CN202385685U - Tea color sorting machine - Google Patents

Tea color sorting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202385685U
CN202385685U CN2012200083640U CN201220008364U CN202385685U CN 202385685 U CN202385685 U CN 202385685U CN 2012200083640 U CN2012200083640 U CN 2012200083640U CN 201220008364 U CN201220008364 U CN 201220008364U CN 202385685 U CN202385685 U CN 202385685U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tea
sorting
stalk
tealeaves
main frame
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2012200083640U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周宁
唐德池
史江峰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HUBEI CAIHUA TEA INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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HUBEI CAIHUA TEA INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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Application filed by HUBEI CAIHUA TEA INDUSTRY Co Ltd filed Critical HUBEI CAIHUA TEA INDUSTRY Co Ltd
Priority to CN2012200083640U priority Critical patent/CN202385685U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202385685U publication Critical patent/CN202385685U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a tea color sorting machine. The tea color sorting machine comprises a rack, a feed device and a host, wherein the feed device and the host are arranged on the rack; and in the host, an image acquisition device and a control device are electrically connected, an air jetter is arranged under the image acquisition device and communicated with an air compressor, and the control valve of the air jetter is electrically connected with the control device. According to the tea color sorting machine, manual work and stalk sorting operation of a stalk-sorting machine can be replaced in the refining process flow of tea by adopting the structure, thereby solving the difficulties that tea refining and sorting operations require more labor and time and have poor effect, improving the work efficiency and quality and lowering the cost. The tea color sorting machine can sort the stalks of brand-name and high-quality green tea, the tea stalk sorting cleanness rate can achieve more than 95 percent, and mistaken sorting rate achieves about 8 percent, the stalk sorting rate of the tea color sorting machine is slightly less than those through fine manual stalk sorting work, while the stalk sorting efficiency can achieve more than 300kg/h which is as more than 300times as that through manual stalk sorting, thus obviously improving labor productivity.

Description

The tealeaves color selector
Technical field
The utility model relates to the sorting equipment in a kind of tealeaves fine finishining, particularly a kind of tealeaves color selector.
Background technology
Tealeaves is made with extra care manufacturing procedure, requires different and difference to some extent according to material characteristic with becoming to sample tea, though identical teas, because the traditional handicraft difference also has sizable difference.But no matter be the refining processing of which kind of tea, generally all can choose and pick operation.Sneak into the tea stalk in the gross tea, inferior matter tea and non-teas field trash, mainly pick the operation rejecting by choosing.Choose and pick operation, reject stalk, muscle, pornographic movie and other foreign material of tealeaves in goods, reach the cleanliness requirement that becomes to sample tea required mainly through machinery or artificial the examination.Famous green tea, the cleanliness that one-tenth is sampled tea requires very high.In the tealeaves subtractive process, manual work is chosen and picked impurity elimination is time-consuming but very crucial operation.Choose and pick the bottleneck that operation is refining middle quality of tealeaves and cost control.Owing to reasons such as Machine Design and performances, it is undesirable that the choosing of conventional equipments such as staged stalk pickup machine, static stalk pickup machine picked effect.Famous green tea through machine repeatedly choose, quiet choosing, but still need hand-sort to assist.Choose the tea expense by hand and account for 10%-15% of the refining cost of famous green tea.For a long time, machinery and manual work that enterprise uses in this operation are many, and cost is high, length consuming time.In recent years, the manual picking quality of the bright leaf of tea descends and mechanical picking increases, and stalk, pornographic movie and foreign material amount increase thereupon in the tealeaves, wait in expectation in the industry always tealeaves particularly famous green tea choose the technological break-through of the equipment of picking.
Existing impurity removing equipment mainly contains three kinds:
1, ladder stalk pickup machine
The staged stalk pickup machine mainly relies on vibration force, utilizes tea to separate with the characteristics of stalk different shape.The general crooked volume of tealeaves profile is big and coarse, and speed is slower on the stalk pickup machine skateboards slot, is chosen again that screw thread rubs on the tea bar, is difficult to slip over, and promptly falls into the slit of stalk pickup machine slide plate.And tea stalk is long and straight, smooth surface, and rapid speed on the stalk pickup machine skateboards slot is difficult for from the slit, falling, thereby reaches the purpose that tea is separated with stalk.But the ladder stalk pickup machine can only be with growing and straight tea stalk is separated, and is all powerless for very short and small tea stalk, pornographic movie and foreign matter, also need use other equipment or manual work to choose and pick operation.
2, static stalk pickup machine
Tealeaves and tea stalk and other foreign material are because water content is different, and static is also different to its adsorption capacity, the static stalk pickup machine utilize just electrostatic field force to obstruct in the tea, leaf different adsorption effect and take out tea stalk, and remove some impurity, partly replace hand labour.But the static stalk pickup machine chooses that to pick effect not good, and error-sorting rate is high, and is tighter to the requirement of moisture content, temperature, the stripe shape teas chosen to pick more be restricted, and the scope of application is narrower, and safety coefficient is little simultaneously, regulates inconvenient.
3, winnowing machine
Tea winnower generally adopts bleed type.Regulate wind speed, blast, through tealeaves according to physical property distances that quilt is blowed under the effect of moving air such as himself density with tea dry sorting, and reach the purpose of pornographic movie and impurity elimination.The shortcoming of winnowing machine is to select pornographic movie, tea stalk and the foreign material that density and tealeaves have obvious difference, and sorting result is not thorough.
Summary of the invention
The utility model technical problem to be solved provides a kind of tealeaves color selector, can select according to the color of tealeaves, solves the refining difficult problem of picking the time-consuming and poor effect of operation of choosing of tealeaves, improves work efficiency and quality, reduces cost.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the utility model adopted is: a kind of tealeaves color selector, form by feeding device and main frame;
In the described main frame, image collecting device is electrically connected with control device, and the below of image collecting device is provided with air jet system, and air jet system is communicated with air compression plant, and the control valve of air jet system is electrically connected with control device.
In the described feeding device, hopper is connected with the refining vibra shoot that is positioned at the main frame top through elevator bucket.
Be provided with the charging vibra shoot in the described hopper, charging vibra shoot below is provided with spiral propeller.
Described main frame below is provided with miscellaneous object outlet, substandard products tea outlet and certified products tea outlet.
Also be provided with guidance panel on the described main frame.
Described main frame below also is provided with the discharging bobbing machine.
Be provided with lighting, camera lens and colored CCD element in the described image collecting device.
The utility model provides a kind of tealeaves color selector; Through adopting above-mentioned structure, on the process for refining flow process of tealeaves, replace the stalk-sorting operation of manual work and stalk pickup machine, solve the refining difficult problem of picking the time-consuming and poor effect of operation of choosing of tealeaves; Improve work efficiency and quality, reduce cost.The utility model carries out stalk-sorting to famous green tea, and the tea stalk sorting net rate can reach more than 95%, and error-sorting rate is about 8%; Though meticulousr manual stalk-sorting also has gap slightly; But more than reached at the 300kg/h of stalk-sorting efficient, improve more than 300 times, significantly improved labor productivity than artificial stalk-sorting.The utility model also has simple to operation, and tealeaves avoided manual and chosen the potentially contaminated that picks, thereby health is clean more, has reached the processing that cleans, standardizes without the contact of people's hand-sort tea.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the utility model is described further:
Fig. 1 is the plan structure sketch map of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the main TV structure sketch map of the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of main frame in the utility model.
Among the figure: charging vibra shoot 1, hopper 2, miscellaneous object outlet 3, substandard products tea outlet 4, spiral propeller 5; Certified products tea outlet 6, elevator bucket 7, refining vibra shoot 8, main frame 9; Image collecting device 91, control device 92, control valve 93, air compression plant 94; Air jet system 95, frame 10, guidance panel 11, discharging bobbing machine 12.
The specific embodiment
A kind of tealeaves color selector comprises frame 10, is made up of the feeding device and the main frame 9 that are installed on the frame 10;
In the described feeding device, hopper 2 is connected with the refining vibra shoot 8 that is positioned at main frame 9 tops through elevator bucket 7.
Be provided with charging vibra shoot 1 in the described hopper 2, charging vibra shoot 1 below is provided with spiral propeller 5.
Described main frame 9 belows are provided with miscellaneous object outlet 3, substandard products tea outlet 4 and certified products tea outlet 6.
Feeding device is that needs are chosen the device that the tealeaves that picks is sent into main frame 9, and refining vibra shoot 8 adopts the two-stage electromagnetic vibration, and sorted materials is fallen more equably.The tealeaves that sorts falls through the outlet 6 of just sampling tea, and transfers out through discharging bobbing machine 12, inferior sample tea to fall also by the inferior outlet 4 of sampling tea transfer out through discharging bobbing machine 12, heterochromatic foreign material then drop in the tea case through the miscellaneous object outlet 3 of afterbody.Operating personnel are through the guidance panel 11 control machines of the screen of the color touch on the main frame 9.The good case of sealing makes whole main frame 9 totally-enclosed, and dirt exclusion capabilities is strong, cleans simple and convenient.
In the described main frame 9, image collecting device 91 is electrically connected with control device 92, and the below of image collecting device 91 is provided with air jet system 95, and air jet system 95 is communicated with air compression plant 94, and the control valve 93 of air jet system 95 is electrically connected with control device 92.Be provided with lighting, camera lens and colored CCD element in the described image collecting device 91.
When tealeaves is cooked the movement of falling object and fallen in the utility model, gather the color that images are judged tealeaves through harvester 91.Harvester 91 is actually a kind of system that uses the aberration induction; Collect the tealeaves chrominance signal; Input control device 92; Through sending signal instruction by control device 92 after the computing,, the keying control air jet system 95 of control control valve 93 blows out thereby blowing out high wind tea stalk, pornographic movie and the foreign material that color is different of boundling.Lighting adopts fluorescent lamp, and making a video recording with the colored CCD element for camera lens provides light source.Tealeaves and tea stalk are through outside the discharging opening discharge machine.The utility model control system has adopted a kind of membrane keyboard operating platform that concisely is prone to knowledge, realizes that human-computer dialogue is interactive, can easily the precision of color separation of various requirement be adjusted to the sorting result of the best.
On the process for refining flow process of famous green tea,, distinguish to some extent with traditional process with the stalk-sorting operation of the utility model replacement manual work and stalk pickup machine.The rectification flow of famous green tea was in the past: hair bud tea is earlier through the winnowing machine selection by winnowing; The tealeaves that winnowing machine is 1 mouthful is delivered to choose and is picked the workshop and carry out manual work and choose and pick operation; The tealeaves that winnowing machine is 2 mouthfuls is selection by winnowing again; At this moment for the second time the tea of 1 mouthful of selection by winnowing is also delivered to choose and is picked the workshop, and the tea of 2 mouthfuls of selection by winnowing carries out selection by winnowing for the third time more for the second time.After the circulation like this 6 to 8 times, 1 mouthful tealeaves is just no longer delivered to choose and is picked the workshop, sells at a low price as shoddy goods.For the first time the tealeaves of 3 mouthfuls, 4 mouthfuls, 5 mouthfuls of selection by winnowing through screening after selection by winnowing again, still sort during selection by winnowing according to the process cycles of previous introduction.
After adopting the utility model, replace manual work with color selector and choose and pick operation.Gross tea is earlier through the winnowing machine selection by winnowing; The tealeaves that winnowing machine is 1 mouthful is delivered to and is carried out the color sorting operation in the utility model; The tealeaves that winnowing machine is 2 mouthfuls is selection by winnowing again; At this moment for the second time the tea of 1 mouthful of selection by winnowing is also delivered to and is carried out the look choosing in the utility model, and the tea of 2 mouthfuls of selection by winnowing carries out selection by winnowing for the third time, 1 mouthful tealeaves look choosing more for the second time.After the circulation like this 6 to 8 times, after at this moment 1 mouthful tealeaves is delivered to the interior look choosing of the utility model, can be assorted in inferior high-quality green tea class tealeaves, only this just can increase the output value of tealeaves greatly.For the first time the tealeaves of 3 mouthfuls, 4 mouthfuls, 5 mouthfuls of selection by winnowing is equally through selection by winnowing again after the screening, sorts according to the process cycles of previous introduction equally during selection by winnowing.Because carrying out the preceding selection by winnowing of look choosing, screening etc. all is that the density according to tealeaves, the physical property of volume sort.The tealeaves of being with milli is because the difference on the color adds the relation of the tealeaves of band milli because of pekoe, and volume increases, and density reduces, and the tealeaves of band milli is often falsely dropped during selection by winnowing.
The utility model can be good at difference band tea and heterochromatic tea in the least owing to adopted the colored CCD element through overtesting and debugging, and error-sorting rate is very low, greatly reduce manual work choose not Liang, practiced thrift labour cost.Simultaneously can also be through the option of pekoe removal in the main frame; Special choosing to the famous-brand and high-quality tea that is mixed with pekoe picked, this moment with main frame to the sensitivity of white transfer very high, reduce sensitivity to other colors; Color selector will pick the tealeaves that has pekoe and elect like this; With tealeaves look at ordinary times select different, this moment the tail mouth with time mouthful tealeaves be the tealeaves that has pekoe, main mouthful tealeaves then is time sampling tea of need sorting out.
With the utility model famous green tea is carried out stalk-sorting, the tea stalk sorting net rate can reach more than 95%, and error-sorting rate is about 8%; Though meticulousr manual stalk-sorting also has gap slightly; But more than reached at the 300kg/h of stalk-sorting efficient, improve more than 300 times, significantly improved labor productivity than artificial stalk-sorting.
The method that traditional tea stalk-sorting employing machine is chosen, hand-sort combines, labor manpower financial capacity, stalk-sorting quality and efficient can not adapt to clean, the processing request of through engineering approaches.Use the utility model to choose field trashes such as picking tea stalk through system in Tea Processing; Need not to make the screen size tea length thickness of paying the look choosing too to standardize, not only good impurity removing effect also can be optimized process for refining; Reduce sieve series operations such as cutting repeatedly, tremble, raise; Avoid too much disconnected broken of tealeaves, and reach choose pick the quality height, work efficiency is high, the tea making cost reduces, system is carried the processing effect that rate improves, solved in the past tealeaves basically and chosen and pick of poor quality and the low defective of work efficiency.And, conventional mechanical or manual choose the high-quality tea of taking out of in the tea stalk that picks that the rope of bar often is tight, the cutting edge of a knife or a sword seedling is good, and what take out of in the substandard goods of tealeaves look choosing is quality heterochromatic tea time.The disposal ability of a tealeaves color selector can be equivalent to hundreds of and choose the tea worker, and enterprise's production capacity is effectively activated, and the process-cycle shortens dramatically.
The utility model is simple to operation.Before opening the utility model, should open air compression plant 94 and drying machine earlier, check simultaneously whether the air pressure of air compression plant 94 is normal, and whether the drying machine high and low pressure is normal.After treating air compressor machine, drying machine operate as normal, open main frame 9 again.On the glass of inspection main frame 9 optical chamber and the chute whether dust is arranged, these dusts can influence the sensitivity of optical lens.So should before start, clear up the glass and the chute of optical chamber, the compressed-air atomizer that cleaning dust available host 9 carries purges.Want first preheating during main frame 9 work, back charging look choosing.About summer general preheating 10min; Preheating time in winter is longer, is generally 20-30min.Preheating can make the equipment such as fluorescent lamp of main frame 9 reach steady-working state.Adjust the flow that gets into main frame 9 tealeaves through the speed of the spiral propeller in the adjustment hopper and the vibra shoot vibration frequency of hopper below.Operating personnel generally rule of thumb grab the content that appearance is estimated the heterochromatic thing of raw material, thus reasonably regulate main frame 9 once, the flow and the sensitivity of secondary.Operating personnel add the flow transferred man-hour at every turn and the numerical value of sensitivity has been done detail record, and the time has been grown, and will accomplish to know what's what to the raw material of different kinds, different quality.The reasonable adjustment of flow and sensitivity is very important, and it directly influences the effect of sorting.Flow is fixedly the time, and sensitivity is high more, and precision of color separation is high more, but takes out of than becomes big; Otherwise sensitivity is low more, take out of than diminish, but precision of color separation reduces.So reasonable disposition is very important, in main frame 9 course of normal operation, operating personnel want the working condition of running check main frame 9, select effect that flow and sensitivity are finely tuned according to look.Check that simultaneously whether chute, optical chamber cover plate have foreign matter, if any should temporarily shutting down, clear up.
Application the utility model sorts the tealeaves that is also advantageous in that of tealeaves and without the contact of people's hand-sort tea, has avoided manual and chosen the potentially contaminated that picks, thereby health cleaning has more reached the processing that cleans, standardizes.The utility model can not only apply in the refining processing of famous green tea, also can be applied in the refining processing of popular green tea.

Claims (7)

1. a tealeaves color selector is characterized in that: be made up of feeding device and main frame (9);
In the described main frame (9); Image collecting device (91) is electrically connected with control device (92); The below of image collecting device (91) is provided with air jet system (95); Air jet system (95) is communicated with air compression plant (94), and the control valve (93) of air jet system (95) is electrically connected with control device (92).
2. a kind of tealeaves color selector according to claim 1 is characterized in that: in the described feeding device, hopper (2) is connected with the refining vibra shoot (8) that is positioned at main frame (9) top through elevator bucket (7).
3. a kind of tealeaves color selector according to claim 2 is characterized in that: be provided with charging vibra shoot (1) in the described hopper (2), charging vibra shoot (1) below is provided with spiral propeller (5).
4. a kind of tealeaves color selector according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described main frame (9) below is provided with miscellaneous object outlet (3), substandard products tea outlet (4) and certified products tea outlet (6).
5. a kind of tealeaves color selector according to claim 1 is characterized in that: also be provided with guidance panel (11) on the described main frame (9).
6. a kind of tealeaves color selector according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described main frame (9) below also is provided with discharging bobbing machine (12).
7. a kind of tealeaves color selector according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with lighting, camera lens and colored CCD element in the described image collecting device (91).
CN2012200083640U 2012-01-10 2012-01-10 Tea color sorting machine Expired - Fee Related CN202385685U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012200083640U CN202385685U (en) 2012-01-10 2012-01-10 Tea color sorting machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012200083640U CN202385685U (en) 2012-01-10 2012-01-10 Tea color sorting machine

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103752519A (en) * 2014-02-20 2014-04-30 丽水桉阳生物科技有限公司 Color sorting winnowing machine for tea leaves
CN104222327A (en) * 2013-06-14 2014-12-24 吴耿茂 Tea stalk-sorting and color-sorting all-in-one machine
CN106179998A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-12-07 福建品品香茶业有限公司 A kind of tea color sorter

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104222327A (en) * 2013-06-14 2014-12-24 吴耿茂 Tea stalk-sorting and color-sorting all-in-one machine
CN104222327B (en) * 2013-06-14 2016-05-04 吴耿茂 Tealeaves stalk-sorting look selects all-in-one
CN103752519A (en) * 2014-02-20 2014-04-30 丽水桉阳生物科技有限公司 Color sorting winnowing machine for tea leaves
CN106179998A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-12-07 福建品品香茶业有限公司 A kind of tea color sorter

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Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20120822

Termination date: 20170110

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee