CN109914644A - A kind of assembled heat insulation masonry wall and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of assembled heat insulation masonry wall and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109914644A
CN109914644A CN201910309014.4A CN201910309014A CN109914644A CN 109914644 A CN109914644 A CN 109914644A CN 201910309014 A CN201910309014 A CN 201910309014A CN 109914644 A CN109914644 A CN 109914644A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
mesh sheet
insulation
vertical
masonry
heat insulation
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Pending
Application number
CN201910309014.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
顾陆忠
姜晓红
王新
陈仰曾
张学敏
陈丰华
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHANGHAI MOKA CONSTRUCTIONAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
SHANGHAI MUNICIPAL HOUSING DESIGN INSTITUTE Co Ltd
Original Assignee
SHANGHAI MOKA CONSTRUCTIONAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
SHANGHAI MUNICIPAL HOUSING DESIGN INSTITUTE Co Ltd
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Application filed by SHANGHAI MOKA CONSTRUCTIONAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd, SHANGHAI MUNICIPAL HOUSING DESIGN INSTITUTE Co Ltd filed Critical SHANGHAI MOKA CONSTRUCTIONAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910309014.4A priority Critical patent/CN109914644A/en
Publication of CN109914644A publication Critical patent/CN109914644A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of assembled heat insulation masonry walls, including prefabricated film wall made of being built as insulation blocks group, horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet, vertical reinforcement, equipment installation and built-in fitting are equipped in the prefabricated film wall, the vertical reinforcement and horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet binding, the prefabricated film wall is stretched out at horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet both ends, the vertical reinforcement upper end stretches out the prefabricated film wall and connects hanging ring, the arc concave surface that prefabricated film wall end is formed convenient for effectively connecting with the constructional column of construction site.The present invention also provides the production methods of assembled heat insulation masonry wall.The present invention can use standardized dies and carry out factory operation, it builds in factory and is lifted at wall to building-site, it is saved greatly cost, thermal insulation property and structural matrix one-off construction are realized, maintenance issues in the future are avoided simultaneously, it is effective supplement of fabricated construction system, more conducively realizes the assembling of masonry building, while meets environmentally protective requirement.

Description

A kind of assembled heat insulation masonry wall and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to building field more particularly to the constructing technology of building masonry wall, especially a kind of assembled heat insulation Masonry wall and preparation method thereof.
Background technique
For the industrialization for further realizing building, the interference to environment is reduced, improves the operating environment of construction worker, at present Government greatly develops assembled architecture.But the standardization level of current assembled architecture is low, still has and many needs to solve The problem of.
Current fabricated construction includes prefabricated concrete structure, assembling type steel structure, assembled timber structure, assembled Masonry structure etc..Wherein, prefabricated concrete structure will cause template recycling rate of waterused it is low, and building cost is high and connection knot The problems such as point is complicated is prominent.And assembling type steel structure, due to Anticorrosion, assembled timber structure is due to fire safety problem, so that the later period The maintenance cost used is high.There are piece wall producing efficiency is low, wall and cast-in-situ concrete member connect assembled heat insulation masonry structure The problems such as validity connect cannot be guaranteed and the lifting of wall piece is complicated.Assembled masonry structure be by standardized dies into Row factory operation builds into wall in factory, lifts to building-site, need to solve factory masonry efficiency and lifting it is whole The problems such as body safety.
Therefore, the standardization level for how improving fabricated construction reduces its construction and maintenance cost, it is reliable to improve it Property, it is that those skilled in the art are dedicated to the problem solved.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to how improve the standardization level of fabricated construction, its construction and dimension are reduced Cost is protected, its reliability is improved.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution of the present invention is to provide a kind of assembled heat insulation masonry walls, special Sign is: including prefabricated film wall made of being built as insulation blocks group, being equipped with horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet, vertical steel in the prefabricated film wall Muscle, equipment installation and built-in fitting, the vertical reinforcement and horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet binding, horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet both ends are stretched The prefabricated film wall out, the vertical reinforcement upper end stretch out the prefabricated film wall and connect hanging ring, prefabricated film wall end shape At the arc concave surface convenient for effectively being connect with the constructional column of construction site.
Preferably, the insulation blocks include inside and outside side wall, and the upper and lower edge of the inside and outside side wall is equipped with bayonet, institute It states inside and outside side wall to connect by intermediate connecting body, the intermediate connecting body is equipped with for positioning the horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet Lateral rib, the intermediate connecting body is interior to be equipped with longitudinal moderate soak plate insertion chamber and vertical hole, the intermediate connecting body Bottom formed horizontal groove.
It is highly preferred that the insulation blocks described in 2~3 skins are laid with one layer of horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet, the horizontal reinforcement The length that prefabricated film wall end is stretched out at mesh sheet both ends meets the anchorage length of reinforcing bar.
It is highly preferred that the vertical hole of insulation blocks described in upper hypodermis is up and down.
Further, the vertical reinforcement is set in the vertical hole of lifting position.
Further, the equipment installation and built-in fitting are set in the vertical hole or the horizontal groove.
Preferably, the depth of the recessed prefabricated film wall of the arc concave surface is 60~100mm.
The present invention also provides a kind of methods for making above-mentioned assembled heat insulation masonry wall, which is characterized in that including as follows Step:
Step 1: it is levelling with cement mortar seat slurry on operating surface, separation layer is covered on screed-coat, and cement is used on separation layer Mortar sits slurry, re-lays horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet, the position of horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet corresponds to the rib in insulation blocks;
Step 2 puts the first leather insulation block, and the rib inside insulation blocks is made to correspond to horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet;Above and below insulation blocks Skin fissure of displacement overlap joint, up and down, pick up mouth alignment card jail above and below insulation blocks is intracavitary slotting in the insertion of moderate soak plate for vertical hole Enter moderate soak plate, the first leather insulation block is under cement mortar placing to bayonet;
Step 3 is laid with one layer of horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet every 2~3 leather insulation blocks, and wall end is stretched out at horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet both ends The length in portion meets the anchorage length of reinforcing bar;The position lifted by crane in the vertical hole of the insulation blocks at wall both ends according to piece wall Put vertical reinforcement, vertical reinforcement and the binding of horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet;
Step 4, vertically hole or the pre-buried equipment pipe of horizontal groove and built-in fitting, in the vertical piece of two insulation blocks Junction pre-buried Luo bar is set;
Step 5 blocks at wall both ends with fixture is blocked;
Step 6, placing grout slurry, and vibrating make that grout slurry is vertical, horizontal direction flowing, it is ensured that grouting is closely knit;
Step 7, the vertical reinforcement end welding hanging ring stretched out at the top of wall, is lifted by crane with suspender;After lifting is in place, scene is poured The constructional column of concrete is built, wall is linked to be entirety by the arc concave surface and horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet and the constructional column of end, Temporary support is set during this period, and the temporary support passes through pre-buried Luo bar and wall connecting.
Preferably, in the step 2, the first leather insulation block is under cement mortar placing to bayonet at 50mm~60mm.
Preferably, it in the step 5, blocks fixture and is made of arcuate die and metal fixture, the arcuate die is longitudinal It is arranged, is uniformly provided with multiple metal fixtures along short transverse on the arcuate die.
Compared with prior art, the assembled heat insulation masonry wall of offer of the invention has the following beneficial effects:
(1) vertical, the horizontal hole of building block are combined, the embedded bar in hole realizes lifting and equipment installation and interim solid Determine the setting of built-in fitting, pipeline it is pre-buried simple, it is easy to operate.
(2) building block feature is combined to avoid the spillage of blockwork end using dedicated clip occluder, be formed simultaneously wall The concave surface that end is effectively combined with cast-in-place concrete constructional column avoids building gingival cyst of mucous gland in the newborn stranding, realizes blockwork assembly and mixes with cast-in-place Effective combination of soil is coagulated, anti-seismic performance is good.
(3) compared with precast concrete sandwich wall, the present invention uses the mold of standard, and standard block group is built, and builds in factory It builds up wall to lift to building-site, solves the problems, such as that pre-cast concrete walling mold recycling rate of waterused is low, cost is high.Wall simultaneously The amount of reinforcement of body greatly reduces, and production cost is low.
(4) building castoff and industrial waste, energy-saving and emission-reduction, while heat preservation and structure can be used in the raw material of building block used in It is primary to complete, it has a safety feature.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is assembled heat insulation masonry wall structural schematic diagram provided in this embodiment;
Fig. 2 is insulation blocks structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is the position view of pre-buried Luo bar;
Fig. 4 is prefabricated film wall and constructional column connection schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is to block fixture schematic diagram.
Specific embodiment
Fig. 1 is assembled heat insulation masonry wall structural schematic diagram provided in this embodiment, the assembled heat insulation masonry wall Including as insulation blocks prefabricated film wall made of factory's group block, horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet 1, vertical reinforcement 9, equipment in prefabricated film wall Pipeline and built-in fitting 3 etc., prefabricated film wall end form arc concave surface 2, are lifted into construction site, have with the constructional column 17 at scene Effect connection is integral, as shown in Figure 4.
In conjunction with Fig. 2, the rib 16 of two transverse directions is equipped in insulation blocks, the upper and lower edge of the inside and outside side wall of insulation blocks is all provided with There is bayonet 18, longitudinal moderate soak plate insertion chamber 10 and vertical hole 11, the bottom shape of insulation blocks are equipped in insulation blocks At horizontal groove 12.
In conjunction with Fig. 3, the junction of the vertical piece of two insulation blocks is equipped with pre-buried Luo bar 7.
The construction method of above-mentioned assembled heat insulation masonry wall the following steps are included:
Step 1: building heat insulation masonry wall needs carry out on smooth station, and 1:2 cement bonded sand need to be generally used on operating surface It is levelling to starch seat slurry, and covers separation layer on screed-coat, then sits slurry with 20mm thickness 1:2 cement mortar, it is good to be laid with pre-production Horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet 1,1 diameter of horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet of bottom generally uses 8mm~12mm, and position corresponds in insulation blocks Two ribs 16.
Step 2 puts the first leather insulation block, the horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet of the corresponding bottom of two ribs 16 in insulation blocks 1, the upper hypodermis fissure of displacement overlap joint of insulation blocks, up and down, moderate soak plate is inserted into the alignment card of bayonet 18 jail to vertical hole 11 15, the first leather insulation block is at cement mortar placing to bayonet 18 down 50mm~60mm.
A upper leather insulation block is similarly arranged in step 3, is laid with horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet 1, water every 2~3 leather insulation blocks The length that blockwork end is stretched out at flat 1 both ends of reinforced mesh meets the anchorage length of reinforcing bar.Horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet 1 is shelved on heat preservation On the rib 16 of building block, vertical reinforcement is put according to the position that piece wall lifts by crane in the vertical hole 11 of the insulation blocks at wall both ends 9, vertical reinforcement 9 and horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet 1 are bound.
Step 4, in conjunction with the vertical hole 11 and horizontal groove 12 of insulation blocks, according to design requirement vertically hole 11 Or the pre-buried equipment pipe of horizontal groove 12, groove and built-in fitting 3, the built-in fitting of temporary support when including wall construction, according to setting Pre-buried Luo bar 7 is counted, the position of pre-buried Luo bar 7 will be located at the junction of the vertical piece of two insulation blocks, as shown in Figure 2.
Wall both ends are blocked with dedicated closure fixture 8 before placing grout slurry 5, prevent from filling by step 5 Hole slurry 5 is overflowed from both ends.As shown in figure 5, dedicated closure fixture 8 is made of arcuate die 13 and metal fixture 14, arc Mold 13 is longitudinally disposed, is uniformly provided with multiple metal fixtures 14 along short transverse on arcuate die 13.
For guarantee wall and cast-in-place constructional column effective connection, except the pre- mesh sheet 1 of horizontal reinforcement stays enough length to meet anchor Gu outer, wall both ends form arc concave surface 2, for effectively being combined with constructional column concrete.
Step 6, placing grout slurry 5, and with vibrating, it prevents moderate soak plate 15 from floating in process of vibrating, vibrates Make that grout slurry 5 is vertical, horizontal direction flowing, it is ensured that grouting is closely knit.
Step 7 stretches out 9 end welding hanging ring 4 of vertical reinforcement at the top of wall, uses suspender according to the requirement of design lifting Lifting.After lifting is in place, poured in place concrete constructional column splicing, wall passes through the arc concave surface 2 and horizontal reinforcement of end Mesh sheet 1 and constructional column 17 are linked to be entirety, as shown in figure 3, needing to be arranged the measure that is fixed temporarily during this period, temporary support passes through pre- Bury Luo bar 7 and wall connecting.
Specifically, wall both ends form 2 60~100mm of recessed outboard end plane of arc concave surface.
The characteristics of present invention is according to insulation blocks are arranged pre-buried in conjunction with building block bayonet, vertical hole and horizontal groove.It builds The arc-shaped concave of the side of block can closely be engaged formation entirety with cast-in-place concrete constructional column, do not have to setting gingival cyst of mucous gland in the newborn and rub with the hands.Due to The vertical hole of building block, horizontal groove connection can place pre-buried lifting reinforcing bar in conjunction with the vertical hole of building block, lift wall In place.
The present invention can use standardized dies and carry out factory operation, builds in factory and hangs at wall to building-site Dress is saved greatly cost, and thermal insulation property and structural matrix one-off construction are completed, while the maintenance avoided in the future is asked Topic, is effective supplement of fabricated construction system, more conducively realizes the assembling of masonry building, while meeting environmentally protective want It asks.
Assembled heat insulation masonry wall provided in this embodiment is suitable for the load bearing wall or filling wall of building, and effect can be improved Rate reduces cost, reduces labor intensity, and overall economic efficiency can be improved, and promotes synthesis energy saving effect.It is built with what country advocated It is consistent to build the environmentally protective fundamental state policy of energy conservation, is the developing direction of future architecture materials for wall.
It should be understood that up, down, left, right, before and after, front, the back mentioning or may mention in the present specification The positional terms such as face, top, bottom are defined relative to each construction shown in the drawings, they are opposite concepts, It is therefore possible to can different location according to locating for it, different use state and correspondingly changed.So also should not be by this A little or other positional terms are construed to restricted term.
The above, only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not to the present invention in any form with substantial limitation, It should be pointed out that under the premise of not departing from the method for the present invention, can also be made for those skilled in the art Several improvement and supplement, these are improved and supplement also should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.All those skilled in the art, Without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, when made using disclosed above technology contents it is a little more Dynamic, modification and the equivalent variations developed, are equivalent embodiment of the invention;Meanwhile all substantial technologicals pair according to the present invention The variation, modification and evolution of any equivalent variations made by above-described embodiment, still fall within the range of technical solution of the present invention It is interior.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of assembled heat insulation masonry wall, it is characterised in that: described pre- including prefabricated film wall made of being built as insulation blocks group Be equipped with horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet (1), vertical reinforcement (9), equipment installation and built-in fitting (3) in film-making wall, the vertical reinforcement (9) and Horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet (1) binding, the prefabricated film wall, the vertical reinforcement are stretched out in horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet (1) both ends (9) upper end is stretched out the prefabricated film wall and is connected hanging ring (4), and prefabricated film wall end is formed convenient for the construction with construction site The arc concave surface (2) that column (17) effectively connects.
2. a kind of assembled heat insulation masonry wall as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the insulation blocks include inside and outside The upper and lower edge of side wall, the inside and outside side wall is equipped with bayonet (18), and the inside and outside side wall passes through intermediate connecting body and connects, institute It states intermediate connecting body and is equipped with lateral rib (16) for positioning the horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet (1), in the intermediate connecting body Equipped with longitudinal moderate soak plate insertion chamber (10) and vertical hole (11), horizontal groove is formed on the bottom of the intermediate connecting body (12).
3. a kind of assembled heat insulation masonry wall as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: be laid with every 2~3 leather insulation blocks There is one layer of horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet (1), the length that prefabricated film wall end is stretched out at horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet (1) both ends is full The anchorage length of sufficient reinforcing bar.
4. a kind of assembled heat insulation masonry wall as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: the institute of insulation blocks described in upper hypodermis State vertical hole (11) up and down.
5. a kind of assembled heat insulation masonry wall as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that: the vertical reinforcement (9) is set to In the vertical hole (11) for hanging position.
6. a kind of assembled heat insulation masonry wall as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that: the equipment installation and built-in fitting (3) it is set in the vertical hole (11) or the horizontal groove (12).
7. a kind of assembled heat insulation masonry wall as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the arc concave surface (2) is recessed The depth of the prefabricated film wall is 60~100mm.
8. a kind of method for making assembled heat insulation masonry wall as claimed in any one of claims 2 to 7, which is characterized in that packet Include following steps:
Step 1: it is levelling with cement mortar seat slurry on operating surface, separation layer is covered on screed-coat, and cement is used on separation layer Mortar sits slurry, re-lays horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet (1), the position of horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet (1) corresponds to the rib (16) in insulation blocks;
Step 2 puts the first leather insulation block, keeps the rib (16) inside insulation blocks corresponding horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet (1);Heat preservation The hypodermis fissure of displacement overlaps in building block, and up and down, pick up mouth (18) alignment card is firm up and down for insulation blocks, in centre for vertical hole (11) Insulation board is inserted into chamber (10) and is inserted into moderate soak plate (15), and the first leather insulation block is with cement mortar placing to bayonet (18) Under;
Step 3 is laid with one layer of horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet (1) every 2~3 leather insulation blocks, and horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet (1) both ends are stretched out The length of wall end meets the anchorage length of reinforcing bar;According to piece wall in the vertical hole (11) of the insulation blocks at wall both ends The position of lifting is put vertical reinforcement (9), vertical reinforcement (9) and horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet (1) binding;
Step 4, vertically hole (11) or the pre-buried equipment pipe of horizontal groove (12) and built-in fitting (3), in two insulation blocks The junction of vertical piece pre-buried Luo bar (7) is set;
Step 5 blocks at wall both ends with fixture (8) are blocked;
Step 6, placing grout slurry (5), and vibrating make that grout slurry (5) is vertical, horizontal direction flowing, it is ensured that grouting is close It is real;
Step 7, the vertical reinforcement stretched out at the top of wall (9) end welding hanging ring (4), is lifted by crane with suspender;After lifting is in place, The constructional column (17) of poured in place concrete, wall by the arc concave surface (2) of end and horizontal reinforcement mesh sheet (1) with it is described Constructional column (17) is linked to be entirety, and temporary support is arranged during this period, and the temporary support is connected by pre-buried Luo bar (7) and wall It connects.
9. a kind of production method of assembled heat insulation masonry wall as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that: the step 2 In, the first leather insulation block is under cement mortar placing to bayonet (18) at 50mm~60mm.
10. a kind of assembling method of assembled heat insulation masonry wall as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that: the step 5 In, it blocks fixture (8) and is made of arcuate die (13) and metal fixture (14), the arcuate die (13) is longitudinally disposed, described Multiple metal fixtures (14) are uniformly provided with along short transverse on arcuate die (13).
CN201910309014.4A 2019-04-17 2019-04-17 A kind of assembled heat insulation masonry wall and preparation method thereof Pending CN109914644A (en)

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CN201910309014.4A CN109914644A (en) 2019-04-17 2019-04-17 A kind of assembled heat insulation masonry wall and preparation method thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910309014.4A CN109914644A (en) 2019-04-17 2019-04-17 A kind of assembled heat insulation masonry wall and preparation method thereof

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CN109914644A true CN109914644A (en) 2019-06-21

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111561061A (en) * 2020-03-24 2020-08-21 河北工业大学 Assembled wallboard, wall structure and construction method of wall structure
CN111663676A (en) * 2020-06-08 2020-09-15 浙江大道建设工程有限公司 Heat-insulating wall and construction method thereof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111561061A (en) * 2020-03-24 2020-08-21 河北工业大学 Assembled wallboard, wall structure and construction method of wall structure
CN111663676A (en) * 2020-06-08 2020-09-15 浙江大道建设工程有限公司 Heat-insulating wall and construction method thereof
CN111663676B (en) * 2020-06-08 2022-02-11 浙江大道建设工程有限公司 Heat-insulating wall and construction method thereof

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