CN105064545A - Assembled integral type masonry wall assembling structure and construction method thereof - Google Patents

Assembled integral type masonry wall assembling structure and construction method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105064545A
CN105064545A CN201510436167.7A CN201510436167A CN105064545A CN 105064545 A CN105064545 A CN 105064545A CN 201510436167 A CN201510436167 A CN 201510436167A CN 105064545 A CN105064545 A CN 105064545A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
construction
sheet
masonry
prefabricated
walls
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Pending
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CN201510436167.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄靓
包堂堂
王海
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Zhuzhou Boerman Science & Technology Development Co Ltd
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Zhuzhou Boerman Science & Technology Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510436167.7A priority Critical patent/CN105064545A/en
Publication of CN105064545A publication Critical patent/CN105064545A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses an assembled integral type masonry wall assembling structure and a construction method thereof, and belongs to the field of building walls and construction. The assembled integral type masonry wall assembling structure consists of prefabricated masonry walls, reinforced concrete construction columns and a cast-in-situ ring beam floor, and is characterized in that combed joints are reserved at an end of each prefabricated masonry wall; reinforcing steel bars are placed in the combed joints between each two adjacent walls and are concreted to form the reinforced concrete construction columns; cast-in-situ ring beams are arranged on the upper portions of the walls; the adjacent walls are connected to one another through the reinforced concrete construction columns and cooperate through the ring beams; the walls are prefabricated in a factory and are hoisted in field; wet construction amount of field construction is reduced; construction speed is increased greatly; a construction period is shortened; and requirements of building industrialization are met. The construction method comprises the following steps of hoisting the prefabricated masonry walls in place; placing the reinforcing steel bars in the combed joints of the adjacent walls; erecting pole shuttering and concreting to form the reinforced concrete construction columns; erecting the ring beams and a slab form; pouring the upper reinforced concrete ring beams and the floor; and maintaining and protecting.

Description

A kind of assembled integral masonry wall splicing structure and construction method thereof
Technical field
The application relates to construction wall and construction field, more precisely a kind of assembled integral masonry wall splicing structure and construction method thereof.
Background technology
Developed country is as far back as the fifties in last century four, first improvement research is carried out to construction wall, changed to bulk walling by small pieces of material (sintered article standard brick), bulk walling changes to light weight board and composite board direction, namely develop to assembled architecture wall direction, changed to prefabricated direction by cast-in-place floor, beam, post subsequently, through the development of over half a century, various countries have basically formed the leading products of home industry building system and materials for wall supporting with it.Japan's research work in assembled arthitecutral structure building is more advanced, many fabricated construction building engineerings are built in recent years, it Japanese architecture market as one of the large building system (reinforced concrete structure system, steel structure system and prefabricated costruction system) of Japanese architecture industry three common support, developed country's industrialization of construction industry degree such as picture Britain, Germany, the U.S. are also very high, particularly Swedish architecture industrialization degree arrives more than 80% at home, is the country that industrialization of construction industry degree is in the world the highest.
For a long time; China's dwelling construction has followed traditional architectural mode; since entering 21 century; along with the fast development of China's urbanization and process of modernization; the contradiction of the energy and inadequate resource is more and more outstanding; the situation of ecological construction and environmental protection is increasingly serious, and the continuous rising of labor cost, restrict again Building Trade in China and further develop.Assembled architecture industrialization is global megatrend and main trend, an urgent demand of Ye Shi China reform and development simultaneously, has already become basic industry and the pillar industry of national economy in China's building materials industry and building.Precast wall body is by factorial praluction and site assembly construction, significantly can reduce building waste and building sewage, reduce construction noise, reduce the discharge of pernicious gas and dust, improve the workmanship of building, service quality and environmental quality, improve engineering construction level efficiency of labour production, realize building system and engineering construction sustainable development.
Masonry wall is the most traditional construction wall of China, and masonry wall cost is low, and material therefor can be gathered materials on the spot, thus China for a long time more than 80% body of wall all adopt building material.Novel wall material, as concrete block (brick), air-entrained concrete building block, sand-lime (flyash) brick (building block) and sintered article etc., can utilize solid waste in process of production, is one of main path of China's solid waste comprehensive utilization.Masonry wall provides well except fire-resistant, heat insulation and sound insulation value except can be building, the body of wall of any shape and size can be built into by laying bricks or stones, use very flexible, but the construction of China's masonry wall is faced with many problems, manpower shortage, construction quality is wayward, and situ wet workload is large, cumbersome, industrialization degree is low.Thus, long-range, Wanke etc. is proposed precast unit assembling system, achieves element precast, but the house individual character of this pattern is not enough, and amendment house type can roll up the input of various wall body construction large mold, house unit price is improved a lot.Therefore, for the many merits of masonry wall and developing rapidly of precast wall body, the present invention proposes a kind of assembled integral masonry wall splicing structure, uses building material to build dry wall sheet by laying bricks or stones.
Fabricated prefabricated masonry wall appears at Germany the earliest, first enter the batch engineer applied stage in European countries such as Germany, Belgium, Switzerland, Italy, and progressively instead of traditional masonry wall, there are prefabricated concrete block wall, sintered building block body of wall and aerated-block body of wall.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions.
A kind of assembled integral masonry wall splicing structure and construction method thereof, by prefabricated masonry wall, reinforced concrete structural column, cast-in-place collar tie beam floor composition, it is characterized in that: prefabricated masonry wall sheet is prefabrication, on-site hoisting, prefabricated masonry wall sheet leaves horse tooth trough in end, after adjacent wall sheet hoisted in position, reinforcing bar is placed in horse tooth trough betwixt, and concreting forms constructional column, body of wall top is cast-in-place collar tie beam, prefabricated masonry wall sheet is brick masonry wall or block masonry wall or heat insulation building block masonry wall, a kind of assembled integral masonry wall splicing structure and construction method thereof, its construction sequence comprises successively:
A., before the lifting of wall sheet, check the numbering of wall sheet and check that whether wall sheet is intact;
B. the position of surveying setting-out determination wall sheet, winches to structure installment position with special hanger by wall sheet, preliminary in place after temporary support system is set, correct the position of wall sheet and check verticality and the levelness of wall sheet;
C. in the horse tooth trough of adjacent wall sheet, reinforcing bar is placed, and ensure that reinforcing bar has enough anchorage lengths, the bar connecting that vertical reinforcement lower end is stretched out with basis, upper end reaches in upper ring beam, prop up column template and concreting, and vibration compacting forms constructional column, waits constructional column concrete curing to predetermined strength, remove support system;
D. prop up collar tie beam, slab form, lay the reinforcing bar of collar tie beam and floor, concreting vibration compacting forms cast-in-place collar tie beam and floor;
E. maintenance and protection.
The present invention compared with prior art tool has the following advantages: solve job site brick-building art complicated, wet trade amount is large, the problem that speed of application is slow, avoid the popularization due to prefabricated assembled concrete wallboard to cause existing walling enterprise production capacity surplus or calcellation and the significant wastage of the social resources caused simultaneously, improve construction condition, reduce labour intensity, reduce the consumption of various raw material, simultaneously, on the basis of original masonry structure advantage, wall thermal insulating can be increased, the function such as decoration integrated, and wall sheet is in size with have very large flexibility in form, different functional requirements can be met.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the application's wall body structure axonometric drawing;
Fig. 2 is the application's body of wall erection drawing;
Fig. 3 is the application's body of wall hoisted in position figure;
Fig. 4 is the application's constructional column assembling reinforcement figure;
Fig. 5 is that the application's constructional column has built figure.
Reference numeral is as follows:
6--the support of 1-prefabricated masonry wall sheet, 2-reinforcing bar, 3-constructional column, 4-collar tie beam, 5-floor.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, this is further described application.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of assembled integral masonry wall splicing structure and construction method thereof, by prefabricated masonry wall sheet, reinforced concrete structural column, cast-in-place collar tie beam floor composition, prefabricated masonry wall sheet adopts concrete hollow block to build by laying bricks or stones in factory according to demand and forms, and adopt machine whitewashing, machine is built by laying bricks or stones, wall sheet leaves horse tooth trough in end, after adjacent wall sheet hoisted in position, in horse tooth trough betwixt, place reinforcing bar, and concreting forms constructional column, body of wall top is cast-in-place collar tie beam, and its construction sequence comprises successively:
A., before the lifting of wall sheet, check the numbering of wall sheet and check that whether wall sheet is intact;
B. the position of surveying setting-out determination wall sheet, as Fig. 2, winches to structure installment position with special hanger by wall sheet, preliminary in place after temporary support system is set, correct the position of wall sheet and check verticality and the levelness of wall sheet, as Fig. 3;
C. in the horse tooth trough of adjacent wall sheet, reinforcing bar is placed, and ensure that reinforcing bar has enough anchorage lengths, as Fig. 4, the bar connecting that vertical reinforcement lower end is stretched out with basis, upper end reaches in upper ring beam, props up column template and concreting, and vibration compacting forms constructional column, Deng constructional column concrete curing to predetermined strength, remove support system, as Fig. 5;
D. prop up collar tie beam, slab form, lay the reinforcing bar of collar tie beam and floor, concreting vibration compacting forms cast-in-place collar tie beam and floor, as Fig. 1;
E. maintenance and protection.
Above-mentioned drawings and Examples are only more preferably a kind of for illustration of the present invention; do not constitute any limitation protection scope of the present invention, those skilled in the art carries out common change and replaces should being included within protection scope of the present invention within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. an assembled integral masonry wall splicing structure and construction method thereof, by prefabricated masonry wall, reinforced concrete structural column, cast-in-place collar tie beam floor composition, is characterized in that: prefabricated masonry wall sheet is prefabrication, on-site hoisting, prefabricated masonry wall sheet leaves horse tooth trough in end, after adjacent wall sheet hoisted in position, places reinforcing bar in horse tooth trough betwixt, and concreting forms constructional column, body of wall top is cast-in-place collar tie beam.
2. a kind of assembled integral masonry wall splicing structure according to claim 1 and construction method thereof, is characterized in that: prefabricated masonry wall sheet is brick masonry wall or block masonry wall or heat insulation building block masonry wall.
3. a kind of assembled integral masonry wall splicing structure according to claim 1 and construction method thereof, its construction sequence comprises successively:
A., before the lifting of wall sheet, check the numbering of wall sheet and check that whether wall sheet is intact;
B. the position of surveying setting-out determination wall sheet, winches to structure installment position with special hanger by wall sheet, preliminary in place after temporary support system is set, correct the position of wall sheet and check verticality and the levelness of wall sheet;
C. in the horse tooth trough of adjacent wall sheet, reinforcing bar is placed, and ensure that reinforcing bar has enough anchorage lengths, the bar connecting that vertical reinforcement lower end is stretched out with basis, upper end reaches in upper ring beam, prop up column template and concreting, and vibration compacting forms constructional column, waits constructional column concrete curing to predetermined strength, remove support system;
D. prop up collar tie beam, slab form, lay the reinforcing bar of collar tie beam and floor, concreting vibration compacting forms cast-in-place collar tie beam and floor;
E. maintenance and protection.
CN201510436167.7A 2015-07-23 2015-07-23 Assembled integral type masonry wall assembling structure and construction method thereof Pending CN105064545A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106284846A (en) * 2016-09-28 2017-01-04 西安建筑科技大学 A kind of assembled steel reinforced concrete-constituted pile and utilize the system of this post, construction method
CN106592974A (en) * 2016-10-14 2017-04-26 北京崇建工程有限公司 Building external wall window masonry construction method
CN107451356A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-12-08 成都智建新业建筑设计咨询有限公司 A kind of outer-wall building method based on BIM
CN108179880A (en) * 2018-01-16 2018-06-19 杨阳 A kind of wall structure column and collar tie beam exempt from formwork construction technique
CN108457402A (en) * 2017-02-21 2018-08-28 黄靓 A kind of concrete structure construction method with assembled masonry filler wall
CN108457469A (en) * 2017-02-21 2018-08-28 黄靓 A kind of concrete structure construction method with assembled masonry filler wall
CN109025065A (en) * 2018-08-31 2018-12-18 南京宏亚建设集团有限公司 Level sizing prefabricated construction column construction technology
CN110777962A (en) * 2019-09-25 2020-02-11 江苏兴厦建设工程集团有限公司 Complete prefabrication construction method for filler wall masonry structural parts

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106284846A (en) * 2016-09-28 2017-01-04 西安建筑科技大学 A kind of assembled steel reinforced concrete-constituted pile and utilize the system of this post, construction method
CN106592974A (en) * 2016-10-14 2017-04-26 北京崇建工程有限公司 Building external wall window masonry construction method
CN108457402A (en) * 2017-02-21 2018-08-28 黄靓 A kind of concrete structure construction method with assembled masonry filler wall
CN108457469A (en) * 2017-02-21 2018-08-28 黄靓 A kind of concrete structure construction method with assembled masonry filler wall
CN107451356A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-12-08 成都智建新业建筑设计咨询有限公司 A kind of outer-wall building method based on BIM
CN108179880A (en) * 2018-01-16 2018-06-19 杨阳 A kind of wall structure column and collar tie beam exempt from formwork construction technique
CN109025065A (en) * 2018-08-31 2018-12-18 南京宏亚建设集团有限公司 Level sizing prefabricated construction column construction technology
CN110777962A (en) * 2019-09-25 2020-02-11 江苏兴厦建设工程集团有限公司 Complete prefabrication construction method for filler wall masonry structural parts

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Application publication date: 20151118

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