CN109881773A - A kind of box-type module room and method of construction - Google Patents

A kind of box-type module room and method of construction Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109881773A
CN109881773A CN201910230769.5A CN201910230769A CN109881773A CN 109881773 A CN109881773 A CN 109881773A CN 201910230769 A CN201910230769 A CN 201910230769A CN 109881773 A CN109881773 A CN 109881773A
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China
Prior art keywords
cabinet
building
building unit
box
type module
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Pending
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CN201910230769.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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张跃
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张跃
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Priority to CN201910230769.5A priority Critical patent/CN109881773A/en
Publication of CN109881773A publication Critical patent/CN109881773A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

A kind of box-type module room and method of construction solve the problems such as multi-layered modular building manufacture is difficult, work progress is many and diverse and takes up a large area.Box-type module room includes at least one building unit, building unit forms closing or semi-enclosed body structure by least four pieces of prefabricated board material splices, setting partition erects cabinet to form the building unit to form at least two layers of room ontology after being completed in building unit.Method of construction includes that board material splice forms body structure;Cabinet is separated out at least two layers of room ontology with partition;Cabinet, which is transported to construction site, to be erect to form building unit;Semi-enclosed cabinet combines to form multiple building units with adjacent boxes.This box-type module room and method of construction are simple and reliable, adapt to industrial production standardisation requirements, and meet the needs of transport, install and is easy to use.

Description

A kind of box-type module room and method of construction
Technical field
The present invention relates to modular architectural, especially a kind of box-type module room and method of construction.
Background technique
Traditional in-site pouring mixed mud construction method is not only in manpower and costly in material resources, a large amount of buildings of generation Discharge, rubbish and pollution, and it is irremovable after the completion of building.Modular architectural is a kind of various pieces by building in factory It is prefabricated into after module and arrives at building site by transport, then the construction method that the one kind simply assembled is novel.Further, In order to simplify modular transportation process and in order to reduce live assembling difficulty of construction, occur such as existing patent CN103216115A The box house building block moved integrally with one kind disclosed in CN 104532951A.
The box house building block of the above-mentioned type has effectively been saved under the premise of globality and preferable stability Manufacture, material and resource consumption in Transportation Engineering, and the requirement to building site construction environment is considerably reduced, reduce Adverse effect of the construction to surrounding enviroment.However, usually structure is complicated for such box house building block, including frame, Beam column and exterior wall, using the component of a variety of different sizes and material, and it takes time and effort in the production of factory and assembling process.Separately On the one hand, such box house building block is only designed as the building module of single layer;When demand is the building of multilayer, need more A box house building block stacked combination, still there are certain requirements the environmental condition of construction site and work progress is numerous It is miscellaneous.
Summary of the invention
In view of the above deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention provides one kind premised on good integrity and stability, The box-type module room that structure is simple, component specification and material category are few, possesses multilayered structure, can move integrally.Meanwhile the present invention A kind of simple and convenient box-type module room method of construction is provided.
The box-type module room includes following technical solution:
A kind of box-type module room, including at least one building unit, Lou Danyuan form closing by least four pieces of prefabricated board material splices Or semi-enclosed body structure, the interior setting partition of building unit are erect cabinet after being completed with forming at least two layers of room ontology Get up to be formed the building unit.
In this way, box-type module room is formed using prefabricated plate direct-assembling, without building additional column and beam, reduce Construction period.And by large-sized plate direct splicing at cabinet, cabinet, which is erected, directly forms multilayer by partition Building unit, this structure can factory's direct-assembling complete, building unit can be formed by erecting to construction site, time saving and energy saving, It is readily transported, greatly shortens construction period, and building unit is removable, replace place, flexibility is high.
Further, semi-enclosed cabinet combines to form enclosure space with adjacent boxes.
Partial box-type module room is built into semiclosed form, finally being capable of shape by mutual combination between Lou Danyuan At an enclosure space, meet the use condition of building, the construction of semiclosed room ontology can reduce the consumption of prefabricated panels, drop Low cost.
Further, the prefabricated plate is the core plate with laminboard layer.Core plate with laminboard layer have it is light-weight, structure is strong Big advantage is spent, other solid slabs is compared, is more suitable for building building unit of the invention.
Further, the core plate includes plate layer, laminboard layer, plate layer, and plate layer and laminboard layer weld.Welding manner is preferably pricker Weldering or electric resistance welding.
Further, laminboard layer is tube core, honeycomb core or corrugated core.
For core plate compares cellular board, mass production can be realized.Since core plate is sandwich plate body, light-weight, anti-impact It is strong to hit ability.
Further, there is opening on the partition, opening forms the stair shaft or pipeline space for being connected to floor up and down.
Further, the building unit includes the building A equipped with single open-door elevator and cabinet integrally closed;Or building unit packet It includes equipped with single open-door elevator and the unclosed building B of cabinet one side;Or building unit includes being equipped with double door elevator and cabinet The building C of integrally closed;Or building unit includes the unclosed building D of cabinet one side;Or building unit includes being equipped with double door electricity The terraced and unclosed cabinet one side building E;Or building unit includes the unclosed building F in the adjacent two sides of cabinet.
Further, the building unit and the building unit of installation double door elevator for not installing elevator are applied in combination.
Further, the quadrangle of the building unit is equipped with corner fittings.
Further, the quadrangle of the building unit is equipped with corner fittings, is threadedly coupled between adjacent building unit by corner fittings; Or it using welding or is spirally connected between adjacent building unit.It is preferred that using corner fittings connect, in this way, building unit can in transit and It is connected and fixed during site operation with other building unit Rapid Combinations.
A kind of method of construction in box-type module room includes following technical solution:
At least four pieces prefabricated board material splices are formed closing or semi-enclosed body structure in factory by the first step;
Second step, cabinet inner-use clapboard are separated out at least two layers of room ontology;
Third step transports at least one cabinet to construction site, and cabinet is erected to form building unit;
4th step, when cabinet have it is multiple, and including closing and when semi-enclosed cabinet, by semi-enclosed cabinet and adjacent boxes group Conjunction forms enclosure space, to form multiple building units.
The advantages of above scheme, is: (1) in factory just by the prefabricated completion of building unit, directly by Lou Danyuan when needing to construct It transports to construction site and is combined the construction that building can be completed, construction period is greatly shortened, substantially less than half a day The combined building unit construction of Lou Danyuan or multiple is finished;(2) composition of Lou Danyuan only needs prefabricated plate, no longer needs in room sheet The components such as girder are built in vivo, also save some materials while shortening construction period;(3) box-type module room in part uses Semi-enclosed, the intercombination of Lou Danyuan forms the building met the requirements, and the setting of semi-enclosed building unit reduces prefabricated board The consumption of material, reduces costs.
Further, at least one cabinet first carries out interior decoration, or merging furniture in factory, or installs fresh air system Afterwards again whole Transporting to construction site.In this way, greatly shortening the time from building up to moving in.
Further, the cabinet installs elevator and/or stair in factory;Or on construction ground, elevator is not installed Building unit and the building unit of installation double door elevator are applied in combination.Wherein, the building unit and installation double door electricity of elevator are not installed The service efficiency effectively improved to land area, space and public utility is applied in combination in the building unit of ladder.
Preferably, the elevator of installation is elevator, and elevator control system includes access privilege control and management function.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the planar structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 2 is the planar structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 2;
Fig. 3 is the planar structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 3;
Fig. 4 is the planar structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 4;
Fig. 5 is the planar structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 5;
Fig. 6 is the planar structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 6;
Fig. 7 is the sectional view along A-A that Fig. 1 or 3 is respectively shown in embodiment 1 or 3;
Fig. 8 is that the embodiment of the present invention is the B-B direction cross-sectional view that Fig. 1,2,3 or 5 are respectively shown in embodiment 1,2,3 or 5;
Fig. 9 is the planar structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 7;
Figure 10 is the planar structure schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 8.
Specific embodiment
Box-type module room of the invention and method of construction are done into one below with reference to Figure of description and specific embodiment Step is described in detail.
Following embodiment preferred to uses metal core board.Core plate series is the product of applicant's independent research, specific Structure can be found in a series of core plate patents submitted before applicant, such as application No. is PCT/CN2017/103301, 2017100693117,2017100696863 etc..It is understood that the core plate is also possible to cellular board or corrugation core plate (laminboard layer is multiple spaced corrugated sheets) etc..
Embodiment 1
The present embodiment is the building A structure, i.e. single open-door elevator and cabinet integrally closed.As shown in figs. 1,7 and 8, a kind of box Module room, the partition 4 including connecting into the exterior wall 1 of cabinet, top plate 2, bottom plate 3 and box house.In the present embodiment, have enough 1,1 piece of 4 pieces of exterior walls, 2,1 pieces of the top plate bottom plate 3 and 5 piece partition 4 that the integral prefabricated plate of intensity is constituted;Partition 4 is in cabinet space Space interval at 6 contour floors, can also be divided into the high floor of different layers by interior equidistant arrangement according to actual needs.
Wherein, the prefabricated panels of sufficient intensity can be the plate of different materials, such as plank, metal plate, composite panel Deng;It is also possible to the plate of different structure, such as solid slab, cored slab, composite plate simultaneously.The present embodiment preferably uses gold Belong to core plate;Metal core board is a kind of metal plate for pressing from both sides hollow pipe, including first panel, second panel and first panel and second Multiple hollow pipes between panel;Be equipped with gap between hollow pipe, the both ends of hollow pipe are equipped with flange, hollow pipe by flange with Soldering connection between first panel, second panel.Metal core board be welded to each other and/or be spirally connected fixed composition one possess it is good whole The box-type module room of body, stability and airtightness.Wherein, partition 4 can be core plate of the invention, be also possible to other plates Material.
The metal core board of facade 1 has opening 6 in the corresponding position of all floors, is 1 layer of door and the window of remainder layer Family reserves position.The container-type corner fittings 8 that exterior wall 1 is also connected and fixed in the position on eight vertex close to cabinet.
Partition 4 has stair shaft opening 71 in the corner close to the back side and right side exterior wall 1, this stair shaft opening 71 forms connection buildings The stair shaft space 9 of layer;Stair shaft space 9 is provided with elevator 91.Elevator system includes access privilege control and management function It can be to ensure the safety and privacy of each floor user.There are also a pipelines in the corner close to front and right side exterior wall 1 for partition 4 Opening 72;This pipeline tapping 72 is the air outlet that connection is mounted on fresh air system pipeline in core plate.
During factory manufactures and assembles, in metal core board installation be connected to the power supply of each floor, water supply, blowdown, The pipeline of fresh air and network system.Meanwhile sound insulation by filling material or heat-barrier material in remaining space in metal core board;It is preferred that Packing material be while there is the lightweight materials of good sound insulation and heat-insulating properties.Meanwhile some satisfactions being lived basic need The furniture and facility 51 wanted such as lighting installation, bathroom facility, locker, bed are installed by the fixation device on partition 4 and are fixed, It is transported together with Integral box module room.
During transporting box-type module room described in the present embodiment, use is connected and fixed by the vertex position close to cabinet Container-type corner fittings 8 be connected and fixed with other adjacent units, such as be threadedly coupled.All units are in such a way that container arranges Mobile transport.After arriving at building site, box-type module room is lifted and is kept upright to designated position, its container-type angle is passed through It is rapidly engaged fixation with building foundation in a welding manner by part 8.
Embodiment 2
The present embodiment is the building B, i.e. single open-door elevator and cabinet one side is unclosed.As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 8, with embodiment 1 Difference is that the present embodiment only has 3 face exterior walls 1, and right side exterior wall is left a blank;In addition, partition 4 is close to 1 the right corner of facade Pipeline tapping 72 be the opening for penetrating through partition 4, the pipeline of fresh air system pipeline is installed by this pipeline tapping 72 and is connected to phase Adjacent floor.
Other structures are same as Example 1.
Embodiment 3
The present embodiment is the building C, i.e. double door elevator and cabinet integrally closed.As shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 7 and Fig. 8, with embodiment 1 Difference is there is opening 6 on the present embodiment back side exterior wall 1;Elevator 9 can positive direction to box-type module room or the back side Direction is opened the door, and the position that back side direction is opened the door is corresponding with the position of opening 6.
Other structures are same as Example 1.
Embodiment 4
The present embodiment is the building D, i.e. cabinet one side is unclosed.As shown in figure 4, the difference from embodiment 1 is that, the present embodiment is only There are 3 face exterior walls 1, facade is left a blank;The metal core board of back side exterior wall 1 has opening 6 in the corresponding position of all floors, is first The door of layer and the window of remainder layer reserve position;Meanwhile partition 4 is only having a pipeline close to the corner of the back side and right side exterior wall 1 Opening 72, this pipeline tapping 72 are the air outlet that connection is mounted on fresh air system pipeline in core plate;The present embodiment does not go up and down electricity Ladder does not set stair shaft space yet.
Other structures are same as Example 1.
Embodiment 5
The present embodiment is the building E, i.e. double door elevator and cabinet one side is unclosed.As shown in Figure 5 and Figure 8, with embodiment 3 Difference is that the present embodiment only has 3 face exterior walls 1, and right side exterior wall is left a blank.
Other structures are same as Example 3.
Embodiment 6
The present embodiment is the building F, i.e. the adjacent two sides of cabinet are unclosed.As shown in fig. 6, being with the difference of embodiment 4, this implementation Example only has 2 face exterior walls 1, and front and right side exterior wall are left a blank.
Other structures are same as Example 4.
Embodiment 7
As shown in figure 9, unit O and P are according to the building B box-type module room as described in example 2;Unit Q is according to embodiment 1 The building A box-type module room.Each unit is engaged with adjacent unit respectively, and O and P, P and Q are by be each located on joint surface close The container angle of vertex position is connected and fixed, and the welded seal at joint gap;Preferably, it is in exterior wall joint gap Cabinet interior and exterior implements encapsulation process.
The right side of unit O is engaged with the left side of unit P, the left side exterior wall of unit O and unit P sharing unit P;Similarly, single The left side exterior wall of first P and unit Q sharing unit Q.
Embodiment 8
As shown in Figure 10, unit I and J is the building the F box-type module room according to embodiment 6;Unit K is according to 4 institute of embodiment The building the D box-type module room stated;Unit L and M are the building the E box-type module room according to embodiment 5;Unit N is according to embodiment 3 The building the C box-type module room.Juncture between each unit is same as Example 7.
The right side of unit I is engaged with the left side of unit J, the left side exterior wall of unit I and unit J sharing unit J;Similarly, single The left side exterior wall of first J and unit K sharing unit K;The left side exterior wall of unit L and unit M sharing unit M;Unit M and unit N is total With the left side exterior wall of unit N.The front of unit I is engaged with the back side of unit L, outside the back side of unit I and unit L sharing unit L Wall;Similarly, the back side exterior wall of unit J and unit M sharing unit M;The back side exterior wall of unit K and unit N sharing unit N.
The elevator of unit L is opened the door to the positive direction or back side direction of L, while unit L elevator back side direction Opening position is corresponding with the opening on the exterior wall of the back side L, and unit I passes through the elevator of the opening and unit L sharing unit L;Together Reason, the elevator of unit J and unit M sharing unit M;The elevator of unit K and unit N sharing unit N.
Preferably, the hotel affiliated box-type module Fang Wei, house, hospital or office building, especially at sea platform uses Hotel, house, hospital or office building.
Obviously, various changes and modifications can be made to the invention without departing from essence of the invention by those skilled in the art Mind and range.In this way, if these modifications and changes of the present invention belongs to the range of the claims in the present invention and its equivalent technology Within, then the present invention also includes these modifications and variations.

Claims (11)

1. a kind of box-type module room, it is characterized in that: including at least one building unit, Lou Danyuan is spelled by least four blocks prefabricated plates It connects to form closing or semi-enclosed body structure, setting partition is in building unit to form at least two layers of room ontology, after being completed Cabinet is erected to form the building unit.
2. box-type module room according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: semi-enclosed cabinet combines shape with adjacent boxes At enclosure space.
3. box-type module room according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the prefabricated plate is the core plate with laminboard layer.
4. box-type module room according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: the core plate includes plate layer, laminboard layer, plate layer, plate Layer is welded with laminboard layer;Or laminboard layer is tube core, honeycomb core or corrugated core.
5. described in any item box-type module rooms according to claim 1 ~ 4, it is characterized in that: having opening, opening shape on the partition At the stair shaft or pipeline space for being connected to floor up and down.
6. described in any item box-type module rooms according to claim 1 ~ 4, it is characterized in that: the building unit includes being equipped with single open-door The building A of elevator and cabinet integrally closed;Or building unit includes equipped with single open-door elevator and the unclosed B of cabinet one side Building;Or building unit includes the building C equipped with double door elevator and cabinet integrally closed;Or building unit includes cabinet one side The unclosed building D;Or building unit includes equipped with double door elevator and the unclosed building E of cabinet one side;Or building unit packet Include the unclosed building F in the adjacent two sides of cabinet.
7. box-type module room according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: not installing the building unit and installation double door electricity of elevator The building unit of ladder is applied in combination.
8. described in any item box-type module rooms according to claim 1 ~ 4, it is characterized in that: the quadrangle of the building unit is equipped with angle Part is threadedly coupled between adjacent building unit by corner fittings;Or it using welding or is spirally connected between adjacent building unit.
9. the method for construction in any one box-type module room according to claim 1 ~ 8, it is characterized in that: the following steps are included:
At least four pieces prefabricated board material splices are formed closing or semi-enclosed body structure in factory by the first step;
Second step, cabinet inner-use clapboard are separated out at least two layers of room ontology;
Third step transports at least one cabinet to construction site, and cabinet is erected to form building unit;
4th step, when cabinet have it is multiple, and including closing and when semi-enclosed cabinet, by semi-enclosed cabinet and adjacent boxes group Conjunction forms enclosure space, to form multiple building units.
10. the method for construction in box-type module room according to claim 9, it is characterized in that: at least one cabinet is first in factory It carries out interior decoration or is placed in furniture or is transported again after installing fresh air system to construction site.
11. according to the method for construction in the box-type module room of claim 9 or 10, it is characterized in that: the cabinet is pacified in factory Fill elevator and/or stair;Or on construction ground, the building unit for not installing elevator is combined with the building unit of installation double door elevator It uses.
CN201910230769.5A 2019-03-26 2019-03-26 A kind of box-type module room and method of construction Pending CN109881773A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111021785A (en) * 2019-11-27 2020-04-17 中建科技有限公司 Box type house convenient to disassemble and assemble and installation method thereof
CN112209205A (en) * 2020-10-20 2021-01-12 张跃 Modular elevator/stair structure

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2003193691A (en) * 2001-12-27 2003-07-09 Shimokobe Kenchiku Sekkei Jimusho:Kk Multi layer detached concrete house
CN201406765Y (en) * 2009-02-27 2010-02-17 沙洲职业工学院 Stairs container for transportation
KR20150027373A (en) * 2013-08-31 2015-03-12 대림산업 주식회사 Double layer type apartment structure having parking area
CN204552155U (en) * 2015-01-14 2015-08-12 浙江高而基钢构材料有限公司 A kind of container house
CN206110319U (en) * 2016-09-16 2017-04-19 天津大学 Modular unit of modularization steel construction building structure system
CN106759853A (en) * 2017-03-29 2017-05-31 河北建筑工程学院 A kind of the assembled box structure system and its construction method of structural thermal insulation integration
CN207567956U (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-07-03 肇庆科达轻钢房屋系统有限公司 A kind of multi-deck container movable plank house
CN108316711A (en) * 2018-01-25 2018-07-24 苏州艾卡特金属制品有限公司 The sliceable unit cabinet of parking systems and its application

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2003193691A (en) * 2001-12-27 2003-07-09 Shimokobe Kenchiku Sekkei Jimusho:Kk Multi layer detached concrete house
CN201406765Y (en) * 2009-02-27 2010-02-17 沙洲职业工学院 Stairs container for transportation
KR20150027373A (en) * 2013-08-31 2015-03-12 대림산업 주식회사 Double layer type apartment structure having parking area
CN204552155U (en) * 2015-01-14 2015-08-12 浙江高而基钢构材料有限公司 A kind of container house
CN206110319U (en) * 2016-09-16 2017-04-19 天津大学 Modular unit of modularization steel construction building structure system
CN106759853A (en) * 2017-03-29 2017-05-31 河北建筑工程学院 A kind of the assembled box structure system and its construction method of structural thermal insulation integration
CN207567956U (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-07-03 肇庆科达轻钢房屋系统有限公司 A kind of multi-deck container movable plank house
CN108316711A (en) * 2018-01-25 2018-07-24 苏州艾卡特金属制品有限公司 The sliceable unit cabinet of parking systems and its application

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111021785A (en) * 2019-11-27 2020-04-17 中建科技有限公司 Box type house convenient to disassemble and assemble and installation method thereof
CN112209205A (en) * 2020-10-20 2021-01-12 张跃 Modular elevator/stair structure

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Application publication date: 20190614