CN109823829B - Full-automatic feeding and receiving mechanism capable of realizing feeding and discharging of stacking-shaped material trays - Google Patents

Full-automatic feeding and receiving mechanism capable of realizing feeding and discharging of stacking-shaped material trays Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109823829B
CN109823829B CN201910145011.1A CN201910145011A CN109823829B CN 109823829 B CN109823829 B CN 109823829B CN 201910145011 A CN201910145011 A CN 201910145011A CN 109823829 B CN109823829 B CN 109823829B
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supporting plate
conveying device
feeding
trays
driven
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CN201910145011.1A
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CN109823829A (en
Inventor
于红明
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Suzhou Merlec Automation Co ltd
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Suzhou Merlec Automation Co ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a full-automatic feeding and receiving mechanism capable of realizing the in-out of stacked trays, which comprises a first conveying device, a second conveying device positioned below the first conveying device, a first lifting unit arranged at two sides of the tail end of the first conveying device and used for lifting a bottom penultimate tray in the incoming trays, a feeding and receiving station butted with the tail end of the first conveying device, a horizontal transfer device used for receiving the bottommost tray in the first conveying device and conveying the trays to the feeding and receiving station, a second lifting unit used for lifting the trays on the feeding and receiving station and a lifting device used for receiving the trays on the feeding and receiving station and conveying the trays to the second conveying device. The invention can realize simultaneous feeding and discharging of the multilayer overlapped material box, greatly reduce the frequency of manual feeding and receiving of the material box, and realize full-automatic feeding or receiving of the material.

Description

Full-automatic feeding and receiving mechanism capable of realizing feeding and discharging of stacking-shaped material trays
[ field of technology ]
The invention relates to automation equipment, in particular to a full-automatic feeding and receiving mechanism capable of realizing the in-out of a stacking-shaped material tray.
[ background Art ]
In the manufacturing field, intelligent manufacturing gradually replaces traditional manual and single-machine processing modes, and becomes the main stream of the manufacturing industry. In the industrial production process, automatic feeding and automatic discharging of materials are the basis for realizing automatic production. The intelligent manufacturing is gradually increasing in demand for automatic high-speed accurate feeding and receiving matching devices, such as feeding and receiving of a plurality of products carried by trays, and feeding is mainly carried out by one worker one tray at a time and receiving is carried out by another worker one tray at a time, so that manual feeding and receiving are slow in speed, labor is repeated, labor intensity is high, efficiency is low, and labor cost and time cost are high. In the prior art, although automatic material receiving and feeding devices are also provided, only the automatic supply and automatic material receiving of a single-layer material box can be realized, the frequency of manual feeding and material receiving boxes is higher, and the labor intensity is still higher.
[ invention ]
The invention mainly aims to provide a full-automatic feeding and receiving mechanism capable of realizing the feeding and discharging of stacked material trays, and simultaneously feeding and discharging of multilayer stacked material boxes, so that the frequency of manual feeding and receiving of the material boxes is greatly reduced, and full-automatic feeding or receiving of materials is realized.
The invention realizes the aim through the following technical scheme: the full-automatic feeding and receiving mechanism comprises a first conveying device, a second conveying device, a first lifting unit, a feeding and receiving station, a horizontal transfer device, a second lifting unit and a lifting device, wherein the second conveying device is arranged below the first conveying device, the first lifting unit is arranged at two sides of the tail end of the first conveying device and used for lifting a bottom penultimate layer of material tray in a material tray, the feeding and receiving station is in butt joint with the tail end of the first conveying device, the horizontal transfer device is used for carrying the bottommost layer of material tray in the first conveying device and conveying the bottommost layer of material tray to the feeding and receiving station, the second lifting unit is used for lifting the material tray in the feeding and receiving station and conveying the material tray to the second conveying device.
Further, the material grabbing device further comprises a material grabbing mechanism for taking away materials in the material tray on the material supplying and receiving station or grabbing and placing the materials into the material tray on the material supplying and receiving station.
Further, at least three groups of stopping devices are arranged on two sides of the first conveying device, and each stopping device comprises a first cylinder and a blocking plate which is driven by the first cylinder to extend into the first conveying device and blocks the material tray from advancing.
Further, a plurality of sensors for monitoring whether the material trays exist or not or the stacking height of the material trays are arranged at the edges of the first conveying device and the second conveying device.
Further, the first lifting unit is provided with two sides which are respectively positioned on the first conveying device, the trays are lifted from the two sides, and the first lifting unit comprises a second air cylinder, a first supporting plate which is driven by the second air cylinder to move up and down, a third air cylinder which is fixed on the first supporting plate, a second supporting plate which is driven by the third air cylinder to move towards the first conveying device, and a first supporting plate which is fixed on the second supporting plate.
Further, the second lifting unit is provided with two sides which are respectively positioned at the feeding and receiving station, the trays are lifted from the two sides, and the second lifting unit comprises a fourth cylinder, a third supporting plate which is driven by the fourth cylinder to extend into the feeding and receiving station and a second supporting plate which is fixed on the third supporting plate.
Further, the second lifting unit further comprises a limiting plate fixedly arranged above the second supporting plate for limiting the height position of the material tray in the material feeding station.
Further, the horizontal transfer device comprises a first driving piece, a fourth supporting plate driven by the first driving piece to move along the direction of the first conveying device, a fifth air cylinder fixed on the fourth supporting plate, a fifth supporting plate driven by the fifth air cylinder to move up and down, a sixth air cylinder fixed on the fifth supporting plate, and a sixth supporting plate driven by the sixth air cylinder to move up and down.
Further, the lifting device comprises a second driving piece and a seventh supporting plate which is driven by the second driving piece to move up and down.
Compared with the prior art, the full-automatic feeding and receiving mechanism capable of realizing the feeding and discharging of the stacking-shaped material trays has the beneficial effects that: the feeding and discharging of the multilayer overlapped material box can be realized, the frequency of the manual feeding box and the receiving box is greatly reduced, and the full-automatic feeding or receiving of materials is realized.
[ description of the drawings ]
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a partial side view of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a partial structure of an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a second lifting unit according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of a horizontal carrying device and a lifting device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
the figures represent the numbers:
100 can realize the full-automatic feeding and receiving mechanism of the stacking material trays;
1 a first conveying device; 2 a second conveying device; 3 a first lifting unit, 31 a second cylinder, 32 a first support plate, 33 a third cylinder, 34 a second support plate, 35 a first pallet; 4 horizontal transfer means, 41 first driving member, 42 fourth supporting plate, 43 fifth cylinder, 44 fifth supporting plate, 45 sixth cylinder, 46 sixth supporting plate, 47 positioning rod; 5 second lifting units, 51 fourth cylinders, 52 third supporting plates, 53 second supporting plates and 54 limiting plates; 6 lifting device, 61 second driving piece, 62 seventh backup pad; 7, a material grabbing mechanism; 8 stop means, 81 first cylinder, 82 stop plate; 9 sensors.
[ detailed description ] of the invention
Examples:
referring to fig. 1-5, the embodiment is a fully automatic feeding and receiving mechanism 100 capable of realizing the entry and exit of stacked trays, and includes a first conveying device 1, a second conveying device 2 located below the first conveying device 1, a first lifting unit 3 disposed at two sides of the end of the first conveying device 1 for lifting the bottom last tray in the trays, a feeding and receiving station butted with the end of the first conveying device 1, a horizontal transfer device 4 for receiving the bottom tray in the first conveying device 1 and conveying to the feeding and receiving station, a second lifting unit 5 for lifting the tray on the feeding and receiving station and conveying to a lifting device 6 on the second conveying device 2, and a material grabbing mechanism 7 for taking the material in the tray on the feeding and receiving station or grabbing the material into the tray on the feeding and receiving station.
At least three groups of stop devices 8 are arranged on two sides of the first conveying device 1, and a plurality of sensors 9 for monitoring whether the material trays exist or not or the stacking height of the material trays are arranged on the edges of the first conveying device 1 and the second conveying device 2.
The stopping device 8 comprises a first cylinder 81 and a blocking plate 82 which is driven by the first cylinder 81 to extend into the first conveying device 1 to block the advance of the tray.
The material grabbing mechanism 7 is realized by adopting a three-module transfer device to match with clamping jaws or adopting a robot to match with clamping jaws.
The first lifting unit 3 is provided with two support plates 34 which are respectively positioned at both sides of the first conveyor 1 and lift the tray from both sides, and the first lifting unit 3 comprises a second cylinder 31, a first support plate 32 which is driven by the second cylinder 31 to move up and down, a third cylinder 33 which is fixed on the first support plate 32, a second support plate 34 which is driven by the third cylinder 33 to move toward the first conveyor 1, and a first pallet 35 which is fixed on the second support plate 34.
The second lifting unit 5 is provided with two sides respectively positioned at the feeding and receiving station, the trays are lifted from the two sides, the second lifting unit 5 comprises a fourth air cylinder 51, a third supporting plate 52 driven by the fourth air cylinder 51 to extend into the feeding and receiving station, a second supporting plate 53 fixed on the third supporting plate 52, and a limiting plate 54 fixedly arranged above the second supporting plate 53 for limiting the height position of the trays in the feeding station. The limiting plate 54 is mainly used for preventing the lifting device 6 from lifting up too high to strike the manipulator when the tray is received again after the multi-layer tray is lifted up, or the lifting distance of the lifting device 6 is inconvenient to control, and the lifting device 6 can be quickly prevented from continuously lifting up through the limiting plate 54.
The horizontal transfer device 4 has two lifting positions, and the horizontal transfer device 4 includes a first driving member 41, a fourth supporting plate 42 driven by the first driving member 41 to move along the direction of the first conveying device 1, a fifth air cylinder 43 fixed on the fourth supporting plate 42, a fifth supporting plate 44 driven by the fifth air cylinder 43 to move up and down, a sixth air cylinder 45 fixed on the fifth supporting plate 44, a sixth supporting plate 46 driven by the sixth air cylinder 45 to move up and down, and a positioning rod 47 arranged on the sixth supporting plate 46 and used with a tray. The horizontal transfer device 4 mainly extracts the tray at the bottommost layer at the tail end of the first conveying device 1, then transfers the tray to the feeding and receiving station position to wait for the material grabbing mechanism 7 to pick up or discharge the material, and then the tray is placed to the second lifting unit 5 to wait for the lifting device 6 to extract the material.
The lifting device 6 includes a second driving member 61, and a seventh support plate 62 that is driven by the second driving member 61 to move up and down. The seventh support plate 62 and the sixth support plate 46 each have a width smaller than the width of the tray.
The working principle of the full-automatic feeding and receiving mechanism 100 capable of realizing the in-out of the stacking material trays in this embodiment is as follows: firstly, stacking trays are manually stored from one end of the first conveying device 1, for example, in this embodiment, three trays can be stacked and three stacking trays can be simultaneously placed, when the sensor 9 monitors that the trays reach the position of the first lifting unit 3, the stopping device 8 starts to stop the following trays from advancing, meanwhile, the first conveying device 1 stops working, the first lifting unit 3 starts to lift and raise the trays of the second last but one layer to a certain height, at this time, the horizontal transfer device 4 is positioned below the trays, the trays of the lowest layer are lifted for the first time through the first lifting movement of the sixth supporting plate 46, the trays are driven to be separated from the first conveying device 1, then under the driving action of the first driving piece 41, the trays are transferred to the feeding and receiving station, when the sensor 9 monitors that the trays reach the feeding and receiving station, the first lifting unit 3 returns the lifted tray to the first conveying device 1, meanwhile, the tray on the sixth supporting plate 46 is matched with the material grabbing mechanism 7 to realize automatic material taking or automatic material collecting, when the material taking or material collecting action is completed, the sixth supporting plate 46 performs a second lifting motion, the upper surface of the tray is driven to reach the height of the limiting plate 54, when the sensor 9 detects that the tray reaches the height, the second lifting unit 5 starts to lift the tray, the first supporting plate 46 descends to the lowest position and horizontally moves to the position below the tail end of the first conveying device 1 to extract the second tray, then the lifting device 6 starts, the seventh supporting plate 62 ascends to lift the tray on the second lifting unit 5, the second lifting unit 5 resets, and the seventh supporting plate 62 descends to the set height; the steps are repeated until the sensor 9 monitors that the height of the tray on the seventh supporting plate 62 reaches the set layer height, the seventh supporting plate 62 drops and places the stacked trays on the second conveying device 2 for output, and therefore automatic feeding of the stacked trays and automatic receiving of the stacked tray are achieved.
What has been described above is merely some embodiments of the present invention. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and improvements can be made without departing from the spirit of the invention.

Claims (2)

1. Can realize piling up full-automatic feed receiving mechanism of form charging tray business turn over, its characterized in that: the device comprises a first conveying device, a second conveying device, a first lifting unit, a feeding and receiving station, a horizontal transfer device, a second lifting unit and a lifting device, wherein the second conveying device is arranged below the first conveying device; the material grabbing mechanism is used for taking away materials in the material tray on the material supplying and receiving station or grabbing the materials into the material tray on the material supplying and receiving station; at least three groups of stop devices are arranged on two sides of the first conveying device, and each stop device comprises a first cylinder and a blocking plate which is driven by the first cylinder to extend into the first conveying device and blocks the feed tray from advancing; a plurality of sensors for monitoring whether the material trays exist or not or monitoring the stacking height of the material trays are arranged at the edges of the first conveying device and the second conveying device; the first lifting unit is provided with two first supporting plates which are respectively positioned at two sides of the first conveying device and used for supporting the material trays from the two sides, and comprises a second air cylinder, a first supporting plate which is driven by the second air cylinder to move up and down, a third air cylinder which is fixed on the first supporting plate, a second supporting plate which is driven by the third air cylinder to move towards the first conveying device, and a first supporting plate which is fixed on the second supporting plate; the second lifting unit is provided with two supporting plates which are respectively positioned at two sides of the feeding and receiving station and used for supporting the material trays from the two sides, and comprises a fourth cylinder, a third supporting plate which is driven by the fourth cylinder to extend into the feeding and receiving station and a second supporting plate which is fixed on the third supporting plate; the second lifting unit further comprises a limiting plate fixedly arranged above the second supporting plate for limiting the height position of the material tray in the material supplying and receiving station; the horizontal transfer device comprises a first driving piece, a fourth supporting plate driven by the first driving piece to move along the direction of the first conveying device, a fifth air cylinder fixed on the fourth supporting plate, a fifth supporting plate driven by the fifth air cylinder to move up and down, a sixth air cylinder fixed on the fifth supporting plate, and a sixth supporting plate driven by the sixth air cylinder to move up and down.
2. The fully automatic feeding and receiving mechanism capable of realizing the in-out of a stacking type material tray as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the lifting device comprises a second driving piece and a seventh supporting plate which is driven by the second driving piece to move up and down.
CN201910145011.1A 2019-02-27 2019-02-27 Full-automatic feeding and receiving mechanism capable of realizing feeding and discharging of stacking-shaped material trays Active CN109823829B (en)

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CN201910145011.1A CN109823829B (en) 2019-02-27 2019-02-27 Full-automatic feeding and receiving mechanism capable of realizing feeding and discharging of stacking-shaped material trays

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910145011.1A CN109823829B (en) 2019-02-27 2019-02-27 Full-automatic feeding and receiving mechanism capable of realizing feeding and discharging of stacking-shaped material trays

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CN109823829B true CN109823829B (en) 2023-09-22

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112110184A (en) * 2020-08-17 2020-12-22 王清国 Robot material conveying system of shielding detection box
CN113290801B (en) * 2021-05-07 2022-07-29 乐清市惠华电子有限公司 Ribbon cooling device
CN113353639A (en) * 2021-05-25 2021-09-07 深圳市联欣科技有限公司 Automatic feeding and recycling device for multiple groups of charging trays
CN113716268B (en) * 2021-07-09 2023-06-09 无锡奥特维科技股份有限公司 Silicon wafer classifying and collecting method

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN204917048U (en) * 2015-09-16 2015-12-30 深圳欧浦仕精密设备有限公司 Automatic stack formula material collecting device
WO2018076423A1 (en) * 2016-10-26 2018-05-03 江苏比微曼智能科技有限公司 Automatic feeding system
WO2018094680A1 (en) * 2016-11-25 2018-05-31 苏州富强科技有限公司 Full-automatic feeding production line

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN204917048U (en) * 2015-09-16 2015-12-30 深圳欧浦仕精密设备有限公司 Automatic stack formula material collecting device
WO2018076423A1 (en) * 2016-10-26 2018-05-03 江苏比微曼智能科技有限公司 Automatic feeding system
WO2018094680A1 (en) * 2016-11-25 2018-05-31 苏州富强科技有限公司 Full-automatic feeding production line

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