CN109807228B - Automatic production mechanism and production process of metal polishing brush - Google Patents

Automatic production mechanism and production process of metal polishing brush Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109807228B
CN109807228B CN201910112974.1A CN201910112974A CN109807228B CN 109807228 B CN109807228 B CN 109807228B CN 201910112974 A CN201910112974 A CN 201910112974A CN 109807228 B CN109807228 B CN 109807228B
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punching
plate
cylinder
pressing
assembling
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CN109807228A (en
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陈永治
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Hubei Cp Nc Machinery Ltd
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Hubei Cp Nc Machinery Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic production mechanism of a metal polishing brush, and relates to a brush production mechanism. The automatic feeding device comprises a workbench, and a material conveying device which is positioned on the workbench and used for conveying a feeding workbench left and right, wherein a material sheet is arranged on the feeding workbench, and a punching device for punching a feeding sheet, a device for pressing a rivet and a gasket, an assembling device for assembling a brush rod by the feeding sheet and a punching device for the feeding sheet are sequentially arranged on the workbench from left to right. The invention realizes the full-automatic production of the metal polishing brush, greatly improves the working efficiency and also saves the labor cost. The invention also discloses a production process of the automatic production mechanism of the metal polishing brush.

Description

Automatic production mechanism and production process of metal polishing brush
Technical Field
The invention relates to a brush production mechanism, in particular to an automatic production mechanism of a metal polishing brush. The invention also relates to a production process of the automatic production mechanism of the metal polishing brush.
Background
At present, the method for producing the metal polishing brush is manual production, the efficiency is very low, the cost is very high, the specifications of the metal polishing brushes produced by different people are not uniform, and the workers are difficult to recruit as the times develop.
Therefore, it is necessary to develop an automatic production mechanism for the metal polishing brush.
Disclosure of Invention
The first purpose of the present invention is to overcome the above-mentioned shortcomings of the background art, and to provide an automatic production mechanism for a metal polishing brush.
The second purpose of the invention is to overcome the defects of the background art and provide a production process of the automatic production mechanism of the metal polishing brush.
In order to achieve the first object, the technical scheme of the invention is as follows: metal polish brush automatic production mechanism, its characterized in that: the automatic feeding device comprises a workbench, and a material conveying device which is positioned on the workbench and used for conveying a feeding workbench left and right, wherein a material sheet is arranged on the feeding workbench, and a punching device for punching a feeding sheet, an assembling device for pressing rivets and gaskets, an assembling device for assembling brush rods by the feeding sheet and a punching device for the feeding sheet are sequentially arranged on the workbench from left to right.
In the technical scheme, the material conveying device comprises a material conveying slide rail, a screw rod, a material conveying motor, a first material conveying belt pulley and a second material conveying belt pulley; fortune material slide rail is installed on the workstation, and the lead screw is installed between two fortune material slide rails through the support at both ends, and fortune material motor is located the workstation side, and first fortune material belt pulley is located the output of fortune material motor, and first fortune material belt pulley passes through the belt and transports material belt pulley connection with the second, and second fortune material belt pulley is connected with the lead screw.
In the technical scheme, the feeding workbench comprises a material conveying sliding block, an upper handle first connecting plate, an upper handle second connecting plate and a material clamping sheet; the material conveying sliding block is installed on the material conveying sliding rail, the first upper handle connecting plate is installed on the material conveying sliding block, the back face of the first upper handle connecting plate is connected with the lead screw, the first upper handle connecting plate is provided with an upper handle sliding rail, the second upper handle connecting plate is installed on the upper handle sliding rail in a front-back sliding mode through the upper handle sliding block, the front end of the first upper handle connecting plate is provided with an upper handle cylinder, the output shaft of the upper handle cylinder is connected with the second upper handle connecting plate, and the second upper handle connecting plate is connected with the material clamping piece through the upper handle support.
In the technical scheme, the punching device comprises a punching bracket, a first punching connecting plate, a second punching connecting plate, a third punching connecting plate, a punching column and a punching cushion block; the punching support is mounted on the workbench, the punching first connecting plate is mounted on the punching support, a punching slide rail is arranged on the punching first connecting plate, the punching second connecting plate is mounted on the punching slide rail in a vertically sliding mode through the punching slide block, the punching cylinder is mounted at the upper end of the punching first connecting plate through the punching third connecting plate, an output shaft of the punching cylinder is connected with the punching second connecting plate, and the punching column is located at the lower end of the punching second connecting plate; the punching cushion block is arranged on the workbench and is positioned below the punching column.
In the technical scheme, the opposite pressing device comprises a first disc for transporting a gasket, a second disc for transporting a rivet, a first opposite pressing connecting plate positioned on a workbench and an opposite pressing support positioned on the workbench; the first counter-pressure connecting plate is provided with a first counter-pressure slide rail, the second counter-pressure connecting plate is arranged on the first counter-pressure slide rail in a front-back sliding mode through a first counter-pressure slide block, and an output shaft of a first counter-pressure cylinder positioned on the first counter-pressure connecting plate is connected with the second counter-pressure connecting plate; the second counterpressure connecting plate is provided with a second counterpressure sliding rail, the second counterpressure cylinder is arranged on the second counterpressure sliding rail in a left-right sliding mode through a second counterpressure sliding block, the third counterpressure cylinder is provided with a gasket conveying block, the output shaft of the third counterpressure cylinder is provided with a gasket counterpressure column, and the gasket counterpressure column is positioned at the lower end of the gasket conveying block;
a butt-pressing guide block is mounted on the side face of the butt-pressing support, a butt-pressing guide groove is formed in the butt-pressing guide block, a third butt-pressing connecting plate can be mounted in the butt-pressing guide block in a back-and-forth motion mode, a fourth butt-pressing air cylinder is located behind the butt-pressing guide block, an output shaft of the fourth butt-pressing air cylinder is connected with the third butt-pressing connecting plate, and an output shaft of a fifth butt-pressing air cylinder penetrates through the third butt-pressing connecting plate and is connected with the rivet butt-pressing column;
the rivet pressing column comprises two stations during working, the rivet pressing column sucks the rivet conveyed from the second disc at the first station, and the rivet pressing column is positioned right above the gasket conveying block at the second station;
the gasket conveying block comprises two stations in the work process, the gasket conveyed out of the first disc is received by the gasket conveying block in the first station, and the gasket conveying block is located right below the rivet pressing column in the second station.
In the technical scheme, the assembling device comprises a third disc for transporting the brush rod, an assembling support arranged on the workbench, a guide post arranged on the assembling support, a guide block sleeved on the guide post and capable of sliding up and down, an assembling post arranged at the lower end of the guide block, an assembling first connecting plate arranged on the workbench, an assembling second connecting plate, a second assembling cylinder positioned on the assembling second connecting plate, and a manipulator capable of clamping the brush rod, wherein an output shaft of the second assembling cylinder is connected with the manipulator; the assembly first connecting plate is provided with an assembly sliding rail, the assembly second connecting plate is arranged on the assembly sliding rail in a front-back sliding mode through an assembly sliding block, the assembly first connecting plate is provided with a first assembly cylinder, and an output shaft of the first assembly cylinder is connected with the assembly second connecting plate; an output shaft of the third assembling cylinder is connected with the bottom of the manipulator;
the manipulator comprises two stations in the work, the brush rod transported from the third disc is clamped by the manipulator in the first station, and the manipulator is positioned under the assembling column in the second station.
In the technical scheme, the stamping device comprises a stamping motor arranged on the side surface of the assembling bracket, a stamping bracket arranged on the assembling bracket and a discharge opening arranged on the workbench; the output end of the stamping motor is provided with a first stamping belt pulley, and the first stamping belt pulley is connected with a second stamping belt pulley positioned behind the stamping bracket through a belt; the second stamping belt pulley is connected with a stamping eccentric wheel in front of the stamping bracket through a stamping transmission shaft; the stamping eccentric wheel is connected with a stamping first connecting block through a stamping transmission block, the stamping first connecting block can be installed on a stamping slide rail in front of the stamping bracket in a vertically sliding manner, and a stamping column is arranged at the lower end of the stamping first connecting block; and the discharge opening is connected with an output shaft of the stamping cylinder through a stamping second connecting block.
In the technical scheme, the clamping cylinder is arranged on the clamping sheet, and an output shaft of the clamping cylinder penetrates through the clamping sheet and is connected with the pressing plate.
In the technical scheme, the two clamps of the manipulator are both provided with grooves.
In order to achieve the second object, the invention has the technical scheme that: the production process of the automatic production mechanism of the metal polishing brush is characterized by comprising the following steps of:
step 1: tightly fixing the material sheet in the material clamping sheet through a pressing plate;
step 2: the conveying device drives the feeding workbench to move from left to right;
and step 3: when the material piece is positioned at the punching device, the output shaft of the punching cylinder drives the punching column to move downwards through the punching second connecting plate, and the punching column punches a hole in the material piece and then returns upwards;
and 4, step 4: when the material conveying device drives the material sheet on the feeding workbench to move to the opposite-pressing device, the gasket conveying block moves to an outlet of the first disc through the first opposite-pressing air cylinder and the second opposite-pressing air cylinder, receives the gasket conveyed from the first disc and then moves to the position right below the hole;
the rivet pressing column moves to an outlet of the second disc through the fourth pressing cylinder pair, sucks the rivet conveyed from the second disc, and then moves to the position right above the hole;
the third pair of air cylinders drives the gasket to move upwards relative to the pressure column, the fifth pair of air cylinders drives the rivet to move downwards relative to the pressure column, the gasket and the rivet are pressed on the material sheet at the hole position, then the third pair of air cylinders drives the gasket to return downwards relative to the pressure column, and the fifth pair of air cylinders drives the rivet to return upwards relative to the pressure column;
and 5: when the material conveying device drives the material sheet on the feeding workbench to move to the assembling device, the first assembling cylinder drives the mechanical arm to move to an outlet of the third disc, the mechanical arm clamps the brush rod, then the first assembling cylinder retracts to drive the brush rod on the mechanical arm to be positioned right below the hole, the second assembling cylinder and the third assembling cylinder drive the mechanical arm to move upwards to enable the brush rod to be tightly attached to the material sheet, at the moment, the assembling column moves downwards to punch the brush rod, the gasket and the rivet together, then the assembling column returns upwards, and the mechanical arm returns downwards;
step 6: when the material sheet is positioned at the stamping device, the output shaft of the stamping cylinder drives the discharge opening to move upwards, so that the discharge opening is tightly attached to the material sheet, the stamping motor drives the stamping column to move downwards, a finished product is stamped from the material sheet and falls into the collection bag from the discharge opening, then the stamping motor drives the stamping column to return upwards, and the stamping cylinder drives the discharge opening to return downwards;
and 7: and (5) repeating the step 2-6 to finish the manufacture of a row of finished products, driving the feeding workbench to return to the leftmost end by the material conveying device, driving the material clamping sheet to move inwards by one station by the output shaft of the upper handle cylinder to stretch out, and repeating the step 2-6 to finish the processing of the whole material sheet.
The invention realizes full-automatic production of the metal polishing brush, has uniform specification, greatly improves the working efficiency and saves the labor cost.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a feeding workbench.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of the punching device.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram 1 of a pressing device.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of the pressing device 2.
Fig. 6 is a schematic view of the structure of the mounting device 1.
Fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of the robot.
Fig. 8 is a schematic structural view 1 of the punching apparatus.
Fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of the punching apparatus 2.
Fig. 10 is a diagram of a process of processing a web into a metal polishing brush.
In the figure, 1-workbench, 2-material conveying device, 21-material conveying slide rail, 22-screw rod, 221-support, 23-material conveying motor, 241-first material conveying belt pulley, 242-second material conveying belt pulley, 3-punching device, 31-punching bracket, 321-punching first connecting plate, 322-punching second connecting plate, 323-punching third connecting plate, 33-punching column, 341-punching slide rail, 342-punching slide block, 35-punching cylinder, 36-punching cushion block, 4-counter-pressing device, 41-first disk, 42-second disk, 43-first counter-pressing connecting plate, 431-first counter-pressing slide rail, 432-first counter-pressing slide block, 433-second counter-pressing connecting plate, 44-counter-pressing bracket, 441-second counter-pressing slide rail, 442-second counter-pressure slide, 451-first counter-pressure cylinder, 452-second counter-pressure cylinder, 453-third counter-pressure cylinder, 454-fourth counter-pressure cylinder, 455-fifth counter-pressure cylinder, 461-gasket transport block, 462-gasket counter-pressure column, 463-rivet counter-pressure column, 47-counter-pressure guide block, 471-counter-pressure guide groove, 48-third counter-pressure connecting plate, 5-assembling device, 51-third disc, 52-assembling bracket, 531-guide column, 532-guide block, 54-assembling column, 551-assembling first connecting plate, 552-assembling second connecting plate, 553-second assembling cylinder, 56-manipulator, 561-groove, 571-assembling slide, 572-assembling slide, 58-first assembling cylinder, 59-a third assembly cylinder, 6-a punching device, 61-a punching motor, 611-a first punching belt pulley, 612-a second punching belt pulley, 62-a punching support, 63-a discharge port, 631-a punching transmission shaft, 632-a punching eccentric wheel, 633-a punching transmission block, 64-a punching first connecting block, 651-a punching slide rail, 66-a punching column, 67-a punching second connecting block, 68-a punching cylinder, 7-a feeding workbench, 71-a material conveying slide block, 721-a handle first connecting plate, 722-a handle second connecting plate, 73-a material clamping sheet, 731-a handle support, 732-a pressing plate, 733-a material clamping cylinder, 741-a handle slide rail, 742-a handle slide block, 743-a handle cylinder, 8-a material clamping sheet, 81-hole, 9-finished product, 91-rivet, 92-gasket, 93-brush rod.
Detailed Description
The embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, which are not intended to limit the present invention, but are merely exemplary. While the advantages of the invention will be apparent and readily appreciated by the description.
With reference to the accompanying drawings: metal polish brush automatic production mechanism, including workstation 1, be located the fortune material device 2 of transporting pay-off workstation 7 about on the workstation 1, there is tablet 8 on the pay-off workstation 7, install punching device 3, the feed piece 8 that punches a hole for tablet 8 in proper order from a left side to the right side on the workstation 1 and press device 4, the assembly quality 5 of feed piece 8 assembly brush-holder stud 93 to pressing rivet 91 and gasket 92 and give the punching press 6 that the punching press of tablet 8 is finished product 9.
The material conveying device 2 comprises a material conveying slide rail 21, a screw rod 22, a material conveying motor 23, a first material conveying belt pulley 241 and a second material conveying belt pulley 242; fortune material slide rail 21 is installed on workstation 1, and lead screw 22 is installed between two fortune material slide rails 21 through the support 221 at both ends, and fortune material motor 23 is located workstation 1 side, and first fortune material belt pulley 241 is located the output of fortune material motor 23, and first fortune material belt pulley 241 is connected with second fortune material belt pulley 242 through the belt, and second fortune material belt pulley 242 is connected with lead screw 22.
The feeding workbench 7 comprises a material conveying sliding block 71, an upper handle first connecting plate 721, an upper handle second connecting plate 722 and a material clamping sheet 73; the material conveying sliding block 71 is mounted on the material conveying sliding rail 21, the upper handle first connecting plate 721 is mounted on the material conveying sliding block 71, the back face of the upper handle first connecting plate 721 is connected with the screw rod 22, an upper handle sliding rail 741 is arranged on the upper handle first connecting plate 721, the upper handle second connecting plate 722 can be mounted on the upper handle sliding rail 741 in a front-back sliding mode through the upper handle sliding block 742, an upper handle air cylinder 743 is mounted at the front end of the upper handle first connecting plate 721, an output shaft of the upper handle air cylinder 743 is connected with the upper handle second connecting plate 722, and the upper handle second connecting plate 722 is connected with the material clamping piece 73 through the upper handle support 731.
The punching device 3 comprises a punching bracket 31, a punching first connecting plate 321, a punching second connecting plate 322, a punching third connecting plate 323, a punching column 33 and a punching cushion block 36; the punching support 31 is mounted on the workbench 1, the punching first connecting plate 321 is mounted on the punching support 31, a punching slide rail 341 is arranged on the punching first connecting plate 321, the punching second connecting plate 322 is mounted on the punching slide rail 341 in a vertically sliding manner through a punching slide block 342, the punching cylinder 35 is mounted at the upper end of the punching first connecting plate 321 through a punching third connecting plate 323, an output shaft of the punching cylinder 35 is connected with the punching second connecting plate 322, and the punching column 33 is located at the lower end of the punching second connecting plate 322; the punching pad 36 is mounted on the worktable 1 and is positioned below the punching column 33.
The opposite pressing device 4 comprises a first disc 41 for transporting a gasket 92, a second disc 42 for transporting a rivet 91, a first opposite pressing connecting plate 43 positioned on the workbench 1, and an opposite pressing bracket 44 positioned on the workbench 1; the first counter-pressure connecting plate 43 is provided with a first counter-pressure slide rail 431, the second counter-pressure connecting plate 433 is arranged on the first counter-pressure slide rail 431 in a back-and-forth sliding manner through a first counter-pressure slide block 432, and an output shaft of a first counter-pressure cylinder 451 positioned on the first counter-pressure connecting plate 43 is connected with the second counter-pressure connecting plate 433; a second counter-pressure slide rail 441 is arranged on the second counter-pressure connecting plate 433, the second counter-pressure cylinder 452 is installed on the second counter-pressure slide rail 441 in a left-right sliding manner through the second counter-pressure slide block 442, a gasket conveying block 461 is arranged on a third counter-pressure cylinder 453, a gasket counter-pressure column 462 is installed on an output shaft of the third counter-pressure cylinder 453, and the gasket counter-pressure column 462 is located at the lower end of the gasket conveying block 461;
a butt-pressing guide block 47 is installed on the side surface of the butt-pressing bracket 44, a butt-pressing guide groove 471 is formed in the butt-pressing guide block 47, a third butt-pressing connection plate 48 can be installed in the butt-pressing guide block 47 in a back-and-forth movement mode, a fourth butt-pressing air cylinder 454 is located behind the butt-pressing guide block 47, an output shaft of the fourth butt-pressing air cylinder 454 is connected with the third butt-pressing connection plate 48, and an output shaft of a fifth butt-pressing air cylinder 455 penetrates through the third butt-pressing connection plate 48 to be connected with a rivet butt-pressing column 463;
the rivet pair pressing column 463 comprises two working positions in the work, wherein the rivet pair pressing column 463 sucks the rivet 91 conveyed from the second disc 42 in the first working position, and the rivet pair pressing column 463 is positioned right above the gasket conveying block 461 in the second working position;
the pad conveying block 461 includes two working positions, the first working position is that the pad conveying block 461 receives the pad 92 conveyed from the first disk 41, and the second working position is that the pad conveying block is positioned right below the rivet pressing column 463.
The assembling device 5 comprises a third disc 51 for transporting the brush rod 93, an assembling bracket 52 arranged on the workbench 1, a guide post 531 arranged on the assembling bracket 52, a guide block 532 sleeved on the guide post 531 and capable of sliding up and down, an assembling post 54 arranged at the lower end of the guide block 532, an assembling first connecting plate 551 arranged on the workbench 1, an assembling second connecting plate 552, a second assembling cylinder 553 arranged on the assembling second connecting plate 552, and a manipulator 56 capable of clamping the brush rod 93, wherein the output shaft of the second assembling cylinder 553 is connected with the manipulator 56; the assembly first connecting plate 551 is provided with an assembly slide rail 571, the assembly second connecting plate 552 is arranged on the assembly slide rail 571 in a back-and-forth sliding mode through an assembly slide block 572, the assembly first connecting plate 551 is provided with a first assembly cylinder 58, and an output shaft of the first assembly cylinder 58 is connected with the assembly second connecting plate 552; an output shaft of the third assembling cylinder 59 is connected with the bottom of the manipulator 56;
the robot 56 is operative to include two stations, a first station in which the robot 56 grips the brush bar 93 transported from the third tray 51, and a second station in which the robot 56 is located directly below the mounting post 54.
The punching device 6 comprises a punching motor 61 arranged on the side surface of the assembling bracket 52, a punching bracket 62 arranged on the assembling bracket 52 and a discharge port 63 arranged on the workbench 1; the output end of the punching motor 61 is provided with a first punching belt pulley 611, and the first punching belt pulley 611 is connected with a second punching belt pulley 612 positioned behind the punching bracket 62 through a belt; the second punching pulley 612 is connected with a punching eccentric 632 in front of the punching bracket 62 through a punching transmission shaft 631; the punching eccentric wheel 632 is connected with the punching first connecting block 64 through a punching transmission block 633, the punching first connecting block 64 is mounted on a punching slide rail 651 in front of the punching bracket 62 in a vertically sliding manner, and the lower end of the punching first connecting block 64 is provided with a punching column 66; the discharge opening 63 is connected to the output shaft of the ram cylinder 68 via a ram second connecting block 67.
The material clamping cylinder 733 is arranged on the material clamping piece 73, an output shaft of the material clamping cylinder 733 penetrates through the material clamping piece 73 to be connected with the pressing plate 732, and the material clamping cylinder 733 drives the pressing plate 732 to clamp the material piece 8.
Grooves 561 are formed in both clamps of the manipulator 56, so that the brush rod 93 can be clamped more tightly.
The first disc 41, the second disc 42 and the third disc 51 are disclosed in the fully automatic disc brush production line conveying device (application number: 200610018752.6) filed on 13.4.2006 by the same company.
The production process of the automatic production mechanism of the metal polishing brush comprises the following steps:
step 1: tightly fixing the material sheet 8 in the material clamping sheet 73 by a pressing plate 732;
step 2: the material conveying device 2 drives the feeding workbench 7 to move from left to right.
And step 3: when the material sheet 8 is positioned at the punching device 3, the output shaft of the punching cylinder 35 drives the punching column 33 to move downwards through the punching second connecting plate 322, and the punching column 33 punches a hole 81 on the material sheet 8 and then returns upwards;
and 4, step 4: when the material conveying device 2 drives the material sheet 8 on the feeding workbench 7 to move to the opposite pressing device 4, the gasket conveying block 461 moves to the outlet of the first disc 41 through the first opposite pressing cylinder 451 and the second opposite pressing cylinder 452, receives the gasket 92 conveyed out of the first disc 41, and then moves to the position right below the hole 81;
the rivet pair presser 463 moves to the outlet of the second disc 42 through the fourth pair presser cylinder 454, sucks the rivet 91 transported from the second disc 42, and then moves right above the hole 81;
the third pair of air cylinders 453 drives the gasket pair pressure post 462 to move upwards, the fifth pair of air cylinders 455 drives the rivet pair pressure post 463 to move downwards, the gasket 92 and the rivet 91 are pressed on the material sheet 8 at the position of the hole 81, then the third pair of air cylinders 453 drives the gasket pair pressure post 462 to return downwards, and the fifth pair of air cylinders 455 drives the rivet pair pressure post 463 to return upwards;
and 5: when the material conveying device 2 drives the material sheet 8 on the feeding workbench 7 to move to the assembling device 5, the first assembling cylinder 58 drives the mechanical arm 56 to move to the outlet of the third circular disc 51, the mechanical arm 56 clamps the brush rod 93, then the first assembling cylinder 58 retracts to drive the brush rod 93 on the mechanical arm 56 to be positioned right below the hole 81, the second assembling cylinder 553 and the third assembling cylinder 59 drive the mechanical arm 56 to move upwards to enable the brush rod 93 to be tightly attached to the material sheet 8, at the moment, the assembling column 54 moves downwards to punch the brush rod 93, the gasket 92 and the rivet 91 together, then the assembling column 54 returns upwards, and the mechanical arm 56 returns downwards;
step 6: when the material sheet 8 is positioned at the punching device 6, the output shaft of the punching cylinder 68 drives the discharge port 63 to move upwards, so that the discharge port 63 is tightly attached to the material sheet 8, the punching motor 61 drives the punching column 66 to move downwards, the finished product 9 is punched from the material sheet 8, the finished product 9 falls into a collecting bag from the discharge port 63, then the punching motor 61 drives the punching column 66 to return upwards, and the punching cylinder 68 drives the discharge port 63 to return downwards;
and 7: and repeating the steps 2-6 to finish the manufacture of a row of finished products 9, driving the feeding workbench 7 to return to the leftmost end by the material conveying device 2, driving the material clamping sheet 73 to move inwards by one station by the output shaft of the upper handle cylinder 743 extending out, and repeating the steps 2-6 to finish the processing of the whole material sheet 8.
Other parts not described belong to the prior art.

Claims (9)

1. Metal polish brush automatic production mechanism, its characterized in that: the automatic punching and assembling device comprises a workbench (1) and a material conveying device (2) which is positioned on the workbench (1) and used for conveying a feeding workbench (7) left and right, wherein a material sheet (8) is arranged on the feeding workbench (7), a punching device (3) for punching the material sheet (8), a pressing device (4) for pressing rivets (91) and gaskets (92) on the material sheet (8), an assembling device (5) for assembling brush rods (93) on the material sheet (8) and a punching device (6) for punching the material sheet (8) into a finished product (9) are sequentially arranged on the workbench (1) from left to right;
the opposite pressing device (4) comprises a first disc (41) for transporting a gasket (92), a second disc (42) for transporting a rivet (91), a first opposite pressing connecting plate (43) positioned on the workbench (1), and an opposite pressing support (44) positioned on the workbench (1); the first counter-pressure connecting plate (43) is provided with a first counter-pressure slide rail (431), the second counter-pressure connecting plate (433) can be arranged on the first counter-pressure slide rail (431) in a back-and-forth sliding mode through a first counter-pressure slide block (432), and an output shaft of a first counter-pressure cylinder (451) positioned on the first counter-pressure connecting plate (43) is connected with the second counter-pressure connecting plate (433); a second counter-pressure sliding rail (441) is arranged on the second counter-pressure connecting plate (433), a second counter-pressure cylinder (452) can be installed on the second counter-pressure sliding rail (441) in a left-right sliding mode through a second counter-pressure sliding block (442), a gasket conveying block (461) is arranged on a third counter-pressure cylinder (453), a gasket counter-pressure column (462) is installed on an output shaft of the third counter-pressure cylinder (453), and the gasket counter-pressure column (462) is located at the lower end of the gasket conveying block (461);
a butt-pressing guide block (47) is installed on the side face of the butt-pressing support (44), a butt-pressing guide groove (471) is formed in the butt-pressing guide block (47), a third butt-pressing connecting plate (48) can be installed in the butt-pressing guide block (47) in a back-and-forth movement mode, a fourth butt-pressing air cylinder (454) is located behind the butt-pressing guide block (47), an output shaft of the fourth butt-pressing air cylinder (454) is connected with the third butt-pressing connecting plate (48), and an output shaft of a fifth butt-pressing air cylinder (455) penetrates through the third butt-pressing connecting plate (48) and is connected with a rivet butt-pressing column (463);
the rivet pair pressure column (463) comprises two working positions in the work, the rivet pair pressure column (463) sucks the rivet (91) conveyed out of the second disc (42) in the first working position, and the rivet pair pressure column (463) is positioned right above the gasket conveying block (461) in the second working position;
the gasket conveying block (461) comprises two working positions in work, the gasket conveying block (461) receives the gasket (92) conveyed out of the first disc (41) in the first working position, and the gasket conveying block is located right below the rivet pressing column (463) in the second working position.
2. The automatic production mechanism of a metal polishing brush according to claim 1, characterized in that: the material conveying device (2) comprises a material conveying sliding rail (21), a screw rod (22), a material conveying motor (23), a first material conveying belt pulley (241) and a second material conveying belt pulley (242); fortune material slide rail (21) are installed on workstation (1), and support (221) at lead screw (22) through both ends are installed between two fortune material slide rails (21), and fortune material motor (23) are located workstation (1) side, and first fortune material belt pulley (241) are located the output of fortune material motor (23), and first fortune material belt pulley (241) are connected with second fortune material belt pulley (242) through the belt, and second fortune material belt pulley (242) are connected with lead screw (22).
3. The automatic production mechanism of a metal polishing brush according to claim 2, characterized in that: the feeding workbench (7) comprises a material conveying sliding block (71), an upper handle first connecting plate (721), an upper handle second connecting plate (722) and a material clamping sheet (73); the material conveying sliding block (71) is installed on the material conveying sliding rail (21), the first upper handle connecting plate (721) is installed on the material conveying sliding block (71), the back face of the first upper handle connecting plate (721) is connected with the screw rod (22), an upper handle sliding rail (741) is arranged on the first upper handle connecting plate (721), the second upper handle connecting plate (722) can be installed on the upper handle sliding rail (741) in a front-back sliding mode through the upper handle sliding block (742), the upper handle air cylinder (743) is installed at the front end of the first upper handle connecting plate (721), an output shaft of the upper handle air cylinder (743) is connected with the second upper handle connecting plate (722), and the second upper handle connecting plate (722) is connected with the material clamping piece (73) through the upper handle support (731).
4. The automatic production mechanism of a metal polishing brush according to claim 3, characterized in that: the punching device (3) comprises a punching bracket (31), a first punching connecting plate (321), a second punching connecting plate (322), a third punching connecting plate (323), a punching column (33) and a punching cushion block (36); the punching support (31) is mounted on the workbench (1), the punching first connecting plate (321) is mounted on the punching support (31), a punching slide rail (341) is arranged on the punching first connecting plate (321), the punching second connecting plate (322) is mounted on the punching slide rail (341) in a vertically sliding mode through the punching slide block (342), the punching cylinder (35) is mounted at the upper end of the punching first connecting plate (321) through the punching third connecting plate (323), an output shaft of the punching cylinder (35) is connected with the punching second connecting plate (322), and the punching column (33) is located at the lower end of the punching second connecting plate (322); the punching cushion block (36) is arranged on the workbench (1) and is positioned below the punching column (33).
5. The automatic production mechanism of a metal polishing brush according to claim 4, characterized in that: the assembling device (5) comprises a third disc (51) for transporting the brush rod (93), an assembling support (52) arranged on the workbench (1), a guide post (531) arranged on the assembling support (52), a guide block (532) sleeved on the guide post (531) and capable of sliding up and down, an assembling post (54) arranged at the lower end of the guide block (532), a first assembling connecting plate (551) arranged on the workbench (1), a second assembling connecting plate (552), a second assembling cylinder (553) positioned on the second assembling connecting plate (552), and an output shaft of the second assembling cylinder (553) is connected with a manipulator (56) capable of clamping the brush rod (93); an assembly sliding rail (571) is arranged on the assembly first connecting plate (551), the assembly second connecting plate (552) can be installed on the assembly sliding rail (571) in a front-back sliding mode through an assembly sliding block (572), a first assembly cylinder (58) is installed on the assembly first connecting plate (551), and an output shaft of the first assembly cylinder (58) is connected with the assembly second connecting plate (552); an output shaft of the third assembling cylinder (59) is connected with the bottom of the manipulator (56);
the manipulator (56) comprises two working positions in work, the first working position is that the manipulator (56) clamps the brush rod (93) conveyed out of the third disc (51), and the second working position is that the manipulator (56) is positioned right below the assembling column (54).
6. The automatic production mechanism of a metal polishing brush according to claim 5, characterized in that: the stamping device (6) comprises a stamping motor (61) arranged on the side surface of the assembling support (52), a stamping support (62) arranged on the assembling support (52) and a discharge opening (63) arranged on the workbench (1); the output end of the stamping motor (61) is provided with a first stamping belt pulley (611), and the first stamping belt pulley (611) is connected with a second stamping belt pulley (612) positioned behind the stamping bracket (62) through a belt; the second punching belt wheel (612) is connected with a punching eccentric wheel (632) in front of the punching bracket (62) through a punching transmission shaft (631); the punching eccentric wheel (632) is connected with the punching first connecting block (64) through a punching transmission block (633), the punching first connecting block (64) can be installed on a punching slide rail (651) in front of the punching bracket (62) in a vertically sliding mode, and a punching column (66) is arranged at the lower end of the punching first connecting block (64); the discharge opening (63) is connected with an output shaft of the stamping cylinder (68) through a stamping second connecting block (67).
7. The automatic production mechanism of a metal polishing brush according to claim 6, characterized in that: the material clamping cylinder (733) is arranged on the material clamping sheet (73), and an output shaft of the material clamping cylinder (733) penetrates through the material clamping sheet (73) to be connected with the pressing plate (732).
8. The automatic production mechanism of a metal polishing brush according to claim 7, characterized in that: grooves (561) are formed in the two clamps of the manipulator (56).
9. The method for producing an automatic mechanism for producing a metal polishing brush according to claim 8, comprising the steps of:
step 1: tightly fixing the material sheet (8) in the material clamping sheet (73) through a pressing plate (732);
step 2: the material conveying device (2) drives the feeding workbench (7) to move from left to right;
and step 3: when the material piece (8) is positioned at the punching device (3), the output shaft of the punching cylinder (35) drives the punching column (33) to move downwards through the punching second connecting plate (322), and the punching column (33) punches a hole (81) in the material piece (8) and then returns upwards;
and 4, step 4: when the material conveying device (2) drives the material sheet (8) on the feeding workbench (7) to move to the opposite pressing device (4), the gasket conveying block (461) moves to an outlet of the first disc (41) through the first opposite pressing air cylinder (451) and the second opposite pressing air cylinder (452), receives the gasket (92) conveyed out of the first disc (41), and then moves to the position right below the hole (81);
the rivet pair pressing post (463) moves to the outlet of the second disc (42) through the fourth pair of pressing cylinders (454), sucks the rivet (91) conveyed from the second disc (42), and then moves to the position right above the hole (81);
the third pair of air cylinders (453) drives the gasket pair pressure columns (462) to move upwards, the fifth pair of air cylinders (455) drives the rivets pair pressure columns (463) to move downwards, the gaskets (92) and the rivets (91) are pressed on the material sheets (8) at the positions of the holes (81), then the third pair of air cylinders (453) drives the gasket pair pressure columns (462) to return downwards, and the fifth pair of air cylinders (455) drives the rivets pair pressure columns (463) to return upwards;
and 5: when the material conveying device (2) drives the material sheet (8) on the feeding workbench (7) to move to the assembling device (5), the first assembling cylinder (58) drives the mechanical arm (56) to move to an outlet of the third disc (51), the mechanical arm (56) clamps the brush rod (93), then the first assembling cylinder (58) retracts to drive the brush rod (93) on the mechanical arm (56) to be located right below the hole (81), the second assembling cylinder (553) and the third assembling cylinder (59) drive the mechanical arm (56) to move upwards to enable the brush rod (93) to be tightly attached to the material sheet (8), at the moment, the assembling column (54) moves downwards to punch the brush rod (93), the gasket (92) and the rivet (91) together, then the assembling column (54) returns upwards, and the mechanical arm (56) returns downwards;
step 6: when the material sheet (8) is positioned at the punching device (6), an output shaft of the punching cylinder (68) drives the discharge opening (63) to move upwards, so that the discharge opening (63) is tightly attached to the material sheet (8), the punching motor (61) drives the punching column (66) to move downwards, a finished product (9) is punched from the material sheet (8), the finished product (9) falls into a collecting bag from the discharge opening (63), then the punching motor (61) drives the punching column (66) to return upwards, and the punching cylinder (68) drives the discharge opening (63) to return downwards;
and 7: and repeating the step 2 to the step 6 to finish the manufacture of a row of finished products (9), driving the feeding workbench (7) to return to the leftmost end by the material conveying device (2), extending out the output shaft of the upper handle cylinder (743), driving the material clamping sheet (73) to move inwards for one station, repeating the step 2 to the step 6, and finishing the processing of the whole material sheet (8).
CN201910112974.1A 2019-02-13 2019-02-13 Automatic production mechanism and production process of metal polishing brush Active CN109807228B (en)

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CN111671231B (en) * 2020-06-22 2022-02-08 湖北智丰数控机械有限公司 Full-automatic production line of hair dyeing brush
CN111906232A (en) * 2020-07-30 2020-11-10 姚丙善 Aluminum alloy machining device for stably installing rivets
CN111922278B (en) * 2020-08-13 2022-01-14 哈尔滨电机厂有限责任公司 Process method for riveting fan blades of collector ring fan of generator rotor

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