CN109758626A - A kind of Respiratory Medicine expectoration device - Google Patents

A kind of Respiratory Medicine expectoration device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109758626A
CN109758626A CN201910162284.7A CN201910162284A CN109758626A CN 109758626 A CN109758626 A CN 109758626A CN 201910162284 A CN201910162284 A CN 201910162284A CN 109758626 A CN109758626 A CN 109758626A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sputum
oxygen
medicine
catheter
aspirator tube
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Pending
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CN201910162284.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
魏国敏
郭光红
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201910162284.7A priority Critical patent/CN109758626A/en
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Abstract

A kind of Respiratory Medicine expectoration device, including sputum aspirator tube, catheter connecting joint, control panel, apparatus of oxygen supply, collection sputum device and drug delivery device, sputum aspirator tube top is hemispherical design and is equipped with miniature webcam, it is equipped with oxygen spout around miniature webcam, annular suction sputum mouth and annular medical fluid spout are respectively equipped on the downside of oxygen spout.Sputum channel socket, oxygen channel socket, medicine liquid channel socket and the video electrical wire channel socket of sputum aspirator tube bottom end are connect with the sputum passage plug at the end A of catheter connecting joint, oxygen channel plug, medicine liquid channel plug and video electrical wire passage plug respectively, sputum conduit connector, oxygen catheter connector and the liquid medicine catheter connector at the end B of catheter connecting joint are connect with sputum conduit, oxygen catheter and medicine-introducing pipe respectively, and oxygen catheter, sputum conduit and medicine-introducing pipe are connect with apparatus of oxygen supply, collection sputum device and drug delivery device respectively.Be conducive to promote sputum exclusion efficiency, increase topical therapeutic effect.

Description

A kind of Respiratory Medicine expectoration device
Technical field
It is specifically a kind of to be used for respiratory tract expectoration device the present invention relates to field of medical appliances.
Background technique
Phlegm be it is a kind of by many at the substance being grouped as, its high content liquid is knot of the epithelium to ion and Spinal Cord Oedema Fruit, and its macromolecular is mainly derived from the leakage of blood or the product of merocrine secretion's cell.When respiratory tract is inflamed lesion When, the ingredient of respiratory tract fluid will change, and form sputum.It is various comprising mucus, foreign matter, pathogenic microorganism in sputum The ingredients such as the mucomembranous epithelial cell that inflammatory cell and necrosis fall off.When phlegm is when throat saves bit by bit excessive, exhaling for patient will affect Smoothness is inhaled, it is serious to may cause patient's death by suffocation.
Currently, being purged to sputum in patient's trachea is all manually to insert a device into patient's by manual type In respiratory tract, the phlegm in respiratory tract is sucked out by suction function, to achieve the purpose that eliminating phlegm.The upper respiratory tract after patient's intubation The miopragia of " fibre swing ", normal cough mechanism are destroyed, and endotracheal suction (ets) can remove the various of respiratory tract generation Secretion.But if inhaling-conveying mode is improper, in addition to may cause airway mucus damage, bronchial asthma is induced.Meanwhile by Airway resistance increases after being inserted into sputum aspirator tube in conduit, causes to ventilate insufficient, so that intrapulmonary ventilatory capacity can be reduced, leads to lung not , and anoxic may be aggravated.
Application No. is 201621417306.8 utility model patents to disclose a kind of airway mucociliary clearance device, packet Include: sleeve, one end of sleeve are arranged the circle of stinging for being used to support upper and lower jaw, and the other end of sleeve is connect with one end of absorption conduit, Also, the other end for adsorbing conduit is equipped with cleaning head, and the free end of cleaning head is arc surfaced, also, in the free end of cleaning head Portion is equipped with sucker, and the side wall of cleaning head is equipped with several auxiliary suckers;And push rod, one end of push rod are protruded into from one end of sleeve It can slide in sleeve and in sleeve, push rod is set to one end in sleeve and is equipped with for the inner wall sliding of push rod and sleeve is close The sealing ring of envelope.Airway mucociliary clearance device provided in the present invention, by sucker on cleaning head and auxiliary sucker setting, Can effective suction sputum, the design of above-mentioned cleaning head have the effect of remaining sputum it is less, drainage it is unobstructed;Meanwhile it being stung in the present invention The design of circle can effectively support the upper and lower jaw of patient, facilitate the use of operator.The device is carrying out absorption sputum to patient When, frequently can lead to the anoxic of patient's short time, thus induce patient generate cough, asphyxia phenomena such as, the patent to this not There is consideration thorough, there are some potential safety problemss in use.Application No. is 201320746060.9 patents of invention Disclose a kind of sputum aspirator comprising: the first chamber being open with first and the sputum aspirator tube being connected with first chamber Road, the end of suction sputum pipeline offer the first suction sputum mouth, sputum aspirator further include the second chamber being arranged side by side with first chamber, And the oxygen therapy pipeline being connected with second chamber, the end for curing by oxygen therapy pipeline offer the first oxygen therapy mouth, the side wall of second chamber On be also communicated with inlet suction port.Sputum aspirator of the invention avoids anoxic in air flue caused by the negative pressure of suction sputum simultaneously, behaviour The problems such as work is simple, low in cost, can be effectively solved the atelectasis that may cause during suction sputum, anoxic.The patent exists Increase apparatus of oxygen supply in design, but there are certain deficiencies in design for the more obstinate sputum device, no Can be disposably by obstinate sputum clearance, there are certain defects in design.Application No. is 201520254447.1 hairs It is bright to disclose a kind of sputum aspirator, including suction unit, liquid collector, its main feature is that the suction unit includes air bag, the collection Liquid device includes liquid-collecting bottle, and connector is provided on the air bag, and outgassing nonreturn valve, the liquid collecting are provided on the connector Bottle includes bottle cap, is provided with interface on the bottle cap, sucking check valve is provided on the interface, suction is provided on the bottle cap Incoming interface, the inhalation interface connect sputum aspirator tube;Interface on the bottle cap is located at Bottle cap top;The end of the sputum aspirator tube is set It is equipped with hole, the end of sputum aspirator tube is provided with hole, effectively prevent sputum aspirator tube that the respiratory tract of patient is sucked;The interface and connector it Between pass through connecting tube connect;The present invention provides a kind of sputum aspirator, its main feature is that simple structure, being easy to use quick, have Effect assists newborn, the elderly, respiratory disease patient expectoration.The device in use equally can there are allow patient to stop up The danger of breath, there are certain defects in design.
Generally speaking, there is not a reliable device at present, not only can smoothly take out sputum but also patient is not generated Other influences, and the drug for the treatment of can be applied to the region for generating sputum.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of Respiratory Medicine expectoration device, may be implemented pair by designing expectoration device Sputum amount and viscosity in respiratory tract detect in advance, take different removing sides from viscosity for different sputum amounts Method is reduced due to taking phlegm bring inadaptable.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of Respiratory Medicine expectoration device, including inhales Phlegm pipe, catheter connecting joint, control panel, apparatus of oxygen supply, collection sputum device and drug delivery device.Sputum aspirator tube top is hemispherical design And it is equipped with miniature webcam, the position of sputum in respiratory tract can be accurately positioned by miniature webcam, and can determine phlegm Liquid measure and viscosity are equipped with oxygen spout around miniature webcam, can supply oxygen to patient's body, avoid the occurrence of anoxia asphyxia and endanger Danger, oxygen spout downside are equipped with annular suction sputum mouth, and the sputum in patient's organ is excreted by suction sputum mouth, set on the downside of suction sputum mouth There is annular medical fluid spout, medical fluid spout can carry out spray dilution to obstinate sputum, and the drug for the treatment of is passed through liquid medicine jet Mouth is sprayed onto the position that patient generates sputum, reduces the frequency that sputum occurs.The bottom end of sputum aspirator tube and the end A of catheter connecting joint connect It connects, the bottom end of sputum aspirator tube is equipped with sputum channel socket, oxygen channel socket, medicine liquid channel socket and video electrical wire channel and inserts Mouthful, it is electric with sputum passage plug, oxygen channel plug, medicine liquid channel plug and the video on the end A of catheter connecting joint respectively The connection of line passage plug avoids mistake occur in connection procedure, it can be achieved that connect one to one.The end B of catheter connecting joint indicates 1,2,3 printed words, respectively sputum conduit connector, oxygen catheter connector and liquid medicine catheter connector, and respectively with Sputum conduit, oxygen catheter, medicine-introducing pipe connection.
Oxygen catheter is connect with apparatus of oxygen supply, and apparatus of oxygen supply includes oxygen cylinder, oxygen electrically-controlled valve and oxygen humidifier, is supplied Oxygen device conveys oxygen to patient, and oxygen electrically-controlled valve is connect by conducting wire with control panel.Sputum conduit is connect with collection sputum device, Collection sputum device includes that negative pressure pump, connecting conduit and collection sputum bottle, sputum are entered under the action of negative pressure pump by sputum conduit With in graduated collection sputum bottle, negative pressure pump is connect by conducting wire with control panel.Medicine-introducing pipe is connect with drug delivery device, drug delivery device Including micrometeor syringe propeller and Transfusion needle pipe, medicament is stored in Transfusion needle pipe, for the sputum of different viscosityes, is adjusted Section micrometeor syringe propeller can provide different flow, achieve the purpose that accurate eliminating phlegm, micrometeor syringe propeller passes through Conducting wire is connect with control panel.Miniature webcam is connect by video conducting wire with display, and the image of sputum in respiratory tract is obtained, Further judge sputum amount and viscosity.
The invention has the following advantages:
1. being equipped with oxygen spout at the top of expectoration device, oxygen is provided to patient during eliminating phlegm, is avoided the occurrence of in eliminating phlegm When patient occur asphyxiation hazard.
2. setting miniature webcam at the top of expectoration device, sputum amount in patient respiration road and viscosity realization can accurately be sentenced It is disconnected, accurate eliminating phlegm is carried out to patient for different sputum amount and viscosity.
3. the tonic mouth on expectoration device can be diluted phlegm obstinate in respiratory tract, the viscosity of sputum is reduced, easily It is separated from respiratory tract in sputum, further increases eliminating phlegm effect.
4. oxygen supply, negative pressure pump and micrometeor syringe propeller are connect with control panel, pass through control panel pair The flow that oxygen supply, negative pressure pump pressure size and micrometeor syringe propeller provide is controlled, and can reach accurate clear Except sputum and the purpose of local treatment.
5. the design of catheter connecting joint is conducive to the connection between sputum aspirator tube and other connecting tubes, and facilitate it is right after expectoration Sputum aspirator tube and other connecting tube disinfection and sterilizations.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of structure chart of Respiratory Medicine expectoration device of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of main view of Respiratory Medicine expectoration device sputum aspirator tube of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a kind of left view of Respiratory Medicine expectoration device sputum aspirator tube of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is a kind of right view of Respiratory Medicine expectoration device sputum aspirator tube of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is a kind of Respiratory Medicine expectoration device sputum aspirator tube A-A sectional view of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is a kind of perspective view of Respiratory Medicine expectoration device catheter connecting joint of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is a kind of left view of Respiratory Medicine expectoration device catheter connecting joint of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is a kind of right view of Respiratory Medicine expectoration device catheter connecting joint of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is a kind of Respiratory Medicine expectoration apparatus control system schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 10 is a kind of Respiratory Medicine expectoration device work flow diagram of the present invention.
In figure, 1. sputum aspirator tubes, 2. catheter connecting joints, 3. sputum conduits, 4. oxygen catheters, 5. oxygen humidifiers, 6. oxygen Electrically-controlled valve, 7. oxygen cylinders, 8. collection sputum bottles, 9. negative pressure pumps, 10. display screens, 11. control panels, 12. Transfusion needle pipes, 13. miniflows Amount syringe propeller, 14. medicine-introducing pipes, 15. video conducting wires, 16. connecting conduits, 101. sputum channel sockets, 102. oxygen are logical Road socket, 103. medicine liquid channel sockets, 104. video electrical wire channel sockets, 105. oxygen spouts, 106. suction sputum mouths, 107. medicines Liquid spout, 108. miniature webcams, 201. sputum passage plugs, 202. oxygen channel plugs, 203. medicine liquid channel plugs, 204. Video channel plug, 205. sputum conduit connectors, 206. oxygen catheter connectors, 207. liquid medicine catheter connectors, 208. views Frequency conducting wire connector.
Specific embodiment
In conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the present invention is further explained in detail.
As shown in figs 1-9, a kind of Respiratory Medicine expectoration device, including sputum aspirator tube 1, catheter connecting joint 2, control panel 11, apparatus of oxygen supply, collection sputum device and drug delivery device.Hemispherical design is in 1 top of sputum aspirator tube and is equipped with miniature webcam 108, The position of sputum in respiratory tract can be accurately positioned by miniature webcam 108, be equipped with oxygen spout around miniature webcam 108 105, annular suction sputum mouth 106 is equipped on the downside of oxygen spout 105, the sputum in patient's organ is excreted by suction sputum mouth 106, inhaled Annular medical fluid spout 107 is equipped on the downside of phlegm mouth 106, medical fluid spout 107 can be diluted obstinate sputum, and by treatment Drug is sprayed onto the position that patient generates sputum by medical fluid spout 107.The bottom end of sputum aspirator tube 1 and the end A of catheter connecting joint 2 connect It connects, the bottom end of sputum aspirator tube 1 is equipped with sputum channel socket 101, oxygen channel socket 102, medicine liquid channel socket 103 and video electricity Line passage socket 104, respectively with the sputum passage plug 201 on the end A of catheter connecting joint 2, oxygen channel plug 202, medical fluid Passage plug 203 and video electrical wire passage plug 204 connect, and realization connects one to one.The end B of catheter connecting joint 2 indicates 1,2,3 printed words, respectively sputum conduit connector 205, oxygen catheter connector 206 and liquid medicine catheter connector 207, and And it is connect respectively with sputum conduit 3, oxygen catheter 4 and medicine-introducing pipe 14.
Oxygen catheter 4 is connect with apparatus of oxygen supply, and apparatus of oxygen supply includes oxygen cylinder 7, oxygen electrically-controlled valve 6 and oxygen humidifier 5, apparatus of oxygen supply conveys oxygen to patient, and oxygen electrically-controlled valve 6 is connect by conducting wire with control panel 11.Sputum conduit 3 and collection phlegm Device connection, collection sputum device include that negative pressure pump 9, connecting conduit 16 and collection sputum bottle 8, sputum pass through under the action of negative pressure pump 9 Sputum conduit 3 is entered in graduated collection sputum bottle 8, and negative pressure pump 9 is connect by conducting wire with control panel 11.Medicine-introducing pipe 14 It is connect with drug delivery device, drug delivery device includes micrometeor syringe propeller 13 and Transfusion needle pipe 12, is stored up in Transfusion needle pipe 12 Medicament is deposited, for the sputum of different viscosityes, adjusting micrometeor syringe propeller 13 can provide different flow, micrometeor injection Device propeller 13 is connect by conducting wire with control panel 11.Miniature webcam 108 is connected by video conducting wire 15 and display 10 It connects, obtains the image of sputum in respiratory tract.
A kind of course of work of Respiratory Medicine expectoration device are as follows:
Sputum aspirator tube 1 is connect with the end A of catheter connecting joint 2;The end B of catheter connecting joint 2 respectively with oxygen catheter 4, sputum Conduit 3, medicine-introducing pipe 14 and video conducting wire 15 connect;Oxygen electrically-controlled valve 6 and micrometeor syringe propeller 13 are opened, to suction Phlegm pipe 1 is passed through oxygen and makes sputum aspirator tube 1 full of medical fluid;Medication delivery systems are closed, sputum aspirator tube 1 is deep into from the oral cavity of patient and is exhaled It inhales in road;The tool to sputum in respiratory tract is accurately positioned by the miniature webcam 108 of 1 front end of sputum aspirator tube for opening display 10 Body position;Detect sputum amount and the viscosity of sputum in respiratory tract.
When amount of expectoration is less, viscosity is low, suitable negative pressure can directly be set to negative pressure pump 9 by control panel 11 Value, starts negative pressure pump 9, and sputum aspirator tube 1 draws the sputum in respiratory tract;When amount of expectoration is more, viscosity is high, pass through control Panel 11 sets the loading amount of micrometeor syringe propeller 13, starts medication delivery systems, and drug is sprayed by medical fluid spout 107, Sputum is diluted;Suitable negative pressure value is set by control panel 11, starts negative pressure pump 9, sputum aspirator tube 1 is in respiratory tract Sputum is drawn.
Expectoration result is checked by miniature webcam 108, when sputum clearance is clean, device is closed and takes out suction Phlegm pipe 1;When sputum clearance is not clean, then sputum amount, the viscosity in respiratory tract are detected again, recirculates behaviour Make.
The present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiments, anyone should learn that the structure made under the inspiration of the present invention becomes Change, the technical schemes that are same or similar to the present invention are fallen within the scope of protection of the present invention.
Technology not described in detail in the present invention, shape, construction portion are well-known technique.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of Respiratory Medicine expectoration device, characterized in that including sputum aspirator tube, catheter connecting joint, control panel, oxygen supply dress It sets, collect sputum device and drug delivery device, the sputum aspirator tube top is hemispherical design and is equipped with miniature webcam, described miniature to take the photograph It is connect as head passes through video conducting wire with display, oxygen spout, the oxygen spout downside is equipped with around the miniature webcam Annular medical fluid spout is equipped with equipped with annular suction sputum mouth, on the downside of the suction sputum mouth, the catheter connecting joint is divided into two end faces A, B.
2. a kind of Respiratory Medicine expectoration device according to claim 1, characterized in that the sputum aspirator tube bottom end is equipped with sputum Channel socket, oxygen channel socket, medicine liquid channel socket and video electrical wire channel socket, the sputum aspirator tube bottom end and conduit connect The end A of connector connects.
3. a kind of Respiratory Medicine expectoration device according to claim 2, characterized in that the end A of the catheter connecting joint is set There are sputum passage plug, oxygen channel plug, medicine liquid channel plug and video electrical wire passage plug, the sputum channel is inserted Head, oxygen channel plug, medicine liquid channel plug and video electrical wire passage plug are equipped with sputum channel with sputum aspirator tube bottom end respectively Socket, oxygen channel socket, medicine liquid channel socket and the connection of video electrical wire channel socket.
4. a kind of Respiratory Medicine expectoration device according to claim 1, characterized in that the end B of the catheter connecting joint is set There are 1,2,3 printed words, respectively sputum conduit connector, oxygen catheter connector and liquid medicine catheter connector, the sputum Conduit connector, oxygen catheter connector and liquid medicine catheter connector respectively with sputum conduit, oxygen catheter and medicine-introducing pipe Connection.
5. a kind of Respiratory Medicine expectoration device according to claim 4, characterized in that the oxygen catheter and apparatus of oxygen supply Connection, the apparatus of oxygen supply includes oxygen cylinder, oxygen electrically-controlled valve and oxygen humidifier.
6. a kind of Respiratory Medicine expectoration device according to claim 4 or 5, characterized in that the sputum conduit and collection phlegm Device connection, the collection sputum device include negative pressure pump, connecting conduit and collection sputum bottle.
7. a kind of Respiratory Medicine expectoration device according to claim 6, characterized in that the medicine-introducing pipe and drug delivery device connect It connects, the drug delivery device includes micrometeor syringe propeller and Transfusion needle pipe.
8. a kind of Respiratory Medicine expectoration device according to claim 7, characterized in that the oxygen electrically-controlled valve, negative pressure pump And micrometeor syringe propeller is connect by conducting wire with control panel.
9. a kind of Respiratory Medicine expectoration device according to claim 8, characterized in that operating procedure is as follows:
By the end A of sputum aspirator tube and catheter connecting joint connect, the end B of catheter connecting joint respectively with oxygen supply conduit, sputum conduit, lead medicine Pipe and the connection of video conducting wire, open oxygen electrically-controlled valve and micrometeor syringe propeller, to sputum aspirator tube be passed through oxygen and Make sputum aspirator tube full of medical fluid, close medication delivery systems, sputum aspirator tube is deep into respiratory tract from the oral cavity of patient, opening display, The specific location to sputum in respiratory tract is accurately positioned by the miniature webcam of sputum aspirator tube front end, detects sputum amount in respiratory tract And the viscosity of sputum;
When amount of expectoration is less, viscosity is low, suitable negative pressure value can be directly set to negative pressure pump by control panel, starting is negative Press pump, sputum aspirator tube draw the sputum in respiratory tract;When amount of expectoration is more, viscosity is high, set by control panel micro- The loading amount of flow injection device propeller starts medication delivery systems, and drug is sprayed by medical fluid spout, is diluted to sputum, leads to It crosses control panel and sets suitable negative pressure value, start negative pressure pump, sputum aspirator tube draws the sputum in respiratory tract;
Expectoration result is checked by miniature webcam, when sputum clearance is clean, device is closed and takes out sputum aspirator tube;When When sputum clearance is not clean, then sputum amount, the viscosity in respiratory tract are detected again, recirculates operation.
CN201910162284.7A 2019-03-05 2019-03-05 A kind of Respiratory Medicine expectoration device Pending CN109758626A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110559492A (en) * 2019-09-18 2019-12-13 郑州大学第一附属医院 Sputum clearing device and method for department of respiration
CN112826991A (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-05-25 陇东学院 Multi-functional phlegm suction device of nursing internal medicine
CN112932938A (en) * 2021-04-02 2021-06-11 深圳市安保科技有限公司 Sputum excretion equipment
CN112957544A (en) * 2021-02-02 2021-06-15 张爱莲 Paediatrics clinical hand-held type throat sputum absorbs subassembly
CN114129797A (en) * 2021-12-30 2022-03-04 牡丹江医学院 Dedicated visual phlegm equipment of inhaling of paediatrics

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110559492A (en) * 2019-09-18 2019-12-13 郑州大学第一附属医院 Sputum clearing device and method for department of respiration
CN112826991A (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-05-25 陇东学院 Multi-functional phlegm suction device of nursing internal medicine
CN112957544A (en) * 2021-02-02 2021-06-15 张爱莲 Paediatrics clinical hand-held type throat sputum absorbs subassembly
CN112932938A (en) * 2021-04-02 2021-06-11 深圳市安保科技有限公司 Sputum excretion equipment
CN114129797A (en) * 2021-12-30 2022-03-04 牡丹江医学院 Dedicated visual phlegm equipment of inhaling of paediatrics

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Application publication date: 20190517