CN206499737U - Novel ultrasonic is atomized sputum aspirator - Google Patents

Novel ultrasonic is atomized sputum aspirator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206499737U
CN206499737U CN201621169526.3U CN201621169526U CN206499737U CN 206499737 U CN206499737 U CN 206499737U CN 201621169526 U CN201621169526 U CN 201621169526U CN 206499737 U CN206499737 U CN 206499737U
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tube
sputum
sputum aspirator
opening
negative pressure
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CN201621169526.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李朝军
罗向红
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Shanghai First Peoples Hospital
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Shanghai First Peoples Hospital
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Abstract

The utility model is related to a kind of novel ultrasonic atomization sputum aspirator, and described ultrasonic atomizatio sputum aspirator includes sputum aspirator tube, sputum bottle, negative pressure bottle, negative pressure control apparatus, ultrasonic atomizer, thermostat, base;The distal end of the sputum aspirator tube is arc shape structure;Described sputum aspirator tube includes inner and outer tubes;Described inner tube is provided with the first side opening;The outer tube is provided with the second side opening;First side opening and the second side opening mutually stagger in axial location;The line that first side opening and the second side opening are cross-linked is in spiral distribution.A kind of novel ultrasonic atomization sputum aspirator of the present utility model, can reduce damage tunica mucosa tracheae, can plastotype, different airflow direction suction sputums can be carried out, can be atomized by ultrasound and humidifying processing, many latter problems of existing equipment can be fully solved, such as:Tunica mucosa tracheae damage, atelectasis, bronchial spasm, hypoxemia, infection, artificial airway's blocking and suction sputum blockage etc..

Description

Novel ultrasonic is atomized sputum aspirator
Technical field
The utility model is related to technical field of medical instruments, specifically, is a kind of novel ultrasonic atomization sputum aspirator.
Background technology
Suction sputum is a conventional technology that respiratory smooth is kept when giving emergency treatment to a patient, and respiratory secretions is suctioned out, with Keep respiratory passage unblocked, prevention aspiration pneumonia, expiratory dyspnea, or even asphyxia.Suitable for being after critical, old, stupor, anesthesia Clear-headed person, causing can not be by sputum expectoration.
Commonly used in the prior art is that sputum aspirator is a straight sputum aspirator tube, external connecting negative pressure device composition.Inhaled when using At phlegm pipe insertion person's windpipe position, then suction sputum is carried out using negative pressure.However, having the following disadvantages and lacking in actual use Fall into.
First, sputum aspirator tube of the prior art is straight sputum aspirator tube, does not meet human dissection physiological structure, person's windpipe exists Distribution is reverse Y-shaped below throat, its straight sputum aspirator tube easily contradicts the meet in two tracheaes when inserting, and causes suction sputum to be lost Lose.The diameter and shape of straight sputum aspirator tube are fixed, in order to fully suction out sputum, the chi of its straight sputum aspirator tube Very little design is designed according to tracheae size, and inner surface of trachea mucous membrane is easily damaged when in use.
Secondly, the airflow direction of the vacuum suction of sputum aspirator of the prior art is unidirectional, its one-way gas flow suction sputum Effect is insufficient, is mixed because sputum contains many kinds of substance, in tacky state, has adhesion strength to respiratory tract inwall, right In the sputum that adhesion strength is larger, sputum can not then be suctioned out by unidirectional airstream suction.
In addition, sputum aspirator of the prior art is only that can attract the sputum in front of sputum aspirator tube, and for positioned at suction Sputum on the wall of phlegm pipe side, then can not suction out, moreover, suction sputum is a dynamic process in itself, even the phlegm in front of sputum aspirator tube Liquid, because under suction function, on the direction for being moved to sputum aspirator tube side wall so that sputum can not be suctioned out, adding the difficulty of suction sputum.
Furthermore, sputum aspirator, is not diluted the operation of atomization to sputum in the prior art, easily causes blocking, plus There is temperature difference, cause the miopragia of " fibre swing " on inner surface of trachea, easily cause tracheospasm and atelectasis etc. Complication.
In summary, there is adverse consequences, such as tunica mucosa tracheae damage, atelectasis, branch gas during suction sputum in existing equipment Pipe spasm, hypoxemia, infection, artificial airway's blocking and suction sputum blockage etc..Need badly one kind can reduce damage tunica mucosa tracheae, Can plastotype, can carry out different airflow direction suction sputums, can by ultrasound be atomized and humidifying handle novel ultrasonic atomization suction Sputum device.And yet there are no report on this novel ultrasonic atomization sputum aspirator.
The content of the invention
The purpose of this utility model be for it is of the prior art it is not enough there is provided one kind reduce damage tunica mucosa tracheae, can Plastotype, can carry out different airflow direction suction sputums, can by ultrasound be atomized and humidifying handle novel ultrasonic be atomized suction sputum dress Put.
To achieve the above object, the utility model is adopted the technical scheme that:
A kind of novel ultrasonic is atomized sputum aspirator, and described ultrasonic atomizatio sputum aspirator includes sputum aspirator tube, sputum bottle, negative pressure Bottle, negative pressure control apparatus, ultrasonic atomizer, thermostat, base;Described thermostat is built in ultrasonic atomizer;Described Negtive-pressure implement built in negative pressure control apparatus and positive depressor;Interface connection of the negtive-pressure implement through the first plastic tube and negative pressure bottle; Another interface of the negative pressure bottle is set up with sputum bottle through the second plastic tube and is connected;Another adapter of sputum bottle is through the The inner tube of three plastic tubes and sputum aspirator tube sets up connection;An interface of the positive depressor through the 4th plastic tube and ultrasonic atomizer is built Vertical connection;Outer tube of another interface of described ultrasonic atomizer through the 5th plastic tube and sputum aspirator tube sets up connection;It is described to inhale The distal end of phlegm pipe is arc shape structure;Described sputum aspirator tube includes inner and outer tubes;Described inner tube is provided with the first side opening;Institute Outer tube is stated provided with the second side opening;First side opening and the second side opening mutually stagger in axial location;The first side opening edge Outer wall of inner tube setting in spiral distribution;Second side opening is set along outer tube outer wall is in spiral distribution;First side opening The line being cross-linked with the second side opening is in spiral distribution.
Preferably, the cross section of described outer tube is arc, and the outer tube is close on outer wall of inner tube by crimping technique.
Preferably, the quantity of described outer tube is at least one.
Preferably, first side opening and the second side opening are shaped to circular, ellipse, oval.
Preferably, the outer tube is formed using soft material manufacture.
Preferably, described base includes bottom plate and handrail, and four angles of bottom plate are provided with universal wheel, the end face of bottom plate Provided with door font handrail;Sputum bottle, negative pressure bottle, negative pressure control apparatus, ultrasonic atomizer are put on the bottom plate;Described sputum Bottle and negative pressure bottle are located at the front side of ultrasonic negative pressure control device;Described ultrasonic atomizer is located at the right side of negative pressure control apparatus Side.
Preferably, sputum aspirator tube is divided into bending section straight portion, and the axis of bending section is 30-60 with the axis angle in straight portion Degree, the length of bending section is 8-12mm.
The utility model advantage is:
1st, a kind of novel ultrasonic atomization sputum aspirator of the present utility model, can reduce damage tunica mucosa tracheae, can plastotype, Different airflow direction suction sputums can be carried out, can be atomized by ultrasound and humidifying processing, many of existing equipment can be fully solved Latter problem, such as:Tunica mucosa tracheae damage, atelectasis, bronchial spasm, hypoxemia, infection, artificial airway block and suction sputum Blockage etc.;
2nd, sputum aspirator tube, which includes being formed in malleation air-flow, inner tube in outer tube and inner tube, outer tube, forms negative-pressure air-flow, its positive pressure gas Stream and negative-pressure air-flow go out to be formed eddy current type circulation in sputum, and eddy current type suction sputum is carried out to sputum, and suction sputum effect is abundant, thoroughly;
3rd, the second side opening mutually staggers in axial location on the first side opening and outer tube in inner tube, and the first side opening and second The line that side opening is cross-linked is in spiral distribution, and the malleation air-flow in inner tube in negative-pressure air-flow and outer tube forms spiral circulation, Spiral suction sputum is carried out to sputum, the sputum on suction sputum tube wall can be effectively suctioned out;
4th, the distal end of sputum aspirator tube is set to meeting arcuate structure, and the arcuate structure is the physiological anatomic architecture with reference to person's windpipe And design, sputum aspirator tube can be avoided to contradict the intersection in two tracheaes when inserting;
5th, sputum aspirator tube includes inner and outer tubes, is double-deck structure type, and outer tube uses soft material manufacture to form, Plastotype can be inflated, damage of the sputum aspirator tube to tunica mucosa tracheae is reduced, it is to avoid sputum aspirator tube near-wall air curtain;
6th, the malleation air-flow of the positive depressor output in negative pressure control apparatus is conveyed after ultrasonic atomizer and thermostat processing Into the outer wall of sputum aspirator tube, the effect of ultrasonic atomizer is moistening malleation air-flow, has dilution used sputum, prevents sputum mistake In sticky, and cause suction sputum blockage;Thermostat make it that the temperature of malleation air-flow is 37 degree, and the temperature is identical with human body temperature, To protect tracheal cilia function, the complication such as tracheospasm and atelectasis are prevented and treated.
Brief description of the drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is a kind of novel ultrasonic atomization sputum aspirator structural representation of the present utility model.
Accompanying drawing 2 is sputum aspirator tube structural representation.
Accompanying drawing 3 is outer tube and inner tube cross-sectional configuration schematic diagram.
Accompanying drawing 4 is sputum aspirator tube use state structural representation.
Embodiment
The embodiment that the utility model is provided is elaborated below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
The reference and part being related in accompanying drawing are as follows:
1. the straight portion of sputum aspirator tube 11.
12. the inner tube of bending section 13.
131. the outer tube of the first side opening 14.
The sputum of 141. second side opening 2. bottle
3. the negative pressure control apparatus of negative pressure bottle 4.
5. the base of ultrasonic atomizer 6.
61. the universal wheel of bottom plate 62.
63. the plastic tube of handrail 7. first
71. the plastic tube of the second plastic tube 72. the 3rd
73. the plastic tube of the 4th plastic tube 74. the 5th
8. the sputum of tracheae 81.
82. the negative-pressure air-flow of air 83.
84. malleation air-flow
Fig. 1 is refer to, Fig. 1 is a kind of novel ultrasonic atomization sputum aspirator structural representation of the present utility model.It is a kind of new Type ultrasonic atomizatio sputum aspirator, described ultrasonic atomizatio sputum aspirator includes sputum aspirator tube 1, sputum bottle 2, negative pressure bottle 3, vacuum cavitations Device 4, ultrasonic atomizer 5, thermostat, base 6;Described base 6 is included on bottom plate 61 and handrail 63, four angles of bottom plate 61 Provided with universal wheel 62, the end face of bottom plate 61 is provided with door font handrail 63;On the bottom plate 61 put sputum bottle 2, negative pressure bottle 3, Negative pressure control apparatus 4, ultrasonic atomizer 5;Described sputum bottle 2 and negative pressure bottle 3 are located at before ultrasonic negative pressure control device 4 Side;Described ultrasonic atomizer 5 is located at the right side of negative pressure control apparatus 4;Described thermostat is built in ultrasonic atomizer 5; Negtive-pressure implement and positive depressor built in described negative pressure control apparatus 4;One through the first plastic tube 7 and negative pressure bottle 3 of the negtive-pressure implement Interface is connected;Another interface of the negative pressure bottle 3 is set up with sputum bottle 2 through the second plastic tube 71 and is connected;The sputum bottle 2 Another adapter is set up with the inner tube 13 of sputum aspirator tube 1 through the 3rd plastic tube 72 and is connected;The positive depressor through the 4th plastic tube 73 with One interface of ultrasonic atomizer 5 sets up connection;Another interface of described ultrasonic atomizer 5 is through the 5th plastic tube 74 with inhaling The outer tube 14 of phlegm pipe 1 sets up connection.
Fig. 2 is refer to, Fig. 2 is the structural representation of sputum aspirator tube 1.The distal end of the sputum aspirator tube 1 is the arc shape knot with bending Structure, 1 point of sputum aspirator tube is the straight portion 11 of bending section 12, and the axis of bending section 12 is 30-60 degree with the axis angle in straight portion 11, curved The length of pars convoluta 12 is 8-12mm;Described sputum aspirator tube 1 includes inner tube 13 and outer tube 14;Described inner tube 13 is provided with the first side Hole 131;The outer tube 14 is provided with the second side opening 141;The side opening 141 of first side opening 131 and second is mutual in axial location Stagger;First side opening 131 is set along the outer wall of inner tube 13 is in spiral distribution;Second side opening 141 is along outside outer tube 14 Wall is in spiral distribution to be set;The line that the side opening 141 of first side opening 131 and second is cross-linked is in spiral distribution;Described One side opening 131 and the second side opening 141 are shaped to circular, ellipse, oval.
Fig. 3 is refer to, Fig. 3 is outer tube 14 and the cross-sectional configuration schematic diagram of inner tube 13.The cross section of described outer tube 14 is Arc, the outer tube 14 is close on outer wall of inner tube by crimping technique, and the quantity of outer tube 14 is at least one, in this implementation, It is preferred that the quantity of outer tube 14 is 4;When not being passed through air-flow in outer tube 14, outer tube 14 is in contraction state, when outer tube 14 is passed through gas During stream, outer tube 14 is in expansion state.
Fig. 4 is refer to, Fig. 4 is the use state structural representation of sputum aspirator tube 1.In use, the connection source of inner tube 13 is negative Depressor, forms negative-pressure air-flow 83 in inner tube 13, and the connection source of outer tube 14 is the malleation air-flow formed in positive depressor, outer tube 14 84, its malleation air-flow 84 can be passed by the second side opening 141, be merged with the air 82 of the external aeration of outer tube 14, and in sputum aspirator tube 1 The formation eddy current type circulation of negative-pressure air-flow 83 of end and inner tube 13, i.e., carry out eddy current type suction sputum to sputum 81, relatively with tradition Rely solely on suction type suction sputum to compare, the air-flow of its eddy current type can overcome sputum 81 to the adhesion strength of the wall of tracheae 8, eddy current type suction Phlegm effect is abundant.Second side opening 141 mutually staggers in axial location on the first side opening 131 and outer tube 14 in inner tube 13, and the The line that one side opening 131 and the second side opening 141 are cross-linked is in spiral distribution, so, negative-pressure air-flow 83 and outer tube in inner tube 13 Malleation air-flow 84 in 14 forms spiral circulation, i.e., carry out spiral suction sputum to sputum 81, its suction sputum mainly in suction Sputum 81 on the side wall of phlegm pipe 1, and sputum aspirator can not then be suctioned out to the sputum 81 of the side wall of sputum aspirator tube 1 in the prior art, be passed through Sputum aspirator of the present utility model, can effectively suction out the sputum 81 on the wall of sputum aspirator tube 1.
It should be noted that:The distal end of sputum aspirator tube 1 is set to meeting arcuate structure, and the arcuate structure is with reference to person's windpipe 8 Physiological anatomic architecture and design, sputum aspirator tube 1 can be avoided to contradict the intersection in two tracheaes 8 when inserting;Sputum aspirator tube 1 includes Inner tube 13 and outer tube 14, are double-deck structure type, and outer tube 14 uses soft material manufacture to form, and can be inflated modeling Type, reduces damage of the sputum aspirator tube 1 to the mucous membrane of tracheae 8, it is to avoid the near-wall air curtain of sputum aspirator tube 1.
The malleation air-flow 84 of positive depressor output in negative pressure control apparatus 4 is defeated after ultrasonic atomizer 5 and thermostat processing In the outer wall for being sent to sputum aspirator tube 1, the effect of ultrasonic atomizer 5 is moistening malleation air-flow 84, has dilution used sputum 81, prevents Only sputum 81 is excessively sticky, and causes sputum aspirator tube 1 to block;Thermostat cause malleation air-flow 84 temperature be 37 degree, the temperature and Human body temperature is identical, to protect the fibre function of tracheae 8, prevents and treats the complication such as the spasm of tracheae 8 and atelectasis.
Described sputum bottle 2 is used to reclaim the sputum 81 suctioned out, by being separately provided sputum bottle 2, on the one hand can be easy to phlegm Liquid 81 is collected, and understands the pathogenesis of patient by studying sputum 81 available for medical worker;On the other hand, negative pressure appearance is added Product space so that positive depressor can drain large volume space, forms negative pressure greatly, the power of abundance is provided for suction sputum.
The cross section of described outer tube 14 is arc, and the outer tube 14 is close on the outer wall of inner tube 13 by crimping technique, The quantity of outer tube 14 is at least one, and the quantity of outer tube 14 can be configured as needed, and the outer tube 14 of other quantity is at this Within the protection domain of implementation;The section of outer tube 14 is arc, under conditions of satisfaction is passed through malleation air-flow 84, with other shapes phase Than, the radial dimension of sputum aspirator tube 1 of the formation of arc shape is minimum, in addition, section can be when exiting for the outer tube 14 of arc shape, energy It is enough simultaneously together to exit the sputum 81 being attached on the outer wall of sputum aspirator tube 1.
A kind of novel ultrasonic atomization sputum aspirator of the present utility model, can reduce damage tracheae 8 mucous membrane, can plastotype, Different airflow direction suction sputums can be carried out, can be atomized by ultrasound and humidifying processing, many of existing equipment can be fully solved Latter problem, such as:The mucosa injury of tracheae 8, atelectasis, the spasm of bronchus 8, hypoxemia, infection, artificial airway block and inhaled Blocking of phlegm pipe 1 etc.;Sputum aspirator tube 1, which includes being formed in malleation air-flow 84, inner tube 13 in outer tube 14 and inner tube 13, outer tube 14, forms negative pressure Air-flow 83, its malleation air-flow 84 and negative-pressure air-flow 83 go out to be formed eddy current type circulation in sputum 81, and eddy current type suction is carried out to sputum 81 Phlegm, suction sputum effect is abundant, thoroughly;Second side opening 141 is mutual in axial location on the first side opening 131 and outer tube 14 in inner tube 13 Stagger, and the line that the first side opening 131 and the second side opening 141 are cross-linked is in spiral distribution, the He of negative-pressure air-flow 83 in inner tube 13 Malleation air-flow 84 in outer tube 14 forms spiral circulation, i.e., carry out spiral suction sputum to sputum 81, can effectively suction out Sputum 81 on the wall of phlegm pipe 1;The distal end of sputum aspirator tube 1 is set to meeting arcuate structure, and the arcuate structure is the life with reference to person's windpipe 8 Manage anatomical structure and design, sputum aspirator tube 1 can be avoided to contradict the intersection in two tracheaes 8 when inserting;Sputum aspirator tube 1 includes inner tube 13 and outer tube 14, it is double-deck structure type, and outer tube 14 is formed using soft material manufacture, can be inflated plastotype, Reduce damage of the sputum aspirator tube 1 to the mucous membrane of tracheae 8, it is to avoid the near-wall air curtain of sputum aspirator tube 1;Positive depressor output in negative pressure control apparatus 4 Malleation air-flow 84 through ultrasonic atomizer 5 and thermostat processing after be transported in the outer wall of sputum aspirator tube 1, the work of ultrasonic atomizer 5 With being moistening malleation air-flow 84, have dilution used sputum 81, prevent that sputum 81 is excessively sticky, and cause sputum aspirator tube 1 to block; Thermostat make it that the temperature of malleation air-flow 84 is 37 degree, and the temperature is identical with human body temperature, to protect the fibre function of tracheae 8, Prevent and treat the complication such as the spasm of tracheae 8 and atelectasis.
Described above is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, it is noted that for the common skill of the art Art personnel, on the premise of the utility model method is not departed from, can also make some improvement and supplement, and these improve and supplemented Also it should be regarded as protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of novel ultrasonic is atomized sputum aspirator, it is characterised in that described ultrasonic atomizatio sputum aspirator includes sputum aspirator tube, phlegm Liquid bottle, negative pressure bottle, negative pressure control apparatus, ultrasonic atomizer, thermostat, base;Described thermostat is built in ultrasonic atomizer In;Negtive-pressure implement built in described negative pressure control apparatus and positive depressor;One through the first plastic tube and negative pressure bottle of the negtive-pressure implement Interface is connected;Another interface of the negative pressure bottle is set up with sputum bottle through the second plastic tube and is connected;Sputum bottle it is another Individual inner tube of the adapter through the 3rd plastic tube and sputum aspirator tube sets up connection;The positive depressor is through the 4th plastic tube and ultrasonic atomizer One interface sets up connection;Outer tube of another interface of described ultrasonic atomizer through the 5th plastic tube and sputum aspirator tube, which is set up, to be connected Connect;The distal end of the sputum aspirator tube is arc shape structure;Described sputum aspirator tube includes inner and outer tubes;Described inner tube is provided with the One side opening;The outer tube is provided with the second side opening;First side opening and the second side opening mutually stagger in axial location;Described One side opening is set along outer wall of inner tube is in spiral distribution;Second side opening is set along outer tube outer wall is in spiral distribution;It is described The line that first side opening and the second side opening are cross-linked is in spiral distribution.
2. ultrasonic atomizatio sputum aspirator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the cross section of described outer tube is arc Shape, the outer tube is close on outer wall of inner tube by crimping technique.
3. ultrasonic atomizatio sputum aspirator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the quantity of described outer tube is at least one It is individual.
4. ultrasonic atomizatio sputum aspirator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that first side opening and the second side opening It is shaped to circular, ellipse, oval.
5. ultrasonic atomizatio sputum aspirator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the outer tube is using soft material system Make and form.
6. ultrasonic atomizatio sputum aspirator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described base includes bottom plate and helped Hand, four angles of bottom plate are provided with universal wheel, and the end face of bottom plate is provided with door font handrail;On the bottom plate put sputum bottle, Negative pressure bottle, negative pressure control apparatus, ultrasonic atomizer;Described sputum bottle and negative pressure bottle are located at before ultrasonic negative pressure control device Side;Described ultrasonic atomizer is located at the right side of negative pressure control apparatus.
7. ultrasonic atomizatio sputum aspirator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that it is straight that described sputum aspirator tube is divided into bending section Shape portion, the axis of bending section is 30-60 degree with the axis angle in straight portion, and the length of bending section is 8-12mm.
CN201621169526.3U 2016-10-26 2016-10-26 Novel ultrasonic is atomized sputum aspirator Active CN206499737U (en)

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CN201621169526.3U CN206499737U (en) 2016-10-26 2016-10-26 Novel ultrasonic is atomized sputum aspirator

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108379675A (en) * 2018-04-18 2018-08-10 费青龙 A kind of electric sputum sucker device suitable for hospital care
CN109758626A (en) * 2019-03-05 2019-05-17 魏国敏 A kind of Respiratory Medicine expectoration device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108379675A (en) * 2018-04-18 2018-08-10 费青龙 A kind of electric sputum sucker device suitable for hospital care
CN108379675B (en) * 2018-04-18 2020-04-03 温州医科大学附属第二医院、温州医科大学附属育英儿童医院 Electric sputum aspirator device suitable for hospital nursing
CN109758626A (en) * 2019-03-05 2019-05-17 魏国敏 A kind of Respiratory Medicine expectoration device

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