CN207253558U - A kind of tracheal tube with suction sputum chamber - Google Patents

A kind of tracheal tube with suction sputum chamber Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207253558U
CN207253558U CN201720196734.0U CN201720196734U CN207253558U CN 207253558 U CN207253558 U CN 207253558U CN 201720196734 U CN201720196734 U CN 201720196734U CN 207253558 U CN207253558 U CN 207253558U
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China
Prior art keywords
sputum
tube
suction
main body
interface
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CN201720196734.0U
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Inventor
王海峰
罗明
谢南姿
沈艺
李健
罗帮镇
刘阳
谢晓云
郑欢
王娟
黄俊玲
邓冰
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Shanghai Tongji Hospital
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Shanghai Tongji Hospital
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of tracheal tube with suction sputum chamber, including casing main body, lung ventilator interface and air bag, lung ventilator interface is connected in the upper end of casing main body, air bag is connected on the lateral surface of casing main body lower end, air flue inner tube is equipped with casing main body, and it is internally formed suction sputum chamber with casing main body, air flue inner tube passes through several expectoration holes, connected with suction sputum chamber, vacuum suction interface tube is additionally provided with casing main body, suction sputum chamber is connected with vacuum suction interface tube, further include and only open up pass, sputum flush pipe and sputum aspirator tube, pass is only opened up to be arranged on vacuum suction interface tube, sputum flush pipe and sputum aspirator tube are connected on the outer surface of casing main body, its front end is arranged on the direction of air bag, the rear end of sputum aspirator tube and negative-pressure suction pipe orifice.The utility model be not only able to it is comprehensive solve the problems, such as that tracheal tube easily forms phlegm scab, while prevent pressure caused by ventilation to leak phenomenon.

Description

A kind of tracheal tube with suction sputum chamber
Technical field
Medical gas inhalation apparatus is the utility model is related to, more specifically to a kind of air pipe sleeve with suction sputum chamber Pipe.
Background technology
Artificial airway is established, is the effective means of clinical rescue Severe acute disease patient, tracheotomy can be prevented or solved rapidly Except respiratory tract obstruction, increase effective ventilatory volume, nursing is proper can to save patient vitals, easily in casing if nursing is not proper Interior formation phlegm scab blocks tracheae, causes patient to suffocate.In Clinical practice, may because in casing humidifying deficiency, inhaling-conveying mode not It is proper, patient's expectoration is powerless, leptochymia causes many reasons such as thick sputum so that sputum for a long time be attached to autogenous cutting air flue Tube wall, accumulation is excessively so as to form phlegm scab.How to reduce phlegm scab formation probability in casing is always to establish artificial airway patient one Big nursing problem and emphasis.
A kind of Chinese utility model patent " tracheal tube with suction sputum chamber " (patent No.:ZL201420043361.X, is awarded Power publication number CN203694321U) disclose a kind of tracheal tube with suction sputum chamber, its primary structure as shown in Figure 1, including Casing main body 1, lung ventilator interface 2 and air bag 3, the tracheal tube 1 further include air flue inner tube 4 and vacuum suction interface tube 5, The both ends of the air flue inner tube 4 are tightly connected with casing main body 1, and the suction sputum chamber 6 of sandwich is internally formed in casing main body 1, The air flue inner tube 4 is connected, the suction sputum by the expectoration hole 8 being distributed on air flue tube wall 7 with the suction sputum chamber 6 Chamber 6 is communicated to exterior vacuum suction equipment by vacuum suction interface tube 5.The utility model utilizes 1 inner clamps of casing main body Sputum is discharged in the suction sputum chamber 6 of Rotating fields and expectoration hole 8, is avoided sputum from being collected at for a long time in air flue and is formed phlegm scab, so as to Phlegm scab formation probability in tracheal tube is reduced, phlegm scab is reduced and blocks tracheae, the risk for causing patient to suffocate.
But find in actual use, when lung ventilator provides oxygen by air flue inner tube 4 to patient, due to Air flue inner tube 4 is connected by the expectoration hole 8 on its air flue tube wall 7 and suction sputum chamber 6 with vacuum suction interface tube 5, therefore logical Pressure generates the phenomenon to leak by vacuum suction interface tube 5 during gas, it is impossible to gives the sufficient amount of oxygen of patient.In addition, gas Capsule 3 is arranged on the lateral surface of one end that casing main body 1 is inserted in the air flue of patient, therefore, phlegm is also also easy to produce on air bag 3 Liquid, and the sputum on air bag 3 can not be discharged by the expectoration hole 8 in air flue inner tube 4, just formed phlegm scab for a long time and be attached to gas On the surface of capsule 3, to being had an impact in patient airway, or even patient is caused to suffocate.
Utility model content
In view of the above defects of the prior art, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of gas with suction sputum chamber Pipe-in-pipe, can attract expectoration with regard to those progress intermittent negative pressures at any time, be not only able to that comprehensive to solve tracheal tube easy The problem of forming phlegm scab, while prevent pressure caused by ventilation to leak phenomenon.
To achieve the above object, the utility model adopts the following technical solution:
A kind of tracheal tube with suction sputum chamber, including casing main body, lung ventilator interface and air bag, lung ventilator interface are connected in The upper end of casing main body, air bag are connected on the lateral surface of casing main body lower end, and air flue inner tube, air flue inner tube are equipped with casing main body Both ends be connected with casing main body inner sealing, and the suction sputum chamber of clamp structure is internally formed with casing main body, air flue inner tube is led to The several expectoration holes being distributed on its tube wall are crossed, is connected with suction sputum chamber, vacuum suction interface tube, suction sputum is additionally provided with casing main body Chamber is connected with vacuum suction interface tube, and vacuum suction interface tube further includes to be connected with exterior vacuum suction equipment Pass, sputum flush pipe and sputum aspirator tube are only opened up, pass is only opened up and is arranged on vacuum suction interface tube, is inhaled to open and close negative pressure Skirt interface, sputum flush pipe and sputum aspirator tube are connected on the outer surface of casing main body, the front end of sputum flush pipe and sputum aspirator tube It is arranged on the direction of air bag, the rear end of sputum aspirator tube and negative-pressure suction pipe orifice, sputum flush pipe is rinsing on air bag Sputum, sputum aspirator tube is drawing the sputum on air bag.
The sputum flush pipe rear end is syringe interface, its bore matches with syringe.
Interface plug is additionally provided with the syringe interface.
The vacuum suction interface tube is arranged on the upper end of casing main body, close to the position of lung ventilator interface.
The sputum flush pipe is equipped with one or more.
The sputum aspirator tube is equipped with one or more.
The vacuum suction interface tube is equipped with the one-way cock outwards opened.
The pass that only opens up is hand-operated valve or solenoid valve.
In above-mentioned technical solution, a kind of tracheal tube with suction sputum chamber provided by the utility model, also has Some beneficial effect below:
1. the utility model avoids sputum using the suction sputum chamber of casing main body inner sandwich structure and expectoration hole discharge sputum It is collected at for a long time in air flue and forms phlegm scab, so as to reduce phlegm scab formation probability in tracheal tube, reduces phlegm scab and block gas Road, the risk for causing patient to suffocate;
2. the utility model discharges sputum by casing main body inner sandwich structure, can be to avoid through being made during casing suction sputum Into stimulation to tracheal wall and air flue mucosa injury;
3. the utility model, which by time opening vacuum suction equipment, can carry out intermittent negative pressure at any time, attracts expectoration, Reduce nursing staff's operating technology difficulty, improve work efficiency;
4. the utility model closes vacuum suction interface tube by only opening up closing, when can prevent mechanical ventilation outside pressure Let out;
5. the utility model can remove the phlegm accumulated above air bag, below glottis by sputum flush pipe and sputum aspirator tube Liquid, prevents the position from producing phlegm scab.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of the prior art;
Fig. 2 is the structure diagram of the utility model.
Embodiment
The technical solution of the utility model is further illustrated with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Incorporated by reference to shown in Fig. 2, a kind of tracheal tube with suction sputum chamber provided by the utility model, including casing main body 10th, lung ventilator interface 11 and air bag 12, lung ventilator interface 11 are connected in the upper end of casing main body 10, lung ventilator interface 11 to it is outer The lung ventilator in portion is connected, and air bag 12 is connected on the lateral surface of 10 lower end of casing main body, and air flue inner tube 13 is equipped with casing main body 10, The both ends of air flue inner tube 13 are connected with 10 inner sealing of casing main body, and the suction sputum of clamp structure is internally formed with casing main body 10 Chamber 14, and air flue inner tube 13 connects again by the several expectoration holes 15 being distributed on its tube wall with suction sputum chamber 14, casing main body 10 On be additionally provided with vacuum suction interface tube 16, suction sputum chamber 14 is connected with vacuum suction interface tube 16, and vacuum suction interface tube 16 is used To be connected with exterior vacuum suction equipment, above-mentioned is prior art part, is just repeated no more herein.Unlike the prior art , further include and only open up pass 17, sputum flush pipe 18 and sputum aspirator tube 19, only open up pass 17 and be arranged on vacuum suction interface tube 16 On, to open and close vacuum suction interface tube 16, it can prevent the pressure of vacuum suction interface tube 16 from leaking, sputum rinses Pipe 18 and sputum aspirator tube 19 are connected on the outer surface of casing main body 10, and the front end of sputum flush pipe 18 and sputum aspirator tube 19 is arranged on The direction of air bag 12, and the rear end of sputum aspirator tube 19 is also connected with vacuum suction interface tube 16, sputum flush pipe 18 is rinsing gas The sputum accumulated below the top of capsule 12, glottis, then suctioned out by sputum aspirator tube 19.
Preferably, 18 rear end of sputum flush pipe is syringe interface, its bore matches with syringe, to clear The cleaning solution for washing sputum is fitted into syringe, and syringe is connected to syringe interface, by the front end of sputum flush pipe 18 come clear The sputum accumulated below the top of gas washing capsule 12, glottis.
Preferably, being additionally provided with interface plug 20 on the syringe interface, in the non-suction sputum time, covered using interface plug 20 Syringe interface.
Preferably, the vacuum suction interface tube 16 is arranged on the upper end of casing main body 10, close to the position of lung ventilator interface Put, which can effectively attract sputum.
Preferably, the sputum flush pipe 18, sputum aspirator tube 19 are equipped with one or more, particular number can be according to reality Using setting.
Preferably, the vacuum suction interface tube 16 is equipped with an one-way cock that can only outwards open, in negative pressure The interim of attraction, the sputum being attached on 13 wall of air flue inner tube, suction is discharged into air flue under gas pressure through expectoration hole 15 Phlegm chamber 14, and one-way cock can prevent extraneous gas from entering by vacuum suction interface tube 16 in suction sputum chamber 14, make suction sputum chamber Negative pressure is formed in 14, prevents from entering the sputum reflux in suction sputum chamber 14, also avoids sputum from being collected at air flue inner tube 13 for a long time On tube wall, air-dried to form phlegm scab by breathing gas.
Preferably, the pass 17 that only opens up is hand-operated valve or solenoid valve, hand-operated valve can be that screw thread tightens formula, or directly Plug-in, and solenoid valve is easy to operation.
The use of the tracheal tube with suction sputum chamber of the utility model, it is specific as follows:
After 1. couple patient implements trachea cannula operation, the tracheal tube with suction sputum chamber of the utility model is inserted into, to gas After capsule 12 is inflated, casing main body 10 is maintained at endotracheal centre position, lung ventilator interface 11 is connected with exterior lung ventilator, Mechanical ventilation is opened, and at this time, close and only open up pass 17, vacuum suction interface tube 16 is in closure state, it is possible to prevent Pressure in mechanical ventilation leaks;
2. time opening vacuum suction switch and equipment, disengage lung ventilator, while open only open up pass 17 again, inhale negative pressure Skirt interface 16 is in opening, carries out intermittent short time vacuum suction, will be attached to the phlegm on 13 wall of air flue inner tube Liquid, enters suction sputum chamber 14 via expectoration hole 15, then is sucked by vacuum suction interface tube 16 in exterior vacuum suction equipment, so as to subtract Few attachment time of the sputum on 13 wall of air flue inner tube, reduce the probability that phlegm scab is formed in tracheal tube;
3. when needing to suction out the sputum above air bag 12, below glottis, and being not easy to suction out since sputum herein is thick, Syringe interface (connection size and the syringe general-purpose interface of 18 rear end of sputum flush pipe can be first connected to using syringe Match somebody with somebody, in the non-suction sputum time, interface plug 20 can be used to cover interface), rinse the top of air bag 12 with appropriate sterilized water for injection and accumulate Sputum, time opening vacuum suction switch and equipment, the top of air bag 12 rinse under sputum through sputum aspirator tube 19 directly by negative pressure Attract interface tube 16 to suction out, reach and preferably understand sputum effect, reduce Ventilator Associated Pneumonia probability of happening.
Those of ordinary skill in the art is it should be appreciated that the embodiment of the above is intended merely to illustrate that this practicality is new Type, and be not used as the restriction to the utility model, as long as in the spirit of the utility model, to the above Change, the modification of embodiment will all fall in the Claims scope of the utility model.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of tracheal tube with suction sputum chamber, including casing main body, lung ventilator interface and air bag, lung ventilator interface are connected in set The upper end of pipe main body, air bag are connected on the lateral surface of casing main body lower end, and air flue inner tube is equipped with casing main body, air flue inner tube Both ends are connected with casing main body inner sealing, and the suction sputum chamber of clamp structure is internally formed with casing main body, and air flue inner tube passes through The several expectoration holes being distributed on its tube wall, connect with suction sputum chamber, and vacuum suction interface tube, suction sputum chamber are additionally provided with casing main body It is connected with vacuum suction interface tube, to be connected with exterior vacuum suction equipment, its feature exists vacuum suction interface tube In, further include only lead to only open up pass, sputum flush pipe and sputum aspirator tube, only open up pass be arranged on vacuum suction interface tube on, to open Vacuum suction interface tube is closed, sputum flush pipe and sputum aspirator tube are connected on the outer surface of casing main body, sputum flush pipe and suction sputum The front end of pipe is towards air bag, rear end and the negative-pressure suction pipe orifice of sputum aspirator tube, and sputum flush pipe is rinsing on air bag Sputum, sputum aspirator tube is drawing the sputum on air bag.
2. a kind of tracheal tube with suction sputum chamber as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that after the sputum flush pipe End is equipped with syringe interface, its bore matches with syringe.
3. a kind of tracheal tube with suction sputum chamber as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that on the syringe interface It is additionally provided with interface plug.
4. a kind of tracheal tube with suction sputum chamber as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the negative-pressure suction pipe connects Mouth is arranged on the upper end of casing main body, close to the position of lung ventilator interface.
5. a kind of tracheal tube with suction sputum chamber as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the sputum flush pipe is set There is one or more.
6. a kind of tracheal tube with suction sputum chamber as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the sputum aspirator tube is equipped with one Root or more.
7. a kind of tracheal tube with suction sputum chamber as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the negative-pressure suction pipe connects Mouth is equipped with the one-way cock outwards opened.
8. a kind of tracheal tube with suction sputum chamber as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the pass that only opens up is hand Dynamic valve or solenoid valve.
CN201720196734.0U 2017-03-01 2017-03-01 A kind of tracheal tube with suction sputum chamber Active CN207253558U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720196734.0U CN207253558U (en) 2017-03-01 2017-03-01 A kind of tracheal tube with suction sputum chamber

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720196734.0U CN207253558U (en) 2017-03-01 2017-03-01 A kind of tracheal tube with suction sputum chamber

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207253558U true CN207253558U (en) 2018-04-20

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112007221A (en) * 2020-09-09 2020-12-01 商玉立 Cleaner for department of respiration

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112007221A (en) * 2020-09-09 2020-12-01 商玉立 Cleaner for department of respiration

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