CN110559492A - Sputum clearing device and method for department of respiration - Google Patents

Sputum clearing device and method for department of respiration Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110559492A
CN110559492A CN201910881823.2A CN201910881823A CN110559492A CN 110559492 A CN110559492 A CN 110559492A CN 201910881823 A CN201910881823 A CN 201910881823A CN 110559492 A CN110559492 A CN 110559492A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sputum
sound wave
connecting pipe
department
atomization
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Pending
Application number
CN201910881823.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王丹丹
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First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University
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First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University
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Filing date
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Application filed by First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University filed Critical First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University
Priority to CN201910881823.2A priority Critical patent/CN110559492A/en
Publication of CN110559492A publication Critical patent/CN110559492A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/22Implements for squeezing-off ulcers or the like on the inside of inner organs of the body; Implements for scraping-out cavities of body organs, e.g. bones; Calculus removers; Calculus smashing apparatus; Apparatus for removing obstructions in blood vessels, not otherwise provided for
    • A61B17/22004Implements for squeezing-off ulcers or the like on the inside of inner organs of the body; Implements for scraping-out cavities of body organs, e.g. bones; Calculus removers; Calculus smashing apparatus; Apparatus for removing obstructions in blood vessels, not otherwise provided for using mechanical vibrations, e.g. ultrasonic shock waves
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/24Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for use in the oral cavity, larynx, bronchial passages or nose; Tongue scrapers
    • A61M1/0062
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M1/00Suction or pumping devices for medical purposes; Devices for carrying-off, for treatment of, or for carrying-over, body-liquids; Drainage systems
    • A61M1/84Drainage tubes; Aspiration tips
    • A61M1/85Drainage tubes; Aspiration tips with gas or fluid supply means, e.g. for supplying rinsing fluids or anticoagulants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M1/00Suction or pumping devices for medical purposes; Devices for carrying-off, for treatment of, or for carrying-over, body-liquids; Drainage systems
    • A61M1/84Drainage tubes; Aspiration tips
    • A61M1/86Connectors between drainage tube and handpiece, e.g. drainage tubes detachable from handpiece
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M2210/00Anatomical parts of the body
    • A61M2210/10Trunk
    • A61M2210/1025Respiratory system
    • A61M2210/1028Larynx

Abstract

The invention provides a sputum cleaning device and a sputum cleaning method for a department of respiration, the sputum cleaning device comprises a control box body, the inner side of the control box body is provided with a sound wave control mechanism, one side of the sound wave control mechanism is provided with a three-way connecting pipe, three connecting ports of the three-way connecting pipe are respectively connected with an atomizing mechanism, a sputum suction mechanism and a trachea cannula assembly, and two ends of the three-way connecting pipe, which are close to the atomizing mechanism and the sputum suction mechanism, are respectively provided with a flowmeter and an electromagnetic valve; the upper side of the control box body is provided with a touch display screen and a control key electrically connected with the touch display screen, a control circuit is arranged in the touch display screen, and the touch display screen is respectively and electrically connected with the atomizing mechanism, the sound wave control mechanism and the sputum suction mechanism through the control circuit. When using the device to clear phlegm to respiratory track patient, at first through the mode of softening dilution sputum, reduce the adhesive force of sputum on the respiratory track, inhale the sputum receiving flask with the sputum after softening the dilution again in, the security is high, and clear phlegm is efficient, has improved degree of automation simultaneously.

Description

Sputum clearing device and method for department of respiration
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of sputum clearing equipment, in particular to a sputum clearing device and a sputum clearing method for a respiratory department.
Background
Sputum is a secretion of the respiratory tract of a human body, and under normal conditions, the amount of sputum in the respiratory tract of the human body is small, and is a small amount of mucus secreted mainly for keeping the respiratory tract moist. However, when inflammatory lesions occur in the respiratory tract due to invasion of irritating gases, dust or harmful microorganisms into the respiratory tract, the sputum in the respiratory tract becomes abundant, even sticky, and yellowish white sticky.
generally, the sputum is expectorated from the trachea and expelled out of the body by the normal cough reflex. However, for the respiratory tract patients who are bedridden for a long time, when the sputum is gathered in the respiratory tract and can not be discharged out of the body, the respiratory tract is easy to be blocked, the normal breathing is affected, and even the life is threatened, so the manual sputum clearing is needed.
The existing sputum clearing device mainly removes sputum in a suction mode, but some thick sputum is difficult to clear due to the fact that the thick sputum is attached to the respiratory tract, and the patient is uncomfortable by means of powerful suction, even the trachea of the patient is seriously injured, and other side effects are caused.
Disclosure of Invention
in order to solve the above problems, an object of the present invention is to provide a sputum-clearing device and a sputum-clearing method for use in a respiratory department, which are capable of reducing the adhesion of sputum to a respiratory tract by softening and diluting the sputum, and then sucking the softened and diluted sputum into a sputum-collecting bottle, thereby achieving high safety, high sputum-clearing efficiency, and reducing discomfort of a patient when the device is used to clear sputum for a respiratory patient.
In order to achieve the above object, the technical solution of the present invention is as follows.
A sputum cleaning device for a department of respiration comprises a control box body, wherein a sound wave control mechanism is arranged on the inner side of the control box body, a three-way connecting pipe is arranged on one side of the sound wave control mechanism, an atomizing mechanism, a sputum suction mechanism and a trachea cannula assembly are respectively connected onto three connecting ports of the three-way connecting pipe, and a flowmeter and an electromagnetic valve are respectively arranged at two ends, close to the atomizing mechanism and the sputum suction mechanism, of the three-way connecting pipe; the upper side of the control box body is provided with a touch display screen and a control key electrically connected with the touch display screen, a control circuit is arranged in the touch display screen, and the touch display screen is respectively electrically connected with the atomizing mechanism, the sound wave control mechanism and the sputum suction mechanism through the control circuit.
Further, atomizing mechanism includes liquid reserve tank and atomizer chamber, the liquid reserve tank pass through float switch with the atomizer chamber intercommunication, the atomizer chamber pass through ultrasonic wave transducer piece with liquid atomizing back, through the fog mouth with the tee bend connecting pipe is connected.
Furthermore, the downside of liquid reserve tank is equipped with the inlet, float switch install in on the inlet, be equipped with the atomizing pond in the atomizer chamber, be equipped with level sensor on the lateral wall of atomizing pond, level sensor with float switch electricity is connected.
Furthermore, the ultrasonic energy conversion piece is installed at the bottom of the atomization pool, the atomization pool is connected with the fog outlet through a fog outlet pipeline, the fog outlet pipeline is close to a fan air supply outlet which is arranged on one side wall of the atomization pool, and the fan air supply outlet is connected with a fan through an air supply pipe.
Further, the sound wave control mechanism comprises a sound wave instrument which emits high-order variable-frequency biological waves, the sound wave instrument is connected with a sound outlet through a sound wave connecting pipe, and the sound outlet is formed in one end of the trachea cannula assembly.
Furthermore, a sound wave control module used for adjusting the wavelength and the frequency of the biological waves is arranged on a control circuit in the touch display screen, and the sound wave control module is electrically connected with the sound wave instrument.
furthermore, inhale phlegm mechanism and include sputum aspirator and sputum receiving flask, the one end of sputum aspirator through inhale the phlegm connecting pipe with the tee bend connecting pipe is connected, the other end through the sputum discharging connecting pipe with the sputum receiving flask is connected.
Furthermore, the sputum aspirator includes the piston cylinder, is located piston in the piston cylinder and with piston rod that piston connection, the one end of piston rod is worn out the piston cylinder, and is connected with power component, the piston cylinder is kept away from one side of piston is equipped with the buffering and inhales the phlegm mouth, the buffering is inhaled and is equipped with respectively on the phlegm mouth and inhales phlegm mouth and sputum discharging port, inhale the phlegm mouth through inhale phlegm mouth check valve and inhale the phlegm connecting pipe and be connected, the sputum mouth through sputum discharging mouth check valve with the sputum discharging connecting pipe is connected.
Furthermore, power component includes gear motor, lead screw and screw-nut, the one end of lead screw pass through the hold-in range with gear motor's output shaft, screw-nut cup joint with on the lead screw, and with the lead screw spiro union, the tip of piston rod pass through the connecting piece with screw-nut fixed connection.
Further, trachea cannula subassembly includes hollow outer body and is located outer body one end is served tubaeform installation head, be equipped with adjacent extension pipe and conductor wire in the outer body, the extension pipe with tee junction pipe intercommunication, one of conductor wire is served and is equipped with the infrared ray searchlighting head, the other end with the control circuit electricity is connected, the infrared ray searchlighting head install in one side of installation head.
The invention also provides a sputum clearing method of the sputum clearing device for the department of respiration, which comprises the following steps:
S1, switching on a power supply, inserting the tracheal intubation component into the laryngeal cavity, loading the prepared mixed liquid medicine of the liquid medicine and the normal saline into a liquid storage tank in an atomization mechanism, starting the atomization mechanism to atomize the mixed liquid medicine in the liquid storage tank, and spraying the atomized mixed liquid medicine by a mounting head on one end of the tracheal intubation component after passing through a three-way connecting pipe to dilute the sputum in the trachea;
S2, after standing for 5-10 min, closing the atomization mechanism, starting the sound wave control mechanism, generating high-level variable-frequency biological waves by the sound wave control mechanism, sending the high-level variable-frequency biological waves through a sound outlet on one side of the tracheal intubation component, and vibrating and softening the sputum diluted in the step S1 for 2-8 min;
And S3, closing the sound wave control mechanism, starting the sputum suction mechanism, sucking the sputum softened in the step S2 into a sputum collection bottle through the sputum suction mechanism, and taking out the tracheal intubation component to realize sputum clearing.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
compared with the prior art, the invention provides a sputum clearing device and a sputum clearing method for a pneumology department, and the sputum clearing device and the sputum clearing method have the following beneficial effects:
When the sputum cleaning device is used for cleaning sputum of respiratory patients, firstly, liquid medicine with a sputum softening function is sprayed out through the atomizing mechanism, enters the extension tube of the tracheal intubation component through the three-way connecting tube, is sprayed out from one side of the mounting head of the extension tube, is used for diluting the sputum to a certain degree, then, high-level variable-frequency biological waves are generated through a sound wave instrument on the sound wave control mechanism, and are aligned to the position of the diluted sputum through the sound outlet to be softened by vibration so as to reduce the adhesive force of the sputum on the respiratory tract, and finally, the softened and diluted sputum is sucked into a sputum collecting bottle through the sputum suction mechanism. The sputum clearing method adopting the sputum clearing device is high in safety and high in sputum clearing efficiency, discomfort of a patient can be reduced, and meanwhile, the automation control degree is improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of embodiment 1 of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a block diagram of modules in embodiment 1 of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of an atomizing mechanism in embodiment 1 of the present invention.
fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of a sputum aspirating mechanism in embodiment 1 of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of a gas tube and socket assembly in example 1 of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a control box body; 2. a sound wave control mechanism; 201. a sonic instrument; 202. a sound outlet; 3. a three-way connecting pipe; 301. a flow meter; 302. an electromagnetic valve; 4. an atomization mechanism; 401. a liquid storage tank; 402. an atomization chamber; 403. a float switch; 404. an ultrasonic wave transduction sheet; 405. a mist outlet; 406. an atomization pool; 407. a fan air supply outlet; 408. a fan; 5. a sputum aspirating mechanism; 501. a sputum aspirator, 502, a sputum collection bottle; 503. a piston cylinder; 504. a piston; 505. a piston rod; 506. a power assembly; 507. a sputum suction port; 508. a sputum discharging port; 6. a tracheal cannula assembly; 601. an outer tubular body; 602. a mounting head; 603. an extension tube; 604. a conductive wire; 605. an infrared searchlight head; 7. a touch display screen; 8. a control key; 9. a control circuit; 901. and the sound wave control module.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
all other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Example 1
Referring to fig. 1-5, the sputum cleaning device for the department of respiration provided by the embodiment of the present invention includes a control box body 1, a sound wave control mechanism 2 capable of emitting high-order frequency-variable biological waves is arranged on the inner side of the control box body 1, a three-way connection pipe 3 is arranged on one side of the sound wave control mechanism 2, an atomization mechanism 4 capable of ejecting atomized liquid, a sputum suction mechanism 5 for sucking softened sputum, and a tracheal intubation assembly 6 are respectively connected to three connection ports of the three-way connection pipe 3, and a flow meter 301 and an electromagnetic valve 302 are respectively arranged on two ends of the three-way connection pipe 3, which are close to the atomization mechanism 4 and the sputum suction mechanism 5; for recording and controlling the nebulized liquid and the sputum suction pressure, respectively. The upper side of the control box body 1 is provided with a touch display screen 7 and a control key 8 electrically connected with the touch display screen 7, and the control key is used for controlling the opening and closing of the sputum cleaning device. The touch display screen 7 is internally provided with a control circuit 9, and the touch display screen 7 is respectively electrically connected with the atomizing mechanism 4, the sound wave control mechanism 2 and the sputum suction mechanism 5 through the control circuit 9 so as to improve the degree of automation control.
In the embodiment of the invention, the device is mainly connected with the atomizing mechanism, the sputum suction mechanism and the trachea cannula assembly through the three-way connecting pipe, when the device is used for clearing sputum of a respiratory tract patient, firstly, liquid medicine with a sputum softening function is sprayed out through the atomizing mechanism, enters the extension pipe of the trachea cannula assembly through the three-way connecting pipe, is sprayed out from one side of the mounting head of the extension pipe, is used for diluting the sputum to a certain extent, then, high-level variable-frequency biological waves are generated through a sound wave instrument on the sound wave control mechanism, and are aligned to the position of the diluted sputum through the sound outlet to be softened by vibration, so that the adhesive force of the sputum on the respiratory tract is reduced, and finally, the softened and diluted sputum is sucked into the sputum collecting bottle through the sputum.
The device has high safety and high sputum clearing efficiency, and can reduce the discomfort of patients.
In order to improve the atomization effect of the atomization mechanism, the atomization mechanism 4 comprises a liquid storage tank 401 and an atomization chamber 402, the liquid storage tank and the atomization chamber are detachably connected, and the detachable connection can be a screw joint or a clamping joint. The liquid storage tank 401 is communicated with the atomizing chamber 402 through a float switch 403 and is used for adjusting and controlling liquid in the liquid storage tank to enter the atomizing chamber. The atomization chamber 402 atomizes the liquid through the ultrasonic transducer 404, and then is connected with the three-way connection pipe 3 through the mist outlet 405, wherein the flow meter 301 and the electromagnetic valve 302 are arranged on the mist outlet 405 for recording and controlling the flow of the atomized liquid.
The downside of liquid reserve tank 401 is equipped with the inlet, float switch 403 install in on the inlet for communicate the liquid reserve tank and the atomizing pond in the atomizer chamber, and be used for the liquid of regulation control liquid reserve tank to enter into the atomizing pond. An atomization pool 406 is arranged in the atomization chamber 402, a liquid level sensor is arranged on the side wall of the atomization pool 406, the liquid level sensor is electrically connected with the float switch 403, and when liquid in the atomization pool is lower than the liquid level sensor, the float switch is turned on to enable the liquid in the liquid storage tank to enter the atomization pool; when liquid in the atomization tank is higher than the liquid level sensor, the float switch is closed, and the liquid level sensor and the float switch are matched and interacted, so that the automatic control degree of the device can be improved.
The ultrasonic transducer 404 is installed at the bottom of the atomization tank 406 and is used for ultrasonically atomizing the liquid in the atomization tank. The atomizing pool 406 is connected with the fog outlet 405 through a fog outlet pipeline, a fan air supply outlet 407 is arranged on one side wall of the fog outlet pipeline close to the atomizing pool 406, and the fan air supply outlet 407 is connected with a fan 408 through an air supply pipe. The atomized liquid is blown out from the mist outlet through the fan, so that the flowing speed of the atomized liquid is accelerated, the retention time of the atomized liquid in the pipeline is further shortened, the atomized liquid is prevented from being attached to the pipeline to form liquid drops, and the atomization effect is influenced.
in order to further improve the efficiency of clearing phlegm and reduce the uncomfortable sense of the patient, the sound wave control mechanism 2 comprises a sound wave instrument 201 capable of sending high-order variable frequency biological waves, the sound wave instrument 201 is connected with a sound outlet 202 through a sound wave connecting pipe, the sound wave connecting pipe is installed in the trachea cannula assembly, the sound outlet 202 is arranged on one end of the trachea cannula assembly, the diluted sputum is conveniently vibrated and softened, the adhesive force of the sputum on the respiratory tract is reduced, the phlegm clearing efficiency is improved, and meanwhile the uncomfortable sense of the patient can be reduced.
The control circuit 9 in the touch display screen 7 is provided with an acoustic wave control module 901 for adjusting the wavelength and frequency of the biological waves, the acoustic wave control module is electrically connected with the acoustic wave instrument 201, and the acoustic wave control module can be used for adjusting the wavelength and frequency of the biological waves emitted by the acoustic wave instrument and reducing the discomfort of the biological waves to the patient.
In order to further improve the efficiency of the sputum cleaning work, the sputum suction mechanism 5 comprises a sputum aspirator 501 and a sputum collecting bottle 502, one end of the sputum aspirator 501 is connected with the three-way connecting pipe 3 through a sputum suction connecting pipe, and the other end of the sputum aspirator 501 is connected with the sputum collecting bottle 502 through a sputum discharging connecting pipe. And one end of the sputum suction connecting pipe close to the three-way connecting pipe is provided with a flow meter 301 and an electromagnetic valve 302 for recording and controlling sputum suction pressure.
the sputum aspirator 501 comprises a piston cylinder 503, a piston 504 positioned in the piston cylinder 503 and a piston rod 505 connected with the piston 504, wherein one end of the piston rod 505 penetrates out of the piston cylinder 503 and is connected with a power assembly 506, so that the piston rod can drive the piston to realize telescopic reciprocating motion in the piston cylinder under the action of the power assembly. A buffer sputum suction port is formed in one side, far away from the piston 504, of the piston cylinder 503, a sputum suction port 507 and a sputum discharge port 508 are formed in the buffer sputum suction port respectively, the sputum suction port 507 is connected with a sputum suction connecting pipe through a sputum suction port one-way control valve, and the sputum discharge port 508 is connected with the sputum discharge connecting pipe through a sputum discharge port one-way control valve. The sputum suction port and the sputum discharging port are respectively provided with a corresponding one-way control valve for controlling the directions of sputum suction and sputum discharging, so that sputum can be sucked by the sputum suction port and discharged by the sputum discharging port, and the sputum can be sucked into the sputum collecting bottle.
In this embodiment, the power assembly 506 includes a speed reduction motor, a lead screw and a lead screw nut, one end of the lead screw is connected to an output shaft of the speed reduction motor through a coupling, the lead screw nut is sleeved on the lead screw and is in threaded connection with the lead screw, and the end of the piston rod is fixedly connected to the lead screw nut through a connecting member.
When starting gear motor, gear motor's output shaft rotates, can drive the lead screw and rotate, because lead screw and screw nut's threaded connection, make screw nut can take place horizontal displacement along with the rotation of lead screw, also be exactly that screw nut can take place horizontal migration along the lead screw, and then can drive the one end of screw rod and take place synchronous displacement to can make the piston realize reciprocating motion in the piston cylinder, accomplish clear phlegm work.
The trachea cannula assembly 6 comprises a hollow outer tube body 601 and a horn-shaped mounting head 602 positioned at one end of the outer tube body 601, an adjacent extension tube 603 and a conducting wire 604 are arranged in the outer tube body 601, the extension tube 603 is communicated with the three-way connecting tube 3, one end of the conducting wire 604 is provided with an infrared searchlighting head 605, the other end of the conducting wire 604 is electrically connected with the control circuit 9, the infrared searchlighting head 605 is mounted at one side of the mounting head 602, and the attachment condition of sputum can be visually displayed on a touch display screen in an image mode through the infrared searchlighting head, so that the sputum cleaning efficiency is improved.
The invention also provides a sputum clearing method of the sputum clearing device for the department of respiration, which comprises the following steps:
S1, switching on a power supply, inserting the tracheal intubation component 6 into the laryngeal cavity, loading the prepared mixed liquid medicine of the liquid medicine and the normal saline into the liquid storage tank 401 in the atomization mechanism 4, starting the atomization mechanism 4 to atomize the mixed liquid medicine in the liquid storage tank 401, and spraying the atomized mixed liquid medicine out of the three-way connecting pipe 3 by the mounting head 602 on one end of the tracheal intubation component 6 to dilute the sputum in the trachea;
S2, standing for 5-10 min, closing the atomizing mechanism 4, starting the sound wave control mechanism 2, generating high-level variable-frequency biological waves by the sound wave control mechanism 2, sending the high-level variable-frequency biological waves through a sound outlet 202 on one side of the tracheal intubation component 6, and vibrating and softening the sputum diluted in the step S1 for 2-8 min;
s3, closing the sound wave control mechanism 2, starting the sputum suction mechanism 5, sucking the sputum softened in the step S2 into the sputum collecting bottle 502 through the sputum suction mechanism 5, and taking out the tracheal intubation assembly 6 to realize sputum clearing.
The present invention is not limited to the above preferred embodiments, and any modifications, equivalent substitutions and improvements made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The sputum clearing device for the department of respiration is characterized by comprising a control box body (1), wherein a sound wave control mechanism (2) is arranged on the inner side of the control box body (1), a three-way connecting pipe (3) is arranged on one side of the sound wave control mechanism (2), an atomizing mechanism (4), a sputum suction mechanism (5) and a trachea cannula assembly (6) are respectively connected onto three connecting ports of the three-way connecting pipe (3), and a flowmeter (301) and an electromagnetic valve (302) are respectively arranged at two ends, close to the atomizing mechanism (4) and the sputum suction mechanism (5), of the three-way connecting pipe (3); the upper side of control box body (1) is equipped with touch display screen (7) and with control button (8) that touch display screen (7) electricity is connected, be equipped with control circuit (9) in touch display screen (7), touch display screen (7) pass through control circuit (9) respectively with atomizing mechanism (4) sound wave control mechanism (2) inhale phlegm mechanism (5) electricity and connect.
2. The sputum clearing device for the department of respiration as claimed in claim 1, wherein the atomization mechanism (4) comprises a liquid storage tank (401) and an atomization chamber (402), the liquid storage tank (401) is communicated with the atomization chamber (402) through a float switch (403), and the atomization chamber (402) is connected with the three-way connecting pipe (3) through an atomization port (405) after atomizing liquid through an ultrasonic energy conversion sheet (404).
3. The sputum cleaning device for the department of respiration as claimed in claim 2, wherein a liquid inlet is formed in the lower side of the liquid storage tank (401), the float switch (403) is mounted on the liquid inlet, an atomizing pool (406) is arranged in the atomizing chamber (402), a liquid level sensor is arranged on the side wall of the atomizing pool (406), and the liquid level sensor is electrically connected with the float switch (403).
4. The sputum cleaning device for the department of respiration of claim 3, wherein the ultrasonic transducer (404) is mounted at the bottom of the atomization pool (406), the atomization pool (406) is connected with the mist outlet (405) through a mist outlet pipeline, a fan air supply outlet (407) is arranged on one side wall of the mist outlet pipeline close to the atomization pool (406), and the fan air supply outlet (407) is connected with a fan (408) through an air supply pipe.
5. the sputum clearing device for the department of respiration as claimed in claim 1, wherein the sound wave control mechanism (2) comprises a sound wave instrument (201) emitting high-order variable frequency biological waves, the sound wave instrument (201) is connected with a sound outlet (202) through a sound wave connecting pipe, and the sound outlet (202) is arranged at one end of the tracheal intubation component (6).
6. The sputum cleaning device for the department of respiration as claimed in claim 5, wherein a sound wave control module (901) for adjusting the wavelength and frequency of biological waves is arranged on a control circuit (9) in the touch display screen (7), and the sound wave control module (901) is electrically connected with the sound wave instrument (201).
7. The sputum cleaning device for the department of respiration as claimed in claim 1, wherein the sputum suction mechanism (5) comprises a sputum aspirator (501) and a sputum collection bottle (502), one end of the sputum aspirator (501) is connected with the three-way connecting pipe (3) through a sputum suction connecting pipe, and the other end is connected with the sputum collection bottle (502) through a sputum discharge connecting pipe.
8. The sputum cleaning device for the department of respiration as claimed in claim 7, wherein the sputum aspirator (501) comprises a piston cylinder (503), a piston (504) located in the piston cylinder (503), and a piston rod (505) connected with the piston (504), one end of the piston rod (505) penetrates out of the piston cylinder (503) and is connected with a power assembly (506), one side of the piston cylinder (503) far away from the piston (504) is provided with a buffering sputum suction port, the buffering sputum suction port is respectively provided with a sputum suction port (507) and a sputum discharge port (508), the sputum suction port (507) is connected with a sputum suction connecting pipe through a sputum suction port one-way control valve, and the sputum discharge port (508) is connected with the sputum discharge connecting pipe through a sputum discharge port one-way control valve.
9. The sputum clearing device for the department of respiration as claimed in claim 1, wherein the endotracheal intubation component (6) comprises a hollow outer tube (601) and a trumpet-shaped mounting head (602) positioned at one end of the outer tube (601), an adjacent extension tube (603) and a conducting wire (604) are arranged in the outer tube (601), the extension tube (603) is communicated with the three-way connecting tube (3), one end of the conducting wire (604) is provided with an infrared searchlighting head (605), the other end of the conducting wire is electrically connected with the control circuit (9), and the infrared searchlighting head (605) is mounted at one side of the mounting head (602).
10. A sputum cleaning method of the sputum cleaning apparatus for the respiratory department according to any one of claims 1 to 9, comprising the steps of:
S1, switching on a power supply, inserting the tracheal intubation component (6) into the laryngeal cavity, loading the prepared mixed liquid medicine of the liquid medicine and the normal saline into a liquid storage tank (401) in an atomization mechanism (4), starting the atomization mechanism (4) to atomize the mixed liquid medicine in the liquid storage tank (401), and spraying the atomized liquid medicine out through a mounting head (602) at one end of the tracheal intubation component (6) after passing through a three-way connecting pipe (3) to dilute the sputum in the trachea;
S2, after standing for 5-10 min, closing the atomizing mechanism (4), starting the sound wave control mechanism (2), generating high-level variable-frequency biological waves by the sound wave control mechanism (2), sending the high-level variable-frequency biological waves through a sound outlet (202) on one side of the tracheal intubation component (6), and vibrating and softening the sputum diluted in the step S1 for 2-8 min;
S3, closing the sound wave control mechanism (2), starting the sputum suction mechanism (5), sucking the sputum softened in the step S2 into the sputum collection bottle (502) through the sputum suction mechanism (5), and taking out the tracheal intubation component (6), namely realizing sputum clearing.
CN201910881823.2A 2019-09-18 2019-09-18 Sputum clearing device and method for department of respiration Pending CN110559492A (en)

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CN201910881823.2A CN110559492A (en) 2019-09-18 2019-09-18 Sputum clearing device and method for department of respiration

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CN201910881823.2A CN110559492A (en) 2019-09-18 2019-09-18 Sputum clearing device and method for department of respiration

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CN105561486A (en) * 2015-11-16 2016-05-11 北京航空航天大学 Ultrasonic sputum eliminator
CN111643741A (en) * 2020-05-21 2020-09-11 刘春美 Adjustable ultrasonic atomization sputum suction tube
CN112932938A (en) * 2021-04-02 2021-06-11 深圳市安保科技有限公司 Sputum excretion equipment

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CN111643741A (en) * 2020-05-21 2020-09-11 刘春美 Adjustable ultrasonic atomization sputum suction tube
CN112932938A (en) * 2021-04-02 2021-06-11 深圳市安保科技有限公司 Sputum excretion equipment

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