CN109737414A - A kind of environment protection garbage incineration processing unit - Google Patents

A kind of environment protection garbage incineration processing unit Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN109737414A
CN109737414A CN201910021060.4A CN201910021060A CN109737414A CN 109737414 A CN109737414 A CN 109737414A CN 201910021060 A CN201910021060 A CN 201910021060A CN 109737414 A CN109737414 A CN 109737414A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
plates
plate
stir
filter
cylinders
Prior art date
Application number
CN201910021060.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN109737414B (en
Inventor
周旭东
邢明
李的根
Original Assignee
周旭东
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 周旭东 filed Critical 周旭东
Priority to CN201910021060.4A priority Critical patent/CN109737414B/en
Publication of CN109737414A publication Critical patent/CN109737414A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN109737414B publication Critical patent/CN109737414B/en

Links

Abstract

The invention belongs to waste processing arts, specifically a kind of environment protection garbage incineration processing unit;Including incinerator, feed inlet, igniter, motor, smoke cabin and controller;The igniter is located at the side below incinerator, and the motor is located at the top of incinerator, its output end runs through the top of incinerator and extends in incinerator;The incinerator inner top is equipped with heat collection unit;The lower section of heat collection unit is equipped with agitation unit, and the side of incinerator is equipped with filter element;The present invention can be improved;The efficiency of waste incineration, the heat and flue gas that can also be generated to waste incineration utilize, and improve the utilization rate of resource.

Description

A kind of environment protection garbage incineration processing unit

Technical field

The invention belongs to waste processing arts, specifically a kind of environment protection garbage incineration processing unit.

Background technique

Currently, there are mainly two types of the methods of garbage disposal: one is landfill method, another kind is incineration method, although landfill method It is fairly simple, but there is take up a large area, many shortcomings such as labour and financial charges are big, the time of rotting is long, relatively For, incineration method is a kind of relatively advanced processing method, and incineration method can handle various wastes of different nature, after burning 90% or more Waste volume can be reduced.

Also occurs the equipment of garbage disposal in the prior art, such as application No. is 200410025399 Chinese patents A kind of waste incinerator, including furnace body are disclosed, furnace body is provided with cold water pipe, is equipped with combustion chamber, combustion chamber in the lower part of furnace body There is feed inlet at place, is equipped with escape pipe in the outside of furnace body, incinerator further includes an air-introduced machine, and the air inlet of air-introduced machine is connected to out On tracheae, the air outlet of air-introduced machine is connected with a Smoke processor, and the inner sidewall of furnace body is equipped with flue, flue and outlet Pipe communicates.

A kind of waste incinerator of the technical solution, can burn rubbish, but rubbish in Burning Room not into Row processing, rubbish is burnt in the state of static, and it is insufficient that this will lead to incineration firing, and pernicious gas is caused to increase, Meanwhile flue gas is imported in shell using air-introduced machine and is filtered by the invention, this will lead to the impurity in air-introduced machine and substantially increases, Reduce the service life of air-introduced machine, and the invention does not utilize the heat and flue gas of waste incineration generation, reduces The utilization rate of resource;So that the technical solution is restricted.

Summary of the invention

In order to make up for the deficiencies of the prior art, the insufficient, rubbish with the incineration firing in solution in the prior art incinerator The problem of heat and flue gas that burning generates are not utilized;The invention proposes a kind of processing of environment protection garbage incineration to fill It sets.

The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of environment protection garbage incineration of the present invention Processing unit, including incinerator, feed inlet, igniter, motor, smoke cabin and controller;The controller is for controlling rubbish Incinerating and treating device work;The igniter is located at the side below incinerator, and the motor is located at that the top of incinerator, its is defeated Outlet runs through the top of incinerator and extends in incinerator;The incinerator inner top is equipped with heat collection unit, and heat collection unit is used It is utilized in the heat that waste incineration generates, heat collection unit includes heat-collecting box, positive convex shape baffle, No.1 fixed plate and one Number piston plate;The top inside incinerator is arranged in the heat-collecting box, and heat-collecting box is symmetrical arranged on the basis of the output end of motor; The No.1 fixed plate and No.1 piston plate are located in heat-collecting box, and No.1 fixed plate is located at the lower section of No.1 piston plate, and No.1 is solid The inside of fixed board and heat-collecting box is affixed, and No.1 fixed plate is equipped with solenoid valve;The outside of the incinerator is equipped with air intlet, empty Gas import and No.1 fixed plate are connected with the closed space that heat-collecting box is formed, and heat-collecting box is opened up far from the side for burning furnace sidewall There is opening, be open between No.1 fixed plate and No.1 piston plate, No.1 piston plate is connect by spring with heat-collecting box;It is described The part that the output end of motor is located in incinerator is connected with No.1 rotating bar, the one end of No.1 rotating bar far from motor output end Equipped with No.1 cylinder, the bottom of No.1 cylinder and No.1 rotating bar is affixed, its output end passes through positive convex shape baffle and is connected with two Number rotating bar, No.1 cylinder are connected by tracheae and No.1 piston plate with the closed space that heat-collecting box is formed, No.1 piston plate The gas in closed space formed with heat-collecting box is for driving the output end of No.1 cylinder to move up and down;No. two rotating bars It is equipped with agitation unit, agitation unit is used to stir the rubbish of burning;The agitation unit includes No.1 stir plate, No. two agitations Plate, No. three stir plates and rigidity rope, No.1 stir plate are symmetrical arranged on the basis of No. two rotating bars, and No. two stir plates are set in one In number stir plate, No. three stir plates are set in No. two stir plates, and No.1 stir plate is slidably connected with No. two stir plates, and No. two are stirred Movable plate is slidably connected with No. three stir plates, offers cavity, cavity in No.1 stir plate, No. two stir plates and No. three stir plates Interior to be equipped with spring, the spring between No.1 stir plate, No. two stir plates and No. three stir plates is contacted with the inner wall of cavity, No.1 Spring between stir plate, No. two stir plates and No. three stir plates is respectively affixed;The lower section of No. two rotating bars is equipped with convex Font through slot, the through slot of falling convex shape is interior to be equipped with No.1 pulley, after the one end rigidly restricted passes through No.1 stir plate and No. two stir plates Affixed with No. three one end of stir plate far from No. two stir plates, the other end rigidly restricted passes through No.1 pulley and incinerator bottom No. two pulley connections, in tensioned state when rigidity rope does not work;It is driven when the output end of the No.1 cylinder moves up and down rigid Property rope slided on No.1 pulley and No. two pulleys, rigidity rope on No.1 pulley and No. two pulleys slide when drive No.1 agitation Plate, No. two stir plates and No. three stir plates move back and forth in the horizontal direction;The present invention stirs unit by design agitation unit The rubbish that can be burned to needs carries out stirring for multi-angle, is conducive to the full combustion of rubbish, reduces the generation of pernicious gas, Improve the efficiency of waste incineration, while by design heat collection unit, the heat that waste incineration can be generated utilize and The working range that agitation unit can be increased, further improves the efficiency of waste incineration.

The rubbish burned will be needed to be passed through from feed inlet, initial igniter lights rubbish, and rubbish starts to burn, and opens at this time Dynamic motor, motor drive No.1 rotating bar and No. two rotating bar rotations, and No. two rotating bars drive No.1 stir plate, No. two when rotating Stir plate and No. three stir plates rotate in the horizontal direction, carry out rotation to the rubbish burned and stir, improve rubbish and burn The rate of burning;As rubbish constantly burns, the heat of generation is attached to the bottom of heat-collecting box, makes heat-collecting box and No.1 fixed plate Between the temperature of gas constantly increase, the pressure of gas constantly increases while gas temperature constantly increases, when heat-collecting box and one When the pressure of gas reaches peak value between number fixed plate, the pressure valve in No.1 fixed plate is opened, heat-collecting box and No.1 fixed plate Between gas moment impact No.1 piston plate move up No.1 piston plate, No.1 piston plate compresses No.1 piston plate and thermal-arrest Gas between case enters in No.1 cylinder, and the output end of No.1 cylinder, which stretches out, drives No. two rotating bars to move down, and No. two turn The rubbish of burning is once stirred in the vertical direction when lever moves down, and rigidity when No. two rotating bars move down Rope becomes relaxed state from tight state, and No. two stir plates and No. three stir plates are moved to the side wall of incinerator under the action of the spring It is dynamic, the rubbish of burning is once stirred in the horizontal direction;After gas impacts No.1 piston plate, gas is from heat-collecting box one The opening of side is discharged into incinerator, and No.1 piston plate returns to initial position, No.1 cylinder under the action of the spring at this time Output end move up, the rubbish on vertical direction is once turned over again when the output end of No.1 cylinder moves up Dynamic, rigidity rope becomes tight state from relaxed state at this time, and No. two stir plates and No. three agitations start to shrink, again to level Rubbish on direction is once stirred;Ceaselessly worked by gas collection unit, can make stir unit multi-angle to rubbish It is stirred, greatly reduces the time of waste incineration, guaranteed garbage energy burning sufficiently, reduce the generation of pernicious gas.

Preferably, the side of the incinerator is equipped with filter element, and filter element is connected to by pipe with smoke cabin, mistake The flue gas that filter unit is used to generate waste incineration is handled, and filter element includes riser, filter chamber, No.1 filter plate and two Number filter plate;The riser is located at the middle part of filter chamber, and filter chamber is divided into No.1 chamber and No. two chambers by riser, riser Lower section offers through-hole, and the side of No.1 cavity bottom is equipped with water outlet, and the side wall of No. two chambers is equipped with gas outlet, No.1 mistake Filter plate and No. two filter plates are respectively positioned in No.1 chamber;The present invention passes through No.1 filter plate and No. two by design filter element Filter plate is used cooperatively, and can be carried out multiple filtration to the flue gas that waste incineration generates, so that flue gas is reached the standard of discharge, protect Environment is protected.

Preferably, be equipped with gas collection unit in the No.1 chamber, the flue gas that gas collection unit is used to generate incineration firing into Row utilizes, and gas collection unit includes gas collection plate, No. two fixed plates and No. two piston plates, gas collection plate and No. two fixed plates and No.1 chamber Side wall it is affixed, gas collection plate is equipped with check valve, and No. two fixed plates are equipped with air pressure valve, and No. two piston plates are located at No. two fixed plates Top, No. two piston plates are connect by spring with the top of No.1 chamber;Hollow passageway is offered in the riser, it is hollow logical The one end in road is between No. two fixed plates and No. two piston plates, the other end is located at the lower sections of No. two fixed plates;The filter chamber Top be equipped with water tank, be equipped with No. two cylinders in water tank, the bottom of No. two cylinders and the bottom of water tank are affixed, No. two cylinders it is defeated Outlet is connected with No. three piston plates, and the water level in water tank is above No. three piston plates;It is uniformly provided on the side wall of the pipe The water outlet of spray head, spray head is protruded into pipe, and the water inlet end of spray head is connected to by water pipe with water tank;The present invention passes through design Gas collection unit, the flue gas generated when can be by waste incineration utilize, and the impact force for utilizing flue gas to generate drives No. two cylinder works Make, sprays, make in spray head from spray head after driving No. three compression plates to go out the hydraulic pressure in water tank when the output end of No. two cylinders stretches out Water can directly and smoke contacts, on the one hand, improve the utilization rate of resource;On the other hand, the water sprayed in spray head can drop The content of impurity in low flue gas, and pipe can be cleaned.

Preferably, the pipe is spliced by short tube, and the pipe that short tube is spliced is conducive to the clear of pipe It washes;Improve the service life of pipe.

Preferably, the No.1 filter plate is located at the lower section of No. two filter plates, the end of No.1 filter plate and No.1 chamber Contact, the lower section of No.1 filter plate are equipped with No. three cylinders, the bottom of No. three cylinders and bottom of No.1 chamber is affixed, its output end Affixed with No.1 filter plate, the vibration of No.1 filter plate makes No. three cylinders when the water in water tank is fallen on No.1 filter plate through pipe Output end move up and down.

Preferably, the end of No. two filter plates is contacted with No.1 chamber, and the diameter of filter hole is big on No. two filter plates No. four cylinders, the output end and two of No. four cylinders are equipped in the lower section of the diameter of filter hole on No.1 filter plate, No. two filter plates Number filter plate is affixed, and No. four cylinders are connected to No. three cylinders, the gas when output end in No. three cylinders retracts in No. three cylinders It stretches out the output end of No. four cylinders in into No. four cylinders, drives No. two filter plates to move when the output end of No. four cylinders stretches out It is dynamic;The present invention can make the ceaselessly vibration of No.1 filter plate and No. two filter plates by No. three cylinders and No. four cylinder cooperations, The objectionable impurities in flue gas is set quickly to filter.

While rubbish burns in incinerator, the flue gas of generation enters in filter chamber through smoke cabin, pipe stream, flue gas After initially entering the interior movement to the top of No.1 chamber of No.1 chamber, enter between No. two fixed plates and gas collection plate from check valve In closed space, when the flue gas content in the closed space between No. two fixed plates and gas collection plate reaches peak value, No. two fixations Air pressure valve on plate is opened, No. two piston plates of flue gas moment impact, and No. two piston plates compress No. two piston plates and No.1 chamber shape At closed space in gas, enter gas in No. two cylinders, the output end of No. two cylinders, which moves up, pushes No. three work Seben sprays the water in water tank finally by spray head through water pipe discharge, the smoke contacts in water and pipe that spray head sprays, and one Aspect can reduce the temperature and impurity of flue gas, can reach the standard of quick drain;On the other hand pipe can be cleaned The impurity of interior attachment, No. two piston plates of smoke-shock being discharged through pressure valve in No. two fixed plates flow back to one through hollow passageway after In number chamber;The water that spray head sprays at this time falls on No.1 filter plate and No. two filter plates and is filtered after pipe discharge, Since the gravity of water makes No.1 filter plate generate vibration, the output end of No. three cylinders is retracted when No.1 filter plate shakes, No. three gas The gas that cylinder is discharged when retracting, which enters in No. four cylinders, stretches out the output end of No. four cylinders, and the output end of No. four cylinders stretches out band Dynamic No. two filter plates vibration improves No.1 filter plate and No. two filterings by the mutual cooperation of No. three cylinders and No. four cylinders The efficiency of plate impurity screening;Flue gas flows into No. two chambers, finally by outlet after spraying water, filtering from the through-hole on riser Mouth discharge;The indoor water of No.1 chamber is discharged after No.1 filter plate and No. two filter plates through water outlet.

Beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:

1. a kind of environment protection garbage incineration processing unit of the present invention, waste incineration is high-efficient, is stirred by design Unit can rotatably stir the rubbish of burning, improve the efficiency of waste incineration, greatly reduce the production of pernicious gas It is raw, protect environment.

2. a kind of environment protection garbage incineration processing unit of the present invention, resource utilization is high, by designing thermal-arrest list Member, the heat that can be generated to waste incineration utilize, and make agitation unit that can also move up and down while rotating, increase The working range of agitation unit, further improves the efficiency of waste incineration.

3. a kind of environment protection garbage incineration processing unit of the present invention, the feature of environmental protection is good, can by designing gas collection unit The flue gas generated to incineration firing utilizes, and sprays the water in water tank from spray head and carries out depositing dust to flue gas, while also can be right Pipe is cleared up, then by design filter element, can be greatly reduced with being filtered again with gas collection unit to flue gas The content of impurity, is advantageously used for the discharge of flue gas, protects environment in flue gas.

Detailed description of the invention

The present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings.

Fig. 1 is main view of the invention;

Fig. 2 is main view when the invention works;

Fig. 3 is the partial enlarged view in Fig. 1 at A;

In figure: incinerator 1, igniter 2, smoke cabin 3, pipe 31, heat collection unit 4, heat-collecting box 41, positive convex shape baffle 42, No.1 fixed plate 43, No.1 piston plate 44, air intlet 45, No.1 rotating bar 5,51, No. two rotating bars 52 of No.1 cylinder, The through slot of falling convex shape 53,54, No. two pulleys 55 of No.1 pulley, agitation unit 6, the stir plate 62, three of No.1 stir plate 61, two Stir plate 63, rigidity rope 64, filter element 7, riser 71, filter chamber 72,721, No. two chambers 722 of No.1 chamber, No.1 filtering 74, No. four cylinders 741 of the filter plate of cylinder 731, two of plate 73, three, 81, No. two gas collection unit 8, gas collection plate fixed plates 82, two Number piston plate 83, hollow passageway 84, water tank 85, two cylinder 86, three piston plate 87, spray head 88.

Specific embodiment

In order to be easy to understand the technical means, the creative features, the aims and the efficiencies achieved by the present invention, tie below Specific embodiment is closed, the present invention is further explained.

As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, a kind of environment protection garbage incineration processing unit of the present invention, including incinerator 1, into Material mouth, igniter 2, motor, smoke cabin 3 and controller;The controller is for controlling waste incineration treatment apparatus work;It is described Igniter 2 is located at the side of 1 lower section of incinerator, and the motor is located at the top of incinerator 1, its output end through incinerator 1 Top simultaneously extends in incinerator 1;1 inner top of incinerator is equipped with heat collection unit 4, and heat collection unit 4 is used for waste incineration The heat of generation is utilized, and heat collection unit 4 includes that heat-collecting box 41, positive convex shape baffle 42, No.1 fixed plate 43 and No.1 are living Seben 44;The top inside incinerator 1 is arranged in the heat-collecting box 41, and heat-collecting box 41 is symmetrically set on the basis of the output end of motor It sets;The No.1 fixed plate 43 and No.1 piston plate 44 are located in heat-collecting box 41, and No.1 fixed plate 43 is located at No.1 piston plate 44 Lower section, No.1 fixed plate 43 and the inside of heat-collecting box 41 are affixed, No.1 fixed plate 43 be equipped with solenoid valve;The incinerator 1 Outside be equipped with air intlet 45, air intlet 45 and No.1 fixed plate 43 be connected with the closed space that heat-collecting box 41 is formed, Heat-collecting box 41 offers opening far from the side of 1 side wall of incinerator, opening be located at No.1 fixed plate 43 and No.1 piston plate 44 it Between, No.1 piston plate 44 is connect by spring with heat-collecting box 41;The part that the output end of the motor is located in incinerator 1 is affixed There is No.1 rotating bar 5, No.1 rotating bar 5 is equipped with No.1 cylinder 51, the bottom of No.1 cylinder 51 far from one end of motor output end With No.1 rotating bar 5 is affixed, its output end passes through positive convex shape baffle 42 and is connected with No. two rotating bars 52, No.1 cylinder 51 passes through Tracheae and No.1 piston plate 44 are connected with the closed space that heat-collecting box 41 is formed, and No.1 piston plate 44 is formed with heat-collecting box 41 Gas in closed space is for driving the output end of No.1 cylinder 51 to move up and down;No. two rotating bars 52 are equipped with agitation Unit 6, agitation unit 6 are used to stir the rubbish of burning;The agitation unit 6 include 61, No. two stir plates 62 of No.1 stir plate, No. three stir plates 63 and rigidity rope 64, No.1 stir plate 61 is symmetrical arranged on the basis of No. two rotating bars 52, No. two stir plates 62 It is set in No.1 stir plate 61, No. three stir plates 63 are set in No. two stir plates 62, No.1 stir plate 61 and No. two agitations Plate 62 is slidably connected, and No. two stir plates 62 are slidably connected with No. three stir plates 63,61, No. two stir plates 62 and three of No.1 stir plate Cavity is offered in number stir plate 63, is equipped with spring, 61, No. two stir plates 62 of No.1 stir plate and No. three stir plates in cavity Spring between 63 is contacted with the inner wall of cavity, between 61, No. two stir plates 62 of No.1 stir plate and No. three stir plates 63 Spring is respectively affixed;The lower section of No. two rotating bars 52 is equipped with the through slot of falling convex shape 53, is equipped with one in the through slot of falling convex shape 53 Number pulley 54, one end of rigidity rope 64 pass through after No.1 stir plate 61 and No. two stir plates 62 with No. three stir plates 63 far from No. two One end of stir plate 62 is affixed, and the other end of rigidity rope 64 is connected by No.1 pulley 54 and No. two pulleys 55 of 1 bottom of incinerator It connects, in tensioned state when rigidity rope 64 does not work;Rigidity rope 64 is driven when the output end of the No.1 cylinder 51 moves up and down It is slided on No.1 pulley 54 and No. two pulleys 55, rigidity rope 64 drives one when sliding on No.1 pulley 54 and No. two pulleys 55 Number 61, No. two stir plates 62 of stir plate and No. three stir plates 63 move back and forth in the horizontal direction;The present invention passes through design agitation Unit 6, the rubbish that agitation unit 6 can burn needs carry out stirring for multi-angle, are conducive to the full combustion of rubbish, reduce The generation of pernicious gas improves the efficiency of waste incineration, while by design heat collection unit 4, can generate to waste incineration Heat utilized, and can increase agitation unit 6 working range, further improve the efficiency of waste incineration.

The rubbish burned will be needed to be passed through from feed inlet, initial igniter 2 lights rubbish, and rubbish starts to burn, at this time Start motor, motor drives No.1 rotating bar 5 and No. two rotating bars 52 to rotate, and No. two rotating bars 52 drive No.1 agitation when rotating 61, No. two stir plates 62 of plate and No. three stir plates 63 rotate in the horizontal direction, carry out rotation to the rubbish burned and stir, Improve the rate of waste incineration;As rubbish constantly burns, the heat of generation is attached to the bottom of heat-collecting box 41, makes thermal-arrest The temperature of gas constantly increases between case 41 and No.1 fixed plate 43, and the pressure of gas is continuous while gas temperature constantly increases Increase, the pressure valve when the pressure of gas between heat-collecting box 41 and No.1 fixed plate 43 reaches peak value, in No.1 fixed plate 43 It opens, gas moment impact No.1 piston plate 44 makes No.1 piston plate 44 to moving up between heat-collecting box 41 and No.1 fixed plate 43 Dynamic, the gas that No.1 piston plate 44 compresses between No.1 piston plate 44 and heat-collecting box 41 enters in No.1 cylinder 51, No.1 cylinder 51 output end, which stretches out, drives No. two rotating bars 52 to move down, to the rubbish of burning perpendicular when No. two rotating bars 52 move down Histogram is once stirred upwards, and when No. two rotating bars 52 move down rigidly restricts 64 becomes relaxed state from tight state, No. two stir plates 62 and No. three stir plates 63 are mobile to the side wall of incinerator 1 under the action of the spring, in the horizontal direction to burning The rubbish of burning is once stirred;After gas impacts No.1 piston plate 44, gas is discharged from the opening of 41 side of heat-collecting box Into in incinerator 1, No.1 piston plate 44 returns to initial position under the action of the spring at this time, the output end of No.1 cylinder 51 to The rubbish on vertical direction is once stirred again when the output end of upper movement, No.1 cylinder 51 moves up, at this time Rigidity rope 64 becomes tight state from relaxed state, and No. two stir plates 62 and No. three agitations start to shrink, again to level side Upward rubbish is once stirred;Ceaselessly worked by gas collection unit 8, can make stir 6 multi-angle of unit to rubbish It is stirred, greatly reduces the time of waste incineration, guaranteed garbage energy burning sufficiently, reduce the generation of pernicious gas.

As a kind of specific embodiment of the invention, the side of the incinerator 1 is equipped with filter element 7, filter element 7 It is connected to by pipe 31 with smoke cabin 3, the flue gas that filter element 7 is used to generate waste incineration is handled, filter element 7 Including riser 71, filter chamber 72, No.1 filter plate 73 and No. two filter plates 74;The riser 71 is located at the middle part of filter chamber 72, Riser 71 divides filter chamber 72 for No.1 chamber 721 and No. two chambers 722, and the lower section of riser 71 offers through-hole, No.1 chamber The side of 721 bottoms is equipped with water outlet, and the side wall of No. two chambers 722 is equipped with gas outlet, No.1 filter plate 73 and No. two filterings Plate 74 is respectively positioned in No.1 chamber 721;The present invention passes through No.1 filter plate 73 and No. two filter plates by design filter element 7 74 be used cooperatively, can carry out multiple filtration to the flue gas that waste incineration generates, so that flue gas is reached the standard of discharge, protect Environment.

As a kind of specific embodiment of the invention, gas collection unit 8, gas collection unit 8 are equipped in the No.1 chamber 721 For utilizing to the flue gas that incineration firing generates, gas collection unit 8 includes 81, No. two fixed plates 82 of gas collection plate and No. two pistons Plate 83, gas collection plate 81 and No. two fixed plates 82 and the side wall of No.1 chamber 721 are affixed, gas collection plate 81 be equipped with check valve, No. two Fixed plate 82 is equipped with air pressure valve, and No. two piston plates 83 are located at the top of No. two fixed plates 82, and No. two piston plates 83 pass through spring It is connect with the top of No.1 chamber 721;Hollow passageway 84 is offered in the riser 71, one end of hollow passageway 84 is located at No. two Between fixed plate 82 and No. two piston plates 83, the other end be located at the lower sections of No. two fixed plates 82;The top of the filter chamber 72 is set There is water tank 85, is equipped with No. two cylinders 86 in water tank 85, the bottom of No. two cylinders 86 and the bottom of water tank 85 are affixed, No. two cylinders 86 Output end be connected with No. three piston plates 87, the water level in water tank 85 is above No. three piston plates 87;The side of the pipe 31 Spray head 88 is uniformly provided on wall, the water outlet of spray head 88 is protruded into pipe 31, and the water inlet end of spray head 88 passes through water pipe and water outlet Case 85 is connected to;By design gas collection unit 8, the flue gas generated when can be by waste incineration is utilized, is produced using flue gas the present invention Raw impact force drives No. two cylinders 86 to work, and drives No. three compression plates will be in water tank 85 when the output end of No. two cylinders 86 stretches out Hydraulic pressure go out after sprayed from spray head 88, make water in spray head 88 can directly and smoke contacts, on the one hand, to improve the utilization of resource Rate;On the other hand, the water sprayed in spray head 88 can reduce the content of impurity in flue gas and clean to pipe 31.

As a kind of specific embodiment of the invention, the pipe 31 is spliced by short tube, and short tube is spliced Pipe 31 be conducive to the cleaning of pipe 31;Improve the service life of pipe 31.

As a kind of specific embodiment of the invention, the No.1 filter plate 73 is located at the lower section of No. two filter plates 74, The end of No.1 filter plate 73 is contacted with No.1 chamber 721, and the lower section of No.1 filter plate 73 is equipped with No. three cylinders 731, No. three gas The bottom of the bottom of cylinder 731 and No.1 chamber 721 is affixed, its output end and No.1 filter plate 73 are affixed, the water warp in water tank 85 The vibration of No.1 filter plate 73 moves up and down the output end of No. three cylinders 731 when pipe 31 is fallen on No.1 filter plate 73.

As a kind of specific embodiment of the invention, the end of No. two filter plates 74 is contacted with No.1 chamber 721, The diameter of filter hole is greater than the diameter of filter hole on No.1 filter plate 73 on No. two filter plates 74, and the lower section of No. two filter plates 74 is set There are No. four cylinders 741, the output end of No. four cylinders 741 and No. two filter plates 74 are affixed, No. four cylinders 741 and No. three cylinders 731 It is connected to, the gas when output end in No. three cylinders 731 retracts in No. three cylinders 731, which enters in No. four cylinders 741, makes No. four gas The output end of cylinder 741 stretches out, and drives No. two filter plates 74 mobile when the output end of No. four cylinders 741 stretches out;The present invention passes through three Number cylinder 731 and No. four cylinders 741 cooperate, and can make the ceaselessly vibration of No.1 filter plate 73 and No. two filter plates 74, make cigarette Objectionable impurities in gas can be filtered quickly.

While rubbish burns in incinerator 1, the flue gas of generation enters filter chamber 72 through smoke cabin 3, the stream of pipe 31 It is interior, after flue gas initially enters the interior movement to the top of No.1 chamber 721 of No.1 chamber 721, enter No. two fixed plates from check valve In closed space between 82 and gas collection plate 81, when the flue gas in the closed space between No. two fixed plates 82 and gas collection plate 81 contains When amount reaches peak value, the air pressure valve in No. two fixed plates 82 is opened, No. two piston plates 83 of flue gas moment impact, No. two piston plates 83 The gas in the closed space that No. two piston plates 83 and No.1 chamber 721 are formed is compressed, enters gas in No. two cylinders 86, two The output end of number cylinder 86, which moves up, pushes No. three piston plates 87 that the water in water tank 85 is discharged finally by spray head 88 through water pipe It sprays, on the one hand the smoke contacts in water and pipe 31 that spray head 88 sprays can reduce the temperature and impurity of flue gas, make it The standard of quick drain can be reached;On the other hand the impurity adhered in pipe 31 can be cleaned, through pressing in No. two fixed plates 82 No. two piston plates 83 of smoke-shock of power valve discharge flow back in No.1 chamber 721 after through hollow passageway 84;Spray head 88 sprays at this time The water entered falls on No.1 filter plate 73 and No. two filter plates 74 and is filtered, due to the gravity of water after the discharge of pipe 31 No.1 filter plate 73 is set to generate vibration, the output end of No. three cylinders 731 retracts when No.1 filter plate 73 shakes, No. three cylinders 731 The gas being discharged when retraction, which enters in No. four cylinders 741, stretches out the output end of No. four cylinders 741, the output of No. four cylinders 741 End, which is stretched out, drives No. two filter plates 74 to shake, and by the mutual cooperation of No. three cylinders 731 and No. four cylinders 741, improves No.1 The efficiency of filter plate 73 and No. two 74 impurity screenings of filter plate;Flue gas flows into after spraying water, filtering from the through-hole on riser 71 In No. two chambers 722, finally it is discharged by gas outlet;Water in No.1 chamber 721 passes through No.1 filter plate 73 and No. two filter plates It is discharged after 74 filterings through water outlet.

When work, the rubbish burned will be needed to be passed through from feed inlet, initial igniter 2 lights rubbish, and rubbish starts to burn It burns, starts motor at this time, motor drives No.1 rotating bar 5 and No. two rotating bars 52 to rotate, and No. two rotating bars 52 drive when rotating 61, No. two stir plates 62 of No.1 stir plate and No. three stir plates 63 rotate in the horizontal direction, carry out to the rubbish burned Rotation is stirred, and the rate of waste incineration is improved;As rubbish constantly burns, the heat of generation is attached to the bottom of heat-collecting box 41 Portion increases the temperature of gas between heat-collecting box 41 and No.1 fixed plate 43 constantly, gas while gas temperature constantly increases Pressure constantly increase, when the pressure of gas between heat-collecting box 41 and No.1 fixed plate 43 reaches peak value, No.1 fixed plate 43 On pressure valve open, gas moment impact No.1 piston plate 44 makes No.1 piston plate between heat-collecting box 41 and No.1 fixed plate 43 44 move up, and the gas that No.1 piston plate 44 compresses between No.1 piston plate 44 and heat-collecting box 41 enters in No.1 cylinder 51, The output end of No.1 cylinder 51, which stretches out, drives No. two rotating bars 52 to move down, to burning when No. two rotating bars 52 move down Rubbish is once stirred in the vertical direction, and when No. two rotating bars 52 move down rigidly restricts 64 becomes pine from tight state Relaxation state, No. two stir plates 62 and No. three stir plates 63 are mobile to the side wall of incinerator 1 under the action of the spring, in the horizontal direction On the rubbish of burning is once stirred;After gas impacts No.1 piston plate 44, opening of the gas from 41 side of heat-collecting box Place is discharged into incinerator 1, and No.1 piston plate 44 returns to initial position under the action of the spring at this time, No.1 cylinder 51 it is defeated Outlet moves up, and is once turned over to the rubbish on vertical direction again when the output end of No.1 cylinder 51 moves up Dynamic, rigidity rope 64 becomes tight state from relaxed state at this time, and No. two stir plates 62 and No. three agitations start to shrink, right again Rubbish in horizontal direction is once stirred;It is ceaselessly worked by gas collection unit 8, can make to stir 6 multi-angle of unit Rubbish is stirred, the time of waste incineration is greatly reduced, guarantees garbage energy burning sufficiently, reduces the production of pernicious gas It is raw;While rubbish burns in incinerator 1, the flue gas of generation enters in filter chamber 72 through smoke cabin 3, the stream of pipe 31, cigarette After gas initially enters the interior movement to the top of No.1 chamber 721 of No.1 chamber 721, enter No. two fixed plates 82 and collection from check valve In closed space between gas plate 81, when the flue gas content in the closed space between No. two fixed plates 82 and gas collection plate 81 reaches When peak value, the air pressure valve in No. two fixed plates 82 is opened, No. two piston plates 83 of flue gas moment impact, No. two compressions of piston plate 83 two The gas in closed space that number piston plate 83 and No.1 chamber 721 are formed, enters gas in No. two cylinders 86, No. two cylinders 86 output end, which moves up, pushes No. three piston plates 87 to spray the water in water tank 85 finally by spray head 88 through water pipe discharge, sprays Smoke contacts in first 88 water and pipe 31 sprayed, on the one hand can reduce the temperature and impurity of flue gas, can reach The standard of quick drain;On the other hand the impurity adhered in pipe 31 can be cleaned, is arranged through pressure valve in No. two fixed plates 82 No. two piston plates 83 of smoke-shock out flow back in No.1 chamber 721 after through hollow passageway 84;The water that spray head 88 sprays at this time After the discharge of pipe 31, falls on No.1 filter plate 73 and No. two filter plates 74 and be filtered, since the gravity of water makes No.1 Filter plate 73 generates vibration, and the output end of No. three cylinders 731 retracts when No.1 filter plate 73 shakes, when No. three cylinders 731 retract The gas of discharge, which enters in No. four cylinders 741, stretches out the output end of No. four cylinders 741, and the output end of No. four cylinders 741 stretches out It drives No. two filter plates 74 to shake, by the mutual cooperation of No. three cylinders 731 and No. four cylinders 741, improves No.1 filter plate 73 and No. two 74 impurity screenings of filter plate efficiency;Flue gas flows into No. two chambers after spraying water, filtering, from the through-hole on riser 71 In room 722, finally it is discharged by gas outlet;Water in No.1 chamber 721 is filtered by No.1 filter plate 73 and No. two filter plates 74 It is discharged by water outlet.

The basic principles, main features and advantages of the invention have been shown and described above.The technical staff of the industry should Understand, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and the above embodiments and description only describe originals of the invention Reason, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and improvements may be made to the invention, these changes and improvements It all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention is by appended claims and its equivalent circle It is fixed.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of environment protection garbage incineration processing unit, it is characterised in that: including incinerator (1), feed inlet, igniter (2), electricity Machine, smoke cabin (3) and controller;The controller is for controlling waste incineration treatment apparatus work;The igniter (2) is located at Side below incinerator (1), the motor is located at the top of incinerator (1), its output end runs through the top of incinerator (1) simultaneously It extends in incinerator (1);Incinerator (1) inner top is equipped with heat collection unit (4), and heat collection unit (4) is for burning rubbish It burns the heat generated to be utilized, heat collection unit (4) includes heat-collecting box (41), positive convex shape baffle (42), No.1 fixed plate (43) and No.1 piston plate (44);Heat-collecting box (41) setting top internal in incinerator (1), heat-collecting box (41) is with motor Output end on the basis of be symmetrical arranged;The No.1 fixed plate (43) and No.1 piston plate (44) are located in heat-collecting box (41), and one Number fixed plate (43) is located at the lower section of No.1 piston plate (44), and No.1 fixed plate (43) and the inside of heat-collecting box (41) are affixed, and one Number fixed plate (43) is equipped with solenoid valve;The outside of the incinerator (1) is equipped with air intlet (45), air intlet (45) and one Number fixed plate (43) is connected with the closed space that heat-collecting box (41) is formed, heat-collecting box (41) far from incinerator (1) side wall one Side offers opening, is open between No.1 fixed plate (43) and No.1 piston plate (44), No.1 piston plate (44) passes through bullet Spring is connect with heat-collecting box (41);The part that the output end of the motor is located in incinerator (1) is connected with No.1 rotating bar (5), No.1 rotating bar (5) is equipped with No.1 cylinder (51) far from one end of motor output end, and the bottom of No.1 cylinder (51) and No.1 turn Lever (5) is affixed, its output end passes through positive convex shape baffle (42) and is connected with No. two rotating bars (52), and No.1 cylinder (51) passes through Tracheae and No.1 piston plate (44) are connected with the closed space that heat-collecting box (41) is formed, No.1 piston plate (44) and heat-collecting box (41) gas in the closed space formed is for driving the output end of No.1 cylinder (51) to move up and down;No. two rotating bars (52) it is equipped with agitation unit (6), agitation unit (6) is used to stir the rubbish of burning;The agitation unit (6) includes that No.1 is stirred Movable plate (61), No. two stir plates (62), No. three stir plates (63) and rigidity rope (64), No.1 stir plate (61) is with No. two rotating bars (52) it is symmetrical arranged on the basis of, No. two stir plates (62) are set in No.1 stir plate (61), and No. three stir plates (63) are set in In No. two stir plates (62), No.1 stir plate (61) is slidably connected with No. two stir plates (62), No. two stir plates (62) and No. three Stir plate (63) is slidably connected, and opens up in No.1 stir plate (61), No. two stir plates (62) and No. three stir plates (63) free Chamber is equipped with spring in cavity, the spring between No.1 stir plate (61), No. two stir plates (62) and No. three stir plates (63) with The inner wall of cavity contacts, and the spring between No.1 stir plate (61), No. two stir plates (62) and No. three stir plates (63) is respectively solid It connects;The lower section of No. two rotating bars (52) is equipped with the through slot of falling convex shape (53), and it is sliding that No.1 is equipped in the through slot of falling convex shape (53) It takes turns (54), it is remote with No. three stir plates (63) afterwards that one end of rigidity rope (64) passes through No.1 stir plate (61) and No. two stir plates (62) One end of from No. two stir plates (62) is affixed, and the other end of rigidity rope (64) passes through No.1 pulley (54) and incinerator (1) bottom The connection of No. two pulleys (55), rigidity restrict (64) when not working in tensioned state;On the output end of the No.1 cylinder (51) Rigidity rope (64) is driven to slide on No.1 pulley (54) and No. two pulleys (55) when lower mobile, rigidity restricts (64) in No.1 pulley (54) and on No. two pulleys (55) No.1 stir plate (61), No. two stir plates (62) and No. three stir plates (63) are driven to exist when sliding Move back and forth in horizontal direction.
2. a kind of environment protection garbage incineration processing unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the incinerator (1) Side be equipped with filter element (7), filter element (7) is connected to by pipe (31) with smoke cabin (3), filter element (7) use It is handled in the flue gas that waste incineration generates, filter element (7) includes riser (71), filter chamber (72), No.1 filter plate (73) and No. two filter plates (74);The riser (71) is located at the middle part of filter chamber (72), and riser (71) divides filter chamber (72) For No.1 chamber (721) and No. two chambers (722), through-hole is offered below riser (71), the one of No.1 chamber (721) bottom Side is equipped with water outlet, and the side wall of No. two chambers (722) is equipped with gas outlet, and No.1 filter plate (73) and No. two filter plates (74) are equal In No.1 chamber (721).
3. a kind of environment protection garbage incineration processing unit according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the No.1 chamber (721) gas collection unit (8) are equipped in, the flue gas that gas collection unit (8) is used to generate incineration firing utilizes, gas collection unit (8) include gas collection plate (81), No. two fixed plates (82) and No. two piston plates (83), gas collection plate (81) and No. two fixed plates (82) with The side wall of No.1 chamber (721) is affixed, and gas collection plate (81) is equipped with check valve, and No. two fixed plates (82) are equipped with air pressure valve, and two Number piston plate (83) is located at the top of No. two fixed plates (82), and No. two piston plates (83) pass through spring and No.1 chamber (721) Top connection;It is offered hollow passageway (84) in the riser (71), one end of hollow passageway (84) is located at No. two fixed plates (82) between No. two piston plates (83), the other end be located at the lower sections of No. two fixed plates (82);The top of the filter chamber (72) Equipped with water tank (85), No. two cylinders (86) are equipped in water tank (85), the bottom of No. two cylinders (86) and the bottom of water tank (85) are solid It connects, the output end of No. two cylinders (86) is connected with No. three piston plates (87), and the water level in water tank (85) is in No. three piston plates (87) Top;It being uniformly provided with spray head (88) on the side wall of the pipe (31), the water outlet of spray head (88) is protruded into pipe (31), The water inlet end of spray head (88) is connected to by water pipe with water tank (85).
4. a kind of environment protection garbage incineration processing unit according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the pipe (31) It is spliced by short tube, the pipe (31) that short tube is spliced is conducive to the cleaning of pipe (31).
5. a kind of environment protection garbage incineration processing unit according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the No.1 filter plate (73) it is located at the lower section of No. two filter plates (74), the end of No.1 filter plate (73) is contacted with No.1 chamber (721), No.1 filtering The lower section of plate (73) be equipped with No. three cylinders (731), the bottom of No. three cylinders (731) and the bottom of No.1 chamber (721) it is affixed, its Output end and No.1 filter plate (73) are affixed, one when the water in water tank (85) is fallen on No.1 filter plate (73) through pipe (31) The vibration of number filter plate (73) moves up and down the output end of No. three cylinders (731).
6. a kind of environment protection garbage incineration processing unit according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: No. two filter plates (74) end is contacted with No.1 chamber (721), and the diameter of filter hole is greater than No.1 filter plate (73) on No. two filter plates (74) The diameter of upper filter hole, the lower sections of No. two filter plates (74) are equipped with No. four cylinders (741), the output end of No. four cylinders (741) with No. two filter plates (74) are affixed, and No. four cylinders (741) are connected to No. three cylinders (731), the output end contracting in No. three cylinders (731) Gas when returning in No. three cylinders (731), which enters in No. four cylinders (741), stretches out the output end of No. four cylinders (741), and No. four Drive No. two filter plates (74) mobile when the output end of cylinder (741) stretches out.
CN201910021060.4A 2019-01-09 2019-01-09 Environment-friendly waste incineration device CN109737414B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910021060.4A CN109737414B (en) 2019-01-09 2019-01-09 Environment-friendly waste incineration device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910021060.4A CN109737414B (en) 2019-01-09 2019-01-09 Environment-friendly waste incineration device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109737414A true CN109737414A (en) 2019-05-10
CN109737414B CN109737414B (en) 2019-12-13

Family

ID=66364236

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910021060.4A CN109737414B (en) 2019-01-09 2019-01-09 Environment-friendly waste incineration device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN109737414B (en)

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000146132A (en) * 1998-11-10 2000-05-26 Inoenbairo Techno Kk Incineration ash volume reduction system
EP2716740A1 (en) * 2012-10-02 2014-04-09 Giancarlo Baldi Continuous-type gasifier, in particular for biomasses and urban and industrial wastes
CN203598501U (en) * 2013-10-18 2014-05-21 江苏法尔胜技术开发中心有限公司 Waste emulsified liquid concentration device
CN203757729U (en) * 2014-04-14 2014-08-06 浙江华川实业集团有限公司 Waste incineration device
CN204891716U (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-12-23 浙江春宝胶囊有限公司 Production of hollow capsule is with colloidal sol device that can realize that glue solution body rolls
CN105864789A (en) * 2016-03-29 2016-08-17 浙江海洋学院 Garbage incineration device and method
CN205586875U (en) * 2016-05-04 2016-09-21 江西远东药业有限公司 Medicinal material is with batching jar
CN109022040A (en) * 2018-08-21 2018-12-18 谢响玲 A kind of coal chemical industry pyrolysis gasification system

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000146132A (en) * 1998-11-10 2000-05-26 Inoenbairo Techno Kk Incineration ash volume reduction system
EP2716740A1 (en) * 2012-10-02 2014-04-09 Giancarlo Baldi Continuous-type gasifier, in particular for biomasses and urban and industrial wastes
CN203598501U (en) * 2013-10-18 2014-05-21 江苏法尔胜技术开发中心有限公司 Waste emulsified liquid concentration device
CN203757729U (en) * 2014-04-14 2014-08-06 浙江华川实业集团有限公司 Waste incineration device
CN204891716U (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-12-23 浙江春宝胶囊有限公司 Production of hollow capsule is with colloidal sol device that can realize that glue solution body rolls
CN105864789A (en) * 2016-03-29 2016-08-17 浙江海洋学院 Garbage incineration device and method
CN205586875U (en) * 2016-05-04 2016-09-21 江西远东药业有限公司 Medicinal material is with batching jar
CN109022040A (en) * 2018-08-21 2018-12-18 谢响玲 A kind of coal chemical industry pyrolysis gasification system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN109737414B (en) 2019-12-13

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN201353468Y (en) Cyclone pulse filter cylinder bag type dust remover
CN100999670B (en) Smoke preventing and dust removing for tamping coking oven side filling coal and vehicle for smoke preventing and dust removing
CN107139525A (en) A kind of gardens fallen leaves absorb compression set
CN201543381U (en) Wet desulfuration dedusting device
CN203791800U (en) Smoke-discharging and dust-removing system for flame cutting machine with large cutting thickness
CN108253426B (en) A kind of garbage combustion device
CN207126620U (en) A kind of engineering environment protection garbage incineration processing equipment
CN204275742U (en) Cyclone wet-type sack cleaner
CN107218605B (en) A kind of domestic waste incineration of energy-saving and emission-reduction
CN201863400U (en) Compression type garbage dewaterer
CN2892953Y (en) Street-cleaning vehicle filtering dedusting device
CN107158868A (en) A kind of industrial dedusting device
CN107398126A (en) A kind of dedusting dust-collecting equipment of bitumen flue gas processing
CN107413271A (en) A kind of wastewater reuse approach purifier
CN206846730U (en) A kind of high-efficiency refuse processing unit
CN108240627A (en) A kind of chamber structure of solid waste incinerator
CN107670397A (en) Apparatus for treating sewage
CN101972572A (en) Compartment blowback dust remover
CN208504393U (en) A kind of consumer waste incineration device being easy to dust processing
CN109663802A (en) A kind of domestic garbage comprehensive processing equipment
CN208332271U (en) A kind of garbage combustion device convenient for collecting waste residue
CN104083956B (en) Compression sack cleaner
CN107620965A (en) A kind of centrifugal garbage combustion device
CN208082557U (en) A kind of intelligent organic waste pre-processing device of anticlogging good crushing effect
CN201899951U (en) Combined dust removal and environment protection equipment for flue gas of smelting furnace

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
TA01 Transfer of patent application right

Effective date of registration: 20191115

Address after: No. 288, Qinhuai Avenue, yongyang street, high tech Industrial Development Zone, Lishui District, Nanjing City, Jiangsu Province

Applicant after: Institute of Ecological Environment, Nanjing University (Lishui)

Address before: 150001, Nangang, Harbin West Street, No. 92, Harbin Institute of Technology

Applicant before: Zhou Xudong

TA01 Transfer of patent application right
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant