CN1095350C - Flue-cured tobacco type cigarette with low smoke by-pass - Google Patents

Flue-cured tobacco type cigarette with low smoke by-pass Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN1095350C
CN1095350C CN 99115644 CN99115644A CN1095350C CN 1095350 C CN1095350 C CN 1095350C CN 99115644 CN99115644 CN 99115644 CN 99115644 A CN99115644 A CN 99115644A CN 1095350 C CN1095350 C CN 1095350C
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
tobacco
cigarette
weight
cigarette paper
paper
Prior art date
Application number
CN 99115644
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN1255309A (en
Inventor
肖寿松
刘建福
金勇�
杜文
范红梅
Original Assignee
长沙卷烟厂
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 长沙卷烟厂 filed Critical 长沙卷烟厂
Priority to CN 99115644 priority Critical patent/CN1095350C/en
Publication of CN1255309A publication Critical patent/CN1255309A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN1095350C publication Critical patent/CN1095350C/en

Links

Abstract

一种烤烟型低侧流烟气卷烟,它是通过优化叶组和香精香料配方,同时控制卷烟纸定量和透气度的大小、无机填料和助燃剂的种类及其使用量来实现的。 Flue-cured one kind of low sidestream cigarette smoke, which is obtained by optimizing the formulation of Leaf and Fragrances, while controlling the size of the air permeability of the cigarette paper and quantitatively, the kind and use amount of the inorganic filler and oxidant to achieve. 使用该种卷烟生产技术生产出的卷烟,其吸味优雅,烟灰连续完整呈筒状,侧流烟气显著降低,它有效降低侧流烟气重量百分比60%以上,既满足了吸烟者的嗜好,又大大减少了对被动吸烟者的危害,具有良好的社会效益。 Using this kind of cigarette production technology to produce cigarettes that smoke flavor elegant, complete soot continuous tubular shape, significantly reduce sidestream smoke, which effectively reduce sidestream smoke than 60% by weight, both to meet the taste of smokers but also greatly reducing the harm to passive smokers, with good social benefits.

Description

一种烤烟型低侧流烟气卷烟 Flue-cured one kind of the low sidestream smoke cigarette

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种烤烟型低侧流烟气卷烟。 The present invention relates to a low sidestream smoke flue-cured tobacco.

背景技术 Background technique

随着世界反吸烟运动的兴起和发展以及消费者对“吸烟与健康”问题的关注,人们在卷烟消费过程中将会更加重视本人及周围其他人员的健康。 As the world anti-smoking campaign of the rise and development as well as consumer concerns about "smoking and health" issue, people in the process of cigarette consumption will pay more attention to my health and other personnel around. 卷烟产生的侧流烟气,即烟支在燃烧端所产生的烟气,直接散发于空中,其有害成分甚多,是被动吸烟的主要来源。 Cigarettes produce sidestream smoke, i.e., smoke in the burning end of the cigarette produced, distributed directly in the air, which is very much harmful ingredients, a major source of passive smoking. 如何缓解吸烟者与被动吸烟者的矛盾,在给人享受的同时,关注他人健康,是卷烟行业义不容辞的责任。 How to ease the contradiction between smokers and passive smokers, at the same time giving enjoyment, concerned about the health of others, it is the responsibility incumbent upon the cigarette industry. 目前,国际上低侧流烟气卷烟都是混合型的卷烟,没有烤烟型的,而中国根本没有低侧流烟气卷烟。 Currently, low sidestream smoke cigarette internationally are mixed cigarette, there is no type of flue-cured tobacco, but China has no low sidestream smoke cigarette. 因此,适应中国消费者的需要,开发烤烟型低侧流烟气卷烟势在必行。 Therefore, to meet the needs of Chinese consumers, the development of flue-cured low sidestream smoke cigarette imperative.

现阶段,国外没有烤烟型低侧流烟气卷烟,混合型的卷烟一方面可根据卷烟风格的要求,采用大量膨胀烟丝或炭化纤维等烟丝替代物,减少燃烧底物,以达到降低卷烟侧流烟气的目的。 At this stage, no foreign Tobacco type low sidestream smoke cigarette, cigarette hybrid cigarette according to an aspect of style required, the use of a large number of expanded tobacco or tobacco substitute carbonized fibers, reducing burning the substrate, in order to reduce sidestream cigarette the purpose of the flue gas. 但对于烤烟型卷烟来说,大量采用烟丝替代物对吸味影响很大,难以满足消费者的需要。 But for flue-cured tobacco, the extensive use of alternatives to tobacco smoke flavor impact is large, it is difficult to meet the needs of consumers. 另方面采用改性卷烟纸。 On the other hand using a modified cigarette paper. 一是采用低透气度、高定量卷烟纸,如US 4942888等,他们采用10柯瑞斯塔左右的卷烟纸。 First, the use of low air permeability, high basis weight cigarette paper, such as US 4942888 and the like, they use about 10 Kerry Costa cigarette paper. 此项技术可达到一定的降侧效果,但不是很显著;由于采用了低透气度卷烟纸造成主流烟气增加,从而采用大量烟丝替代物,使得卷烟吸味严重受损,对于生产烤烟型卷烟尤其不利。 This technique can achieve a certain reduction of side effects, but not significant; As a result of low air permeability cigarette paper causes an increase in the mainstream smoke, so that using a large number of tobacco substitutes, such serious damage to the cigarette smoke flavor, for the production of flue-cured tobacco In particular, unfavorable. 还有一些在低透气度纸的基础上打孔,如US 5141007。 Some low air permeability of the paper on the basis of the punch, such as US 5141007. 此举同样存在上述问题,对设备和技术的要求也较高。 This same problems listed above, the requirements for equipment and technology higher. 其二在卷烟纸中加入有别于普通卷烟纸所用碳酸钙的填料,US 3744496在卷烟纸中加入碳粉,US 4231377、US 4420002等在卷烟纸中加入氧化镁、氢氧化镁等高比表面积的填料。 Secondly added cigarette paper is different from the ordinary cigarette paper using calcium carbonate filler, US 3744496 the addition of carbon powder in a cigarette paper, US 4231377, US 4420002 and other magnesium oxide, magnesium hydroxide in the cigarette paper of high specific surface area filler. 虽然降侧效果显著,但卷烟燃后烟灰不连续,呈片状散落,外观不好。 Although lowering side effect is remarkable, but the burning cigarette ash discontinuous, flaky scattered, poor appearance. 或在此基础上采用双层卷烟纸,但制作工艺复杂,非一般可达到。 Or on the basis of bilayer using cigarette paper, but the production process is complex, generally non reached. 各专利都宣称在烟灰性状和卷烟吸味问题上比之前专利有所改进,却都未根本解决,因此侧流烟气卷烟的研究仍是当今重要课题。 Each patent claim that trait in soot and cigarette smoke flavor than the patent issue before an improvement, but none solved, so the research sidestream cigarette smoke is still an important issue today.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明目的是提供一种烤烟型低侧流烟气卷烟,使用该种卷烟生产技术生产出的卷烟,其吸味优雅、烟灰连续完整呈筒状、侧流烟气显著降低,它有效降低侧流烟气重量百分比60%以上,既满足了吸烟者的嗜好,又大大减少了对被动吸烟者的危害,具有良好的社会效益。 Object of the present invention to provide a low-sidestream smoke flue-cured tobacco, cigarette production using that technology to produce cigarettes that smoke flavor elegant, complete soot continuous tubular shape, significantly reduce sidestream smoke, it is effective to reduce the side stream smoke more than 60% by weight, not only satisfy the addiction of smokers, but also greatly reduces the harm to passive smokers, with good social benefits.

为实现上述目的,本发明通过优化叶组和香精、香料配方,同时控制卷烟纸定量和透气度的大小、无机填料和助燃剂的种类及其使用量来实现的。 To achieve the above object, the present invention leaf group and by optimizing the flavor, fragrance formula, while controlling the size of the air permeability of the cigarette paper and quantitatively, the kind and use amount of the inorganic filler and oxidant to achieve.

本发明提出的烤烟型低侧流烟气卷烟,它包括卷烟纸、叶组和香精香料,A、所述的卷烟纸为:(1)卷烟纸定量范围为30-100克/米2,卷烟纸透气度为30-90柯瑞斯塔(CORESTA);(2)采用多种无机填料①碳酸钙,轻质碳酸钙粉末或新鲜制备的碳酸钙悬浮液,其用量在成品纸中重量百分比范围为15-50%;②三羟基铝和铝盐化合物,指铝矾、偏铝酸钠、聚合氯化铝、氢氧化铝等这些造纸填料,成品卷烟纸中铝离子含量以三氧化铝计占重量百分比范围为5-30%;③比表面积大的含镁物质,可以是氧化镁粉、氢氧化镁粉或新鲜制备的氢氧化镁,成品卷烟纸中镁离子含量以氢氧化镁计占重量百分比范围为5-40%;④硅的氧化物或硅酸盐或两者的混合物。 Flue-cured by the present invention a low sidestream smoke cigarette comprising a cigarette paper, leaves and Fragrances groups, A, of the cigarette paper as follows: (1) the cigarette paper weight range of 30-100 g / m 2, cigarette Kerry paper air permeability of 30 to 90 Vista (CORESTA); (2) an inorganic filler ① using a variety of calcium carbonate, light calcium carbonate powder suspension or freshly prepared in an amount in weight percent of the finished paper the papermaking fillers, the content of aluminum ions in the finished cigarette paper alum, sodium aluminate, polyaluminum chloride, aluminum hydroxide accounted for in three of aluminum oxide and aluminum trihydroxide ② aluminum compound, it refers to; 15 to 50% by weight in the range of 5-30%; ③ the surface area larger than magnesium material may be a magnesium oxide powder, magnesium oxide powder or magnesium hydroxide freshly prepared magnesium ions in the finished cigarette paper content by weight of magnesium hydroxide accounted the percentage ranges from 5 to 40%; ④ mixture of silicon oxide or silicate or both. 其中包括不同形态的硅的氧化物、不同形态的硅酸的碱金属盐或碱土金属盐或铝盐,成品卷烟纸中硅含量以氧化硅计占重量百分比范围为1-10%;(3)采用有机助燃剂所述的有机助燃剂指碱金属的羧酸盐:钾、钠的醋酸盐、琥珀酸盐、酒石酸盐、柠檬酸盐、富马酸盐等,助燃剂钾钠离子总量在成品纸中重量百分比范围为0.5-10%;B、所述的叶组为:(1)烟叶,其等级和在总烟丝中的重量百分比为:中部橘黄一级16-24%、中部橘黄二级25-38%、中部橘黄三级11-18%、中部橘黄一级5-10%、中部柠檬橘黄二级6-10%,取上述烟叶制丝后再加配膨胀烟丝;(2)膨胀烟丝在总烟丝中的重量百分比为5-10%;C、所述的香精、香料为:香精由水果香精、烟草浸提物、薄荷脑和95%的酒精溶剂组成;香料液由转化糖、柠檬剂、 甘油、丙二醇和甘草粉组成。 Including different forms of silicon oxide, silicic acid alkali metal salt or alkaline earth metal salts of different forms or aluminum, the silicon content of the finished cigarette paper based on silicon oxide weight percentage in the range of 1-10%; (3) , the total amount of oxidant potassium sodium ion, potassium, sodium acetate, succinate, tartrate, citrate, fumarate and the like: organic oxidant of the organic oxidant refers to an alkali metal carboxylates in the finished paper weight percentage ranges of 0.5-10%; B, the leaf group: (1) tobacco, and its weight percentage of the total level of tobacco in the range: 16-24% orange a central, middle orange two 25-38%, coupled with the expanded tobacco orange three middle 11-18%, 5-10%, a middle orange, lemon orange two central 6-10%, taking the above-described tobacco leaf yarn; (2) expansion percentage of the total weight of tobacco cut filler is 5-10%; C, the flavor, fragrance is: the flavors fruit flavors, tobacco extracts thereof, menthol and 95% alcohol solvents; perfume from the invert sugar solution, lemon, glycerin, propylene glycol and licorice powder composition.

本发明提出的降低卷烟侧流烟气的方法为:1.所述的卷烟纸为:①采用高定量、高透气度卷烟纸,减少烟气的逸出,卷烟纸定量范围为30-100克/米2,卷烟纸透气度为30-90柯瑞斯塔(CORESTA)。 A method for reducing sidestream smoke cigarette of the present invention is made as follows: the cigarette paper 1 as follows: ① high quantitative, high air permeability of the cigarette paper to reduce the escape of fumes, cigarette paper basis weight range of 30-100 g / m 2, air permeability of the cigarette paper 30 to 90 Kerry Vista (CORESTA).

②在卷烟纸中掺入比表面积大的多种无机填料,加入碳酸钙,其用量在成品纸中重量百分比范围为15-50%;加入三羟基铝和铝盐化合物,成品卷烟纸中铝离子含量以三氧化铝计重量百分比范围为5-30%;加入比表面积大的含镁物质,成品卷烟纸中镁离子含量以氢氧化镁计重量百分比范围为5-40%;加入硅的氧化物或硅酸盐或两者的混合物,成品卷烟纸中硅含量以氧化硅计重量百分比范围为1-10%。 ② incorporated in cigarette paper large specific surface area more inorganic fillers, calcium carbonate is added in an amount in the range of the finished paper of 15 to 50% by weight; aluminum trihydroxide was added aluminum compound and, in the finished cigarette paper aluminum ions aluminum trioxide content of the weight percent range of 5-30%; added magnesium large specific surface area material, the finished cigarette paper, the magnesium ion content of magnesium hydroxide in the range of 5-40% by weight; Si oxide is added or a mixture of silicates or both, of silicon content in the finished cigarette paper weight percent of silicon oxide in the range of 1-10%.

③采用有机助燃剂,助燃剂钾钠离子总量在成品纸中重量百分比范围为0.5-10%; ③ organic oxidant, the oxidant potassium sodium ions in the total amount of the finished paper in the range of 0.5 to 10% by weight;

2、在主料烟叶中加入一定量的膨胀烟丝,减少燃烧底物,膨胀烟丝在总烟丝中重量百分比为5-20%;3、精心设计叶组配方,香精香料配方,使低侧流烟气和卷烟良好的吸味完美结合。 2, the main ingredient was added in an amount of expanded tobacco in the tobacco, reducing the burning the substrate, expanded tobacco cut filler in total 5-20% by weight; 3, leaf group designed formulation, flavor and fragrance formulation, a low sidestream smoke good gas and cigarette smoke flavor perfect binding.

本发明与已有技术相比具有显著优点:该卷烟突破了以往的低侧流烟气卷烟风格,为烤烟型,可满足不同消费者尤其是中国消费者的需要。 The present invention as compared with the prior art with significant advantages: The cigarette broke the previous low sidestream smoke cigarette style, flue-cured, can meet different consumers, especially Chinese consumer needs. 其降侧效果显著,吸味优雅。 Significant reduction of its side effects, smoke flavor and elegant.

采用本发明生产的卷烟纸,可在高速卷烟包装机上操作,车速可达7000支/分;卷烟纸燃后灰色白,烟灰连续,外观漂亮。 The present invention is the production of cigarette paper, cigarette may operate on high-speed packaging machine speeds of up to 7000 / min; gray white after burning cigarette paper, ash continuously, beautiful appearance.

3、本发明在卷烟纸生产中,无须对造纸设备作任何改动,且工艺流程简单,操作方便。 3, the present invention is in the production of cigarette paper, paper making equipment without having to make any changes, and the process is simple, easy to operate.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

:下面结合实施例进一步说明本发明:首先对本发明提出的烤烟型低侧流烟气卷烟的叶组、香精、香料、卷烟纸和烟丝的制备加以说明。 : The following examples further illustrate embodiments in conjunction with the present invention: First group Tobacco leaf type low sidestream smoke cigarette of the present invention proposed, spices, flavors prepared, cigarette paper and tobacco will be described.

一、叶组配方1、烟叶 对供应我厂的各地烟叶进行分析检测,选出本身焦油释放量低的烟叶进入配方,从而降低侧流烟气的产生。 First, the group leaves Formula 1, I plant the supply of tobacco leaf throughout the analysis to detect, select a low tar delivery of tobacco into the recipe itself, thereby reducing the sidestream smoke. 以下各百分比为各等级烟叶在总烟丝中的重量百分比。 The following percentages by weight for the percentage of the total level of tobacco in the tobacco.

主要包括: 东北 中部橘黄二级(C2F) 6-10%山东 中部橘黄二级(C2F) 5-8%贵州 中部橘黄二级(C2F) 8-11%中部柠檬橘黄二级(C2L) 6-10%四川 中部柠檬黄一级 (C1L) 5-10%中部橘黄三级 (C3F) 10-15% Including: two East North Orange (C2F) 6-10% orange two central Shandong (C2F) 5-8% Guizhou two central orange (C2F) 8-11% lemon orange two central (C2L) 6-10 % in middle a lemon (C1L) 5-10% orange middle three (C3F) 10-15%

湖南 中部橘黄一级(C1F) 10-15%中部橘黄二级(C2F) 6-9%中部橘黄三级(C3F) 5-10%甘肃 中部橘黄一级(C1F) 6-9%福建 中部橘黄三级(C3F) 6-8%上述组分在配方中使用量可根据卷烟档次作适当调节。 A central Hunan orange (C1F) 10-15% middle orange two (C2F) 6-9% orange middle three (C3F) 5-10% orange a central Gansu (C1F) 6-9% Fujian three middle orange level (C3F) 6-8% the amount of the above components in the formulation can be appropriately adjusted according to the grade of cigarettes. 2.膨胀烟丝在总烟丝中的重量百分比为5-20%。 2. The percentage of the total weight of expanded tobacco cut filler is 5-20%.

二、香精、香料配方:适当的香精、香料可除去源于烟叶、辅料带来的杂气和异味,该卷烟采用的配方是:以在总烟丝中的重量百分比计A 香精 水果香精:0.005-0.02%烟草浸提物:0.001-0.02%薄荷脑:0.01-0.15%溶剂 :0.035%体积比为95%的酒精以上百分比为各香精在总烟丝中的重量百分比。 Second, the flavor, fragrance formula: suitable flavor, fragrance may be removed from the mixed gas and tobacco odor, bring materials, the formulation used in the cigarette is: A weight percent of the total tobacco flavors fruit flavors of: 0.005 tobacco extract was 0.02%: 0.001-0.02% menthol: 0.01 - 0.15% solvent: 0.035% by volume of 95% or more for the percentage of alcohol by weight of the total flavor of tobacco.

B 料液 转化糖:0.5-2.5%柠檬剂:0.005-0.03%甘油: 0.2-1.0%丙二醇:0.2-1.2%甘草粉:0.01-0.08%以上百分比为各香料在总烟丝中的重量百分比。 Invert sugar feed solution B: 0.5-2.5% Lemon agent: 0.005 to 0.03% Glycerol: 0.2-1.0% Propylene glycol: 0.2 to 1.2% licorice powder: 0.01-0.08% percent or more by weight for the percentage of the total perfume in the tobacco.

三、卷烟纸1.改变卷烟纸特征为适应生产烤烟型卷烟的需要,采用高定量、高透气度卷烟纸,卷烟纸定量范围为30-100克/米2,卷烟纸透气度为30-90柯瑞斯塔。 Third, the cigarette paper cigarette paper 1. wherein changes to adapt to the production of flue-cured tobacco cigarettes, high quantitative, high air permeability cigarette paper, cigarette paper basis weight range of 30-100 g / m 2, air permeability of the cigarette paper 30 to 90 Cory Starr. (CORESTA) (CORESTA)

2.采用多种无机填料(1)碳酸钙 轻质碳酸钙粉末或新鲜制备的碳酸钙悬浮液,其用量在成品纸中重量百分比范围为15-50%;(2)三羟基铝和铝盐化合物,指三羟基铝、铝矾、偏铝酸钠、聚合氯化铝、氯化铝等造纸填料,成品卷烟纸中铝离子含量以三氧化铝计重量百分比范围为5-30%;(3)比表面积大的含镁物质,其中包括采用通过多种工艺手段制备而来的多种形态的镁的氧化物、氢氧化物。 2. using a variety of inorganic fillers (1) suspension of calcium carbonate or light calcium carbonate powder freshly prepared in an amount in the range of the finished paper is 15-50% by weight; (2) aluminum and aluminum trihydroxide compound, means aluminum trihydroxide, aluminum alum, sodium aluminate, polyaluminum chloride, aluminum chloride, etc. filler paper, cigarette paper finished aluminum ion content of three percent by weight of aluminum oxide in the range of 5-30%; (3 ) is larger than the surface area of ​​the magnesium-containing species, including various forms of magnesium produced from a variety of processes by means of an oxide, hydroxide. 可以是氧化镁粉末、氢氧化镁粉末或新鲜制备的氢氧化镁。 It may be a magnesium oxide powder, magnesium oxide powder or magnesium hydroxide freshly prepared. 填料中镁离子源于氧化镁重量百分比从0%到100%调节,镁离子源于氢氧化镁重量百分比也可从0%到100%调节,成品卷烟纸中镁离子含量以氢氧化镁计重量百分比为5-40%。 Magnesium hydroxide filler from the weight percentage adjusted from 0% to 100% by weight of magnesium hydroxide from a magnesium ion may also be adjusted percentage of from 0% to 100%, in the finished cigarette paper magnesium ion content by weight of magnesium hydroxide percentage of 5-40%. 该填料可以传统方式加入,亦可通过把可溶性镁盐加入配比好的浆料中,然后通人碱性溶液制备,或同时采用两种方法;(4)硅的氧化物或硅酸盐或两者的混合物。 The filler may be added in a conventional manner, also by the ratio of soluble magnesium salt slurry was added, followed by Walter prepared alkaline solution, or simultaneously using two methods; and (4) of silicon oxide or silicates or mixture of both. 其中包括不同形态的硅的氧化物、不同形态的硅酸的碱金属盐或碱土金属盐或铝盐。 Including different forms of silicon oxide, various forms of alkali metal silicate or alkaline earth metal or aluminum salts. 成品卷烟纸中硅含量以氧化硅计重量百分比为1-10%。 Of silicon content in the finished cigarette paper based on silicon oxide 1-10% by weight.

3.采用有机助燃剂 本发明屏弃所有的无机助燃剂,因为无机助燃剂在烟纸燃烧过程中产生的物质对吸烟者健康非常有害(如硝酸钾产生大量的亚硝胺),不能满足烟草行业发展的要求。 3. The present invention uses an organic oxidant reject all inorganic oxidant, an inorganic oxidant substances as produced in the combustion process of the cigarette paper smokers very harmful to health (such as potassium nitrate produce large amounts of nitrosamines), the tobacco industry can not meet the requirements development. 采用的有机助燃剂指碱金属的羧酸盐:钾、钠的醋酸盐、琥珀酸盐、酒石酸盐、柠檬酸盐、富马酸盐等。 It refers to an organic oxidant used alkali metal carboxylates: potassium, sodium acetate, succinate, tartrate, citrate, fumarate and the like. 钾钠离子可源于单一或多种羧酸盐,卷烟纸钾离子含量占钾钠离子总量的重量百分比可从0-100%调节,同样钠离子含量占钾钠离子总量的重量百分比也可从0-100%调节。 Potassium sodium ions may be derived from single or multiple carboxylate, a potassium ion content of the cigarette paper weight percentage of the total potassium and sodium ions can be adjusted from 0-100%, the same content of sodium ion weight percentage of the total potassium and sodium ions also It can be adjusted from 0-100%. 助燃剂钾钠离子总量在卷烟纸中重量百分比为0.5-10%。 The total amount of oxidant in cigarette paper potassium sodium ions 0.5 to 10% by weight.

本发明对纸张纤维没有特殊的要求,传统生产用的自然纤维即可。 The present invention has no special requirements for the paper fibers, natural fibers can be used in conventional production.

采用以上技术生产的卷烟纸,用于卷烟生产可显著降低卷烟侧流烟气,现结合实际举例如下:1.卷烟纸的制备:取500公斤木浆,加入氢氧化镁76公斤,碳酸钙110公斤,含硅物质60公斤,配制重量百分比为25%的乙酸钾和重量百分比为20%的琥珀酸钠在助燃剂添加处加入,按常规造纸方法生产卷烟纸,在设备上控制卷烟纸特性为:定量50.2克/米2、透气度62.5柯瑞斯塔。 With the above production technology of cigarette paper, cigarettes for cigarette production can significantly reduce sidestream smoke, are actual examples: Preparation 1 of cigarette paper: Take 500 kg of wood pulp, 76 kg magnesium hydroxide, calcium carbonate 110 kg, 60 kg silicon-containing substance, formulated as 25% by weight of potassium acetate and 20% by weight of sodium succinate was added to the added oxidant, a conventional method for producing a paper cigarette paper, cigarette paper in the device control characteristics : quantitative 50.2 g / m 2, air permeability of 62.5 Cory Costa.

2.卷烟烟丝的制备:分别取东北烟叶中部橘黄二级35公斤,山东烟叶中部橘黄二级30公斤,贵州烟叶中部橘黄二级C2F 5公斤,中部柠檬黄二级烟叶40公斤,四川烟叶中部柠檬黄一级30公斤,中部橘黄三级烟叶60公斤,湖南中部烟叶橘黄一级60公斤,中部橘黄二级烟叶35公斤,中部橘黄三级烟叶40公斤,甘肃烟叶中部橘黄一级35公斤,福建烟叶中部橘黄三级35公斤,取上述烟叶制丝后再加配膨胀烟丝60公斤。 2. Preparation of cut tobacco: The tobacco leaves were taken Northeast middle two 35 kg of orange, orange two central Shandong 30 kg of tobacco, tobacco Guizhou middle orange two C2F 5 kg, 40 kg of tobacco two middle lemon, lemon middle tobacco Sichuan Huang a 30 kg, 60 kg of tobacco three middle orange, orange a central Hunan tobacco 60 kg, 35 kg of tobacco two middle orange, orange middle three 40 kg of tobacco, tobacco Gansu central one 35 kg of orange, tobacco Fujian central orange three 35 kg, taken together with the above-described tobacco yarn with 60 kg of expanded tobacco.

3.香精、香料的配制:A、把0.05公斤的水果香精、0.05公斤烟草浸提物、0.05公斤薄荷脑在常温下溶于0.175公斤体积百分比为95%的酒精即可。 3. Preparation of flavor, fragrance: A, 0.05 kg of the fruit flavors, tobacco extracts was 0.05 kg, 0.05 kg 0.175 kg menthol was dissolved at room temperature in a volume percent alcohol to 95%.

B、把5公斤转化糖、0.05公斤柠檬酸、3公斤甘油、4公斤丙二醇、0.2公斤甘草粉搅拌均匀即可。 B, conversion to 5 kg of sugar, 0.05 kg of citric acid, 3 kg of glycerol, 4 kg of propylene glycol, 0.2 kg of licorice powder mixed evenly.

按照上述配比,在烟丝中喷入4.3.1和4.3.2中所配物质,运用4.1.中所述的卷烟纸,按常规生产方法制出的卷烟其侧流烟气总粒相物量为7.1毫克/支,与对照卷烟侧流烟气总相物量为18.6毫克/支相比,其侧流烟气降低率为61.3%。 According to the above ratio, the tobacco in 4.3.1 and 4.3.2 are injected with the substance, the use of 4.1 in the cigarette paper, made of a conventional method for producing a cigarette sidestream smoke which the total amount of particulate matter 7.1 mg / branched, with the control cigarette sidestream smoke with the total amount was 18.6 mg / branching compared to its sidestream smoke reduction was 61.3%.

卷烟特性见下表: Cigarette characteristics as follows:

本发明提出的降低卷烟侧流烟气的方法,主要采用了膨胀烟丝、特殊卷烟纸、精心设计叶组配方、香精香料配方等措施,在以上已说明清楚,下面进一步结合实验结果进行说明。 The method of reducing sidestream smoke of the cigarette proposed in the present invention, the main use of expanded tobacco, special cigarette paper, leaf group designed recipes, recipes, etc. Flavors measures described above already apparent, further described below with experimental results.

降低侧流烟气技术之一:采用一定量的膨胀烟丝,减少燃烧底物由于膨胀烟丝具有较大的填充值,它的使用可以减少烟丝用量,从而减少烟支燃烧反应底物,减少侧流烟气;又由于其良好的燃烧性,更进一步减少了不完全燃烧产物,达到降低侧流烟气的目的。 One technique to reduce sidestream smoke: The amount of expanded tobacco, due to the reduction combustion substrate having a larger expanded tobacco fill value, its use can reduce the amount of cut tobacco, thereby reducing the combustion reaction substrate cigarette, sidestream reduction smoke; and because of its good combustibility, further reduce the incomplete combustion products, to reduce the sidestream smoke of the object. 其效果见表一、表二。 Which results in Table I, II.

表1 烟丝膨化前后参数测定表 Table 1 Parameters measured before and after the tobacco puffing Table

表2 膨胀烟丝的使用效果 Table 2 Effect of expanded tobacco using

减少侧流烟气技术之二:改变卷烟纸的性能,优化辅料配置众所周知,侧流烟气是通过燃烧线逸出形成的。 Reducing sidestream smoke two technologies: changes the properties of cigarette paper, optimizing known materials arranged, sidestream smoke escaping through the burn line is formed. 为进一步减少侧流烟气,我们对传统卷烟纸进行改性,加入一种有机助燃剂,一种高比表面积无机填料,提高定量,减少烟气的逸出,从而减少侧流烟气。 To further reduce sidestream smoke, we modified the traditional cigarette paper, an organic oxidant is added a high specific surface area of ​​the inorganic filler, quantitative increase, reducing the escape of flue gas to reduce sidestream smoke.

1、在卷烟纸中加入一种有机助燃剂,使烟丝的不完全燃烧产物在经过燃烧线时,借助燃烧端的温度,再次燃烧完全,可以减少侧流烟气。 1, an organic oxidant is added in a cigarette paper, so that incomplete combustion products of tobacco at the burn line passes, by means of the temperature of the burning tip, again complete combustion, can reduce the sidestream smoke. 经过多次实验,我们找到了几种即便于添加,又不改变卷烟纸物理性能的有机助燃剂配方。 After several experiments, we found several in even add, without changing the physical properties of the cigarette paper organic accelerant recipes. 其中之一是加入其浓度重量百分比为25%的乙酸钾和20%的琥珀酸钠作助燃剂。 One of them is added in a concentration by weight of 25% potassium acetate and 20% sodium succinate as the oxidant.

试验了这种燃烧改性剂在卷烟纸中不同添加比例时的使用效果,见表四,由表四可知当有机助燃剂在纸中用量为6%时效果最好。 Test results using this combustion modifier when the addition ratio of different cigarette paper, see Table IV. Table IV can be seen when the organic oxidant in the paper in an amount of 6% best.

表3 有机助燃剂的使用效果 Table 3 Effect of organic oxidant used is

2、在试验过程中,发现提高卷烟纸定量也可有效降低侧流烟气,见表五表4 卷烟纸定量对侧流烟气的影响 2, during the test, was found to improve the cigarette paper may also be effective to reduce the quantitative sidestream smoke, Table 4 Effect of five cigarette paper Table sidestream smoke quantitative

3、在卷烟纸中掺加比表面积大的无机填料,可以显著减少侧流烟气。 3, adding large specific surface area of ​​the inorganic filler in the cigarette paper, can be significantly reduced sidestream smoke. 这种填料的作用是提供大的冷凝面积,使一大部分蒸气冷凝在填料的表面,在较凉的填料上形成一个液层,从而减少侧流烟气。 Such fillers role is to provide a large area of ​​condensation of the vapors are condensed in a majority of the surface of the filler, forming a liquid layer on the cooler filler, thereby reducing the sidestream smoke. 在填料表面上,这种汽液转化是迅速有效的。 On the surface of the filler, the vapor-liquid conversion is rapid and effective. 初看起来,这种冷凝机制似乎对侧流烟气的减少只能起暂时的作用,不断向前推进的燃烧锥将迅速地使已凝结的液体重新汽化。 At first glance, this appears to reduce condensation mechanism of sidestream smoke can only play a temporary role, constantly advancing burning cone will quickly re-vaporize the liquid has been condensed. 然而,此时的液体再汽化发生在卷烟外围,这里的周围环境(空气)与它第一次产生在卷烟内部不同,氧气要丰富得多。 5. However, the liquid boils and then the periphery of the cigarette, where the ambient environment (air) and it first generates different internal cigarette, oxygen much richer. 由于氧含量的增加,蒸汽物质容易燃烧而成低分子量,低沸点的气态物质,这些物质一般不会成核产生侧流烟气。 Since increasing the oxygen content of the vapor from low molecular weight substances that can burn, gaseous low-boiling substances that generally does not produce sidestream smoke nucleation.

降低侧流烟气技术之三: 精心设计叶组配方,香精香料配方,使低侧流烟气与卷烟良好的吸味完美结合低侧流烟气卷烟使用了膨胀烟丝,特殊卷烟纸和烟丝助剂,他们的使用给卷烟吸味带来了很大不利影响。 Reducing sidestream smoke three technologies: leaf group designed formulation, flavor and fragrance formulation, a low sidestream smoke cigarette smoke flavor with good perfect combination of the low sidestream smoke cigarette tobacco expansion using special cigarette paper and tobacco co agents, their use to cigarette smoke flavor is a big adverse effects. 为矫正不利影响,我们对叶组配方,香精香料配方作了大胆改变。 To correct the adverse effects of our group leaves recipes, flavor and fragrance formulations were bold change.

风味的主体原料即主料烟的选择上,注重香味又浓又好,糖碱比适合(7~9)的烟叶配方,提高了香气,减轻了杂气和刺激性。 I.e., the main raw material of the flavor Ingredients selected smoke, smell and thick and good focus, sugar ratio suitable base (7-9) of tobacco formulation, improve the aroma, reduced heteroaryl and irritating gas.

有针对性地选择了一些接近烟草香气或对提高烟草香气味有独特作用的单体香料,良好的增香剂及烟草专用调和香精,同时应用了相当数量的植物提取剂,化学合成香料以及梅拉德反应产物,斯托克反应产物等,以提高卷烟的香味,掩盖了杂气,谐调烟味,改善余味,增加返甜等。 A targeted selection of some of the monomers tobacco aroma of spices approaching or have a unique role to improve tobacco smell fragrant, good flavoring agents and tobacco flavor dedicated to reconcile, while the application of a considerable number of plant extracts, chemical synthesis spices and plum Maillard reaction product, the reaction product Stoke, to enhance the flavor of the cigarette, the masking odor, smoke harmonization, improved aftertaste, and so increase back sweet.

通过众多的手段,我们终于达到了矫正因降低侧流烟气所带来的不利影响的目的,最终生产出消费者所接受的一流的环保型,低侧流烟气金沙卷烟。 Through numerous means, we finally reached a correction because sidestream smoke reducing the adverse effects of the purpose of producing the ultimate consumer acceptance of a first-class environment-friendly, low sidestream smoke cigarette Sands. 其主要指标数据见表六。 The main index data in Table VI.

表5 环保型金沙指标数据 Table 5 eco-friendly Sands index data

Claims (3)

1.一种烤烟型低侧流烟气卷烟,它包括卷烟纸、叶组和香精香料,其特征是:A 所述的卷烟纸为:(1)卷烟纸定量范围为30-100克/米2,卷烟纸透气度为30-90柯瑞斯塔;(2)采用多种无机填料①碳酸钙,轻质碳酸钙粉末或新鲜制备的碳酸钙悬浮液,其用量在成品纸中重量百分比范围为15-50%;②三羟基铝和铝盐化合物,指铝矾、偏铝酸钠、聚合氯化铝、氢氧化铝等这些造纸填料,成品卷烟纸中铝离子含量以三氧化二铝计占重量百分比范围为5-30%;③比表面积大的含镁物质,可以是氧化镁粉、氢氧化镁粉或新鲜制备的氢氧化镁,成品卷烟纸中镁离子含量以氢氧化镁计占重量百分比范围为5-40%;④硅的氧化物或硅酸盐或两者的混合物。 A flue-cured tobacco type low sidestream smoke cigarette comprising a cigarette paper, leaf group and Fragrances, characterized in be: A cigarette paper according to: (1) the cigarette paper weight range of 30-100 g / m 2, cigarette paper air permeability of 30 to 90 Kerry Vista; (2) an inorganic filler ① using a variety of calcium carbonate, light calcium carbonate powder or a suspension of freshly prepared, in an amount in weight percent of the finished paper of 15-50%; ② aluminum trihydroxide and aluminum compound, refers to alum, sodium aluminate, polyaluminum chloride, aluminum hydroxide, etc. these filler paper, the content of aluminum ions in the finished cigarette paper in terms of aluminum oxide percentage by weight in the range of 5-30%; ③ the surface area larger than magnesium material may be a magnesium oxide powder, magnesium oxide powder or magnesium hydroxide freshly prepared, the finished cigarette paper content of magnesium ion to magnesium hydroxide accounted range 5 to 40% by weight; ④ mixture of silicon oxide or silicate or both. 其中包括不同形态的硅的氧化物、不同形态的硅酸的碱金属盐或碱土金属盐或铝盐,成品卷烟纸中硅含量以氧化硅计占重量百分比范围为1-10%;(3)采用有机助燃剂所述的有机助燃剂指碱金属的羧酸盐:钾、钠的醋酸盐、琥珀酸盐、酒石酸盐、柠檬酸盐、富马酸盐等,助燃剂钾钠离子总量在成品纸中重量百分比范围为0.5-10%;B、所述的叶组为:(1)烟叶,其等级和在总烟丝中的重量百分比为:中部橘黄一级16-24%、中部橘黄二级25-38%、中部橘黄三级11-18%、中部橘黄一级5-10%、中部柠檬橘黄二级6~10%,取上述烟叶制丝后再加配膨胀烟丝;(2)膨胀烟丝在总烟丝中的重量百分比为5~10%;C、所述的香精、香料为:香精由水果香精、烟草浸提物、薄荷脑和95%的酒精溶剂组成;香料液由转化糖、柠檬剂、甘油、丙二醇和甘草粉组成。 Including different forms of silicon oxide, silicic acid alkali metal salt or alkaline earth metal salts of different forms or aluminum, the silicon content of the finished cigarette paper based on silicon oxide weight percentage in the range of 1-10%; (3) , the total amount of oxidant potassium sodium ion, potassium, sodium acetate, succinate, tartrate, citrate, fumarate and the like: organic oxidant of the organic oxidant refers to an alkali metal carboxylates in the finished paper weight percentage ranges of 0.5-10%; B, the leaf group: (1) tobacco, and its weight percentage of the total level of tobacco in the range: 16-24% orange a central, middle orange two 25-38%, 11-18% middle orange three, a middle 5-10% orange, lemon orange two central 6 to 10%, after taking the above-described tobacco expansion yarn coupled with tobacco; (2) expansion percentage of the total weight of tobacco cut filler is 5 ~ 10%; C, the flavor, fragrance is: the flavors fruit flavors, tobacco extracts thereof, menthol and 95% alcohol solvents; perfume from the invert sugar solution, lemon, glycerin, propylene glycol and licorice powder composition.
2.根据权利要求1所述的烤烟型低侧流烟气卷烟,其特征是:以各成份在总烟丝中的重量百分比计,所述的香精中水果香精0.005-0.02%,烟草浸提物0.001-0.02%,薄荷脑0.01-0.15%,95%的酒精其用量为0.035%。 The flue-cured tobacco type low sidestream smoke cigarette according to claim 1, characterized in that: each of the ingredients in the total weight percent of tobacco, the flavor of 0.005-0.02% fruit flavors, tobacco extracts thereof 0.001 to 0.02%, 0.01 to 0.15% menthol, 95% ethanol in an amount of 0.035%.
3.根据权利1所述的烤烟型低侧流烟气卷烟,其特征是所述的香料液中转化糖0.5-2.5%,柠檬剂0.005-0.03%,甘油0.2-1.0%,丙二醇0.2-1.2%,甘草粉0.01-0.08%;以上百分比为各香料在总烟丝中的重量百分比。 The flue-cured tobacco type low sidestream smoke cigarette according to claim 1, wherein said liquid perfume 0.5-2.5% invert sugar, lemon agent 0.005-0.03%, 0.2-1.0% glycerol, propylene glycol 0.2-1.2 %, licorice powder 0.01 to 0.08%; each of the above percentages are percentages by weight of the total flavor of tobacco.
CN 99115644 1999-11-19 1999-11-19 Flue-cured tobacco type cigarette with low smoke by-pass CN1095350C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 99115644 CN1095350C (en) 1999-11-19 1999-11-19 Flue-cured tobacco type cigarette with low smoke by-pass

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 99115644 CN1095350C (en) 1999-11-19 1999-11-19 Flue-cured tobacco type cigarette with low smoke by-pass

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1255309A CN1255309A (en) 2000-06-07
CN1095350C true CN1095350C (en) 2002-12-04

Family

ID=5278575

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 99115644 CN1095350C (en) 1999-11-19 1999-11-19 Flue-cured tobacco type cigarette with low smoke by-pass

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN1095350C (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100571550C (en) 2003-04-14 2009-12-23 日本烟草产业株式会社 Low flame-spreading cigarette
CN102094355A (en) * 2010-12-06 2011-06-15 湖南中烟工业有限责任公司 Low sidestream smoke cigarette paper

Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6799578B2 (en) 2000-09-18 2004-10-05 Rothmans, Benson & Hedges Inc. Low sidestream smoke cigarette with combustible paper
NZ535029A (en) 2002-03-15 2007-04-27 Rothmans Bensons & Hedges Inc Low sidestream smoke cigarette with combustible paper having modified ash characteristics
CN100545348C (en) 2006-03-28 2009-09-30 波 刘 Formed paper coating for lowering harm and decreasing coking smoke
CN100515242C (en) 2006-08-31 2009-07-22 云南瑞升烟草技术(集团)有限公司 A compound addictive for lowering CO content in cigarette smoke and application thereof
CN103923747B (en) * 2014-04-24 2016-03-30 川渝中烟工业有限责任公司 It used to flavor cigarette paper
CN104195887B (en) * 2014-08-29 2016-08-10 民丰特种纸股份有限公司 Non-combustible cigarette paper and method for preparing low-temperature heating type cigarettes with

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100571550C (en) 2003-04-14 2009-12-23 日本烟草产业株式会社 Low flame-spreading cigarette
CN102094355A (en) * 2010-12-06 2011-06-15 湖南中烟工业有限责任公司 Low sidestream smoke cigarette paper
CN102094355B (en) 2010-12-06 2014-06-11 湖南中烟工业有限责任公司 Low sidestream smoke cigarette paper

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN1255309A (en) 2000-06-07

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102960852B (en) Light-fragrance electronic cigarette atomized smoke solution and preparation method thereof
US4489739A (en) Smokable tobacco composition and method of making
CN87104459A (en) Health-giving cigarette
KR101074619B1 (en) Smoking articles and smokable filler materials therefor
CN101606752A (en) Flavoring essence used for tobacco
AU2012255420B8 (en) Cigarette paper having low susceptibility to ignition and preparation method therefor
CN104026730B (en) One kind of electron tobacco smoke solution with Sweet
Slade Nicotine delivery devices
CN100999884A (en) Composite modifying formed paper for filter-tip of cigarette and preparation method thereof
CN104839883B (en) Having an electronic tobacco smoke liquid bucket style characteristics
CN100546508C (en) Method for preparing slices reconstituted from tea, and application in tobacco product
CN102277780B (en) Production method of tobacco sheet cigarette paper
CN101015391A (en) Composite additive for reducing harmful constituents in cigarette smoke gas and use thereof
CN101227841A (en) The smoking article
CN101880599B (en) Waxberry leaf extract and application thereof as tobacco product additives
CN101974367B (en) Novel flavor-enhancing and harm-reducing natural spice for tobacco and use thereof
CN101254023B (en) Nicotine sustained-release type mouth insertion tobacco tablet
CN104489901B (en) A tobacco taste electronic tobacco liquid
CN102942993B (en) Aromatic tobacco enhanced tobacco essence, preparation method and application
DK147252B (en) Non Soluble product
CN102309061A (en) Tobacco feeding essence formula
WO1993020722A1 (en) Smoking article, wrapper and method of making same
CN1836591A (en) Cigarette odor-absorbing modifying agent and method for making same and uses
CN102925289B (en) Rose type cigarette essence, preparation method and application thereof
CN104041936B (en) Method for extracting electronic cigarette with Chinese style mixing liquid smoke flavor

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C10 Request of examination as to substance
C06 Publication
C14 Granted
C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee

Owner name: CHINA TOBACCO HUNAN INDUSTRIAL CORPORATION

Free format text: FORMER NAME OR ADDRESS: CHANGSHA CIGARETTE FACTORY

C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee

Owner name: HUNAN ZHONGYAN INDUSTRY CO., LTD.

Free format text: FORMER NAME OR ADDRESS: CHINA TOBACCO HUNAN INDUSTRIAL CORPORATION