CN109526763A - A kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly porcupine pigsty - Google Patents

A kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly porcupine pigsty Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109526763A
CN109526763A CN201811623261.3A CN201811623261A CN109526763A CN 109526763 A CN109526763 A CN 109526763A CN 201811623261 A CN201811623261 A CN 201811623261A CN 109526763 A CN109526763 A CN 109526763A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
colony house
flower stand
porcupine
pond
friendly
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Application number
CN201811623261.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
罗尚江
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Suijiang Hao Hao Porcupine Culture Co Ltd
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Suijiang Hao Hao Porcupine Culture Co Ltd
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Publication of CN109526763A publication Critical patent/CN109526763A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/02Pigsties; Dog-kennels; Rabbit-hutches or the like
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C3/00Treating manure; Manuring
    • A01C3/02Storage places for manure, e.g. cisterns for liquid manure; Installations for fermenting manure
    • A01C3/023Digesters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/01Removal of dung or urine, e.g. from stables
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F3/00Fertilisers from human or animal excrements, e.g. manure
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/28Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture specially adapted for farming
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Zoology (AREA)
  • Animal Husbandry (AREA)
  • Biodiversity & Conservation Biology (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Cultivation Of Plants (AREA)
  • Fertilizers (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly porcupine pigsties, the inclination of colony house group, build the flower stand of inclined bottom surface in each colony house group, the integral inclined setting of flower stand and identical as colony house group inclined direction sets gradually metalling, Guamishi layer, soil layer, organic fertilizer layer and soil layer from bottom to top in flower stand;Slurry gutte and leakage dropping-board is arranged in colony house group;Sewage treatment pond, drinking-water pressure release pond, wastewater collection pond and methane-generating pit is respectively set in colony house group both ends, drinking-water pressure release pond is connect with water fountain, Sewage treatment pond is connect with slurry gutte rinses slurry gutte, methane-generating pit is connect with slurry gutte, collect and excrement urine of fermenting, be separated by solid-liquid separation, liquid pump is recycled and is filtered into flower stand, and the water filtered through flower stand flow to wastewater collection pond, is pumped into Sewage treatment pond by water pump and is recycled.The colony house provides the space of safety and comfort cool in summer and warm in winter to porcupine, and colony house is easy to clean, water circulation use, and excrement urine is comprehensively utilized, and aquaculture cost is substantially reduced, external zero-emission, environmental protection.

Description

A kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly porcupine pigsty
Technical field
The present invention relates to animal husbandries, more particularly it relates to a kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly porcupine pigsty.
Background technique
Porcupine, also known as porcupine are a kind of rodents for draping over one's shoulders spine, and in vigorous health, body length reaches 55-77 lis Rice, is grown up about 25 kilograms of porcupine weight by 8-14 centimetres of tail length.Modern medicine expert the study found that porcupine have it is very high medicinal Value, meat, brain, fat oil, the heart, liver, gallbladder, stomach, arrow (thorn) can be used as medicine, and wherein meat has relax bowel and defecation, and yin-nourishing is except heat, stomach invigorating benefit The effect of lung;Gallbladder materials for improving vision promotes brain tonic;Oil can removing toxic substances apocenosis, myogenic pain relieving;Stomach has clearing heat and promoting diuresis, invigorating and regulating stomach and other effects, The symptoms such as formula for treating gastropathy, jaundice, oedema, tinea pedis;Thorn can cure mainly heart pain and skin allergy with promoting the circulation of qi.Due to wild porcupine day It is beneficial exhausted, disappearance is faced, wild porcupine is included in protection species by China Forest department, forbids hunting.And propagate porcupine artificially It starts late at home, the exploitation of this emerging aquaculture industry has special economic value and unique market prospects.
Multiple independent colony houses form combination colony house and are more suitable for cultivating porcupine than single independent colony house.Most composite rim truncation in Interior, colony house upper end are opened wide completely, and surrounding is enclosure wall, but porcupine likes to inhabit in dense forest, needs more covert sky Between make it have the sense of security, the combination colony house of the complete opened type in upper end is difficult to meet the needs of porcupine.When intensive cultivation porcupine, Excrement and urine yield increase with the increase of porcupine cultivation amount, current combination colony house excrement, urine collecting and processing ratio It is relatively time consuming laborious, and excrement, urine cannot be recycled, waste part resource;Existing porcupine pigsty is for space Utilization it is also undesirable, improve porcupine aquaculture cost.
Summary of the invention
The present invention overcomes the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly porcupine pigsty that breeding combines are provided, in pig Flower stand is arranged in circle top, and flower stand has heat-insulation warm keeping effect, cool in summer and warm in winter, imitates porcupine field survivorship environment, and porcupine can both hide oneself hole Cave can contact the Nature again, saves warming cooling cost, porcupine is made to have the sense of security, can also in flower stand serike, mention The utility value that high pigsty is taken up space, and recycled excrement, urine by way of system circulation, avoid resource Waste reduces aquaculture cost, and the excreta of porcupine is all recycled when large-scale farming, and zero-emission is environmentally friendly.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
A kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly porcupine pigsty, multiple side-by-side formation colony house groups of colony house, between every two colony house group Passageway is set, and each colony house group inclination, which is built, forms high elevation end and low-lying end in ground, builds bottom in each colony house group The inclined flower stand in face, the deeper side of the flower stand are connected on colony house group inner wall, each colony house in shallower side and colony house group Side wall is connected and fixed, the flower stand that the flower stand in same all colony houses of colony house group is linked to be it is integral inclined setting and inclined direction and circle House group inclined direction is identical, sets gradually metalling, Guamishi layer, soil layer, organic fertilizer layer and soil in the flower stand from bottom to top Layer;Slurry gutte is set under colony house group, and slurry gutte is obliquely installed and inclined direction is identical as colony house group inclined direction, on slurry gutte Side's setting leakage dropping-board;In the high elevation end of colony house group setting Sewage treatment pond and drinking-water pressure release pond, at the low-lying end of colony house group Wastewater collection pond, methane-generating pit and biogas slurry pond are set, and drinking-water pressure release pond is connect with the water fountain in colony house, and Sewage treatment pond passes through pipe Road is connected to the high elevation end of slurry gutte, and methane-generating pit is connected to the low-lying end of slurry gutte by pipeline, and dry and wet is arranged in methane-generating pit Biogas slurry is discharged into biogas slurry pond by separator, and biogas slurry pond is connected to flower stand by pipeline, water pump is arranged in respective line, and manage Multiple outlets are connected respectively in the flower stand above each colony house side by side in road, and the metalling at the low-lying end of flower stand is connected by pipeline It is connected to wastewater collection pond, wastewater collection pond is connected to by pipeline with Sewage treatment pond, and water pump is arranged on the pipeline.
The energy-saving and environment-friendly porcupine pigsty sets gradually 10cm metalling, 10cm melon rice in flower stand from bottom to top Rock layers, 10cm soil layer, 15cm organic fertilizer layer and 20cm soil layer.
The energy-saving and environment-friendly porcupine pigsty, flower stand bottom are minimum from colony house ground 70cm, flower stand bottom angled shape At height fall be 30cm, flower stand upper surface from the ground highly be 1.4m.
The energy-saving and environment-friendly porcupine pigsty, on colony house of the flower stand covering no more than 2/3 in each of which described colony house Side's opening, colony house top are not at least 55cm by the width for the part that flower stand covers;Not by flower stand lid above the colony house Awning is arranged in part firmly, and awning is mounted in flower stand by rotation axis, and awning can using rotation axis as rotation center from Horizontal position is rotated up to vertical position.
The energy-saving and environment-friendly porcupine pigsty, the every extension 10m of colony house group, topography highest point improve again 10cm。
The energy-saving and environment-friendly porcupine pigsty in the same colony house group, is set on the side wall of the two neighboring colony house It sets one and is open and is mounted on opening with fence and two colony houses are isolated.
The energy-saving and environment-friendly porcupine pigsty is disposed adjacent two colony house groups, two colony houses between two passageways The flower stand of group is connected to form an entirety, and flower stand bottom is from two sides to intermediate, inclined.
The energy-saving and environment-friendly porcupine pigsty, the ground in each of which described colony house are inclined side out of colony house to passageway direction Tiltedly, the side that passageway is closed below colony house is arranged in slurry gutte;Valve is set on the pipeline that Sewage treatment pond is connect with slurry gutte.
Long rattan plant-climbing rack is set up in the energy-saving and environment-friendly porcupine pigsty, all colony house groups tops.
The herbage that the energy-saving and environment-friendly porcupine pigsty, the interior plantation Chinese herbal medicine of the flower stand or porcupine eat.
Compared with prior art, the present invention at least has the advantages that
1, colony house group, flower stand and slurry gutte are tilted into build, makes sewage or excrement in colony house, flower stand and slurry gutte It is easy to pool together automatically, keeps colony house easy to clean, easily keep colony house and its surrounding to clean, the water in flower stand can continue to back It receives and utilizes.
2, flower stand is built in colony house group, the space of safety can be provided to porcupine, the setting of flower stand bottom angled is convenient for filtering Water collects, and by planting plants after the different material-paving of multilayer in flower stand, improves pigsty space utilization rate, while flower stand Nei Keli Fertilizer is provided for plant with the biogas slurry after separating dry space from moist space, reduces cultivation and planting cost, fills the excrement of porcupine, urine Divide and utilizes, zero-emission, therefore it is free from environmental pollution.
3, after excrement, urine are fermented and sterilized into methane-generating pit, pass through separating dry space from moist space, liquid portion recycling, solid To external process at organic fertilizer, the excrement for generating porcupine aquaculture is fully used for part transport, reduces aquaculture cost, right It is environmental-friendly.
4, without setting up the structures such as steelframe awning above colony house, the flower stand on colony house can provide preferable wind sheltering for porcupine It takes shelter from rain condition, the colony house with flower stand can save the expense that about 1/2 awning is set up.
5, compared with it need to set up the colony house of awning, the anti-extreme weather of porcupine pigsty of the invention (such as storm wind, extremely cold or pole Heat weather) ability it is stronger.
6, due to pigsty be triple three dimensional-planting-breedings (ground is to support porcupine, intermediate flower stand plantation Chinese herbal medicine and grape class plant, Grapevine covers entire upper end space), therefore the utilization rate in soil that occupies of pigsty reaches 200% or so, pigsty soil and sky Between utilization rate it is high.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the inner wall of two colony houses close to the porcupine pigsty structural schematic diagram being close together.
Fig. 2 is the cross-sectional view of single colony house.
Fig. 3 is cross-sectional view of two inner walls close to the colony house being close together.
Fig. 4 is two side walls close to the porcupine pigsty front elevation being close together.
Fig. 5 is two side walls close to the porcupine pigsty top view being close together.
Fig. 6 is entire colony house circulatory system annexation figure.
Fig. 7 is the cross-sectional view of the colony house provided with awning.
In figure, 1- high elevation end, 2- low-lying end, 3- flower stand, 4- inner wall, 5- side wall, 6- metalling, 7- Guamishi layer, 8- soil layer, 9- organic fertilizer layer, 10- slurry gutte, 11- leakage dropping-board, 12- Sewage treatment pond, 13- drinking-water pressure release pond, 14- wastewater collection Pond, 15- methane-generating pit, 16- water fountain, 17- pipeline, 18- separating dry space from moist space device, 19- fence, 20- long rattan plant-climbing rack, 21- are oblique Floor, 22- valve, 23- awning, 24- biogas slurry pond.
Specific embodiment
In order to make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention clearer, with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments, right The present invention is further elaborated.It should be appreciated that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention, and It is not used in the restriction present invention.
The colony house group of porcupine is made of many individual small colony houses, multiple side-by-side formation colony houses of colony house Passageway, such as 10 small colony house, one colony house group of side-by-side formation, 40 small colony houses are arranged between every two colony house group in group 4 colony houses group a, b, c, d are divided into, a passageway is set between colony house group a, b, a passageway, circle are set between colony house group c, d The inner wall of house group b, c can reduce by a passageway close to being close together, and save space.Each colony house group inclination is built in ground shape At high elevation end and low-lying end.The every extension 10m of colony house group, topography highest point improve 10cm again.I.e. when colony house group length When for 10m, the high low-lying difference of most significant end and least significant end is 10cm, when colony house group length is 20m, most significant end and least significant end High low-lying difference is 20cm, and so on.
Fig. 1 shows that two individual small colony houses are closely packed together the situation of build, and side jaggy is located on colony house Roadside is crossed, convenient for observing porcupine or arresting porcupine, the small colony house of every two is abutted against according to mode shown in FIG. 1 with inner wall 4 is adjacent Together, all small colony houses are closely packed together again with side wall 5 is adjacent, above-mentioned colony house group b, c can be formed, therebetween without passageway.From Fig. 1, which can be seen that, is provided with flower stand 3 above colony house, an entirety can be set into the flower stand of two adjacent colony houses, without single Solely it is provided separately.There are the opening to shuttle between adjacent small colony house convenient for porcupine, the opening on the side wall 5 of small colony house Two small colony houses are kept apart by fence 19, fence 19 can push and pull up and down or left and right push-and-pull, convenient for two small colony houses of connection.
Fig. 2 is the cross-sectional view of an individual small colony house.The flower stand of inclined bottom surface, the deeper side of flower stand are built in colony house It is connected on colony house inner wall 4, each colony house side wall 5 is connected and fixed in shallower side and colony house.When multiple small colony houses are close to build When forming colony house group, the flower stand part in the same colony house group in each small colony house, which is interconnected, forms a longer flower stand, The integral inclined setting of long flower stand and inclined direction is identical as colony house group inclined direction, convenient for leaking water, in flower stand from bottom to top according to Secondary setting metalling 6, Guamishi layer 7, soil layer 8, organic fertilizer layer 9 and soil layer 8.Fence 19 is arranged on colony house side wall, and leans on Nearly passageway, fence lower section are exactly leakage dropping-board, are slurry gutte below leakage dropping-board, and slurry gutte, which is similarly disposed at below colony house, closes on passageway Side.Ground in each small colony house side out of colony house to passageway direction is formed slopely tiltedly plate 21, is convenient for excrement, urine stream To slurry gutte.
A kind of specific embodiment be set gradually from bottom to top in flower stand 10cm metalling, 10cm Guamishi layer, 10cm soil layer, 15cm organic fertilizer layer and 20cm soil layer.The herbage that plantation Chinese herbal medicine or porcupine eat in flower stand, for example can plant Paris polyphylla, it is a kind of short Chinese herbal medicine, can also plant alfalfa, it is a kind of high yield high protein herbage.
Adjacent colony house group is arranged between two passageways can save space, facilitate management.When the inner wall of two colony house groups When being closely packed together, the flower stand 3 of two colony house groups can be built as an entirety, and flower stand bottom is from two sides to intermediate, inclined, As shown in Figure 3.Metalling 6, Guamishi layer 7, soil layer 8, organic fertilizer layer 9 and soil layer 8 are still set gradually in flower stand from bottom to top. The bottom lowest part of flower stand 3 is located at 4 top of inner wall of colony house, and one end that the tiltedly plate 21 in colony house is proximate to inner wall 4 is high, leans on The one end in nearly passageway is low, and similarly, fence 19 is separately positioned on colony house side wall 5.The top of whole porcupine pigsty can also take If long rattan plant-climbing rack 20, long rattan plant can be grape, and summer grapevine rising trend is luxuriant just to avoid heat for porcupine sunshade, the winter After it falls leaf, porcupine can freely bathe in the sunshine.
A, B, C, D respectively represent the width or height of marker location in Fig. 3.A kind of specific embodiment is flower stand Bottom is minimum from colony house ground C=70cm, and the height fall that flower stand bottom angled is formed is D=30cm, and flower stand upper surface is liftoff Face height is B=1.4m.Flower stand covering in each colony house is no more than 2/3 colony house upper opening A, does not have above colony house 55cm is at least by the width for the part that flower stand covers.The vertical metope of flower stand with a thickness of 10cm.It needs to carry out waterproof inside flower stand.
As shown in figure 4, each colony house is provided with water fountain 16 on a face wall in passageway.Fig. 5 is shown from the face of vertical view The installation site of water fountain 16.And it can also be seen that leakage dropping-board 11, wall of the leakage dropping-board close to pigsty passageway side from Fig. 5 Face.Flower stand 3 is arranged close to inner wall 4.Flower stand 3 also forms connection relationship with side wall 5.
The connection relationship of other circulatory systems of colony house group and its surrounding as seen from Figure 6.Slurry gutte is set under colony house group 10, slurry gutte 10 is obliquely installed and inclined direction is identical as colony house group inclined direction, and leakage dropping-board is arranged above slurry gutte;It is enclosing Sewage treatment pond 12 and drinking-water pressure release pond 13 is arranged in the high elevation end 1 of house group, and wastewater collection is arranged at the low-lying end 2 of colony house group Pond 14, methane-generating pit 15 and biogas slurry pond 24, drinking-water pressure release pond 13 are connect with the water fountain in colony house, and Sewage treatment pond 12 passes through pipeline 17 are connected to the high elevation end of slurry gutte 10, and a valve 22 is arranged on the pipeline.Methane-generating pit 15 passes through 17 row of being connected to of pipeline Separating dry space from moist space device 18 is arranged in the low-lying end of dropping pit 10, methane-generating pit 15, and biogas slurry pond 24 is connected to flower stand, pipeline by pipeline 17 The liquid being separated in biogas slurry pond in methane-generating pit is pumped into flower stand, and pipeline by water pump by upper setting water pump (not shown) Multiple outlets are connected respectively in the flower stand above each colony house side by side, and the metalling at the low-lying end of flower stand is connected by pipeline 17 It is connected to wastewater collection pond 14, wastewater collection pond 14 is connected to by pipeline 17 with Sewage treatment pond 12, and water is arranged on the pipeline Pump (not shown).Valve is set on each pipeline.The solid manure separated in methane-generating pit is transported to organic fertilizer processing Factory produces organic fertilizer, and organic fertilizer can be used in flower stand.
One specific embodiment is that Sewage treatment pond is connected to slurry gutte in circle with 15 centimetres of diameter of pipeline.
As shown in fig. 7, awning 23 is arranged in the part not covered by flower stand above colony house, awning is mounted on by rotation axis In flower stand, and awning can be rotated up from horizontal position to vertical position using rotation axis as rotation center.When raining, put down Awning, vertical dotted line position can be turned to awning, fill colony house portion light by being able to maintain drying, fine day in colony house Foot.The mounting height of awning is not unique in figure, and according to actual needs, awning can be mounted so as to lower or higher.In pole Cold weather, colony house top also do not cover opening portion using awning and cord collocation use by the part that flower stand covers, prevent Only cold wind flows backward lairage, keeps warm in circle.
System circulation process is as follows: opening the valve on the pipeline of Sewage treatment pond connection slurry gutte, utilizes Sewage treatment Water in pond rinses slurry gutte, and the excrement, urine in slurry gutte are rinsed inflow methane-generating pit, after everfermentation, utilizes dry and wet point Liquid is separated with solid from device, biogas slurry is discharged into biogas slurry pond, solid matter transports production organic fertilizer, and biogas slurry passes through pipe Road is transported using water pump and is utilized and filtered into the flower stand above each colony house, if the water being pumped into flower stand is not complete Complete utilization is received waste water using water pump and pipeline then by turning again to wastewater collection pond after the filtering of layers of material in flower stand Water in collection pond is pumped into Sewage treatment pond, can be re-used for rinsing slurry gutte, in cycles.
Porcupine pigsty of the invention, very high to the utilization rate of water resource, water resource is circularly used for slurry gutte flushing, and It can be filtered automatically purification using the multilayer material in flower stand, the sewage for keeping excrement, urine content high first passes through methane-generating pit Fermentation and sterilization recycles inexpensive purification device, that is, flower stand to be purified, and purified water meets the quality of slurry gutte flushing water It is required that.Zero outlet of waste water generated is cultivated, does not pollute ground and underground water around farm, protects the environment around farm, Realize environment-protecting cultivation.
The utilizable nutriment of a large amount of plants, utilization of traditional farm to excreta are contained in porcupine excreta Rate is very low, and sewage of the excessive excreta for example containing excrement and urine can be discharged into outside farm, but naturally is net Change ability is limited, this is contaminated farm's surrounding ground resource and water resource, porcupine pigsty of the invention, energy It is enough to utilize the mixture of excrement urine, fertilizer of the liquid portion as plant, extra water be cleaned after with inclination The flower stand of setting collects re-using automatically, and excrement is used to make organic fertilizer, and can be used in flower stand being equipped with machine fertilizer layer, The external zero-emission of porcupine excreta protects the environment around farm, realizes environment-protecting cultivation and energy conservation cultivation.
Porcupine pigsty of the invention is to be designed according to the life habit of porcupine, therefore porcupine is in the circle of this structure It is interior, there is the enough sense of security, be conducive to porcupine and grow up, porcupine lives in this Artenkreis for a long time, is able to maintain fur cleaning, back Portion's spine is complete, and the speed of growth is fast, and resistance is strong.
Although reference be made herein to invention has been described for explanatory embodiment of the invention, however, it is to be understood that ability Field technique personnel can be designed that a lot of other modification and implementations, these modifications and implementations will fall in the application public affairs Within the scope and spirit opened.It more specifically, can be to the group of theme combination layout in range disclosed in the present application A variety of variations and modifications are carried out at component and/or layout.In addition to variations and improvements to the component parts and or layout, To those skilled in the art, other purposes also will be apparent.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly porcupine pigsty, multiple colony house side-by-side formation colony house groups are set between every two colony house group Set passageway, it is characterised in that each colony house group inclination, which is built, forms high elevation end (1) and low-lying end (2) in ground, each The flower stand (3) of inclined bottom surface is built in colony house group, the deeper side of the flower stand is connected on colony house group inner wall (4), shallower Side is connected and fixed with colony house side wall (5) each in colony house group, and the flower stand that the flower stand in same all colony houses of colony house group is linked to be is whole Be obliquely installed and inclined direction be identical as colony house group inclined direction, set gradually from bottom to top in the flower stand metalling (6), Guamishi layer (7), soil layer (8), organic fertilizer layer (9) and soil layer (8);Slurry gutte (10) are set under colony house group, slurry gutte inclination is set It sets and inclined direction is identical as colony house group inclined direction, leakage dropping-board (11) are set above slurry gutte;In the high elevation of colony house group Wastewater collection pond (14), natural pond are arranged at the low-lying end of colony house group in end setting Sewage treatment pond (12) and drinking-water pressure release pond (13) Gas pond (15) and biogas slurry pond (24), drinking-water pressure release pond (13) are connect with the water fountain (16) in colony house, and Sewage treatment pond (12) are logical Piping (17) is connected to the high elevation end of slurry gutte (10), and methane-generating pit (15) is connected to slurry gutte (10) by pipeline (17) Low-lying end, methane-generating pit (15) are arranged separating dry space from moist space device (18), biogas slurry are discharged into biogas slurry pond (24);Biogas slurry pond passes through pipeline (17) it is connected to flower stand, water pump is set in respective line, and multiple outlets are connected respectively to above each colony house pipeline side by side In flower stand (3);The metalling (6) at the low-lying end of flower stand is connected to wastewater collection pond (14), wastewater collection by pipeline (17) Pond (14) is connected to by pipeline (17) with Sewage treatment pond (12), and water pump is arranged on the pipeline.
2. energy-saving and environment-friendly porcupine pigsty according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in the flower stand from bottom to top successively 10cm metalling, 10cm Guamishi layer, 10cm soil layer, 15cm organic fertilizer layer and 20cm soil layer are set.
3. energy-saving and environment-friendly porcupine pigsty according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the flower stand bottom is minimum from colony house Ground 70cm, the height fall that flower stand bottom angled is formed are 30cm, and flower stand upper surface is highly 1.4m from the ground.
4. energy-saving and environment-friendly porcupine pigsty according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the flower stand in each colony house is covered Lid is no more than 2/3 colony house upper opening, is not at least 55cm by the width for the part that flower stand covers above colony house;The circle Part setting awning (23) that house top is not covered by flower stand, awning is mounted in flower stand by rotation axis, and awning energy It is enough to be rotated up from horizontal position to vertical position using rotation axis as rotation center.
5. energy-saving and environment-friendly porcupine pigsty according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the every extension 10m of colony house group, Topography highest point improves 10cm again.
6. energy-saving and environment-friendly porcupine pigsty according to claim 1, it is characterised in that two neighboring in the same colony house group One opening is set on the side wall of the colony house and is mounted on opening with fence (19), two colony houses are isolated.
7. energy-saving and environment-friendly porcupine pigsty according to claim 1, it is characterised in that adjacent between two passageways to set Two colony house groups are set, the flower stand of two colony house groups is connected to form an entirety, and flower stand bottom is from two sides to intermediate, inclined.
8. energy-saving and environment-friendly porcupine pigsty according to claim 1, it is characterised in that ground in each colony house from The side that passageway is closed below colony house is arranged in lateral passageway direction inclination, slurry gutte in colony house;Sewage treatment pond (12) and row Valve (22) are set on the pipeline of dropping pit (10) connection.
9. energy-saving and environment-friendly porcupine pigsty according to claim 1, it is characterised in that set up above all colony house groups Long rattan plant-climbing rack (20).
10. energy-saving and environment-friendly porcupine pigsty according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in the flower stand plantation Chinese herbal medicine or The edible herbage of person porcupine.
CN201811623261.3A 2018-09-10 2018-12-28 A kind of energy-saving and environment-friendly porcupine pigsty Pending CN109526763A (en)

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