CN104855327B - A kind of loach ecological circulation flowing water culture system - Google Patents

A kind of loach ecological circulation flowing water culture system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104855327B
CN104855327B CN201510261448.3A CN201510261448A CN104855327B CN 104855327 B CN104855327 B CN 104855327B CN 201510261448 A CN201510261448 A CN 201510261448A CN 104855327 B CN104855327 B CN 104855327B
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loach
water
pond
canal
rectangle
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CN104855327A (en
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庞显炳
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Anyang Academy Of Aquatic Sciences
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Anyang Academy Of Aquatic Sciences
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/003Aquaria; Terraria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of loach ecological circulation flowing water culture system, collect canal including rectangle loach breeding pond, gutter, water earthworm cultivation ditch, wetland purification canal and water purification, rectangle loach breeding pond pool wall is provided with drainpipe, its one end outside is provided with gutter, water earthworm cultivation ditch, and the other end is provided with water purification and collects canal.The side in rectangle loach breeding pond is provided with wetland purification canal, and water body collects canal → loach breeding pond through loach breeding bottom of pond layer → gutter → water earthworm cultivation ditch → wetland purification canal → water purification.The present invention is using without native flowing water culture mode, bed mud is replaced with submerged plant, optimization loach perches, environment of ingesting, water earthworm is cultivated using the waste water of breeding loach, and for loach provides living bait, purified water using wet land system, realize that the efficient circulation of water body is utilized, lifting loach quality, increases loach yield.

Description

A kind of loach ecological circulation flowing water culture system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of loach ecological circulation flowing water culture system, belong to aquaculture installation field.
Background technology
Loach, also referred to as net-rope, Cypriniformes, Cyprinoidei, Cobitidae, loach genus, loach fish.Loach is referred to as " ginseng in water ", Southern china various regions are distributed northern uncommon but are also distributed various regions.Whole year can all harvest, and summer is most, after loach catches, Can using fresh herb or drying use.Loach lives in Hu Chi, and body is minimum, and only three, four cun long.
Loach is distributed widely in the ground such as the Chinese, Japanese of Asia bank, Korea, Russia and India, edible, is used as medicine. Also containing abundant nucleosides in loach body, nucleosides is the Main Ingredients and Appearance of various vaccines, can improve body anti-virus ability.Phosphoric acid Portugal Grape sugar mutase has good auxiliary therapeutic action to hepatitis, cancer.Loach fish is containing good protein, fat, vitamin A, dimension life Plain B1, nicotinic acid, iron, phosphorus, calcium etc..Its is sweet, mild-natured, has tonifying middle-Jiao and Qi, supports kidney production of sperm effect.Have preferably to adjusting sexual function Effect.Man's often to eat loach can nourishing and fit keeping function.It is sweet mild-natured, there are warm middle QI invigorating, clear diuresis, removing toxic substances cure haemorrhoids. Loach fine and tender taste, nutritive value is very high, and it slides saliva anti-inflammation.Jaundice with damp-heat pathogen, difficult urination can be controlled, stolen after being ill The diseases such as sweat.
Traditional loach pond culture mode, perches ring using bottom of pond mud or the soft soil of laying as loach mostly Organic matter and harmful substance contents are too high in border, bottom of pond and water body, and increase with loach daily ration, feeding quantity, pond residual bait and fish body The accumulation of excreta, water body oxygen demand is big, it is difficult to maintains good dissolved oxygen condition and water quality index, not only seriously governs loach Life growth, and the bait sunk in bed mud is difficult to be ingested utilization by loach, causes bait to waste, particularly in mud The loach mud fishy smell perched is dense, inferior quality.
Loach belongs to export-oriented industry aquatic products, and supply falls short of demand for international market at home, and its quality, specification quality are influences The main factor of price.Intensive culture mode in current culture fishery with a large amount of bait input as main feature, one Aspect, pond residual bait and fish body excreta severe contamination breeding environment, aqueous bio, chemical oxygen consumption (COC) aggravation, poisonous and harmful Material largely grows, and cultivation object disease takes place frequently, and is controlled with lasting, substantial amounts of medicine, causes aquatic products poisonous and harmful substances Residual, the health of serious harm consumer;On the other hand, the discharge of substantial amounts of breeding wastewater also brings environmental pollution, seriously Govern the sustainable development of culture fishery.Therefore, by healthy aquaculture, ecologic breeding mode, controlled in breeding process Poisonous and harmful substance, lifting aquatic product quality, produce nuisanceless aquatic products, green aquatic product, as realizing that culture fishery produces The direction of industry structure optimization, transition and upgrade and sustainable development.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are to provide a kind of loach ecological circulation flowing water culture system, overcome traditional mud Using bottom of pond mud or the soft soil of laying as the habitat of loach in loach breeding way, cause organic matter in bottom of pond and water body It is too high with harmful substance contents, and as the increase of loach daily ration, feeding quantity causes that pond residual bait and fish body excreta are accumulated, water body consumption Oxygen amount is big, it is difficult to maintain good dissolved oxygen condition and water quality index, and seriously govern the growth of loach causes loach mud fishy smell dense Weight, the defect of inferior quality.
The technical scheme that the present invention solves above-mentioned technical problem is as follows:A kind of loach ecological circulation flowing water culture system, bag Include rectangle loach breeding pond, gutter, water earthworm cultivation ditch, wetland purification canal and water purification and collect canal,
The pool wall bottom of described rectangle loach breeding pond one end is provided with drainpipe;The gutter is located at the rectangle The pool wall outside of loach breeding pond one end, its top levels are parallel or minimum less than the bottom in the rectangle loach breeding pond The horizontal plane at end;
The water earthworm cultivation ditch is located at the outside in the gutter, and its one end cultivates ditch water inlet and institute by water earthworm Gutter connection is stated, the water earthworm cultivation ditch other end is provided with water earthworm cultivation ditch delivery port;
The top level of the wetland purification canal is concordant with the upper horizontal of water earthworm cultivation ditch, positioned at the length Square loach breeding pond side and one end of ditch water inlet is cultivated away from the water earthworm, the wetland purification canal is by described wet Two gaps that ground purification canal one end is set are connected with the rectangle loach breeding pond and gutter respectively;The wetland is net Hua Qu one end cultivates ditch delivery port and is connected with water earthworm cultivation ditch by the water earthworm, and the other end is provided with wetland purification canal Delivery port;
The water purification collects other end pool wall outside of the canal positioned at the rectangle loach breeding pond, the rectangle loach The pool wall of the culturing pool other end is provided with loach breeding pond water inlet;The water purification collect canal by wetland purification canal delivery port with The wetland purification canal connection, is provided with it and conveys the latent of water purification to rectangle loach breeding pond by loach breeding pond water inlet Water pump.
The shunting of water body of the invention, purification and circulation route have:First, through loach breeding bottom of pond layer → gutter → water earthworm Earthworm cultivation ditch → wetland purification area Wai Qu → water purification collects canal → loach breeding pond, is mainly used in keeping water earthworm cultivation ditch frequent Property miniflow water condition, the water flowed out by water earthworm cultivation ditch contains ammonia nitrogen and other organic and inorganic wastes higher, slow stream Effectively purified through wetland purification canal.
2nd, canal → loach breeding pond is collected through loach breeding bottom of pond floor → gutter → wetland purification area Nei Qu → water purification, When being mainly used in that loach breeding pond flow velocity is very fast, gutter water is larger, the upper water in gutter is set to overflow into wetland purification area Interior canal, completes the quick cyclic utilization of water body.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Using without native flowing water culture mode, bottom of pond is not only easy for mud to the present invention without bed mud Loach ingests in bottom, improves bait utilization;Can also be during breeding production, loach eats the excrement of surplus residual bait and excretion The dirt of generation can in time be discharged with lasting bottom draining, reduce water pollution.
The reasonable Arrangement of present invention cultivation structure, that is, take loach cultivation integrated with water earthworm, during loach breeding The waste water of continued emissions contains abundant organic debris particle, humus and tiny organism, just for water earthworm is eaten utilization, symbol The habit that the happiness of Heshui earthworm is lived, ingested in the mud for having miniflow water, organic matter abundant, using giving up that loach breeding pond produces Water cultivates water earthworm, and water earthworm provides agreeable to the taste living bait, realizes the benign of matter and energy and follow for the cultivation of loach again Ring.Water earthworm is nutritious, and dry product contains crude protein 62%, and various necessary amino acid contents, up to 35%, are the first-selections of breeding loach Palatability bait, phagostimulating effect, growth rate and survival rate for lifting loach play the role of important.With water earthworm raising Loach body colour is good, meat is fine and smooth, delicious flavour, commodity rate are high, can also Shortening culturing period, reduce aquaculture cost, improve economical Benefit.
On the basis of above-mentioned technical proposal, the present invention can also do following improvement.
A kind of loach ecological circulation flowing water culture system as described above of the invention, further, the length direction loach breeding Direction of the bottom in pond from loach breeding pond water inlet to drainpipe is downward-sloping inclined-plane;Near the drainpipe Fish gathering area is provided with the rectangle loach breeding pond of one end, the length direction in the fish gathering area is along rectangle loach breeding pond Broadside is set, and is inclined inclined-plane from both sides to centre, and centre is provided with porous plate, the lower section of the porous plate and the row Water pipe is connected.The fish gathering area can be designed as bottom 10-20 centimetre of its base plane less than adjacent loach breeding pond.Should The pore size of porous plate can cause that bottom of pond sewage is discharged, it is possible to stop loach escape.
Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is:The present invention is due in the loach near one end of the drainpipe Fish gathering area is provided with culturing pool, after fish gathering area casts net, can be discharged water by drainpipe when loach is salvaged, can be fast It is fast that loach is simply concentrated on into fish gathering area, reduce the damage to loach body surface during fishing for.
A kind of loach ecological circulation flowing water culture system as described above of the invention, further, the institute of the gutter side State drainpipe and drainage pipeline is connected with by perpendicular type turning gland.After placing loach in loach breeding pond, thermophilic season keeps Most shallow place's water level heightens water level to keep in more than 45cm, the drainage pipeline that high temperature season can be connected by perpendicular type turning gland Bottom water temperature is suitable, and Wintering Period is deepened water level and survived the winter with profit.
Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is:Can by control perpendicular type turning gland connect drainpipe Water level height and drain discharge in the direction and then control loach breeding pond in road, it is simple to operate.
The above-mentioned fish gathering area 1~2m wide of the present invention, 10~20cm deep compared with bottom of pond adjacent part, because loach breeding pond is entered certainly Mouth of a river one end slightly has gradient (gradient 2%, every 2 meters of 100 meters of horizontal ranges reduction height) to drainpipe one end end, and loach is supported for cleaning Be conducive to draining water when growing pond and loach is concentrated on fish gathering area.During fish, the valve of water inlet is closed, fishing net is tight on one side The close lower section for being fixed on fish gathering area and adjacent pool bottom boundary line, fishing net is launched to be laid in fish gathering area bottom surface, and remainder rides over Pool wall top, then rotates to displacement maximum the drainage pipeline that perpendicular type turning gland on the outside of loach breeding pond is connected, Auto-drainage, when loach is all focused in the net in fish gathering area, you can receive net by the safe harvesting of loach.Therefore, connection with fishing operations It is very convenient, and loach bulk damage can be avoided.
A kind of loach ecological circulation flowing water culture system as described above of the invention, further, the rectangle loach breeding Both sides in pond are provided with submerged plant area.The submerged plant area 1~1.5m wide.
Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is:Submerged plant is laid in the water body of pond both sides, is that loach carries Supplied more preferably bottom perch with hidden environment, submerged plant can be by effectively absorbing the nutriment such as nitrogen, phosphorus in water body To purify water, water body dissolved oxygen is increased by photosynthesis, high temperature season can shelter from heat or light cooling, part submerged plant tender leaf is mud Loach provides green forage nutrition;By improving habitat and purifying water, the purified in situ of water body is realized, for loach provides Good life, growing environment, promote the fast-growth of loach, the loach produced without mud fishy smell, unharmful substance residual, Improve the quality of loach.
A kind of loach ecological circulation flowing water culture system as described above of the invention, further, the rectangle loach breeding Pond is divided into big loach pond, middle loach pond and small loach pond, and the big loach pond, middle loach pond and small loach pond are arranged in parallel successively The side of the wetland purification canal, the pool wall bottom of its one end is equipped with drainpipe, loach is equipped with the pool wall of the other end and is supported Pond water inlet is grown, the drainpipe connects with the gutter on the outside of the pool wall of described rectangle loach breeding pond one end It is logical.
A kind of loach ecological circulation flowing water culture system as described above of the invention, further, the water earthworm cultivation ditch is Two, including the first water earthworm cultivation ditch and the second water earthworm cultivation ditch, the first water earthworm cultivation ditch and the cultivation of the second water earthworm Ditch is disposed in parallel in the gutter outside, the water inlet of outermost water earthworm cultivation ditch and the most inner side water earthworm cultivation ditch Water inlet position correspondence and it is interconnected;The other end cultivates ditch delivery port and connects with the wetland purification canal by water earthworm It is logical.
A kind of loach ecological circulation flowing water culture system as described above of the invention, further, the wetland purification canal is two Bar, including the first wetland purification canal and the second wetland purification canal, the first wetland purification canal are arranged on the big loach pond Outside, the second wetland purification canal is located at the outside of the first wetland purification canal, and described first wetland purification canal one end leads to Gap is crossed to be connected with the big loach pond and gutter;Described second wetland purification canal one end cultivates ditch water outlet by water earthworm Mouth is connected with water earthworm cultivation ditch.
Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is:Water earthworm cultivates ditch and wetland purification canal uses ditching type knot Structure, water body long flow path, unit Wetland Area biomass is big, and effects of purification quality is good.
Wetland purification canal is inside and outside two, and interior canal is that the first wetland purification canal is used to locate reason gutter and big loach pond spilling The lighter water body of pollution, outer canal is the water that the second wetland purification canal is used to the heavy contamination for locating the cultivation ditch discharge of reason water earthworm Body, realizes the key breakthrough of purification of water quality treatment, it is ensured that effects of purification quality.The present invention can also put in a suitable place to breed in wetland purification canal Spiral shell bivalves mollusk and plantation submerged plant, may be respectively used in supplement loach high-quality animal bait and loach breeding Submerged plant in pond, expands the function of wetland, and it is integrated with dystopy purification that the structure realizes in-situ purification of water body.
A kind of loach ecological circulation flowing water culture system as described above of the invention, further, the big loach pond and middle mud Water stream channel is equipped with the pool wall in loach pond, the water stream channel includes that big loach water circulation road and middle loach water circulate Road, the big loach water circulation road is arranged on the pool wall in the big loach pond, and away from the wetland purification canal side and Collect on the pool wall of canal one end near the water purification;The big loach water circulation road is diagonal with the middle loach water circulation road Line direction is arranged.Water stream channel is square, length of side 40-60cm.
A kind of loach ecological circulation flowing water culture system as described above of the invention, further, the big loach water circulation Loach screening porous plate is installed on road and middle loach water circulation road.Loach screening porous plate control current, while controlling phase Adjacent two ponds loach turnover.
Beneficial effect using above-mentioned further scheme is:It is arranged on the big mud on big loach pond and middle loach pond pool wall top Loach water circulation road and middle loach water circulation road and big loach water circulation road and middle loach water circulation road in diagonally opposed, And wetland purification canal one end gap connection wetland purification canal, formed in small loach pond → middle loach pond → big loach pond → wetland purification area Canal → water purification pooling zone → small, in and big loach pond water (flow) direction.The water (flow) direction is mainly used in emergent and carries out loach rule Lattice automatic screening point is supported (because loach has the habit advanced against the current), usually due to loach pool water level it is shallower it is general without.Loach gives birth to In growth process, when substantially differentiation occurs in same pond loach specification, the porous plate of different pore size is changed, the small loach in middle loach pond can be made Adverse current enters small loach pond, loach pond in the middle loach adverse current entrance in big loach pond, so as to realize loach size specification point foster mesh automatically 's.
A kind of loach ecological circulation flowing water culture system as described above of the invention, further, rectangle loach breeding pond is long 8-12 meters, wide 4-5 meters, most shallow place is high 1-1.2 meters.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of loach ecological circulation flowing water culture System planes schematic diagram of the invention.
In accompanying drawing, the list of parts representated by each label is as follows:
1st, rectangle loach breeding pond, 2, gutter, 3, water earthworm cultivation ditch, 4, wetland purification canal, 5, water purification collect canal, 6th, drainpipe, 7, water earthworm cultivation ditch water inlet, 8, water earthworm cultivation ditch delivery port, 9, gap, 10, wetland purification canal water outlet Mouthful, 11, loach breeding pond water inlet, 12, immersible pump, 13, big loach water circulation road, 14, middle loach water circulation road, 15, Fish gathering area, 16, submerged plant area, 17, porous plate.
Specific embodiment
Principle of the invention and feature are described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, example is served only for explaining the present invention, and It is non-for limiting the scope of the present invention.
As shown in figure 1, a kind of loach ecological circulation flowing water culture system, including rectangle loach breeding pond 1, gutter 2, Water earthworm cultivation ditch 3, wetland purification canal 4 and water purification collect canal 5, and the length in the rectangle loach breeding pond can select 8-12 Rice, wide 4-5 meters, most shallow place's height can select 1-1.2 meters.
The pool wall bottom of described one end of rectangle loach breeding pond 1 is provided with drainpipe 6;The gutter 2 is located at the length The pool wall outside of square one end of loach breeding pond 1, its top levels is parallel or bottom less than the rectangle loach breeding pond 1 The horizontal plane of portion's least significant end;I.e. rectangle loach breeding pond 1 is designed as ground type, and long 10 meters, wide 5 meters, brick pool wall, bottom of pond is hard Change, cement plaster, inwall and ground are smooth, and fish body table can be prevented to be scratched, gutter 2, water earthworm cultivation ditch 3, wetland purification Canal 4 and water purification collect canal 5 and are designed as underground type.
The water earthworm cultivation ditch 3 is located at the outside in the gutter 2, and its one end cultivates ditch water inlet 7 by water earthworm Connected with the gutter 2, the water earthworm cultivation other end of ditch 3 is provided with water earthworm cultivation ditch delivery port 8;
The top level of the wetland purification canal 4 is concordant with the upper horizontal of water earthworm cultivation ditch 3, positioned at described The side of rectangle loach breeding pond 1 and away from one end of water earthworm cultivation ditch water inlet 7, the wetland purification canal 4 passes through Two gaps 9 that described one end of wetland purification canal 4 is set are connected with the rectangle loach breeding pond 1 and gutter 2 respectively; Described one end of wetland purification canal 4 cultivates ditch delivery port 7 and is connected with water earthworm cultivation ditch 3 by the water earthworm, the other end It is provided with wetland purification canal delivery port 10;
The water purification collects other end pool wall outside of the canal 5 positioned at the rectangle loach breeding pond 1, the rectangle mud The pool wall of the other end of loach culturing pool 1 is provided with loach breeding pond water inlet 11;The water purification is collected canal 5 and is gone out by wetland purification canal The mouth of a river 10 connects with the wetland purification canal 4, is provided with it and conveyed to loach breeding pond net by loach breeding pond water inlet 11 The immersible pump 12 of water.
Wherein, 1 point of the rectangle loach breeding pond is big loach pond 101, middle loach pond 102 and small loach pond 103, institute Big loach pond 101, middle loach pond 102 and small loach pond 103 is stated to be arranged in parallel successively the side of the wetland purification canal 4, one The pool wall bottom at end is equipped with drainpipe 6, and loach breeding pond water inlet 11, the drainpipe 6 are equipped with the pool wall of the other end Connected with the gutter 2 on the outside of the pool wall of described one end of rectangle loach breeding pond 1.
The water earthworm cultivation ditch 3 is two, including the first water earthworm cultivation ditch 301 and second water earthworm cultivation ditch 302, First water earthworm cultivation ditch 301 and second water earthworm cultivation ditch 302 is disposed in parallel in the outside of the gutter 2, outermost successively It is corresponding and interconnected with the most inner side water earthworm cultivation ditch water inlet position that water earthworm cultivates ditch water inlet;The other end leads to Water earthworm cultivation ditch delivery port 8 is crossed to be connected with the wetland purification canal 4.
The wetland purification canal 4 is two, including the first wetland purification canal 401 and the second wetland purification canal 402, described the One wetland purification canal 401 sets the outside in the big loach pond 101, and it is wet that the second wetland purification canal 402 is located at described first The outside of ground purification canal 401, described one end of first wetland purification canal 401 passes through gap 9 and the big loach pond 101 and draining Ditch 2 is connected;Described one end of second wetland purification canal 402 cultivates ditch delivery port 8 and connects with water earthworm cultivation ditch 3 by water earthworm It is logical.
Water stream channel, the water stream channel bag are equipped with one pool wall in the big loach pond 101 and middle loach pond 102 Big loach water circulation road 13 and middle loach water circulation road 14 are included, the big loach water circulation road 13 sets the big loach On the pool wall in pond 101, and collect on the pool wall of the one end of canal 5 away from the side of wetland purification canal 4 and near the water purification;It is described Middle loach water circulation road 14 is arranged with the big diagonal of loach water circulation road 13.The big loach water circulation road Porous plate is screened with loach is provided with middle loach water circulation road.
The present invention influences small rule due to during loach breeding, due to many reasons, easily causing the difference of growth specification Robbing for lattice loach is eaten and is grown, and colony's specification is quickly broken up, and exacerbates the great disparity of size specification, has had a strong impact on loach Commodity rate and overall culture efficiency.The present embodiment devises three ponds loach breeding pond arrangement arranged side by side, long for putting body in a suitable place to breed The loach of more than 5cm, can artificially be divided into three levels according to actual conditions by loach specification, respectively small loach, middle loach and big Loach, puts in a suitable place to breed cultivated in small loach pond, middle loach pond and big loach pond successively, to improve the commodity rate and culture efficiency of loach.It is simultaneously The specification Differentiation Problems in loach growth course are solved, automatic screening and point foster functional facilities are devised.
The specific embodiment of the invention is collected by small loach pond → middle loach pond → big loach pond → wetland purification area Nei Qu → water purification Area → small, in and big loach pond water (flow) direction and make use of that loach is good at habit that adverse current top water escapes and cylindrical shape build is special Levy, the hard porous plate for being covered with circular hole is devised on the water stream channel in big loach pond and middle loach pond, it is necessary to when dividing foster, pass through Change porous plate to adjust pore size, cause to orient current, make to push up water into small loach pond compared with small dimension loach in middle loach pond Larger specification loach can not pass through because of aperture deficiency, loach pond in making to enter compared with small dimension loach top water in big loach pond and larger rule Lattice loach can not pass through because of aperture deficiency, it is achieved thereby that the automatic screening of loach specification, point foster function, design unique, new Grain husk, it is easy to operate, while being conducive to avoiding artificial screening from causing mechanical damage to loach.
The present invention is in a kind of specific embodiment:The bottom in the loach breeding pond intakes from the loach breeding pond Mouth to the direction of drainpipe is downward-sloping inclined-plane;Fish gathering area is provided with the loach breeding pond of one end of the drainpipe 15, the length direction in the fish gathering area 15 is set along the broadside in loach breeding pond, is inclined oblique from both sides to centre Face, centre is provided with porous plate 17, and the lower section of the porous plate connects with the drainpipe 6.
The present invention in a kind of specific embodiment preferably:The drainpipe of the gutter side passes through right angle Type turning gland is connected with drainage pipeline.
The present invention in a kind of specific embodiment preferably:Both sides in the rectangle loach breeding pond are provided with heavy Water floral region 16.
The specific implementation system of the embodiment of the present invention also has and has the following advantages that:
1st, realize save land, economize on water, energy-conservation, the section multifunctional all such as bait, multi-faceted promotion cultivates synergy.
Loach height intensive culture pattern, floor space is small, and loach yield is high, if every mouthful of loach breeding pond water purification face with 50m2Count, then a total of about 320m of whole set of installation floor space2, it is contemplated that 1 year thermophilic feeding period by 5 wheat harvesting periods, produce commodity per year Loach 1500kg or so, the labor productivity of unit area is high, a kind of preferable land-saving aquaculture model of can yet be regarded as, and is adapted in soil Place application that is nervous and having certain water source.
Breeding loach water consumption is small, and loach breeding pool water level is shallower, and realizes the efficient circulation utilization of breeding water body, fits Together in the area application that water source is in short supply, motor-pumped well water source, regular moisturizing, while because floor space is small, being also suitable for garden can be used Cultivation application.
Because floor space is small, water consumption is small, and takes water lift at, the design of other each position self-recycles, Water volume flow rate is relatively low, maintains water circulation to meet needs using a low-power small-sized household immersible pump, and power consumption is little; Bath is usually periodically mended, because water consumption is small, power consumption is also very low.Therefore, using the system, the excellent of electric energy is saved with prominent Gesture.
Take little Chi soil-less breeding modes, feed convenient management, bait wastes few, it is high by fish body utilization rate of ingesting.It is supporting The living bait that water earthworm is used as loach is cultivated, not only input cost is low, and bait palatability is good, and high-quality protein content is high, tool There is fabulous rush food, growth promoting function.The spiral shell bivalves mollusk cultivated furthermore with wet land system further supplements high-quality Animal protein nutrition.Therefore, the relatively low vegetal bait of supplementary cost is relied primarily in the making of artitificial food, is utilized The system breeding loach can significantly save the input of high protein commodity bait, and bait input cost can be greatly lowered.
2nd, the integrated of series matching advanced and applicable technology is embodied, is to realize nuisanceless loach aquatic products and green loach water The new way of product cultivating.
Using the breeding loach of the present embodiment, source water does water source using the well water of high-quality, and water body is by former in breeding process Position and secondary reparation of dystopy purify, and effects of purification quality is good, fully achieves the condition of water quality of green aquatic product cultivation.Cultivation Process realizes effective combination of healthy aquaculture and ecologic breeding, puts in a suitable place to breed and meets the high-quality loach fish that green aquatic product cultivation is required Kind, raised using the high-quality bait of nutrient balance, quality safety, preferable loach life, growth conditions are built, using biology Means control fish body disease occurs, and cultivation input meets green aquatic product cultivation and requires, the loach commodity rate of breeding production is high, Fish body chromaticness and glossiness are good, figure is well-balanced, it is individual it is healthy and strong, disease-free without wound, it is good without mud fishy smell, free from extraneous odour, meat meat flavour, it is every Index can reach green aquatic product requirement, can realize common loach by nuisanceless aquatic products and green aquatic product certification The unapproachable market price of aquatic products and prominent quality benefit.
3rd, System Layout Planning is scientific and reasonable, is easy to flexible Application.
System layout is regular, and each functional areas are combined closely, and internal system is conducive to efficient land used without idle position, saves Land resource.
Loach breeding pond specification can be needed in appropriate ratio Reasonable adjustment according to landform size, and then rationally determines system Overall specification.
The supporting pond quantity in loach breeding area can need flexibly to increase according to landform and cultivation scale, and arrangement mode is constant.
Water earthworm culture zone can flexibly increase the quantity that water earthworm cultivates ditch, and arrangement mode is constant, further to meet mud The quantity of living bait needed for loach cultivation.
Wetland purification area can flexibly increase the quantity of wetland purification canal, and arrangement mode is constant, to strengthen effects of purification quality.
4th, System Operation economy, society and environmental benefit integration, are preferable mode of sustainable development.
Using 320m2Soil, it is contemplated that loach 1500kg can be produced, it is multinomial equivalent to 3~5 mu of loach yield of ordinary pond Technical measures promote cost-saving synergistic, the loach quality better of production, and the market price of loach is 3 times of left sides of common large aquatic products The right side, and be preferable export-oriented industry cultivation object, fanning economics are very considerable.
Without the use of expensive construction material and equipment, take up an area less, construction investment is few, be easy to application, be conducive to optimization industry Structure, created more jobs chance, and safety, high-quality, nutrition aquatic products are provided to society, and social benefit is good.
Be fully integrated healthy ecology cultural technique, realize material, energy it is benign transformed, the high-efficient purification of water body and Recycle, non-wastewater discharge, ecological benefits, environmental benefit are good.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not intended to limit the invention, it is all it is of the invention spirit and Within principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc. should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of loach ecological circulation flowing water culture system, it is characterised in that including rectangle loach breeding pond, gutter, water Vermiculture ditch, wetland purification canal and water purification collect canal,
The pool wall bottom of described rectangle loach breeding pond one end is provided with drainpipe;The gutter is located at the rectangle loach The pool wall outside of culturing pool one end, its top levels are parallel or bottom least significant end less than the rectangle loach breeding pond Horizontal plane;
The water earthworm cultivation ditch is located at the outside in the gutter, and its one end cultivates ditch water inlet and the row by water earthworm Ditch connects, and the water earthworm cultivation ditch other end is provided with water earthworm cultivation ditch delivery port;
The top level of the wetland purification canal is concordant with the upper horizontal of water earthworm cultivation ditch, positioned at the rectangle Loach breeding pond side and away from the water earthworm cultivate ditch water inlet one end, the wetland purification canal by the wetland it is net Two gaps that Hua Qu one end is set are connected with the rectangle loach breeding pond and gutter respectively;The wetland purification canal One end cultivates ditch delivery port and is connected with water earthworm cultivation ditch by the water earthworm, and the other end is provided with wetland purification canal water outlet Mouthful;
The water purification collects other end pool wall outside of the canal positioned at the rectangle loach breeding pond, the rectangle loach breeding The pool wall of the pond other end is provided with loach breeding pond water inlet;The water purification collect canal by wetland purification canal delivery port with it is described Wetland purification canal is connected, and the diving for conveying water purification to rectangle loach breeding pond by loach breeding pond water inlet is provided with it Pump.
2. a kind of loach ecological circulation flowing water culture system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the rectangle loach Direction of the bottom of culturing pool from loach breeding pond water inlet to drainpipe is downward-sloping inclined-plane;Near the draining Fish gathering area is provided with the rectangle loach breeding pond of one end of pipe, the length direction in the fish gathering area is along rectangle loach breeding The broadside in pond is set, and is inclined inclined-plane from both sides to centre, and centre is provided with porous plate, the lower section of the porous plate and institute State drainpipe connection.
3. a kind of loach ecological circulation flowing water culture system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the gutter side The drainpipe drainage pipeline is connected with by perpendicular type turning gland.
4. a kind of loach ecological circulation flowing water culture system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the rectangle loach Both sides in culturing pool are provided with submerged plant area.
5. a kind of loach ecological circulation flowing water culture system according to any one of Claims 1-4, it is characterised in that described Rectangle loach breeding pond is divided into big loach pond, middle loach pond and small loach pond, the big loach pond, middle loach pond and small loach Pond is arranged in parallel the side of the wetland purification canal successively, and the pool wall bottom of its one end is equipped with drainpipe, the pool wall of the other end On be equipped with loach breeding pond water inlet, the drainpipe is connected with gutter.
6. a kind of loach ecological circulation flowing water culture system according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the water earthworm cultivation Ditch is two, including the first water earthworm cultivation ditch and the second water earthworm cultivation ditch, the first water earthworm cultivation ditch and the second water earthworm Cultivation ditch is disposed in parallel in the gutter outside, the water inlet of outermost water earthworm cultivation ditch and most inner side water earthworm cultivation ditch Water inlet position correspondence and it is interconnected;The other end cultivates ditch delivery port and connects with the wetland purification canal by water earthworm It is logical.
7. a kind of loach ecological circulation flowing water culture system according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the wetland purification canal It it is two, including the first wetland purification canal and the second wetland purification canal, the first wetland purification canal is arranged on the big loach The outside in pond, the second wetland purification canal is located at the outside of the first wetland purification canal, the first wetland purification canal one End is connected by gap with the big loach pond and gutter;Described second wetland purification canal one end cultivates ditch by water earthworm Delivery port is connected with water earthworm cultivation ditch.
8. a kind of loach ecological circulation flowing water culture system according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the big loach pond and Water stream channel is equipped with the pool wall in middle loach pond, the water stream channel includes big loach water circulation road and middle loach water stream Passage, the big loach water circulation road is arranged on the pool wall in the big loach pond, and away from the wetland purification canal side And collect on the pool wall of canal one end near the water purification;The big loach water circulation road and the middle loach water circulation road pair Linea angulata direction is arranged.
9. a kind of loach ecological circulation flowing water culture system according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the big loach water Loach screening porous plate is installed on circulation road and middle loach water circulation road.
10. a kind of loach ecological circulation flowing water culture system, its feature according to Claims 1-4,6,7,8,9 any one It is that rectangle loach breeding pond is long 8-15 meters, most shallow place is high 1-1.2 meters.
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