CN109396868A - A kind of Crankshaft Machining production line - Google Patents

A kind of Crankshaft Machining production line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109396868A
CN109396868A CN201811626752.3A CN201811626752A CN109396868A CN 109396868 A CN109396868 A CN 109396868A CN 201811626752 A CN201811626752 A CN 201811626752A CN 109396868 A CN109396868 A CN 109396868A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
clamping
feeding
process equipment
transportation manipulator
transmission
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811626752.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王有卿
黄广陵
钟祥源
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Foshan Longshen Robot Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Foshan Longshen Robot Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Foshan Longshen Robot Co Ltd filed Critical Foshan Longshen Robot Co Ltd
Priority to CN201811626752.3A priority Critical patent/CN109396868A/en
Publication of CN109396868A publication Critical patent/CN109396868A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P23/00Machines or arrangements of machines for performing specified combinations of different metal-working operations not covered by a single other subclass
    • B23P23/06Metal-working plant comprising a number of associated machines or apparatus
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/04Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting by means of grippers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/04Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting by means of grippers
    • B23Q7/043Construction of the grippers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/14Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting co-ordinated in production lines
    • B23Q7/1426Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting co-ordinated in production lines with work holders not rigidly fixed to the transport devices

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of Crankshaft Machining production lines, including feed mechanism, the first process equipment, the first epicyclical mechanism, the second process equipment, the second epicyclical mechanism, third process equipment and cutting agency;It further include the first transportation manipulator, the second transportation manipulator and third transportation manipulator, first transportation manipulator, second transportation manipulator and the third transportation manipulator are electrically connected to controller, first transportation manipulator, second transportation manipulator and the third transportation manipulator are driven by the controller, and complete corresponding transport process;The technical program is organically combined process equipment with manipulator, guarantees the orderly progress between Production of Crankshaft line procedures, improves the production efficiency of Crankshaft Machining, realizes the automation transition in Crankshaft Machining workshop.

Description

A kind of Crankshaft Machining production line
Technical field
The present invention relates to Crankshaft Machining technical field more particularly to a kind of Crankshaft Machining production lines.
Background technique
Within the engine, it converts rotational motion to move along a straight line, or linear motion is converted to the part of rotary motion It is crankshaft, it is the important part of reciprocating engine, cutter, compressor and press.
The processing method of compressor crank shaft is universal at present are as follows: crank shaft blank drill centers, vehicle blank main shaft and vehicle blank pair Axis.This kind of technique is all generally that every equipment processes a process, to guarantee the orderly progress between each first process, needs to be equipped with Multiple professional technicians go to realize the Set and Positioning of workpiece, feeding blanking and operation equipment, and the degree of automation is very low, So that investment personnel cost is high, production efficiency is low.In addition, it is useless to generate the productions such as clast, dust during Crankshaft Machining Object causes shopwork environment very poor, is unfavorable for the health of professional technician.
Currently, the production method of automation has become the development trend of all trades and professions, industrial machine is used in production People's (manipulator) replaces manual operation, constitutes automated production unit or composition automatic production line, is modernization manufacture Important development direction.The production line of high degree of automation is introduced in Crankshaft Machining field, it is real using industrial robot (manipulator) The Set and Positioning of existing workpiece, feeding blanking are more advantageous to so that process equipment organically combines with industrial robot system Guarantee the orderly progress between process, and high degree of automation, is conducive to the production efficiency for improving Crankshaft Machining, reduces crankshaft Employment cost in production process.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to propose a kind of Crankshaft Machining production line, process equipment is organically combined with manipulator, Guarantee the orderly progress between process, improve the production efficiency of Crankshaft Machining, realize the automation transition in Crankshaft Machining workshop, with gram Take shortcoming in the prior art.
To achieve this purpose, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme: a kind of Crankshaft Machining production line, including feed mechanism, One process equipment, the first epicyclical mechanism, the second process equipment, the second epicyclical mechanism, third process equipment and cutting agency;Also wrap Include the first transportation manipulator, the second transportation manipulator and third transportation manipulator, it is first transportation manipulator, second turn described Fortune manipulator and the third transportation manipulator are electrically connected to controller, first transportation manipulator, second transhipment Manipulator and the third transportation manipulator are driven by the controller, and complete corresponding transport process;
The position of the feed mechanism, first process equipment and first epicyclical mechanism is located at described first The clamping zone of transportation manipulator, first transportation manipulator are used for the material transfer on the feed mechanism to described the One process equipment, and be used for the material transfer on first process equipment to first epicyclical mechanism;
The position of first epicyclical mechanism, second process equipment and second epicyclical mechanism is located at described The clamping zone of second transportation manipulator, second transportation manipulator are used for the material transfer on first epicyclical mechanism Extremely second process equipment, and for the material transfer on second process equipment to the second week to be made a connection Structure;
The position of second epicyclical mechanism, the third process equipment and the cutting agency is located at the third The clamping zone of transportation manipulator, the third transportation manipulator are used for the material transfer on second epicyclical mechanism to institute Third process equipment is stated, and is used for the material transfer on the third process equipment to the cutting agency.
Preferably, the feed mechanism includes chassis, feeding driving device, conveying device and lifting device;The conveying Device is mounted on the top of the chassis, and the conveying device is used to for the material being delivered to the feeding of the feed mechanism End, and the conveying device is driven by the feeding driving device, the lifting device is mounted between the conveying device, and Positioned at the flowing end of the feed mechanism, the lifting device is for jacking up the material;
It further include positioning device, the positioning device is mounted on any side of the lifting device, the positioning device For the material to be positioned at the lifting device.
Preferably, the conveying device includes driving shaft, driven shaft and transmission chain;The transmission chain is set around the active The outside of axis and the driven shaft, the driving shaft are driven by the feeding driving device, and the driving shaft rotates Shi Ketong Cross the rotation that the transmission chain drives the driven shaft;
It further include adjusting component, the tightness for adjusting component and being used to adjust the transmission chain;The chassis is appointed Meaning one end offers regulating tank, and the driven shaft, which passes through the regulating tank, can be adjustably mounted to the chassis, the adjusting group Part includes secured adjusted block, movable regulating plate and regulating part, and the movable regulating plate is installed on one end of the driven shaft, described Regulating part is arranged in the secured adjusted block, and the end of the regulating part is bonded with the movable regulating plate, the regulating part For adjusting the displacement of the movable regulating plate, the displacement of the movable regulating plate drives the driven shaft in the regulating tank Movement, the position of the driven shaft adjusts the tightness for adjusting the transmission chain.
Preferably, any one shaft end of the driving shaft or the driven shaft is provided with pitch sensing chip, the pitch sense It answers piece and the driving shaft to rotate coaxially, stepping detector, the stepping detector is provided with above the pitch sensing chip For detecting the rotational travel of the driving shaft, the stepping detector is electrically connected to the feeding driving device.
Preferably, first transportation manipulator includes fixing seat and the first fixture, and first fixture passes through connection method Orchid is installed on the fixing seat;First fixture includes mounting plate, the first clamping device and feeding device, and described first clamps Device is installed on any one plate face of the mounting plate, and first clamping device is for clamping the material, the feeding dress Another plate face for being installed on the mounting plate is set, the feeding device is for material to be detached from from first process equipment;
The feeding device includes feeding cylinder and feeding sliding block, and the feeding sliding block is driven by the feeding cylinder, and The feeding sliding block opposite can be slidably mounted to the mounting plate, and the feeding cylinder is electrically connected with feeding inductor, described Feeding inductor is used to detect the stroke in place of the feeding cylinder.
Preferably, second transportation manipulator includes fixing seat and the second fixture, and second fixture passes through connection method Orchid is installed on the fixing seat;Second fixture includes the second clamping device and limiting device, the second clamping device peace Loaded on the limiting device, and second clamping device moves in the limiting device;
The bottom of second clamping device is provided with sensing chip in place, and the limiting device is provided with inductor in place, Whether in place the inductor in place for detecting second clamping device.
Preferably, the third transportation manipulator includes fixing seat and third fixture, and the third fixture passes through connection method Orchid is installed on the fixing seat;
The third fixture includes dibit clamping device, and the dibit clamping device is for clamping institute in two clamping positions Material is stated, the dibit clamping device includes a clamping component, slide assemblies and secondary clamping component, the primary clamping group Part and the slide assemblies are installed on cylinder mounting base, and the secondary clamping component is installed on the slide assemblies, described primary Clamping component and the secondary clamping component form two clamping positions to the material respectively.
Preferably, the secondary clamping component includes secondary clamping cylinder, clamping plate and fixture block;The clamping plate is provided with two A, two clamping plates are rotatably installed on the secondary clamping cylinder, and the rotation of the clamping plate is by the secondary clamping gas Cylinder driving, the opposite face of two clamping plates are provided with the fixture block, a fixture block, two folders are equipped on a clamping plate Block is for clamping the material.
Preferably, first epicyclical mechanism is identical with the structure of second epicyclical mechanism;First epicyclical mechanism Including rack, driving device and transmission device;The driving device and the transmission device, the biography are installed in the rack Send device for conveying the material;
The transmission device includes that the both ends of the rack are arranged in support rod, transmission rail and transmission seat, the support rod, The top of the support rod is arranged in the transmission rail, and the transmission seat is reciprocally installed on the transmission rail, described The reciprocating motion of transmission seat is driven by the driving device;The transmission device further includes positioning mold, and the positioning mold can It is releasably mounted on the transmission seat.
Preferably, the both ends of the transmission rail are additionally provided with positioning inductor, and the side of the transmission seat is provided with positioning Sensing chip, for the positioning inductor for whether in place to detect the location sensing chip, the positioning inductor is electrically connected to institute State driving device.
Beneficial effects of the present invention: the technical program is organically combined process equipment with manipulator, guarantees Production of Crankshaft Orderly progress between line procedures improves the production efficiency of Crankshaft Machining, realizes the automation transition in Crankshaft Machining workshop.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention will be further described for attached drawing, but the content in attached drawing does not constitute any limitation of the invention.
Fig. 1 is a kind of top view of Crankshaft Machining production line of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of feed mechanism 1 in a kind of Crankshaft Machining production line of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the enlarged drawing in Fig. 2 at A.
Fig. 4 is the partial sectional view of feed mechanism 1 in a kind of Crankshaft Machining production line of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the partial structural diagram of feed mechanism 1 in a kind of Crankshaft Machining production line of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of the first fixture in a kind of Crankshaft Machining production line of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of the second fixture in a kind of Crankshaft Machining production line of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of third fixture in a kind of Crankshaft Machining production line of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of third fixture in a kind of Crankshaft Machining production line of the present invention.
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of the first epicyclical mechanism 5 in a kind of Crankshaft Machining production line of the present invention.
Figure 11 is the partial sectional view of the first epicyclical mechanism 5 in a kind of Crankshaft Machining production line of the present invention.
Wherein: material 0;Feed mechanism 1;Chassis 11;Feeding driving device 12;Conveying device 13;Driving shaft 131;It is driven Axis 132;Transmission chain 133;Feeding limited block 134;Adjust component 135;Regulating tank 101;Secured adjusted block 102;Movable regulating plate 103;Regulating part 104;Pitch sensing chip 107;Stepping detector 108;Shield 109;Lifting device 14;Jacking cylinder 141;It carries Expect platform 142;Positioning device 15;Positioning table 151;Positioning cylinder 152;Position push plate 153;Position buffer stopper 154;Connecting flange 110;
First transportation manipulator 2;Mounting plate 21;First clamping device 22;Clamping cylinder 221;First clamping jaw 222;Second Clamping jaw 223;Flexible connector 224;Inductor 203;Positioning insert 201;Clamp insert 202;Feeding device 23;Feeding cylinder 231;Feeding sliding block 232;Feeding inductor 233;Guided way 234;Guide groove;Feeding cushion 236;
Second transportation manipulator 3;Second clamping device 31;Limiting device 32;Inductor 321 in place;Return springs 325;Reset cushion 326;
Third transportation manipulator 4;Cylinder mounting base 41;Drive rod mounting base 411;Dibit clamping device 42;It is primary to clamp Component 421;Drive rod 424;Limit inductor 425;Slide assemblies 422;Secondary clamping component 423;Secondary clamping cylinder 401; Clamping plate 402;Fixture block 403;Third clamping device 43;
First epicyclical mechanism 5;Rack 51;Driving device 52;Transmission device 53;Support rod 531;Transmit rail 532;Transmit seat 533;Positioning mold 534;Positioning inductor 501;Mold mounting plate 504;U-shaped transfer plate 505;Connecting plate 506;Location sensing chip 502;
Second epicyclical mechanism 6;First process equipment 7;Second process equipment 8;Third process equipment 9;Cutting agency 10.
Specific embodiment
To further illustrate the technical scheme of the present invention below with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
A kind of Crankshaft Machining production line of the present embodiment, including feed mechanism 1, the first process equipment 7, the first epicyclical mechanism 5, the second process equipment 8, the second epicyclical mechanism 6, third process equipment 9 and cutting agency 10;It further include the first transportation manipulator 2, the second transportation manipulator 3 and third transportation manipulator 4, first transportation manipulator 2,3 and of the second transportation manipulator The third transportation manipulator 4 is electrically connected to controller, first transportation manipulator 2,3 and of the second transportation manipulator The third transportation manipulator 4 is driven by the controller, and completes corresponding transport process;
The position of the feed mechanism 1, first process equipment 7 and first epicyclical mechanism 5 is located at described The clamping zone of first transportation manipulator 2, first transportation manipulator 2 are used for the material transfer on the feed mechanism 1 Extremely first process equipment 7, and for the material transfer on first process equipment 7 to be made a connection to described first week Structure 5;
The position of first epicyclical mechanism 5, second process equipment 8 and second epicyclical mechanism 6 is located at The clamping zone of second transportation manipulator 3, second transportation manipulator 3 is used for will be on first epicyclical mechanism 5 Material transfer is to second process equipment 8, and for by the material transfer on second process equipment 8 to described the Two epicyclical mechanisms 6;
The position of second epicyclical mechanism 6, the third process equipment 9 and the cutting agency 10 is located at described The clamping zone of third transportation manipulator 4, the third transportation manipulator 4 are used for the material on second epicyclical mechanism 6 It is transported to the third process equipment 9, and is used for the material transfer on the third process equipment 9 to the blanking machine Structure 10.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of Crankshaft Machining production line, the course of work are as follows: manually by 0 feeding of material to feed mechanism 1, Material 0 is clamped from feed mechanism 1 to the first process equipment 7 processing for carrying out first step by the first transportation manipulator 2, is processed Cheng Hou, the first transportation manipulator 2 clamp material 0 to the first epicyclical mechanism 5;Second transportation manipulator 3 is by material 0 from first week The clamping of rotation mechanism 5 carries out the processing of the second step to the second process equipment 8, and after processing is completed, the second transportation manipulator 3 is by material 0 clamping to the second epicyclical mechanism 6;Third transshipment acitivity hand 4 clamps material 0 to third process equipment 9 from the second epicyclical mechanism 6 The processing of the third step is carried out, after processing is completed, third transportation manipulator 4 clamps material 0 to 10 blanking of cutting agency.
It should be noted that the position of feed mechanism 1, the first process equipment 7 and the first epicyclical mechanism 5 respectively with first turn The position for transporting manipulator 2 is corresponding, i.e., feed mechanism 1, the first process equipment 7 and the first epicyclical mechanism 5 are set to the first transhipment Within the scope of the Transshipment Permitted of manipulator 2;Distinguish the position of first epicyclical mechanism 5, the second process equipment 8 and the second epicyclical mechanism 6 Corresponding with the position of the second transportation manipulator 3, i.e. the first epicyclical mechanism 5, the second process equipment 8 and the second epicyclical mechanism 6 are set It is placed within the scope of the Transshipment Permitted of the second transportation manipulator 3;Second epicyclical mechanism 6, third process equipment 9 and cutting agency 10 Position is corresponding with the position of third transportation manipulator 4 respectively, i.e. the second epicyclical mechanism 6, third process equipment 9 and cutting agency 10 are set within the scope of the Transshipment Permitted of third transportation manipulator 4.
It should be noted that the first transportation manipulator 2, the second transportation manipulator 3 and third transportation manipulator 4 are electrically connected In controller, connection type can be achieved by the prior art, and controller is for controlling the first transportation manipulator 2, the second conveyance Tool hand 3 and the respective transhipment stroke of third transportation manipulator 4.
It further explains, first process equipment 7 can be center hole machined equipment, and second process equipment 8 can For main axis machining apparatus, the third process equipment 9 can be countershaft process equipment.
In the technical scheme, manual operation is replaced using transportation manipulator, realizes the feeding blanking of material, constitute crankshaft The automatic production line of processing, transportation manipulator and process equipment good teamwork are orderly carried out between each procedure, are automated Degree is high, is conducive to the production efficiency for improving Crankshaft Machining, reduces the employment cost during Production of Crankshaft.
It further explains, the feed mechanism 1 includes chassis 11, feeding driving device 12, conveying device 13 and lifting Device 14;The conveying device 13 is mounted on the top of the chassis 11, and the conveying device 13 is for conveying the material 0 The extremely flowing end of the feed mechanism 1, and the conveying device 13 is driven by the feeding driving device 12, the lifting device 14 are mounted between the conveying device 13, and are located at the flowing end of the feed mechanism 1, and the lifting device 14 is for jacking up The material 0;
It further include positioning device 15, the positioning device 15 is mounted on any side of the lifting device 14, described fixed Position device 15 is used to the material 0 being positioned at the lifting device 14.
As Figure 2-Figure 5, a kind of feed mechanism 1 includes chassis 11, feeding driving device 12, conveying device 13, lifting Device 14 and positioning device 15, lifting device 14 are located at the flowing end of feed mechanism 1, for jacking up the material 0, facilitate first 2 feeding of transportation manipulator;Positioning device 15 is used to material 0 being positioned at lifting device 14, makes the first transportation manipulator 2 accurately folder Material 0 is taken, the progress of the next step is facilitated;
It further explains, the feeding driving device 12 is adjustable speed motor, and the defeated of the conveying device 13 is adjusted Speed is sent, different productive temps is adapted to;
It further explains, lifting device 14 includes jacking cylinder 141 and material carrier platform 142, and material carrier platform 142 is by jacking cylinder 141 drive the raising and lowering, it can be achieved that material carrier platform 142.When crank shaft blank is transported to the flowing end of feed mechanism 1, carry The material 0 that material platform 142 will be delivered to position jacks up, and facilitates clamping of first transportation manipulator 2 to crank shaft blank.
It further explains, bit detector is additionally provided on the chassis 11, it is described to be located to bit detector close to institute State the side of lifting device 14, and it is described be electrically connected to the lifting device 14 to bit detector, be for detecting the material 0 No conveying is in place.When detecting that crank shaft blank is transported to the flowing end of conveying device 13 to bit detector, lifting device 14 is connect A signal is received, crank shaft blank is jacked up, facilitates clamping of first transportation manipulator 2 to crank shaft blank, makes the fortune of feed mechanism 1 Row more automates, to improve the degree of automation of Crankshaft Machining production line.
Further explain, it is described to bit detector for penetrating optoelectronic switch.Its principle is the light issued by transmitter Line is directly entered the detection of receiver realization in place.When detected material 0 (referring to crank shaft blank) by transmitter and receiver it Between when, the light that transmitter issues is blocked, and optoelectronic switch generates switching signal, and lifting device 14 receives signal in place, will be bent Axis blank jacks up.To the easy to operate of optoelectronic switch is penetrated, structure is small and at low cost.
It further explains, the positioning device 15 includes positioning table 151, positioning cylinder 152 and positioning push plate 153, institute The height for stating positioning table 151 is higher than the maximum height that the material carrier platform 142 rises, and it is described fixed that the positioning cylinder 152 is mounted on On the platform 151 of position, the positioning push plate 153 is driven by the positioning cylinder 152, and the positioning push plate 153 is used for the material 0 Fit in the material carrier platform 142.Positioning device 15 is mounted on the outside of conveying device 13, facilitates maintenance personal to conveying device 13 Push plate is positioned in addition, positioning device 15 is not limited by the structure of conveying device 13 with the daily maintenance and maintenance of positioning device 15 153 moveable ranges are bigger, and it is more accurate to position.
It further explains, the surface of the positioning push plate 153 is provided with positioning buffer stopper 154.It is right in positioning device 15 It during crank shaft blank is positioned, is finished it is possible that crank shaft blank has positioned, positions push plate 153 still to crankshaft hair The case where base exerts a force, be easy to cause the damage of crank shaft blank, positions the setting of buffer stopper 154, can bear positioning push plate 153 after Continuous force plays the role of protection buffering to crank shaft blank in position fixing process.
It further explains, the conveying device 13 includes driving shaft 131, driven shaft 132 and transmission chain 133;The biography Dynamic chain 133 is set around the outside of the driving shaft 131 and the driven shaft 132, and the driving shaft 131 is driven by the feeding and filled 12 drivings are set, and the rotation of the driven shaft 132 can be driven when the rotation of the driving shaft 131 by the transmission chain 133;
It further include adjusting component 135, the tightness for adjusting component 135 and being used to adjust the transmission chain 133;It is described Any end of chassis 11 offers regulating tank 101, and the driven shaft 132 passes through the regulating tank 101 and can be adjustably mounted to The chassis 11, the adjusting component 135 include secured adjusted block 102, movable regulating plate 103 and regulating part 104, the activity Adjustable plate 103 is installed on one end of the driven shaft 132, and the regulating part 104 is arranged in the secured adjusted block 102, and institute The end for stating regulating part 104 is bonded with the movable regulating plate 103, and the regulating part 104 is for adjusting the movable regulating plate 103 displacement, the displacement of the movable regulating plate 103 drive movement of the driven shaft 132 in the regulating tank 101, institute The position for stating driven shaft 132 adjusts tightness for adjusting the transmission chain 133.
It in the long-term use process of conveying device 13, inevitably will appear chain-loose, cause to convey jiggly situation Occur, is additionally provided in conveying device 13 and adjusts component 135, including secured adjusted block 102, movable regulating plate 103 and regulating part 104, regulating part 104 pushes movable regulating plate 103, so that the movement of driven shaft 132 is driven, the tune of 132 front-rear position of driven shaft Section can cause the variation for being wound around the tightness of the transmission chain 133 in 132 outside of driven shaft, and adjusting component 135 can adjust in time The elastic of transmission chain 133 is saved, so that the performance of conveying device 13 is relatively reliable.
It further explains, the regulating part 104 can be screw.
It further explains, several is provided on the transmission chain 133 for placing the feeding limited block of crank shaft blank 134, it is arranged in material 0 without any confusion on feed mechanism 1, is effectively avoided during feeding mutual between material 0 Friction and collision, prevent the material 0 generated in collision process from damaging, improve the safety of conveying;In addition, row without any confusion Column setting is more advantageous to clamping of first transportation manipulator 2 to material 0, guarantees going on smoothly for process;And the feeding limit The placement section of block 134 is V-shaped, can be effectively to the positioning of crank shaft blank in feeding process.
It further explains, any one shaft end of the driving shaft 131 or the driven shaft 132 is provided with pitch sensing chip 107, the pitch sensing chip 107 and the driving shaft 131 rotate coaxially, and the top of the pitch sensing chip 107 is provided with step Into detector 108, the stepping detector 108 is used to detect the rotational travel of the driving shaft 131, the stepping detector 108 are electrically connected to the feeding driving device 12.
Pitch sensing chip 107 is fixedly mounted on any one shaft end of driving shaft 131 or driven shaft 132, driving shaft 131 or from The rotation of moving axis 132 drives the rotation of pitch sensing chip 107, so that pitch sensing chip 107 is rotated coaxially with driving shaft 131, section Top away from sensing chip 107 is provided with the stepping detector 108 for detecting 131 rotational travel of driving shaft, i.e. stepping detector 108 detection be conveying device 13 conveying stroke.The concrete operating principle of pitch sensing chip 107 and stepping detector 108 is such as Under: when stepping detector 108 detects that pitch sensing chip 107 rotates certain stroke, that is, detect crank shaft blank to feeding When the one feeding stroke of advance of end, feeding driving device 12 stops the driving to conveying device 13;So that feed mechanism 1 is automatic Change degree is higher, more convenient during producing and using.
It further explains, rotation of the pitch sensing chip 107 setting there are five induction point, between two induction points Stroke is identical, and when so that pitch sensing chip 107 moving a rotational travel, conveying device 13 just conveys two objects to flowing end Material 0, the productive temp of Crankshaft Machining production line is worked in coordination, so that production process is in good order.
It further explains, the stepping detector 108 is to penetrating optoelectronic switch.
It further explains, the surrounding of the pitch sensing chip 107 and the stepping detector 108 is covered with shield 109.First, it can protect pitch sensing chip 107 from the interference of dust, clast in workshop, guarantee pitch sensing chip 107 and master Moving axis 131 rotates coaxially;Second, it can protect stepping detector 108 from the interference of non-pitch sensing chip 107, guarantee step The accuracy detected into detector 108.
It further explains, first transportation manipulator 2 includes fixing seat and the first fixture, and first fixture passes through Connecting flange 110 is installed on the fixing seat;First fixture includes mounting plate 21, the first clamping device 22 and feeding device 23, first clamping device 22 is installed on any one plate face of the mounting plate 21, and first clamping device 22 is for pressing from both sides The material 0 is taken, the feeding device 23 is installed on another plate face of the mounting plate 21, and the feeding device 23 is used for object Material 0 is detached from from first process equipment 7;
The feeding device 23 includes feeding cylinder 231 and feeding sliding block 232, and the feeding sliding block 232 is by the feeding Cylinder 231 drives, and the feeding sliding block 232 opposite can be slidably mounted to the mounting plate 21,231 electricity of feeding cylinder It is connected with feeding inductor 233, the feeding inductor 233 is used to detect the stroke in place of the feeding cylinder 231.
In the design of general industrial robot, manipulator only has the function of clamping material 0, when material 0 is needed from adding When unloading on construction equipment, then the blanking of material 0 is realized by the displacement of manipulator.If the material 0 on process equipment In the case where not being timely released, manipulator just implements this movement of blanking to material 0, i.e. manipulator will with " brute-force " Material 0 unloads process equipment, and first, it will cause the damage of material 0, the high rejection rate of product;Second, it is easy to draw bad fixture, increase Add additional production cost, the maintenance of fixture needs the time, increases unnecessary time cost, reduces production efficiency.Especially In one embodiment, the first transportation manipulator 2 is carrying out drill centers as the blanking mechanical hand under drill centers process In process, the requirement in device for processing center hole 7 to crank shaft blank centralized positioning and clamping is very high, in device for processing center hole In the case that material 0 on 7 is not timely released, it is easier to damage material 0 occur or occur the case where drawing bad fixture.
Therefore, the damage of material and the drawing of fixture are bad in order to prevent, in the technical scheme, take as shown in fig. 6, being additionally arranged Expect device 23, feeding device 23 includes feeding cylinder 231 and feeding sliding block 232, and feeding sliding block 232 is driven by feeding cylinder 231, Feeding sliding block 232 opposite can be slidably mounted to mounting plate 21.When crank shaft blank needs are unloaded from process equipment, the first folder Tight device 22 first clamps crank shaft blank, and then feeding cylinder 231 drives feeding sliding block 232, and feeding sliding block 232 is to being away from One Slideslip of device for processing center hole 7, removes material 0, and then the material 0 removed is transferred to first again by the first manipulator 2 Make a connection in week mechanism 5.When there is the case where material 0 is not timely released, i.e. 23 feeding of feeding device is unsuccessful, feeding inductor 233 detect that defined stroke in place is not achieved in feeding cylinder 231, and the work of the first transportation manipulator 2 stops immediately, plays guarantor Protect the effect of the first fixture and material 0.
It further explains, the feeding inductor 233 is magnetic switch.
It further explains, is additionally provided with guided way 234 on the mounting plate 21, is offered on the feeding sliding block 232 With the matched guide groove of the guided way 234, the guided way 234 opposite sliding in the guide groove.Guarantee feeding sliding block 232 stationarities slided in reclaiming process effectively prevent material 0 to damage during feeding clamps because acutely shaking, Improve the safety of the first fixture.
It further explains, the two sides of the feeding device 23 are provided with feeding cushion 236.Feeding cushion 236 is used In sliding of the buffering feeding sliding block 232 in guided way 234, it effectively prevent material 0 during feeding clamps because acutely shaking It moves and damages, be conducive to improve finished product rate.
It further explains, first clamping device 22 includes clamping cylinder 221, the first clamping jaw 222 and the second clamping jaw 223, first clamping jaw 222 and second clamping jaw 223 are slidably mounted on the clamping cylinder 221, and by described Clamping cylinder 221 drives, and first clamping jaw 222 and second clamping jaw 223 pass through opposite sliding and realize to the material 0 It clamps;Positioning insert 201 is provided on first clamping jaw 222, there are two the settings of positioning insert 201, two positioning Insert 201 is for the positioning to the material 0;It is provided on second clamping jaw 223 and clamps insert 202, the clamping insert 202 for the clamping to the material 0.When the first clamping jaw 222 and the second clamping jaw 223 are worked in coordination to clamp material 0, material 0 elder generation positions in two positioning inserts 201 on the first clamping jaw 222, and then the second clamping jaw 223 slides, and clamps insert 202 to calmly Position insert 201 is close, so that material 0 is clamped, the cooperation of two positioning inserts 201 and a clamping insert 202 is to 0 shape of material At three anchor points, so that the first clamping device 22 preferably clamps material 0.
It further explains, the clamping cylinder 221 is additionally provided with inductor 203, and the inductor 203 is for detecting gas The stroke in place of cylinder and the maximum of two clamping jaws open stroke, whether in place and whether clamping jaw gets material to can reach detection cylinder Purpose, further enhance the degree of automation of Crankshaft Machining production line.The inductor 203 is magnetic switch.
It further explains, is recessed inwardly in the positioning insert 201 with the contact surface of the material 0, the clamping edge Contact surface in block 202 with the material 0 outwardly protrudes.Since it is desired that the surface irregularity of the crank shaft blank of processing, Smooth contact surface is easy to slide crank shaft blank from the first clamping jaw 222 and the second clamping jaw 223, positioning insert 201 and object The contact surface of material 0 is recessed inwardly, and clamps in insert 202 and outwardly protrudes with the contact surface of material 0, increases between contact surface Frictional force, crank shaft blank difficultly slips off, so that the first clamping device 22 can preferably clamp crank shaft blank.
It further explains, there are four the settings of the first clamping device 22, wherein two first clamping devices 22 are used In to 7 feeding of the first process equipment, it is installed on any side of the mounting plate 21;Other two first clamping device 22 for being installed on the other side of the mounting plate 21 from 7 blanking of the first process equipment;First transportation manipulator 2 difference Equipped with the fixture for material 0 feeding and blanking, productive temp is advantageously reduced, when making full use of the waiting when processing of material 0 Between, the first transportation manipulator 2 is completed from the 1 to the first process equipment of feed mechanism 7, then on 5 three stations of the first epicyclical mechanism It is continuous, circulation transformation, be conducive to further increase production efficiency.
It further explains, first clamping device 22 of the two of any side of the mounting plate 21 is provided with elasticity Connector 224, the flexible connector 224 connect first clamping jaw 222 and second clamping jaw 223, first clamping jaw 222 and second clamping jaw 223 when not driven by the clamping cylinder 221, first clamping jaw 222 and second clamping jaw 223 can still clamp the material 0, and the material 0 opposite in first clamping jaw 222 and second clamping jaw 223 can move It is dynamic.Higher to the positioning requirements of material 0 in the first process equipment 7 in feeding process, the first rotation manipulator 2 is first from feeding Mechanism 1 clamps material 0, and when being transplanted on the first process equipment 7, clamping cylinder 221 loses heart, the first clamping jaw 222 and the second clamping jaw 223 are not driven by clamping cylinder 221, but because of the setting of flexible connector 224, so that the first clamping jaw 222 and the second clamping jaw 223 There are still certain clamping forces to clamp material 0, and material 0 can relatively move in the first clamping jaw 222 and the second clamping jaw 223; In position fixing process, the first clamping device 22 along material 0 axial movement so that material 0 supports in face and the first process equipment 7 After the side fitting of mold detent, the first clamping device 22 is continued to move to, until material 0 is from the first clamping jaw 222 and the second clamping jaw It is detached from 223, to achieve the effect that accurate positioning.
It further explains, the flexible connector 224 is spring.
It further explains, second transportation manipulator 3 includes fixing seat and the second fixture, and second fixture passes through Connecting flange 110 is installed on the fixing seat;Second fixture includes the second clamping device 31 and limiting device 32, and described the Two clamping devices 31 are installed on the limiting device 32, and second clamping device 31 moves in the limiting device 32;
The bottom of second clamping device 31 is provided with sensing chip in place, and the limiting device 32 is provided with to be incuded in place Device 321, whether in place the inductor in place 321 for detecting second clamping device 31.
In the design of general industrial robot, manipulator only has the function of clamping material 0, wants in some machining accuracies It asks in higher production line, when the needs of material 0 are processed by mechanical hand feed process equipment, technical staff can not learn object Whether material 0 has been accurately positioned to process equipment.If the case where the material 0 on process equipment is not by accurate positioning Under, process equipment still processes material 0, it is clear that, the product that processes simultaneously does not meet production requirement, ultimately causes The rejection rate of product is high.
Therefore, in order to which the rejection rate of Crankshaft Machining production line is effectively reduced, as shown in fig. 7, in the technical scheme, adding Limiting device 32;Second fixture includes the second clamping device 31 and limiting device 32, and the second clamping device 31 can be filled in limit It sets in 32 and moves;Second clamping device 31 is provided with sensing chip in place, and limiting device 32 is provided with inductor 321 in place, in place Inductor 321 for detect the second clamping device 31 whether by 0 feeding of material in place to the second process equipment 8;
Second transportation manipulator 3 is as follows by the specific work process of 0 feeding of material to the second equipment of main shaft 8: firstly, second Material 0 is transferred to the second process equipment 8 from the first epicyclical mechanism 5 by transportation manipulator 3;Then the second process equipment 8 is to material 0 It is positioned, when inductor 321 still detects the sensing chip in place on the second clamping device 31 in place, illustrates that material 0 does not have Energy accurate positioning, while also illustrating that the product for conveying to come from a upper procedure is bad, at this moment the second transportation manipulator 3 stops feeding Movement;When inductor 321 can't detect the sensing chip in place on the second clamping device 31 in place, illustrate that material 0 adds second Accurate positioning in construction equipment 8 carries out the processing of the second step.The setting of limiting device 32 so that Crankshaft Machining production line from Dynamicization degree improves, and advantageously reduces product rejection rate.
It further explains, the inductor in place 321 is close to switch.
It further explains, further includes return springs 325,325 phase of return springs is butted on the limiting device 32 and second clamping device 31, so that second clamping device 31 is moved reciprocatingly in the limiting device 32.Work as object Expect 0 accurate positioning, i.e., when inductor 321 can't detect the sensing chip in place on the second clamping device 31 in place, second clamps dress Set clamping of 31 releases to material 0, at this point, the second clamping device 31 also under the action of return springs 325, move to it is initial Position facilitates the detection in place of the second transportation manipulator 3 feeding next time.
It further explains, the return springs 325 are spring.
It further explains, further includes resetting cushion 326, the reset cushion 326 is mounted on the limiting device In 32, when moving to initial position under the action of the second clamping device 31 is in return springs 325, cushion 326 is resetted Setting can effectively slow down brought impact force in reseting procedure, be conducive to protect the second fixture.
It further explaining, second clamping device 31 is identical with the structure of first clamping device 22, and described the There are two the settings of two clamping devices 31, wherein second clamping device 32 is used for 8 feeding of the second process equipment;Separately Outer second clamping device 31 is used for from 8 blanking of the second process equipment.Second transportation manipulator 3 is respectively provided with The fixture of material 0 feeding and blanking, advantageously reduces productive temp, waiting time when material 0 being made full use of to process, and second turn Transport manipulator 3 complete from the first epicyclical mechanism to the second process equipment 8, then on 6 three stations of the second epicyclical mechanism it is continuous, Circulation transformation, is conducive to further increase production efficiency.
It further explains, the third transportation manipulator 4 includes fixing seat and third fixture, and the third fixture passes through Connecting flange 110 is installed on the fixing seat;
The third fixture includes dibit clamping device 42, and the dibit clamping device 42 in two clamping positions for pressing from both sides The tight material 0, the dibit clamping device 42 include a clamping component 421, slide assemblies 422 and secondary clamping component 423, a clamping component 421 and the slide assemblies 422 are installed on cylinder mounting base 41, the secondary clamping component 423 are installed on the slide assemblies 422, and a clamping component 421 and the secondary clamping component 423 are respectively to the object Material 0 forms two clamping positions.
General fixture design in, fixture only have clamping action to material 0 in one position, when material 0 need by When mechanical hand feed process equipment is processed, the mobile of manipulator can bring very violent shaking to material 0, if manipulator On fixture only have clamping action in one position to material 0, it is although unobvious in the shaking of this clamping position, but pass When being delivered in the other positions of material 0, shaking can be amplified several times even tens times, eventually lead to material 0 and be sent to processing and set Standby error is also just put several times greater or even tens times, is absolutely not fair in this production line more demanding for setting accuracy on work Perhaps.
Therefore, in order to adapt to the higher process equipment of setting accuracy on work, clamping of the fixture to material 0 is effectively ensured, originally Technical solution proposes fixture of a kind of pair of material 0 there are two clamping position, and as illustrated in figs. 8-9, third fixture includes dibit folder Tight device 42, dibit clamping device 42 are used to clamp material 0 in two clamping positions, and dibit clamping device 42 includes primary clamps Component 421, slide assemblies 422 and secondary clamping component 423, a clamping component 421 and secondary clamping component 423 are respectively to object Material 0 forms two clamping positions;
When third rotation manipulator 4 clamps material 0 from the second epicyclical mechanism 6, a clamping component 421 is to material first 0 one end is once clamped, and the secondary clamping component 423 being then on slide assemblies 422 is sliding to the other end of material 0 It is dynamic, secondary clamping is carried out to material 0;Dibit clamping device 42 realizes the clamping to material 0 on two positions, can effectively drop The movement of low third transportation manipulator 4 is shaken to caused by material 0, so that 0 effective position of material is in third process equipment 9, it is sliding The setting of dynamic component 422, so that the combination of a clamping component 421 and secondary clamping component 423 is more compact, structure more adduction Reason.
It further explains, the slide assemblies 422 include cylinder and erecting bed, and the erecting bed is installed on the gas Cylinder, and the erecting bed is driven by the cylinder, the secondary clamping component 423 is fixedly installed in the erecting bed, the peace The sliding for filling platform drives the sliding of the secondary clamping component 423, simple and compact for structure, stable and reliable for performance.
It further explains, 41 side of cylinder mounting base is extended with drive rod mounting base 411, the primary clamping group Drive rod 424 is provided in part 421, the drive rod 424 is slidably mounted on the drive rod mounting base 411;The biography The top of lever mounting base 411 is provided with limit inductor 425, and the end of the drive rod 424 is provided with limit sensor strip, institute Limit inductor 425 is stated for whether in place to detect the limit sensor strip.Positioning when third process equipment 9 is to Crankshaft Machining Required precision is higher, if process equipment is still to material in the case where the material 0 on process equipment is not by accurate positioning 0 is processed, it is clear that, the product that processes simultaneously does not meet production requirement, and the rejection rate for ultimately causing product is high.When one When secondary clamping component 421 clamps material 0, the movement relative to a clamping component 421 will not occur for drive rod 424, at this point, limit Position inductor 425 can't detect the limit sensor strip positioned at 424 end of drive rod, illustrate that material 0 is not sent to countershaft processing and sets Standby 9;If the movement relative to a clamping component 421 occurs for drive rod 424, and limit inductor 425 detects and is located at transmission The limit sensor strip of 424 end of bar then illustrates that another shaft end of material 0 has been sent to countershaft process equipment 9, and has been accurately positioned Positioning mold in countershaft process equipment 9 advantageously reduces product so that the degree of automation of Crankshaft Machining production line improves Rejection rate.
It further explains, is arranged with positioning elastic part, the end of the positioning elastic part around the drive rod 424 It is mutually butted on the drive rod mounting base 411, the positioning elastic part is used to the material 0 being positioned at the third process equipment 9.It is arranged with positioning elastic part around drive rod 424, is conducive to further positioning of the material 0 in third process equipment 9;When When the shaft end of material 0 is positioned at countershaft process equipment 9, another shaft end of material 0 is made to push drive rod 424, while compression set Elastic component, until the positioning of material 0 is completed when limit inductor 425 is detected positioned at the limit sensor strip of 424 end of drive rod; And then, a clamping component 421 is lost heart, and unclamps the clamping to material 0, pressure conversion Cheng Ding of the material 0 to positioning elastic part Position elastic component pushes material 0 to positioning mold in countershaft process equipment 9 to the thrust of material 0, so that the end face of material 0 It is bonded with positioning mold, the process for carrying out the processing of vehicle countershaft.
It further explains, the positioning elastic part is spring.
It further explains, the third fixture further includes third clamping device 43, and 43 He of third clamping device The structure of clamping component 421 is identical.Third fixture further includes third clamping device 43,9 pairs of songs of third process equipment The positioning accuracy request of axis feeding is high, therefore regard dibit clamping device 42 as upper material clamp, to the positioning accuracy of crankshaft blanking It is required that it is low, therefore it regard third clamping device 43 as blanking clamp;Third transportation manipulator 4 is respectively provided with 0 feeding of material With the fixture of blanking, productive temp is advantageously reduced, waiting time when material 0 being made full use of to process, third transportation manipulator 4 It completes from the second epicyclical mechanism 6 to third process equipment 9, then to continuous, the circulation transformation on 10 3 stations of cutting agency, has Conducive to further increasing production efficiency.
It further explains, a clamping component includes a clamping cylinder, the first folder and the second folder, described First folder and second folder are slidably mounted on a clamping cylinder, and are driven by a clamping cylinder Dynamic, first folder and second folder pass through clamping of the opposite sliding realization to the material;First folder 405 On be provided with locating piece, there are two the locating piece settings, and two locating pieces are for the positioning to the material 0;Described Gripping block is provided on two folders, the gripping block 408 is for the clamping to the material 0.When the first folder and the second folder When working in coordination to clamp material, positioned in first two locating pieces on the first folder of material, then the second folder slides, folder Tight block is close to locating piece, so that material is clamped, the cooperation of two locating pieces and a gripping block forms three to material Anchor point a, so that clamping component 421 preferably clamps material.
It further explains, a clamping cylinder 404 is additionally provided with inductor, and the inductor is for detecting cylinder Stroke in place and the maximum of two clamping jaws open stroke, whether in place and whether clamping jaw gets material can reach detection cylinder Purpose further enhances the degree of automation of Crankshaft Machining production line.The inductor is magnetic switch.
It further explains, the secondary clamping component 423 includes secondary clamping cylinder 401, clamping plate 402 and fixture block 403; There are two the settings of clamping plate 402, and two clamping plates 402 are rotatably installed on the secondary clamping cylinder 401, and the folder The rotation of plate 402 is driven by the secondary clamping cylinder 401, and the opposite face of two clamping plates 402 is provided with the fixture block 403, One fixture block 403 is installed, two fixture blocks 403 are for clamping the material 0 on one clamping plate 402.
Secondary clamping component 423 includes secondary clamping cylinder 401, clamping plate 402 and fixture block 403, and two clamping plates 402 are rotationally It is installed on secondary clamping cylinder 401, clamping plate 402 is rotation clamping mode, so that the structure of secondary clamping component 423 is more stepped up It gathers.
It further explains, the secondary clamping cylinder 401 is additionally provided with inductor 203, and the inductor 203 is for examining It surveys the stroke in place of cylinder and the maximum of two clamping jaws opens stroke, whether in place and whether clamping jaw takes to can reach detection cylinder To the purpose of material, the degree of automation of Crankshaft Machining production line is further enhanced.The inductor 203 is magnetic switch.
It further explaining, clamping plate 402 is L-type structure, it is compact-sized, it can effectively avoid lathe in countershaft process equipment 9 Interference of the cutter to upper material clamp.
It further explains, the section of the contact surface of fixture block 403 and material 0 is semicircle, and the cooperation of two fixture blocks 403 can be complete Material 0 is held in orientation tightly, effectively prevent the shaking of material 0, reduces position error.
It further explains, first epicyclical mechanism 5 is identical with the structure of second epicyclical mechanism 6;Described first Epicyclical mechanism 5 includes rack 51, driving device 52 and transmission device 53;52 He of driving device is installed in the rack 51 The transmission device 53, the transmission device 53 is for conveying the material 0;
The transmission device 53 includes support rod 531, transmission rail 532 and transmission seat 533, and the setting of support rod 531 exists The top of the support rod 531 is arranged in the both ends of the rack 51, the transmission rail 532, and the transmission seat 533 is reciprocally transported It is installed on the transmission rail 532 dynamicly, the reciprocating motion of the transmission seat 533 is driven by the driving device 52;The transmission Device 53 further includes positioning mold 534, and the positioning mold 534 is removably mounted on the transmission seat 533.
As shown in figs. 10-11, the first epicyclical mechanism 5 includes rack 51, driving device 52 and transmission device 53;Transmission dress Setting 53 includes that support rod 531, transmission rail 532 and transmission seat 533, support rod 531 are arranged in the both ends of rack 51, and first, it plays The effect of support transmission rail 532, so that transmission seat 533 has enough spaces to move reciprocatingly on transmission rail 532;Second, it rises The effect that range is transmitted to limitation transmission seat 533, can prevent transmission seat 533 to be detached from transmit process in transmission rail 532, favorably In the reliable of guarantee 5 performance of the first epicyclical mechanism, and structure is simple, facilitates operation.
It further explains, the driving device 52 is motor, and the motor can realize the rotation of forward and reverse.
Transmission device 53 further includes positioning mold 534, and positioning mold 534 is removably mounted on transmission seat 533, according to The difference of the size and number of the material 0 conveyed required for first epicyclical mechanism 5, can be by the positioning mold of applicable different size 534 are installed on transmission seat 533, the compatibility of epicyclical mechanism are improved, so that epicyclical mechanism is adaptable to different Crankshaft Machining products Production line.
It further explaining, the positioning mold 534 can be removably installed in the transmission seat 533 by fastener, The fastener can be screw.
It further explains, the both ends of the transmission rail 532 are additionally provided with positioning inductor 501, the transmission seat 533 Side is provided with location sensing chip 502, and whether in place the positioning inductor 501 for detecting the location sensing chip 502, institute It states positioning inductor 501 and is electrically connected to the driving device 52.
The both ends of transmission rail 532 are provided with positioning inductor 501, and the side of transmission seat 533 is provided with location sensing chip 502, whether in place positioning inductor 501 for detecting location sensing chip 502;When material 0 is transmitted to transmission rail by transmission seat 533 532 one end, when the positioning inductor 501 positioned at transmission 532 this one end of rail detects location sensing chip 502 in place, driving dress It sets 52 to rotate backward, the other end for transmitting seat 533 toward transmission rail 532 is conveyed, is so recycled, play the role of transporting material 0.
It further explains, the positioning inductor 501 is optoelectronic switch.
It further explaining, the transmission seat 533 includes mold mounting plate 504, U-shaped transfer plate 505 and connecting plate 506, The U-shaped transfer plate 505 is provided with two pieces, and the two U-shaped transfer plates 505 are symmetrically mounted at the mold mounting plate 504 Both ends, the connecting plate 506 connect the end of the two U-shaped transfer plates 505;
The mold mounting plate 504, the two U-shaped transfer plate 505 and the connecting plate 506 surround U-shaped transmission cavity, described Transmission rail 532 is arranged in the U-shaped transmission cavity, and the transmission seat 533 is made reciprocally to be installed on the transmission rail 532.U The setting of shape transmission cavity makes to transmit movement of the seat 533 on transmission rail 532, can keep in the horizontal and vertical directions Steadily, it prevents from transmitting the disengaging transmission rail 532 of seat 533, is conducive to steady during keeping transmission device 53 to convey material 0, guarantor Demonstrate,prove the reliable and stable of 5 performance of the first epicyclical mechanism.
It further explains, the transmission device 53 is provided with two groups, and the two transmission seats 533 do interlaced reciprocal Movement.Be conducive to production line and accelerate productive temp, improves production efficiency.
The technical principle of the invention is described above in combination with a specific embodiment.These descriptions are intended merely to explain of the invention Principle, and shall not be construed in any way as a limitation of the scope of protection of the invention.Based on the explanation herein, the technology of this field Personnel can associate with other specific embodiments of the invention without creative labor, these modes are fallen within Within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of Crankshaft Machining production line, it is characterised in that: including feed mechanism, the first process equipment, the first epicyclical mechanism, Two process equipments, the second epicyclical mechanism, third process equipment and cutting agency;It further include the first transportation manipulator, the second transhipment Manipulator and third transportation manipulator, first transportation manipulator, second transportation manipulator and the third conveyance Tool hand is electrically connected to controller, and first transportation manipulator, second transportation manipulator and third transhipment are mechanical Hand is driven by the controller, and completes corresponding transport process;
The position of the feed mechanism, first process equipment and first epicyclical mechanism is located at first transhipment The clamping zone of manipulator, first transportation manipulator are used to add the material transfer on the feed mechanism to described first Construction equipment, and be used for the material transfer on first process equipment to first epicyclical mechanism;
The position of first epicyclical mechanism, second process equipment and second epicyclical mechanism is located at described second The clamping zone of transportation manipulator, second transportation manipulator are used for the material transfer on first epicyclical mechanism to institute The second process equipment is stated, and is used for the material transfer on second process equipment to second epicyclical mechanism;
The position of second epicyclical mechanism, the third process equipment and the cutting agency is located at the third transhipment The clamping zone of manipulator, the third transportation manipulator are used for the material transfer on second epicyclical mechanism to described the Three process equipments, and be used for the material transfer on the third process equipment to the cutting agency.
2. a kind of Crankshaft Machining production line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the feed mechanism include chassis, Feeding driving device, conveying device and lifting device;The conveying device is mounted on the top of the chassis, the conveying device For the material to be delivered to the flowing end of the feed mechanism, and the conveying device is driven by the feeding driving device Dynamic, the lifting device is mounted between the conveying device, and is located at the flowing end of the feed mechanism, the lifting device For jacking up the material;
It further include positioning device, the positioning device is mounted on any side of the lifting device, and the positioning device is used for The material is positioned at the lifting device.
3. a kind of Crankshaft Machining production line according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the conveying device includes actively Axis, driven shaft and transmission chain;The transmission chain is set around the outside of the driving shaft and the driven shaft, and the driving shaft is by institute Feeding driving device driving is stated, and the rotation of the driven shaft can be driven when driving shaft rotation by the transmission chain;
It further include adjusting component, the tightness for adjusting component and being used to adjust the transmission chain;The chassis it is any one End offers regulating tank, and the driven shaft, which passes through the regulating tank, can be adjustably mounted to the chassis, the adjusting component packet Secured adjusted block, movable regulating plate and regulating part are included, the movable regulating plate is installed on one end of the driven shaft, the adjusting Part is arranged in the secured adjusted block, and the end of the regulating part is bonded with the movable regulating plate, and the regulating part is used for The displacement of the movable regulating plate is adjusted, the displacement of the movable regulating plate drives shifting of the driven shaft in the regulating tank Dynamic, the position of the driven shaft adjusts the tightness for adjusting the transmission chain.
4. a kind of Crankshaft Machining production line according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the driving shaft or the driven shaft Any one shaft end be provided with pitch sensing chip, the pitch sensing chip and the driving shaft rotate coaxially, pitch induction Stepping detector is provided with above piece, the stepping detector is used to detect the rotational travel of the driving shaft, the stepping Detector is electrically connected to the feeding driving device.
5. a kind of Crankshaft Machining production line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: first transportation manipulator includes Fixing seat and the first fixture, first fixture are installed on the fixing seat by connecting flange;First fixture includes peace Loading board, the first clamping device and feeding device, first clamping device is installed on any one plate face of the mounting plate, described For first clamping device for clamping the material, the feeding device is installed on another plate face of the mounting plate, the feeding Device is for material to be detached from from first process equipment;
The feeding device includes feeding cylinder and feeding sliding block, and the feeding sliding block is driven by the feeding cylinder, and described Feeding sliding block opposite can be slidably mounted to the mounting plate, and the feeding cylinder is electrically connected with feeding inductor, the feeding Inductor is used to detect the stroke in place of the feeding cylinder.
6. a kind of Crankshaft Machining production line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: second transportation manipulator includes Fixing seat and the second fixture, second fixture are installed on the fixing seat by connecting flange;Second fixture includes the Two clamping devices and limiting device, second clamping device is installed on the limiting device, and second clamping device exists It is moved in the limiting device;
The bottom of second clamping device is provided with sensing chip in place, and the limiting device is provided with inductor in place, described Whether in place inductor for detecting second clamping device in place.
7. a kind of Crankshaft Machining production line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the third transportation manipulator includes Fixing seat and third fixture, the third fixture are installed on the fixing seat by connecting flange;
The third fixture includes dibit clamping device, and the dibit clamping device is for clamping the object in two clamping positions Material, the dibit clamping device include a clamping component, slide assemblies and secondary clamping component, a clamping component and The slide assemblies are installed on cylinder mounting base, and the secondary clamping component is installed on the slide assemblies, the primary clamping Component and the secondary clamping component form two clamping positions to the material respectively.
8. a kind of Crankshaft Machining production line according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: the secondary clamping component includes two Secondary clamping cylinder, clamping plate and fixture block;There are two the clamping plate settings, and two clamping plates are rotatably installed on the secondary clamping Cylinder, and the rotation of the clamping plate is driven by the secondary clamping cylinder, the opposite face of two clamping plates is provided with the fixture block, One fixture block is installed, two fixture blocks are for clamping the material on one clamping plate.
9. a kind of Crankshaft Machining production line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: first epicyclical mechanism and described The structure of second epicyclical mechanism is identical;First epicyclical mechanism includes rack, driving device and transmission device;In the rack The driving device and the transmission device are installed, the transmission device is for conveying the material;
The transmission device includes support rod, transmission rail and transmission seat, and the both ends of the rack are arranged in the support rod, described The top of the support rod is arranged in transmission rail, and the transmission seat is reciprocally installed on the transmission rail, the transmission The reciprocating motion of seat is driven by the driving device;The transmission device further includes positioning mold, and the positioning mold is detachable Ground is mounted on the transmission seat.
10. a kind of Crankshaft Machining production line according to claim 9, it is characterised in that: the both ends of the transmission rail are also set It is equipped with positioning inductor, the side of the transmission seat is provided with location sensing chip, and the positioning inductor is described fixed for detecting In place whether, the positioning inductor is electrically connected to the driving device to position sensing chip.
CN201811626752.3A 2018-12-28 2018-12-28 A kind of Crankshaft Machining production line Pending CN109396868A (en)

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CN109396868A true CN109396868A (en) 2019-03-01

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113086618A (en) * 2021-04-02 2021-07-09 力鼎智能装备(青岛)集团有限公司 Trailer axle automatic processing welding system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113086618A (en) * 2021-04-02 2021-07-09 力鼎智能装备(青岛)集团有限公司 Trailer axle automatic processing welding system

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