CN109168651A - A kind of grain separator - Google Patents

A kind of grain separator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109168651A
CN109168651A CN201810975908.2A CN201810975908A CN109168651A CN 109168651 A CN109168651 A CN 109168651A CN 201810975908 A CN201810975908 A CN 201810975908A CN 109168651 A CN109168651 A CN 109168651A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cavity
casing
threshing
vibrator
rod
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810975908.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴丹阳
黄浩
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hefei Ji Min Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Hefei Ji Min Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hefei Ji Min Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Hefei Ji Min Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810975908.2A priority Critical patent/CN109168651A/en
Publication of CN109168651A publication Critical patent/CN109168651A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F12/00Parts or details of threshing apparatus
    • A01F12/44Grain cleaners; Grain separators
    • A01F12/446Sieving means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F12/00Parts or details of threshing apparatus
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F12/00Parts or details of threshing apparatus
    • A01F12/18Threshing devices
    • A01F12/187Vibratory threshing mechanisms

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of grain separators, including pedestal, taking mouth, vibrator, pointed tooth and casing, casing internal above the storage cavity is equipped with isolation board, the surface of isolation board is equipped with equidistant screen holes, the center position on the isolation board top is equipped with vibrator, casing internal above vibrator is equipped with filter screen, the center position of the threshing inside cavity is equipped with roller, the center of roller lateral wall is equipped with connecting rod, the center position of the cantilever tip is equipped with motor, the base top both ends of the casing side are all equipped with lower push-rod, the top of lower push-rod is all hinged with upper push-rod, the casing top of the feed inlet side is equipped with alarm device, casing surface at the threshing cavity position is equipped with transparent windows.The present invention not only increases Threshing when thresing machine uses, and improves functionality when thresing machine uses, it is thus also avoided that the fragmentation of cereal when thresing machine uses.

Description

A kind of grain separator
Technical field
The present invention relates to thresing machine technical field, specially a kind of grain separator.
Background technique
Thresing machine is harvesting machinery, refers to the machinery for separating crop kernels with stalk, refers mainly to cereal crops Harvest machinery, according to the difference for making grain object, thresing machine type is different, and such as " rice thresher " is suitable for rice threshing;It is de- for corn Grain is known as " maize sheller " etc., and rice thresher is commonly called as " threshing machine ", mechanical for most common rice threshing, needs rice first After harvesting, rice grain is separated with stalk by this machinery, rice thresher is divided into two classes, and one kind drives by manpower, claims It is semi-mechanization tool for " manpower threshing machine ";Rice thresher is changed to power drive, then is known as " power rice thresher ", rice thresher Appearance greatly reduce the labor intensity of rice harvesting, while also improving agricultural productive force, traditional thresing machine is a variety of more Sample, it is functional more single, the simple demand of people can only be met, thresing machine can not be kept completely separate in threshing course, Its Threshing is limited, during grain transportation, generally require it is existing by grain threshing, and transported to specified fixed point, It is generally required such as the effect of threebing machinery is for corresponding transportation function, then the functionality of thresing machine certainly will be improved, thresing machine It is controlled, if effect is excessive, the phenomenon that will lead to cereal fragmentation generation, if threebing machinery is for corresponding monitoring function, then It is avoided that damage phenomenon of the cereal in threshing.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of grain separators, to solve the problems mentioned in the above background technology.
To achieve the above object, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a kind of grain separator, including pedestal, taking mouth, Vibrator, pointed tooth and casing, the center position on the pedestal top are equipped with casing, and the side of bottom of shell is equipped with storage chamber Body, the casing internal stored above cavity are equipped with isolation board, and the surface of isolation board is equipped with equidistant screen holes, and screens The bottom end in hole extends to the inside of storage cavity, and the center position on the isolation board top is equipped with vibrator, vibrator top Casing internal be equipped with filter screen, and the bottom end of filter screen is fixedly connected with the output end of vibrator, above the filter screen Casing internal is equipped with threshing cavity, and the center position of threshing inside cavity is equipped with roller, the centre bit of the roller lateral wall It sets and connecting rod is installed, the cabinet top of threshing cavity side is equipped with power cavity, and the bottom of power cavity is equipped with bracket, The center position of the cantilever tip is equipped with motor, and the output end of motor is equipped with shaft by shaft coupling, and shaft is separate One end of motor is fixedly connected with connecting rod far from one end of roller, and the casing internal below the power cavity is equipped with reclaiming chamber Body, recycling cavity top are equipped with waste residue inlet port, and the one of the separate recycling cavity of waste residue inlet port close to the side of threshing cavity End extends to the inside of threshing cavity, and the base top both ends of the casing side are all equipped with lower push-rod, and the top of lower push-rod is all Be hinged with upper push-rod, and the top of adjacent upper push-rod is welded with cross bar, the casing top at the threshing cavity position be equipped with into Material mouth, and the bottom end of feed inlet extends to the inside of threshing cavity, the casing top of the feed inlet side is equipped with alarm device, institute It states the casing surface at threshing cavity position and is equipped with transparent windows, the casing surface below transparent windows is equipped with control plane Plate, and control panel inside single-chip microcontroller output end respectively with the input terminal of vibrator, the input terminal of alarm device and motor Input terminal is electrically connected;Universal wheel is all equipped at the corner location of the pedestal bottom end;The roller is far from connecting rod side Outer wall is equipped with inductor, and the input terminal of single-chip microcontroller is electrically connected inside the output end of inductor and control panel.
Preferably, the roller is equipped with air blower far from the threshing cavity bottom of connecting rod side, and air blower is defeated The output end for entering single-chip microcontroller inside end and control panel is electrically connected.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are: the grain separator passes through the casing above storage cavity Inside sets isolation board, and isolation plate surface sets equidistant screen holes, into object hole top dead center position at set vibrator, on vibrator Square casing internal sets filter screen, realizes multi-faceted threshing of the thresing machine to cereal, to improve de- when thresing machine uses Grain effect, by setting push rod, hinged upper push-rod at the top of lower push-rod, the welding of upper push-rod top at casing side base top both ends Cross bar, pedestal bottom comer set universal wheel at position, realize the transportation function of thresing machine, thus when improving thresing machine use Functionality, while by setting alarm device on feed inlet side casing top, casing surface sets transparent sight at threshing cavity position Window is examined, roller realizes the rate monitoring function of thresing machine far from inductor is set on the outer wall of connecting rod side, so as to avoid de- The fragmentation of cereal when grain machine uses, the present invention not only increase Threshing when thresing machine uses, and improve thresing machine use When functionality, it is thus also avoided that thresing machine use when cereal fragmentation.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is schematic view of the front view of the invention;
Fig. 2 is external structure schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 3 is side structure schematic view of the invention;
Fig. 4 is partial enlargement structural representation of the invention.
In figure: 1, pedestal;2, taking mouth;3, vibrator;4, air blower;5, inductor;6, threshing cavity;7, roller;8, Pointed tooth;9, feed inlet;10, connecting rod;11, shaft;12, alarm device;13, power cavity;14, neonychium;15, motor;16, it props up Frame;17, upper push-rod;18, lower push-rod;19, cavity is recycled;20, filter screen;21, cavity is stored;22, isolation board;23, screen holes; 24, universal wheel;25, casing;26, control panel;27, transparent windows;28, cross bar.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Please refer to Fig. 1-4, a kind of embodiment provided by the invention: a kind of grain separator, including pedestal 1, taking mouth 2, Vibrator 3, pointed tooth 8 and casing 25, the center position on 1 top of pedestal are equipped with casing 25, and the side of 25 bottom of casing, which is equipped with, deposits Cavity 21 is put, storage cavity 21 is equipped with taking mouth 2, and the one of taking mouth 2 far from 25 outer wall of casing of recycling 19 side of cavity The inside that end extends to storage cavity 21 is all equipped with universal wheel 24 at the corner location of 1 bottom end of pedestal convenient for the taking-up of cereal, Convenient for the movement of equipment, stores and be equipped with isolation board 22 inside the casing 25 of 21 top of cavity, between the surface of isolation board 22 is equipped with waiting Away from screen holes 23, and the bottom end of screen holes 23 extend to storage cavity 21 inside, the center position on 22 top of isolation board Equipped with vibrator 3, which can be J31Z, be equipped with filter screen 20 inside the casing 25 of 3 top of vibrator, and filter The bottom end of net 20 is fixedly connected with the output end of vibrator 3, is equipped with threshing cavity 6 inside the casing 25 of 20 top of filter screen, is taken off Center position inside grain cavity 6 is equipped with roller 7, and roller 7 is equipped with inductor 5 far from the outer wall of 10 side of connecting rod, should 5 model of inductor can be HG-C1050, and the output end of inductor 5 and the input terminal of 26 inside single-chip microcontroller of control panel electrically connect It connects, is monitored convenient for the rate of equipment, the surface of roller 7 is equipped with equidistant pointed tooth 8, improves the Threshing of equipment, roller 7 6 bottom of threshing cavity far from 10 side of connecting rod is equipped with air blower 4, which can be BX-472, and air blower 4 Input terminal and 26 inside single-chip microcontroller of control panel output end be electrically connected, convenient for grain hulls be blown into recycling cavity 19 in Portion, the center of 7 lateral wall of roller are equipped with connecting rod 10, are equipped with power cavity at the top of the casing 25 of 6 side of threshing cavity 13, the bottom of power cavity 13 is equipped with bracket 16, and the center position on 16 top of bracket is equipped with motor 15, which can Output end for Y112M-2, motor 15 is equipped with shaft 11, and shaft 11 one end and connection far from motor 15 by shaft coupling Bar 10 is fixedly connected far from one end of roller 7, is equipped with recycling cavity 19 inside the casing 25 of 13 lower section of power cavity, is recycled cavity 19 tops are equipped with waste residue inlet port close to the side of threshing cavity 6, and waste residue inlet port extends far from one end of recycling cavity 19 To the inside of threshing cavity 6, the 1 top both ends of pedestal of 25 side of casing are all equipped with lower push-rod 18, and the top of lower push-rod 18 is all cut with scissors It is connected to upper push-rod 17, and the top of adjacent upper push-rod 17 is welded with cross bar 28, the center position on 28 surface of cross bar is wound with guarantor Protection pad 14, the protection of hand when being readily transported cereal, 25 top of casing at 6 position of threshing cavity is equipped with feed inlet 9, and feeds The bottom end of mouth 9 extends to the inside of threshing cavity 6, and 25 top of casing of 9 side of feed inlet is equipped with alarm device 12, the alarm device 12 Model can be FU-JS001, and 25 surface of casing at 6 position of threshing cavity is equipped with transparent windows 27,27 lower section of transparent windows 25 surface of casing be equipped with control panel 26, and the output end input with vibrator 3 respectively of 26 inside single-chip microcontroller of control panel The input terminal at end, the input terminal of alarm device 12 and motor 15 is electrically connected.
Working principle: when thresing machine in use, passing through the control on 27 lower section casing of operation transparent observation window, 25 surface first Panel 26 opens the vibrator 3 at 22 top dead center position of isolation board, vibrates to the cereal after threshing, while operating control Panel 26 opens air blower 4 of the roller 7 far from 10 side threshing cavity of connecting rod, 6 bottom, makes it that grain hulls are blown to power In recycling cavity 19 inside 13 lower section casing 25 of cavity, cereal can be by the filter screen 20 inside 3 top casing 25 of vibrator It is stored again by the screen holes 23 on 22 surface of isolation board into the storage cavity 21 of 25 bottom side of casing, since 1 bottom end of pedestal is turned The universal wheel 24 of angular position exists, and is pushing thresing machine by the cross bar 28 on 17 top of upper push-rod, while in 28 surface of cross bar Neonychium 14 at heart position plays a protective role to hand, completes the transport of cereal, finally by roller 7 far from connecting rod 10 Inductor 5 on the outer wall of side carries out real-time monitoring to the rate of thresing machine, and if rate is too fast, control panel 26 can be to feed inlet The alarm device 12 on 9 side casing, 25 top issues instruction, to sound an alarm prompting, the personnel of working at the same time can be by threshing cavity 6 The transparent windows 27 on 25 surface of casing are observed in outside at position, to complete the use of thresing machine.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that invention is not limited to the details of the above exemplary embodiments, Er Qie In the case where without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, the present embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, and the scope of the present invention is by appended power Benefit requires rather than above description limits, it is intended that all by what is fallen within the meaning and scope of the equivalent elements of the claims Variation is included within the present invention.Any reference signs in the claims should not be construed as limiting the involved claims.

Claims (2)

1. a kind of grain separator, including pedestal, taking mouth, vibrator, pointed tooth and casing, it is characterised in that: the pedestal top The center position at end is equipped with casing, and the side of bottom of shell is equipped with storage cavity, the casing internal above the storage cavity Equipped with isolation board, the surface of isolation board is equipped with equidistant screen holes, and the bottom end of screen holes extends to the inside of storage cavity, The center position on the isolation board top is equipped with vibrator, and the casing internal above vibrator is equipped with filter screen, and filter screen Bottom end be fixedly connected with the output end of vibrator, the casing internal above the filter screen be equipped with threshing cavity, threshing cavity Internal center position is equipped with roller, and the center of the roller lateral wall is equipped with connecting rod, the threshing cavity one The cabinet top of side is equipped with power cavity, and the bottom of power cavity is equipped with bracket, and the center position of the cantilever tip is equipped with The output end of motor, motor is equipped with shaft by shaft coupling, and shaft one end and connecting rod far from motor are far from roller One end is fixedly connected, and the casing internal below the power cavity is equipped with recycling cavity, close threshing cavity at the top of recycling cavity Side be equipped with waste residue inlet port, and waste residue inlet port extends to the inside of threshing cavity far from one end of recycling cavity, described The base top both ends of casing side are all equipped with lower push-rod, and the top of lower push-rod is all hinged with upper push-rod, and adjacent upper push-rod Top is welded with cross bar, the casing top at the threshing cavity position be equipped with feed inlet, and the bottom end of feed inlet extend to it is de- The inside of grain cavity, the casing top of the feed inlet side are equipped with alarm device, the casing surface at the threshing cavity position Equipped with transparent windows, the casing surface below transparent windows is equipped with control panel, and control panel inside single-chip microcontroller is defeated Outlet is electrically connected with the input terminal of the input terminal of vibrator, the input terminal of alarm device and motor respectively;The pedestal bottom end Corner location at be all equipped with universal wheel;The roller is equipped with inductor, and inductor far from the outer wall of connecting rod side The input terminal of single-chip microcontroller is electrically connected inside output end and control panel.
2. a kind of grain separator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the roller is far from the de- of connecting rod side Grain cavity bottom is equipped with air blower, and the output end of single-chip microcontroller is electrically connected inside the input terminal of air blower and control panel.
CN201810975908.2A 2018-08-24 2018-08-24 A kind of grain separator Pending CN109168651A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810975908.2A CN109168651A (en) 2018-08-24 2018-08-24 A kind of grain separator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810975908.2A CN109168651A (en) 2018-08-24 2018-08-24 A kind of grain separator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN109168651A true CN109168651A (en) 2019-01-11

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ID=64919888

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810975908.2A Pending CN109168651A (en) 2018-08-24 2018-08-24 A kind of grain separator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN109168651A (en)

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4017206A (en) * 1975-09-03 1977-04-12 Veb Kombinat Fortschritt Landmaschinen Winnowing blower for combine harvester-thresher
US5017177A (en) * 1987-02-03 1991-05-21 Vtu "Angel Kantchev" Maize sheller
CN205213472U (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-05-11 自贡市现代秋收机械有限公司 Variable speed thresher
CN105660054A (en) * 2014-11-21 2016-06-15 许成钰 Efficient anti-blockage grain threshing machine
CN107736136A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-02-27 绍兴柯桥韩玉电子科技有限公司 One kind feeds uniform rice thresher
CN108012673A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-05-11 沈成龙 A kind of agricultural seed thresher

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4017206A (en) * 1975-09-03 1977-04-12 Veb Kombinat Fortschritt Landmaschinen Winnowing blower for combine harvester-thresher
US5017177A (en) * 1987-02-03 1991-05-21 Vtu "Angel Kantchev" Maize sheller
CN105660054A (en) * 2014-11-21 2016-06-15 许成钰 Efficient anti-blockage grain threshing machine
CN205213472U (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-05-11 自贡市现代秋收机械有限公司 Variable speed thresher
CN107736136A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-02-27 绍兴柯桥韩玉电子科技有限公司 One kind feeds uniform rice thresher
CN108012673A (en) * 2017-12-28 2018-05-11 沈成龙 A kind of agricultural seed thresher

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Application publication date: 20190111