CN201541479U - Corn husking mechanism with multiple functions of husking, cleaning and conveying - Google Patents

Corn husking mechanism with multiple functions of husking, cleaning and conveying Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201541479U
CN201541479U CN2009202215892U CN200920221589U CN201541479U CN 201541479 U CN201541479 U CN 201541479U CN 2009202215892 U CN2009202215892 U CN 2009202215892U CN 200920221589 U CN200920221589 U CN 200920221589U CN 201541479 U CN201541479 U CN 201541479U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
corn
vibratory sieve
peeling
husking
seed
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN2009202215892U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
迟树廷
李传良
王菁
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Tianjin Tractor Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Tianjin Tractor Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Publication date
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Priority to CN2009202215892U priority Critical patent/CN201541479U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201541479U publication Critical patent/CN201541479U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model provides a corn husking mechanism with multiple functions of husking, cleaning and conveying, which utilizes a corn harvester as a platform, namely the corn husking mechanism is formed by adding a husking mechanism on the existing corn harvester. The corn husking mechanism comprises a connection framework, a husking actuator device, a cleaning device and a kernel recovery device, wherein the husking mechanism is connected with the body of the corn harvester via the connection framework, the husking actuator device is mounted on the connection framework, an inlet of the husking actuator device is arranged below a corn ear outlet of a lift conveyor of the corn harvester, the cleaning device is mounted on the connection framework and comprises a vibrating screen, a vibrating screen driving mechanism and an air blower, the driving mechanism drives the vibrating screen to swing to screen out corn bracts, over-thin corn bracts and other impurities which are screened out are discharged via the air blower, and the kernel recovery device is mounted under the connection framework and used for collecting kernels filtered out during a swinging process of the screen. The corn harvester completes operations of harvesting, cleaning, husking and conveying at one step, thereby saving labor, avoiding waste, reducing loss and increasing operation efficiency.

Description

Multifunctional corn peeling procedure with peeling, removal of impurities, conveying
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural mechanical field, and relating to the maize harvesting machine is mating power, has the corn peeling mechanism of peeling, removal of impurities, the multi-functional mechanism of conveying.
Background technology
The most of type of at present domestic existing maize harvesting machine does not have peeling procedure, and only several type major parts are a last peeling mode.And removal of impurities of peeling machine all do not reach agriculture requirement on these, and the debarker transmission is reasonable inadequately, and failure ratio is more.
During use, maize harvesting machine is walked along the corn every trade, and corn stem is taken through the ceding of Taiwan, and the fruit ear of taking is promoted also by elevator together with bract and rearward carries, and after the elevator outlet is discharged and fallen in the fruit ear case, is transported to the place again and uses upward peeling machine removal of impurities.
Particularly in the big province of corn area sowing area, users look forward to especially having and a kind ofly the one step completed maize harvesting machine of All Jobs can be solved problem.Receive though corn before is a machine, also still need manually peeling airing on the field.So not only need a lot of manpowers, and operating efficiency is lower.Recommend in this, a kind of maize harvesting machine with the peeling operation is made in urgent hope research, can solve labour's anxiety, improves reaping machine operating efficiency and effect.
Summary of the invention
The utility model is for solving above-mentioned this problem, a kind of novel corn peeling mechanism has been made in research, with organic set of multiple function such as corn peeling, removal of impurities, conveyings, this mechanism is installed in and uses on the existing maize harvesting machine, just can improve maize harvesting machine operating efficiency and effect greatly.
In order to realize the purpose of this utility model, a kind of corn peeling mechanism with peeling, removal of impurities, the multi-functional mechanism of conveying is proposed, described peeling procedure comprises:
One connects frame, and described peeling procedure is connected with the maize harvesting machine body by connecting frame;
One peeling actuating unit is installed on the described connection frame; The inlet of described peeling actuating unit is arranged on the below of described elevator fruit ear outlet;
One trash discharging apparatus is installed on the described connection frame, described trash discharging apparatus involving vibrations sieve, vibratory sieve driving mechanism and blower fan, and described vibratory sieve driving mechanism makes vibratory sieve produce swing, and bract is sifted out, and blower fan is discharged the bract or other foreign material that sift out;
One seed retracting device is installed on the described connection frame, collects the seed that filters out in the described screen cloth swing process.
Described peeling procedure also comprises a secondary hoisting equipment, is arranged on the fruit ear exit of described peeling actuating unit, and the corn that described secondary hoisting equipment will have been peeled off is transported to silo or with the device place of car unloading.
Described vibratory sieve is made of vibratory sieve framework and screen cloth, and described vibratory sieve framework is equipped with the vibratory sieve hanger, and the vibratory sieve framework is hinged on the described connection frame by the hanger two ends.
Described vibratory sieve driving mechanism comprises a crank connecting rod apparatus, and described crank connecting rod apparatus drives vibratory sieve by the vibratory sieve hanger, makes it to produce swing.
Described blower fan and vibratory sieve driving mechanism are installed in the vibratory sieve both sides respectively.
Described blower fan adopts the blower fan of drum-type, and the rectangle blower fan mouth of blade and prolate shape is correspondingly guaranteed to produce air-flow on the full surface of screen cloth.
Described seed retracting device comprises a seed case, and described seed case comprises seed inlet, seed outlet and besel; Described besel is used for monitoring whether the iblet that the seed case is deposited is filled.
The beneficial effect of this maize harvesting machine:
Maize harvesting machine has been installed multi-functional peeling procedures such as peeling, removal of impurities, conveying, makes maize harvesting machine increase corn ear peeling function, and maize harvesting machine can only be plucked fringe, and problem that can not peeling has obtained solution.Having solved the corn ear peeling needs unnecessary labour, is subjected to vast corn planting family and foster machine user's welcome and blue or green hiding deeply.
Screen cloth and seed retracting device are avoided broken seed waste, reduce percent of loss, and blower fan is used for the Northeast that bract does more, reduces percentage of impurity; The optional less type of free space that is used in of secondary hoisting equipment, the compactedness of raising space layout.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model peeling procedure installation site end view;
Fig. 2 is the utility model peeling procedure installation site rearview;
Fig. 3 is the peeling procedure complete machine structure figure;
Fig. 4 is a vibratory sieve installation site schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is Structure of Vibrating Screen figure;
Fig. 6 is the three-dimensional structure diagram of vibratory sieve;
Fig. 7 is the blower fan three-dimensional structure diagram;
Fig. 8 is a seed case three-dimensional structure diagram.
Among the figure:
1 reaping machine body, 12 blower fans
2 elevators, 13 vibratory sieve driving mechanisms
3 secondary elevators, 14 vibratory sieve hangers
4 peeling procedures, 15 blower fan mouths
5 seed casees, 16 vibratory sieve frameworks
6 unloading stem bars, 17 screen clothes
7 silos, 18 fan blades
8 cedings of Taiwan, 19 stem bar assemblies
9 fruit ears stream plate, 20 besels
10 vibratory sieves, 21 seeds inlet
The outlet of 11 debarker frames, 22 seeds
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, have multi-functional corn peeling such as peeling, removal of impurities, conveying mechanism and elaborate of the present utility model.
This patent is the peeling procedure of setting up on original reaping machine basis, and this peeling procedure comprises connection frame and rack-mounted peeling actuating unit, trash discharging apparatus, seed retracting device and secondary hoisting equipment.
Wherein, connect that frame connects each parts and peeling procedure is connected with the maize harvesting machine body; Upward operation debarker structure is identical with the field for the peeling actuating unit; Trash discharging apparatus involving vibrations sieve, screen cloth, blower fan.Vibratory sieve discharges bract by the toggle swing, utilizes blower fan that the made from bracteal leaf of corn of other foreign material or overdrying is discharged again; The seed retracting device is collected the seed that filters out in the screen cloth swing process in the seed storehouse; The structure of secondary hoisting equipment is identical with elevator, is that corn is transmitted back to silo or with the device of car unloading, the secondary hoisting equipment can be according to the needs apolegamy of operation with peeling off.
Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 are the utility model peeling procedure installation site end view and rearview.As shown in the figure, the overall structure of maize harvesting machine comprises supporting reaping machine 1, the reaping machine front portion utilizes hanger bracket that a ceding of Taiwan 8 is set, be positioned at the reaping machine right side at the rear portion of the ceding of Taiwan 8 and be connected with elevator, elevator 2 is connected to the rear end of wheel tractor 1 from the ceding of Taiwan 8, the fruit ear outlet below of elevator 2 is provided with peeling procedure 4, and the below of peeling procedure 4 is provided with seed case 5.In peeling procedure 4 fruit ear exits secondary elevator 3 is set, corn ear through peeling is transported to silo 7 or is discharged to haulage vehicle through unloading stem bar 6, finishes the technological process of maize harvesting machine: corn support → corn picker → fruit ear conveying → fruit ear peeling removal of impurities → fruit ear conveying → silo (or with car unloading).
Be connected with actuating unit between the power intake of the described ceding of Taiwan 8, elevator (2,3), peeling procedure 4 and the power take-off of reaping machine.
Fig. 3 is peeling procedure overall structure figure, and Fig. 4 is a vibratory sieve installation site schematic diagram.This maize harvesting machine uses existing debarker, and corn carries flow process shown in the arrow of Fig. 3.The inlet of peeling procedure 4 is below the outlet of elevator fruit ear, unpeeled corn enters corn peeling mechanism 4 along arrow, corn ear through peeling is delivered directly to secondary elevator 3 through fruit ear stream plate 9, transport to silo 7 or with the car unloading through secondary elevator 3, if the space allows also can be delivered directly to silo from peeling procedure 4.
The debarker below is provided with vibratory sieve 10, and vibratory sieve 10 is installed on the frame 11, and both sides are installed blower fan 12 and vibratory sieve driving mechanism 13 respectively.The maize peel that process peeling procedure 4 peels and a small amount of iblet are through vibratory sieve 10, and iblet falls from vibratory sieve 10 and enters seed case 5, and the maize peel that vibratory sieve 10 screens out is discharged by blower fan 12.
Fig. 5 is Structure of Vibrating Screen figure, and Fig. 6 is the three-dimensional structure diagram of vibratory sieve.Vibratory sieve 10 is made of vibratory sieve framework 16 and screen cloth 17, vibratory sieve framework 16 is equipped with vibratory sieve hanger 14, be hinged on the framework 16 by hanger 14 two ends, the vibratory sieve hanger 14 of one end is connected with vibratory sieve driving mechanism 13, vibratory sieve driving mechanism 13 drives vibratory sieve 10 by crank connecting rod apparatus, make it to produce swing, seed falls into seed case 5 by screen cloth 17 by the vertical direction of arrow.Made from bracteal leaf of corn is blown out from screen cloth 17 upper arrow directions by the air-flow that is blown into from blower fan mouth 15.
Fig. 7 is the blower fan three-dimensional structure diagram.As shown in the figure, this maize harvesting machine adopts the blower fan of drum-type, the rectangle blower fan mouth 15 of blade 18 and prolate shape correspondingly, and this structure can be guaranteed to produce air-flow on the full surface of screen cloth 17, discharges the direction of arrow according to bract shown in Figure 5, and bract is removed.
Fig. 8 is the three-dimensional structure diagram of seed case, comprises seed inlet 21, seed outlet 22 and besel 20.Besel 20 is used for monitoring whether the iblet that seed case 5 is deposited is filled, and whether needs discharging.

Claims (7)

1. the multifunctional corn peeling procedure with peeling, removal of impurities, conveying is characterized in that, described corn peeling mechanism sets up on maize harvesting machine, and described peeling procedure comprises:
One connects frame, and described peeling procedure is connected with the maize harvesting machine body by connecting frame;
One peeling actuating unit is installed on the described connection frame; The inlet of described peeling actuating unit is arranged on the below of described elevator fruit ear outlet;
One trash discharging apparatus is installed on the described connection frame, described trash discharging apparatus involving vibrations sieve, vibratory sieve driving mechanism and blower fan, and described vibratory sieve driving mechanism makes vibratory sieve produce swing, and bract is sifted out, and blower fan is discharged shrivelled bract and other foreign material;
One seed retracting device is installed in described connection frame lower end, collects the seed that filters out in the described screen cloth swing process.
2. corn peeling according to claim 1 mechanism, it is characterized in that, described peeling procedure also comprises a secondary hoisting equipment, is arranged on the fruit ear exit of described peeling actuating unit, and the corn that described secondary hoisting equipment will have been peeled off is transported to silo or with the device place of car unloading.
3. corn peeling according to claim 1 mechanism is characterized in that described vibratory sieve is made of vibratory sieve framework and screen cloth, and described vibratory sieve framework both sides are equipped with the vibratory sieve hanger, and the vibratory sieve framework is hinged on the described connection frame by the hanger two ends.
4. corn peeling according to claim 3 mechanism is characterized in that described vibratory sieve driving mechanism comprises a crank connecting rod apparatus, and described crank connecting rod apparatus drives vibratory sieve by the vibratory sieve hanger, makes it to produce swing.
5. corn peeling according to claim 1 mechanism is characterized in that described blower fan and vibratory sieve driving mechanism are installed in the vibratory sieve both sides respectively.
6. corn peeling according to claim 1 mechanism is characterized in that, described blower fan adopts the blower fan of drum-type, and the rectangle blower fan mouth of blade and prolate shape is correspondingly guaranteed in the surface of screen cloth generation uniform airflow bract all to be discharged.
7. corn peeling according to claim 1 mechanism is characterized in that described seed retracting device comprises that a seed case reclaims broken seed, and described seed case comprises seed inlet, seed outlet and besel; Described besel is used for monitoring whether the iblet that the seed case is deposited is filled.
CN2009202215892U 2009-10-27 2009-10-27 Corn husking mechanism with multiple functions of husking, cleaning and conveying Expired - Lifetime CN201541479U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202215892U CN201541479U (en) 2009-10-27 2009-10-27 Corn husking mechanism with multiple functions of husking, cleaning and conveying

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202215892U CN201541479U (en) 2009-10-27 2009-10-27 Corn husking mechanism with multiple functions of husking, cleaning and conveying

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201541479U true CN201541479U (en) 2010-08-11

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103535156A (en) * 2013-08-02 2014-01-29 曹福成 Corn cob skinning machine
CN107223411A (en) * 2016-03-24 2017-10-03 中国农业机械化科学研究院 A kind of maize harvesting machine and its corn kernel retracting device
CN112913467A (en) * 2021-02-05 2021-06-08 常州常发重工科技有限公司 Corn harvester

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103535156A (en) * 2013-08-02 2014-01-29 曹福成 Corn cob skinning machine
CN107223411A (en) * 2016-03-24 2017-10-03 中国农业机械化科学研究院 A kind of maize harvesting machine and its corn kernel retracting device
CN112913467A (en) * 2021-02-05 2021-06-08 常州常发重工科技有限公司 Corn harvester

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Granted publication date: 20100811