CN211385773U - Novel crops screening device - Google Patents

Novel crops screening device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211385773U
CN211385773U CN202020021155.4U CN202020021155U CN211385773U CN 211385773 U CN211385773 U CN 211385773U CN 202020021155 U CN202020021155 U CN 202020021155U CN 211385773 U CN211385773 U CN 211385773U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
box body
inner box
guide screen
outer box
crops
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN202020021155.4U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
胡喜贵
张海惠
黄玲
陈向东
冯素伟
胡铁柱
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Henan Institute of Science and Technology
Original Assignee
Henan Institute of Science and Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Henan Institute of Science and Technology filed Critical Henan Institute of Science and Technology
Priority to CN202020021155.4U priority Critical patent/CN211385773U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN211385773U publication Critical patent/CN211385773U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a novel crops screening plant belongs to crops screening technical field. The screening device comprises a box body, wherein the box body comprises an inner box body and an outer box body, the outer box body is arranged outside the inner box body, a cavity is formed between the outer box body and the inner box body, a plurality of guide screen meshes are arranged in the inner box body from top to bottom, each guide screen mesh is fixedly connected with the inner box body, openings are formed in the side wall of the inner box body, the lower ends of the guide screen meshes are in one-to-one correspondence with and communicated with the openings, impurity outlets are formed in the bottom of the outer box body, crop outlets are formed in the bottom of the outer box body, and a vibrating motor is arranged at; the utility model discloses a set up vibrating motor, driven a plurality of guide screen take place to vibrate, realized that impurity and crops separate, impurity on each guide screen is collected along each export, has realized that impurity on each guide screen need not carry out a lot of letter sorting and just can accomplish the crops edulcoration, improves edulcoration efficiency.

Description

Novel crops screening device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a crops screening technical field, concretely relates to novel crops screening device.
Background
With the development of industry and the rapid development of agriculture in China, the modern mechanized production is produced by traditional manual planting, for example, wheat, soybean, rape, rice and the like are harvested by adopting a large-scale agricultural harvesting device, so that the working efficiency is greatly improved, but after the crops are harvested, the harvested crops contain certain impurities, the reasons for the existence of the impurities are influenced by the maturity of the crops, the varieties of the crops and harvesting machinery, and in order to not influence the sale and reprocessing of the crops, the harvested crops are screened to remove the impurities;
the impurity removal mode for crops is generally divided into two types: artifical edulcoration and mechanical edulcoration are two kinds, and artifical edulcoration mode adopts artificial mode to carry out the edulcoration to the crops that reap, but the time of artifical edulcoration is long, and is inefficient, so generally not adopt the mode of artifical edulcoration, and another kind of edulcoration mode is mechanical edulcoration, but mechanical edulcoration mode edulcoration among the prior art is not thorough, need carry out edulcoration many times, consequently designs the efficient crops screening plant of edulcoration and has very big practical value.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at overcoming the problem among the prior art, provide a novel crops screening plant.
The utility model provides a novel crops screening device, the power distribution box comprises a box body, the box includes interior box and outer box, the outside of box in and is established to outer box, and is equipped with the cavity between outer box and the interior box, top-down is equipped with a plurality of direction screen cloth in the interior box, each direction screen cloth all with the inside wall fixed connection of interior box, be equipped with on the inside wall of interior box and be used for making the impurity of letter sorting on each direction screen cloth carry to the opening in the cavity, the low side of each direction screen cloth all with each opening one-to-one and intercommunication, the bottom of outer box is equipped with the impurity export that is linked together with the cavity, the bottom of outer box still is equipped with the crops export that is linked together with interior box, and the outer wall-mounting of outer box has vibrating motor, vibrating motor is connected with the power electricity through first control switch.
Preferably, the front side wall and the rear side wall of the guide screen are both provided with a baffle, and the baffles are both abutted against the front side wall and the rear side wall of the inner box body.
Preferably, the apertures of the plurality of guide screens decrease from top to bottom in sequence.
Preferably, the top of the outer box body is provided with a feed hopper communicated with the inner box body.
Preferably, still include crops conveyor, crops conveyor is located the below of lower floor's direction screen cloth, crops conveyor includes motor, pivot and spiral helicine conveying blade, the pivot is established including the box along the horizontal direction, and the one end of pivot passes through the bearing with interior box and is connected, the other end of pivot with establish the output shaft connection of motor on the outer wall of outer box, conveying blade establishes in the pivot, the motor passes through second control switch and is connected with the power electricity.
Preferably, a gas collecting hood is arranged above the feed hopper, the gas collecting hood is communicated with a gas inlet of a gas suction pump arranged outside the outer box body through a gas conveying pipe, a gas outlet of the gas suction pump is communicated with a gas filtering device, and the gas suction pump is electrically connected with a power supply through a third control switch.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that:
1. the utility model discloses a to reap in the interior box is carried by the feeding hopper to the crops granule after, through the control switch who opens vibrating motor, vibrating motor rotates, box and outer box take place the vibration in the drive, and then a plurality of direction screen cloth in the box take place the vibration including having driven the setting, because a plurality of directions shine the aperture top-down of net and reduce in proper order, so each direction screen cloth can sort crops according to the size of impurity in the crops, need not carry out a lot of letter sorting and just can accomplish the edulcoration to crops, improve edulcoration efficiency, through the export that sets up each direction screen cloth and cavity and be linked together, carry the cavity by the export with the impurity of each direction screen cloth on-line letter sorting, the collection to impurity has been accomplished.
2. The utility model discloses a set up carrying after crops conveyor sieves the processing to the guide screen, can effectually avoid crops to pile up including the box, influence screening efficiency, simultaneously because the crops after reaping can produce dust when the screening, when vibrating motor vibrates, can make dust raise up, influence staff's healthy, so through setting up the dust intake that gas collecting channel, aspiration pump and gas filtering device can effectual reduction human.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic sectional structure of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals:
1. the device comprises a box body, 1-1 parts of an inner box body, 1-2 parts of an outer box body, 1-3 parts of a cavity, 2 parts of a guide screen, 3 parts of an impurity outlet, 4 parts of a vibration motor, 5 parts of a crop conveying device, 5-1 parts of a motor, 5-2 parts of a rotating shaft, 5-3 parts of a conveying blade, 6 parts of a crop outlet, 7 parts of a feeding hopper, 8 parts of a gas collecting hood, 9 parts of a gas conveying pipe and 10 parts of an air pump.
Detailed Description
The following detailed description of the present invention is provided in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, but it should be understood that the scope of the present invention is not limited by the following detailed description. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Example 1
As shown in figures 1-2, the utility model provides a novel crop screening device, which comprises a box body 1, the box body comprises an inner box body 1-1 and an outer box body 1-2, the outer box body 1-2 is arranged outside the inner box body 1-1, a cavity 1-3 is arranged between the outer box body 1-2 and the inner box body 1-1, a plurality of guide screen meshes 2 are arranged in the inner box body 1-1 from top to bottom, each guide screen mesh 2 is fixedly connected with the inner side wall of the inner box body 1-1, openings for conveying common body impurities collected on each guide screen mesh 2 into the cavity are arranged on the side wall of the inner box body 1-1, the lower ends of each guide screen mesh 2 are in one-to-one correspondence and communication with each opening, an impurity outlet 3 communicated with the cavity 1-3 is arranged at the bottom of the outer box body 1-2, the bottom of the outer box body 1-2 is also provided with a crop outlet 6 communicated with the inner box body 1-1, the outer bottom wall of the outer box body 1 is provided with a vibration motor 4, and the vibration motor 4 is electrically connected with a power supply through a first control switch.
In the embodiment, soil blocks, straws and other solid impurities exist in crops in the harvesting process, so that the crops need to be screened when being reprocessed, but the impurities of the existing crop screening device are not thoroughly removed and need to be removed for a plurality of times, so that the problem that the impurity removal efficiency is seriously influenced because the impurities are not thoroughly removed and need to be removed for a plurality of times in the existing mechanical impurity removal equipment is solved, the harvested crops are conveyed into the box body 1 through the conveying pipe, the control switch connected with the vibrating motor 4 is turned on, the vibrating motor 4 rotates (the model of the vibrating motor is YZU-1-2) to drive the box body 1 to vibrate, the guide screen 2 arranged in the inner box body 1-1 is driven to vibrate, and the crops vibrate on the guide screen 2, because the aperture of guide screen 2 is greater than the particle size of crops, the aperture of guide screen 2 is less than the size of impurity, so when the impurity size in the crops is unanimous basically, at this moment the interior crops granule of box 1-1 in by guide screen 2 carry out once screening can, just can realize the edulcoration to crops, but when the impurity size in the crops is different, so guide screen 2 in the box 1 need set different apertures into, the impurity of leaving over on the screen cloth has the opening to flow into in the cavity, the vibration through vibrating motor 4 makes impurity collect by impurity export 3, make the crops after the edulcoration obtain collecting in 6 departments of crops export through the vibration of vibrating motor 4.
In order to avoid that impurities on the upper guide screen 2 in the inner box body 1-1 fall onto the lower guide screen 2 and influence the screening efficiency of the guide screen 2, baffles are arranged on the front side wall and the rear side wall of the guide screen 2 and are abutted against the front side wall and the rear side wall of the inner box body 1-1.
In order to realize screening once just can the edulcoration thoroughly, need not edulcoration many times, a plurality of guide screen 2's aperture reduces from top to bottom in proper order.
The harvested crops are conveyed into the inner box body 1-1 by the feed hopper, so the top of the outer box body 1-2 is provided with the feed hopper 7 communicated with the inner box body 1-1.
In order to prevent the screened crops from blocking the inner box body 1-1 and affecting the screening efficiency, the motor 5-1 (model number: YE2-132M) is started to rotate, the motor 5-1 drives the rotating shaft 5-2 to rotate, the rotating shaft 5-2 drives the spiral rotating conveying blade 5-3 to rotate, the crops are rapidly output from the crop outlet 6 under the pushing of the conveying blade 5-3, the accumulation probability of the crops in the inner box body 1-1 is reduced, the crop conveying device 5 is further included, the crop conveying device 5 is positioned below the lowest layer guide screen 2, the crop conveying device 5 comprises the motor 5-1, the rotating shaft 5-2 and the spiral conveying blade 5-3, the rotating shaft 5-2 is horizontally arranged in the inner box body 1-1, one end of the rotating shaft 5-2 is connected with the inner box body 1-1 through a bearing, the other end of the rotating shaft 5-2 is connected with an output shaft of a motor 5-1 arranged on the outer wall of the outer box body 1-2, the conveying blade 5-3 is arranged on the rotating shaft, and the motor 5-1 is electrically connected with a power supply through a second control switch.
In order to reduce the possibility that dust generated in the screening process can be raised and influence the health of workers, the dust suction amount of a human body can be effectively reduced by arranging a gas collecting hood, a suction pump 10 (the model of the suction pump is SF31-SPV700EH) and a gas filtering device (the model of the gas filtering device is GL41-H), so that a gas collecting hood 8 is arranged above the feed hopper 7, the gas collecting hood 8 is communicated with a gas inlet of the suction pump 10 arranged outside the outer box 1-2 through a gas conveying pipe 9, a gas outlet of the suction pump 10 is communicated with the gas filtering device, and the suction pump 10 is electrically connected with a power supply through a third control switch.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (6)

1. A novel crop screening device is characterized by comprising a box body (1), wherein the box body comprises an inner box body (1-1) and an outer box body (1-2), the outer box body (1-2) is arranged outside the inner box body (1-1), a cavity (1-3) is formed between the outer box body (1-2) and the inner box body (1-1), a plurality of guide screen meshes (2) are arranged in the inner box body (1-1) from top to bottom, each guide screen mesh (2) is fixedly connected with the inner side wall of the inner box body (1-1), openings used for conveying impurities sorted on each guide screen mesh (2) into the cavity are formed in the inner side wall of the inner box body (1-1), the lower ends of each guide screen mesh (2) correspond to and are communicated with the openings one to one, impurity outlets (3) communicated with the cavity (1-3) are formed in the bottom of the outer box body (1-2), the bottom of the outer box body (1-2) is also provided with a crop outlet (6) communicated with the inner box body (1-1), a vibration motor (4) is installed on the outer bottom wall of the outer box body (1), and the vibration motor (4) is electrically connected with a power supply through a first control switch.
2. A novel crop screening apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the guide screen (2) has baffles on both the front and rear side walls, the baffles abutting against the front and rear side walls of the inner box (1-1).
3. A novel crop screening apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the apertures of said plurality of guide screens (2) decrease in order from top to bottom.
4. A novel crop screening apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the top of the outer box (1-2) is provided with a feed hopper (7) communicating with the inner box (1-1).
5. A new crop screening apparatus as claimed in claim 1, further comprising crop conveying means (5), the crop conveying device (5) is positioned below the lowest layer of guide screen (2), the crop conveying device (5) comprises a motor (5-1), a rotating shaft (5-2) and a spiral conveying blade (5-3), the rotating shaft (5-2) is arranged in the inner box body (1-1) along the horizontal direction, one end of the rotating shaft (5-2) is connected with the inner box body (1-1) through a bearing, the other end of the rotating shaft (5-2) is connected with an output shaft of the motor (5-1) arranged on the outer wall of the outer box body (1-2), the conveying blade (5-3) is arranged on the rotating shaft, and the motor (5-1) is electrically connected with a power supply through a second control switch.
6. A novel crop screening device as claimed in claim 4, characterized in that a gas collecting hood (8) is arranged above the feed hopper (7), the gas collecting hood (8) is communicated with a gas inlet of a suction pump (10) arranged outside the outer box (1-2) through a gas pipe (9), a gas outlet of the suction pump (10) is communicated with a gas filtering device, and the suction pump (10) is electrically connected with a power supply through a third control switch.
CN202020021155.4U 2020-01-06 2020-01-06 Novel crops screening device Expired - Fee Related CN211385773U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020021155.4U CN211385773U (en) 2020-01-06 2020-01-06 Novel crops screening device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020021155.4U CN211385773U (en) 2020-01-06 2020-01-06 Novel crops screening device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211385773U true CN211385773U (en) 2020-09-01

Family

ID=72226442

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020021155.4U Expired - Fee Related CN211385773U (en) 2020-01-06 2020-01-06 Novel crops screening device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211385773U (en)

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20200901

Termination date: 20210106