CN109499880A - A kind of winnowing machine based on selection by winnowing part - Google Patents

A kind of winnowing machine based on selection by winnowing part Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109499880A
CN109499880A CN201910001588.5A CN201910001588A CN109499880A CN 109499880 A CN109499880 A CN 109499880A CN 201910001588 A CN201910001588 A CN 201910001588A CN 109499880 A CN109499880 A CN 109499880A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
selection
winnowing
plate
waste
impurity
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CN201910001588.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
鲁廷阳
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Ma'anshan Bowang District Kubo Machinery Parts Factory
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Ma'anshan Bowang District Kubo Machinery Parts Factory
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Priority to CN201910001588.5A priority Critical patent/CN109499880A/en
Publication of CN109499880A publication Critical patent/CN109499880A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B11/00Arrangement of accessories in apparatus for separating solids from solids using gas currents
    • B07B11/02Arrangement of air or material conditioning accessories
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B4/00Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents
    • B07B4/02Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents while the mixtures fall

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of winnowing machines based on selection by winnowing part, belong to crop seeds removal of impurities machinery field.It includes blower, waste-collecting box, it further include selection by winnowing part, feed hopper and discharging hopper, wherein, the lower section of feed hopper is selection by winnowing part, discharging hopper is located at below selection by winnowing part, blower is located at the left side of selection by winnowing part, the right side of selection by winnowing part is waste-collecting box, it further include fugitive dust adsorption plant, fugitive dust adsorption plant successively includes uptake from top to bottom, fugitive dust filter bag and fugitive dust collection bucket, waste-collecting box includes filter plate, heavy impurity bucket, light miscellaneous hopper and fugitive dust outlet, waste-collecting box upper left-hand is selection by winnowing part, the top of waste-collecting box is composed of filter plate, the lower part of waste-collecting box is successively arranged heavy impurity bucket and light miscellaneous hopper from left to right, waste-collecting box upper right is fugitive dust outlet, fugitive dust outlet is connected to fugitive dust adsorption plant, it can remove the impurity in cereal, mildew or not full seed and the good seed of full grains are separated, convenient for seed storage , the later period sale and processing.

Description

A kind of winnowing machine based on selection by winnowing part
The present patent application is divisional application, parent application number: 2016106475770;Female case title: a kind of winnowing machine and its Wind selection method;Parent application day: 2016-08-09.
Technical field
The present invention relates to crop seeds removal of impurities machinery field more particularly to a kind of winnowing machines based on selection by winnowing part.
Background technique
Conventional crop seed can remove in cereal in harvest by the manual operation mode that either high-altitude leaves The impurity such as husk, chaff skin, dust, soil, blow air over by cereal husk and the impurity such as soil take away, but cereal dries The impurity things such as existing heavier stone are difficult to remove in the process, manually-operated large labor intensity, at high cost, working efficiency It is low.
With the development of agricultural automation, the combine harvester of automation gathers in crops instead of previous manual operation Operation mode, crop seeds are disposably gathered in by grain combine after maturation, are not deposited in the cereal gathered in Can still there are un-cleared husk, dust and soil etc. compared with light impurity in impurity such as heavier stones, but in cereal, in addition also contain There is the seed of some not full grain and mildew, this will affect the quality of seed, it is not easy to sale and the processing in later period, and For the seed of mildew, if picked out not in time, time heap accumulates in the course of time, and the mould in the seed of mildew can gradually become better kind It is spread in son, leads to seed quality worse and worse.
Have in existing technology to cereal de-burring machine following several: 1) using blower aspirated or blown in such a way that, removal of impurities Fan blade rotation in machine, forms pressure difference, after grain enters in de-burring machine from grain inlet, light impurity (husk, chaff skin With dust etc.) it is sucked away, from removal of impurities air compartment impurity outlet discharge, while grain is flowed out from the grain outlet in air duct under the effect of gravity, This mode can not separate the lesser impurity of the difference in specific gravity such as the seed of mildew and good seed;That is, those can only be separated It is lighter than cereal, and the biggish impurity of difference in specific gravity between cereal, if the flow of cereal is bigger, impurity will be removed not completely, For the lesser impurity of those and seed specific weight difference, the seed that not can be removed, and go mouldy seed of becoming reconciled will lead to seed together It is deteriorated in the middle quality hoarded, the not full seed of those particles does not screen the selling price for having an effect on seed;If The blade rotation of blower is too fast, can also good seed be aspirated or be blown away, cause foodstuff waste;2) using screening, vibration and pumping Inhale or blow the mode of combination, vibration and screening removes the biggish stone of heavier partial size, aspirates or the mode blown will be lighter miscellaneous Matter removal, still not can be removed mildew or not full seed.
Chinese utility model patent, Authorization Notice No.: CN204620422U, authorized announcement date: 2015.09.09 is disclosed A kind of air separation impurity removing equipment comprising trash chamber, be arranged in trash chamber bottom blower device and with connected at the top of trash chamber Seed recyclable device;The blower device includes funnelform exhaust hood and the air blower that connect with exhaust hood, described Exhaust hood be provided centrally with the miscellaneous funnel of collection, the miscellaneous funnel bottom of the collection is connect by impurity conduit with the miscellaneous storehouse of collection, described Wind output channel is formed between the miscellaneous funnel of exhaust hood sum aggregate, and spiral helicine deflector is provided in wind output channel;Seed recyclable device Connect with blower inlet including recovery room and setting recycling indoor cloth bag, the recovery room bottom, cloth bag bottom and Collecting bin connection.The utility model can be further processed the seed Jing Guo dust removal process, by biggish stone of weight etc. Impurity is separated with seed, obtains cleaner seed, is handled convenient for post-production.Disadvantage is that: the patent is to use It is separated in solving the impurity such as the biggish stone of weight with seed, the deflector being arranged in the technical solution forms wind output channel Multiple exhaust outlets, to form whirlwind, the principle aspirated using whirlwind, by the impurity such as the biggish stone of weight in seed and kind Son separates, and can not remove the relatively light impurity of seed, and mildew and not full seed.
Summary of the invention
1. technical problems to be solved
Aiming at the problem that containing impurity in the grain of the crops of the prior art, the present invention provides one kind to be based on selection by winnowing part Winnowing machine.It can remove the impurity in cereal, and mildew or not full seed and the good seed of full grains are separated, Convenient for the sale and processing in seed storage or later period.
2. technical solution
In order to achieve the above objectives, the present invention program carries out in the following manner:
A kind of winnowing machine based on selection by winnowing part, including blower, waste-collecting box further include selection by winnowing part, feed hopper and discharging material Bucket, wherein the lower section of feed hopper is selection by winnowing part, and discharging hopper is located at below selection by winnowing part, and blower is located at the left side of selection by winnowing part, wind The right side of option is waste-collecting box.
Material enters in winnowing machine from feed hopper, falls on selection by winnowing part, the wind that the blower on the left of selection by winnowing part is blown, by object The impurity being mingled in material beam is blown in waste-collecting box, is fallen in discharging hopper under clean material, and transportation and sale or processing life are packed It produces or stores, cereal shell is not present in material, there is no the materials of mildew and not full material, and it is normal to will not influence material Sale.
Frequency converter is connect with blower, controls the revolving speed of blower, and then control the size of wind, homocline shunts, three layers of discharging mistake Position shunts, and makes full use of wind energy variable speed, effect is obvious;
Material outlet is in flat in feed hopper, falls to forming waterfall shape convenient for material, so as to the selection by winnowing plate of selection by winnowing part On selection by winnowing hole waterfall is cut, but the thickness of waterfall is unsuitable blocked up, in order to avoid wind cannot be cleared by whole impurity.
It preferably, further include fugitive dust adsorption plant, fugitive dust adsorption plant successively includes uptake, fugitive dust filter bag from top to bottom With fugitive dust collection bucket.
Preferably, waste-collecting box includes filter plate, heavy impurity bucket, light miscellaneous hopper and fugitive dust outlet, and waste-collecting box upper left-hand is wind The top of option, waste-collecting box is composed of filter plate, and the lower part of waste-collecting box is successively arranged heavy impurity bucket and light miscellaneous material from left to right Bucket, waste-collecting box upper right are fugitive dust outlet, and fugitive dust outlet is connected to fugitive dust adsorption plant.
Filter plate be in order to keep unimpeded with external wind, waste-collecting box be it is rectangular, three faces on waste-collecting box top are filter plate, are In order to keep the abundant unimpeded of wind.
Preferably, selection by winnowing part includes selection by winnowing plate, and selection by winnowing plate is equipped with selection by winnowing hole, the wind on two neighbouring selection by winnowing plates The position in hole is selected to mutually stagger.
Preferably, selection by winnowing plate includes selection by winnowing hole, lower plate and middle plate, wherein middle plate and lower plate are sequentially connected, and middle plate is equipped with Selection by winnowing hole.
Preferably, it is uniformly provided with selection by winnowing hole on middle plate, is divider between two neighboring selection by winnowing hole on middle plate.
Preferably, the wind that blower is blown in the horizontal direction is blown on selection by winnowing part, where the middle plate on the selection by winnowing plate of selection by winnowing part Plane is from the horizontal by acute angle.
A kind of wind selection method of the winnowing machine based on selection by winnowing part, the steps include:
A, blower is opened, blower rotation, aweather option is dried;
B, material enters from feed hopper, lines up waterfall shape, falls on selection by winnowing part;
C, the material of waterfall shape is fallen on selection by winnowing plate, by the barrier effect of divider, respectively out of, adjacent selection by winnowing hole Pass through, the material of waterfall shape forms the material of a branch of beam after selection by winnowing plate;
D, the wind that blower is blown passes through the gap that adjacent selection by winnowing plate is formed, and comes into full contact with material beam, on the outside of material beam The impurity on periphery is blown away;
Selection by winnowing plate and wind direction are at an acute angle, wind middle plate and upper plate of the impurity along selection by winnowing plate, impurity by wind action, It is blown in waste-collecting box;
E, material Shu Jixu fall, the material beam fallen from the selection by winnowing hole of upper one block of selection by winnowing plate, fall to it is adjacent under On the divider of one block of selection by winnowing plate, by the barrier effect of divider, pass through out of adjacent selection by winnowing hole respectively, upper a branch of material It is separated and, merge in selection by winnowing hole with adjacent divided material beam, form new material beam, be located at material beam originally The impurity at center is also assigned to the outer edge of new material beam;
F, step D and step E is repeated;
G, it falls in discharging hopper and is collected under clean material.
Preferably, in step C and step E, impurity is blown in waste-collecting box, and the impurity of weight is fallen into collection by gravity In the heavy impurity bucket of miscellaneous case, light impurity is fallen into light miscellaneous hopper, is collected.
When crop seeds gather in the prior art, it is all made of large-scale combine harvester, so, the material seed gathered in In, the heavier impurity of ratio material itself contained, such as stone and gravel almost without, in material containing mildew or insatiable hunger The light impurity of the ratio material seed such as full seed and husk itself, the present invention in rely on selection by winnowing part effect, formed material beam, Impurity is blown away, by gravity, the impurity of weight (such as seed material and not full seed material etc. of mildew) is first fallen, Close in waste-collecting box, the side setting heavy impurity bucket for sorting part collects the impurity of weight, and light impurity (such as husk etc.) is by wind Effect, first turn right in waste-collecting box and fly to fall again for a moment, drop into light miscellaneous hopper, be collected;Thus by material The impurity that middle script contains is collected, and the impurity for realizing light impurity and weight is collected respectively, convenient for the later period into Row classification processing meets environmental protection and sustainable development strategy.
Preferably, waste-collecting box top is composed of filter plate, and by wind action, impurity is easy the fugitive dust in waste-collecting box, Fugitive dust adsorption plant is located at the right side of waste-collecting box, is connected to waste-collecting box, and the fugitive dust in waste-collecting box is adsorbed onto fugitive dust adsorption plant It is interior.
Being brushed the dust in material inevitably by wind can fly upward, during being cleaned, to keep scene Air environment it is clean, fugitive dust adsorption plant is set herein, fugitive dust adsorption plant collects fugitive dust, in order to avoid form dust, Air environment is influenced, air environment cleaning is kept.
The winnowing machine of the invention based on selection by winnowing part is selected, material removal of impurities speed is fast, per hour can be to 30-50 tons of materials It cleans, it is faster than common de-burring machine speed.
It in the prior art, is magnetic suck-back, suction de-burring machine, for mycotic grain, or not full grain can not It realizes and removes, the present invention breaks conventional thinking habit, and the material that waterfall shape falls is changed to pencil, is sufficiently removed, wherein pressing from both sides Miscellaneous impurity, wind come into full contact with material, and mycotic grain and not full grain are less than normal material density, by wind Effect, it will be blown away, easy to process and sale high by the quality of material after selection by winnowing.
Main component selection by winnowing part of the present invention, although structure is simple, solve the problems, such as it is all the time insurmountable, i.e., it is mould The grain of bacterium disease, or the problem of not full grain cannot achieve removing, broken conventional thinking habit, passed through shunting Thought comes into full contact with wind and material, removes the impurity in material, realizes and removes mycotic grain, or not full grain Purpose.
Structure of the invention is simple, and production component is to commonly use to purchase, low manufacture cost, and application conditions are extensive, Such as wheat, soybean, rice and melon seeds etc. are easy to promote and utilize.
The present invention is using common blower compared with traditional impurity removing equipment using the wind speed of Frequency Converter Control blower Can, it does not need to design complicated blower, and the power of blower is low, the saving energy, cost is relatively low in use process, and is not required to very important person To participate in, the dedoping step of automation is realized.
3. beneficial effect
Using technical solution provided by the invention, compared with prior art, have the following beneficial effects:
(1) structure of the invention is simple, and production component is to commonly use to purchase, low manufacture cost, and application conditions are wide It is general, such as wheat, soybean, rice and melon seeds etc. are easy to promote and utilize;
(2) middle plate of the invention is all very long compared to upper plate and lower board width, and the material of middle plate be stainless steel plate or Other can carry the plate of the material of material whereabouts active force, because of the active force that middle plate carrying material falls;
(3) angle between upper plate of the invention and middle plate is less than or equal to 180 °, and material falls on the lower edge in selection by winnowing hole, by It to the effect of lower edge, can be scattering on the left of selection by winnowing part, upper plate plays the role of keeping out on the left of material spilling to selection by winnowing part, prevent Material fallen in dropping process on the left of selection by winnowing part other than place, keep scene clean and tidy clean, material and impurity thoroughly point From realizing the cleaning of material;
(4) selection by winnowing part of the invention solves the problems, such as all the time insurmountable, i.e. mould although structure is simple The grain of disease, or the problem of not full grain cannot achieve removing, broken conventional thinking habit, passed through the think of of shunting Want to come into full contact with wind and material, remove the impurity in material, realizes and remove mycotic grain, or not full grain Purpose;
(5) selection by winnowing plate of the invention prevents material from falling by the way of chamfering and arc transition, destroys the knot of material Structure influences the normal process and sale of material;
(6) winnowing machine of the invention based on selection by winnowing part, material removal of impurities speed is fast, per hour can be to 30-50 tons of materials It cleans, it is faster than common de-burring machine speed;
(7) present invention use fugitive dust adsorption plant, being brushed the dust in material inevitably by wind can fly upward, into During row removal of impurities, to keep the clean of live air environment, fugitive dust adsorption plant is set herein, and fugitive dust adsorption plant will be raised Dirt collects, in order to avoid forming dust, influences air environment, keeps air environment cleaning;
(8) impurity contained originally in material is collected by the present invention using waste-collecting box, and realizes light impurity It is collected respectively with the impurity of weight, carries out classification processing convenient for the later period, meet environmental protection and sustainable development strategy;
(9) selection by winnowing plate of the invention is rectangle, convenient for fixing, forms closed sky with the air port for carrying out wind on the left of selection by winnowing part Between, so that wind direction concentration is constant, in case material is dispelled and is fallen;
(10) in the present invention, it is assumed that after wind blows to the right from left side, it will the falling direction for changing material makes material Parabolic motion is done to the right, and impurity is light compared with material, it, can upper direction be for a period of time to the right after being brushed by wind After fall, when the wind direction that plane where plate and blower are blown in the middle is at an acute angle, in the horizontal direction, i.e. the wind direction that blows of blower On, the left side of plane where the right side of plane is higher than middle plate where middle plate, then impurity is moving one along middle plate to upper right side It falls after the section time, has the slightly close impurity (such as the seed and not full grain seed to go mouldy) with weight of material Direction, upper direction, plane where upper plate play the role of guidance, impurity are inducted into waste-collecting box, so that miscellaneous to the right Matter comes with feed separation.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is selection by winnowing plate structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the selection by winnowing hole relative position schematic diagram on selection by winnowing part;
Position view of the Fig. 3 between blower of the invention and selection by winnowing part;
Fig. 4 is the winnowing machine structural schematic diagram of the invention based on selection by winnowing part.
Label declaration in schematic diagram:
1, selection by winnowing plate;101, lower plate;102, upper plate;103, selection by winnowing hole;104, middle plate;105, divider;2, feed hopper; 3, blower;301, frequency converter;4, discharge hopper;5, waste-collecting box;501, filter plate;502, heavy impurity bucket;503, light miscellaneous hopper;504, Fugitive dust outlet;6, fugitive dust adsorption plant;601, uptake;602, fugitive dust filter bag;603, fugitive dust collection bucket.
Specific embodiment
To further appreciate that the contents of the present invention, in conjunction with accompanying drawings and embodiments, the present invention is described in detail.
Embodiment 1
A kind of selection by winnowing part, in conjunction with Fig. 1-4, selection by winnowing part includes selection by winnowing plate 1, and selection by winnowing plate 1 is equipped with selection by winnowing hole 103, up and down phase The position in the selection by winnowing hole 103 on two adjacent selection by winnowing plates 1 mutually staggers.
Selection by winnowing part includes several blocks of selection by winnowing plates 1, can be set as needed, and the distance between adjacent selection by winnowing plate 1 is bigger, and wind is worn The gap between adjacent selection by winnowing plate 1 is crossed, the contact with material is more abundant, and the impurity blown away is more, but apart from process, is not easy to Aggregation of the selection by winnowing hole 103 to material on next block of selection by winnowing plate 1, and one block of selection by winnowing plate 1 will cannot completely remove it is miscellaneous in material Matter is inevitably mingled with impurity in material beam, so, need to be arranged multiple, the quantity of setting on the selection by winnowing plate 1 of selection by winnowing part, it is comprehensive Depending on the distance between consideration selection by winnowing plate 1.
Embodiment 2
A kind of selection by winnowing part of the present embodiment, it is similar to Example 1, wherein the difference is that, selection by winnowing plate 1 includes selection by winnowing hole 103, lower plate 101 and middle plate 104, wherein middle plate 104 and lower plate 101 are sequentially connected, and middle plate 104 is equipped with selection by winnowing hole 103.
Middle plate 104 is all very long compared to upper plate 102 and 101 width of lower plate, and the material of middle plate 104 be stainless steel plate or Other can carry the plate of the material of material whereabouts active force, because middle plate 104 carries the active force that material falls.
Embodiment 3
A kind of selection by winnowing part of the present embodiment, it is similar to Example 1, wherein the difference is that, it further include upper plate 102, on Plate 102, middle plate 104 and lower plate 101 are sequentially connected, and the angle between upper plate 102 and middle plate 104 is less than or equal to 180 °, and material is fallen It to the lower edge in selection by winnowing hole 103, by the effect of lower edge, can be scattering on the left of selection by winnowing part, upper plate 102, which plays, keeps out material and dissipate The effect on the left of selection by winnowing part is fallen on, the place other than preventing material from fallen on the left of selection by winnowing part in dropping process keeps scene whole Clean clean, the cleaning of material is realized in being completely separated for material and impurity.
Embodiment 4
A kind of selection by winnowing part of the present embodiment, it is similar to Example 1, wherein the difference is that, it is uniformly provided on middle plate 104 Selection by winnowing hole 103 is divider 105 between two neighboring selection by winnowing hole 103 on middle plate 104.
Embodiment 5
A kind of selection by winnowing part of the present embodiment, it is similar to Example 1, wherein the difference is that, the selection by winnowing hole on middle plate 104 103 size shapes are identical, and the distance between adjacent selection by winnowing hole 103 is equal, i.e. the size shape of divider 105 is identical.
Material is fallen from the top of selection by winnowing plate 1 by gravity, by the divider 105 between adjacent selection by winnowing hole 103 Barrier effect, material is next by stopping to be separated, and is respectively collected in the selection by winnowing hole 103 adjacent with divider 105, from selection by winnowing Fall in hole 103, material whereabouts section be divided into shape similar in 103 shape of selection by winnowing hole, form a branch of beam on vertical direction Material, gap across adjacent selection by winnowing plate 1 falls, and the wind of blower 3 is worn from the gap between adjacent selection by winnowing plate 1 Cross, blown between the gap between adjacent two beams material, wind comes into full contact with material, blow away carried in every beam material it is miscellaneous Matter, because material is gathered into pencil by selection by winnowing hole 103, impurity is mixed in the material of pencil, and the wind that blower 3 is blown is by the beam The impurity in the outside of shape material and close outside blows away (wind-force is not easy excessive herein, otherwise can blow away material), pencil material It is unclean that the impurity that center is mingled with understands some removals, still has partial impurities to be mixed in material center, and material passes through adjacent selection by winnowing Gap between plate 1, center with a small amount of impurity material under fall on another block of selection by winnowing plate 1, on two adjacent selection by winnowing plates 1 The position in selection by winnowing hole 103 mutually stagger, so, a branch of material fallen out of selection by winnowing hole 103 on upper one block of selection by winnowing plate 1, Fall on the divider 105 on the middle plate 104 of next block of selection by winnowing plate 1 between two neighboring selection by winnowing hole 103, this beam material by point The barrier effect of parting bead 105, a branch of material are separated to come from centre, reconfigure, be respectively collected to adjacent with divider 105 Selection by winnowing hole 103 in, at the same time, the position of impurity is also changed in material, the original impurity for being located at material center, via point The barrier effect of parting bead 105 separates from material center, with adjacent material combinations, re-forms a branch of beam material, impurity is located at The wind in the outside of the material beam newly formed, blower 3 is passed through from the gap between adjacent selection by winnowing plate 1, passes through adjacent two beams object Gap between material, comes into full contact with material, and impurity is taken away, and the impurity made comes with feed separation, and material continues to fall, weight Multiple above-mentioned steps, during a branch of beam material falls, material density itself is big, and weight is compared with impurity weight, in dropping process, Material speed is getting faster, in contrast, impurity speed is slower and slower, when blowing air over next, impurity is pulled away along wind direction, Clean material is fallen, and realizes the separation of material and impurity.
Embodiment 6
A kind of selection by winnowing part of the present embodiment, it is similar to Example 1, wherein the difference is that, on the selection by winnowing plate 1 of selection by winnowing part The wind direction that blows of 104 place plane of middle plate and blower 3 it is at an acute angle.
Middle 104 place plane of plate and the wind direction that blower 3 is blown are at an acute angle, the purpose of this design is that for example, wind is from left side After blowing to the right, it will the falling direction for changing material makes material do parabolic motion to the right, and impurity and material ratio It is relatively light, after being brushed by wind, upper direction it can fall afterwards for a period of time to the right, if in the horizontal direction, i.e., blower 3 is blown Wind direction on, the right side of middle 104 place plane of plate lower than middle 104 place plane of plate left side (that is, 104 place plane of middle plate with The wind direction that blower 3 is blown is at obtuse angle), then impurity is to the right, upper direction falls afterwards for a period of time, have slightly with material weight Measuring close impurity (such as the seed and not full grain seed to go mouldy), the distance of upper direction is short to the right, does not reach It before waste-collecting box 5, just falls below selection by winnowing part and is mixed with the material blown clean, lead to doping in clean material Impurity lavishes labor on, waste of resource and time.
Embodiment 7
A kind of selection by winnowing part of the present embodiment, it is similar to Example 1, wherein the difference is that, on the selection by winnowing plate 1 of selection by winnowing part 102 place plane of upper plate and middle 104 place plane of plate at obtuse angle.
After wind is still blown to the right from left side, it will the falling direction for changing material makes material do parabolic to the right Line movement, and impurity is light compared with material, after being brushed by wind, upper direction fall afterwards for a period of time to the right for meeting, in the middle plate When the wind direction that 104 place planes and blower 3 are blown is at an acute angle, in the horizontal direction, i.e., on the wind direction that blower 3 is blown, middle plate 104 The right side of place plane is higher than the left side of middle 104 place plane of plate, then impurity is when moving one section along middle plate to upper right side Between after fall, have the slightly close impurity (such as the seed and not full grain seed to go mouldy) 104 with weight of material Direction, upper direction, 102 place plane of upper plate play the role of guidance, impurity are inducted into waste-collecting box 5, to make to the right It obtains impurity to come with feed separation, being mixed in the impurity in material for small part can be slipped in selection by winnowing hole 103, with unclassified stores It is formed together a branch of beam material, is brushed by blower 3, impurity is disposed.
If 102 place plane of upper plate and middle 104 place plane of plate are at an acute angle, and upper plate 102 will hinder along wind waved direction Gear impurity enters waste-collecting box 5, is blocked back on middle plate 104 instead, as material flows into discharging hopper 4, so, along wind waved side To, 102 place plane of upper plate and middle 104 place plane of plate at obtuse angle, impurity upper direction to the right acts on, upper plate by wind-force 102 place planes play the role of guidance, and impurity is inducted into waste-collecting box 5.
101 place plane of lower plate and middle 104 place plane of plate are less than or equal to 180 °, for example, the wind that blows of blower 3 is from left-hand It blows on the right side, it will the direction for making material fall, toward right avertence, the material positioned at 1 leftmost side of selection by winnowing plate does not fall out 1 left side of selection by winnowing plate Position in addition, the middle plate 104 of selection by winnowing plate 1 and the direction of wind are at an acute angle, so, it is right that material will not fall to selection by winnowing plate 1 Position other than side, in this way since, the impurity in material can be separated smoothly, and will not be scattered in clean material There is impurity.
Embodiment 8
A kind of selection by winnowing part of the present embodiment, it is similar to Example 1, wherein the difference is that, the selection by winnowing plate 1 of selection by winnowing part is mutual Parallel, the distance of neighbouring selection by winnowing plate 1 is identical, and the position in the selection by winnowing hole 103 on two neighbouring selection by winnowing plates 1 is mutual It is staggered.
Selection by winnowing part of the invention, although structure is simple, solve the problems, such as it is all the time insurmountable, i.e., it is mycotic Grain, or the problem of not full grain cannot achieve removing, broken conventional thinking habit, the thought for passing through shunting will Wind comes into full contact with material, removes the impurity in material, realizes and removes mycotic grain, or the mesh of not full grain 's.
Embodiment 9
A kind of wind selection method of selection by winnowing part of the present embodiment, the steps include:
A, the blowing of wind direction selection by winnowing part is carried out in left side;
B, the material of flat waterfall shape is fallen on selection by winnowing plate 1, by the barrier effect of divider 105, respectively from adjacent Selection by winnowing hole 103 in pass through, the material of waterfall shape forms several beam material beams after selection by winnowing plate 1;
C, material beam falls in the gap that two blocks of neighbouring selection by winnowing plates 1 are formed, and the weight ratio impurity of material will weigh, Process in whereabouts, material falling speed is faster than impurity, and impurity is trapped in the gap that two blocks of neighbouring selection by winnowing plates 1 are formed Interior, the wind that blower 3 is blown passes through the gap that two blocks of neighbouring selection by winnowing plates 1 are formed, and comes into full contact with material beam, blows away material The impurity of beam outer ledge, and change the direction that material beam falls to the right;
Wind is blown from left to right, when material and impurity fall, to right avertence, will not be fallen on the place other than selection by winnowing part, be ensure that The separation of clean material and impurity;
D, selection by winnowing plate 1 and the direction of wind are at an acute angle, and impurity is by wind action, along the middle plate 104 of selection by winnowing plate 1, along The direction of upper plate 102, is blown away;
E, material Shu Jixu falls, and the material beam fallen from the selection by winnowing hole 103 of upper one block of selection by winnowing plate 1 is fallen to adjacent Next block of selection by winnowing plate 1 divider 105 on, by the barrier effect of divider 105, respectively out of, adjacent selection by winnowing hole 103 Pass through, upper a branch of material, which is separated, to be come, and is merged in selection by winnowing hole 103 with adjacent divided material beam, is formed new object Expect beam, is also assigned to the outer ledge of new material beam positioned at the impurity of material beam center originally;
F, step C, D and E are repeated, material and impurity are separated;
H, material continues to fall, and falls on the lower section of selection by winnowing part.
Embodiment 10
A kind of selection by winnowing part of the present embodiment, it is similar to Example 1, wherein the difference is that, selection by winnowing plate 1 is rectangle, Closed space is formed convenient for coming the air port of wind on the left of fixation, with selection by winnowing part, so that wind direction concentration is constant, in case material is dispelled It falls.
The shape of selection by winnowing plate 1 is not limited, and is also possible to other shapes, is selected rectangle herein, is mainly in view of rectangular The selection by winnowing plate 1 of shape be convenient for winnowing machine other component secure fit, while also allow for facilitate processing assemble, in selection by winnowing Two broadsides of plate 1 weld, or are fixed on the winnowing machine inside based on selection by winnowing part by bolt and screw hole.
Upper plate 102, middle plate 104 and lower plate 101 on selection by winnowing plate 1 are rectangle, and length is identical, lower plate 101, upper plate 102 and middle plate 104 width it is successively elongated, selection by winnowing hole 103, two neighboring selection by winnowing hole on middle plate 104 are uniformly provided on middle plate 104 It is divider 105 between 103, and 103 size shape of selection by winnowing hole on middle plate 104 is identical, the distance between adjacent selection by winnowing hole 103 Equal, 102 place plane of upper plate and middle 104 place plane included angle of plate are obtuse angle, 102 place of 101 place plane of lower plate and upper plate Plane included angle is less than or equal to 180 °, as shown in Figure 4.
Middle plate 104 is all very long compared to upper plate 102 and 101 width of lower plate, and the material of middle plate 104 be stainless steel plate or Other can carry the plate of the material of material whereabouts active force, because middle plate 104 carries the active force that material falls.
Embodiment 11
A kind of selection by winnowing part of the present embodiment, it is similar to Example 1, wherein the difference is that, selection by winnowing part further includes upper plate 102, upper plate 102, middle plate 104 and lower plate 101 are sequentially connected, and the angle between upper plate 102 and middle plate 104 is less than or equal to 180 °.
In step B and E, material falls on the lower edge in selection by winnowing hole 103, by the effect of lower edge, can be scattering into selection by winnowing part Left side, upper plate 102 play the role of keeping out on the left of material spilling to selection by winnowing part, prevent material from falling on selection by winnowing part in dropping process Place other than left side keeps scene clean and tidy clean, and the cleaning of material is realized in being completely separated for material and impurity.
Embodiment 12
A kind of selection by winnowing part of the present embodiment, it is similar to Example 1, wherein the difference is that, selection by winnowing plate 1 using chamfering and The mode of arc transition, prevents material from falling, and destroys the structure of material, influences the normal process and sale of material.
Embodiment 13
A kind of winnowing machine based on selection by winnowing part, including blower 3, waste-collecting box 5 further include selection by winnowing part, feed hopper 2 and discharging Hopper 4, wherein the lower section of feed hopper 2 is selection by winnowing part, and discharging hopper 4 is located at below selection by winnowing part, and blower 3 is located at selection by winnowing part Left side, the right side of selection by winnowing part are waste-collecting box 5.
Material enters in the winnowing machine based on selection by winnowing part from feed hopper 2, falls on selection by winnowing part, the blower on the left of selection by winnowing part 3 wind blown, the impurity being mingled in material beam is blown in waste-collecting box 5, is fallen in discharging hopper 4 under clean material, pack Cereal shell is not present in material for transportation and sale or processing or storage, and there is no the materials of mildew and not full material, no It will affect material normally to sell.
Frequency converter 301 is connect with blower 3, controls the revolving speed of blower 3, and then control the size of wind, homocline shunts, and three layers are unloaded Material dislocation shunts, and makes full use of wind energy variable speed, effect is obvious;
Material outlet is in flat in feed hopper 2, falls to forming waterfall shape convenient for material, so as to the selection by winnowing plate of selection by winnowing part Waterfall is cut in selection by winnowing hole 103 on 1, but the thickness of waterfall is unsuitable blocked up, in case wind cannot be cleared by whole impurity.
Embodiment 14
A kind of winnowing machine based on selection by winnowing part of the present embodiment, further includes fugitive dust adsorption plant 6, fugitive dust adsorption plant 6 from Top to bottm successively includes uptake 601, fugitive dust filter bag 602 and fugitive dust collection bucket 603.
Embodiment 15
A kind of winnowing machine based on selection by winnowing part of the present embodiment, it is similar to Example 14, wherein the difference is that, collect miscellaneous Case 5 includes filter plate 501, heavy impurity bucket 502, light miscellaneous hopper 503 and fugitive dust outlet 504, and 5 upper left-hand of waste-collecting box is selection by winnowing part, The top of waste-collecting box 5 is composed of filter plate 501, and the lower part of waste-collecting box 5 is successively arranged heavy impurity bucket 502 and light miscellaneous from left to right Hopper 503,5 upper right of waste-collecting box are fugitive dust outlet 504, and fugitive dust outlet 504 is connected to fugitive dust adsorption plant 6.
Filter plate 501 be in order to keep unimpeded with external wind, waste-collecting box 5 be it is rectangular, three faces on 5 top of waste-collecting box are filter Plate 501 is to keep the abundant unimpeded of wind.
Embodiment 16
A kind of winnowing machine based on selection by winnowing part of the present embodiment, it is similar to Example 14, wherein the difference is that, selection by winnowing Part includes selection by winnowing plate 1, and selection by winnowing plate 1 is equipped with selection by winnowing hole 103, the position in the selection by winnowing hole 103 on two neighbouring selection by winnowing plates 1 It mutually staggers.
Embodiment 17
A kind of winnowing machine based on selection by winnowing part of the present embodiment, it is similar to Example 14, wherein the difference is that, selection by winnowing Plate 1 includes selection by winnowing hole 103, lower plate 101 and middle plate 104, wherein middle plate 104 and lower plate 101 are sequentially connected, and middle plate 104 is equipped with Selection by winnowing hole 103.
Embodiment 18
A kind of winnowing machine based on selection by winnowing part of the present embodiment, it is similar to Example 14, wherein the difference is that, middle plate It is uniformly provided with selection by winnowing hole 103 on 104, is divider 105 between two neighboring selection by winnowing hole 103 on middle plate 104.
Embodiment 19
A kind of winnowing machine based on selection by winnowing part of the present embodiment, it is similar to Example 14, wherein the difference is that, selection by winnowing 104 place plane of middle plate on the selection by winnowing plate 1 of part and the wind direction that blower 3 is blown are at an acute angle.
Embodiment 20
A kind of wind selection method of winnowing machine based on selection by winnowing part of the present embodiment, the steps include:
A, blower 3 is opened, blower 3 rotates, and aweather option is dried;
B, material enters from feed hopper 2, lines up waterfall shape, falls on selection by winnowing part;
C, the material of waterfall shape is fallen on selection by winnowing plate 1, by the barrier effect of divider 105, respectively from adjacent selection by winnowing Pass through in hole 103, the material of waterfall shape forms the material of a branch of beam after selection by winnowing plate 1;
D, the wind that blower 3 is blown passes through the gap that adjacent selection by winnowing plate 1 is formed, and comes into full contact with material beam, will be outside material beam The impurity of side periphery is blown away;
Selection by winnowing plate 1 and wind direction are at an acute angle, wind middle plate 102 and upper plate 104 of the impurity along selection by winnowing plate 1, impurity by Wind action is blown in waste-collecting box 5;
E, material Shu Jixu falls, and the material beam fallen from the selection by winnowing hole 103 of upper one block of selection by winnowing plate 1 is fallen to adjacent Next block of selection by winnowing plate 1 divider 105 on, by the barrier effect of divider 105, respectively out of, adjacent selection by winnowing hole 103 Pass through, upper a branch of material, which is separated, to be come, and is merged in selection by winnowing hole 103 with adjacent divided material beam, is formed new object Expect beam, is also assigned to the outer edge of new material beam positioned at the impurity of material beam center originally;
F, step D and step E is repeated;
G, it falls in discharging hopper 4 and is collected under clean material.
Embodiment 21
A kind of winnowing machine based on selection by winnowing part of the present embodiment, it is similar to Example 14, wherein the difference is that, step In C and step E, impurity is blown in waste-collecting box 5, and the impurity of weight is fallen into the heavy impurity bucket 502 of waste-collecting box 5 by gravity Interior, light impurity is fallen into light miscellaneous hopper 503, is collected.
When crop seeds gather in the prior art, it is all made of large-scale combine harvester, so, the material seed gathered in In, the heavier impurity of ratio material itself contained, such as stone and gravel almost without, in material containing mildew or insatiable hunger The light impurity of the ratio material seed such as full seed and husk itself, the present invention in rely on selection by winnowing part effect, formed material beam, Impurity is blown away, by gravity, the impurity of weight (such as seed material and not full seed material etc. of mildew) is first fallen, It is close in waste-collecting box, sort part side setting heavy impurity bucket 502 collect weight impurity, light impurity (such as husk etc.) by Wind action first turns right in waste-collecting box and flies to fall again for a moment, drops into light miscellaneous hopper 503, is collected;Thus will The impurity contained originally in material is collected, and the impurity for realizing light impurity and weight is collected respectively, after being convenient for Phase carries out classification processing, meets environmental protection and sustainable development strategy.
Embodiment 22
A kind of winnowing machine based on selection by winnowing part of the present embodiment, it is similar to Example 14, wherein the difference is that, collect miscellaneous 5 top of case is composed of filter plate 501, and by wind action, impurity is easy the fugitive dust in waste-collecting box 5, and fugitive dust adsorption plant 6 It in the right side of waste-collecting box 5, is connected to waste-collecting box 5, the fugitive dust in waste-collecting box 5 is adsorbed onto fugitive dust adsorption plant 6.
Being brushed the dust in material inevitably by wind can fly upward, during being cleaned, to keep scene Air environment it is clean, fugitive dust adsorption plant 6 is set herein, and fugitive dust adsorption plant 6 collects fugitive dust, in order to avoid form ash Dirt influences air environment, keeps air environment cleaning.
The winnowing machine of the invention based on selection by winnowing part is selected, material removal of impurities speed is fast, per hour can be to 30-50 tons of materials It cleans, it is faster than common de-burring machine speed.
It in the prior art, is magnetic suck-back, suction de-burring machine, for mycotic grain, or not full grain can not It realizes and removes, the present invention breaks conventional thinking habit, and the material that waterfall shape falls is changed to pencil, is sufficiently removed, wherein pressing from both sides Miscellaneous impurity, wind come into full contact with material, and mycotic grain and not full grain are less than normal material density, by wind Effect, it will be blown away, easy to process and sale high by the quality of material after selection by winnowing.
Main component selection by winnowing part of the present invention, although structure is simple, solve the problems, such as it is all the time insurmountable, i.e., it is mould The grain of bacterium disease, or the problem of not full grain cannot achieve removing, broken conventional thinking habit, passed through shunting Thought comes into full contact with wind and material, removes the impurity in material, realizes and removes mycotic grain, or not full grain Purpose.
Schematically the present invention and embodiments thereof are described above, description is not limiting, institute in attached drawing What is shown is also one of embodiments of the present invention, and actual structure is not limited to this.So if the common skill of this field Art personnel are enlightened by it, without departing from the spirit of the invention, are not inventively designed and the technical solution Similar frame mode and embodiment, are within the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of winnowing machine based on selection by winnowing part, including blower (3), waste-collecting box (5), which is characterized in that further include selection by winnowing part, into Expect hopper (2) and discharging hopper (4), wherein the lower section of feed hopper (2) is selection by winnowing part, and discharging hopper (4) is located under selection by winnowing part Side, blower (3) are located at the left side of selection by winnowing part, and the right side of selection by winnowing part is waste-collecting box (5);
It further include fugitive dust adsorption plant (6), fugitive dust adsorption plant (6) successively includes uptake (601), fugitive dust filter bag from top to bottom (602) and fugitive dust collection bucket (603);
The waste-collecting box (5) includes filter plate (501), heavy impurity bucket (502), light miscellaneous hopper (503) and fugitive dust outlet (504), collection Miscellaneous case (5) upper left-hand is selection by winnowing part, and the top of waste-collecting box (5) is composed of filter plate (501), the lower part of waste-collecting box (5) by Left-to-right is successively arranged heavy impurity bucket (502) and light miscellaneous hopper (503), and waste-collecting box (5) upper right is that fugitive dust exports (504), Fugitive dust outlet (504) is connected to fugitive dust adsorption plant (6);
The selection by winnowing part includes selection by winnowing plate (1), and selection by winnowing plate (1) is equipped with selection by winnowing hole (103), two neighbouring selection by winnowing plates (1) position in the selection by winnowing hole (103) on mutually staggers;
Selection by winnowing plate (1) includes selection by winnowing hole (103), lower plate (101) and middle plate (104), wherein middle plate (104) and lower plate (101) according to Secondary connection, middle plate (104) are equipped with selection by winnowing hole (103);
Its wind selection method are as follows:
A, blower (3) are opened, blower (3) rotation, aweather option is dried;
B, material enters from feed hopper (2), lines up waterfall shape, falls on selection by winnowing part;
C, the material of waterfall shape is fallen on selection by winnowing plate (1), by the barrier effect of divider (105), respectively from adjacent selection by winnowing Pass through in hole (103), the material of waterfall shape forms the material beam of several beams after selection by winnowing plate (1);
D, the wind that blower (3) is blown passes through the gap that adjacent selection by winnowing plate (1) is formed, and comes into full contact with material beam, will be outside material beam The impurity of side periphery is blown away;
Selection by winnowing plate (1) and wind direction are at an acute angle, wind middle plate (102) and upper plate (104) of the impurity along selection by winnowing plate (1), impurity By wind action, it is blown in waste-collecting box (5);
E, material Shu Jixu falls, and the material beam fallen from the selection by winnowing hole (103) of upper one block of selection by winnowing plate (1) is fallen to adjacent Next piece of selection by winnowing plate (1) divider (105) on, by the barrier effect of divider (105), respectively from adjacent selection by winnowing hole (103) pass through in, upper a branch of material, which is separated, to be come, and is merged in selection by winnowing hole (103) with adjacent divided material beam, shape The material beam of Cheng Xin is also assigned to the outer edge of new material beam positioned at the impurity of material beam center originally;
F, step D and step E is repeated;
G, it falls in discharging hopper (4) and is collected under clean material.
2. the winnowing machine according to claim 1 based on selection by winnowing part, which is characterized in that uniformly set on the middle plate (104) Have selection by winnowing hole (103), is between two neighboring selection by winnowing hole (103) on middle plate (104) divider (105).
3. the winnowing machine according to claim 1 based on selection by winnowing part, which is characterized in that the blower (3) is in the horizontal direction The wind blown is blown on selection by winnowing part, and plane is from the horizontal by acute angle where the middle plate (104) on the selection by winnowing plate (1) of selection by winnowing part.
4. the winnowing machine according to claim 1 based on selection by winnowing part, which is characterized in that waste-collecting box (5) top is by filtering Plate (501) is composed, and by wind action, impurity is easy in waste-collecting box (5) interior fugitive dust, and fugitive dust adsorption plant (6) is located at collection The right side of miscellaneous case (5), is connected to waste-collecting box (5), and the fugitive dust in waste-collecting box (5) is adsorbed onto fugitive dust adsorption plant (6).
CN201910001588.5A 2016-08-09 2016-08-09 A kind of winnowing machine based on selection by winnowing part Withdrawn CN109499880A (en)

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