CN108990543A - A kind of convenient clip and collection system of high-altitude fruit - Google Patents

A kind of convenient clip and collection system of high-altitude fruit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108990543A
CN108990543A CN201810973356.1A CN201810973356A CN108990543A CN 108990543 A CN108990543 A CN 108990543A CN 201810973356 A CN201810973356 A CN 201810973356A CN 108990543 A CN108990543 A CN 108990543A
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China
Prior art keywords
pipe
male
tubule
averruncator
distaff
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Granted
Application number
CN201810973356.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108990543B (en
Inventor
韩定安
秦晓萌
黎思娜
岑颖珊
林秋萍
曾亚光
王茗祎
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Foshan University
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Foshan University
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Publication of CN108990543A publication Critical patent/CN108990543A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108990543B publication Critical patent/CN108990543B/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D46/00Picking of fruits, vegetables, hops, or the like; Devices for shaking trees or shrubs
    • A01D46/24Devices for picking apples or like fruit
    • A01D46/247Manually operated fruit-picking tools
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D46/00Picking of fruits, vegetables, hops, or the like; Devices for shaking trees or shrubs
    • A01D46/22Baskets or bags attachable to the picker
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D46/00Picking of fruits, vegetables, hops, or the like; Devices for shaking trees or shrubs
    • A01D46/24Devices for picking apples or like fruit
    • A01D46/243Accessories specially adapted for manual picking, e.g. ladders, carts

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Harvesting Machines For Specific Crops (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of convenient clip of high-altitude fruit and collection systems, comprising: buffering pipe collects basket and telescopic averruncator;The connection of one end of the averruncator and buffering pipe, the buffering pipe are connected with basket is collected, and the averruncator is equipped with scissors, shearing property module, extension and contraction control module, casing, riffled tube, male-pipe, tubule and distaff;By the present invention in that with the averruncator with Telescopic and with the buffering pipe of buffer function, realize the free extension averruncator in the case where not interrupting the process of clip fruit, be conducive to win the fruit in high-altitude, the collection of fruit is carried out while clip fruit, it can prevent from fruit from falling from eminence during collection to break, it is easy to operate, it is safe and efficient.

Description

A kind of convenient clip and collection system of high-altitude fruit
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of clip and collection systems, are related to the convenient clip and collection system of a kind of high-altitude fruit.
Background technique
Currently, usually being won using averruncator and overhead fruit picking device when the fruit in high-altitude is won in orchard.For Method is won using averruncator, needing the fruit by clip each time to put collection basket into or be placed on the ground can just re-start It wins next time, efficiency is lower;And overhead fruit picking device is won using the method directly pulled, it is laborious to be easy to make outside fruit simultaneously Skin is impaired.And both of which has that length is inadequate during winning fruit, is unfavorable for picking the fruit in high-altitude.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides the convenient clip and collection system of a kind of high-altitude fruit, can freely change the flexible length of averruncator Degree completes the collection process of fruit while constantly winning fruit.
The solution that the present invention solves its technical problem is: a kind of convenient clip and collection system of high-altitude fruit, packet Include: buffering pipe collects basket and telescopic averruncator;The connection of one end of the averruncator and buffering pipe, the separator tube Road with collect basket be connected, the averruncator be equipped with scissors, shearing property module, extension and contraction control module, casing, riffled tube, Male-pipe, tubule and distaff;
It is equipped with riffled tube in described sleeve pipe, is led between the inner wall of casing and the outer wall of riffled tube equipped with what is be mutually adapted Rail and sliding block, the guide rail are arranged along the axial direction of averruncator;
Male-pipe is equipped in the riffled tube, the riffled tube and male-pipe are threadedly coupled;
The extension and contraction control module is for driving the male-pipe to rotate;
It is equipped with the limiting device that limitation is displaced to axial between the male-pipe and casing, is set in the male-pipe There is tubule;
It is equipped with distaff in the tubule, the key and key being mutually adapted are equipped between the inner wall of tubule and the outer wall of distaff Slot, the keyway are arranged along the axial direction of averruncator;
The bottom end of the tubule is connected with shearing property module, and the shearing property module is for driving the tubule to turn Dynamic, the shearing property module is located at the lower section of limiting device;
The scissors includes the fixed arm, lever arm and reset spring being hinged, the both ends point of the reset spring It is not connected and fixed arm and lever arm, the fixed arm is fixedly connected with riffled tube;The distaff is equipped with winder, the volume Line device is equipped with connecting line, and the extension end of connecting line is connected with the lever arm of scissors;
Shearing property module drive tubule rotation, under the mating reaction of the key and keyway, the distaff with Tubule rotates synchronously, to drive winder to connecting line winding or uncoiling.
Further, the extension and contraction control module includes rotating handle, first gear and second gear, and the second gear is set It sets on male-pipe, the rotating handle is connected with first gear, and the first gear and second gear are stung by gear Conjunction is connected, and the extension and contraction control module is used to for rotating handle horizontal direction to be converted into the rotation of male-pipe vertical direction Turn, the vertical direction is the axial direction of male-pipe, and the horizontal direction is the radial direction of male-pipe.
Further, the inner wall of casing is arranged in the sliding block, and the outer wall of riffled tube, the sliding block is arranged in the guide rail It is cooperatively connected with guide rail.
Further, the limiting device includes limit annulus, and the bottom of male-pipe is arranged in the limit annulus;Limit The inner circle radius value of annulus is less than the inner circle radius value of casing, and the male-pipe is located at the inside of casing, the limit annulus Positioned at the lower section of sleeve bottom;The limit annulus is turned, male-pipe can be driven to rotate.
Further, the inner wall of tubule is arranged in the key, and the outer wall of distaff, the key and keyway is arranged in the keyway It is cooperatively connected.
Further, the shearing property module includes disk, and the bottom of tubule is arranged in the disk, is coaxially connected with tubule It connects, for the radius value of the disk not less than the inner circle radius value of limit annulus, the tubule is located at the inside of male-pipe, described Disk is located at the lower section of limit annulus.
Further, the buffering pipe includes funnel shaped entrance and the channel that is made of two layers of elastic net structure, institute Funnel shaped entrance is stated to be connected with averruncator.
Further, cart is equipped with below the collection basket, the cart uses Athey wheel.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are: by the present invention in that with the averruncator that can be stretched and with the buffering of buffer function Pipeline realizes the free extension averruncator in the case where not interrupting the process of clip fruit, is conducive to the fruit for winning high-altitude, cuts The collection that fruit is carried out while water intaking fruit, can prevent fruit from falling from eminence and break during collection, easy to operate, safety Efficiently.
Detailed description of the invention
To describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, make required in being described below to embodiment Attached drawing is briefly described.Obviously, described attached drawing is a part of the embodiments of the present invention, rather than is all implemented Example, those skilled in the art without creative efforts, can also be obtained according to these attached drawings other designs Scheme and attached drawing.
Fig. 1 is overall structure of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is buffering pipe and high branch shears structure connection schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of casing and rotating handle;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of riffled tube and male-pipe;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of tubule and distaff;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of the first guide rail between casing and riffled tube;
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of the second guide rail between tubule and distaff;
Fig. 8 is the connection schematic diagram of scissors and winder;
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of extension and contraction control module.
Specific embodiment
It is carried out below with reference to technical effect of the embodiment and attached drawing to design of the invention, specific structure and generation clear Chu, complete description, to be completely understood by the purpose of the present invention, feature and effect.Obviously, described embodiment is this hair Bright a part of the embodiment, rather than whole embodiments, based on the embodiment of the present invention, those skilled in the art are not being paid Other embodiments obtained, belong to the scope of protection of the invention under the premise of creative work.In addition, be previously mentioned in text All connection relationships not singly refer to that component directly connects, and referring to can be according to specific implementation situation, by adding or reducing connection Auxiliary, to form more preferably connection structure.Each technical characteristic in the invention, under the premise of not conflicting conflict It can be with combination of interactions.
Embodiment 1, referring to figs. 1 to Fig. 8, a kind of convenient clip and collection system of high-altitude fruit, comprising: buffering pipe 2, Collect basket 3 and telescopic averruncator 1;The averruncator 1 is connect with one end of buffering pipe 2, the buffering pipe 2 and collection Basket 3 is connected, and the averruncator 1 is equipped with scissors 7, shearing property module, extension and contraction control module 4, casing 5, riffled tube 6, outer Screwed pipe 8, tubule 9 and distaff 10;
It is equipped with riffled tube 6 in described sleeve pipe 5, is equipped with and is mutually adapted between the inner wall of casing 5 and the outer wall of riffled tube 6 Guide rail and sliding block, the guide rail along averruncator 1 axial direction setting;
As optimization, the inner wall of casing 5 is arranged in the sliding block, and the outer wall of riffled tube 6 is arranged in the guide rail, described Sliding block and guide rail are cooperatively connected.
Male-pipe 8 is equipped in the riffled tube 6, the riffled tube 6 and male-pipe 8 are threadedly coupled;
The extension and contraction control module 4 is for driving the male-pipe 8 to rotate;
The limiting device that limitation is displaced to axial, the male-pipe 8 are equipped between the male-pipe 8 and casing 5 It is interior to be equipped with tubule 9;
As optimization, the limiting device includes limit annulus 13, and the bottom of male-pipe 8 is arranged in the limit annulus 13 Portion;The inner circle radius value for limiting annulus 13 is less than the inner circle radius value of casing 5, and the male-pipe 8 is located at the inside of casing 5, The limit annulus 13 is located at the lower section of 5 bottom of casing.
It is equipped with distaff 10 in the tubule 9, is equipped between the inner wall of tubule 9 and the outer wall of distaff 10 and to be mutually adapted Key and keyway, the keyway are arranged along the axial direction of averruncator 1;
As optimization, the inner wall of tubule 9 is arranged in the key, and the outer wall of distaff 10, the key is arranged in the keyway It is cooperatively connected with keyway.
As optimization, the key is rectangular spline, and the keyway and the rectangular spline are cooperatively connected.
The bottom end of the tubule 9 is connected with shearing property module, and the shearing property module is for driving the tubule 9 Rotation, the shearing property module are located at the lower section of limiting device;
The scissors 7 includes fixed arm, lever arm and the reset spring being hinged, the both ends of the reset spring It is separately connected fixed arm and lever arm, the fixed arm is fixedly connected with riffled tube 6;The distaff 10 is equipped with winder 11, the winder 11 is equipped with connecting line 12, and the extension end of connecting line 12 is connected with the lever arm of scissors 7;
The shearing property module drive tubule 9 rotates, under the mating reaction of the key and keyway, the distaff 10 It is rotated synchronously with tubule 9, to drive winder 11 to the winding of connecting line 12 or uncoiling.
As optimization, the shearing property module includes disk 14, and the bottom of tubule 9 is arranged in the disk 14, and thin Pipe 9 is coaxially connected, and for the radius value of the disk 14 not less than the inner circle radius value for limiting annulus 13, the tubule 9 is located at outer spiral shell The inside of line pipe 8, the disk 14 are located at the lower section of limit annulus 13.
With reference to Fig. 9, the extension and contraction control module 4 includes rotating handle 41, first gear 42 and second gear 43, and described the Two gears 43 are arranged on male-pipe 8, and the rotating handle 41 is connected with first gear 42, the first gear 42 and the Two gears 43 are connected by engaged gears, and the extension and contraction control module 4 is used to rotate 41 horizontal direction of rotating handle and convert It is rotated at 8 vertical direction of male-pipe, the vertical direction is the axial direction of male-pipe 8, and the horizontal direction is outer spiral shell The radial direction of line pipe 8.
The working principle of the invention:
The telescopic process of averruncator 1: manually controlling rotating handle 41 and rotate, second gear 43 and 42 phase of first gear Mutually occlusion drives male-pipe 8 to rotate, and male-pipe 8 drives riffled tube 6 to rotate.Because being set between riffled tube 6 and casing 5 There are sliding block and guide rail, relative rotation will not occur between riffled tube 6 and casing 5, therefore riffled tube 6 is in male-pipe 8 It under effect, rises vertically, the synchronization of scissors 7 being arranged on riffled tube 6 rises vertically, realizes the elongation of averruncator 1.Together Li Ke get manually controls the rotation of 41 opposite direction of rotating handle, then the retraction of averruncator 1 may be implemented.
It is equipped with limit annulus 13 between male-pipe 8 and casing 5, will not generate and be displaced to axial, tubule 9 and external screw thread It is equipped with disk 14 between pipe 8, will not generate and be displaced to axial, then when riffled tube 6 rises vertically, 8 He of male-pipe Tubule 9 will not rise vertically.
Riffled tube 6 is connected with the fixed arm of scissors 7, and distaff 10 is equipped with winder 11, the company on winder 11 The extension end of wiring 12 is connected with the lever arm of scissors 7, then when riffled tube 6 rises vertically, is drawn by connecting line 12 Distaff 10 rise vertically.Meanwhile riffled tube 6, along when axially declining, scissors 7 will push distaff during declining 10, drive distaff 10 along axial decline.
The process of 1 clip fruit of averruncator: being equipped with key and keyway between tubule 9 and distaff 10, can be manually rotated and be located at carefully The disk 14 of 9 lower section of pipe, under the mating reaction of the key and keyway, tubule 9 drives distaff 10 to rotate together.Distaff 10 During rotation, winder 11 is driven to carry out spiral movement to connecting line 12, connecting line 12 tenses, and connecting line 12 can be to cutting The lever arm of knife 7 has the lower pulling force of an axial direction, which overcomes the elastic force of reset spring, completes the movement of fruit shearing.
Opposite direction rotating circular disk 14, under the mating reaction of the key and keyway, the distaff 10 is synchronous with tubule 9 to be turned Dynamic, so that winder 11 be driven to connect volume to connecting line 12, then the lever arm of scissors 7 loses the lower pulling force, the bullet of reset spring Power resets the lever arm of scissors 7, terminates fruit shear history.
As optimization, the buffering pipe 2 includes funnel shaped entrance and the channel being made of two layers of elastic net structure, The funnel shaped entrance is connected with averruncator 1, and the scissors 7 is located at the top of funnel shaped entrance.
After fruit is successfully won, buffering pipe 2 can be fallen into, enters after buffering pipe 2 and collects basket 3, structure is elasticity The buffering pipe 2 of reticular structure can slow down the speed of whereabouts fruit, avoid fruit from falling in high-altitude and break.
As optimization, cart is equipped with below the collection basket 3, the cart uses Athey wheel.Athey wheel is more advantageous to suitable The landform for answering orchard is conducive to cart and fast moves.
Embodiment 2, a kind of convenient clip and collection system of high-altitude fruit, the difference from embodiment 1 is that utilizing limit Circle of position ring 13 replaces extension and contraction control module 4, to complete the operation that driving male-pipe 8 rotates.
By the present invention in that being realized with the averruncator 1 with Telescopic and the buffering pipe with buffer function 2 not Free extension averruncator 1 in the case where the process of clip fruit is interrupted, is conducive to the fruit for winning high-altitude, while clip fruit The collection for carrying out fruit, can prevent fruit from falling from eminence and break during collection, easy to operate, safe and efficient.
Better embodiment of the invention is illustrated above, but the invention is not limited to the implementation Example, those skilled in the art can also make various equivalent modifications on the premise of without prejudice to spirit of the invention or replace It changes, these equivalent variation or replacement are all included in the scope defined by the claims of the present application.

Claims (8)

1. the convenient clip and collection system of a kind of high-altitude fruit, it is characterised in that: include: buffering pipe, collect basket and can stretch The averruncator of contracting;The connection of one end of the averruncator and buffering pipe, the buffering pipe are connected with basket is collected, the branches of tall trees It cuts and is equipped with scissors, shearing property module, extension and contraction control module, casing, riffled tube, male-pipe, tubule and distaff;
Riffled tube is equipped in described sleeve pipe, be equipped between the inner wall of casing and the outer wall of riffled tube the guide rail being mutually adapted and Sliding block, the guide rail are arranged along the axial direction of averruncator;
Male-pipe is equipped in the riffled tube, the riffled tube and male-pipe are threadedly coupled;
The extension and contraction control module is for driving the male-pipe to rotate;
It is equipped with the limiting device that limitation is displaced to axial between the male-pipe and casing, is equipped in the male-pipe thin Pipe;
It is equipped with distaff in the tubule, the key and keyway being mutually adapted are equipped between the inner wall of tubule and the outer wall of distaff, The keyway is arranged along the axial direction of averruncator;
The bottom end of the tubule is connected with shearing property module, and the shearing property module is used to that the tubule to be driven to rotate, The shearing property module is located at the lower section of limiting device;
The scissors includes the fixed arm, lever arm and reset spring being hinged, and the both ends of the reset spring connect respectively Fixed arm and lever arm are connect, the fixed arm is fixedly connected with riffled tube;The distaff is equipped with winder, the winder It is equipped with connecting line, the extension end of connecting line is connected with the lever arm of scissors;
The shearing property module drive tubule rotation, under the mating reaction of the key and keyway, the distaff and tubule It rotates synchronously, to drive winder to connecting line winding or uncoiling.
2. the convenient clip and collection system of a kind of high-altitude fruit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described flexible Control module includes rotating handle, first gear and second gear, and the second gear is arranged on male-pipe, the rotation Handle is connected with first gear, and the first gear is connected with second gear by engaged gears, the extension and contraction control mould Block is used to for rotating handle horizontal direction being converted into the rotation of male-pipe vertical direction, and the vertical direction is male-pipe Axial direction, the horizontal direction be male-pipe radial direction.
3. the convenient clip and collection system of a kind of high-altitude fruit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the sliding block The inner wall of casing is set, and the outer wall of riffled tube is arranged in the guide rail, and the sliding block and guide rail are cooperatively connected.
4. the convenient clip and collection system of a kind of high-altitude fruit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the limit Device includes limit annulus, and the bottom of male-pipe is arranged in the limit annulus;The inner circle radius value for limiting annulus is less than set The inner circle radius value of pipe, the male-pipe are located at the inside of casing, and the limit annulus is located at the lower section of sleeve bottom;It turns The limit annulus, can drive male-pipe to rotate.
5. the convenient clip and collection system of a kind of high-altitude fruit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the key is set The inner wall in tubule is set, the outer wall of distaff is arranged in the keyway, and the key and keyway are cooperatively connected.
6. the convenient clip and collection system of a kind of high-altitude fruit according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the shearing Control module includes disk, and the bottom of tubule is arranged in the disk, and coaxially connected with tubule, the radius value of the disk is not small In the inner circle radius value of limit annulus, the tubule is located at the inside of male-pipe, and the disk is located at the lower section of limit annulus.
7. the convenient clip and collection system of a kind of high-altitude fruit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the buffering Pipeline includes funnel shaped entrance and the channel that is made of two layers of elastic net structure, the funnel shaped entrance and averruncator phase Connection.
8. the convenient clip and collection system of a kind of high-altitude fruit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the collection Basket lower section is equipped with cart, and the cart uses Athey wheel.
CN201810973356.1A 2018-08-24 2018-08-24 Convenient shearing and collecting system for high-altitude fruits Active CN108990543B (en)

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CN109699292A (en) * 2019-03-15 2019-05-03 合肥工业大学 A kind of fruit picker
CN111226587A (en) * 2020-03-17 2020-06-05 周家琼 Fruit picking method
CN111436280A (en) * 2020-04-07 2020-07-24 周家琼 Shipping equipment for orange picking and orange picking method

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CN111226587A (en) * 2020-03-17 2020-06-05 周家琼 Fruit picking method
CN111436280A (en) * 2020-04-07 2020-07-24 周家琼 Shipping equipment for orange picking and orange picking method
CN111436280B (en) * 2020-04-07 2021-08-13 广东丰采农业科技有限公司 Shipping equipment for orange picking and orange picking method

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