Can clean kitchen garbage solid-liquid separation equipment
The invention relates to the technical field of solid-liquid separation equipment, in particular to a solid-liquid separation device capable of cleaning kitchen waste.
Kitchen waste, commonly known as swill, also known as swill and hogwash, is a domestic waste formed in the process of domestic consumption by residents, is extremely easy to rot and deteriorate, emits foul smell, and spreads bacteria and viruses. The main components of the kitchen waste comprise rice and flour food residues, vegetables, animal and vegetable oil, meat and bones and the like, and the kitchen waste is chemically composed of starch, cellulose, protein, lipid and inorganic salt, and is mainly characterized by rich organic matter content, high water content, easy decay, bad influence on environmental sanitation caused by properties and smell, and easy growth of harmful substances such as pathogenic microorganisms, mycotoxin and the like.
Traditional kitchen garbage solid-liquid separation equipment exists following not enough:
in order to facilitate the later management of the kitchen waste, the kitchen waste needs to be classified, namely, the kitchen waste is subjected to solid-liquid separation operation, the traditional solid-liquid separation mode mostly adopts direct filtration and centrifugation, but the traditional direct filtration and centrifugation methods are not suitable for solid-liquid separation of the kitchen waste, because the kitchen waste has various types and high viscosity of the mixture, the solid-liquid separation operation is difficult to complete by direct filtration, although the centrifugal filter has better effect than the direct filter, the viscosity of the mixture in the centrifugal filter is high, so that the solid-liquid separation operation can not be carried out on the kitchen waste in the central part, meanwhile, the traditional kitchen waste solid-liquid separation device is not provided with an internal cleaning component of the separation device, so that the kitchen waste solid-liquid separation device is inconvenient to clean, the device is not maintained, and the service life of the kitchen waste solid-liquid separation device is short.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a solid-liquid separation device capable of cleaning kitchen waste, and aims to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a solid-liquid separation device capable of cleaning kitchen waste comprises a separation device body, wherein the separation device body comprises a base, a bottom plate, a separation box and a feed inlet, a liquid storage box is fixedly mounted at the upper end of the base, a liquid discharge pipe is arranged on one side of the base, one end of the liquid discharge pipe is connected with a liquid discharge port of the liquid storage box, a water tank is arranged on one side of the liquid storage box, a water pump is arranged on the water tank, a butterfly valve is arranged on the liquid storage box, a control panel of the butterfly valve is arranged between the liquid discharge pipe and the liquid storage box, stand columns are arranged on the periphery of the liquid storage box and are symmetrically distributed in a line axis manner compared with the center of the base, a bottom plate is arranged at the upper end of each stand column, the separation box is fixedly connected at the upper end of the bottom plate, the feed inlet is arranged on one side of the upper end of the separation box, a separation piece is arranged in the separation box, a brush outlet is arranged at the middle position on the bottom plate of the separation piece, and a plurality of spray nozzles are uniformly arranged below the bottom plate block of the separation piece, the water tank is connected with the spray head through a water pump, a gear is arranged on the brush outlet, a first motor is arranged on the gear, racks fixedly connected with a bottom plate block of the separating part are arranged on two sides of the gear, a second motor is arranged in the separating part and fixedly connected with the separating part through a fixing block, a telescopic push rod is connected to the second motor, a brush plate is connected to the lower portion of the telescopic push rod through a connecting rod, and a brush is arranged on the lower portion of the brush plate.
Preferably, the equal fixed connection support plate in bottom plate both sides, be provided with the motor protective housing on the support plate, the inside fixed mounting of motor protective housing has motor and shaft coupling, the motor output passes through the drive shaft and rotates the connection shaft coupling input, the shaft coupling output rotates the connection driving shaft, motor protective housing one side is provided with the worm wheel protective housing, the inside worm wheel that is equipped with of worm wheel protective housing, the worm wheel middle part is equipped with the round hole, driving shaft one end is passed round hole and worm wheel fixed connection, worm wheel one side is equipped with the lead screw, the lead screw surface is equipped with the screw thread, the worm wheel outer lane is equipped with the latch, and the latch is connected with thread meshing, be connected with the fixed plate on the lead screw, the fixed roof that is connected with the fixed plate that is provided with in separator upper end.
Preferably, the bottom plate upper end is rotated through the hinge and is connected the filter, be equipped with the rubbish layer between the lower terminal surface of filter and separator, the rubbish layer is filled with rubbish, fixed mounting has the waterproof layer between filter and the bottom plate, waterproof in situ fixed mounting has first promotion cylinder, first promotion cylinder upper end is connected to the filter through first promotion gas pole, base one side fixed mounting has second promotion cylinder, and second promotion cylinder upper end is installed two second promotion gas poles, second promotion gas pole one end connection flashboard, flashboard and separator lateral wall sliding connection.
Preferably, the rotation angle range of the filter plate is from degree to degree.
Preferably, a groove is formed in the fixed plate, a rotating piece is rotatably connected in the groove, and the rotating piece is connected with the lead screw.
Preferably, the lower end of the filter plate is provided with a grid plate.
Preferably, the separation device body is made of carbon steel material.
Preferably, the support plate is equipped with the aperture with the lead screw junction, and the internal diameter of aperture is greater than the external diameter of lead screw, motor protective housing both sides all are equipped with the louvre.
Preferably, the top plate has a cross-sectional area larger than that of the separating member.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the invention, the worm wheel screw lifting devices are additionally arranged on the two sides of the separation box to serve as pressing force sources, so that the separation piece is driven to extrude the garbage layer, the solid-liquid separation operation is completed, and the solid-liquid separation efficiency is high.
2. According to the invention, the two pushing cylinders and the pushing gas rod are arranged, so that solid garbage after solid-liquid separation can be conveniently collected, the liquid storage tank is additionally arranged, so that liquid garbage after solid-liquid separation can be conveniently collected, and compared with the traditional solid-liquid separation equipment, the device has the advantages of more reasonable design and high separation efficiency.
3. The invention is convenient for cleaning after solid-liquid separation of garbage through the brushes arranged in the separating piece and the plurality of spray heads uniformly arranged under the bottom plate block of the separating piece, so that the interior of the invention is clean and not easy to be polluted by the garbage, the maintenance of the device is realized, and the service life of the invention is better prolonged.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a solid-liquid separation device capable of cleaning kitchen waste according to the invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of a motor protection shell of the device for separating solid from liquid in kitchen waste;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the internal structure of a worm gear protection shell of the device for separating solid from liquid in kitchen waste;
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of the internal structure of a separation box of the solid-liquid separation device capable of cleaning kitchen waste, provided by the invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic side structure view of a separation box of the solid-liquid separation device for cleaning kitchen waste according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the internal structure of a fixing plate of the solid-liquid separation device for cleaning kitchen waste according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of a filter plate of the kitchen waste solid-liquid separation device capable of cleaning the kitchen waste according to the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of a separating element of the solid-liquid separating device capable of cleaning kitchen waste.
In the figure: 1. a separation device body; 2. a base; 3. a column; 4. a base plate; 5. a separation tank; 6. a carrier plate; 7. a motor protection shell; 8. a motor; 9. a drive shaft; 10. a coupling; 11. a drive shaft; 12. a worm gear protective housing; 13. a screw rod; 14. a thread; 15. a circular hole; 16. a worm gear; 17. a separating member; 18. a top plate; 19. a fixing plate; 20. a feed inlet; 21. a liquid storage tank; 22. a butterfly valve; 23. a liquid discharge pipe; 24. a hinge; 25. a filter plate; 26. a waste layer; 27. a waterproof layer; 28. a first push air lever; 29. a first push cylinder; 30. a second push cylinder; 21. a second push air rod; 32. a shutter plate; 33. a rotating member; 34. a grid plate; 35. a water tank; 36. a water pump; 171. a brush outlet; 172. a gear; 173. a rack; 174. a first motor; 175. brushing the board; 176. a brush; 177. a telescopic push rod; 178. a connecting rod; 179. a second motor; 1710. a fixed block; 1711. and (4) a spray head.
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
A solid-liquid separation device capable of cleaning kitchen waste comprises a separation device body 1, wherein the separation device body 1 comprises a base 2, a bottom plate 4, a separation box 5 and a feeding hole 20, a liquid storage box 21 is fixedly installed at the upper end of the base 2, a liquid discharge pipe 23 is arranged on one side of the base 2, one end of the liquid discharge pipe 23 is connected with a liquid discharge port of the liquid storage box 21, a water tank 35 is arranged on one side of the liquid storage box 21, a water pump 36 is arranged on the water tank 35, a butterfly valve 22 is arranged on the liquid storage box 21, a control panel of the butterfly valve 22 is arranged between the liquid discharge pipe 23 and the liquid storage box 21, stand columns 3 are arranged around the liquid storage box 21, the stand columns 3 are all distributed in a line axis symmetry mode compared with the center of the base 2, the bottom plate 4 is arranged at the upper end of each stand column 3, the separation box 5 is fixedly connected with the upper end of the bottom plate 4, the feeding hole 20 is arranged on one side of the upper end of the separation box 5, a separation member 17 is arranged in the separation box 5, a brush outlet 171 is arranged at the middle position on the bottom plate of the separation member 17, evenly be provided with a plurality of shower nozzles 1711 under separator 17 bottom plate piece, shower nozzle 1711 is connected through water pump 36 to water tank 35, be provided with gear 172 on going out brush mouth 171, be provided with first motor 174 on the gear 172, gear 172 both sides are provided with the rack 173 with separator 17 bottom plate piece rigid coupling, be provided with second motor 179 in the separator 17, second motor 179 passes through fixed block 1710 rigid coupling in separator 17, be connected with flexible push rod 177 under the second motor 179, connect brush board 175 through connecting rod 178 under the flexible push rod 177, all with being provided with brush 176 under brush board 175.
4 equal fixed connection support plates 6 in both sides of bottom plate, be provided with motor protective housing 7 on support plate 6, the inside fixed mounting of motor protective housing 7 has motor 8 and shaft coupling 10, the input of shaft coupling 10 is rotated through drive shaft 9 to the motor 8 output, shaft coupling 10 output rotates and connects driving shaft 11, motor protective housing 7 one side is provided with worm wheel protective housing 12, the inside worm wheel 16 that is equipped with of worm wheel protective housing 12, worm wheel 16 middle part is equipped with round hole 15, driving shaft 11 one end is passed round hole 15 and worm wheel 16 fixed connection, worm wheel 16 one side is equipped with lead screw 13, lead screw 13 surface is equipped with screw 14, the 16 outer lane of worm wheel is equipped with the latch, the latch is connected with screw 14 meshing, be connected with fixed plate 19 on the lead screw 13, the fixed roof 18 that is connected with fixed plate 19 that is provided with in separator 17 upper end.
In order to facilitate the discharge of solid-state rubbish, bottom plate 4 upper end is passed through hinge 24 and is rotated and connect filter 25, be equipped with rubbish layer 26 between the lower terminal surface of filter 25 and separator 17, rubbish layer 26 is filled with rubbish, fixed mounting has waterproof layer 27 between filter 25 and the bottom plate 4, fixed mounting has first promotion cylinder 29 in the waterproof layer 27, first promotion cylinder 29 upper end is connected to filter 25 through first promotion gas pole 28, 2 one side fixed mounting of base has second promotion cylinder 30, two second promotion gas poles 31 are installed to second promotion cylinder 30 upper end, flashboard 32 is connected to second promotion gas pole 31 one end, flashboard 32 and 5 lateral walls sliding connection of separator box.
For better discharge of the garbage, the filter plate 25 is rotated in an angle ranging from 10 to 40 degrees.
The fixed plate 19 is provided with a groove, the groove is connected with a rotating part 33 in a rotating mode, and the lower portion of the rotating part 33 is connected with the screw rod 13.
For better filtering and separating solid garbage and liquid garbage, the lower end of the filter plate 25 is provided with a grating plate 34.
In order to improve the performance, the separator body 1 is made of carbon steel.
In order to facilitate better heat dissipation of the motor 8, a small hole is formed in the joint of the support plate 6 and the screw rod 13, the inner diameter of the small hole is larger than the outer diameter of the screw rod 13, and heat dissipation holes are formed in two sides of the motor protection shell 7.
The top plate 18 has a larger sectional area than the separating member 17.
The working principle is as follows: the invention has the characteristics of high separation efficiency and low energy consumption, firstly, the motor 8 is started in a forward direction, the drive shaft 9 drives the coupler 10 to drive the drive shaft 11 to rotate in a forward direction, the worm wheel 16 is driven to rotate, the lead screw 13 rises, the separating piece 17 rises along with the rising, kitchen waste is put into the feed inlet 20, the waste enters the waste layer 26, then, the motor 8 is started in a reverse direction, the drive shaft 9 drives the coupler 10 to drive the drive shaft 11 to rotate in a reverse direction, the worm wheel 16 rotates in a reverse direction, the lead screw 13 descends, the separating piece 17 descends along with the descending, the waste is fully extruded by the filter plate 25, liquid waste leaks from the grating plate 34 and naturally falls into the liquid storage tank 21, the circulation or the disconnection of the liquid discharge pipe 23 is realized by opening or closing the butterfly valve 22, after the extrusion is finished, the forward starting motor 8 lifts the separating piece 17, the second pushing cylinder 30 is opened, the second pushing air rod 31 is pushed to drive the gate plate 32 to move upwards, the first pushing air cylinder 29 is opened again to push the first pushing air rod 28, so that the filter plate 25 is pushed out, the rotation of the filter plate 25 around the hinge 24 is realized, the garbage is dumped from the separation box 5, the collection of solid-liquid kitchen garbage is completed, after the garbage is dumped from the separation box 5, water is in the water tank, the water is ejected from the spray head through the water pump to clean the filter plate 25, meanwhile, the first motor 174 is started, so that the first motor 174 drives the gear 172 to rotate, the gear 172 moves along the direction of the rack 173, at the moment, the gear 172 moves to one end of the brush outlet 171, then the second motor 179 and the second telescopic push rod 177 are controlled to start, the telescopic push rod 177 extends until the brush 176 contacts the filter plate 25, the second motor 179 drives the brush 175 to rotate, so that the brush 176 under the brush 175 rotates to scrub the filter plate 25, and the cleaning after the solid-liquid separation of the garbage is convenient, the interior of the device is clean and not easy to be polluted by garbage, the maintenance of the device is realized, and meanwhile, the service life of the device is also better prolonged.
It is noted that, herein, relational terms such as first and second, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.