CN108781990A - A kind of burmannii fast-growing High-quality Cultivation method - Google Patents

A kind of burmannii fast-growing High-quality Cultivation method Download PDF

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CN108781990A
CN108781990A CN201811015920.5A CN201811015920A CN108781990A CN 108781990 A CN108781990 A CN 108781990A CN 201811015920 A CN201811015920 A CN 201811015920A CN 108781990 A CN108781990 A CN 108781990A
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burmannii
seedling
seed
transplanting
seedbed
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张亮
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张亮
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • A01C1/08Immunising seed
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N63/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing microorganisms, viruses, microbial fungi, animals or substances produced by, or obtained from microorganisms, viruses, microbial fungi or animals, e.g. enzymes or fermentates
    • A01N63/10Animals; Substances produced thereby or obtained therefrom
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/08Magnoliopsida [dicotyledons]
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/08Magnoliopsida [dicotyledons]
    • A01N65/22Lamiaceae or Labiatae [Mint family], e.g. thyme, rosemary, skullcap, selfheal, lavender, perilla, pennyroyal, peppermint or spearmint
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/08Magnoliopsida [dicotyledons]
    • A01N65/28Myrtaceae [Myrtle family], e.g. teatree or clove
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/40Liliopsida [monocotyledons]
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N65/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing material from algae, lichens, bryophyta, multi-cellular fungi or plants, or extracts thereof
    • A01N65/40Liliopsida [monocotyledons]
    • A01N65/48Zingiberaceae [Ginger family], e.g. ginger or galangal
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B1/00Superphosphates, i.e. fertilisers produced by reacting rock or bone phosphates with sulfuric or phosphoric acid in such amounts and concentrations as to yield solid products directly
    • C05B1/02Superphosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05CNITROGENOUS FERTILISERS
    • C05C1/00Ammonium nitrate fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G5/00Fertilisers characterised by their form
    • C05G5/20Liquid fertilisers

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of burmannii quick-growing cultivation methods, include the following steps:1)Burmannii initial point selection and Stratificated treatment;2)Make seedbed and seed disinfection, vernalization and sowing;3)Seedbed management;4)Make artemisia annua between transplanting burmannii seedling simultaneously;5)Field management and the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control;6)Transplanting is out of the garden;The invention by burmannii and artemisia annua intercropping plant nursery, reduce burmannii seedling stage insect pest, improve burmannii root system disease resistance;By innovating burmannii method for treating seeds, percentage of seedgermination and seedling robustness are improved;Nutrition base fertilizer is made by oneself by application, and high-quality nutrition foundation is provided for burmannii quick-growing cultivation;The final burmannii nursery stock using the plantation of the technology of the present invention route, pest and disease damage is substantially reduced, and output of seedling and seedling quality are promoted per acre.

Description

A kind of burmannii fast-growing High-quality Cultivation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to forestry cultivation field more particularly to a kind of burmannii fast-growing High-quality Cultivation methods.
Background technology
Burmannii(Cinnamomum burmannii)Belong to the aiphyllium of Lauraceae Cinnamomum, sets height up to more than ten meters, the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground reaches 30cm or more.Bark is smooth, taupe to dark brown, and endothelium is red, and taste is like Chinese cassia tree.Branch is very thin, green or breen, and tool is vertical Hairless to stria, ornamental value is high, is novel Landscape Trees.It is distributed in Guangdong, Guangxi, Jiangxi, Fujian, Zhejiang The provinces and cities such as river, Hubei and Guizhou, be born in sparse woods, thick forest or shrubbery or small stream wing by etc., 100-1400 meters of height above sea level.Happiness sun Light likes warm heat moist climate and fertile moist soil.Often it is born in place of fertile, the loose, moistening without ponding.Natural seeding power is strong, Maternal plant nearby often has wild seedling growth.Wide adaptation range, middle subtropical zone areas to the south can well-growns.
Burmannii timber has gloss greenwood and has Chinese cassia tree fragrance, disappears after dry, and the straight structure of the slightly sweet texture of flavour is thin, uniform rigidity and Weight is medium.Processing performance is good, suitable for making furniture, building and interior decoration, vehicle, ship, sleeper, farm implements, machine mould, carving Quarter, turner, sports apparatus and stationery etc..Bark hyoscine and fragrance are used.This seeds aromatic oil aldehyde ketone content is higher, is widely used in Perfume industry and medical industry.Leaf is used as medicine, acrid flavour, and gas is fragrant, can wind-dispelling.Aromatic oil, quotient can be obtained through refining after bark, leaf, root distillation The name of an article is wide oil of bay or wide bay leaves oil, content 0.2%-0.3%.Wide oil of bay is used for food flavor, is also used for fragrance for detergents or makeup Product, wide bay leaves oil are then used for cosmetic essence.Burmannii tree crown umbrella shape or nearly spheroidal, strain state are graceful.Preferably make flower garden and roadside trees Urban path tree, highway both sides greening tree.Burmannii has stronger resistance to chlorine and sulfur dioxide, is ideal anti- Dirty green tree species.
The insect pest of burmannii has camphor tree swallowtail butterfly, camphor tree pipe thrips, burmannii wood louse, Aleurocanthus spiniferus, red spider, grub, black cutworm etc., Existing leaf-feeding, sucking, borer pest among them, also there is subterranean pest-insect, some have had resulted in big harm;Wherein camphor tree Swallowtail butterfly hazard approach is by larval feeding tender leaf, and camphor tree pipe thrips is sucking pest, and grub, black cutworm are subterranean pest-insects; Insect pest distributed areas are wide, cause harm big.The lighter insect pest of some original harm has the tendency that seriously occurring in recent years, directly affects The normal growth of burmannii destroys afforestation landscape, and constitutes and seriously threaten to the safety of large area burmannii resource.Disease It is mainly that easily initiation dead seedling and the seedling growth such as powdery mildew, damping-off, yellows, leaf spot are bad in seedling stage, to nursery stock production It constitutes a threat to;It is few compared with insect pest in growth period disease, but disease, once occurring, the degree that causes harm, consequence are often tighter than insect pest Weight.The mode of current main prevention pest and disease damage is carried out by trimming the method at aggrieved position and chemical prevention, is not only increased Add cost, and reduces quality;Exploring a kind of sustainable prevention and control measure of ecological, environmental protective, therefore, it has become burmannii pest and disease damages The field urgently carried out is administered in research.
Artemisia annua(Artemisia annua Linn. ), it is composite family artemisia annual herb plant.Plant has strong Volatile aroma, root Dan Sheng, the high 100-200cm of stem, multi-branched, leaf papery, flower buff, achene is small, and ellipticity is oval, slightly It is flat, the flowering fruit bearing stage 8-11 months.It is distributed in Chinese whole area, and Europe, the temperate zone in Asia, frigid zone and subtropical zone, habitat adapts to Property is strong;Eastern China, the growth of southern provinces and regions by the road, wasteland, hillside, border etc.;Other provinces and regions are also grown in grassland, forest Grassland, koris, half-desert and gravel matter hillside fields etc., also see on saliferous soil.Artemisia annua is used as medicine, and is made heat-clearing, relieving summer-heat, is cut Malaria, cool blood are used, and are also made externally applied drug, also be can be used as fragrance, animal feeding-stuff.Artemisia annua contains volatile oil, and containing qinghaosu, flavonoids Compound etc..It is the compound preparation of raw material by the World Health Organization using qinghaosu in recent years due to the drug resistance of chemical synthetic drug Recommend to be used as a line antimalarial, unique raw material medicinal material of the artemisia annua as extraction qinghaosu, wide market.Artemisia annua at present Plantation research is concentrated mainly on application rate, planting density, base manure type and top dressing, harvesting etc. and contains to Yield of Artemisia annua L and qinghaosu In the influence of amount, to being carried out with nursery stock seedling intercropping etc. using artemisia annua growth characteristics itself and its secretory substance The also rare open report of research.
Invention content
To solve the problems in the background art, the present invention proposes a kind of burmannii fast-growing High-quality Cultivation method, not only carries High burmannii percentage of seedgermination and seedling resistant to diseases and insects, and the nursery stock obtained is superior to traditional the moon in plant height and ground diameter Fragrant method for culturing seedlings.
A kind of burmannii fast-growing High-quality Cultivation method proposed by the present invention, which is characterized in that include the following steps:
A kind of burmannii fast-growing High-quality Cultivation method, which is characterized in that include the following steps:
1)Burmannii initial point selection and Stratificated treatment:First Year early November selects the healthy and strong elite stand of no disease and pests harm, in burmannii berry In collecting fruit when atropurpureus, the berry adopted back is impregnated 3-4 days with 26-30 DEG C of warm water, is then rubbed with the hands using square hole plastic screen Wash away and remove pericarp, then 12-14h is impregnated with weakly alkaline solution, pull out clean dry in the shade after be positioned in 2-4 DEG C of refrigerator and carry out cryosphere Product processing waits for that the next spring is sowed;
2)Make seedbed and seed disinfection, vernalization and sowing:Second year 2-3 months, selection is on the sunny side, soil layer is deep, have abundant water resources, Draining is good, sandy loams or loam plot of the pH between 6.0-7.0 are seedling cultivation bed as burmannii, ploughs deeply seedbed plot 30cm, Spread fertilizer over the fields self-control nutrition base fertilizer, dosage 2100-2300kg/667m2;It then makes width 1.2m, high 20cm and is spaced the seedbed of 30cm, Thereafter soil with 20-25kg bacterium spirit carries out sterilizing per acre;Seed carries out disinfection before sowing is handled with vernalization, will be handled well The sowing of burmannii seed using trench digging drilling method sowing, ditch line-spacing 10-15cm, and seed level 2-3cm sows 10-12kg, broadcast per acre Earthing 3-4cm after kind, and drench sufficient water;
3)Seedbed management:It waters according to the principle frequently poured is poured less, other management measures are the same as general burmannii seedbed;
4)Make artemisia annua between transplanting burmannii seedling simultaneously:It waits for that seedbed seedling grows 2-3 to true leaf, when height of seedling 4-5cm, carries out for the first time It transplants seedlings:Select aperture 45mm, the depth hole 50mm, 70mm seedlings nursing plate, seedling is entered in disk cave with soil mud, the seed plate for having moved seedling is set Under sunshade net, water and fertilizer management is concentrated, keeps humidity of trying to get to the heart of a matter, sprays within every 7 days self-control nutrient solution 1 time;After managing 20-30d concentratedly It is transplanted seedlings for the second time, spreads fertilizer over the fields self-control nutrition base fertilizer 1600-1700kg before transplanting per acre;Burmannii is transplanted by wide-and narrow-row intercropping mode Seedling and make artemisia annua:Wide row width 2.5m, spacing in the rows 10cm is pressed per wide row, and line-spacing 20cm transplants 11 row burmannii seedlings between two parties;Narrow row Width 1m presses line-spacing 50cm 2 row artemisia annuas of drilling placed in the middle per narrow row, per acre artemisia annua sowing quantity 120-140g;
5)Field management and the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Burmannii seedling is shaded in 7 days with sunshade net after transplanting seedlings for the second time, after artemisia annua emergence Timely thinning final singling, manages burmannii seedling and artemisia annua according to Routine Management measure thereafter;
6)Transplanting is out of the garden:Annual burmannii seedling is carried out third time transplanting by the spring in third year, and transplanting seeding row spacing is 50-60cm, is moved Band foot soil when cultivation, and trim a small amount of weak branch;Primary lateral bud of extracing respectively is carried out in June and October to operate;Thereafter Routine Management, With the sale that waits being out of the garden.
The step 1)Middle weakly alkaline solution refers to 10% vegetation buck or 2% limewash or 5% soda water.
The step 2)Middle seed carry out disinfection with vernalization handle the specific steps are:
A, seed disinfection:The seed for completing Stratificated treatment is put into the liquor potassic permanganate of 0.1-0.2% concentration and impregnates 2-3h, Again with 50% sodium chlorate, 50 times of solution seed soaking 2-3h, sterile water wash seed is then used 3-4 times;
B, seed soak is prepared:Take the folium eucalypti of certain part by weight, the purple valve stem of noble dendrobium, Moschus benevolence, motherwort, pipewort, Herba Epimedii, Campanulaceae is ground in one's early teens;The distilled water of 10 times of mentioned component total weight is added, 30-32 DEG C is impregnated 4 days, then with 600 mesh Leaching liquid is obtained after crocus cloth filtering, the 1/3 of former leaching liquid is concentrated into Rotary Evaporators reduction vaporization later, leaching must be concentrated Liquid;Compound sodium nitrophenolate is added in concentrating leaching liquid to its a concentration of 40-50ppm, obtains seed soak;
C, presprouting of seeds:Seed after the completion of disinfection is immersed in seed soak, soak is placed in ultrasonic cleaner and exists It is ultrasonically treated 2-4h at 60Hz, 25-28 DEG C, then takes out and dries.
The step 2), step 4)Middle self-control nutrition base fertilizer ingredient is by weight:Cattle and sheep excrement 65-75, rape cake 15- 25, sesame-send cake 3-7, cotton seed hulls 4-8, potassium fulvate 3-4, weathered coal 8-10, microbial bacterial agent 3-7, ammonium nitrate 5-7, ammonium sulfate 2-4, sweet potato vine 3-7, bagasse 3-5, silkworm excrement 2-4, pond crayfish shell 4.5-5.5, kelp head 4-7, sodium sulphate 2-3, ammonium dihydrogen phosphate 3-5, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 3.5-4.5.
The step 4)Middle self-control nutrient composition is by weight:Ammonium nitrate 4.5-5.5, tryptophan 0.5-0.8, phosphorus is crossed Sour calcium 2-4, zinc sulfate 0.8-1.2, manganese sulfate 0.6-1.0, potassium nitrate 2.5-3.5, ferrous sulfate 1.0-1.4, ammonium molybdate 0.5- 0.8 part, borax 1.5-2.5, Acidic Bentonite 5-8, polyvinyl alcohol 2-5, water 1400-1600.
Folium eucalypti, the purple valve stem of noble dendrobium, Moschus benevolence, motherwort, pipewort, Herba Epimedii, campanulaceae, weight in one's early teens in the step b Measuring part is respectively:8-10 parts, 7-10 parts, 4-6 parts, 3-7 parts, 6-9 parts, 4-7 parts, 8-11 parts, 2-5 parts.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
1, the invention by burmannii and artemisia annua intercropping plant nursery, by using in artemisia annua growth and development process points The benefit materials secreted reduce burmannii seedling stage insect pest, improve burmannii root system disease resistance;
2, by innovating burmannii method for treating seeds, the method being combined using multiple biological activities leaching liquid and ultrasonication Break burmannii seed dormancy, improves percentage of seedgermination and seedling robustness;
3, nutrition base fertilizer is made by oneself by application, high-quality nutrition supply is provided for burmannii quick-growing cultivation;By spraying self-control nutrition Liquid makes burmannii seedling obtain enough nutrition and trace element during transplanting, improves seedling resistance;
The burmannii nursery stock planted using the technology of the present invention route, pest and disease damage is substantially reduced, and output of seedling and seedling quality are equal per acre It is promoted, the transplant survival after being lays good basis, has higher industrial value.
Specific implementation mode
The present invention is described in detail with reference to specific embodiment, it should be appreciated that embodiment is served only for illustrating this hair It is bright, rather than for limiting the invention, any modification made on the basis of the present invention, equivalent replacement etc. are in this hair In bright protection domain.
Embodiment 1
In November, 2014, to verify advantageous effect of the present invention, research team is in woods section of Boluo County of Guangdong Province institute's seeling industry base Technology path using the present invention cultivates burmannii, and detailed step is as follows:
1)Burmannii initial point selection and Stratificated treatment:In early November, 2014 selects the 25-40's of the domestic no disease and pests harm in Boluo County Healthy and strong elite stand, the collecting fruit when burmannii berry is in atropurpureus, the berry adopted back are impregnated 3-4 days with 26-30 DEG C of warm water, are then made Wash removal pericarp by rubbing with the hands with square hole plastic screen, then with 10% plant ash aqueous solution soaking 13h degreasings, pull out clean dry in the shade after put It is placed in 2-4 DEG C of refrigerator and carries out cold stratification, wait for that the next spring is sowed;
2)Make seedbed and seed disinfection, vernalization and sowing:2-3 months in 2015, selection is on the sunny side, soil layer is deep, have abundant water resources, The sandy loam plot that draining is good, pH is 6.5 is seedling cultivation bed as burmannii, before sowing, ploughs deeply seedbed plot 30cm, spreads fertilizer over the fields self-control Nutrition base fertilizer, dosage 2200kg/667m2, base manure ingredient is by weight:Cattle and sheep excrement 70, rape cake 20, sesame-send cake 5, cotton seed hulls 6, Potassium fulvate 3.5, weathered coal 9, microbial bacterial agent 5, ammonium nitrate 6, ammonium sulfate 3, sweet potato vine 5, bagasse 4, silkworm excrement 3, pond crayfish shell 5, kelp head 5.5, sodium sulphate 2.5, ammonium dihydrogen phosphate 4, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 4;Width 1.2m, high 20cm are then made, 30cm is spaced Seedbed, soil with 22.5kg bacterium spirit carries out sterilizing per acre thereafter;Burmannii seed, sowing are sowed using trench digging drilling method Preceding seed carries out disinfection to be handled with vernalization, the specific steps are:The seed for completing Stratificated treatment is put into the permanganic acid of 0.15% concentration It impregnates 2.5h in potassium solution, then with 50% sodium chlorate, 50 times of solution seed soaking 2.5h, then uses sterile water wash seed 3-4 times;Take eucalyptus 9 parts of leaf, purple 8.5 parts of the valve stem of noble dendrobium, 5 parts of Moschus benevolence, 5 parts of motherwort, 7.5 parts of pipewort, 5.5 parts of Herba Epimedii, 9.5 parts of campanulaceae, grass 3.5 parts of cardamom is ground, and the distilled water of 10 times of mentioned component total weight is added, and 30-32 DEG C is impregnated 4 days, then thin with 600 mesh Leaching liquid is obtained after filtered through gauze, is concentrated into the 1/3 of former leaching liquid with Rotary Evaporators reduction vaporization later, is obtained concentration leaching liquid; Compound sodium nitrophenolate is added in concentrating leaching liquid to its a concentration of 45ppm, obtains seed soak;By the seed leaching after the completion of disinfection Enter in seed soak, soak is placed in ultrasonic cleaner and is ultrasonically treated 3h at 60Hz, 26 DEG C, then takes out and dries;It opens The seed handled well is sowed, sows 11kg per acre, after planting earthing 3-4cm, and drench by ditch line-spacing 10-15cm, seed level 2-3cm Sufficient water;
3)Seedbed management:It waters according to the principle frequently poured is poured less, other management measures are the same as general burmannii seedbed;
4)Make artemisia annua between transplanting burmannii seedling simultaneously:It waits for that burmannii seedling grows 2-3 to true leaf, when height of seedling 4-5cm, carries out for the first time It transplants seedlings;Selection aperture is 40mm, the seedlings nursing plate in the depth hole 50mm, 72mm, and seedling is entered in disk cave with soil mud, the seed plate of seedling will have been moved It is placed under sunshade net, concentrates water and fertilizer management, keep humidity of trying to get to the heart of a matter, spray within every 7 days self-control nutrient solution 1 time;Wherein make nutrient solution by oneself Ingredient is by weight:Ammonium nitrate 5, tryptophan 0.65, calcium superphosphate 3, zinc sulfate 1.0, manganese sulfate 0.8, potassium nitrate 3, sulfuric acid Ferrous iron 1.2,0.65 part of ammonium molybdate, borax 2, Acidic Bentonite 6.5, polyvinyl alcohol 3.5, water 1500;It is carried out after centralized management 25d It transplants seedlings for the second time, spreads fertilizer over the fields self-control nutrition base fertilizer 1650kg before transplanting per acre, ingredient is the same as step 2);It is moved by wide-and narrow-row intercropping mode It plants burmannii seedling and makees artemisia annua:Wide row width 2.5m, spacing in the rows 10cm is pressed per wide row, and line-spacing 20cm transplants 11 row burmanniis between two parties Seedling;Narrow row width 1m presses line-spacing 50cm 2 row artemisia annuas of drilling placed in the middle per narrow row, per acre artemisia annua sowing quantity 130g;
5)Field management and the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Burmannii seedling is shaded in 7 days with sunshade net after transplanting seedlings for the second time, after artemisia annua emergence Timely thinning final singling, manages burmannii seedling and artemisia annua according to Routine Management measure thereafter;
6)Transplanting is out of the garden:Annual burmannii seedling is carried out third time transplanting by the spring in 2017, and transplanting seeding row spacing is 55cm, transplanting When band foot soil, and trim a small amount of weak branch;Primary lateral bud of extracing respectively is carried out in June and October to operate;Thereafter Routine Management, with Wait the sale that is out of the garden;Spring in 2017 burmannii seedling third time transplant when count annual burmannii seedling mu output of seedling and measure plant height and Ground diameter.
Embodiment 2
In November, 2014, to verify the effect for making artemisia annua among the technology of the present invention route, research team is in Boluo County of Guangdong Province 0.07 hectare burmannii is cultivated using the technology path in embodiment 1 in addition to making artemisia annua between not in woods section institute's seeling industry base; The burmannii seedling third time of spring in 2017 counts annual burmannii seedling mu output of seedling when transplanting and measures plant height and ground diameter.
Embodiment 3
In November, 2014, to verify the effect for applying self-control nutrition base fertilizer in the technology of the present invention route, research team is in Guangdong Province 0.07 hectare burmannii is planted, wherein step 2 in woods section of Boluo County institute's seeling industry base using the technology path implemented in 1), step 4)In nutrition base fertilizer replace with cattle and sheep muck;The burmannii seedling third time of spring in 2017 counts annual burmannii seedling mu when transplanting Output of seedling and measurement plant height and ground diameter.
Embodiment 4
In November, 2014, research team are sent out in woods section of Boluo County of Guangdong Province institute's seeling industry base using Yang Jinzhu et al. is open Table《Burmannii seedling-wood breeding technology》Technology path in one text plants burmannii, and the burmannii seedling third time of spring in 2017 is united when transplanting It counts annual burmannii seedling mu output of seedling and measures plant height and ground diameter.
5 seed germination experiment of embodiment
2 months 2015, burmannii seed germination experiment did in laboratory in research team, and specific test method is as follows:
Present invention processing:Using the step 1 implemented in 1)Middle method for treating seeds, by the sterilized filter paper of the seed handled well Suck dry moisture, it is spare.
Conventional treatment:By the seed after Stratificated treatment, 18h are impregnated with 50 DEG C of warm water, by the seed handled well with going out The filter paper suck dry moisture of bacterium is crossed, it is spare.
Seed germination experiment:
Above two is taken treated each 90 of seed, every 30 one group, every group is repeated 3 times, and carries out Seed Germination Test, as a result Statistics such as table 1.
From table 1, we can know, the burmannii percentage of seedgermination crossed by the technology of the present invention route processing reaches 96.67%, improve 85% compared to conventional water seed soaking.
In April, 2017, statistics height of seedling, ground diameter and mu output of seedling when being transplanted to burmannii seedling third time, as a result such as table 2.
From table 2, we can know, the embodiment 1 of burmannii be cultivated using the technology of the present invention route, on indices It is superior to general planting embodiment 4, specifically:On height of seedling, ground diameter and mu output of seedling, the embodiment of the present invention 1 is respectively than normal The embodiment 4 of rule plantation improves 23%, 25% and 40%;Particularly, comparative example 1 and embodiment 2, it has been found that work is yellow Flower wormwood artemisia equally produces actively impact to burmannii seedling, so that it is increased on indices, reason may is that artemisia annua The benefit materials secreted in growth and development process produce inhibiting effect to burmannii seedling stage diseases and pests, so that seedling stage burmannii is given birth to Length is developed more preferable;Comparative example 1 and embodiment 3, it may be seen that the advantageous effect of application self-control nutrition base fertilizer.
The detailed description of the embodiment of the present invention is not intended to limit the range of claimed invention, but only table Show the selected embodiment of the present invention.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making creativeness The every other embodiment obtained under the premise of labour, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of burmannii fast-growing High-quality Cultivation method, which is characterized in that include the following steps:
1)Burmannii initial point selection and Stratificated treatment:First Year early November selects the healthy and strong elite stand of no disease and pests harm, in burmannii berry In collecting fruit when atropurpureus, the berry adopted back is impregnated 3-4 days with 26-30 DEG C of warm water, is then rubbed with the hands using square hole plastic screen Wash away and remove pericarp, then 12-14h is impregnated with weakly alkaline solution, pull out clean dry in the shade after be positioned in 2-4 DEG C of refrigerator and carry out cryosphere Product processing waits for that the next spring is sowed;
2)Make seedbed and seed disinfection, vernalization and sowing:Second year 2-3 months, selection is on the sunny side, soil layer is deep, have abundant water resources, Draining is good, sandy loams or loam plot of the pH between 6.0-7.0 are seedling cultivation bed as burmannii, ploughs deeply seedbed plot 30cm, Spread fertilizer over the fields self-control nutrition base fertilizer, dosage 2100-2300kg/667m2;It then makes width 1.2m, high 20cm and is spaced the seedbed of 30cm, Thereafter soil with 20-25kg bacterium spirit carries out sterilizing per acre;Seed carries out disinfection before sowing is handled with vernalization, will be handled well The sowing of burmannii seed using trench digging drilling method sowing, ditch line-spacing 10-15cm, and seed level 2-3cm sows 10-12kg, broadcast per acre Earthing 3-4cm after kind, and drench sufficient water;
3)Seedbed management:It waters according to the principle frequently poured is poured less, other management measures are the same as general burmannii seedbed;
4)Make artemisia annua between transplanting burmannii seedling simultaneously:It waits for that seedbed seedling grows 2-3 to true leaf, when height of seedling 4-5cm, carries out for the first time It transplants seedlings:Select aperture 45mm, the depth hole 50mm, 70mm seedlings nursing plate, seedling is entered in disk cave with soil mud, the seed plate for having moved seedling is set Under sunshade net, water and fertilizer management is concentrated, keeps humidity of trying to get to the heart of a matter, sprays within every 7 days self-control nutrient solution 1 time;After managing 20-30d concentratedly It is transplanted seedlings for the second time, spreads fertilizer over the fields self-control nutrition base fertilizer 1600-1700kg before transplanting per acre;Burmannii is transplanted by wide-and narrow-row intercropping mode Seedling and make artemisia annua:Wide row width 2.5m, spacing in the rows 10cm is pressed per wide row, and line-spacing 20cm transplants 11 row burmannii seedlings between two parties;Narrow row Width 1m presses line-spacing 50cm 2 row artemisia annuas of drilling placed in the middle per narrow row, per acre artemisia annua sowing quantity 120-140g;
5)Field management and the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Burmannii seedling is shaded in 7 days with sunshade net after transplanting seedlings for the second time, after artemisia annua emergence Timely thinning final singling, manages burmannii seedling and artemisia annua according to Routine Management measure thereafter;
6)Transplanting is out of the garden:Annual burmannii seedling is carried out third time transplanting by the spring in third year, and transplanting seeding row spacing is 50-60cm, is moved Band foot soil when cultivation, and trim a small amount of weak branch;Primary lateral bud of extracing respectively is carried out in June and October to operate;Thereafter Routine Management, With the sale that waits being out of the garden.
2. burmannii fast-growing High-quality Cultivation method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the step 1)Middle alkalescent is molten Liquid refers to 10% vegetation buck or 2% limewash or 5% soda water.
3. burmannii fast-growing High-quality Cultivation method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the step 2)Middle seed carries out Disinfection with vernalization processing the specific steps are:
A, seed disinfection:The seed for completing Stratificated treatment is put into the liquor potassic permanganate of 0.1-0.2% concentration and impregnates 2-3h, Again with 50% sodium chlorate, 50 times of solution seed soaking 2-3h, sterile water wash seed is then used 3-4 times;
B, seed soak is prepared:Take the folium eucalypti of certain part by weight, the purple valve stem of noble dendrobium, Moschus benevolence, motherwort, pipewort, Herba Epimedii, Campanulaceae is ground in one's early teens;The distilled water of 10 times of mentioned component total weight is added, 30-32 DEG C is impregnated 4 days, then with 600 mesh Leaching liquid is obtained after crocus cloth filtering, the 1/3 of former leaching liquid is concentrated into Rotary Evaporators reduction vaporization later, leaching must be concentrated Liquid;Compound sodium nitrophenolate is added in concentrating leaching liquid to its a concentration of 40-50ppm, obtains seed soak;
C, presprouting of seeds:Seed after the completion of disinfection is immersed in seed soak, soak is placed in ultrasonic cleaner and exists It is ultrasonically treated 2-4h at 60Hz, 25-28 DEG C, then takes out and dries.
4. burmannii fast-growing High-quality Cultivation method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the step 2), step 4)In Make nutrition base fertilizer ingredient by oneself by weight:Cattle and sheep excrement 65-75, rape cake 15-25, sesame-send cake 3-7, cotton seed hulls 4-8, fulvic acid Potassium 3-4, weathered coal 8-10, microbial bacterial agent 3-7, ammonium nitrate 5-7, ammonium sulfate 2-4, sweet potato vine 3-7, bagasse 3-5, silkworm excrement 2- 4, pond crayfish shell 4.5-5.5, kelp head 4-7, sodium sulphate 2-3, ammonium dihydrogen phosphate 3-5, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 3.5-4.5.
5. burmannii fast-growing High-quality Cultivation method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the step 4)Middle self-control nutrition Liquid ingredient is by weight:Ammonium nitrate 4.5-5.5, tryptophan 0.5-0.8, calcium superphosphate 2-4, zinc sulfate 0.8-1.2, manganese sulfate 0.6-1.0, potassium nitrate 2.5-3.5, ferrous sulfate 1.0-1.4,0.5-0.8 parts of ammonium molybdate, borax 1.5-2.5, Acidic Bentonite 5-8, polyvinyl alcohol 2-5, water 1400-1600.
6. burmannii fast-growing High-quality Cultivation method according to claim 3, which is characterized in that folium eucalypti, purple valve in the step b The stem of noble dendrobium, Moschus benevolence, motherwort, pipewort, Herba Epimedii, campanulaceae, parts by weight in one's early teens are respectively:8-10 parts, 7-10 parts, 4-6 Part, 3-7 parts, 6-9 parts, 4-7 parts, 8-11 parts, 2-5 parts.
CN201811015920.5A 2018-09-01 2018-09-01 A kind of burmannii fast-growing High-quality Cultivation method Pending CN108781990A (en)

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Application publication date: 20181113