CN108747482B - A kind of cutting mechanism and its application method making shallow mouth in annular workpieces inner surface - Google Patents

A kind of cutting mechanism and its application method making shallow mouth in annular workpieces inner surface Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108747482B
CN108747482B CN201810656716.5A CN201810656716A CN108747482B CN 108747482 B CN108747482 B CN 108747482B CN 201810656716 A CN201810656716 A CN 201810656716A CN 108747482 B CN108747482 B CN 108747482B
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sliding
driving
plate
cutting
synchronous
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CN108747482A (en
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孟令城
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李小燕
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/25Movable or adjustable work or tool supports
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/062Work-clamping means adapted for holding workpieces having a special form or being made from a special material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/08Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/08Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated
    • B23Q3/082Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated hydraulically actuated

Abstract

Disclose a kind of cutting mechanism that shallow mouth is made in work piece inner surface, the present invention solves the problems, such as to carry out cutting shallow mouth in annular workpieces inner surface, the cutting mechanism includes supporting box, chuck clamps, work holder, portal support, cutting assembly, chuck drive body, cutting assembly driving body, pass through the dual clamping action of chuck clamps and work holder, it ensure that the stability of annular workpieces, it ensure that the precision of cutting, pass through the horizontal and vertical automation control of cutting assembly simultaneously, it ensure that the demand in cutting tool path, whole process is easy to operate, precise structure, the completion for capableing of high standard cut in annular workpieces inner surface the operation of shallow mouth.

Description

A kind of cutting mechanism and its application method making shallow mouth in annular workpieces inner surface
Technical field
The present invention relates to cutting fields to be more particularly related to a kind of cutting mechanism that shallow mouth is made in work piece inner surface.
Background technique
In machining manufacturing process, annular workpieces are a kind of essential components, there is very extensive make With.Under many operating conditions, such as the needs of reference, the setting of anti-counterfeiting code etc., the interior table in annular workpieces is needed Carry out making the cutting of shallow mouth on face, under normal circumstances, operator still holds blade and gos deep into annular workpieces carrying out by hand Scribing, this mode of operation and its be easy to cause the unqualified of shallow mouth, or even will cause scrapping for annular workpieces, for some high For expensive or accurate ring tool, even more have no way of doing it.Although there are also can be deep into inside annular workpieces at present Device, however the control precision of these equipment is opposite is short of, and the stability of clamping does not reach requirement, and universal performance is poor, control System complex, cost are excessively high.Therefore, for this status, the more of shallow mouth are made in work piece inner surface there is an urgent need to develop a kind of Function cutting mechanism, to meet the needs of actual use.
Pertinent literature [CN106217052A] discloses a kind of wheel rim machining tool of wheel hub, it solves how to improve wheel The problem of machining accuracy is improved while the processing efficiency of rim outer surface, however merely by setting lathe tool and specific forming cutter Tool carries out Roughing and fine machining to the wheel rim outer surface of wheel hub by the way of vehicle, mill Compound Machining, can not be to annular inner surface It carries out accurately easily cutting shallow mouth operation.
Pertinent literature [CN105415058A] discloses a kind of lathe, including lathe body and rotary workbench, the dress A kind of only lathe mechanism is set, cutting function is not had, although having frock clamp, is still fallen within more typical The tooling type of machine tool field, overall mechanism is more heavy, cannot achieve the cutting operation that work piece inner surface makes shallow mouth.
Pertinent literature [CN206445221U] disclose it is a kind of for processing the lathe of electric motor end cap, including lathe base, The clamp assembly for clamping electric motor end cap to be processed on lathe base, the sliding that is connected on lathe base of sliding are set Platform, the toolbox being arranged on sliding platform, clamp assembly include chuck body and be arranged on chuck body for motor side Lid carries out the outer support fixture that outer support clamps in fact, the device is still a kind of typical lathe mechanism, passes through tool changing device pair Each side of end cap is processed, which is not cutting mechanism, also can not make shallow mouth to annular workpieces inner surface.
Summary of the invention
Therefore, in view of the shortcomings of the prior art, providing example of the invention to substantially solve since correlation is led One or more problems caused by the limitation and disadvantage in domain, safety and reliability increase substantially, and effectively play guarantor Protect the effect of equipment.
According to technical solution provided by the invention, cutting mechanism include supporting box, chuck clamps, work holder, Portal support, cutting assembly, chuck drive body, cutting assembly driving body, wherein chuck clamps, portal support are respectively positioned on support The upper surface of cabinet, for chuck clamps between portal support, the circumferential direction of chuck clamps is equipped with multiple slidable sliding pawls, card Dish driving body is used to drive the sliding of sliding pawl, and work holder is located in chuck clamps, and cutting assembly driving body is for driving Cutting assembly, work holder include plate, and elongated slot is offered in the middle part of plate, and the side of plate is equipped with fixed fixture block, with The opposite other side of fixed fixture block, which is equipped with, to slide the piston rod on fixture block with drive cylinder along the sliding fixture block that elongated slot moves Be connected, cutting assembly includes vertical plate, and the reverse side of vertical plate is equipped with vertical drive motor, the front of vertical plate be equipped with longitudinal synchronous pulley and Longitudinal slide rail, the drive shaft of vertical drive motor pass through vertical plate and connect with the driving wheel of longitudinal synchronous pulley, longitudinal synchronous pulley Driving wheel and driven wheel by longitudinal synchronous band connection, longitudinal slide rail equipped with longitudinal sliding block, the side of longitudinal sliding block with set The synchronization band plate set on longitudinal synchronous belt is connected, and the front of longitudinal sliding block is connect by connector with transverse slat, the reverse side of transverse slat Equipped with horizontal drive motor, the front of transverse slat is equipped with synchronous cross belt wheel and horizontal slide rail, and the drive shaft of horizontal drive motor is worn It crosses transverse slat to connect with the driving wheel of synchronous cross belt wheel, the driving wheel and driven wheel of synchronous cross belt wheel are connected by synchronous cross band It connects, horizontal slide rail is equipped with transverse slider, and the upper surface of transverse slider is connected with the synchronous band plate being arranged on synchronous cross band, horizontal Connecting plate is fixed on sliding block, the bottom of connecting plate is equipped with transition plates, is connected with cutting tool in transition plates.
Further, cutting assembly driving body includes the balladeur train on portal support, and the middle part of balladeur train is hollow structure, The lower part of the hollow structure is sliding rail, and cooperation is equipped with sliding nut in sliding rail, and sliding nut is equipped with lead screw, lead screw It extends to outside balladeur train along hollow parts and is connect with driving body, the side wall of sliding nut is connect with sliding hoop plate, sliding hoop sleeve-board It is connected on balladeur train and with the side of vertical plate.
Further, driving motor is equipped in supporting box, the drive shaft of the driving motor is connected with driving wheel, this is actively Wheel is connected by synchronous belt with driven wheel, and the connected drive shaft of the driven wheel is connected with transmission component in chuck clamps, transmission group Part is used to drive the sliding of sliding pawl.
Further, the plate face of plate is equipped with scale batten, and the front of fixed fixture block has " V " shape notch, fixing card Handle is equipped on block and sliding fixture block.
Further, the side wall of sliding nut is at least three groups of connecting columns, and the side plate of sliding hoop plate is equipped with and connecting column The equal connecting hole of quantity, connecting column are connected with corresponding connecting hole.
Further, cutting assembly is coated with electrical protection box, and electrical protection box is equipped with for controlling cutting assembly Control switch, driving wheel, driven wheel, synchronous belt on supporting box are externally provided with protection cap.
Further, plate is equipped with scale board slot, and scale batten is replaceable to be set in scale board slot.
Further, the driving body on balladeur train is driving handwheel and/or motor.
Further, the supporting leg of supporting box is equipped with stabilizer blade, and portal support bottom is equipped with support baseboard.
The present invention solves the problems, such as to carry out cutting shallow mouth in annular workpieces inner surface, which includes support case Body, chuck clamps, work holder, portal support, cutting assembly, chuck drive body, cutting assembly driving body, pass through chuck The dual clamping action of fixture and work holder, ensure that the stability of annular workpieces, ensure that the precision of cutting, simultaneously By the horizontal and vertical automation control of cutting assembly, the demand in cutting tool path, whole process operation letter ensure that Single, precise structure, the completion for capableing of high standard cut in annular workpieces inner surface the operation of shallow mouth.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the main schematic diagram of mechanism of the invention.
Fig. 2 is mechanism side schematic view of the invention.
Fig. 3 is mechanism front schematic view of the invention.
Fig. 4 is that mechanism of the invention bows schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is cutting assembly driving body schematic diagram of the invention.
Fig. 6 is work holder schematic diagram of the invention.
Fig. 7 is cutting assembly schematic diagram of the invention.
Fig. 8 is cutting assembly operation schematic diagram of the invention.
Fig. 9 is chuck clamps schematic diagram of the invention.
Figure 10 is synchronous belt operation schematic diagram of the invention.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is further explained in the light of specific embodiments.
Below with reference to specific embodiment shown in the drawings, the present invention will be described in detail.But these embodiments are simultaneously The present invention is not limited, structure that those skilled in the art are made according to these embodiments, method or functionally Transformation is included within the scope of protection of the present invention.With reference to the accompanying drawing and specific embodiment to application principle of the invention make into The description of one step.
Cutting mechanism includes supporting box 1, chuck clamps 2, work holder 3, portal support 4, cutting assembly 5, card Dish driving body 6, cutting assembly driving body 7.
Wherein, chuck clamps 2, portal support 4 are respectively positioned on the upper surface of supporting box 1, and chuck clamps 2 are located at portal support 4 underface, the circumferential direction of chuck clamps 2 are equipped with multiple slidable sliding pawls, and sliding pawl has flat with 3 side of work holder Capable clamping face, these slide pawl for the clamping to work holder 3, and chuck drive body 6 is used to drive the sliding of sliding pawl, work Part clamping device 3 is located in chuck clamps 2, and cutting assembly driving body 7 is for driving cutting assembly 5.
Work holder 3 includes plate 3-1, and elongated slot is offered in the middle part of plate 3-1, and the side of plate 3-1 is equipped with solid Determine fixture block 3-2, the other side opposite with fixed fixture block 3-2, which is equipped with, to slide fixture block 3- along the sliding fixture block 3-3 that elongated slot moves It is connected on 3 with the piston rod of drive cylinder 3-4, sliding fixture block 3-3 is equipped with scale strip equipped with the plate face of trapezoidal sliding plate 3-1 Plate, specifically, plate 3-1 is equipped with scale board slot, the scale batten of different linear modules is replaceable to be set in scale board slot, The front of fixed fixture block 3-2 has " V " shape notch, is equipped with handle on fixed fixture block 3-2 and sliding fixture block 3-3, operator can Work holder 3 to be seated in chuck clamps 2 by handle.
Cutting assembly 5 includes vertical plate 5-1, and the reverse side of vertical plate 5-1 is equipped with vertical drive motor 5-2, and the front of vertical plate 5-1 is set There is longitudinal synchronous pulley 5-3 and longitudinal slide rail 5-4, the drive shaft of vertical drive motor 5-2 passes through vertical plate 5-1 and longitudinal synchronous belt The driving wheel connection of 5-3 is taken turns, the driving wheel of longitudinal synchronous pulley 5-3 passes through longitudinal synchronous band connection, longitudinal slide rail with driven wheel 5-4 is equipped with longitudinal sliding block 5-5, and the side of longitudinal sliding block 5-5 is connected with the synchronous band plate being arranged on longitudinal synchronous belt, longitudinal The front of sliding block 5-5 is connect by connector with transverse slat 5-6, and the reverse side of transverse slat 5-6 is equipped with horizontal drive motor 5-7, transverse slat 5-6 Front be equipped with synchronous cross belt wheel 5-8 and horizontal slide rail 5-9, the drive shaft of horizontal drive motor 5-7 passes through transverse slat 5-6 and horizontal It being connected to the driving wheel of synchronous pulley 5-8, the driving wheel and driven wheel of synchronous cross belt wheel 5-8 passes through synchronous cross band connection, Horizontal slide rail 5-9 is equipped with transverse slider 5-10, the upper surface of transverse slider 5-10 and the synchronous belt being arranged on synchronous cross band Plate is connected, and connecting plate 5-11 is fixed on transverse slider 5-10, and the bottom of connecting plate 5-11 is equipped with transition plates, connects in transition plates There are cutting tool 5-12, cutting tool 5-12 to be equipped with cutter head.
Cutting assembly driving body 7 includes the balladeur train 7-1 on portal support 4, and the middle part of balladeur train 7-1 is hollow structure, The lower part of the hollow structure is sliding rail, and cooperation is equipped with sliding nut 7-2 in sliding rail, and sliding nut 7-2 is equipped with silk Thick stick 7-3, lead screw 7-3 are extended to outside balladeur train 7-1 along hollow parts and are connect with driving body 7-4, and the driving body 7-4 on balladeur train is to drive It starts to take turns and/or motor, preferably handwheel, the side wall of sliding nut 7-2 is connect with sliding hoop plate 7-5, sliding hoop plate 7-5 covers It is connected on balladeur train 7-1 and with the side of vertical plate 5-1, as a kind of specific scheme, the side wall of sliding nut 7-2 is at least The side plate of three groups of connecting columns, sliding hoop plate 7-5 is equipped with the connecting hole equal with connecting column quantity, connecting column and corresponding connection Hole connection.
Driving motor is equipped in supporting box 1, the drive shaft of the driving motor is connected with driving wheel, which passes through same Step band is connected with driven wheel, and the connected drive shaft of the driven wheel is connected with transmission component in chuck clamps 2, and transmission component can be Gear set, turbine and worm component, belt component etc., transmission component are used to drive the sliding of sliding pawl.
Cutting assembly 5 is coated with electrical protection box, and electrical protection box is equipped with and opens for controlling the control of cutting assembly 5 It closes, these control switches can be by electrical control cabinet progress numerical control control, known in the mode that is specifically electrically connected and control mode conduct Content repeats no more.Driving wheel, driven wheel, synchronous belt on supporting box 1 are externally provided with protection cap.The branch of supporting box 1 Leg is equipped with stabilizer blade, and 4 bottom of portal support is equipped with support baseboard, for increasing stability.
The workpiece of being cut is preferably annular workpieces, as the further application of above-described embodiment, realizes above-mentioned annular The cutting step that work piece inner surface makes shallow mouth is as follows:
A) work holder is placed in chuck clamps, starts the motor of chuck drive body, in driving wheel, driven Under the driving of wheel, synchronous belt and drive shaft, the transmission component in chuck clamps drives sliding pawl sliding, and work holder is consolidated It is clamped in chuck clamps;
B) one end of the workpiece is pushed against fixed fixture block on work holder by the work-piece that will be cut In " V " shape notch, start drive cylinder, under the promotion of the piston rod of drive cylinder, sliding fixture block is sliding to the other end of workpiece It moves and clamps;
C the driving body on balladeur train) is operated, under the driving of lead screw, sliding nut drives sliding hoop plate to slide along balladeur train, after And cutting assembly is driven to slide into right above workpiece;
D) operate cutting assembly vertical drive motor, under the driving operation of motor, longitudinal synchronous belt, synchronous pulley, Synchronous band plate belt moves longitudinal sliding block longitudinal sliding motion in longitudinal slide rail, then drives in cutting tool to annular workpieces;
E the driving body on balladeur train) is operated again, and under the driving of lead screw, sliding nut drives sliding hoop plate sliding along balladeur train It is dynamic, cutting assembly sliding is then driven, is suitably contacted so that the cutter head of cutting tool has with annular workpieces inner surface;
F) the vertical drive motor and horizontal drive motor of cooperating cutting assembly, under the driving operation of motor, together Step band, synchronous pulley, synchronous band plate belt movable slider longitudinally, laterally slide on the slide rail, so that the cutter head of cutting tool exists Annular workpieces inner surface carries out shallow mouth cutting;
G after the completion of) cutting, the driving body on balladeur train is operated, so that the cutter head of cutting tool leaves in annular workpieces Then the distance of surface 1-3cm operates the vertical drive motor of cutting assembly, so that cutting tool longitudinally moves to annular workpieces Outside;
H it) is again started up drive cylinder, under the contraction of the piston rod of drive cylinder, sliding fixture block, will far from annular workpieces Annular workpieces are removed out of work holder, verify cutting situation.
The basic principles, main features and advantages of the invention have been shown and described above.The technical staff of the industry should Understand, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and only illustrating for the description in above embodiments and description is of the invention Principle, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and improvements may be made to the invention, these variation and Improvement all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention is by appended claims and its waits Effect object defines.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of application method for the cutting mechanism for making shallow mouth in annular workpieces inner surface, the cutting mechanism includes support Cabinet, chuck clamps, work holder, portal support, cutting assembly, chuck drive body, cutting assembly driving body, wherein The chuck clamps, portal support are respectively positioned on the upper surface of the supporting box, and the chuck clamps are located at described Between portal support, the circumferential direction of the chuck clamps is equipped with multiple slidable sliding pawls, and the chuck drive body is used for The sliding of the driving cunning pawl, the work holder are located in the chuck clamps, and the cutting assembly drives Kinetoplast is equipped with driving motor, the drive shaft of the driving motor connects for driving the cutting assembly in the supporting box It is connected to driving wheel, which is connected by synchronous belt with driven wheel, the connected drive shaft of the driven wheel and the gripper chuck Transmission component is connected in having, and the transmission component is used to drive the sliding of the cunning pawl, the work holder packet Plate is included, elongated slot is offered in the middle part of the plate, the side of the plate is equipped with fixed fixture block, with the fixing card The opposite other side of block is equipped with can be along the sliding fixture block that elongated slot moves, the piston rod slided along fixture block with drive cylinder It is connected, the cutting assembly includes vertical plate, and the reverse side of the vertical plate is equipped with vertical drive motor, the front of the vertical plate Equipped with longitudinal synchronous pulley and longitudinal slide rail, the drive shaft of the vertical drive motor passes through the vertical plate and indulges with described It being connected to the driving wheel of synchronous pulley, the driving wheel of longitudinal synchronous pulley passes through longitudinal synchronous band connection with driven wheel, The longitudinal slide rail is equipped with longitudinal sliding block, the side of the longitudinal sliding block and is arranged on longitudinal synchronous belt Synchronous band plate is connected, and the front of the longitudinal sliding block is connect by connector with transverse slat, and the reverse side of the transverse slat is equipped with cross To driving motor, the front of the transverse slat is equipped with synchronous cross belt wheel and horizontal slide rail, the drive of the horizontal drive motor Moving axis passes through the transverse slat and connect with the driving wheel of the synchronous cross belt wheel, the driving wheel of the synchronous cross belt wheel With driven wheel by synchronous cross band connection, the horizontal slide rail is equipped with transverse slider, the upper surface of described transverse slider It is connected with the synchronous band plate being arranged on the synchronous cross band, connecting plate is fixed on the transverse slider, it is described The bottom of connecting plate is equipped with transition plates, is connected with cutting tool in the transition plates, the cutting assembly driving body includes Balladeur train on the portal support, the middle part of the balladeur train are hollow structure, and the lower part of the hollow structure is sliding Track, the interior cooperation of the sliding rail are equipped with sliding nut, and the sliding nut is equipped with lead screw, and the lead screw is along empty The heart is extended partially into outside the balladeur train and is connect with driving body, and the side wall of the sliding nut is connect with sliding hoop plate, institute The sliding hoop sleeve-board stated is set on the balladeur train and is connected with the side of the vertical plate, and the plate face of the plate is equipped with Scale batten, the front of the fixation fixture block have " V " shape notch, are equipped with handle on the fixation fixture block and sliding fixture block Hand, the side wall of the sliding nut are at least three groups of connecting columns, and the side plate of the sliding hoop plate is equipped with and the company The equal connecting hole of column quantity is connect, the connecting column is connected with corresponding connecting hole, and the cutting assembly is coated with electricity Gas protection box, the electrical protection box is equipped with the control switch for controlling the cutting assembly, positioned at the branch Driving wheel, driven wheel, synchronous belt on support cabinet are externally provided with protection cap, and the plate is equipped with scale board slot, the quarter Degree batten is replaceable to be set in the scale board slot, which is characterized in that described to make shallow mouth in annular workpieces inner surface Cutting mechanism cutting step it is as follows:
A) work holder is placed in chuck clamps, starts the motor of chuck drive body, in driving wheel, driven wheel, same Under the driving for walking band and drive shaft, the transmission component in chuck clamps drives sliding pawl sliding, by the firm clamping of work holder In chuck clamps;
B) one end of the workpiece is pushed against the " V " shape of fixed fixture block on work holder by the work-piece that will be cut In notch, start drive cylinder, under the promotion of the piston rod of drive cylinder, sliding fixture block is slided and pressed from both sides to the other end of workpiece Tightly;
C the driving body on balladeur train) is operated, under the driving of lead screw, sliding nut drives sliding hoop plate to slide along balladeur train, then band Dynamic cutting assembly slides into right above workpiece;
D the vertical drive motor for) operating cutting assembly, under the driving operation of motor, longitudinal synchronous belt, synchronous pulley, synchronization Band plate drives longitudinal sliding block longitudinal sliding motion in longitudinal slide rail, then drives in cutting tool to annular workpieces;
E the driving body on balladeur train) is operated again, under the driving of lead screw, sliding nut drives sliding hoop plate to slide along balladeur train, after And cutting assembly is driven to slide, it is suitably contacted so that the cutter head of cutting tool has with annular workpieces inner surface;
F) the vertical drive motor and horizontal drive motor of cooperating cutting assembly, under the driving operation of motor, synchronous belt, Synchronous pulley, synchronous band plate belt movable slider longitudinally, laterally slide on the slide rail, so that the cutter head of cutting tool is in annular work Part inner surface carries out shallow mouth cutting;
G after the completion of) cutting, the driving body on balladeur train is operated, so that the cutter head of cutting tool leaves annular workpieces inner surface Then the distance of 1-3cm operates the vertical drive motor of cutting assembly, so that cutting tool longitudinally moves to outside annular workpieces;
H it) is again started up drive cylinder, under the contraction of the piston rod of drive cylinder, sliding fixture block, will be annular far from annular workpieces Workpiece is removed out of work holder, verifies cutting situation.
2. a kind of application method of cutting mechanism that shallow mouth is made in annular workpieces inner surface according to claim 1, It is characterized in that, the driving body on the balladeur train is driving handwheel and/or motor.
3. a kind of application method of cutting mechanism that shallow mouth is made in annular workpieces inner surface according to claim 1, It is characterized in that, the supporting leg of the supporting box is equipped with stabilizer blade, and the portal support bottom is equipped with support baseboard.
4. cutting step described in a kind of completion claim 1 makes the cutting mechanism of shallow mouth in annular workpieces inner surface, The cutting mechanism includes supporting box, chuck clamps, work holder, portal support, cutting assembly, chuck drive Body, cutting assembly driving body, wherein the chuck clamps, portal support are respectively positioned on the upper surface of the supporting box, institute For the chuck clamps stated between the portal support, the circumferential direction of the chuck clamps is equipped with multiple slidable cunnings Pawl, the chuck drive body are used to drive the sliding of the cunning pawl, and the work holder is located at the chuck On fixture, the cutting assembly driving body is equipped with driving electricity for driving the cutting assembly in the supporting box The drive shaft of machine, the driving motor is connected with driving wheel, which is connected by synchronous belt with driven wheel, which is connected Drive shaft be connected with transmission component in the chuck clamps, the transmission component is used to drive the cunning of the cunning pawl It is dynamic, which is characterized in that the work holder includes plate, and elongated slot is offered in the middle part of the plate, and described is flat The side of plate is equipped with fixed fixture block, and the other side opposite with the fixation fixture block is equipped with can be along the sliding card that elongated slot moves Block is connected on the sliding fixture block with the piston rod of drive cylinder, and the cutting assembly includes vertical plate, the vertical plate Reverse side is equipped with vertical drive motor, and the front of the vertical plate is equipped with longitudinal synchronous pulley and longitudinal slide rail, longitudinal drive The drive shaft of dynamic motor passes through the vertical plate and connect with the driving wheel of longitudinal synchronous pulley, longitudinal synchronous belt For the driving wheel of wheel with driven wheel by longitudinal synchronous band connection, the longitudinal slide rail is equipped with longitudinal sliding block, the longitudinal direction The side of sliding block is connected with the synchronous band plate being arranged on longitudinal synchronous belt, and the front of the longitudinal sliding block passes through company Fitting is connect with transverse slat, and the reverse side of the transverse slat is equipped with horizontal drive motor, and the front of the transverse slat is equipped with synchronous cross Belt wheel and horizontal slide rail, the drive shaft of the horizontal drive motor pass through the transverse slat and the synchronous cross belt wheel Driving wheel connection, for the driving wheel and driven wheel of the synchronous cross belt wheel by synchronous cross band connection, the transverse direction is sliding Rail is equipped with transverse slider, the upper surface of described transverse slider and the synchronous band plate phase being arranged on the synchronous cross band Even, connecting plate is fixed on the transverse slider, the bottom of the connecting plate is equipped with transition plates, connects in the transition plates It is connected to cutting tool, the cutting assembly driving body includes the balladeur train on the portal support, the balladeur train Middle part is hollow structure, and the lower part of the hollow structure is sliding rail, and cooperation is equipped with sliding nut, institute in the sliding rail The sliding nut stated is equipped with lead screw, and the lead screw is extended to outside the balladeur train along hollow parts and connect with driving body, The side wall of the sliding nut connect with sliding hoop plate, the sliding bind round sleeve-board on the balladeur train and with it is described The side of vertical plate is connected, and the plate face of the plate is equipped with scale batten, and the front of the fixation fixture block has " V " shape slot Mouthful, it is equipped with handle on the fixation fixture block and sliding fixture block, the side wall of the sliding nut is at least three groups of connecting columns, The side plate of the described sliding hoop plate is equipped with the connecting hole equal with the connecting column quantity, the connecting column with it is corresponding Connecting hole connection, the cutting assembly are coated with electrical protection box, and the electrical protection box is equipped with for controlling The control switch for the cutting assembly stated, driving wheel, driven wheel, synchronous belt on the supporting box are externally provided with protection Lid, the plate are equipped with scale board slot, and the scale batten is replaceable to be set in the scale board slot, on balladeur train Driving body be driving handwheel and/or motor, the supporting leg of the supporting box is equipped with stabilizer blade, the portal support bottom Equipped with support baseboard.
CN201810656716.5A 2018-06-24 2018-06-24 A kind of cutting mechanism and its application method making shallow mouth in annular workpieces inner surface Active CN108747482B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4861048A (en) * 1987-02-20 1989-08-29 Indexible Soft Jaws Limited Jaw assembly for lathe chuck
CN105415058A (en) * 2015-10-09 2016-03-23 滁州品之达电器科技有限公司 Lathe
CN105880637A (en) * 2016-05-16 2016-08-24 黄河科技学院 Lathe used for turning long rod class of parts
CN106217052A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-14 汪超 A kind of wheel rim machining tool of wheel hub
CN206445221U (en) * 2017-01-18 2017-08-29 浙江台兴机电科技有限公司 Lathe for processing electric motor end cap
CN207103933U (en) * 2017-06-23 2018-03-16 吴欢 A kind of grooving machine tool

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4861048A (en) * 1987-02-20 1989-08-29 Indexible Soft Jaws Limited Jaw assembly for lathe chuck
CN105415058A (en) * 2015-10-09 2016-03-23 滁州品之达电器科技有限公司 Lathe
CN105880637A (en) * 2016-05-16 2016-08-24 黄河科技学院 Lathe used for turning long rod class of parts
CN106217052A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-14 汪超 A kind of wheel rim machining tool of wheel hub
CN206445221U (en) * 2017-01-18 2017-08-29 浙江台兴机电科技有限公司 Lathe for processing electric motor end cap
CN207103933U (en) * 2017-06-23 2018-03-16 吴欢 A kind of grooving machine tool

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