A kind of cutting mechanism making shallow mouth in work piece inner surface
The present invention relates to cutting fields to be more particularly related to a kind of cutting mechanism making shallow mouth in work piece inner surface.
In being machined manufacturing process, annular workpieces are a kind of essential parts, there is very extensive make
With.In many operating modes, such as the needs of reference, the setting etc. of anti-counterfeiting code, the interior table in annular workpieces is needed
Carry out making the cutting of shallow mouth on face, under normal circumstances, operating personnel still hold blade and go deep into annular workpieces carrying out by hand
Scribing, this mode of operation and its be easy to cause the unqualified of shallow mouth, or even can cause scrapping for annular workpieces, high for some
For expensive or accurate ring tool, even more have no way of doing it.Although there are also can be deep into inside annular workpieces at present
Device, however the control accuracy of these equipment is opposite is short of, and the stability of clamping does not reach requirement, and universal performance is poor, control
System complex, cost are excessively high.Therefore, for this present situation, the more of shallow mouth being made in work piece inner surface there is an urgent need to develop a kind of
Function cutting mechanism, to meet the needs of actual use.
Therefore, in view of the shortcomings of the prior art, providing the example of the present invention to substantially solve since correlation is led
One or more problems, safety and reliability increase substantially caused by the limitation in domain and disadvantage, effectively play guarantor
Protect the effect of equipment.
According to technical solution provided by the invention, cutting mechanism include supporting box, chuck clamps, work holder,
Portal support, cutting assembly, chuck drive body, cutting assembly driving body, wherein chuck clamps, portal support are respectively positioned on support
The upper surface of babinet, for chuck clamps between portal support, the circumferential direction of chuck clamps is equipped with multiple slidable sliding pawls, card
Dish driving body is used to drive the sliding of sliding pawl, work holder to be located in chuck clamps, and cutting assembly driving body is for driving
Cutting assembly, work holder include tablet, and elongated slot is offered in the middle part of tablet, and the side of tablet is equipped with fixed fixture block, with
The opposite other side of fixed fixture block, which is equipped with, to slide the piston rod with drive cylinder on fixture block along the sliding fixture block that elongated slot moves
Be connected, cutting assembly includes riser, and the reverse side of riser is equipped with vertical drive motor, the front of riser be equipped with longitudinal synchronous pulley and
The drive shaft of longitudinal slide rail, vertical drive motor passes through riser and the driving wheel of longitudinal synchronous pulley to connect, longitudinal synchronous pulley
Driving wheel and driven wheel by longitudinal synchronous band connection, longitudinal slide rail equipped with longitudinal sliding block, the side of longitudinal sliding block with set
The synchronization band plate set on longitudinal synchronous belt is connected, and the front of longitudinal sliding block is connect by connector with transverse slat, the reverse side of transverse slat
Equipped with horizontal drive motor, the front of transverse slat is equipped with synchronous cross belt wheel and horizontal slide rail, and the drive shaft of horizontal drive motor is worn
It crosses transverse slat to connect with the driving wheel of synchronous cross belt wheel, the driving wheel and driven wheel of synchronous cross belt wheel are connected by synchronous cross band
It connects, horizontal slide rail is equipped with transverse slider, and the upper surface of transverse slider is connected with the synchronous band plate being arranged on synchronous cross band, horizontal
Connecting plate is fixed on sliding block, the bottom of connecting plate is equipped with rebound, cutting tool is connected on rebound.
Further, cutting assembly driving body includes the balladeur train being located on portal support, and the middle part of balladeur train is hollow-core construction,
The lower part of the hollow-core construction is sliding rail, coordinates in sliding rail and is equipped with sliding nut, sliding nut is equipped with leading screw, leading screw
It extends to outside balladeur train along hollow parts and is connect with driving body, the side wall of sliding nut is connect with sliding hoop plate, sliding hoop sleeve-board
It is connected on balladeur train and with the side of riser.
Further, driving motor is equipped in supporting box, the drive shaft of the driving motor is connected with driving wheel, this is actively
Wheel is connected by synchronous belt with driven wheel, and the connected drive shaft of the driven wheel is connected with transmission component in chuck clamps, transmission group
Part is used to drive the sliding of sliding pawl.
Further, the plate face of tablet is equipped with scale batten, and the front of fixed fixture block has " V " shape notch, fixing card
It is equipped with handle on block and sliding fixture block.
Further, the side wall of sliding nut is at least three groups of connecting poles, and the side plate of sliding hoop plate is equipped with and connecting pole
The equal connecting hole of quantity, connecting pole are connected with corresponding connecting hole.
Further, cutting assembly is coated with electrical protection box, and electrical protection box is equipped with for controlling cutting assembly
Control switch, driving wheel, driven wheel, synchronous belt on supporting box are externally provided with protection cap.
Further, tablet is equipped with scale board slot, and scale batten is replaceable to be set in scale board slot.
Further, driving body is driving handwheel and/or motor.
Further, the supporting leg of supporting box is equipped with stabilizer blade, and portal support bottom is equipped with support baseboard.
The present invention solves the problems, such as to carry out cutting shallow mouth in annular workpieces inner surface, which includes support case
Body, chuck clamps, work holder, portal support, cutting assembly, chuck drive body, cutting assembly driving body, pass through chuck
The dual clamping action of fixture and work holder, ensure that the stability of annular workpieces, ensure that the precision of cutting, simultaneously
By the horizontal and vertical automation control of cutting assembly, the demand in cutting tool path, whole process operation letter ensure that
Single, precise structure, the completion for capableing of high standard in annular workpieces inner surface cut the operation of shallow mouth.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the main schematic diagram of mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the mechanism side schematic view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the mechanism front schematic view of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is that the mechanism of the present invention bows schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is the cutting assembly driving body schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the work holder schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the cutting assembly schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the cutting assembly operating diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the chuck clamps schematic diagram of the present invention.
Figure 10 is the synchronous belt operating diagram of the present invention.
Specific implementation mode
The present invention is further explained in the light of specific embodiments.
Below with reference to specific implementation mode shown in the drawings, the present invention will be described in detail.But these embodiments are simultaneously
The present invention is not limited, structure that those skilled in the art are made according to these embodiments, method or functionally
Transformation is included within the scope of protection of the present invention.Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific embodiment to the present invention application principle make into
One step describes.
Cutting mechanism includes supporting box 1, chuck clamps 2, work holder 3, portal support 4, cutting assembly 5, card
Dish driving body 6, cutting assembly driving body 7.
Wherein, chuck clamps 2, portal support 4 are respectively positioned on the upper surface of supporting box 1, and chuck clamps 2 are located at portal support
The circumferential direction of 4 underface, chuck clamps 2 is equipped with multiple slidable sliding pawls, and sliding pawl has flat with 3 side of work holder
Capable clamping face, these slide pawl for the clamping to work holder 3, and chuck drive body 6 is used to drive the sliding of sliding pawl, work
Part clamping device 3 is located in chuck clamps 2, and cutting assembly driving body 7 is for driving cutting assembly 5.
Work holder 3 includes tablet 3-1, and elongated slot is offered in the middle part of tablet 3-1, and the side of tablet 3-1 is equipped with admittedly
Determine fixture block 3-2, the other side opposite with fixed fixture block 3-2, which is equipped with, to slide fixture block 3- along the sliding fixture block 3-3 that elongated slot moves
It is connected with the piston rod of drive cylinder 3-4 on 3, plate faces of the sliding fixture block 3-3 equipped with trapezoidal sliding tablet 3-1 is equipped with scale strip
Plate, specifically, tablet 3-1 is equipped with scale board slot, the scale batten of different linear modules is replaceable to be set in scale board slot,
The front of fixed fixture block 3-2 has " V " shape notch, is equipped with handle on fixed fixture block 3-2 and sliding fixture block 3-3, operator can
Work holder 3 to be seated in chuck clamps 2 by handle.
Cutting assembly 5 includes riser 5-1, and the reverse side of riser 5-1 is equipped with vertical drive motor 5-2, and the front of riser 5-1 is set
There are longitudinal synchronous pulley 5-3 and longitudinal slide rail 5-4, the drive shaft of vertical drive motor 5-2 to pass through riser 5-1 and longitudinal synchronous belt
The driving wheel connection of 5-3 is taken turns, the driving wheel of longitudinal synchronous pulley 5-3 passes through longitudinal synchronous band connection, longitudinal slide rail with driven wheel
5-4 is equipped with longitudinal sliding block 5-5, and the side of longitudinal sliding block 5-5 is connected with the synchronous band plate being arranged on longitudinal synchronous belt, longitudinal
The front of sliding block 5-5 is connect by connector with transverse slat 5-6, and the reverse side of transverse slat 5-6 is equipped with horizontal drive motor 5-7, transverse slat 5-6
Front be equipped with synchronous cross belt wheel 5-8 and horizontal slide rail 5-9, the drive shaft of horizontal drive motor 5-7 pass through transverse slat 5-6 with it is horizontal
Connected to the driving wheel of synchronous pulley 5-8, the driving wheel and driven wheel of synchronous cross belt wheel 5-8 by synchronous cross band connection,
Horizontal slide rail 5-9 is equipped with transverse slider 5-10, the upper surface of transverse slider 5-10 and the synchronous belt being arranged on synchronous cross band
Plate is connected, and connecting plate 5-11 is fixed on transverse slider 5-10, and the bottom of connecting plate 5-11 is equipped with rebound, is connected on rebound
There are cutting tool 5-12, cutting tool 5-12 to be equipped with cutter head.
Cutting assembly driving body 7 includes the balladeur train 7-1 being located on portal support 4, and the middle part of balladeur train 7-1 is hollow-core construction,
The lower part of the hollow-core construction is sliding rail, coordinates in sliding rail and is equipped with sliding nut 7-2, sliding nut 7-2 is equipped with silk
Thick stick 7-3, leading screw 7-3 are extended to outside balladeur train 7-1 along hollow parts and are connect with driving body 7-4, and driving body 7-4 is driving handwheel
And/or motor, preferably handwheel, the side wall of sliding nut 7-2 are connect with sliding hoop plate 7-5, sliding hoop plate 7-5 is sheathed on cunning
It is connected on frame 7-1 and with the side of riser 5-1, as a kind of specific scheme, the side wall of sliding nut 7-2 is at least three groups of companies
Column is connect, the side plate of sliding hoop plate 7-5 is equipped with the connecting hole equal with connecting pole quantity, and connecting pole connects with corresponding connecting hole
Driving motor is equipped in supporting box 1, the drive shaft of the driving motor is connected with driving wheel, which passes through same
Step band is connected with driven wheel, and the connected drive shaft of the driven wheel is connected with transmission component in chuck clamps 2, and transmission component can be
Gear set, turbine and worm component, belt component etc., transmission component are used to drive the sliding of sliding pawl.
Cutting assembly 5 is coated with electrical protection box, and electrical protection box is equipped with and is opened for controlling the control of cutting assembly 5
It closes, these control switches can be by electrical control cabinet progress numerical control control, known in the mode that is specifically electrically connected and control mode conduct
Content repeats no more.Driving wheel, driven wheel, synchronous belt on supporting box 1 are externally provided with protection cap.The branch of supporting box 1
Leg is equipped with stabilizer blade, and 4 bottom of portal support is equipped with support baseboard, for increasing stability.
The workpiece of being cut is preferably annular workpieces, as the further application of above-described embodiment, realizes above-mentioned annular
The cutting step that work piece inner surface makes shallow mouth is as follows：
A）Work holder is placed in chuck clamps, start chuck drive body motor, synchronous pulley, synchronous belt and
Under the driving of drive shaft, work holder is consolidated and is clamped in chuck by the sliding pawl sliding of transmission component driving in chuck clamps
B）One end of the workpiece is pushed against the " V " shape of fixed fixture block by the work-piece that will be cut on work holder
In notch, start drive cylinder, under the promotion of the piston rod of drive cylinder, sliding fixture block is slided and pressed from both sides to the other end of workpiece
C）The driving body on balladeur train is operated, under the driving of leading screw, sliding nut drives sliding hoop plate to be slided along balladeur train, then band
Dynamic cutting assembly slides into right over workpiece；
D）The vertical drive motor for operating cutting assembly, under the driving operation of motor, longitudinal synchronous belt, synchronous pulley, synchronization
Band plate drives longitudinal sliding block longitudinal sliding motion in longitudinal slide rail, then drives in cutting tool to annular workpieces；
E）The driving body on balladeur train is operated again, under the driving of leading screw, sliding nut drives sliding hoop plate to be slided along balladeur train, after
And cutting assembly is driven to slide so that the cutter head of cutting tool has with annular workpieces inner surface suitably to be contacted；
F）The vertical drive motor and horizontal drive motor of cooperating cutting assembly, under the driving operation of motor, synchronous belt,
Synchronous pulley, synchronous band plate belt movable slider longitudinal sliding motion on sliding rail so that the cutter head of cutting tool is in annular workpieces
Surface carries out shallow mouth cutting；
G）After the completion of cutting, the driving body on balladeur train is operated so that the cutter head of cutting tool leaves annular workpieces inner surface
Then the distance of 1-3cm operates the vertical drive motor of cutting assembly so that cutting tool longitudinally moves to outside annular workpieces；
H）It is again started up drive cylinder, under the contraction of the piston rod of drive cylinder, sliding fixture block, will be annular far from annular workpieces
Workpiece is removed out of work holder, verifies cutting situation.
The basic principles, main features and advantages of the invention have been shown and described above.The technical staff of the industry should
Understand, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and the description in above embodiments and description only illustrates the present invention
Principle, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and improvements may be made to the invention, these variation and
Improvement all fall within the protetion scope of the claimed invention.The claimed scope of the invention is by appended claims and its waits
Effect object defines.