CN108670519A - A kind of adjustable electric traction device of orthopedic rehabilitation - Google Patents

A kind of adjustable electric traction device of orthopedic rehabilitation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108670519A
CN108670519A CN201810294311.1A CN201810294311A CN108670519A CN 108670519 A CN108670519 A CN 108670519A CN 201810294311 A CN201810294311 A CN 201810294311A CN 108670519 A CN108670519 A CN 108670519A
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bed body
electro
motor
supporting rod
patient
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CN201810294311.1A
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CN108670519B (en
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赵洪珍
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Chengdu Guanyu Technology Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F5/00Orthopaedic methods or devices for non-surgical treatment of bones or joints; Nursing devices; Anti-rape devices
    • A61F5/01Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces
    • A61F5/04Devices for stretching or reducing fractured limbs; Devices for distractions; Splints
    • A61F5/042Devices for stretching or reducing fractured limbs; Devices for distractions; Splints for extension or stretching

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  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Nursing (AREA)
  • Orthopedic Medicine & Surgery (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Biomedical Technology (AREA)
  • Heart & Thoracic Surgery (AREA)
  • Vascular Medicine (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Animal Behavior & Ethology (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Public Health (AREA)
  • Veterinary Medicine (AREA)
  • Rehabilitation Tools (AREA)
  • Invalid Beds And Related Equipment (AREA)
  • Orthopedics, Nursing, And Contraception (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of adjustable electric traction devices of orthopedic rehabilitation,Including supporting bed body,The top surface side of support bed body is provided with the back cushion that lies down,It is connected with supporting rack at the top of support bed body,Linkage leg shoulder movable device is provided on supporting rack,Support bed body top surface center is provided with waist movable device,The top surface other side of support bed body is provided with ankle movable device,Supporting bed body side surface is fixedly connected with backup plate,Backup plate bottom end is fixedly connected with cushion,The both sides of backup plate are provided with ancon movable device,The surface top of backup plate is provided with neck movable device,The device can be in active patient shoulder,Under the premise of the large joints such as leg,To ankle-joint,Elbow joint,The Minor articulus such as neck joint also carry out traction therapeutic,It can make each joint joint activity of patient simultaneously,Be conducive to improve the harmony at each position of patient body,In addition,The device can also carry out incremental activity to the joint of patient,So that the using effect of device is more preferable.

Description

A kind of adjustable electric traction device of orthopedic rehabilitation
Technical field
The present invention relates to orthopaedic medical treatment field, the adjustable electric traction device of specially a kind of orthopedic rehabilitation.
Background technology
Orthopaedics is one of most common section office of various big hospital, main dissection, physiology and the pathology for studying skeletal musculature, The normal morphology and function of this system are kept and developed with drug, operation and physical method.With the change in epoch and society More, injury of orthopaedics department spectrum has apparent variation, for example, the diseases such as tuberculous osteoarthropathy, osteomyelitis, infantile paralysis significantly reduce, Wound showed increased caused by traffic accident.
Osteology is also known as orthopedia.It is the profession or subject of medicine, specializes in the solution of skeletal musculature It cuts open, physiology and pathology, the normal morphology and function of this system is kept and developed with drug, operation and physical method, and Treat the sick and wounded of this system.Osteology is also known as orthopedia.It is the profession or subject of medicine, specializes in skeletal muscle Dissection, physiology and the pathology of meat system, kept with drug, operation and physical method and develop the normal morphology of this system with Function, and treat the sick and wounded of this system.
With the development of science and technology and progress, osteology have prodigious progress in terms of diagnosis, treatment.Hand surgery It establishes and develops, the Diagnosis Technique of hand injury is made to be popularized and be improved rapidly;The extensive development of microsurgery, makes more toes Free Hand Reconstruction, nerve tract coincide and loosen, and identical between the parteriole of 0.2mm has no longer been mythical;Using new art formula The diseases such as treatment scoliosis, cervical spondylosis and cervical spinal stenosis all achieve preferable osteology effect;Arthritic is taken Various effective art formulas so that the patient to lie in bed for many years stands up from newly;To treating from single for malignant bone tumor Amputation develops to comprehensive treatment, improves the cure rate and survival rate of operation.In short, development and the preclinical medicine of osteology, The development of especially experimental medicine and material science is undivided.
During orthopaedics therapy, commonly uses electric traction device and promoted type rehabilitation is carried out to patient with bone disease, make Obtain the rehabilitation speed of patient faster.The existing electric traction device for orthopedic rehabilitation generally includes support bed body, and is propping up Several leashes are set on straightener body, and leash connects around the output end of fixed pulley and electro-motor so that in electronic horse Under the drive reached, the activity of patient's arm, leg can be realized, so as to improve the speed of Rehabilitation.
For example, application No. is 201710113083.9 patent documents to disclose a kind of traction table mechanism of orthopaedics, it should Device is additionally provided with support plate by being fixed with the riser being vertically arranged in one end of bed board, on the surface of bed board, branch One end of fagging is hinged on the bed board surface, and riser surface is respectively arranged with first pulley and second pulley from top to bottom, stands The one side of plate towards support plate, which is equipped with, vertically can slidably be provided with fixed supported slab, be provided through on fixed supported slab Hole is provided with leg haulage gear in support plate, and traction rope one end is fixed on leg haulage gear, and the other end passes through through hole and company It is connected to handle, and traction rope is respectively wound around in first pulley and second pulley, can solve general traction table and be not easy to adjust Save the traction angle of leg, and draw it is elastic need doctor to adjust, the problem of patient oneself is inconvenient to adjust
But existing orthopedic rehabilitation is had the following defects with electronic draft gear:
(1) existing electric traction device only focuses on leg and the shoulder of active patient mostly, and some are relatively small It is stiff if joint such as ankle-joint, elbow joint, neck joint etc. so that narrow scope of application, the function of device are less, unfavorable In the use of patient;
(2) existing electric traction device is all independent activity mostly when to the joint carry out activity of patient so that is suffered from It does not link between each joint of person, is unfavorable for the rehabilitation of patient;
(3) when to the joint carry out activity of patient, it should follow incremental principle, otherwise be easy to make patient again Secondary injury, and existing electric traction device can not accomplish this point well so that the using effect of device is bad, and holds very much It is also easy to produce adverse side effects.
Invention content
In order to overcome the shortcomings of that prior art, a kind of orthopedic rehabilitation of present invention offer are filled with adjustable electric traction It sets, which can be small to ankle-joint, elbow joint, neck joint etc. under the premise of the large joints such as active patient shoulder, leg Joint also carries out traction therapeutic so that and the use scope of device is wider, meanwhile, it is capable to make each joint joint activity of patient, The harmony for being conducive to improve each position of patient body, is conducive to the rehabilitation of patient, in addition, the device can also be to the pass of patient Section carries out incremental activity so that the using effect of device is more preferable, can effectively solve the problem that the problem of background technology proposes.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
A kind of adjustable electric traction device of orthopedic rehabilitation, including support bed body, and in the top surface one of support bed body Side is provided with the back cushion that lies down, and is fixedly connected with the supporting rack of inverted "L" shape at the top of the support bed body, and be arranged on supporting rack There are linkage leg shoulder movable device, the top surface center of the support bed body to be provided with waist movable device, and on the top of support bed body Face is provided with ankle movable device relative to the other side for the back cushion that lies down;
The side of the support bed body is fixedly connected with backup plate, and is fixedly connected with cushion in the bottom end of backup plate, described to lean on The both sides of plate are provided with ancon movable device, and the surface top of backup plate is provided with neck movable device.
Further, the linkage leg shoulder movable device includes two pairs of preceding tilting supporting rods arranged in a crossed manner and rear tilting branch Strut, and the top of preceding tilting supporting rod and rear tilting supporting rod is flexibly connected with supporting rack, each pair of preceding tilting branch It is connected by span regulating mechanism between strut and rear tilting supporting rod, and positioned at the preceding tilting supporting rod of the same side and retreaded It sets and is fixedly connected by connecting plate between supporting rod, the bottom end of the preceding tilting supporting rod and rear tilting supporting rod is respectively connected with Fixed pulley, and leash is arranged on fixed pulley, the bottom end of the leash is respectively connected with crossbar, and the bottom of crossbar It is respectively connected with elastic bagging.
Further, the surface of the connecting plate is installed with the first electro-motor, and the first electro-motor is defeated Outlet is connected with driving shaft, and the surface of the driving shaft is both provided with driving gear, and the both sides of driving shaft be both provided with by The inner end of moving axis, the driven axle is connect by swivel bearing with connecting plate, and is both provided with and master on the surface of driven axle The driven gear of moving gear engagement, the outer end of the driven axle are both provided with around slot, and the top of leash with it is corresponding around Slot is fixedly connected.
Further, the bottom surface both side of the connecting plate is both provided with sliding rail, and is mounted on and sliding rail on sliding rail The bottom end of the electronic sliding block matched, the electronic sliding block is respectively connected with curved bar, and the outer end of curved bar is respectively connected with and is matched with leash Leading block.
Further, the span regulating mechanism includes being arranged in preceding tilting supporting rod and rear tilting supporting rod medial surface Bar-shaped trough, and it is both provided with adjusting rod, the both ends of the adjusting rod between each pair of preceding tilting supporting rod and rear tilting supporting rod It is both provided with adjusting slider, and adjusting slider is stuck in corresponding bar-shaped trough, passes through company between the adjusting rod described in two Extension bar is fixedly connected, and the center of connecting rod is provided with screw hole, and the second electronic horse is installed at the top of support frame as described above It reaches, and the output end of the second electro-motor is connected with driving screw rod, the driving screw rod is plugged in screw hole, support frame as described above Top both sides are both provided with limit hole, and the top surface both ends of the connecting rod are respectively connected with gag lever post, and gag lever post is plugged in respectively In corresponding limit hole.
Further, the waist movable device includes the square groove being arranged in support bed body top surface center, and rectangular Lumbar support plate is provided in slot, the top surface of the lumbar support plate is provided with the inner groovy for meeting organization of human body, and in indent The surface of slot is provided with cushion, and there are two perforative through-holes for the side setting of the lumbar support plate, and are inserted in through-hole The both sides inner wall of cross bar, the square groove is both provided with vertical slot, and the both ends of cross bar are plugged in respectively in corresponding vertical slot, described The surface both ends of cross bar are arranged with resetting spring, and the inner end of resetting spring is fixedly connected with lumbar support plate.
Further, the inner wall of the square groove is provided with placing groove, and third electro-motor is equipped in placing groove, The output end of the third electro-motor is connected with the rotary shaft vertical with cross bar, and is equipped with annular in the outer cover of rotary shaft and turns The surface of disk, the annular rotary table is provided with 2-4 equally distributed serrate projections, and the bottom surface of the lumbar support plate is provided with With the matched sawtooth card slot of serrate projections.
Further, the ankle movable device includes the foot pedal being arranged in support bed body top surface both sides, and foot pedal Bottom end be flexibly connected with support bed body, be provided between the foot pedal described in two and be fixed on the 4th electric of support bed body top surface Dynamic motor, and the output end of the 4th electro-motor is connected with drive shaft, there are two annular groove, institutes for the surface setting of the drive shaft The pulley yoke for being both provided on rear side of foot pedal and being fixed on support bed body top surface is stated, and adjustable pulley is installed on pulley yoke, Adjusting rope is respectively connected at the top of the bottom end of the foot pedal, and adjusting rope bypasses adjustable pulley and connects with corresponding annular groove It connects, the bottom end center of the foot pedal is fixedly connected by adjustment spring with support bed body.
Further, the ancon movable device includes two swivel plates for being located at backup plate arranged on left and right sides, and by The arranged on left and right sides face top of plate is installed with the 5th electro-motor, and the output end of the 5th electro-motor is all connected with work Moving axis, and the bottom end of movable axis is fixedly connected with corresponding swivel plate, the side of the movable axis is both provided with limited block, institute The front and rear ends for stating backup plate left and right side are respectively connected with plane banking stop and right angle banking stop, and the surface of the swivel plate is all provided with It is equipped with bandage.
Further, the neck movable device includes the arc groove being located at by plate surface top, and at the bottom of arc groove Face is provided with motor groove, the 6th electro-motor is placed in the motor groove, and the output end of the 6th electro-motor is connected with and leads Draw axis, arc headrest is provided in the arc groove, and the bottom end of arc headrest is fixedly connected with axis of traction, the arc headrest Top be flexibly connected with the top of arc groove by fixing axle, and the surface of arc headrest is provided with cushion.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
(1) present invention can not only carry out traction activity to large joints such as the shoulder of patient, leg, waists, additionally it is possible to right The Minor articulus such as ankle-joint, elbow joint, neck joint carry out activity so that the sphere of action of device is wider, with better function, can It is applicable in different types of patient with bone disease;
(2) present invention the different joints of patient can be made mutually link, joint activity, be conducive to improve patient body entirety Harmony, the rehabilitation in subjects bones joint can be promoted, keep the function and effect of device more preferable;
(3) present invention can follow incremental principle, avoid activity when to the joint carry out activity of patient with bone disease It is excessively fierce, therapeutic effect can not only be improved, additionally it is possible to avoid patient's secondary injury.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the driving gear overlooking structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the curved bar side structure schematic view of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the connecting rod side structure schematic view of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the bar shaped slot structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the lumbar support plate side structure schematic view of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the lumbar support plate overlooking structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the foot pedal side structure schematic view of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the drive shaft overlooking structure diagram of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the right angle banking stop overlooking structure diagram of the present invention;
Figure 11 is the arc headrest overlooking structure diagram of the present invention;
Figure 12 is the motor slot structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Figure label:
1- supports bed body;2- supporting racks;3- linkage leg shoulder movable devices;4- waist movable devices;5- ankle movable devices; 6- ancon movable devices;7- neck movable devices;8- span regulating mechanisms;9- lies down back cushion;10- backup plates;11- cushions;
Tilting supporting rod before 301-;Tilting supporting rod after 302-;303- connecting plates;304- fixed pulleys;305- leashes; 306- crossbars;307- elasticity baggings;The first electro-motors of 308-;309- driving shafts;310- driving gears;311- driven axles; 312- swivel bearings;313- driven gears;314- is around slot;315- sliding rails;The electronic sliding blocks of 316-;317- curved bars;318-, which is oriented to, to be slided Wheel;
401- square grooves;402- lumbar support plates;403- inner groovies;404- cushions;405- through-holes;406- cross bars;407- Vertical slot;408- resetting springs;409- placing grooves;410- third electro-motors;411- rotary shafts;412- annular rotary tables;413- is sawed Tooth protrusion;414- sawtooth card slots;
501- foot pedals;The 4th electro-motors of 502-;503- drive shafts;504- annular grooves;505- pulley yokes;506- is adjusted Pulley;507- adjusting ropes;508- adjustment springs;
601- swivel plates;The 5th electro-motors of 602-;603- movable axis;604- limited blocks;605- plane banking stops;606- Right angle banking stop;607- bandages;
701- arc grooves;702- motor grooves;The 6th electro-motors of 703-;704- axis of traction;705- arc headrests;706- is solid Dead axle;707- cushions;
801- bar-shaped troughs;802- adjusting rods;803- adjusting sliders;804- connecting rods;805- screw holes;The second electronic horses of 806- It reaches;807- drives screw rod;808- limit holes;809- gag lever posts.
Specific implementation mode
As shown in Figures 1 to 12, the present invention provides a kind of adjustable electric traction devices of orthopedic rehabilitation, including branch Straightener body 1, and the top surface side of support bed body 1 is provided with the back cushion 9 that lies down, support bed body 1 and the back cushion 9 that lies down are for for patient It lies down, preferably to carry out joint motion, the top of support bed body 1 is fixedly connected with the supporting rack 2 of inverted "L" shape, and is propping up Linkage leg shoulder movable device 3 is provided on support 2, supporting rack 2 is used to support linkage leg shoulder movable device 3, and the leg shoulder that links is lived Motivation structure 3 is used to carry out common traction activity to the shoulder of patient and leg.
The leg shoulder movable device 3 that links includes two pairs of preceding tilting supporting rods 301 arranged in a crossed manner and rear tilting supporting rod 302, And the top of preceding tilting supporting rod 301 and rear tilting supporting rod 302 is flexibly connected with supporting rack 2 so that preceding tilting supporting rod 301 and rear tilting supporting rod 302 can be rotated around supporting rack 2, each pair of preceding tilting supporting rod 301 and rear tilting supporting rod It is connected by span regulating mechanism 8 between 302, span regulating mechanism 8 is for adjusting each pair of preceding tilting supporting rod 301 and retreading Set the angle of the opening of supporting rod 302.
It is fixed and is connected by connecting plate 303 between tilting supporting rod 301 and rear tilting supporting rod 302 before the same side Connect so that the preceding tilting supporting rod 301 and rear tilting supporting rod 302 of the same side can associated movement, preceding 301 He of tilting supporting rod The bottom end of tilting supporting rod 302 is respectively connected with fixed pulley 304 afterwards, and leash 305, leash are arranged on fixed pulley 304 305 bottom end is respectively connected with crossbar 306, and the bottom of crossbar 306 is respectively connected with elastic bagging 307, and elastic bagging 307 is Soft and elastic material is made, and is used to support leg and the arm of patient.
The surface of connecting plate 303 is installed with the first electro-motor 308, and the output end of the first electro-motor 308 It is connected with driving shaft 309, the surface of driving shaft 309 is both provided with driving gear 310, and is respectively provided in the both sides of driving shaft 309 There are driven axle 311, the inner end of driven axle 311 to be connect with connecting plate 303 by swivel bearing 312, and in the table of driven axle 311 Face is both provided with the driven gear 313 engaged with driving gear 310, and the outer end of driven axle 311 is both provided with around slot 314, and is led The top of leader tape 305 is fixedly connected with corresponding around slot 314.
When the first electro-motor 308 works, driving shaft 309 can be driven to rotate, and in driving gear 310 and passive tooth Under the action of wheel 313, the driven axle 311 of both sides is set also and then to rotate, driven axle 311 rotates, and leash 305 can be made to be wrapped in On slot 314 so that elastic bagging 307 can move up under the drive of leash 305, to patient shoulder and leg When carrying out joint motion, the arms and legs of patient are individually placed on corresponding elastic bagging 307,307 top of elastic bagging is set There is bungee, the wrist and shank of patient can be hitched, then starts the first electro-motor 308, the leg of patient and arm Understand and be lifted under the action of leash 305, disconnect the first electro-motor 308 later, the leg of patient and arm can be made to weigh Decline under the action of power, repetitive operation, it, can be to patient's since the arms and legs portion of patient is at straight configuration Leg and shoulder carry out joint boot activity, help the leg of patient and the faster rehabilitation of shoulder, disconnect and startup first is electronic The method of motor 308 can both make to manually control, and can also add automechanism, make its regular break-make, manually control Benefit be patient can rely on oneself feel use, avoid exceeding the load of patient body, and the benefit automatically controlled is It saves and uses step, it is not necessary to frequent operation, it is specifically used to be decided in its sole discretion by patient, simultaneously as the leg of patient and shoulder Portion's associated movement can make the body harmony of patient more preferable, can accelerate the rehabilitation speed of osteopathy.
The bottom surface both side of connecting plate 303 is both provided with sliding rail 315, and is mounted on sliding rail 315 and is matched with sliding rail 315 Electronic sliding block 316 so that electronic sliding block 316 can move on sliding rail 315, and without departing from sliding rail 315, electronic sliding block 316 are initially positioned in the outermost end of sliding rail 315, and the bottom end of electronic sliding block 316 is respectively connected with curved bar 317, and the outer end of curved bar 317 Be respectively connected with 305 matched leading block 318 of leash, curved bar 317 be class " L " shape, and be open outside, leash 305 Around leading block 318, and can under the action of curved bar 317 outwardly convex.
When carrying out joint traction activity to the leg of patient and shoulder, can be made electronic by starting electronic sliding block 316 Sliding block 316 inwardly move, due to when leash 305 is initial under the action of curved bar 317 outwardly convex, can make electronic sliding block 316 when moving inward, and the amplitude of 305 protrusion of leash continuously decreases so that the first electro-motor 308 situation constant in rotating speed Under, the speed that leash 305 is promoted increases so that when to the shoulder of patient and leg carry out activity, can gradually increase width Degree, the excessive velocities that can be promoted to avoid leash 305 cause patient inadaptable, more serious to lead to patient's secondary injury, have Conducive to the using effect of raising device.
Span regulating mechanism 8 includes the bar-shaped trough being arranged in preceding tilting supporting rod 301 and rear 302 medial surface of tilting supporting rod 801, and it is both provided with adjusting rod 802 between each pair of preceding tilting supporting rod 301 and rear tilting supporting rod 302, adjusting rod 802 Both ends are both provided with adjusting slider 803, and adjusting slider 803 is stuck in corresponding bar-shaped trough 801 so that adjusting rod 802 It can be moved up and down along bar-shaped trough 801 so that tilting supporting rod 302 opens after tilting supporting rod 301 and two before two Angle can and then change.
It is fixedly connected by connecting rod 804 between two adjusting rods 802 so that two adjusting rods 802 can be connected bar The center of 804 co- controllings, connecting rod 804 is provided with screw hole 805, and the top of supporting rack 2 is installed with the second electro-motor 806, and the output end of the second electro-motor 806 is connected with driving screw rod 807, driving screw rod 807 is plugged in screw hole 805, props up The top both sides of support 2 are both provided with limit hole 808, and the top surface both ends of connecting rod 804 are respectively connected with gag lever post 809, and limit Bar 809 is plugged in respectively in corresponding limit hole 808 so that connecting rod 804 can only move down on the direction along gag lever post 809 It is dynamic, and can not rotate, when the second electro-motor 806 works, driving screw rod 807 can realize forward or reverse, due to driving The connection type of screw rod 807 and screw hole 805 is to be threadedly coupled, and drive the rotating speed of screw rod 807 very fast, can make connecting rod 804 Rising or falling by a relatively large margin.
It, can be by starting the second electro-motor 806 so that adjusting rod when to the shoulder of patient and leg carry out activity 802 lift under the drive of connecting rod 804, to which tilting supporting rod 302 opens after tilting supporting rod 301 before making two and two Angle change so that patient legs and shoulder can carry out the activity of multiple directions, be conducive to improve movable effect, Accelerate the rehabilitation speed of patient.
The top surface center of support bed body 1 is provided with waist movable device 4, and waist movable device 4 includes being arranged in supporting bed The square groove 401 in 1 top surface of body center, and lumbar support plate 402 is provided in square groove 401, the top surface of lumbar support plate 402 It is provided with the inner groovy 403 for meeting organization of human body, and the surface of inner groovy 403 is provided with cushion 404, when patient lies in support When in bed body 1, the waist of patient can be just stuck on inner groovy 403, and cushion 404 is made of materials such as sponge, cotton goods, be used In the waist of protection patient.
There are two perforative through-holes 405 for the side setting of lumbar support plate 402, and are inserted with cross bar in through-hole 405 406, the both sides inner wall of square groove 401 is both provided with vertical slot 407, and the both ends of cross bar 406 are plugged in corresponding vertical slot 407 respectively It is interior so that lumbar support plate 402 can be suspended on square groove 401, and can be moved left and right along cross bar 406, meanwhile, it is capable to make Lumbar support plate 402, cross bar 406 are whole to be moved up and down along vertical slot 407, and the surface both ends of cross bar 406 are arranged with reset bullet Spring 408, and the inner end of resetting spring 408 is fixedly connected with lumbar support plate 402, resetting spring 408 is so that lumbar support plate 402 after moving left and right, and can return to original position.
The inner wall of square groove 401 is provided with placing groove 409, and third electro-motor 410 is equipped in placing groove 409, The output end of third electro-motor 410 is connected with the rotary shaft 411 vertical with cross bar 406, and is arranged in the outside of rotary shaft 411 There is annular rotary table 412 so that third electro-motor 410 at work, can make annular rotary table 412 in the drive of rotary shaft 411 The surface of lower rotation, annular rotary table 412 is provided with 2-4 equally distributed serrate projections 413, the bottom surface of lumbar support plate 402 Be provided with 413 matched sawtooth card slot 414 of serrate projections, the top of annular rotary table 412 is close to the bottom of lumbar support plate 402 Face, and when the rotation of annular rotary table 412, serrate projections 412 can be made first to be inserted into sawtooth card slot 414, then drive lumbar support plate 402 movements, are finally detached from sawtooth card slot 414.
When patient lies in support bed body 1, starting third electro-motor 410 so that annular rotary table 412 rotates, due to The engaging of serrate projections 412 and sawtooth card slot 414 can make lumbar support plate 402 be moved to side, and in the process of moving First rise and decline again, finally returns to original position under the action of resetting spring 408 again, and repeat this process so that the waist of patient The twisting that can carry out arc, to reach animation effect, in addition, the device can make patient when carrying out waist activity, together Shi Jinhang shoulders and leg movements can not only improve the harmony of patient's entirety, additionally it is possible to improve therapeutic effect.
The top surface of support bed body 1 is provided with ankle movable device 5, ankle moving machine relative to the other side for the back cushion 9 that lies down Structure 5 includes the foot pedal 501 being arranged in 1 top surface both sides of support bed body, and the surface of foot pedal 501, which is provided with, meets human body foot type The bottom end of groove, foot pedal 501 is flexibly connected with support bed body 1 so that foot pedal 501 can be front and back turn around support bed body 1 It is dynamic, the 4th electro-motor 502 for being fixed on 1 top surface of support bed body, and the 4th electro-motor are provided between two foot pedals 501 502 output end is connected with drive shaft 503, and there are two annular grooves 504 for the surface setting of drive shaft 503 so that the 4th electronic horse Up to when 502 work, drive shaft 503 can be made to rotate, and annular groove 504 is made also and then to rotate.
The rear side of foot pedal 501 is both provided with the pulley yoke 505 for being fixed on 1 top surface of support bed body, and on pulley yoke 505 Adjustable pulley 506 is installed, is respectively connected with adjusting rope 507 at the top of the bottom end of foot pedal 501, and adjusting rope 507 is around overregulating Pulley 506 is simultaneously connected with corresponding annular groove 504, and the bottom end center of foot pedal 501 passes through adjustment spring 508 and support bed body 1 is fixedly connected so that when the 4th electro-motor 502 works, adjusting rope 507 can be made to be shunk under the action of drive shaft 503 and twined Around, and foot pedal 501 is made to be rotated down, it is of course also possible to by rope is passed through between the side of foot pedal 501 and adjusting rope 507 Connection so that when adjusting rope 507 is shunk, foot pedal 501 can be made to move inward, when the 4th electro-motor 502 is stopped, Foot pedal 501 can return to original position under the elastic force of adjustment spring 508.
When patient lies in support bed body 1, the foot of patient can be inserted in foot pedal 501, while intermittent open Dynamic and the 4th electro-motor 502 of closing, can make foot pedal 501 in the traction of adjusting rope 507 and the elastic force of adjustment spring 508 It is lower constantly all around to rotate, to achieve the purpose that active patient ankle so that device can be in active patient shoulder, leg Etc. on the basis of large joints, be also capable of the Minor articulus of active patient so that the purposes of device is more extensive, likewise, suffering from activity When person's ankle, waist activity, leg movements and shoulder activity can also be equally carried out.
The side of support bed body 1 is fixedly connected with backup plate 10, and is fixedly connected with cushion 11 in the bottom end of backup plate 10 so that Patient can be sitting in cushion 11 and lean against on backup plate 10, and the both sides of backup plate 10 are provided with ancon movable device 6, ancon movable device 6 include two swivel plates 601 for being located at 10 arranged on left and right sides of backup plate, and fixed on the arranged on left and right sides face top of backup plate 10 5th electro-motor 602 is installed, the output end of the 5th electro-motor 602 is all connected with movable axis 603, and the bottom of movable axis 603 End be fixedly connected with corresponding swivel plate 601 so that the 5th electro-motor 602 work when, can make swivel plate 601 around by The side of plate 10 rotates.
The side of movable axis 603 is both provided with limited block 604, and the front and rear ends of 10 left and right side of backup plate are respectively connected with flat Face banking stop 605 and right angle banking stop 606, plane banking stop 605 and right angle banking stop 606 can be to the rotations of movable axis 603 It is limited, makes it that can only rotate 90 °, the surface of swivel plate 601 is both provided with bandage 607, and bandage 607 is used for the arm of patient Arm ties up on swivel plate 601.
When patient is sitting on cushion 11, the arm of patient can be tied up on swivel plate 601, and start the 5th electronic horse Up to 602, movable axis 603 is made to rotate and reverse, due to the limitation of limited block 604 so that swivel plate 601 can only be in 90 ° of range Interior rotation so that the ancon of patient can be movable, and will not be damaged because being more than ancon scope of activities, is conducive to patient's ancon pass The recovery of section.
The surface top of backup plate 10 is provided with neck movable device 7, and neck movable device 7 includes being located at 10 surface of backup plate to push up The arc groove 701 at end, and the bottom surface of arc groove 701 is provided with motor groove 702, the 6th electronic horse is placed in motor groove 702 Output end up to the 703, and the 6th electro-motor 703 is connected with axis of traction 704, and arc headrest 705 is provided in arc groove 701, And the bottom end of arc headrest 705 is fixedly connected with axis of traction 704, the top of arc headrest 705 passes through fixing axle 706 and arc groove 701 top flexible connection, and the surface of arc headrest 705 is provided with cushion 707, the shape of arc headrest 705 meets people The shape on body head, cushion 707 are used to protect the head of patient.
When patient leans against on backup plate 10, the head of patient can lean against on arc headrest 705, start the 6th electro-motor 703, the positive and negative rotation under the drive of axis of traction 704 of arc headrest 705 can be made so that and the head of patient also can and then turn to, To achieve the purpose that active patient neck, likewise, the device also can make the neck of patient and ancon be carried out at the same time activity, Be conducive to improve the effect of traction therapeutic.
It is noted that the first electro-motor 308 of the present apparatus, electronic sliding block 316, the second electro-motor 806, third Electro-motor 410, the 4th electro-motor 502,703 equal independent control of the 5th electro-motor 602 and the 6th electro-motor, and connect Electric wire be separately positioned on support bed body 1, supporting rack 2 and backup plate 10 inside, meanwhile, the parameter of each electric device, rotation, move Dynamic direction, rotational angle and switch etc. can all regulate and control so that each device does not interact, and can preferably use.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of adjustable electric traction device of orthopedic rehabilitation, including support bed body (1) and setting are pushed up in support bed body (1) The back cushion that lies down (9) of face side, it is characterised in that:The supporting rack of inverted "L" shape is fixedly connected at the top of the support bed body (1) (2), it and on supporting rack (2) is provided with linkage leg shoulder movable device (3), the top surface center of support bed body (1) is provided with waist Movable device (4) is provided with ankle movable device in the top surface of support bed body (1) relative to the other side of the back cushion that lies down (9) (5);
The side of support bed body (1) is fixedly connected with backup plate (10), and is fixedly connected with cushion (11) in the bottom end of backup plate (10), The both sides of the backup plate (10) are provided with ancon movable device (6), and the surface top of backup plate (10) is provided with neck activity Mechanism (7).
2. a kind of adjustable electric traction device of orthopedic rehabilitation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Dynamic leg shoulder movable device (3) includes two pairs of preceding tilting supporting rods (301) arranged in a crossed manner and rear tilting supporting rod (302), and preceding The top of tilting supporting rod (301) and rear tilting supporting rod (302) is flexibly connected with supporting rack (2), it is each pair of it is described it is preceding tiltedly It sets and is connected by span regulating mechanism (8) between supporting rod (301) and rear tilting supporting rod (302), and positioned at the same side It is fixedly connected by connecting plate (303) between preceding tilting supporting rod (301) and rear tilting supporting rod (302), it is described preceding tilting The bottom end of supporting rod (301) and rear tilting supporting rod (302) is respectively connected with fixed pulley (304), and is arranged on fixed pulley (304) There is leash (305), the bottom end of the leash (305) is respectively connected with crossbar (306), and the bottom of crossbar (306) is equal It is connected with elastic bagging (307).
3. a kind of adjustable electric traction device of orthopedic rehabilitation according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The company The surface of fishplate bar (303) is installed with the first electro-motor (308), and the output end connection of the first electro-motor (308) There are driving shaft (309), the surface of the driving shaft (309) to be both provided with driving gear (310), and the two of driving shaft (309) Side is both provided with driven axle (311), and the inner end of the driven axle (311) is connected by swivel bearing (312) and connecting plate (303) It connects, and is both provided with the driven gear (313) engaged with driving gear (310), the driven axle on the surface of driven axle (311) (311) outer end is both provided with around slot (314), and the top of leash (305) is fixedly connected with corresponding around slot (314).
4. a kind of adjustable electric traction device of orthopedic rehabilitation according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The company The bottom surface both side of fishplate bar (303) is both provided with sliding rail (315), and is mounted on sliding rail (315) matched with sliding rail (315) The bottom end of electronic sliding block (316), the electronic sliding block (316) is respectively connected with curved bar (317), and the outer end of curved bar (317) connects It is connected to and leash (305) matched leading block (318).
5. a kind of adjustable electric traction device of orthopedic rehabilitation according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:It is described across It includes bar-shaped trough of the setting in preceding tilting supporting rod (301) and rear tilting supporting rod (302) medial surface to spend regulating mechanism (8) (801), adjusting rod (802), institute and between each pair of preceding tilting supporting rod (301) and rear tilting supporting rod (302) are both provided with The both ends for stating adjusting rod (802) are both provided with adjusting slider (803), and adjusting slider (803) is stuck in corresponding bar-shaped trough (801) it in, is fixedly connected by connecting rod (804) between the adjusting rod (802) described in two, and in connecting rod (804) Centre is provided with screw hole (805), and the second electro-motor (806), and the second electronic horse are installed at the top of support frame as described above (2) Output end up to (806) is connected with driving screw rod (807), and the driving screw rod (807) is plugged in screw hole (805), the branch The top both sides of support (2) are both provided with limit hole (808), and the top surface both ends of the connecting rod (804) are respectively connected with gag lever post (809), and gag lever post (809) is plugged in respectively in corresponding limit hole (808).
6. a kind of adjustable electric traction device of orthopedic rehabilitation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The waist Portion's movable device (4) includes square groove (401) of the setting in support bed body (1) top surface center, and is arranged in square groove (401) There are lumbar support plate (402), the top surface of the lumbar support plate (402) to be provided with the inner groovy (403) for meeting organization of human body, and The surface of inner groovy (403) is provided with cushion (404), there are two perforative for the side setting of the lumbar support plate (402) Through-hole (405), and cross bar (406) is inserted in the through-hole (405), the both sides inner wall of the square groove (401) are both provided with perpendicular Slot (407), and the both ends of cross bar (406) are plugged in respectively in corresponding vertical slot (407), the surface both ends of the cross bar (406) It is arranged with resetting spring (408), and the inner end of resetting spring (408) is fixedly connected with lumbar support plate (402).
7. a kind of adjustable electric traction device of orthopedic rehabilitation according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The side The inner wall of shape slot (401) is provided with placing groove (409), and is equipped with third electro-motor (410), institute in placing groove (409) The output end for stating third electro-motor (410) is connected with the rotary shaft vertical with cross bar (406) (411), and in rotary shaft (411) Outer cover be equipped with annular rotary table (412), it is convex that the surface of the annular rotary table (412) is provided with 2-4 equally distributed sawtooth It rises (413), the bottom surface of the lumbar support plate (402) is provided with and the matched sawtooth card slot (414) of serrate projections (413).
8. a kind of adjustable electric traction device of orthopedic rehabilitation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The foot Ankle movable device (5) include setting support bed body (1) top surface both sides foot pedal (501), and the bottom end of foot pedal (501) with It supports bed body (1) to be flexibly connected, is provided between the foot pedal (501) described in two and is fixed on the of support bed body (1) top surface Four electro-motors (502), and the output end of the 4th electro-motor (502) is connected with drive shaft (503), the drive shaft (503) Surface setting there are two annular groove (504), be both provided on rear side of the foot pedal (501) and be fixed on support bed body (1) and push up The pulley yoke (505) in face, and adjustable pulley (506) is installed on pulley yoke (505), the bottom end top of the foot pedal (501) Portion is respectively connected with adjusting rope (507), and adjusting rope (507) bypasses adjustable pulley (506) and connects with corresponding annular groove (504) It connects, the bottom end center of the foot pedal (501) is fixedly connected by adjustment spring (508) with support bed body (1).
9. a kind of adjustable electric traction device of orthopedic rehabilitation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The elbow Portion's movable device (6) include two swivel plates (601) for being located at backup plate (10) arranged on left and right sides, and a left side for backup plate (10), Right two sides top is installed with the 5th electro-motor (602), and the output end of the 5th electro-motor (602) is all connected with Movable axis (603), and the bottom end of movable axis (603) is fixedly connected with corresponding swivel plate (601), the movable axis (603) Side be both provided with limited block (604), the front and rear ends of backup plate (10) left and right side are respectively connected with plane banking stop (605) and right angle banking stop (606), the surface of the swivel plate (601) are both provided with bandage (607).
10. a kind of adjustable electric traction device of orthopedic rehabilitation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described Neck movable device (7) includes the arc groove (701) positioned at backup plate (10) surface top, and is set in the bottom surface of arc groove (701) It is equipped with motor groove (702), the 6th electro-motor (703), and the 6th electro-motor (703) are placed in the motor groove (702) Output end be connected with axis of traction (704), is provided with arc headrest (705), and arc headrest in the arc groove (701) (705) bottom end is fixedly connected with axis of traction (704), and the top of the arc headrest (705) passes through fixing axle (706) and arc The top of slot (701) is flexibly connected, and the surface of arc headrest (705) is provided with cushion (707).
CN201810294311.1A 2018-04-04 2018-04-04 Electric traction device with adjustable orthopedics is recovered with Expired - Fee Related CN108670519B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111388274A (en) * 2020-03-24 2020-07-10 刘涛 Orthopedics is fixed and resumes training bed
CN111658427A (en) * 2020-06-11 2020-09-15 李乐怀 Rehabilitation training device for patient
CN114681866A (en) * 2022-04-15 2022-07-01 重庆三峡学院 Limb traction training device capable of preventing force falling

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CN206587143U (en) * 2016-03-12 2017-10-27 郑敏 Quadruped locomotion apparatus and subring
CN107361994A (en) * 2017-07-26 2017-11-21 山东海天智能工程有限公司 Hand rehabilitation training device with wrist rehabilitation training function
WO2018025283A1 (en) * 2016-08-03 2018-02-08 Lauro Group S.R.L. Automated electro-medical system and related management method

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US5401236A (en) * 1994-03-10 1995-03-28 Summerville; Vernon R. Orthopedic traction apparatus
CN201067489Y (en) * 2007-07-23 2008-06-04 鲍俊瑶 Electromagnetical type swinging machine
CN201533884U (en) * 2009-09-16 2010-07-28 常州市钱璟康复器材有限公司 Traction net rack bed
CN204379504U (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-06-10 丁海勇 A kind of three shake straddle orthopedic traction bed
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CN205094738U (en) * 2015-10-22 2016-03-23 董卫芹 Low limbs function exercise draw gear
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111388274A (en) * 2020-03-24 2020-07-10 刘涛 Orthopedics is fixed and resumes training bed
CN111658427A (en) * 2020-06-11 2020-09-15 李乐怀 Rehabilitation training device for patient
CN114681866A (en) * 2022-04-15 2022-07-01 重庆三峡学院 Limb traction training device capable of preventing force falling

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