CN108649335A - Antenna module, electronic equipment and antenna switching method - Google Patents

Antenna module, electronic equipment and antenna switching method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108649335A
CN108649335A CN201810463524.2A CN201810463524A CN108649335A CN 108649335 A CN108649335 A CN 108649335A CN 201810463524 A CN201810463524 A CN 201810463524A CN 108649335 A CN108649335 A CN 108649335A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
radiator
electronic equipment
gap
antenna
metal edge
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201810463524.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN108649335B (en
Inventor
贾玉虎
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangdong Oppo Mobile Telecommunications Corp Ltd
Original Assignee
Guangdong Oppo Mobile Telecommunications Corp Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangdong Oppo Mobile Telecommunications Corp Ltd filed Critical Guangdong Oppo Mobile Telecommunications Corp Ltd
Priority to CN201810463524.2A priority Critical patent/CN108649335B/en
Publication of CN108649335A publication Critical patent/CN108649335A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108649335B publication Critical patent/CN108649335B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/36Structural form of radiating elements, e.g. cone, spiral, umbrella; Particular materials used therewith
    • H01Q1/38Structural form of radiating elements, e.g. cone, spiral, umbrella; Particular materials used therewith formed by a conductive layer on an insulating support
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/12Supports; Mounting means
    • H01Q1/22Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles
    • H01Q1/24Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set
    • H01Q1/241Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM
    • H01Q1/242Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM specially adapted for hand-held use
    • H01Q1/243Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM specially adapted for hand-held use with built-in antennas
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/48Earthing means; Earth screens; Counterpoises
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/50Structural association of antennas with earthing switches, lead-in devices or lightning protectors
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B1/00Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission
    • H04B1/005Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission adapting radio receivers, transmitters andtransceivers for operation on two or more bands, i.e. frequency ranges
    • H04B1/0067Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission adapting radio receivers, transmitters andtransceivers for operation on two or more bands, i.e. frequency ranges with one or more circuit blocks in common for different bands
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B1/00Details of transmission systems, not covered by a single one of groups H04B3/00 - H04B13/00; Details of transmission systems not characterised by the medium used for transmission
    • H04B1/38Transceivers, i.e. devices in which transmitter and receiver form a structural unit and in which at least one part is used for functions of transmitting and receiving
    • H04B1/40Circuits
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M1/00Substation equipment, e.g. for use by subscribers
    • H04M1/72Mobile telephones; Cordless telephones, i.e. devices for establishing wireless links to base stations without route selection
    • H04M1/724User interfaces specially adapted for cordless or mobile telephones
    • H04M1/72448User interfaces specially adapted for cordless or mobile telephones with means for adapting the functionality of the device according to specific conditions
    • H04M1/72454User interfaces specially adapted for cordless or mobile telephones with means for adapting the functionality of the device according to specific conditions according to context-related or environment-related conditions

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Computer Networks & Wireless Communication (AREA)
  • Signal Processing (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Human Computer Interaction (AREA)
  • Support Of Aerials (AREA)
  • Telephone Set Structure (AREA)

Abstract

The embodiment of the present application provides a kind of antenna module, electronic equipment and antenna switching method, antenna module includes substrate, metal edge frame, radio frequency module, first radiator, second radiator, third radiator and the 4th radiator, metal edge frame is formed in substrate periphery, metal edge frame includes long side frame and short side frame, first radiator and the second radiator are set on long side frame, third radiator and the 4th radiator are set on short side frame, first radiator, second radiator, third radiator and the 4th radiator are electrically connected with radio frequency module respectively, and it is used for transceiving radio frequency signal.Antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application is electrically connected by the first radiator, the second radiator, third radiator and the 4th radiator on radio frequency module and metal edge frame, when being interfered by human hand, can promote the radiation intensity of electronic equipment.

Description

Antenna module, electronic equipment and antenna switching method
Technical field
This application involves technical field of electronic equipment, more particularly to a kind of antenna module, electronic equipment and antenna switching side Method.
Background technology
With the development of electronic device technology, electronic equipment has begun to simply provide verbal system from the past and gradually become The platform run at a common software.The platform is to provide one and includes no longer to provide call management as the main purpose Running environment including the types of applications softwares such as call management, Entertainment, office account, mobile payment, with a large amount of general And go deep into people’s lives, the every aspect of work.
Current phone, usually all can be by primary antenna or diversity antenna design at the top of mobile phone or bottom when carrying out Antenna Design Portion, and due to the design of this aerial position, for user when hands grasping electronic equipment carries out transverse screen use, both hands will The receiving and transmitting signal of antenna is interfered.That is, using current this design method, when hands grasping electronic equipment without Method can cause larger deterioration with avoiding to antenna performance.
Invention content
A kind of antenna module of the embodiment of the present application offer, electronic equipment and antenna switching method, can improve electronic equipment Signal radiation intensity.
The embodiment of the present application provides a kind of antenna module, including substrate, metal edge frame, radio frequency module, the first radiator, the Two radiators, third radiator and the 4th radiator;
The metal edge frame is formed in the substrate periphery, and the metal edge frame includes long side frame and short side frame, institute State and first radiator and the second radiator be set on long side frame, be arranged on the short side frame third radiator and 4th radiator;
First radiator, the second radiator, third radiator and the 4th radiator respectively with the radio frequency module It is electrically connected, and is used for transceiving radio frequency signal.
The embodiment of the present application also provides a kind of electronic equipment, and the electronic equipment includes antenna module and processor, wherein The antenna module includes substrate, metal edge frame, radio frequency module, the first radiator, the second radiator, third radiator and Four radiators;
The metal edge frame is formed in the substrate periphery, and the metal edge frame includes long side frame and short side frame, institute State and first radiator and the second radiator be set on long side frame, be arranged on the short side frame third radiator and 4th radiator;
First radiator, the second radiator, third radiator and the 4th radiator respectively with the radio frequency module It is electrically connected, and is used for transceiving radio frequency signal;
The processor is used for according to the currently running application program of the electronic equipment, select first radiator, At least one of second radiator, third radiator and the 4th radiator radiator is as radio-frequency receiving-transmitting antenna.
The embodiment of the present application also provides a kind of antenna switching method, is applied to electronic equipment, the electronic equipment includes day Line component and processor, wherein the antenna module includes substrate, metal edge frame, radio frequency module, the first radiator, the second spoke Beam, third radiator and the 4th radiator, the method includes:
Obtain the currently running application program of the electronic equipment;
The current grip state of the electronic equipment is determined according to the application program;
According to the grip state, first radiator, the second radiator, third radiator and the 4th radiation are selected At least one of body radiator is as radio-frequency receiving-transmitting antenna.
Antenna module, electronic equipment and antenna switching method provided by the embodiments of the present application, antenna module include substrate, gold Belong to frame, radio frequency module, the first radiator, the second radiator, third radiator and the 4th radiator, metal edge frame to be formed in Substrate periphery, metal edge frame include long side frame and short side frame, and the first radiator and the second radiator are arranged on long side frame, Third radiator and the 4th radiator, the first radiator, the second radiator, third radiator and the 4th are set on short side frame Radiator is electrically connected with radio frequency module respectively, and is used for transceiving radio frequency signal.Antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application is logical Radio frequency module is crossed with the first radiator, the second radiator, third radiator and the 4th radiator on metal edge frame electrically to connect It connects, when being interfered by human hand, the radiation intensity of electronic equipment can be promoted.
Description of the drawings
In order to more clearly explain the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application, make required in being described below to embodiment Attached drawing is briefly described.It should be evident that the accompanying drawings in the following description is only some embodiments of the present application, for For those skilled in the art, without creative efforts, it can also be obtained according to these attached drawings other attached Figure.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Fig. 2 is another structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Fig. 3 is another structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Fig. 4 is another structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Fig. 5 is another structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Fig. 6 is another structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Fig. 7 is another structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Fig. 8 is the flow diagram of antenna switching method provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Specific implementation mode
Below in conjunction with the attached drawing in the embodiment of the present application, technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application carries out clear, complete Site preparation describes.Obviously, described embodiments are only a part of embodiments of the present application, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the application, the every other implementation that those skilled in the art are obtained without creative efforts Example, shall fall in the protection scope of this application.
In the description of the present application, it is to be understood that term "center", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", " length ", " width ", " thickness ", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outside", " up time The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as needle ", " counterclockwise " is to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and is merely for convenience of It describes the application and simplifies to describe, do not indicate or imply the indicated device or element must have a particular orientation, with spy Fixed azimuth configuration and operation, therefore should not be understood as the limitation to the application.In addition, term " first ", " second " are only used for Purpose is described, relative importance is not understood to indicate or imply or implicitly indicates the quantity of indicated technical characteristic. " first " is defined as a result, the feature of " second " can explicitly or implicitly include one or more feature. In the description of the present application, the meaning of " plurality " is two or more, unless otherwise specifically defined.
In the description of the present application, it should be noted that unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " installation ", " phase Even ", " connection " shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection, or be integrally connected;It can Can also be to be electrically connected or can mutually communicate to be mechanical connection;It can be directly connected, it can also be by between intermediary It connects connected, can be the interaction relationship of the connection or two elements inside two elements.For the ordinary skill of this field For personnel, the concrete meaning of above-mentioned term in this application can be understood as the case may be.
In this application unless specifically defined or limited otherwise, fisrt feature the "upper" of second feature or "lower" It may include that the first and second features are in direct contact, can also not be to be in direct contact but pass through it including the first and second features Between other characterisation contact.Moreover, fisrt feature second feature " on ", " top " and " above " include first special Sign is right over second feature and oblique upper, or is merely representative of fisrt feature level height and is higher than second feature.Fisrt feature exists Second feature " under ", " lower section " and " following " include fisrt feature immediately below second feature and obliquely downward, or be merely representative of Fisrt feature level height is less than second feature.
Following disclosure provides many different embodiments or example is used for realizing the different structure of the application.In order to Simplify disclosure herein, hereinafter the component of specific examples and setting are described.Certainly, they are merely examples, and And purpose does not lie in limitation the application.In addition, the application can in different examples repeat reference numerals and/or reference letter, This repetition is for purposes of simplicity and clarity, itself not indicate between discussed various embodiments and/or setting Relationship.In addition, this application provides various specific techniques and material example, but those of ordinary skill in the art can be with Recognize the application of other techniques and/or the use of other materials.
A kind of display screen component of the embodiment of the present application offer and electronic equipment.It will be described in detail respectively below.This is aobvious Display screen component can be arranged in the electronic equipment, which can be the equipment such as smart mobile phone, tablet computer.
It please refers to Fig.1 and Fig. 2, Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application, Fig. 2 is this Shen Please embodiment provide electronic equipment another structural schematic diagram.The electronic equipment 10 may include cover board 11, display screen 12, electricity Road plate 13, battery 14, shell 15, camera 16 and unlocked by fingerprint module 17.It should be noted that Fig. 1 and electricity shown in Fig. 2 Sub- equipment 10 is not limited to the above content, can also include other devices, or does not include camera 16, or does not include fingerprint solution Lock module 17.
Wherein, cover board 11 is installed on display screen 12, to cover display screen 12.Cover board 1 can be transparent glass cover plate, with Just display screen euphotic cover plate 11 is shown.In some embodiments, cover board 11 can be made of materials such as sapphires Glass cover-plate.
Wherein, which may include center 151 and rear cover 152, and center 151 and rear cover 152 are combined with each other to be formed and be somebody's turn to do Shell 15, the center 151 and rear cover 152 can form storage space, to store printed circuit board 13, display screen 12, battery 14 Equal devices.Further, cover board 11 can be fixed on shell 15, and the cover board 11 and shell 15 form confined space, to accommodate The devices such as printed circuit board 13, display screen 12, battery 14.In some embodiments, the lid of cover board 11 is set on center 151, rear cover 152 lids are set on center 151, and cover board 11 and rear cover 152 are located at the opposite face of center 151, cover board 11 and rear cover 152 with respect to setting It sets.
In some embodiments, shell 15 can be the metals such as metal shell, such as magnesium alloy, stainless steel.It needs to illustrate , the material of the embodiment of the present application shell 15 is not limited to this, and can also use other manner, such as:Shell 15 can be Plastic casing.Also such as:Shell 15 is ceramic shell.For another example:Shell 15 may include plastic portions and metal part, shell 15 can be metal and the mutually matched shell structure of plastic cement, specifically, can first forming metal part, such as using injection molding Mode forms magnesium alloy substrate, and injection moulding plastic, formation plastic substrate then constitute complete shell knot again on magnesium alloy substrate Structure.
It should be noted that the structure of the embodiment of the present application shell is not limited to this, such as:Rear cover and center are integrally formed 15 structure of shell completed is formed, which directly has a storage space, for storing printed circuit board 13, display screen 12, the devices such as battery 14.
Wherein, which is mounted in shell 15, which can be the master of electronic equipment 10 Plate can be integrated with motor, microphone, loud speaker, earphone interface, Universal Serial Bus Interface, camera shooting on printed circuit board 13 First 16, one in the functional units such as range sensor, ambient light sensor, receiver and processor, two or more.
In some embodiments, which can be fixed in shell 15.Specifically, the printed circuit board 13 It can be screwed on center 151, card can also be fitted on center 151 by the way of buckle by screw.It should be noted that The embodiment of the present application printed circuit board 13 is specifically not limited to this fixed to the mode on center 151, can with other manner, than Such as pass through buckle and screw fixed mode jointly.
Wherein, which is mounted in shell 15, and battery 14 is electrically connected with the printed circuit board 13, with to electronics Equipment 10 provides power supply.Shell 15 can be as the battery cover of battery 14.Shell 15 covers battery 14 to protect battery 14, specifically Be rear cover covering battery 14 to protect battery 14, reduce battery 14 due to electronic equipment 10 collision, fall etc. and be subject to Damage.
Wherein, which is mounted in shell 15, meanwhile, which is electrically connected on printed circuit board 13, To form the display surface of electronic equipment 10.The display screen 12 may include display area and non-display area.The display area can With for showing the picture of electronic equipment 10 or carry out touching manipulation etc. for user.The top area of the non-display area opens up For the trepanning of sound and light conduction, the functional groups such as fingerprint module, touch controlled key can be set on the non-display area bottom Part.Wherein the cover board 11 is installed on display screen 12, to cover display screen 12, can form viewing area identical with display screen 12 Domain and non-display area can also form different display areas and non-display area.
It should be noted that the structure of the display screen 12 is not limited to this.For example, the display screen 12 can be abnormity screen, Specifically, referring to Fig. 3, Fig. 3 is another structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.Electronics in Fig. 3 Electronic equipment in equipment and Fig. 1 difference lies in:The electronic equipment 20 include display screen 22, cover board 21, printed circuit board 23, Battery 24 and shell 25.Wherein display screen 22 is formed with light-permeable region 28 directly over.Specifically, such as:Display screen 22 It is provided with the through-hole for running through display screen 22 in a thickness direction, which may include the through-hole, and lead to the hole site can The functional units such as front camera, receiver, sensor are arranged.For another example:Display screen 22 is provided with non-display area, this can be saturating Light region 28 may include the non-display area.Wherein, which is suitble to the structure setting of display screen 22.It needs to illustrate It is that shell 25 can be refering to upper shell 15, and printed circuit board 23 can join refering to the above printed circuit board 13, battery 24 The above battery 14 is read, details are not described herein.
Referring to Fig. 4, Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of another electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application, the electronics in Fig. 4 Electronic equipment in equipment and Fig. 1 difference lies in:Electronic equipment 30 in Fig. 4 includes display screen 32, cover board 31, printed circuit Plate 33, battery 34 and shell 35.Wherein, display screen 32 is arranged jagged 121 in its periphery, which can place preposition The functional units such as camera, receiver, sensor.Wherein, cover board 31 is suitble to the structure setting of display screen 11, which can be Big notch, the cover boards 31 such as the setting of notch 121 can also cover 121 position of notch.It should be noted that shell 3 can be with Refering to upper shell 15, printed circuit board 33 can refering to the above printed circuit board 13, battery 34 can refering to the above battery 14, Details are not described herein.
It should also be noted that, in some embodiments, display screen 12 can not also include non-display area, and be arranged to The functional units such as range sensor, ambient light sensor can be set to display screen lower section or other positions by screen structure comprehensively Place.Specifically, referring to Fig. 5, Fig. 5 is another structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.The electronics is set Standby 40 include display screen 42, cover board 41, printed circuit board 43, battery 44 and shell 45.Wherein, display screen 42 is covered in shell 45 On, without non-display area.Wherein, cover board 41 is suitble to the size of display screen 42 to be arranged.It should be noted that shell 45 can With refering to upper shell 15, printed circuit board 43 can be refering to the above battery refering to the above printed circuit board 13, battery 44 14, details are not described herein.
In some embodiments, display screen 12 can be liquid crystal display (Liquid Crystal Display, LCD) or The display screen of the types such as organic light-emitting diode (OLED) display screen (Organic Light-Emitting Diode, OLED).At some In embodiment, when display screen 12 is liquid crystal display, electronic equipment 10 can also include backlight module, be not shown in figure backlight Module, the backlight module can be refering to backlight modules in the prior art.
In some embodiments, electronic equipment 10 can also include radiator, be used for receiving and transmitting signal.The radiator can pacify It is attached on shell 15, such as on center 151.The radiator can form a fixed connection structure with center 151, be defined as antenna sets Part.It is described in detail by taking antenna module as an example below.
Referring to Fig. 6, Fig. 6 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.The electronic equipment 100 may include radio frequency module 150, the first radiator 111, the second radiator 112, the radiation of third radiator 113 and the 4th Body 114.
Wherein, the first radiator 111, the second radiator 112, third radiator 113 and the 4th radiator 114 respectively with Radio frequency module 150 is electrically connected, and is used for transceiving radio frequency signal.Above-mentioned second radiator 112, third radiator 113 and Four radiators 114 can be metal center.
In one embodiment, as shown in fig. 7, another structure that Fig. 7 is electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application is shown It is intended to, electronic equipment can also include that the first control switch 141, second controls switch 142, third controls switch 143 and the Four control switches 144, above-mentioned first control switch 141, second controls switch 142, third control switch 143 and the 4th controls The first end of switch 144 is coupled with radio frequency module 150, and second end is respectively at the first radiator 111, the second radiator 112, third Radiator 113 and the coupling of the 4th radiator 114.
In one embodiment, the first feed point can be set on the first radiator 111, control the first end of switch 141 and penetrate Frequency module 150 couples, and the second end of control switch 141 couples at the first feed point with the first radiator 111;Second radiator Second feed point can be set on 112, the first end of control switch 142 is coupled with radio frequency module 150, and the second of control switch 142 End couples at the second feed point with the second radiator 112;Third feed point can be set on third radiator 113, control switch 143 First end coupled with radio frequency module 150, control switch 143 second end coupled with third radiator 113 at third feed point; 4th feed point can be set on the 4th radiator 114, and the first end of control switch 144 is coupled with radio frequency module 150, control switch 144 second end couples at the 4th feed point with the 4th radiator 114.It controls switch 141 and controls radio frequency module 150 in the first feedback It is electrically connected with the first radiator 111 at point, control switch 142 controls radio frequency module 150 and radiated with second at the second feed point Body 112 is electrically connected, and control switch 143 controls radio frequency module 150 and is electrically connected with third radiator 113 at third feed point, The control radio frequency of switch 144 module 150 is controlled to be electrically connected with the 4th radiator 114 at the 4th feed point.
The radio frequency module 150 can integrate on a printed circuit board.The radio frequency module 150 can with the first radiator 111, Second radiator 112, third radiator 113 and the coupling of the 4th radiator 114, can be with transceiving radio frequency to form diversity antenna Signal.In one embodiment, each individually radiation body antenna includes LTE/WIFI frequency ranges so that in several cases, All at least can normally it work there are one radiation body antenna.
In one embodiment, when control switch 141 connects port with control switch 142, control switch 143 and control switch When 144 disconnection port, the first radiator 111 is electrically connected at the first feed point with radio frequency module 150, and the second radiator 112 exists It is electrically connected with radio frequency module 150 at second feed point, is penetrated at this point, 111 and second radiator 112 of above-mentioned first radiator is used as Frequency dual-mode antenna, first radiator 111 can receive and dispatch the signal of low-frequency range (700-960MHz), and the second radiator 112 can be with Receive and dispatch the signal of high band (1710-2700MHz).It should be noted that first radiator 111 and the second radiator 112 are simultaneously It is not limited to the signal of transmitting-receiving low-frequency range and medium-high frequency section, other signals can also be received and dispatched.
Similarly, when control switch 141 and control switch 142 disconnect port, control switch 143 is connected with control switch 144 When port, third radiator 113 is electrically connected at third feed point with radio frequency module 150, and the 4th radiator 114 is in the 4th feed point Place is electrically connected with radio frequency module 150, at this point, by 113 and the 4th radiator 114 of above-mentioned third radiator as radio-frequency receiving-transmitting day Line, the third radiator 113 can receive and dispatch the signal of low-frequency range (700-960MHz), and the 4th radiator 114 can receive and dispatch high frequency The signal of section (1710-2700MHz).It should be noted that the third radiator 113 and the 4th radiator 114 are not limited to receive The signal for sending out low-frequency range and medium-high frequency section, can also receive and dispatch other signals.
In one embodiment, above-mentioned electronic equipment 100 can also include substrate 130 and metal edge frame 120, wherein metal Frame 120 is formed in 130 periphery of substrate, and metal edge frame 120 may include long side frame and short side frame, can be on long side frame First radiator 111 and the second radiator 112 are set, third radiator 113 and the 4th radiator can be set on short side frame 114。
Above-mentioned electronic equipment 100 further includes multiple gaps, multiple gap between metal edge frame 120 and substrate 130, And multiple gap has the multiple openings for running through metal edge frame 120 from substrate 130 to 120 direction of metal edge frame, the first radiation Body 111, the second radiator 112, third radiator 113 and the 4th radiator 114 are formed on metal edge frame 120 and are located at Multiple gap positions.
Wherein, aforesaid substrate 130 can be metal substrate, such as magnesium alloy substrate specifically can be refering to the above center 151, details are not described herein.
Wherein, metal edge frame 120 can be magnesium alloy frame, the metal edge frame 120 can with the one of metal substrate 130 at Type, such as the injection molding in a mold by the way of metal injection molded are integrally formed by the way of mechanical processing for another example, also For example it is fixedly connected by welding.In some embodiments, which is located at the periphery of metal substrate 130. Above-mentioned electronic equipment 100 can also include other components, which can be camera etc..
In one embodiment, above-mentioned gap may include four, be the first gap 131, the second gap 132, third respectively Gap 133 and the 4th gap 134, it should be noted that above-mentioned gap may be five or five or more, not another herein One illustrates.
Wherein, there is the first opening 1311, the first gap 131 can prolong from the first 1311 sides of opening in the first gap 131 It stretches to be formed, the first gap 131 includes the first notch 1312;Second gap 132 has the second opening 1321, and the second gap 132 can To be extended to form from the second 1321 sides of opening, the second gap 132 includes the second notch 1322;Third gap 133 has third Opening 1331, third gap 133 can be extended to form from 1331 sides of third opening, and third gap 133 includes third notch 1332;There is the 4th opening 1341, the 4th gap 134 can be extended to form from the 4th 1341 sides of opening in 4th gap 134, the Four gaps 134 include the 4th notch 1342.
Wherein, the first radiator 111 and the first notch 1312 are adjacent, and the second radiator 112 and the second notch 1322 are adjacent, Third radiator 113 and third notch 1332 are adjacent, and the 4th radiator 114 and the 4th notch 1342 are adjacent.
In one embodiment, which can also include non-metal base plate, wherein non-metal base plate is set to gap It is interior, non-metal base plate in gap respectively with metal substrate 130, the first radiator 111, the second radiator 112, third radiator 113 are fixedly connected with the 4th radiator 114.Specifically, the non-metal base plate may include the first non-metal base plate, the second non-gold Belong to substrate, third non-metal base plate and the 4th non-metal base plate, wherein the first non-metal base plate can be set to the first gap In 131, the second non-metal base plate can be set in the second gap 132, and third non-metal base plate can be set to third gap In 133, the 4th non-metal base plate can be set in the 4th gap 134, which may be used the side of plastic-injection Formula is molded in gap.
In one embodiment, metal edge frame 120 includes short side frame and long side frame, the first radiator 111 and the second spoke Beam 112 can be located at the opposite sides on long side frame namely the left and right sides in figure;Third radiator 113 and the 4th spoke Beam 114 can be located at the opposite sides on short side frame namely the both sides up and down in figure.
It should be noted that above-mentioned control switch is not limited to four, for example, control switch may include five, six or More, for five, electronic equipment can also include the 5th radiator and control switch 150, control the of switch 150 One end is coupled with radio frequency module 150, and the second end of control switch 140 is coupled with the 5th radiator.
The embodiment of the present invention also provides a kind of electronic equipment, including antenna module and processor, wherein the antenna module Including substrate, metal edge frame, radio frequency module, the first radiator, the second radiator, third radiator and the 4th radiator;
The metal edge frame is formed in the substrate periphery, and the metal edge frame includes long side frame and short side frame, institute State and first radiator and the second radiator be set on long side frame, be arranged on the short side frame third radiator and 4th radiator;
First radiator, the second radiator, third radiator and the 4th radiator respectively with the radio frequency module It is electrically connected, and is used for transceiving radio frequency signal;
The processor is used for according to the currently running application program of the electronic equipment, select first radiator, At least one of second radiator, third radiator and the 4th radiator radiator is as radio-frequency receiving-transmitting antenna.
In one embodiment, above-mentioned electronic equipment can also include display screen and circuit board, and antenna module is set to display Between screen and circuit board.
The embodiment of the present invention also provides a kind of antenna switching method, is applied to electronic equipment, electronic equipment includes antenna sets Part and processor, wherein the antenna module include substrate, metal edge frame, radio frequency module, the first radiator, the second radiator, Third radiator and the 4th radiator, referring to Fig. 8, Fig. 8 is the flow of antenna switching method provided by the embodiments of the present application Schematic diagram, the above method include the following steps:
Step 101, the currently running application program of electronic equipment is obtained;
Step 102, the current grip state of electronic equipment is determined according to application program;
Wherein, above-mentioned grip state may include hands grasping state and be hold by one hand state, for example user is using electricity When sub- equipment is played, it will usually handling to be promoted using hands grasping electronic equipment.Further, hands grasping state It can also include that transverse screen hands grasping state and vertical screen are hold by one hand state, can be specifically that transverse screen is aobvious according to current application program Show that pattern or vertical screen display pattern are determined, for example user holds when operation " temple escape " plays usually using vertical screen It holds, operation " king's honor " Shi Zehui is held using transverse screen.
In some embodiments, it can also pre-set and both hands transverse screen is needed to hold electronic equipment is operated first in advance If application program and both hands vertical screen is needed to hold the second default application program for being operated of electronic equipment, when judging electronic equipment When currently running application program is the first default application program, it is both hands transverse screen grip state to determine electronic equipment currently, when When judging the currently running application program of electronic equipment for the second default application program, it is both hands vertical screen to determine electronic equipment currently Grip state.
Step 103, according to grip state, the first radiator, the second radiator, third radiator and the 4th radiation are selected At least one of body radiator is as radio-frequency receiving-transmitting antenna.
For example, when electronic equipment is currently both hands transverse screen grip state, since hand can be to the radiation on short side frame Body antenna interferes, then can select antenna radiator on long side frame namely the first radiator and the second radiator as Radio-frequency receiving-transmitting antenna.When electronic equipment is currently both hands vertical screen grip state, since hand can be to the radiation on long side frame Body antenna interferes, then can select antenna radiator on short side frame namely third radiator and the 4th radiator as Radio-frequency receiving-transmitting antenna.
In embodiments of the present invention, above-mentioned first radiator, the second radiator, third radiator and the 4th radiator can Think MIMO (Multiple-Input Multiple-Output, Multiple Input Multiple Output) antenna, each individually antenna wraps Contain LTE/WIFI frequency ranges.It is either hold by one hand (left or right hand) or hands grasping, it all at least can be there are one antenna energy Enough normal work.
In conclusion a kind of antenna module of the application offer, electronic equipment and antenna switching method, antenna module include base Plate, metal edge frame, radio frequency module, the first radiator, the second radiator, third radiator and the 4th radiator, metal edge frame It is formed in substrate periphery, metal edge frame includes long side frame and short side frame, and the first radiator and second are arranged on long side frame Radiator, setting third radiator and the 4th radiator, the first radiator, the second radiator, third radiator on short side frame And the 4th radiator respectively with radio frequency module be electrically connected, and be used for transceiving radio frequency signal.Day provided by the embodiments of the present application Line component passes through the first radiator, the second radiator, third radiator and the 4th radiation on radio frequency module and metal edge frame Body is electrically connected, and when being interfered by human hand, can promote the radiation intensity of electronic equipment.
Detailed Jie has been carried out to antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application, electronic equipment and antenna switching method above It continues, specific examples are used herein to illustrate the principle and implementation manner of the present application, and the explanation of above example is only It is to be used to help understand the application.Meanwhile for those skilled in the art, according to the thought of the application, in specific embodiment party There will be changes in formula and application range, in conclusion the contents of this specification should not be construed as limiting the present application.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of antenna module, which is characterized in that including:Substrate, metal edge frame, radio frequency module, the first radiator, the second radiation Body, third radiator and the 4th radiator;
The metal edge frame is formed in the substrate periphery, and the metal edge frame includes long side frame and short side frame, the length First radiator and the second radiator are set on the frame of side, the third radiator and the 4th are set on the short side frame Radiator;
First radiator, the second radiator, third radiator and the 4th radiator are electrical with the radio frequency module respectively Connection, and it is used for transceiving radio frequency signal.
2. antenna module according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the antenna module further include the first control switch, Second control switch, third control switch and the 4th control switch;
It is described first control switch, second control switch, third control switch and the 4th control switch first end with it is described Radio frequency module couples, and second end is respectively at first radiator, the second radiator, third radiator and the 4th radiator coupling It closes.
3. antenna module according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the first feed point, institute are arranged on first radiator It states and the second feed point is set on the second radiator, third feed point is set on the third radiator, is arranged on the 4th radiator 4th feed point, the first control switch, the second control switch, third control the second end point of switch and the 4th control switch Not at first feed point, the second feed point, third feed point and the 4th feed point with first radiator, the second radiator, Third radiator and the coupling of the 4th radiator.
4. antenna module according to claim 1, which is characterized in that
The antenna module further includes multiple gaps, the multiple gap between the metal edge frame and the substrate, and The multiple gap has a multiple openings for running through the metal edge frame from the substrate to the metal edge frame direction, and described the One radiator, the second radiator, third radiator and the 4th radiator are formed on the metal edge frame and positioned at described more A gap position.
5. antenna module according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the gap includes the first gap, the second gap the There is the first opening, second gap to have the second opening, the third for three gaps and the 4th gap, first gap With third opening, it includes being located at first opening one that the 4th gap, which has the 4th opening, first gap, in gap First notch of side, second gap include the second notch for being located at second opening side, and the third gap includes Third notch positioned at third opening side, the 4th gap include being located at the 4th of the 4th opening side to lack Mouthful.
6. antenna module according to claim 5, which is characterized in that first radiator and the first notch phase Neighbour, second radiator and second notch are adjacent, and the third radiator and the third notch are adjacent, and the described 4th Radiator and the 4th notch are adjacent.
7. antenna module according to claim 1, which is characterized in that first radiator and the second radiator are located at institute The opposite sides on long side frame is stated, the third radiator and the 4th radiator are located at opposite two on the short side frame Side.
8. a kind of electronic equipment, which is characterized in that the electronic equipment includes antenna module and processor, wherein the antenna Component includes substrate, metal edge frame, radio frequency module, the first radiator, the second radiator, third radiator and the 4th radiation Body;
The metal edge frame is formed in the substrate periphery, and the metal edge frame includes long side frame and short side frame, the length First radiator and the second radiator are set on the frame of side, the third radiator and the 4th are set on the short side frame Radiator;
First radiator, the second radiator, third radiator and the 4th radiator are electrical with the radio frequency module respectively Connection, and it is used for transceiving radio frequency signal;
The processor is used to, according to the currently running application program of the electronic equipment, select first radiator, second At least one of radiator, third radiator and the 4th radiator radiator is as radio-frequency receiving-transmitting antenna.
9. electronic equipment according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the electronic equipment further includes display screen and circuit Plate, the antenna module are set between the display screen and the circuit board.
10. a kind of antenna switching method, be applied to electronic equipment, which is characterized in that the electronic equipment include antenna module and Processor, wherein the antenna module includes substrate, metal edge frame, radio frequency module, the first radiator, the second radiator, third Radiator and the 4th radiator, the method includes:
Obtain the currently running application program of the electronic equipment;
The current grip state of the electronic equipment is determined according to the application program;
According to the grip state, select in first radiator, the second radiator, third radiator and the 4th radiator At least one radiator as radio-frequency receiving-transmitting antenna.
CN201810463524.2A 2018-05-15 2018-05-15 Antenna assembly, electronic equipment and antenna switching method Active CN108649335B (en)

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