CN108615967A - Housing unit, antenna module and electronic equipment - Google Patents

Housing unit, antenna module and electronic equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108615967A
CN108615967A CN201810386243.1A CN201810386243A CN108615967A CN 108615967 A CN108615967 A CN 108615967A CN 201810386243 A CN201810386243 A CN 201810386243A CN 108615967 A CN108615967 A CN 108615967A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
notch
antenna structure
shell
electronic equipment
antenna
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201810386243.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN108615967B (en
Inventor
李飞飞
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangdong Oppo Mobile Telecommunications Corp Ltd
Original Assignee
Guangdong Oppo Mobile Telecommunications Corp Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangdong Oppo Mobile Telecommunications Corp Ltd filed Critical Guangdong Oppo Mobile Telecommunications Corp Ltd
Priority to CN201810386243.1A priority Critical patent/CN108615967B/en
Publication of CN108615967A publication Critical patent/CN108615967A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108615967B publication Critical patent/CN108615967B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/12Supports; Mounting means
    • H01Q1/22Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles
    • H01Q1/24Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set
    • H01Q1/241Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM
    • H01Q1/242Supports; Mounting means by structural association with other equipment or articles with receiving set used in mobile communications, e.g. GSM specially adapted for hand-held use
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/36Structural form of radiating elements, e.g. cone, spiral, umbrella; Particular materials used therewith
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01QANTENNAS, i.e. RADIO AERIALS
    • H01Q1/00Details of, or arrangements associated with, antennas
    • H01Q1/50Structural association of antennas with earthing switches, lead-in devices or lightning protectors
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M1/00Substation equipment, e.g. for use by subscribers
    • H04M1/02Constructional features of telephone sets
    • H04M1/0202Portable telephone sets, e.g. cordless phones, mobile phones or bar type handsets
    • H04M1/026Details of the structure or mounting of specific components

Abstract

A kind of housing unit of the embodiment of the present application offer, antenna module and electronic equipment.Wherein antenna module includes shell and antenna structure, and there is the shell at least one first notch, at least one first notch to be located at the peripheral position of the shell;The antenna structure is arranged in the periphery outer surface of the shell, the antenna structure has at least one second notch, second notch is corresponding with the position of the first notch, the antenna structure includes distributing point and earth point, and the distributing point and earth point extend from the housing outer surface towards the enclosure interior direction respectively.The embodiment of the present application can increase empty regions of the antenna structure in electronic equipment, promote the radiated signal strength of antenna structure.

Description

Housing unit, antenna module and electronic equipment
Technical field
This application involves electronic technology field, more particularly to a kind of housing unit, antenna module and electronic equipment.
Background technology
With the development of the communication technology, the electronic equipments such as smart mobile phone are more and more universal.In the use of electronic equipment In the process, such as using electronic equipment it converses.In order to promote speech quality, antenna structure can be increased in electronic equipment internal Empty regions.
However, as electronic functionalities are more and more, the space of electronic equipment is more and more limited, in electronic equipment internal The space of other devices will be occupied by increasing the empty regions of antenna structure, can influence electronics if not changing the size of electronic equipment The function of equipment can increase the size of electronic equipment in the case where not influencing electronic functionalities.
Invention content
A kind of housing unit of the embodiment of the present application offer, antenna module and electronic equipment, can improve electronic equipment signal Intensity.
The embodiment of the present application provides a kind of housing unit, including:
There is at least one first notch, at least one first notch to be located at the shell for shell, the shell Peripheral position;
Sheet metal, the sheet metal are arranged in the periphery outer surface of the shell, and the sheet metal has at least one the Two notches, second notch are corresponding with the position of the first notch.
The embodiment of the present application provides a kind of antenna module, including:
There is at least one first notch, at least one first notch to be located at the shell for shell, the shell Peripheral position;
Antenna structure, the antenna structure are arranged in the periphery outer surface of the shell, and the antenna structure has at least One the second notch, second notch is corresponding with the position of the first notch, the antenna structure include distributing point and Earth point, the distributing point and earth point extend from the housing outer surface towards the enclosure interior direction respectively.
The embodiment of the present application provides a kind of electronic equipment, including:
There is at least one first notch, at least one first notch to be located at the shell for shell, the shell Peripheral position;
Antenna structure, the antenna structure are arranged in the periphery outer surface of the shell, and the antenna structure has at least One the second notch, second notch is corresponding with the position of the first notch, the antenna structure include distributing point and Earth point, the distributing point and earth point extend from the housing outer surface towards the enclosure interior direction respectively, described to connect Place is with being connected to the complete machine of the electronic equipment;
Functional unit, the functional unit are arranged in first gap position;
Control circuit, the control circuit are electrically connected with the functional unit, distributing point respectively.
Housing unit, antenna module and electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application, antenna structure is arranged in frame Periphery outer surface can increase empty regions of the antenna structure in electronic equipment in the case of electronic equipment size constancy, Promote the radiated signal strength of antenna structure.
Description of the drawings
In order to more clearly explain the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application, make required in being described below to embodiment Attached drawing is briefly described.It should be evident that the accompanying drawings in the following description is only some embodiments of the present application, for For those skilled in the art, without creative efforts, it can also be obtained according to these attached drawings other attached Figure.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Fig. 2 is the block diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Fig. 3 is another structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Fig. 4 is another structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Fig. 5 is another structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Fig. 7 is the fractionation schematic diagram of antenna module in Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of second substrate provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Fig. 9 is another structural schematic diagram of second substrate provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Figure 10 be Fig. 9 in antenna module location A enlarged drawing.
Figure 11 is the structural schematic diagram of third guard member provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Figure 12 is the structural schematic diagram of the first guard member and the second guard member provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Figure 13 is first antenna structural schematic diagram provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Figure 14 is the second antenna structure view provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Figure 15 is third antenna structural schematic diagram provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Figure 16 is another structural schematic diagram of antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Figure 17 is another structural schematic diagram of second substrate provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Figure 18 is the structural schematic diagram of antenna structure provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Figure 19 is the part-structure schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Figure 20 is the structural schematic diagram of housing unit provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Specific implementation mode
Below in conjunction with the attached drawing in the embodiment of the present application, technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application carries out clear, complete Site preparation describes.Obviously, described embodiments are only a part of embodiments of the present application, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the application, the every other implementation that those skilled in the art are obtained without creative efforts Example, shall fall in the protection scope of this application.
In the description of the present application, it is to be understood that term "center", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", " length ", " width ", " thickness ", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outside", " up time The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as needle ", " counterclockwise " is to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and is merely for convenience of It describes the application and simplifies to describe, do not indicate or imply the indicated device or element must have a particular orientation, with spy Fixed azimuth configuration and operation, therefore should not be understood as the limitation to the application.In addition, term " first ", " second " are only used for Purpose is described, relative importance is not understood to indicate or imply or implicitly indicates the quantity of indicated technical characteristic. " first " is defined as a result, the feature of " second " can explicitly or implicitly include one or more feature. In the description of the present application, the meaning of " plurality " is two or more, unless otherwise specifically defined.
In the description of the present application, it should be noted that unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " installation ", " phase Even ", " connection " shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection, or be integrally connected;It can Can also be to be electrically connected or can mutually communicate to be mechanical connection;It can be directly connected, it can also be by between intermediary It connects connected, can be the interaction relationship of the connection or two elements inside two elements.For the ordinary skill of this field For personnel, the concrete meaning of above-mentioned term in this application can be understood as the case may be.
In this application unless specifically defined or limited otherwise, fisrt feature the "upper" of second feature or "lower" It may include that the first and second features are in direct contact, can also not be to be in direct contact but pass through it including the first and second features Between other characterisation contact.Moreover, fisrt feature second feature " on ", " top " and " above " include first special Sign is right over second feature and oblique upper, or is merely representative of fisrt feature level height and is higher than second feature.Fisrt feature exists Second feature " under ", " lower section " and " following " include fisrt feature immediately below second feature and obliquely downward, or be merely representative of Fisrt feature level height is less than second feature.
Following disclosure provides many different embodiments or example is used for realizing the different structure of the application.In order to Simplify disclosure herein, hereinafter the component of specific examples and setting are described.Certainly, they are merely examples, and And purpose does not lie in limitation the application.In addition, the application can in different examples repeat reference numerals and/or reference letter, This repetition is for purposes of simplicity and clarity, itself not indicate between discussed various embodiments and/or setting Relationship.In addition, this application provides various specific techniques and material example, but those of ordinary skill in the art can be with Recognize the application of other techniques and/or the use of other materials.
A kind of housing unit of the embodiment of the present application offer, antenna module and electronic equipment, the housing unit and antenna sets Part can integrate in the electronic device, which can be the equipment such as smart mobile phone, tablet computer.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.The electronic equipment 10 can To include cover board 11, display screen 12, control circuit 13, battery 14, shell 15, front camera 161, rear camera 162, refer to Line unlocked state 163 and antenna structure 19.It should be noted that electronic equipment 10 shown in FIG. 1 is not limited to the above content.
Wherein, cover board 11 is installed on display screen 12, to cover display screen 12.Cover board 1 can be transparent glass cover plate, with Just display screen euphotic cover plate 11 is shown.In some embodiments, cover board 11 can be made of materials such as sapphires Glass cover-plate.
Wherein, which is mounted in shell 15.The display screen 12 is electrically connected in control circuit 13, to form electricity The display surface of sub- equipment 10.Display screen 12 is the shape of rule, such as rectangular parallelepiped structure, the top or/and bottom of electronic equipment 10 End forms non-display area, i.e. electronic equipment 10 forms non-display area, electronic equipment on the top of display screen 12 or/and lower part 10 can install the devices such as front camera 161, rear camera 162 in non-display area.
Wherein, which is mounted in shell 15, which can be the mainboard of electronic equipment 10, control It can be integrated with motor, microphone, loud speaker, earphone interface, Universal Serial Bus Interface, front camera on circuit 13 processed 161, one in the functional units such as rear camera 162, range sensor, ambient light sensor, receiver and processor, It is two or more.
In some embodiments, which can be fixed in shell 15.Specifically, the control circuit 13 can be with It is screwed on center 151, card can also be fitted on center 151 by the way of buckle by screw.It should be noted that this Shen Please embodiment control circuit 13 be specifically not limited to this fixed to the mode on center 151, can be with other manner, for example pass through Buckle and screw fixed mode jointly.
Wherein, which is mounted in shell 15, and battery 14 is electrically connected with the control circuit 13, to be set to electronics Standby 10 provide power supply.Shell 15 can be as the battery cover of battery 14.Shell 15 covers battery 14 to protect battery 14, reduces electricity Collision of the pond 14 due to electronic equipment 10, the damage falling etc. and be subject to.
Wherein, shell 15 can form the exterior contour of electronic equipment 10.In some embodiments, which can wrap Center 151 and rear cover 152 are included, center 151 and the intercombination of rear cover 152 form the shell 15, and the center 151 and rear cover 152 can To form storage space, with devices such as storage control display screen 12, circuit processed 13, batteries 14.Cover board 11 can be fixed to shell 15 On, the lid of cover board 11 is set on center 151, and the lid of rear cover 152 is set on center 151, and cover board 11 and rear cover 152 are located at center 151 Opposite face, cover board 11 and rear cover 152 are oppositely arranged.
In some embodiments, shell 15 can be the metals such as metal shell, such as magnesium alloy, stainless steel.It needs to illustrate , the material of the embodiment of the present application shell 15 is not limited to this, and can also use other manner, such as:Shell 15 can be Plastic casing.Also such as:Shell 15 is ceramic shell.For another example:Shell 15 may include plastic portions and metal part, shell 15 can be metal and the mutually matched shell structure of plastic cement, specifically, can first forming metal part, such as using injection molding Mode forms magnesium alloy substrate, and injection moulding plastic, formation plastic substrate then constitute complete shell knot again on magnesium alloy substrate Structure.It should be noted that the material and technique of the shell 15 are not limited to this, glass shell can also be used.
It should be noted that the structure of the embodiment of the present application shell is not limited to this, such as:Rear cover and center are integrally formed Form 15 structure of shell completed, the shell directly with a storage space, for store display screen 12, control circuit 13, The devices such as battery 14.
Wherein, antenna structure 19 is arranged on the outer surface of shell 15.In some embodiments, the setting of antenna structure 19 exists On the outer surface of center 151, in the case of 10 size constancy of electronic equipment, antenna structure 19 can be increased in electronic equipment 10 Internal empty regions.
Referring to Fig. 2, Fig. 2 is the block diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.The control circuit of electronic equipment 10 13 may include storage and processing circuit 131.The storage and processing circuit 131 may include memory, such as hard drive is deposited Reservoir, nonvolatile memory (such as flash memory or the other electrically programmable read only memories for being used to form solid state drive Deng), volatile memory (such as either statically or dynamically random access memory etc.) etc., the embodiment of the present application is not restricted.Storage It can be used for the operating of control electronics 10 with the processing circuit in processing circuit 131.The processing circuit can be based on one Or multi-microprocessor, microcontroller, digital signal processor, baseband processor, power management unit, audio codec core Piece, application-specific integrated circuit, display-driver Ics etc. are realized.
Storage and processing circuit 131 can be used for running the software in electronic equipment 10, such as the Internet browser application program, Voice over internet protocol (Voice over Internet Protocol, VOIP) call application program, Email are answered With program, media play-back application, operation system function etc..These softwares can be used for executing some control operations, for example, Image Acquisition based on camera, the ambient light measurement based on ambient light sensor, the proximity sensor based on proximity sensor It measures, the information display function that the positioning indicators such as status indicator lamp based on light emitting diode are realized is passed based on touching The touch event of sensor detects, function associated with information show on multiple (such as layering) displays, with execution nothing The associated operation of line communication function, operation associated with collecting and generating audio signal, presses with collection and treatment button Other functions etc. in the associated control operation of event data and electronic equipment 10, the embodiment of the present application is not restricted.
Electronic equipment 10 can also include input-output circuit 132.Input-output circuit 132 can be used for making electronic equipment 10 realization data are output and input, that is, are allowed electronic equipment 10 from outer equipment receiving data and also allowed electronic equipment 10 will Data are exported from electronic equipment 10 to external equipment.Input-output circuit 132 may further include sensor 1321.Sensing Device 1321 may include ambient light sensor, the proximity sensor based on light and capacitance, and touch sensor based on light (for example, touched Touch sensor and/or capacitive touch sensors, wherein touch sensor can be a part for touching display screen, can also Independently used as a touch sensor arrangement), acceleration transducer and other sensors etc..
Input-output circuit 132 can also include one or more displays, such as display 1322, display 1322 It can be refering to the above display screen 12.Display 1322 may include liquid crystal display, organic light emitting diode display, electronic ink Water display, plasma display, one or several kinds of combination in the display using other display technologies.Display 1322 May include touch sensor array (that is, display 1322 can be touching display screen).Touch sensor can be by transparent The capacitive touch sensors that are formed of touch sensor electrode (such as tin indium oxide (ITO) electrode) array, or can be The touch sensor formed using other touching techniques, such as sound wave touch-control, pressure sensible touch, resistive touch, optical touch etc., this Application embodiment is not restricted.
Electronic equipment 10 can also include audio component 1323.Audio component 1323 can be used for providing for electronic equipment 10 Audio input and output function.Audio component 1323 in electronic equipment 10 may include loud speaker, microphone, buzzer, sound Adjust generator and other components for generating and detecting sound.
Electronic equipment 10 can also include telecommunication circuit 1324.Telecommunication circuit 1324 can be used for providing for electronic equipment 10 With the ability of external device communication.Telecommunication circuit 1324 may include analog- and digital- input-output interface circuit, and based on penetrating The radio communication circuit of frequency signal and/or optical signal.Radio communication circuit in telecommunication circuit 1324 may include radio-frequency receiving-transmitting Device circuit, power amplifier circuit, low-noise amplifier, switch, filter and antenna structure 19.For example, telecommunication circuit Radio communication circuit in 1324 may include for supporting near-field communication by emitting and receiving near-field coupling electromagnetic signal The circuit of (Near Field Communication, NFC).For example, telecommunication circuit 124 may include near-field communication aerial and close Field communication transceiver.Telecommunication circuit 1324 can also include cellular telephone transceiver, wireless lan transceiver circuit etc..
Electronic equipment 10 can further include power management circuitry and other input-output units 1325.Input-defeated It may include button to go out unit 1325, control stick, click wheel, scroll wheel, touch tablet, keypad, keyboard, camera, shines two Pole pipe and other positioning indicators etc..
User can input a command for the operation of control electronics 10 by input-output circuit 132, and can make With the output data of input-output circuit 132 status information and other outputs from electronic equipment 10 are received to realize.
It should be noted that the structure of the display screen 12 is not limited to this.
Referring to Fig. 3, Fig. 3 is another structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.The electronic equipment 20 include cover board 21, display screen 22, control circuit 23, battery 24, shell 25 and antenna structure 29.The electronic equipment 20 and electronics Equipment 10 difference lies in:Display screen 22 is formed with light-permeable region 28 directly over.Such as:Display screen 22 is provided in thickness Degree side extends upward through the through-hole of display screen 22, which may include the through-hole, and lead to the hole site can be arranged preposition The functional units such as camera 161, receiver, sensor.For another example:Light-permeable region 28 may include non-display area, this is non-aobvious Show that region is not shown, can pass through for optical signal.
Referring to Fig. 4, Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of another electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application, electronic equipment 30 May include cover board 31, display screen 32, control circuit 33, battery 34 and shell 35.The electronic equipment 30 and the above electronic equipment Difference lies in:Display screen 32 its periphery be arranged jagged 321, the notch 321 can place front camera 161, receiver, The functional units such as sensor.Wherein, which can also cover in big notch, the cover boards 31 such as the settings of notch 321 To 321 position of notch.
Referring to Fig. 5, Fig. 5 is another structural schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.The electronic equipment 40 may include cover board 41, display screen 42, control circuit 43, battery 44 and shell 45.Wherein, display screen 42 is covered in shell 45 On, display screen 42 is suitble to the size of shell 45 to be arranged, and the top or bottom end of electronic equipment 50 do not have non-display area, i.e. display screen 42 can extend to the bottom edge of the tip edge of electronic equipment 40 and electronic equipment 40, and display screen 42 can be displayed in full screen On electronic equipment 40.The functional units such as range sensor, ambient light sensor can be set to display screen 42 lower section or At other positions.
It is understood that as electronic functionalities are more and more, the device of electronic equipment internal installation is more and more, Additional device is installed toward electronic equipment internal in the case of electronic equipment size constancy additionally to occupy in electronic equipment Portion space can occupy the empty regions of antenna structure in electronic equipment in the actual production process, to influence antenna structure Radiation signal.In the case of additionally increasing electronic equipment size, keep antenna structure that there is good radiation signal, Antenna structure is mounted on center outer surface by the application, to form antenna module.It is carried out specifically by taking antenna module as an example below It is bright.
Fig. 6 and Fig. 7 are please referred to, Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application, and Fig. 7 is in Fig. 6 The fractionation schematic diagram of antenna module.The antenna module 50 may include first substrate 510, second substrate 520 and antenna structure 530.Antenna module 50 can be applied in above each electronic equipment.
Wherein, first substrate 510 can be platy structure.The first substrate 510 may be used metal material and be made, such as The technological formings such as magnesium alloy is molded, die cast, mechanical processing are molded.It should be noted that the first substrate 510 Concrete structure and material can be adjusted according to actual needs.
Wherein, second substrate 520 may be used plastic material and be made, for example the mode of injection molding may be used and be formed in first On substrate 510, to form complete insert structure, or perhaps middle frame structure.The second substrate 520 include frame 521 and The connection structure being formed on 521 inner surface of frame.
Referring to Fig. 8, Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of second substrate provided by the embodiments of the present application.Wherein frame 521 is located at The marginal position of second substrate 520, the frame 511 are looped around the periphery of first substrate 510.The frame 521 is in injection molding It is fixedly connected with the periphery of first substrate 510 in journey.Wherein connection structure may include earphone base, camera shooting headstock etc..The connection Structure is extended to form from the internal direction of inner surface towards the center 521 of frame 521, which can be molded over the first base On plate 510, achieve a fixed connection.Wherein the inner surface of frame 521 is the surface of adjacent first substrate 510.
In some embodiments, which has first end 5201, the second end 5202, the first side 5203 and second side 5204.Wherein first end 5201 and the second end 5202 is oppositely arranged, the first side 5203 and second Side 5204 is oppositely arranged.The first end 5201 is connect with the first side 5203, the second side 5204 respectively, the first end 5201 and first form the first turning 5205 between side 5203, and is formed between the first end 5201 and the second side 5204 Two turnings 5206.The second end 5202 is connect with the first side 5203, the second side 5204 respectively, 5201 He of the second end Third turning 5207 is formed between first side 5203, and the 4th turning is formed between the second end 5202 and the second side 5204 5208.Wherein frame 521 has end identical with second substrate 520, side and turning.
In some embodiments, which is provided with the location hole 5218 at multiple intervals.
Wherein, antenna structure 530 is arranged in the periphery outer surface of frame 521, which can be with control circuit Coupling, the frame 521 can realize antenna structure 530 and control circuit coupling by way of trepanning or fluting.To antenna Structure 530 is located at the periphery outer surface of middle frame structure, and 530 outside of antenna structure is unobstructed, in the case of middle frame structure inconvenience, Antenna structure is set compared to the frame inner surface in middle frame structure, the empty regions of the application antenna structure 530 are equivalent to increase The occupied space in the thickness direction thereof of frame 521, i.e., the application is in the case of electronic equipment size inconvenience, Ke Yizeng Add empty regions, promotes the intensity of antenna structure radiation signal, reduce other devices influences caused by antenna structure.
In some embodiments, antenna structure 530 can have there are one, two, three or more.Herein with three antennas It is illustrated for structure, is not the restriction to 530 quantity of antenna structure.Antenna structure 530 includes first antenna structure 531, the second antenna structure 532 and third antenna structure 533.Wherein first antenna structure 531 is arranged at the first turning 5205 Position, the first antenna structure 531 can receive and dispatch short distance communication signal.The setting of wherein the second antenna structure 532 is turned second 5201 position of angle 5206 and first end, the first antenna structure 531 and the second antenna structure 532 are disposed adjacent in first end 5201 position of portion, second antenna structure 532 can be used as diversity antenna, can also be used as main collection antenna.Wherein third antenna Structure 533 is arranged in 5202 position of third turning 5207, the 4th turning 5208 and the second end.The third antenna structure 533 Distributing point there are two can having, can form two radiators, to receive and dispatch the signal of different frequency range, the third antenna structure 533 Formed two radiators be used as diversity antenna, can also be used as main collection antenna, can also the main collection antenna of a conduct, one It is a to be used as diversity antenna.It should be noted that the third antenna structure 533 can also only have, there are one radiators, can make For diversity antenna, main collection antenna can also be used as.
In some embodiments, the length of first antenna structure 531 is less than the length of the second antenna structure 532.
It is understood that antenna structure 530 is arranged in the outer surface of frame 521, it can be easy to touch, be hit energetically Or antenna structure can be led to problems such as to play drum when collision, influence antenna performance.It, can in order to realize the protection to antenna structure 530 To spray one layer, two or more layers paint in the outer surface of antenna structure 530.It is of course also possible to after installing antenna structure 530 521 periphery outer surface of frame spray one layer, two or more layers paint.
The protection scheme of antenna structure 530 is not limited to this it should be noted that realizing.Such as:It is opened on frame 521 If groove.Specifically, also referring to Fig. 9 and Figure 10, Fig. 9 is that another structure of second substrate provided by the embodiments of the present application is shown Be intended to, Figure 10 be Fig. 9 in antenna module location A enlarged drawing.The periphery outer surface of the frame 521 opens up fluted, groove It is extended to form from the outer peripheral edge of frame 521 towards 521 inner surface direction of frame.The antenna structure 530 is arranged in groove.Than Such as:The groove includes the first groove 5211, the second groove 5212 and third groove 5213.The setting of wherein the first groove 5211 exists 5205 position of first end 5201 and the first turning, first groove 5211 store first antenna structure 531.Wherein second is recessed The setting of slot 5212 stores the second antenna structure in 5206 position of first end 5202 and the second turning, second groove 5212 532.The wherein setting of third groove 5213 is in 5208 position of the second end 5202, third turning 5207 and the 4th turning, this Three grooves 5213 store third antenna structure 533.
In some embodiments, first substrate 520 is formed with earphone between the first groove 5211 and the second groove 5212 Hole 523 and bulge loop 522, the through-hole 523 are used for accommodating earphone interface, which realizes the protection to earphone interface.
In some embodiments, each groove can be suitble to the shape of antenna structure, size setting, so that day knot The surface that structure is installed to groove internal antenna structure is flushed with jamb surface.
It should be noted that the mode for opening up groove on frame 510 is not limited to this, for example the groove is formed in the side On the inner surface of frame 510.The groove is formed in the periphery of the frame 510 for another example, which can be from the side direction of frame Another side direction extends to form.
It should also be noted that, the groove can also be used for the purpose of exposing the distributing point of antenna structure, note can be passed through The mode of modeling realizes that frame wraps up antenna structure.
Avoid the protrusion of antenna structure 530 in frame 521 from the foregoing, it will be observed that antenna structure 530 is installed in the groove of frame 521 Periphery outer surface, the outer surface of the outer surface of antenna structure 530 and frame 521 can flush to setting, reduce antenna structure The possibility of 530 damages.
In order to further enhance the protection to antenna structure 530.In some other embodiment, antenna module 50 can be with Including plastic material may be used and be made using guard member 540, the guard member 540 made of nonmetallic materials.The guard member 540 It can be arranged in 530 outer surface of 521 outer surface of frame and antenna structure, antenna structure 530 is covered.So that antenna Structure 530 is between guard member 540 and frame 521.Wherein the number of guard member 540 can be according to of antenna structure 530 Number is set, such as there are three the tools of guard member 540, respectively the first guard member 541, the second guard member 542 and third protection Part 543.
1 and Figure 12 are please referred to Fig.1, Figure 11 is the structural schematic diagram of third guard member provided by the embodiments of the present application, Figure 12 For the structural schematic diagram of the first guard member and the second guard member provided by the embodiments of the present application.Wherein the first guard member 541 lid is set In first antenna structure 531, first antenna structure 531 is covered on frame 521.Wherein the second guard member 542 lid is set On the second antenna structure 532, the second antenna structure 532 is covered on frame 520.The wherein lid of third guard member 543 is set In third antenna structure 533, third antenna structure 533 is covered on frame 520.
In some embodiments, which can protrude in the outer surface of frame 521, can also be with antenna structure 530 are installed along in groove, so that the periphery of guard member 540 is flushed with 521 periphery of frame.Further, frame 521 exists Groove location has bottom wall and the side wall around bottom wall, and side wall is in step structure in groove location, and frame 521 has in side wall The step surface of position, the step surface can carry guard member 540, i.e. guard member 540 is arranged on step surface.Specifically, please join Fig. 8 is read, frame 521 has side wall 5216 and bottom wall 5215 in 5212 position of the second groove in Fig. 8, and side wall 5215 is in Step-edge Junction Structure, frame 521 have the step surface 5214 in 5215 position of side wall.It should be noted that the frame 521 is in the first groove 531 Position side wall having the same, bottom wall and step surface, the second guard member 542 are arranged on the step surface.Please refer to Fig. 9 and figure Frame 521 has in the identical side wall 5216 in 533 position of third groove, bottom wall 5215 and step surface 5214 in 10, Figure 10, the Three guard members 543 are arranged on the step surface 5214.
In some embodiments, frame 521 has in the inclined surface of groove location 5217, and the inclined surface 5217 is by side wall 5216 and the formation of bottom wall 5215, specifically, the inclined surface 5215 is extended to form along frame around 510 direction of first substrate.
In some embodiments, the thickness of the guard member 540 can be 0.01mm-0.4mm, such as the guard member 540 Thickness is 0.25mm-0.3mm.
In some embodiments, the end of the guard member 540 has protrusion, specifically, the end of the first guard member 540 With the first protrusion 5411, the end of second guard member 542 has the second protrusion 5421, the third guard member 543 End has third protrusion 5431.The location hole 5218 of the frame 521, it is convex to store the first protrusion 5411, second respectively Go out portion 5421 and third protrusion 5431.
In some embodiments, which is provided with the first notch 5412, second guard member 542 setting There is the second notch 5422, first notch 5412 and the second notch 5422 form a gap structure 529 to store bulge loop 522.It should Second guard member 542 can also offer the through-hole 5423 at multiple intervals, which can transmit voice signal.The third Guard member 5423 offers multiple spaced recess 5432, and certainly, which can also open up into through-hole structure.
In some embodiments, location structure can also be set in the guard member 540, location structure is located in frame On 510.
In some embodiments, antenna structure 530 may include steel disc, i.e., constitutes antenna structure 530 by steel disc with reality Existing receiving and transmitting signal.It should be noted that the thinner thickness of steel disc, for example the thickness of the steel disc is 0.1-0.3mm, further should The thickness of steel disc is 0.15mm-0.2mm, during installation, is easy deformation, influences signal.It in some embodiments, can be with It will be bonded plastic cement on steel disc, form the antenna structure that steel disc and plastic cement bond together.Specifically, please referring to Fig.1 3 to figure 15.Figure 13 is first antenna structural schematic diagram provided by the embodiments of the present application, and Figure 14 is second day provided by the embodiments of the present application Cable architecture schematic diagram, Figure 15 are third antenna structural schematic diagram provided by the embodiments of the present application.
Wherein, which forms by the first steel disc 5311 is fixedly connected with the first plastic parts 5312, For example the first plastic parts 5312 is formed by way of injection molding on the first steel disc 5311.First plastic parts 5312 can be formed On the surface of the first steel disc 5311, the first steel disc 5311 is wrapped up.First plastic parts 5312 can also be formed in the first steel The periphery of piece 5311 is exposed outside by the outer surface of the first steel disc 5311 or/and inner surface.First plastic parts 5312 may be used also To be formed in outer surface or the inner surface of the first steel disc 5311.
Wherein, which forms by the second steel disc 5321 is fixedly connected with the second plastic parts 5322, For example the second plastic parts 5322 is formed by way of injection molding on the second steel disc 5321.Second plastic parts 5322 can be formed On the surface of the second steel disc 5321, the second steel disc 5321 is wrapped up.Second plastic parts 5322 can also be formed in the second steel The periphery of piece 5321 is exposed outside by the outer surface of the second steel disc 5321 or/and inner surface.Second plastic parts 5322 may be used also To be formed in outer surface or the inner surface of the second steel disc 5321.
Wherein, which forms by third steel disc 5331 is fixedly connected with third plastic parts 5332, For example third plastic parts 5332 is formed by way of injection molding on third steel disc 5331.The third plastic parts 5332 can be formed On the surface of third steel disc 5331, third steel disc 5331 is wrapped up.The third plastic parts 5332 can also be formed in third steel The periphery of piece 5331 is exposed outside by the outer surface of third steel disc 5331 or/and inner surface.The third plastic parts 5332 may be used also To be formed in outer surface or the inner surface of third steel disc 5331.
In some embodiments, the end of the first antenna structure 531 has the first lug boss 5313, second day knot There is the second lug boss 5323, the end of the third antenna structure 533 to have third protrusion portion 5333 for the end of structure 532.This One lug boss 5313, the second lug boss 5323 and third protrusion portion 5333 are housed in the location hole 5218 of frame 521.
In some embodiments, first antenna structure 531 include the first distributing point 5314 and the first earth point 5315, second Antenna structure 532 includes the second distributing point 5324 and the second earth point 5325, and third antenna structure 533 includes third distributing point 5334 and third earth point 5335.Wherein, the first distributing point 5314, the second distributing point 5324 and third distributing point 5334 from The internal direction that frame 521 is positioned against second substrate 520 extends, and to be coupled with the control circuit 13 of electronic equipment 10, realizes It is electrically connected.Wherein, the first earth point 5315, the second earth point 5325 and third earth point 5335 are from 521 position of frame Extend towards the internal direction of second substrate 520, and connect with the complete machine of electronic equipment 10, may be coupled to the complete machine the On one substrate 510, i.e. the first earth point 5315, the second earth point 5325 and third earth point 5335 with first substrate 510 Connection.
It follows that antenna structure is wrapped in steel disc surface by plastic parts or is wrapped in steel disc periphery, not only realization pair The protection of steel disc reduces the impaired possibility of steel disc;But also steel disc intensity can be increased, reduce the possibility of steel disc deformation, Promote the signal strength of antenna structure.
It follows that antenna structure is installed to the periphery appearance for avoiding antenna structure protrusion in frame in the groove of frame The outer surface of the outer surface of antenna structure and frame can be flushed setting by face, reduce the possibility of antenna structure damage.Together When, antenna structure can be located inside periphery outer surface or the frame of frame, i.e. the outer surface or inside of middle frame structure, the antenna Structural outer is unobstructed, and in the case of middle frame structure inconvenience, antenna structure is arranged compared to the frame inner surface in middle frame structure, Equivalent to increase frame, occupied space, i.e. the application's empty regions of the application antenna structure exist in the thickness direction thereof In the case of electronic equipment size inconvenience, empty regions can be increased, the intensity of antenna structure radiation signal is promoted, reduce other Device is influenced caused by antenna structure.
It should be noted that the structure of the application antenna module 50 is not limited to this.
Please refer to Fig.1 another structural schematic diagram that 6, Figure 16 is antenna module provided by the embodiments of the present application.Antenna module Including shell and antenna structure 530, shell includes first substrate 510 and second substrate 520.Please refer to Fig.1 7 and Figure 18, Figure 17 For another structural schematic diagram of second substrate provided by the embodiments of the present application, Figure 18 is antenna structure provided by the embodiments of the present application Structural schematic diagram, antenna module shown in Figure 16 and the above antenna module 50 difference lies in:Second substrate 520 is provided at least One the first notch 5219 and antenna structure 530 are provided at least one second notch 5301, the first notch 5219 and second The position of notch 5301 is corresponding, and the first notch 5219 and the second notch 5301 are interconnected, and the second notch 5301 is located at the The outside of one notch 5219.
Please continue to refer to Figure 17, the first notch 5219 is extended to form from 520 inside of second substrate towards outside direction, and first Notch 5219 is located at 521 position of frame.The application's illustrates by taking first notch 5219 as an example, it should be noted that First notch 5219 can be two or more, and two or more first notches can be separately positioned on second substrate 520 not With end, can also be arranged in same side.In some embodiments, the first notch 5219 can be rectangular notch, or arc V notch v or other shapes notch.Second substrate 520 forms supporting part 52191, supporting part 5219 in 5219 position of the first notch It can be with mask placement device.
In some embodiments, functional unit can be placed on supporting part 52191.Specifically, please referring to Fig.1 9, Figure 19 For the part-structure schematic diagram of electronic equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application.Electronic equipment includes functional unit 560, functional unit 560 can be arranged on supporting part 52191.It should be noted that functional unit 560, which can be mounted directly, is fixed on supporting part 52191 positions, can also extend to the position of the second notch 5301, for example functional unit 560 have parts of plastics, functional group The parts of plastics of part 560 extends to 5301 position of the second notch, prevents the radiation signal to antenna structure 530 from interfering.Also It should be noted that functional unit 560 can also be moved in the first notch 5219 and 5301 position of the second notch, the first notch 5219 and second notch 5301 electronic equipment internal formed channel, for functional unit 560 move, functional unit 560 can edge First notch 5219 and the second notch 5301 move to electronic device exterior, can also move from electronic device exterior and be lacked along second Mouth 5301 and the first notch 5219 move to electronic equipment internal.It, can be with when functional unit 560 moves to electronic device exterior For users to use, for example functional unit 560 includes CCD camera assembly, can be taken pictures using CCD camera assembly.It should be noted that Functional unit 560 is not limited to CCD camera assembly, for example functional unit 560 can also include flash lamp component, sensor module Deng.
Please continue to refer to Figure 18, the number of the second notch 5301 is identical with the number of the first notch 5219.Each second The position of notch 5301 and the position of first notch 5219 are corresponding.In some embodiments, the ruler of the second notch 5301 The very little size that can be more than the first notch 5219, the first notch 5219 are spatially positioned in the second notch 5301.It needs to illustrate , the size of the first notch 5219 and the second notch 5301 is not limited to, for example, the first notch 5219 and the second notch 5301 it is equal sized.In some embodiments, the second notch 5301 can be rectangular notch, or arc notch, or Other shapes notch.Wherein, antenna structure 530 forms interconnecting piece 5302 in 5301 position of the second notch, and interconnecting piece 5302 is arranged On supporting part 52191.In some embodiments, in order to ensure the radiance of antenna structure 530, increase interconnecting piece 5302 Thickness, the i.e. thickness of interconnecting piece 5302 are more than the thickness that antenna structure 530 is located at 5301 two side portions of the second notch.
Wherein, the distributing point 5304 of antenna structure 530 and earth point 5305 are located at the inner surface position of antenna structure 530 It sets, and distributing point 5304 and earth point 5305 prolong from the outer surface of second substrate 520 towards 520 internal direction of second substrate respectively It stretches, distributing point 5304 and control circuit are electrically connected, and are connected to the complete machine of earth point 5305 and electronic equipment.In some embodiments In, distributing point 5304 and earth point 5305 can be connect with interconnecting piece 5302, it should be noted that distributing point 5304 and earth point 5305 can also be connected to the other positions of antenna structure 530.Wherein, control circuit can be refering to control circuit (13,23,33 And 43).
It should be noted that the structure for opening up the second notch 5301 on antenna structure 530 can be formed in above first day In one, two or three in cable architecture 531, the second antenna structure 532 and third antenna structure 533.
In some embodiments, the first notch 5219 is between display screen and supporting part 52191.Second notch 5301 Between display screen and interconnecting piece 5302.Wherein, display screen can be refering to display screen (12,22,32 and 42).
In some embodiments, the first notch 5219 and the second notch 5301 are respectively positioned on first end 5201.
In some embodiments, Figure 20 is please referred to, Figure 20 is the structural representation of housing unit provided by the embodiments of the present application Figure.The housing unit 600 may include first substrate 610, second substrate 620 and sheet metal 630.
Wherein, first substrate 610 may be used metal material and be made, specifically can be refering to first substrate 510.
Wherein, second substrate 620 is made of nonmetallic materials.The second substrate 620 includes frame 621, the frame 621 It is looped around the periphery of first substrate 610, which is arranged fluted 6211.The groove 6211 can be the knots such as bar shaped, arc Structure.In some embodiments, which can be two, three or more.Second substrate 620 is provided in one end One notch 6219.It should be noted that the second substrate 620 can be refering to the above second substrate 520, which can join It reads with upper side frame 521, which can be refering to upper groove.
Wherein, 630 conductive energy of sheet metal.During sheet metal 630 is installed to groove 6211, it can shift to an earlier date Opened up groove, then sheet metal 630 be mounted in groove 6211, can also during injection molding by plastic cement by metal Piece wraps up, so that sheet metal 630 is embedded into the groove 6211 of frame 621.In some embodiments, which can Think the structures such as bar shaped, arc.Its sheet metal 630 is provided with the second notch 6301.It should be noted that the sheet metal 630 can With refering to the above steel disc or antenna structure 530.
Housing unit provided by the embodiments of the present application, antenna module and electronic equipment are described in detail above, this Specific case is applied in text, and the principle and implementation of this application are described, the explanation of above example is only intended to Help understands the application.Meanwhile for those skilled in the art, according to the thought of the application, in specific implementation mode and answer With there will be changes in range, in conclusion the contents of this specification should not be construed as limiting the present application.

Claims (20)

1. a kind of housing unit, which is characterized in that including:
There is at least one first notch, at least one first notch to be located at the periphery of the shell for shell, the shell Position;
Sheet metal, the sheet metal are arranged in the periphery outer surface of the shell, and the sheet metal has at least one second to lack Mouthful, second notch is corresponding with the position of the first notch.
2. housing unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the shell includes first end, the second end, One side and the second side, the first end and the second end are oppositely arranged, and first side and the second side are set relatively It sets, respectively between first side and the second side, first notch is one for the first end and the second end A, first notch is located at the first end.
3. housing unit according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the length phase of the first end and the second end Deng, the equal length of first side and the second side, the length of the first end is less than the length of first side.
4. housing unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the size of second notch is greater than or equal to described The size of first notch, first notch are spatially positioned in second notch.
5. housing unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the shell includes being located at first gap position Supporting part, the sheet metal includes the interconnecting piece positioned at second gap position, and the interconnecting piece is arranged in the carrying In portion, the thickness of the interconnecting piece is more than the thickness that the sheet metal is located at the second notch two side portions.
6. a kind of antenna module, which is characterized in that including:
There is at least one first notch, at least one first notch to be located at the periphery of the shell for shell, the shell Position;
Antenna structure, the antenna structure are arranged in the periphery outer surface of the shell, and the antenna structure has at least one Second notch, second notch is corresponding with the position of the first notch, and the antenna structure includes distributing point and ground connection Point, the distributing point and earth point extend from the housing outer surface towards the enclosure interior direction respectively.
7. antenna module according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the shell includes first end, the second end, One side and the second side, the first end and the second end are oppositely arranged, and first side and the second side are set relatively It sets, respectively between first side and the second side, first notch is one for the first end and the second end A, first notch is located at the first end.
8. antenna module according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the length phase of the first end and the second end Deng, the equal length of first side and the second side, the length of the first end is less than the length of first side.
9. antenna module according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the size of second notch is greater than or equal to described The size of first notch, first notch are spatially positioned in second notch.
10. housing unit according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the shell includes being located at first notch position The supporting part set, the antenna structure include the interconnecting piece positioned at second gap position, and the interconnecting piece is arranged described On supporting part, the thickness of the interconnecting piece is more than the thickness that the antenna structure is located at the second notch two side portions.
11. housing unit according to claim 10, which is characterized in that the earth point and distributing point respectively with the company Socket part is fixedly connected.
12. a kind of electronic equipment, which is characterized in that including:
There is at least one first notch, at least one first notch to be located at the periphery of the shell for shell, the shell Position;
Antenna structure, the antenna structure are arranged in the periphery outer surface of the shell, and the antenna structure has at least one Second notch, second notch is corresponding with the position of the first notch, and the antenna structure includes distributing point and ground connection Point, the distributing point and earth point extend from the housing outer surface towards the enclosure interior direction respectively, the earth point With being connected to the complete machine of the electronic equipment;
Functional unit, the functional unit are arranged in first gap position;
Control circuit, the control circuit are electrically connected with the functional unit, distributing point respectively.
13. electronic equipment according to claim 12, which is characterized in that the functional unit extends to second notch Position.
14. electronic equipment according to claim 12, which is characterized in that the functional unit can along first notch and Second notch is moved to the electronic device exterior.
15. antenna module according to claim 12, which is characterized in that the shell include first end, the second end, First side and the second side, the first end and the second end are oppositely arranged, and first side and the second side are opposite Respectively between first side and the second side, first notch is for setting, the first end and the second end One, first notch is located at the first end.
16. antenna module according to claim 15, which is characterized in that the length phase of the first end and the second end Deng, the equal length of first side and the second side, the length of the first end is less than the length of first side.
17. antenna module according to claim 12, which is characterized in that the size of second notch is greater than or equal to institute The size of the first notch is stated, first notch is spatially positioned in second notch.
18. housing unit according to claim 12, which is characterized in that the shell includes being located at first notch position The supporting part set, the antenna structure include the interconnecting piece positioned at second gap position, and the interconnecting piece is arranged described On supporting part, the thickness of the interconnecting piece is more than the thickness that the antenna structure is located at the second notch two side portions.
19. housing unit according to claim 18, which is characterized in that the earth point and distributing point respectively with the company Socket part is fixedly connected.
20. antenna module according to claim 18, which is characterized in that first notch is located at the supporting part and institute Between the display screen for stating electronic equipment.
CN201810386243.1A 2018-04-26 2018-04-26 Shell assembly, antenna assembly and electronic equipment Active CN108615967B (en)

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