CN108639091A - For the locomotive in suspension type rail system - Google Patents

For the locomotive in suspension type rail system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108639091A
CN108639091A CN201810732756.3A CN201810732756A CN108639091A CN 108639091 A CN108639091 A CN 108639091A CN 201810732756 A CN201810732756 A CN 201810732756A CN 108639091 A CN108639091 A CN 108639091A
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China
Prior art keywords
rail
walking
suspension type
lifters
traveling wheel
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CN201810732756.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108639091B (en
Inventor
何先志
胡震
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Jiangsu Flying Shuttle Zhihang Equipment Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Flying Shuttle Zhihang Equipment Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61FRAIL VEHICLE SUSPENSIONS, e.g. UNDERFRAMES, BOGIES OR ARRANGEMENTS OF WHEEL AXLES; RAIL VEHICLES FOR USE ON TRACKS OF DIFFERENT WIDTH; PREVENTING DERAILING OF RAIL VEHICLES; WHEEL GUARDS, OBSTRUCTION REMOVERS OR THE LIKE FOR RAIL VEHICLES
    • B61F13/00Rail vehicles characterised by wheel arrangements, not otherwise provided for

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Train Traffic Observation, Control, And Security (AREA)
  • Toys (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of locomotives in suspension type rail system, including car body(11)And car body(11)The walking mechanism of the walking mechanism of both sides, both sides can mutually switch walking when becoming rail.The present invention is made by the switching to two walking mechanisms when becoming rail, can closely follow rear car with front truck, as needed, front and back vehicle only needs the safe distance of pre- residual rice, greatly improves operational efficiency.

Description

For the locomotive in suspension type rail system
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of traffic, more particularly, to a kind of locomotive for suspension type rail traffic system.
Background technology
As urbanization process is accelerated, more and more resources and labour pour into city, promote urban development simultaneously, hand over Logical congestion problems are more and more prominent, and especially some metropolitan traffics are even more serious, and traffic congestion has seriously affected The development in city.
Conventional road traffic, has occupied ground, high although overpass can make full use of the near-earth space of planes in city Bridge formation cost is high, and noise is big, takes up an area big, it is also not possible to large area construction.Underground railway track traffic system makes full use of the underground space, Transport power is big, alleviates the effective means of traffic congestion for current large size city, but subway construction is of high cost, difficulty is big, the construction period It is long, it cannot fundamentally solve urban traffic blocking.
When traditional Rail Transit System needs to change running track in the process of running, the machine by rail switch is needed Tool movement switches the running track of locomotive to adjust the state of track, and not only the construction time of track is long, and the program is deposited It is exactly that on-fixed track switch change rail needs the long period to complete to operate, the principle based on safety will necessarily be reserved in a drawback Enough change rail safety times, this necessarily widens the safe distance of the front and back vehicle run on track, has seriously dragged down rail traffic Transport power, reduce operation average speed, waste passenger's transit time.When what is run on track is the train marshalling of big transport power, This drawback embodies unobvious, but when track applies to PRT(Personal Rapid Transit people's rapid transit systems) When, which obviously amplifies at once.The especially PRT rail traffics of high-speed cruising, it is assumed that locomotive becomes the safety that rail needs 10 seconds Become the rail time, then when locomotive running speed is 80 kilometers/hour, it is 222 meters that front and back vehicle, which needs safe spacing, such safety Distance keeps its operational efficiency very low.
Invention content
The present invention needs the time long to solve the locomotive change rail mode at present in rail traffic, and needs mounting distance Greatly, the low problem of overall operation efficiency provides a kind of locomotive in suspension type rail system, including 11 He of car body thus The walking mechanism of the walking mechanism of 11 both sides of car body, both sides can mutually switch walking when becoming rail.
Dual-axle motor 14 is equipped in car body 11, two walking mechanisms set up separately in the both sides of dual-axle motor 14, in dual-axle motor A cam 15 is respectively equipped in 14 two side axles, two cams 15 are oppositely arranged;Since two cams are oppositely arranged, with motor Rotation, the movement locus of two cams is opposite.Each walking mechanism includes two groups of walking components being oppositely arranged, every group Component of walking includes lifters 19, upper traveling wheel 12, lower traveling wheel 13 and two cranks 16, and the upper end between two cranks 16 connects Lifters 19 are connect, the lower traveling wheel 13 of lower end connection, intermediate bending part connect upper traveling wheel 12;The lifters of 14 both sides of dual-axle motor 19 lower end, 15 upper-end contact of cam corresponding with the side respectively.The traveling wheel stretched out for each traveling wheel is additionally provided on car body 11 Hole.
Preferably, the lifters 19 are the driving wheel that can be rolled in 15 upper end face of cam, when enabling its lifting more Add smooth.
Preferably, a limit shaft 17 is also crossed between two cranks 16 in same walking component, limit shaft 17 is worn simultaneously Two cranks in adjacent walking component are crossed, the position that limit shaft 17 crosses is between upper and lower traveling wheel, and the two of limit shaft 17 End is connect with the both sides inner wall of car body 11 respectively.At this time using limit shaft as fulcrum, during driving wheel lifts, above and below Traveling wheel can be stretched out or be shunk, and when upper and lower traveling wheel is stretched out, walking mechanism can be used for walking.
Preferably, the cam 15 includes continuous arc-shaped surface 18 and crank slot, and arc-shaped surface 18 is with dual-axle motor 14 axis is the center of circle, and when the arc-shaped surface 18 and lifters 19 contact, and lifters 19 are raised to highest order, crank slot and liter When dropping the contact of part 19, lifters 19 minimize position.
Preferably, walking mechanism is located in car body, and car body can protect walking mechanism, and confession is additionally provided on car body 11 The walking wheel bore that each traveling wheel stretches out.
Become in rail system in suspension type rail and also need to use and the matched track of locomotive, the track includes the first base Plinth rail 2 and the second basic rail 3, first foundation rail 2 and the second basic rail 3 are divided into the both sides of locomotive 1, and two basic rails are opposite to be set It sets.When locomotive becomes rail, the second basic rail can be changed to from first foundation rail by the switching of walking mechanism.
Preferably, the described second basic rail 3 is bending track, and bending track changes direction of travel after locomotive can be made to become rail.
Preferably, first foundation rail 2 includes two, and correspond to up and down parallel, and the second basic rail 3 includes two, and upper and lower Correspondence is parallel.Since there are two basic rails in every side of locomotive, the walking mechanism of arbitrary side is simultaneously at two two It walks on the rail of item basis, stability is more preferable.
Preferably, it is connected with guide rail 4 in the front end of two second basic rails 3, guide rail 4 is parallel with first foundation rail 2, draws The equal ecto-entad in the front end both sides of guide rail 4 is shunk, therefore the width of the front end is less than the width of guide rail itself, therefore locomotive Traveling wheel avoids colliding with guide rail in the moment being in contact with it, and so that locomotive is become rail smooth.
Preferably, two first foundation rails 2 are mounted in the first track shell 5, two second basic rails 3 and connected to it two Guide rail 4 is mounted in the second track shell 6, and the first track shell 5 and the installation of the second track shell 6 hang on track support 7 On, reduce ground installation, track support is mounted on both sides of the road.
Become in rail system in this suspension type rail, become before and after rail, the traveling wheel in two walking mechanisms can open simultaneously, only Unwanted side traveling wheel need to be packed up during becoming rail.And in order to save energy consumption and improve the use of traveling wheel Service life generally walks only with side walking mechanism before and after becoming rail.That is, before becoming rail, the walking with two first foundation rail sides For cam arc-shaped surface in mechanism in upper end, driving wheel is located at highest order, under the action of limit shaft and crank, uplink and downlink Wheel is walked to stretch out and walk on first foundation rail;The crank slot of cam is in upper end in the walking mechanism of the other side, under driving wheel is located at It is lowest order in recessed crank slot, under the action of limit shaft and crank, upper and lower traveling wheel is shunk, and is not connect with the second basic rail It touches, locomotive is walked on first foundation rail at this time.Become during rail, the arc-shaped surface of two cams at upper end, both sides Driving wheel is respectively positioned on highest order, and at this time under the action of limit shaft and crank, all traveling wheels in both sides are all stretched out and in correspondence Track on walk, when locomotive need be detached from first foundation rail when, the song with cam in the walking mechanism of first foundation rail side Slot goes to upper end, and the traveling wheel of the side is packed up and is detached from first foundation rail.After becoming rail, the vehicle with walking machine with the second basic rail side For cam arc-shaped surface in structure in upper end, driving wheel is located at highest order, and upper and lower traveling wheel continues along first foundation rail the It walks on two basic rails;For cam crank slot in the walking mechanism of the other side in upper end, driving wheel is located at lowest order, upper and lower to walk Wheel is not contacted with first foundation rail.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
The present invention does not need the mechanical movement of track switch and the variation of structure when becoming rail, and only the state of locomotive traveling wheel changes Become, so that the locomotive when becoming rail, can closely follow rear car, as needed, front and back vehicle only needs the peace of pre- residual rice with front truck Full distance can quickly become rail, greatly improve entire suspension type rail and become rail running efficiency of system.
Description of the drawings
Examples of the present invention will be described by way of reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:
Fig. 1 is schematic diagram of the locomotive when walking on first foundation rail in the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram in track shell;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of locomotive before becoming rail;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram for becoming locomotive in rail;
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of locomotive after becoming rail;
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of intra-locomotive structure;
Fig. 7 is the connection diagram of dual-axle motor and cam;
Fig. 8 is the side view of Fig. 7;
Fig. 9 is the status diagram for becoming cam and driving wheel in rail;
Figure 10 is the status diagram for becoming before rail or becoming cam and driving wheel after rail;
Figure 11 is the schematic diagram of guide rail front end.
Specific implementation mode
In conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the present invention is further explained in detail.These attached drawings are simplified schematic diagram, only with Illustration illustrates the basic structure of the present invention, therefore it only shows the composition relevant to the invention.
As described in Fig. 1-6, locomotive becomes for suspension type rail in rail system, which includes that 1, two, locomotive or more is right Answer and 2, two parallel, first foundation rail about corresponding and parallel the second basic rail 3, first foundation rail 2 and the second basic rail 3 are divided into the both sides of locomotive 1, are connected with guide rail 4 in the front end of two second basic rails 3, guide rail 4 and first foundation rail 2 are flat Row, and the front end of guide rail 4 is to make traveling wheel more smoothly upper rail, the equal ecto-entad in both sides is shunk(As shown in figure 11).Two First foundation rail 2 is mounted in the first track shell 5, and two second basic rails 3 and two guide rail 4 connected to it are mounted on second In track shell 6, the first track shell 5 and the second track shell 6 then hang and are installed on several track supports 7, track support Mounted on both sides of the road.
As seen in figures 3-6, the locomotive 1 includes the vehicle with walking machine of the dual-axle motor 14 and its both sides in car body 11 and car body 11 Structure, each walking mechanism include two groups of walking components being oppositely arranged, and every group of walking component includes as lifters 19 Driving wheel, upper 12, lower traveling wheels 13 of traveling wheel and two cranks 16, the upper end connection transmission between two cranks 16 Wheel, the lower traveling wheel 13 of lower end connection, intermediate bending part connect upper traveling wheel 12.The required power supply of locomotive can be used existing Three rails, from charged pool etc..A cam 15 is respectively equipped in two side axles of dual-axle motor 14, two cams 15 are oppositely arranged, twin shaft The lower end of the driving wheel of 14 both sides of motor 15 upper-end contact of cam corresponding with the side respectively.
A limit shaft 17 is also crossed between two cranks 16 in same walking component, limit shaft 17 is also cross adjacent rows Two cranks in component are walked, and the both ends of limit shaft 17 are connect with the both sides inner wall of car body 11 respectively.And what limit shaft 17 crossed Position is then between upper and lower traveling wheel.
As shown in Figure 7 and Figure 8, the cam 15 include continuous arc-shaped surface 18 and crank slot, arc-shaped surface 18 with The axis of dual-axle motor 14 is the center of circle, and when the arc-shaped surface 18 and lifters 19 contact, lifters 19 are raised to highest order, When crank slot is contacted with lifters 19, lifters 19 minimize position.
Before becoming rail, as shown in Figure 10, with the cam arc-shaped surface in the walking mechanism of two first foundation rail sides upper End, driving wheel is located at highest order, and under the action of limit shaft and crank, upper and lower traveling wheel stretchs out and in first foundation rail uplink It walks;In upper end, driving wheel is located in recessed crank slot cam crank slot in the walking mechanism of the other side, is lowest order, is limiting Under the action of axis and crank, upper and lower traveling wheel shrinks and is not contacted with the second basic rail, and locomotive is in first foundation rail uplink at this time It walks.
Become in rail, as shown in figure 9, the arc-shaped surface of two cams, at upper end, the driving wheel of both sides is respectively positioned on highest Position, at this time under the action of limit shaft and crank, all traveling wheels in both sides are all stretched out and are walked on corresponding track.Work as machine When vehicle needs to be detached from first foundation rail, upper end is gone to the crank slot of cam in the walking mechanism of first foundation rail side, the side Traveling wheel is packed up and is detached from first foundation rail.
After becoming rail, with the cam arc-shaped surface in the walking mechanism of the second basic rail side in upper end, driving wheel is located at Highest order, upper and lower traveling wheel continue to walk on the second basic rail along first foundation rail;It is convex in the walking mechanism of the other side Crank slot is taken turns in upper end, driving wheel is located at lowest order, under the action of limit shaft and crank, upper and lower traveling wheel contraction and not with the One basic rail contact.
It is above-mentioned according to the present invention be enlightenment, through the above description, relevant staff completely can without departing from In the range of this invention technological thought, various changes and amendments are carried out.The technical scope of this invention is not limited to In the content on specification, it is necessary to determine its technical scope according to right.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of locomotive in suspension type rail system, it is characterized in that:Including car body(11)And car body(11)The row of both sides Mechanism is walked, the walking mechanism of both sides can mutually switch walking when becoming rail.
2. the locomotive according to claim 1 in suspension type rail system, it is characterized in that:In car body(11)Inside it is equipped with Dual-axle motor(14), two walking mechanisms set up separately in dual-axle motor(14)Both sides, in dual-axle motor(14)Two side axles on respectively Equipped with a cam(15), two cams(15)It is oppositely arranged;Each walking mechanism includes two groups of walking components being oppositely arranged, Every group of walking component includes lifters(19), upper traveling wheel(12), lower traveling wheel(13)With two cranks(16), two cranks (16)Between upper end connect lifters(19), the lower traveling wheel of lower end connection(13), the intermediate upper traveling wheel of bending part connection(12); Dual-axle motor(14)The lifters of both sides(19)Lower end cam corresponding with the side respectively(15)Upper-end contact.
3. the locomotive according to claim 2 in suspension type rail system, it is characterized in that:The lifters(19)For It can be in cam(15)The driving wheel that upper end face rolls.
4. the locomotive according to claim 2 in suspension type rail system, it is characterized in that:In same walking component Two cranks(16)Between also cross a limit shaft(17), limit shaft(17)Also cross it is adjacent walking component in two cranks, And limit shaft(17)Both ends respectively with car body(11)The connection of both sides inner walls.
5. the locomotive according to claim 4 in suspension type rail system, it is characterized in that:Limit shaft(17)It crosses Position is between upper and lower traveling wheel.
6. the locomotive according to claim 2 in suspension type rail system, it is characterized in that:The cam(15)Including Continuous arc-shaped surface(18)And crank slot, arc-shaped surface(18)With dual-axle motor(14)Axis be the center of circle, and in the circular arc Shape curved surface(18)With lifters(19)When contact, lifters(19)It is raised to highest order, crank slot and lifters(19)When contact, rise Part drops(19)Minimize position.
7. the locomotive according to claim 2 in suspension type rail system, it is characterized in that:In car body(11)On also set There is the walking wheel bore stretched out for each traveling wheel.
CN201810732756.3A 2018-06-25 2018-07-05 Locomotive for suspension type track system Active CN108639091B (en)

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810660922 2018-06-25
CN2018106609223 2018-06-25

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CN108639091B CN108639091B (en) 2020-02-18

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109367559A (en) * 2018-12-11 2019-02-22 福建工程学院 A kind of the D structure rail changing device and application method of straddle-type monorail
WO2020000652A1 (en) * 2018-06-25 2020-01-02 江苏飞梭智行设备有限公司 Suspended rail changing system

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4944227A (en) * 1987-02-20 1990-07-31 Alfa-Laval Agri Scandinavia A/S Rail transportation system with switches
JP2007050763A (en) * 2005-08-18 2007-03-01 Nakanishi Metal Works Co Ltd Friction roller type driving device
CN105774819A (en) * 2016-04-22 2016-07-20 成都曙东科技有限责任公司 Automatic track-switching traveling system applied to transportation system
CN205997881U (en) * 2016-07-17 2017-03-08 乔为 Side stress steering-type hangs rail mobile devices
CN207173598U (en) * 2017-07-27 2018-04-03 陈昳临 A kind of compound bilateral wheel space orbit becomes rail system
CN208789695U (en) * 2018-06-25 2019-04-26 江苏飞梭智行设备有限公司 For the locomotive in suspension type rail system

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4944227A (en) * 1987-02-20 1990-07-31 Alfa-Laval Agri Scandinavia A/S Rail transportation system with switches
JP2007050763A (en) * 2005-08-18 2007-03-01 Nakanishi Metal Works Co Ltd Friction roller type driving device
CN105774819A (en) * 2016-04-22 2016-07-20 成都曙东科技有限责任公司 Automatic track-switching traveling system applied to transportation system
CN205997881U (en) * 2016-07-17 2017-03-08 乔为 Side stress steering-type hangs rail mobile devices
CN207173598U (en) * 2017-07-27 2018-04-03 陈昳临 A kind of compound bilateral wheel space orbit becomes rail system
CN208789695U (en) * 2018-06-25 2019-04-26 江苏飞梭智行设备有限公司 For the locomotive in suspension type rail system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2020000652A1 (en) * 2018-06-25 2020-01-02 江苏飞梭智行设备有限公司 Suspended rail changing system
CN109367559A (en) * 2018-12-11 2019-02-22 福建工程学院 A kind of the D structure rail changing device and application method of straddle-type monorail
CN109367559B (en) * 2018-12-11 2024-02-23 福建工程学院 Three-dimensional structure track-changing device of straddle type monorail and use method

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