CN201321047Y - City track traffic system - Google Patents

City track traffic system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201321047Y
CN201321047Y CNU2008202319223U CN200820231922U CN201321047Y CN 201321047 Y CN201321047 Y CN 201321047Y CN U2008202319223 U CNU2008202319223 U CN U2008202319223U CN 200820231922 U CN200820231922 U CN 200820231922U CN 201321047 Y CN201321047 Y CN 201321047Y
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China
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station
track
ground
rail
building
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNU2008202319223U
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Chinese (zh)
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何文超
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何文超
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a city track traffic system which mainly comprises sliding tracks, track cars and track stations; and every two track stations are connected in series through a sliding track, and the track cars are movably arranged on the sliding tracks. The city track traffic system is characterized in that the sliding track between every two track stations is divided into an uplink track and a downlink track, an upright V-shaped structure is substantially formed between the uplink track and the downlink track, and the lower half part of the V-shaped structure extends below the ground surface; an angle of 30-35 degrees is formed between the downlink track and the ground, and an angle of 40-45 degrees is formed between the uplink track and the ground; the track stations are arranged in a station tower; and elevators for providing the passages to enter in the track stations are arranged in the station tower. The utility model has simple structure, high speed and high practicability, solves the problems existing in the prior transportation tool of high pollution, high energy consumption, sole line, and the like, and fills the blank of the technical field.

Description

City Rail Transit System
Technical field:
The utility model relates to a kind of track vehicle, particularly a kind ofly both can travel more than ground, again can be at the underground novel high speed City Rail Transit System that travels.
Background technology:
Along with social economy's fast development, urban population increases, and the surge of the various vehicle brings a series ofly such as crowded traffic, social concern such as environmental pollution is serious, energy resource consumption is big thus, and this has higher requirement to improving city traffic order and situation.And present people also have higher requirement to the quality of going on a journey, and the vehicle are not only wanted energy-saving and environmental protection, and for the city with travel value, the vehicle also should have the function of city sightseeing; At present, the main vehicle of most of cities employings have following several types: ground communications, elevated railway traffic and subway.
Ground communications comprises: passenger traffic public transport and roadlice (comprising family's car, officer's car and taxicar etc.).The station of passenger traffic public transport mostly is chosen in densely populated location, and its fuel oil consumption is big, exhaust emissions exceeds standard, contaminated environment, and, because ground-surface space is limited, then can cause the phenomenon of traffic congestion; Domestic and international at present big medium-sized city, the phenomenon of crowded traffic is more and more, serious year by year, particularly bustling city, roadlice still is that bus speed is all slow during traffic congestion, such as, each bar circuit often blocks up in Beijing, take the distance that taxicar just has only tens kilometers, but used several hrs, take advantage of the time of bus just longer, if run into sleety weather, the car amount is travelled just slowlyer, also constantly occurs phenomenons such as traffic accident sometimes, has delayed normal work of passenger and life.
The elevated railway traffic system is a kind of of urban track traffic, and the quick rail traffic that just it has often been said is a kind of new city mass transit system that last century, the seventies grew up.Because light rail adopts electronically controlled tramway train can pull single-unit or more piece compartment, and uses electric locomotive traction, and the dedicated track of oneself is arranged, has the advantage that freight volume is big, speed fast, pollution is little, integral point is punctual.But construction costs is higher, floor area is big, and mainly need driven by power, also expending the energy in a large number virtually, and be not easy to build aerial conveyor in the more bustling location of overpasss such as down town, and circuit is single, and vehicle density is restricted, be not easy to apply, especially small and medium cities.
Subway is the abbreviation of subway, is a kind of independently rail traffic system, is not subjected to the influence of surface road situation, can normally move according to the design-calculated ability, thereby fast, safely, cosily transport passenger, efficient height, pollution-free, can realize the requirement of large conveying quantity.But since subway will whole process in the underground excavation tunnel, need a large amount of time, construction period is longer, and because the operation whole process of subway all underground, needs frequent maintenance, water-impervious, flood control, antigas, fire prevention, air-pollution control, illumination etc. all to need the funds of some; And for a city, subway also is unfavorable for using in city sightseeing.
Summary of the invention:
Goal of the invention: the utility model provides a kind of City Rail Transit System, and its purpose is to solve because the problem of aspect such as the vehicle surge institute of current society brings the energy resource consumption of a series of existing vehicle existence big, execution conditions are limited, traffic congestion, seriously polluted and purposes are single.
Technical scheme: the utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
City Rail Transit System mainly comprises sliding rail, rail vehicle and orbital station; Connect by sliding rail between per two orbital stations, rail vehicle is movably arranged on the sliding rail, it is characterized in that: the sliding rail between per two orbital stations is divided into downing track and uplink path, be vertical " V " type structure between downing track and the uplink path substantially, the latter half of described " V " type structure extends into below ground; Described downing track becomes 30~35 ° of angles with ground, uplink path becomes 40~45 with ground; The orbital station is arranged in the high building of station, is provided with the elevator that enters into the orbital station for the passenger in the high building of described station.
Described orbital station is arranged on the top of station high building, and the top of each station high building is provided with two-layer orbital station, and the orbital station is two-layer up and down, and every layer floor height is 4~7 meters, and the direction between the two-layer orbital station institute bonded assembly sliding rail is interlaced vertical.
Described orbital station floor height is 5 meters.
Also be provided with electric propulsion system in the described rail vehicle.
Also be provided with brake in the described rail vehicle.
Described downing track becomes 35 ° of angles with ground, uplink path becomes 40 ° of angles with ground.
The deep equality that the height of described station high building and sliding rail stretch into below ground.
The part of described sliding rail more than ground fixes on the ground by the rail supported column.
Advantage and effect:
The utility model is on the basis of existing vehicle elevated railway and subway, improved, a kind of three-dimensional City Rail Transit System is provided, it all has setting at below ground with more than the ground, make also that in the area that reduces to take more than the ground its application is more flexible, even also can use freely in the more area of overpass, and, this system mainly adopts the form that gravitional force is changed into kinetic energy that power is provided, and has also reduced the consumption of the energy; And this system in the process of using because be to belong to the form that gets on, get off, whole process is similar to the form of cleaving, thus also have the function of certain amusement and sightseeing, such as, this system applies when the ground such as amusement park, promptly can be used as a kind of recreational facilities; And it can be laterally and the track circuit that vertically is crisscross arranged, the diversification requirement that has improved circuit.
The utility model is simple in structure, and speed is fast, and is practical, compares with subway, and less, the Maintenance Significant Items minimizing of injecting capital into, maintenance and operating costs also reduce greatly, and transport benefits is better, has the function of amusement and sightseeing simultaneously again; Compare with elevated railway, because the track that half is arranged is underground, reduced floor area, improved the alerting ability of its use, and the city traffic scope has been widened in the circuit diversification, has alleviated the pressure of urban traffic blocking, solved the problem that aspects such as existing vehicle high pollution, highly energy-consuming, circuit be single exist, it has filled up the blank of this technical field.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is a station of the present utility model high building structural representation;
Fig. 2 is an integral structure scheme drawing of the present utility model;
The specific embodiment:
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is described further:
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model is a kind of City Rail Transit System, mainly comprises sliding rail 1, rail vehicle 2 and orbital station 3; Sliding rail 1 is cascaded per two orbital stations 3, and the sliding rail 1 between per two orbital stations 3 is divided into downing track 7 and uplink path 8 two parts; Be vertical " V " shape structure substantially between downing track 7 and the uplink path 8, the so-called direction that vertically just is perpendicular to horizontal surface; The lower portion of described " V " shape structure is stretched into underground, the above part of basseting the sliding rail 1 of described " V " shape structure supports by rail supported column 6, rail supported column 6 fixes on the ground, and rail supported column 6 directly withstands on the bracing frame 4 of the bottom that is arranged on sliding rail 1; Rail supported column 6 can use singlely also can be selected doublely, and the effect when double is best; Described orbital station 3 is arranged on the top of station high building 5,
As shown in Figure 2, described downing track 7 becomes 30~35 ° of angles with ground, uplink path 8 becomes 40~45 with ground, effect was best when downing track 7 was grown than uplink path 8, length ratio between downing track 7 and the uplink path 8 can be tried to achieve according to field condition is actual, when walking to the lowermost end of downing track 7, there is enough inertia to dash the extremely top of up track 8 as long as satisfy rail vehicle 2, its principle is similar to the rail vehicle of recreation ground, and satisfy this condition, then the quality to rail vehicle 2 also has requirement, this just need be according to the quality of rail vehicle 2, the reasonable disposition seating capacity; Rail vehicle 2 will produce proper speed when descending like this, makes it have enough power to be used for overcoming gravity and friction force when up.Orbital station 3 is arranged on the top of station high building 5, one end of orbital station 3 is connected with the end of uplink path 8, an other end is connected with the head end of downing track 7, the top of each station high building 5 all can be provided with two-layer orbital station 3, be between 3 the bonded assembly sliding rails 1 in two-layer orbital station so up and down level to interlaced capwise, for example: when 3 the bonded assembly sliding rails 1 in the orbital station on upper strata were east-west, then 3 the bonded assembly sliding rails 1 in lower floor orbital station were south-north direction; The floor height of described orbital station 3 is 4~7 meters; The height of station high building 5 equates with the degree of depth that sliding rail 1 puts in below ground, promptly equate apart from ground-surface distance with the nadir of sliding rail 1, the purpose of doing like this is both to have made rail vehicle 2 have enough height to travel along downing track 7 downwards, overcome rail vehicle 2 resistance such as suffered gravity and friction drag when uplink path 8 upwards travels thereby gravitional force is converted into enough kinetic energy, thereby provide enough power for uphill process.
The quantity of station high building 5 can be set according to the size in city and the length of planning distance.When the height of station high building 5 is limited to 100 meters-300 meters, the best results when distance between two station high buildings 5 that face mutually is limited to 5km-25km.
Rail vehicle 2 can adopt existing light rail or the employed vehicle of subway, also can be formed by retired aircraft transformation, and its principle also is similar to the rail vehicle of recreation ground.
Station high building 5 can adopt the building of framed structure or steel structure.
City Rail Transit System of the present utility model is in the process of using, rail vehicle 2 is from being arranged on the orbital station 3 on the station high building 5, by initial electric propulsion system drive track car 2 or when rail vehicle 2 stops, utilize brake with the top of rail vehicle 2 brakings at downing track 7, rail vehicle 2 has just had a trend that moves downward like this, when operation, the releasing of brake device gets final product then; And no matter utilize electric propulsion system or brake, its purpose all is to make rail vehicle 2 have original tripping force; And spent electric energy is very little when utilizing electric propulsion system to start, when rail vehicle 2 during in sliding rail 1 operation, electric propulsion system quits work, this moment, rail vehicle 2 dependence inertia travelled downwards through downing track 7 earlier, gravitional force is converted into kinetic energy, the acceleration/accel of rail vehicle 2 increases always, running velocity is also more and more faster, at this moment, do not expend the energy, do not pollute yet, when the nadir that arrives sliding rail 1 is the junction of downing track 7 and uplink path 8, maxim when the speed of rail vehicle 2 reaches descending, upwards travel through uplink path 8, because the influence of gravity and friction force, rail vehicle 2 up acceleration/accels are reducing again, speed is still increasing, until acceleration/accel is reduced to 0m/s 2After, speed arrives the maxim when up, and rail vehicle 2 begins to do decelerated movement up to arriving next orbital station 3, because the length of sliding rail 1 and pre-set highly, so the speed that produces when descending just can be offset the friction drag in up, thereby has finished the operation at a station; For guaranteeing rail vehicle 2 better from the transition of downing track 7 to uplink path 8, downing track 7 should adopt arc-shaped transition with uplink path 8 in the intersection of below ground; In addition, in case owing to some unpredictalbe reasons, when causing rail vehicle 2 can not rely on inertia to drive towards the top of uplink path 8, electric propulsion system that can opening track car 2, thus drive track car 2 rises to the top of uplink path 8; And this moment, the electric energy role is the effect of emergency danger-avoiding; Though whole process is the electric power once in a while, but electric energy is not to belong to the use of carrying throughout, and the whole transportation most of the time of rail vehicle 2 is to rely on inertia, just just can use electric energy when starting and emergency danger-avoiding, therefore, the purpose that meets low power consuming of the present utility model.In addition, high building 5 is provided with stair or elevator AT STATION, makes that people can be by stair or elevator discrepancy orbital station 3.In order to prevent that rail vehicle 2 breaks away from sliding rail 1 in operational process, the wheel and the type of attachment between the sliding rail 1 of rail vehicle 2 can be arranged to the such structure of existing track roller-coaster.
This City Rail Transit System is because the main inertia that relies on moves, and when descending, has very high speed, and whole operational process is the fluctuating shape, therefore, also relatively be fit to some amusement requirements, simultaneously because station high building 5 has certain height, so also have fine sightseeing effect.
Embodiment 1:
Aforesaid City Rail Transit System, the height of station high building 5 are 100 meters, and the floor height of orbital station 3 is 4 meters, rail supported column 6 is single-column or twin columns, and downing track 7 becomes 30 ° of angles with ground, and uplink path 8 becomes 40 ° of angles with ground, at this moment, the distance between the station high building 5 is 5km; When rail vehicle 2 during from the 3s, orbital station, downing track 7 along sliding rail 1 travels, because the existence of gravitional force, can make the speed of rail vehicle more and more faster, when the nadir that drives to sliding rail 1 by orbital station 3 when rail vehicle 2 is a downing track 7 with the junction of uplink path 8, at this moment fastest, thereby make rail vehicle 2 travel from bottom to top with very fast speed, when up, because the influence of gravity and friction force, rail vehicle 2 is done the motion of earlier quickening afterwards to slow down, and the speed of generation just can be offset gravity and the friction force when up when descending, makes rail vehicle 2 drive to next orbital station 3; Certainly, if rail vehicle 2 can't normally arrive next orbital station 3, then only need to start electric propulsion system rail vehicle 2 tractions are got final product to the appointed place.
Embodiment 2:
In embodiment 1 described City Rail Transit System, the building height degree of station high building 5 is 200 meters, and at this moment, the distance between the station high building 5 is 5-8km; The floor height of the orbital station 3 of same station high building 5 is 5 meters, and rail supported column 6 is single-column or twin columns, and downing track 7 becomes 30 ° of angles with ground, uplink path 8 and angle at 45, ground; The driving process of rail vehicle 2 is identical with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3:
In a kind of City Rail Transit System, the building height degree of station high building 5 is 300 meters, at this moment, distance between the station high building 5 is 10-20km, the floor height of the orbital station 3 of same station high building 5 is 7 meters, rail supported column 6 is twin columns or single-column, and downing track 7 becomes 30 ° of angles with ground, and uplink path 8 becomes 40 ° of angles with ground; The driving process of rail vehicle 2 is identical with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 4:
In a kind of City Rail Transit System, the building height degree of station high building 5 is 100 meters, at this moment, distance between the station high building 5 is 5-10km, the floor height of the orbital station 3 of same station high building 5 is 5 meters, rail supported column 6 is single-column or twin columns, and downing track 7 becomes 35 ° of angles with ground, and uplink path 8 becomes 40 ° of angles with ground; The driving process of rail vehicle 2 is identical with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 5:
In a kind of City Rail Transit System, the building height degree of station high building 5 is 200 meters, at this moment, distance between the station high building 5 is 10-20km, the floor height of the orbital station 3 of same station high building 5 is 6 meters, rail supported column 6 is twin columns or single-column, and downing track 7 becomes 35 ° of angles with ground, uplink path 8 and angle at 45, ground; The driving process of rail vehicle 2 is identical with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 6:
In embodiment 1 described a kind of City Rail Transit System, the building height degree of station high building 5 is 300 meters, distance between the station high building 5 is 25km, the floor height of the orbital station 3 of same station high building 5 is 6 meters, rail supported column 6 is a single-column, downing track 7 becomes 35 ° of angles with ground, uplink path 8 and angle at 45, ground; The driving process of rail vehicle 2 is identical with embodiment 1.
The utility model is simple in structure, and speed is fast, and is practical, compares with subway, and infusion of financial resources Less, Maintenance Significant Items minimizing, maintenance and cost of use also reduce greatly. Its transport benefits is better, simultaneously again Function with amusement and sightseeing; Compare with elevated railway, because the track that half is arranged underground, reduces Floor space, improved the flexibility of its use, and the circuit diversification, widened the urban transportation scope, Alleviate the pressure of urban traffic blocking, had again the function of city sightseeing and amusement simultaneously.
It is single etc. that this City Rail Transit System has solved existing vehicles high pollution, highly energy-consuming, circuit The problem that the aspect exists, it has filled up the blank of this technical field.

Claims (8)

1, City Rail Transit System mainly comprises sliding rail (1), rail vehicle (2) and orbital station (3); Connect by sliding rail (1) between per two orbital stations (3), rail vehicle (2) is movably arranged on the sliding rail (1), it is characterized in that: the sliding rail (1) between per two orbital stations (3) is divided into downing track (7) and uplink path (8), be vertical " V " type structure between downing track (7) and the uplink path (8) substantially, the latter half of described " V " type structure extends into below ground; Described downing track (7) becomes 30~35 ° of angles with ground, uplink path (8) becomes 40~45 with ground; Orbital station (3) is arranged in the station high building (5), is provided with the elevator for passenger injection station (3) AT STATION in the high building (5).
2, City Rail Transit System according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described orbital station (3) are arranged on the top of station high building (5), the top of each station high building (5) is provided with two-layer orbital station (3), orbital station (3) is two-layer up and down, every layer floor height is 4~7 meters, and the direction between two-layer orbital station (3) institute's bonded assembly sliding rails (1) is interlaced vertical.
3, City Rail Transit System according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described orbital station (3) floor height is 5 meters.
4, City Rail Transit System according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described rail vehicle also is provided with electric propulsion system in (2).
5, City Rail Transit System according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described rail vehicle also is provided with brake in (2).
6, City Rail Transit System according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described downing track (7) becomes 35 ° of angles with ground, and uplink path (8) becomes 40 ° of angles with ground.
7, City Rail Transit System according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the height of described station high building (5) and sliding rail (1) stretch into the deep equality of below ground.
8, City Rail Transit System according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the part of described sliding rail (1) more than ground fixes on the ground by rail supported column (6).
CNU2008202319223U 2008-12-22 2008-12-22 City track traffic system Expired - Fee Related CN201321047Y (en)

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CNU2008202319223U CN201321047Y (en) 2008-12-22 2008-12-22 City track traffic system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008202319223U CN201321047Y (en) 2008-12-22 2008-12-22 City track traffic system

Publications (1)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102658821A (en) * 2012-05-21 2012-09-12 单景州 Assistance, high-speed and energy-saving type metro track imposed with speed-reducing weak inertial force
CN106522062A (en) * 2016-07-11 2017-03-22 陈杰 Solar slope slideway
CN108216270A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-06-29 耿子瑜 A kind of track vehicle for improving ride experience

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102658821A (en) * 2012-05-21 2012-09-12 单景州 Assistance, high-speed and energy-saving type metro track imposed with speed-reducing weak inertial force
CN106522062A (en) * 2016-07-11 2017-03-22 陈杰 Solar slope slideway
CN108216270A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-06-29 耿子瑜 A kind of track vehicle for improving ride experience

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20091007

Termination date: 20131222

C17 Cessation of patent right