CN102060026A - Light transportation vehicle - Google Patents

Light transportation vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102060026A
CN102060026A CN2010102989091A CN201010298909A CN102060026A CN 102060026 A CN102060026 A CN 102060026A CN 2010102989091 A CN2010102989091 A CN 2010102989091A CN 201010298909 A CN201010298909 A CN 201010298909A CN 102060026 A CN102060026 A CN 102060026A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
vehicle
headstock
ground
engaging
emergency brake
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Granted
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CN2010102989091A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102060026B (en
Inventor
宋有洲
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Bai Zihe
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宋有洲
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Priority to CN201010298909A priority Critical patent/CN102060026B/en
Publication of CN102060026A publication Critical patent/CN102060026A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T30/00Transportation of goods or passengers via railways, e.g. energy recovery or reducing air resistance

Abstract

The invention discloses a light transportation vehicle. The vehicle comprises a compartment, a plurality of connecting floor boards and traveling components, wherein the connecting floor boards are positioned at the bottom of the compartment; the traveling components are positioned on two sides of the bottoms of the connecting floor boards, and support and convey the connecting floor boards and the compartment; the minimum distance between the connecting floor boards and the ground is at least greater than the height of a sedan; the distance between the traveling components on the two sides of the bottoms of the connecting floor boards is at least greater than the width of the sedan; the distances between the traveling components on the two sides of the bottoms of the connecting floor boards and the side faces of the sedan are large enough for the sedan to safely travel therebetween; the compartment comprises at least one vehicle head and at least one vehicle body; the vehicle body comprises a left half vehicle body and a right half vehicle body which can be combined into a complete vehicle body; the vehicle head comprises a left half vehicle head and a right half vehicle head which can be combined into a complete vehicle head; the plurality of connecting floor boards respectively correspond to each vehicle head and each vehicle body; and the vehicle head and the vehicle body are connected through a connecting mechanism, and vehicle bodies are connected through a connecting mechanism.

Description

Light-duty vehicular traffic
Technical field
The present invention relates to railway traffic technique field.
Background technology
At present, sharp increase along with urban population quantity, the city traffic system becomes increasingly complex, the railway traffic for example tramway train, light rail, subway etc. as quick, punctual, energy-conservation, safe mode of transportation a lot of cities in the world all in widespread use.
About light-duty vehicular traffic, the applicant on June 26th, 2009 submitted to application number be 200920059314.3 utility model patents that are called " wide-body elevated car ", on January 8th, 2010 submitted to name be called " wide-body elevated car and apparatus for getting on/down thereof and fast escaping device " application for a patent for invention, submitted to name to be called the application for a patent for invention of " railway vehicle emergency braking system " and the utility application that name is called " railway vehicular traffic guidance system " on September 27th, 2010.
More than application does not all relate to transportation, the loading and unloading of railway vehicular traffic, and the railway vehicular traffic in the above application is wide-body elevated car, it is bulky, can not realize transportation of truck-load, and this just becomes the obstacle that this vehicle is applied to different region and city.
Summary of the invention
The technical matters that the present invention mainly solves provides a kind of light-duty vehicular traffic that can conveniently carry out other cars that can travel of dismounting transportation under car.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the present invention adopts is: a kind of light-duty vehicular traffic is provided, comprises: compartment, connection floor and ground-engaging element; Described connection floor is positioned at the bottom, compartment, and described ground-engaging element is positioned at and connects the floor bottoms both sides, supports and transportation connection floor and compartment; The liftoff minimum constructive height in described connection floor is at least greater than the car overall height, spacing is at least greater than the car overall width between the ground-engaging element of described connection floor bottoms both sides, and connects the ground-engaging element of floor bottoms both sides and the enough cars of the spacing safety traffic betwixt between the described car side; Described compartment comprises at least one headstock and at least one vehicle body, described vehicle body comprises vehicle body left side and the vehicle body right-hand part that can merge into complete vehicle body, described headstock comprises headstock left side and the headstock right-hand part that can merge into complete headstock, described connection floor is divided into polylith, respectively corresponding each vehicle body and headstock; Between described headstock and the vehicle body, all connect between vehicle body and the vehicle body by bindiny mechanism.
Wherein, described headstock quantity is two, lay respectively at the vehicle body front and back end, described ground-engaging element comprises headstock ground-engaging element and vehicle body ground-engaging element, be located at the floor bottoms that is connected of the connection floor bottoms of corresponding headstock and corresponding vehicle body respectively, and support and connection are all being arranged between ground-engaging element and the vehicle body, between ground-engaging element and headstock, and each described connection floor comprises left side, floor and the right-hand part that can merge into complete connection floor.
Wherein, the top of described vehicle body is provided with the gangway of passenger getting on/off, and the gangway is provided with ladder with being connected between the floor, and the gangway is provided with cover plate; Comprise apparatus for getting on/down, described apparatus for getting on/down comprises the overhead overline bridge that is erected at the travel top, the height at this overline bridge ground-surface height of distance and vehicle body top is suitable, overline bridge is provided with and the suitable import and export in gangway, vehicle body top, the overline bridge two ends are provided with and ground bonded assembly ladder or escalator, make that the passenger can be by overhead overline bridge from vehicle body top discrepancy railway carriage.
Wherein, the both sides of described railway carriage are made of side panel, are provided with a plurality of portable plates in the side panel of railway carriage one or both sides, are made as flexible connection between portable plate and the vehicle body, thus make portable plate relatively vehicle body open and constitute quick emergency exits.
Wherein, the guidance system and the steering hardware that is positioned at headstock that comprise vehicle, described ground-engaging element comprises the track adjusting wheel that is positioned at the bottom, described guidance system comprise in the steering hardware bonded assembly axis of guide, ground-engaging element of an end and vehicle two by wheel shaft bonded assembly track adjusting wheel, be arranged at the guiding groove on the road surface, the axis of guide, track adjusting wheel and wheel shaft all are positioned at the bottom of steering hardware; The other end of the axis of guide is connected with the middle part of wheel shaft; Guiding groove is embedded under the face of land, road surface, and it is provided with opening at place, the face of land, road surface, and the axis of guide stretches in the guiding groove by opening, and track adjusting wheel can be rotated in guiding groove.
Wherein, comprise emergency braking system, described emergency braking system comprises emergency brake wheel, emergency brake arm, hydraulic efficiency pressure system and emergency brake control system, the wheel center of emergency brake wheel is provided with a wheel shaft, one end of emergency brake arm is connected to vehicle body by a rotating shaft, and the other end of emergency brake arm is connected with described wheel shaft; Hydraulic efficiency pressure system is the actuating unit of emergency braking system, and it comprises a hydraulic actuating cylinder and a Hydraulic Pump, and an end and the body contact of hydraulic actuating cylinder, the other end are connected between the point of connection of the mid point of emergency brake arm and emergency brake arm and wheel shaft by the hydraulic actuating cylinder axle; Emergency brake control system may command hydraulic pump drive hydraulic actuating cylinder moves downward, and then drives the emergency brake wheel by the emergency brake arm and move downward to the Crane Rail surface and produce friction force with Crane Rail and make the vehicle emergency brake.
Wherein, comprise magnetic force self-priming radio relay communication formula conducting system, described system comprises the electric installation that some intervals are provided with and is located at the conducting rod or the bus of vehicle roof, vehicle ' or when resting on the road, the conducting rod at its top or bus are connected with electric installation contact and formation circuit; Described electric installation comprises support post, hold-down arm and conductive roller, and support post is installed in the next door of road, and hold-down arm is connected with support post, and conductive roller is connected with hold-down arm by articulating device; Described conductive roller is connected with power supply by transmission pressure; The conducting rod of described conductive roller and ground-surface distance and vehicle roof or the height of bus are suitable, and conductive roller forms circuit with described conducting rod or bus by magnetic attraction contact back and is connected.
Wherein, described articulating device comprises coil tension spring, and an end of coil tension spring is captiveed joint with hold-down arm, and the other end connects conductive roller, makes conductive roller freely hang on the hold-down arm and form by coil tension spring and flexibly connects.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, another technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of light-duty vehicular traffic is provided, comprises: compartment and ground-engaging element; Described ground-engaging element is positioned at the compartment two bottom sides, supports and conveying carriage; Below, described compartment is provided with the driving passage that vehicle travels that is used for of fore-and-aft direction below the compartment; Described compartment is a sectional construction, comprises each assembled unit that can be combined as complete headstock or complete vehicle body, passes through bindiny mechanism's captive joint between each described assembled unit.
Wherein, described compartment comprises at least one headstock and at least one vehicle body, described vehicle body comprises vehicle body left side and the vehicle body right-hand part that can merge into complete vehicle body, described headstock comprises headstock left side and the headstock right-hand part that can merge into complete headstock, described vehicle body left side, vehicle body right-hand part, headstock left side and headstock right-hand part are described assembled units, and support and connection are all being arranged between ground-engaging element and the vehicle body, between ground-engaging element and headstock; Or described compartment comprises at least one headstock and at least one vehicle body, described vehicle body comprise can before and after merge at least two sections car bodies of complete vehicle body, described headstock comprise can before and after merge at least two paragraph header bodies of complete headstock, a described car body and a body are described assembled units, and support and connection are all being arranged between ground-engaging element and the vehicle body, between ground-engaging element and headstock.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the applicant's specific aim proposes the sectional construction vehicle technology, design can be combined as each assembled unit of complete headstock or complete vehicle body, pass through bindiny mechanism's captive joint between each described assembled unit, like this, before transport vehicle, vehicle body left side that can volume ratio is less, the vehicle body right-hand part, headstock left side and headstock right-hand part are packed in the existing transport trolley, the situation that the transport trolley space fails to lay down greatly inadequately can not appear, arriving can combine each several part behind the destination becomes a complete vehicle and uses, can be transported to different regions and city without barrier when making vehicle of the present invention after producing, maybe need to transport, overcome the difficult problem of Product transport.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of split structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the birds-eye view of split structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the section drawing of split structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the front view of mounted configuration scheme drawing of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the birds-eye view of mounted configuration scheme drawing of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the section drawing of mounted configuration scheme drawing of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is that Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is that Fig. 2 is a plan structure scheme drawing of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is that Fig. 3 is the structural representation of looking up of Fig. 2;
Figure 10 is the plan structure scheme drawing of elevated car of the present invention;
Figure 11 is the structural representation of looking up of Figure 10;
Figure 12 is the left TV structure scheme drawing of Figure 10;
Figure 13 is the plan structure scheme drawing after elevated car of the present invention is opened emergency exits;
Figure 14 is the left TV structure scheme drawing of Figure 13;
Figure 15 is that elevated car emergency exits of the present invention adopt expansion link to support ground-surface structural representation;
Figure 16 is the perspective view after elevated car of the present invention is opened emergency exits.
Figure 17 is a railway vehicle integral structure scheme drawing of the present invention.
Figure 18 is the enlarged diagram of A part among Figure 17.
Figure 19 is a railway vehicle integral structure scheme drawing of the present invention.
Figure 20 is the enlarged diagram of A part among Figure 19.
Figure 21 is that Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention;
Figure 22 is the side-looking structural representation of Figure 21;
Figure 23 is one of perspective view of the present invention;
Figure 24 is two of a perspective view of the present invention;
Figure 25 is the local enlarged diagram at Y place among Figure 21;
Figure 26 is the local enlarged diagram at X place among Figure 22;
Figure 27 is the local enlarged diagram at V place among Figure 23;
Figure 28 is the local enlarged diagram at Z place among Figure 24.
The specific embodiment
Consult Fig. 1 to Fig. 6 together, the light-duty vehicular traffic of the present invention is implemented to comprise:
Compartment, connection floor and ground-engaging element;
Described connection floor is positioned at the bottom, compartment, and described ground-engaging element is positioned at and connects the floor bottoms both sides, supports and transportation connection floor and compartment;
The liftoff minimum constructive height in described connection floor is at least greater than the car overall height, spacing is at least greater than the car overall width between the ground-engaging element of described connection floor bottoms both sides, and connects the ground-engaging element of floor bottoms both sides and the enough cars of the spacing safety traffic betwixt between the described car side;
Described compartment comprises at least one headstock and at least one vehicle body, described vehicle body comprises vehicle body left side and the vehicle body right-hand part that can merge into complete vehicle body, described headstock comprises headstock left side and the headstock right-hand part that can merge into complete headstock, described connection floor is divided into polylith, respectively corresponding each vehicle body and headstock;
Between described headstock and the vehicle body, all connect between vehicle body and the vehicle body by bindiny mechanism.
Above embodiment as can be seen, because 200920059314.3 utility model patent technology that are called " wide-body elevated car " of the applicant's application are newly-invented wide body vehicle technology, so far there is no special this type of vehicular transport that relates to, the demand of loading and unloading, and wide body vehicle itself may be not easy to long-distance running, therefore, reply is bulky at present, be difficult to realize the present situation of transportation of truck-load, the applicant's specific aim proposes the sectional construction vehicle technology, design can be combined as each assembled unit of complete headstock or complete vehicle body, pass through bindiny mechanism's captive joint between each described assembled unit, like this, before transport vehicle, vehicle body left side that can volume ratio is less, the vehicle body right-hand part, headstock left side and headstock right-hand part are packed in the existing transport trolley, the situation that the transport trolley space fails to lay down greatly inadequately can not appear, arriving can combine each several part behind the destination becomes a complete vehicle and uses, can be transported to different regions and city without barrier when making vehicle of the present invention after producing, maybe need to transport, overcome the difficult problem of Product transport.
Described ground-engaging element can be general wheel, also can be to be specifically designed to the metal wheel of walking on the track.
Therein among embodiment, described headstock quantity is two, lay respectively at the vehicle body front and back end, described ground-engaging element comprises headstock ground-engaging element and vehicle body ground-engaging element, be located at the floor bottoms that is connected of the connection floor bottoms of corresponding headstock and corresponding vehicle body respectively, each described connection floor comprises left side, floor and the right-hand part that can merge into complete connection floor, and support and connection are all being arranged between ground-engaging element and the vehicle body, between ground-engaging element and headstock.
Emergency situation for reply contingency occurs, carry out following design and escape to make things convenient for the passenger:
The top of described vehicle body is provided with the gangway of passenger getting on/off, and the gangway is provided with ladder with being connected between the floor, and the gangway is provided with cover plate;
Comprise apparatus for getting on/down, described apparatus for getting on/down comprises the overhead overline bridge that is erected at the travel top, the height at this overline bridge ground-surface height of distance and vehicle body top is suitable, overline bridge is provided with and the suitable import and export in gangway, vehicle body top, the overline bridge two ends are provided with and ground bonded assembly ladder or escalator, make that the passenger can be by overhead overline bridge from vehicle body top discrepancy railway carriage.
Further, all right following design:
The both sides of described railway carriage are made of side panel, are provided with a plurality of portable plates in the side panel of railway carriage one or both sides, are made as flexible connection between portable plate and the vehicle body, thus make portable plate relatively vehicle body open and constitute quick emergency exits.
For ground-engaging element is the situation of track special-purpose metal wheel, all right shaping-orientation system:
The guidance system and the steering hardware that is positioned at headstock that comprise vehicle, described ground-engaging element comprises the track adjusting wheel that is positioned at the bottom, described guidance system comprise in the steering hardware bonded assembly axis of guide, ground-engaging element of an end and vehicle two by wheel shaft bonded assembly track adjusting wheel, be arranged at the guiding groove on the road surface, the axis of guide, track adjusting wheel and wheel shaft all are positioned at the bottom of steering hardware;
The other end of the axis of guide is connected with the middle part of wheel shaft; Guiding groove is embedded under the face of land, road surface, and it is provided with opening at place, the face of land, road surface, and the axis of guide stretches in the guiding groove by opening, and track adjusting wheel can be rotated in guiding groove.
For ground-engaging element is the situation of track special-purpose metal wheel, can also followingly design:
Comprise emergency braking system, described emergency braking system comprises emergency brake wheel, emergency brake arm, hydraulic efficiency pressure system and emergency brake control system, the wheel center of emergency brake wheel is provided with a wheel shaft, one end of emergency brake arm is connected to vehicle body by a rotating shaft, and the other end of emergency brake arm is connected with described wheel shaft; Hydraulic efficiency pressure system is the actuating unit of emergency braking system, and it comprises a hydraulic actuating cylinder and a Hydraulic Pump, and an end and the body contact of hydraulic actuating cylinder, the other end are connected between the point of connection of the mid point of emergency brake arm and emergency brake arm and wheel shaft by the hydraulic actuating cylinder axle; Emergency brake control system may command hydraulic pump drive hydraulic actuating cylinder moves downward, and then drives the emergency brake wheel by the emergency brake arm and move downward to the Crane Rail surface and produce friction force with Crane Rail and make the vehicle emergency brake.
For vehicle of the present invention is the embodiment of cable car, can carry out the following extraneous power supply design that connects:
Comprise magnetic force self-priming radio relay communication formula conducting system, described system comprises the electric installation that some intervals are provided with and is located at the conducting rod or the bus of vehicle roof, vehicle ' or when resting on the road, the conducting rod at its top or bus are with the electric installation contact and form circuit and be connected;
Described electric installation comprises support post, hold-down arm and conductive roller, and support post is installed in the next door of road, and hold-down arm is connected with support post, and conductive roller is connected with hold-down arm by articulating device;
Described conductive roller is connected with power supply by transmission pressure;
The conducting rod of described conductive roller and ground-surface distance and vehicle roof or the height of bus are suitable, and conductive roller forms circuit with described conducting rod or bus by magnetic attraction contact back and is connected.
Further: described articulating device comprises coil tension spring, and an end of coil tension spring is captiveed joint with hold-down arm, and the other end connects conductive roller, makes conductive roller freely hang on the hold-down arm and form by coil tension spring and flexibly connects.
The spirit according to the present invention provides a kind of light-duty vehicular traffic, comprising:
Compartment and ground-engaging element;
Described ground-engaging element is positioned at the compartment two bottom sides, supports and conveying carriage;
Below, described compartment is provided with the driving passage that vehicle travels that is used for of fore-and-aft direction below the compartment;
Described compartment is a sectional construction, comprises each assembled unit that can be combined as complete headstock or complete vehicle body, passes through bindiny mechanism's captive joint between each described assembled unit.
Described compartment can be any type of car body, and the vehicle that can walk below the vehicle of the present invention can be the car of various standards, and as the roadlice of standard, cross-country car, motor bike, bicycle etc. all are fine.
Described compartment is a sectional construction, can be various forms, includes but not limited to following two kinds:
1) described compartment comprises at least one headstock and at least one vehicle body, described vehicle body comprises vehicle body left side and the vehicle body right-hand part that can merge into complete vehicle body, described headstock comprises headstock left side and the headstock right-hand part that can merge into complete headstock, described vehicle body left side, vehicle body right-hand part, headstock left side and headstock right-hand part are described assembled units, and support and connection are all being arranged between ground-engaging element and the vehicle body, between ground-engaging element and headstock; Or
2) described compartment comprises at least one headstock and at least one vehicle body, described vehicle body comprise can before and after merge at least two sections car bodies of complete vehicle body, described headstock comprise can before and after merge at least two paragraph header bodies of complete headstock, a described car body and a body are described assembled units, and support and connection are all being arranged between ground-engaging element and the vehicle body, between ground-engaging element and headstock.
Assembled unit of the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned form, so long as can combine, and volume size is enough little, with the existing transport trolley of conveniently packing into, can.
The gangway that is open to traffic also can be designed in the ground-engaging element zone of described compartment two bottom sides, and the convenient vehicle that travels below the compartment comes out from side, also makes things convenient for the vehicle of compartment outer side edges to enter from side.
Consult Fig. 1 to Fig. 6, the light-duty vehicular traffic of the present invention can be that railway traffic separate assembling clings to soon, and it comprises two headstocks and need be installed on two body portions between the headstock.
Described two vehicle head structures are identical, its include headstock left side A7, headstock right-hand part A1, with the cooresponding headstock of headstock left side A7 bottom shape size left side base plate A71, with headstock right-hand part A1 bottom shape size cooresponding headstock right-hand part base plate A11 and a plurality of headstock ground-engaging element A5 that is used to drive the headstock walking.Described headstock left side base plate A71 belongs to the above-mentioned floor that is connected with headstock right-hand part base plate A11.
This headstock left side A7 and headstock right-hand part A1 symmetrical configuration, can mate and be combined into a complete headstock envelope, accordingly, headstock left side base plate A71 and headstock right-hand part base plate A11 are connected to become complete headstock base plate are installed in headstock envelope bottom, headstock ground-engaging element A5 is installed under this headstock base plate, can finishes the installation of whole headstock.
Described vehicle body comprises a plurality of vehicle bodies left side A8 and reaches and the cooresponding a plurality of second sidecar body base plate A31 of these a plurality of vehicle body right-hand part A3 bottom shape sizes, a plurality of body contact A4 of mechanism and a plurality of vehicle body ground-engaging element A9 that is used to drive the vehicle body walking with the cooresponding a plurality of first sidecar body base plate A81 of this a plurality of vehicle bodies left side A8 bottom shape size, a plurality of vehicle body right-hand part A3.The described first sidecar body base plate A81 belongs to the above-mentioned floor that is connected with the second sidecar body base plate A31.
Headstock ground-engaging element A5 and vehicle body ground-engaging element A9 belong to above-mentioned ground-engaging element.
Vehicle body left side A8 and vehicle body right-hand part A3 symmetrical configuration, a plurality of vehicle bodies left side A8 can be combined into the complete vehicle body of multistage with a plurality of vehicle body right-hand part A3 couplings, be connected to a complete vehicle body envelope through a plurality of body contact A4 of mechanism, these a plurality of first sidecar body base plate A81 and a plurality of second sidecar body base plate A31 coupling is connected to complete body bottom panel is installed on vehicle body envelope bottom, vehicle body ground-engaging element A9 is installed under this body bottom panel, can finishes the installation of whole vehicle body.
Also be connected between headstock and the vehicle body by the A4 of body contact mechanism.
In the transportation,, behind the arrival destination, each detail assembly is combined into a complete railway traffic clings to soon each the parts packing transportation of above-mentioned split design-calculated.
For realizing better effect and more function, the present invention can add overhead expanded letter electric car and apparatus for getting on/down thereof and fast escaping device technology on the basis of above-mentioned light-duty vehicular traffic capable of being combined.
The purpose of present embodiment provides a kind of employing driven by power, chassis is enough high and enough wide, stock car can pass through below vehicle body, and railway carriage is provided with a plurality of emergency exits, and the passenger can enter overhead expanded letter electric car and apparatus for getting on/down and fast escaping device in the vehicle body by built on stilts overline bridge from the vehicle body top.
The purpose of present embodiment is achieved by the following technical solution:
Overhead expanded letter electric car and apparatus for getting on/down and fast escaping device, vehicle comprises vehicle body, wheel, power system, control loop and brake system, vehicle body comprises railway carriage and chassis, railway carriage is located on the chassis, the both sides of below, chassis are provided with a plurality of wheels, wheel is by support and body contact, described chassis and ground-surface distance are greater than the height of stock car, distance between vehicle body two side stands or the wheel makes stock car to pass through under chassis greater than the width of stock car;
The top of described vehicle body is provided with the gangway of passenger getting on/off, and the gangway is provided with ladder with being connected between the floor, and the gangway is provided with cover plate;
The apparatus for getting on/down of described vehicle comprises the overhead overline bridge that is erected at the travel top, the height at this overline bridge ground-surface height of distance and vehicle body top is suitable, overline bridge is provided with and the suitable import and export in gangway, vehicle body top, the overline bridge two ends are provided with and ground bonded assembly ladder or escalator, make that the passenger can be by overhead overline bridge from vehicle body top discrepancy railway carriage.
As the preferred technical solution of the present invention, the side of described railway carriage is provided with a plurality of car doors, and the cover plate of gangway, vehicle body top comprises tumbeler switch formula cover plate and horizontal movable type cover plate;
The apparatus for getting on/down of described vehicle also comprises the platform that is located at vehicle ' road both sides, and the height of the height on platform plane and described car door bottom surface is suitable;
Perhaps, the height at the height on described platform plane and described vehicle body top is suitable;
The platform plane is connected with ground by ladder or escalator.
As the preferred technical solution of the present invention, the both sides of described railway carriage are made of side panel, be provided with a plurality of portable plates in the side panel of railway carriage one or both sides, be made as flexible connection between portable plate and the vehicle body, thus make portable plate relatively vehicle body open and constitute quick emergency exits.
As the preferred technical solution of the present invention, the lower end of described portable plate is by hinge and body contact, be made as the flexible connection that to push open or to dismantle in the car between its upper end and the vehicle body, portable plate and vehicle body are provided with the oblique rope rope between the upper end, make portable plate open after ground formation inclined-plane relatively;
Perhaps; The both sides of described portable plate are provided with telescopic supporting rod, and portable plate is opened back support rod and stretched out and support ground, thereby make the relative ground of portable plate form the inclined-plane.
As the preferred technical solution of the present invention, be provided with many grab rails with the corresponding position of portable plate on the inboard of described portable plate and the railway carriage.
As the preferred technical solution of the present invention, described vehicle body comprises a plurality of interconnective railway carriages, connects by articulating device between the adjacent railway carriage;
Be respectively equipped with independently power system and control loop in the railway carriage of described vehicle body rear and front end.
As the preferred technical solution of the present invention, described power system comprises motor and power supply;
Described power supply comprises external source, storage battery or ultracapacitor; The vehicle body outside is provided with power interface or charging inlet.
As the preferred technical solution of the present invention, be provided with a/c system in the described railway carriage, the vehicle body outside is provided with cold air or heating installation input interface.
As the preferred technical solution of the present invention, be respectively equipped with radar detection apparatus below the front of described vehicle body, back and the chassis;
Vehicle body is provided with combined aural and visual alarm or telltale, and the front of vehicle body, back or side are provided with LCD display or light-emitting diode display.
As the preferred technical solution of the present invention, described overhead overline bridge or platform are provided with solar energy photovoltaic panel and electric power system and charging unit;
Also be provided with cold air or heating installation input media on described overhead overline bridge or the platform.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: the present invention sets up passenger inlet at the vehicle body top, the overline bridge platform is set above road, not only can make things convenient for passenger getting on/off, and has increased the passage that the pedestrian is crossed road.
Vehicle body side is provided with a plurality of emergency exits, when the emergency state occurring, the passenger does not need to smash glass for vehicle window, cross vehicle window, can easily skid off the compartment along portable plate, a large amount of passengers can escape rapidly at short notice, grab rail helps avoid passenger's mutual extrusion or tramples, and makes things convenient for handicapped passengers such as old man, children, pregnant woman to leave railway carriage especially, has further improved the safety of vehicle.
The overhead expanded letter electric car of the present invention passenger capacity is big, 2 to 3 roadlices that can walk abreast under the vehicle body, and less to the ground communications influence, the transportation volume and the roadlice that have increased road can be independent of each other same travels down, harmonious operation; Compare subway, investment of the present invention and operation cost are all very low, compare other road surface public transport means, low noise of the present invention, non-exhaust emission; Tall and big vehicle body is good advertising carrier, makes things convenient for the passenger to appreciate scene on the way, and himself also constitutes townscape; The present invention can also effectively reduce traffic accident, guarantee passenger safety.
The present invention is that economical and practical, the practicable public transport of modern city is selected the hard case that can effectively improve present urban road traffic congestion.
Extremely shown in Figure 16 as Fig. 7, overhead expanded letter electric car and apparatus for getting on/down and fast escaping device, vehicle comprises automobile body B 1, wheel B4, power system, control loop and brake system, automobile body B 1 comprises railway carriage B11 and chassis, railway carriage B11 is located on the chassis, the both sides of below, chassis are provided with a plurality of wheel B4, wheel B4 is connected with automobile body B 1 by support B12, described chassis and ground-surface distance are greater than the height of stock car, distance between 1 liang of side stand B12 of automobile body B or the wheel B4 makes stock car to pass through under chassis greater than the width of stock car; The top of described automobile body B 1 is provided with the gangway B13 of passenger getting on/off, is provided with ladder between this gangway B13 and the railway carriage B11 floor, and gangway B13 is provided with cover plate B131.The apparatus for getting on/down of described vehicle comprises the overhead overline bridge B2 that is erected at the travel top, the height at this overline bridge B2 ground-surface height of distance and automobile body B 1 top is suitable, overline bridge B2 is provided with the suitable import and export B21 with automobile body B 1 top gangway B13, overline bridge B2 two ends are provided with and ground bonded assembly ladder or escalator B3, make that the passenger can be by overhead overline bridge B2 from automobile body B 1 top gangway B13 discrepancy railway carriage B11.
In the present embodiment, the side of described railway carriage B11 is provided with a plurality of car doors, and the cover plate B131 of automobile body B 1 top gangway B13 can be tumbeler switch formula cover plate or horizontal movable type cover plate.The apparatus for getting on/down of described vehicle also comprises the platform that is located at vehicle ' road both sides, and the height of the height on platform plane and described car door bottom surface is suitable, and the passenger can enter in the railway carriage B11 by the car door of roadside platform from automobile body B 1 side.As another kind of embodiment, the height at the height on described platform plane and automobile body B 1 top is suitable, and the platform plane is connected with ground by ladder or escalator, makes that the passenger also can be by the roadside platform from automobile body B 1 top gangway B13 turnover railway carriage B11.
Shown in Figure 13,14,15 and 16, the both sides of railway carriage B11 of the present invention are made of side panel, be provided with a plurality of portable plate B14 in the side panel of railway carriage B11 one side, be made as flexible connection between portable plate B14 and the automobile body B 1, thus make portable plate B14 relatively vehicle body open and constitute quick emergency exits.The lower end of described portable plate B14 is connected with automobile body B 1 by hinge, is made as the flexible connection that can push open or dismantle in the car between its upper end and the automobile body B 1, is provided with oblique rope rope B15 between portable plate B14 and automobile body B 1 upper end, as shown in figure 14.When the emergency state occurring, can open portable plate B14 immediately, portable plate B14 opens the back and forms the inclined-plane in ground relatively, and the passenger can slide from bevelled portable plate B14, thereby speeds away the railway carriage escape.As another kind of embodiment, as shown in figure 15, the both sides of described portable plate B14 are provided with telescopic supporting rod B16, and portable plate B14 opens back support rod B16 and stretches out and support ground, thereby make the relative ground of portable plate B14 form the inclined-plane.
The inboard of the described portable plate B14 of present embodiment is provided with many grab rail B17, railway carriage B11 and the corresponding position of portable plate B14, and promptly emergency exits also are provided with many grab rail B17, and grab rail B17 helps avoid passenger's mutual extrusion or trample when escaping.Height between the lower frame of emergency exits and the railway carriage B11 floor can be provided with enough lowly, thereby makes things convenient for handicapped passengers such as old man, children, pregnant woman to leave railway carriage, further improves the safety of vehicle.
The described vehicle body of present embodiment comprises a plurality of interconnective railway carriage B11, connects by articulating device between the adjacent railway carriage B11, can in time carry additionally or shirks railway carriage B11 according to the situation of passenger capacity, to improve conveying efficiency, to save operating cost.Be respectively equipped with independently power system and control loop in the railway carriage of vehicle body rear and front end, hinder for some reason when occurring casting anchor, can enable reserve power system and control loop immediately, thereby improve the reliability of vehicle at vehicle.
Described power system comprises motor and power supply, and power supply comprises external source, storage battery or ultracapacitor, and the vehicle body outside is provided with power interface or charging inlet.Be provided with a/c system in the railway carriage B11, the vehicle body outside is provided with cold air or heating installation input interface.Be respectively equipped with solar energy photovoltaic panel and electric power system, charging unit and cold air or heating installation input media on the overhead overline bridge of described road top and the roadside platform, so that when vehicle stops on-board and off-board, in time give Vehicular charging, additional cold air or heating installation.
Be respectively equipped with radar detection apparatus below front, back and the chassis of the described automobile body B 1 of present embodiment, automobile body B 1 is provided with combined aural and visual alarm or telltale, and the front of automobile body B 1, back or side are provided with LCD display or light-emitting diode display.In road the place ahead or rear view of vehicle and Overheight Vehicles, obstacle appear, the roadlice that perhaps travels below chassis is too when the elevated car, annunciator can send sound and light alarm signal or voice suggestion immediately, and LCD display or light-emitting diode display can be used to show traffic information or playing advertisements etc.; The end face of railway carriage B11 can be made as transparent panel or translucent sheet, to reduce the sense of depression in the compartment, makes the overhead expanded letter electric car of the present invention have more safety, practicality and traveling comfort.
For realizing better effect and more function, the present invention can add railway vehicular traffic guidance system technology on the basis of above-mentioned light-duty vehicular traffic capable of being combined.
At present, along with the sharp increase of urban population quantity, the city traffic system becomes increasingly complex, the railway traffic for example tramway train as a kind of tradition, efficient, safe mode of transportation a lot of cities in the world all in widespread use.Vehicle ' unavoidably can run into bend, and turn inside diameter needs guidance system, and the guidance system of existing railway vehicle is a bogie truck, and bogie truck is installed on the car body bottom, and wheel is fixed on the bogie truck; Bogie truck is the energy rotating a kind of device of car body relatively, and it has carried the total weight of car body, guarantees that vehicle can waltz through bend; Bogie truck is that spring suspension, secondary spring suspension gear, draw bar etc. are formed by accessory device, framework.The shortcoming of bogie truck is: the cost height, necessary provisional destruction road surface during construction is changed inconvenient.
At the deficiency of above existing railway vehicular traffic guidance system, the purpose of present embodiment provides a kind of railway vehicle guidance system of later-model alternative existing bogie truck.
The purpose of present embodiment is achieved by the following technical solution: a kind of railway vehicular traffic guidance system, it steering hardware bonded assembly axis of guide, two that comprises an end and vehicle by wheel shaft bonded assembly track adjusting wheel, be arranged at the guiding groove on the road surface, the axis of guide, track adjusting wheel and wheel shaft all are positioned at the bottom of steering hardware; The other end of the axis of guide is connected with the middle part of wheel shaft; Guiding groove is embedded under the face of land, road surface, and it is provided with opening at place, the face of land, road surface, and the axis of guide stretches in the guiding groove by opening, and track adjusting wheel can be rotated in guiding groove.
As optimized technical scheme of the present invention, the width of described opening is slightly larger than the radial dimension of leading axle, for the leading axle activity.
As optimized technical scheme of the present invention, described track adjusting wheel is a cardan wheel.
As optimized technical scheme of the present invention, the diameter of described track adjusting wheel is much smaller than the diameter of wheel.
With respect to prior art, the invention provides a kind of guidance system of railway vehicular traffic, its alternative existing bogie truck, cost is low, and Assembly ﹠Disassembly is simple, and is practical.
As Figure 17 and shown in Figure 180, the steering hardware (not shown) bonded assembly axis of guide C120, two that the railway vehicular traffic guidance system of present embodiment comprises an end and vehicle by wheel shaft C150 bonded assembly track adjusting wheel C110, be arranged at the guiding groove C130 on the road surface, axis of guide C120, track adjusting wheel C110 and wheel shaft C150 all are positioned at the bottom of steering hardware; The other end of axis of guide C120 is connected with the middle part of wheel shaft C150, and track adjusting wheel C110 is a cardan wheel, and its diameter is much smaller than the diameter of railway commuter vehicle wheel C160; Guiding groove C130 is embedded under the face of land, road surface, it is provided with opening at place, the face of land, road surface, and axis of guide C120 stretches in the guiding groove C130 by opening, and track adjusting wheel C110 can rotate in guiding groove C130, the width of this opening is slightly larger than the radial dimension of leading axle C120, for leading axle C120 activity.
During vehicle ', track adjusting wheel C110 does passive rotation along the bearing of trend of guiding groove C130 in guiding groove C130, the steering hardware powered vehicle that drives vehicle with wheel shaft C150 bonded assembly axis of guide C120 is that the bearing of trend of guiding groove C130 travels with the direct of travel of track adjusting wheel C110, thereby is reached for the purpose of vehicle guidance.
For realizing better effect and more function, the present invention can add railway vehicular traffic emergency braking system technology on the basis of above-mentioned light-duty vehicular traffic capable of being combined.
At present, sharp increase along with urban population quantity, the city traffic system becomes increasingly complex, the railway traffic for example tramway train, light rail, subway etc. as quick, punctual, energy-conservation, safe mode of transportation a lot of cities in the world all in widespread use.The complexity of the increase of website, the raising of the speed of a motor vehicle, traffic is all had higher requirement to travelling of railway vehicular traffic, for example, in the time of very many, needs emergency brake with the reply emergency situations.Yet the common brake system that the emergency braking system of existing railway vehicular traffic all utilizes vehicle to carry realizes that emergency brake speed is low, braking distance is long, poor stability, the emergency brake effect is unreliable, and is easy to accelerate the rate of wear, the shortening vehicle life-span of vehicle.
At the deficiency of above existing railway vehicular traffic brake system, the purpose of present embodiment provides a kind of later-model railway vehicle emergency braking system that improves emergency brake efficient and safety.
The purpose of present embodiment is achieved by the following technical solution: a kind of railway vehicular traffic emergency braking system, it comprises emergency brake wheel, emergency brake arm, hydraulic efficiency pressure system and emergency brake control system, the wheel center of emergency brake wheel is provided with a wheel shaft, one end of emergency brake arm is connected to vehicle body by a rotating shaft, and the other end of emergency brake arm is connected with described wheel shaft; Hydraulic efficiency pressure system is the actuating unit of emergency braking system, and it comprises a hydraulic actuating cylinder and a Hydraulic Pump, and an end and the body contact of hydraulic actuating cylinder, the other end are connected between the point of connection of the mid point of emergency brake arm and emergency brake arm and wheel shaft by the hydraulic actuating cylinder axle; Emergency brake control system may command hydraulic pump drive hydraulic actuating cylinder moves downward, and then drives the emergency brake wheel by the emergency brake arm and move downward to the Crane Rail surface and produce friction force with Crane Rail and make the vehicle emergency brake.
As optimized technical scheme of the present invention, described emergency brake wheel, emergency brake arm and hydraulic efficiency pressure system all are arranged at body bottom.
As optimized technical scheme of the present invention, the wheel of described emergency brake wheel is the metal wheel that includes friction material.
As optimized technical scheme of the present invention, the wheel of described emergency brake wheel is replaceable.
As optimized technical scheme of the present invention, it is indoor that described emergency brake control system is arranged at vehicular drive.
As optimized technical scheme of the present invention, after the emergency brake success, emergency brake control system modulated pressure pump quits work, and the emergency brake arm drives the emergency brake wheel and automatically resets, and the emergency brake wheel breaks away from Crane Rail, is suspended at the bottom of the car.
With respect to prior art, railway vehicular traffic emergency braking system employing hydraulic pump drive hydraulic actuating cylinder drive emergency brake arm of the present invention moves downward and makes itself and track generation friction reach the car brakeing effect to pressing down on the emergency brake wheel, make vehicle brake apart from shortening, the safety performance of vehicle ' improves, and scheme is simple and easy to do, has stronger practicality.
As Figure 19 and shown in Figure 20, the present invention's railway vehicular traffic emergency braking system comprises emergency brake wheel D120, emergency brake arm D130, hydraulic efficiency pressure system and emergency brake control system.Emergency brake wheel D120, emergency brake arm D130, hydraulic efficiency pressure system all are arranged at body bottom, it is indoor that emergency brake control system is arranged at vehicular drive, is convenient to the vehicle driver and in case of emergency can directly starts this emergency brake control system and realize quick emergency brake.
The wheel center of emergency brake wheel D120 is provided with a wheel shaft D150, and the wheel of emergency brake wheel D120 is the metal wheel that includes friction material, has bigger friction coefficient between its wheel surface and the Crane Rail D110; The end of emergency brake arm D130 is connected to vehicle body by a rotating shaft D 140, and the other end of emergency brake arm D130 is connected to described wheel shaft D150, is connected thereby reach with emergency brake wheel D120; Hydraulic efficiency pressure system is the actuating unit of emergency braking system, it comprises a hydraulic actuating cylinder D160 and a Hydraulic Pump, an end and the body contact of hydraulic actuating cylinder D160, the other end are connected to emergency brake arm D130 by hydraulic actuating cylinder axle D170 mid point is connected between the end points of wheel shaft D150 with emergency brake arm D130; Emergency brake control system may command hydraulic work system or stop.
When normal vehicle operation, emergency brake arm D130 is parallel or nearly parallel to the car bottom surface, and emergency brake wheel D120 suspension is at the bottom of car, away from Crane Rail D110.
When vehicle chance emergency situation needs emergency brake, emergency brake control system modulated pressure pump drives hydraulic actuating cylinder D160 and moves downward, the end of hydraulic actuating cylinder D160 driving emergency brake arm D130 connection wheel shaft D150 serves as axially motion down with another end points of emergency brake arm D130 and body contact, driving emergency brake wheel D120 simultaneously moves downward until emergency brake wheel D120 and touches Crane Rail D110 and continue to move downward and then apply a pressure on Crane Rail D110, produce huge friction force between emergency brake wheel D120 and the Crane Rail D110, thereby make vehicle emergency brake successfully.After the emergency brake success, emergency brake control system modulated pressure pump quits work, and emergency brake arm D130 drives emergency brake wheel D120 and automatically resets, and emergency brake arm D130 is parallel or nearly parallel to the car bottom surface, emergency brake wheel D120 breaks away from Crane Rail D110, is suspended at the bottom of the car.
In the railway vehicular traffic emergency braking system of the present invention, described emergency brake wheel D120 is replaceable.
For realizing better effect and more function, the present invention can add magnetic force self-priming radio relay communication formula conducting system technology on the basis of above-mentioned light-duty vehicular traffic capable of being combined.
The purpose of present embodiment provides a kind of can or rest on the road in the vehicle ' process time, adopt the relay mode from the vehicle top to battery-driven car transmission of electricity or electrically-charged magnetic force self-priming radio relay communication formula conducting system.
The purpose of present embodiment is achieved by the following technical solution:
Magnetic force self-priming radio relay communication formula conducting system, described system comprises the electric installation that some intervals are provided with and is located at the conducting rod or the bus of vehicle roof, vehicle ' or when resting on the road, the conducting rod at its top or bus are with the electric installation contact and form circuit and be connected;
Described electric installation comprises support post, hold-down arm and conductive roller, and support post is installed in the next door of road, and hold-down arm is connected with support post, and conductive roller is connected with hold-down arm by articulating device;
Described conductive roller is connected with power supply by transmission pressure;
The conducting rod of described conductive roller and ground-surface distance and vehicle roof or the height of bus are suitable, and conductive roller forms circuit with described conducting rod or bus by magnetic attraction contact back and is connected.
As the preferred technical solution of the present invention, described articulating device comprises coil tension spring, one end of coil tension spring is captiveed joint with hold-down arm, and the other end connects conductive roller, makes conductive roller freely hang on the hold-down arm and form by coil tension spring and flexibly connects.
As the preferred technical solution of the present invention, also be provided with guide plate between described conductive roller and the articulating device, conductive roller is located at the end of guide plate and is connected with guide plate by turning cylinder.
As the preferred technical solution of the present invention, described guide plate is made as semicircular structure, and an end of semicircle guide plate is connected with hold-down arm by coil tension spring, and the other end is provided with conductive roller.
As the preferred technical solution of the present invention, described conductive roller or guide plate are provided with magnet; The excircle of conductive roller is provided with annular groove.
As the preferred technical solution of the present invention, described hold-down arm is provided with two cover conductive rollers, and two cover conductive rollers are spaced from each other and are connected with power circuit by transmission pressure.
As the preferred technical solution of the present invention, described support post is provided with solar panel.
As the preferred technical solution of the present invention, described support post is provided with the street lamp that is used for road illumination.
As the preferred technical solution of the present invention, described support post is provided with monitoring device.
As the preferred technical solution of the present invention, distance between the described support post is less than the length of described vehicle, make in the vehicle ' process, before the conductive roller of first support post and the conducting rod of vehicle roof or bus broke away from, the conductive roller of second support post had contacted and has formed circuit with the conducting rod of vehicle roof or bus and has been connected.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: with respect to prior art, the present invention adopts the relay mode to transmit electricity or charging to battery-driven car from the vehicle top, conductive roller utilizes guide plate, self-regulation coil tension spring and magnetic force to attract to be connected the conducting rod or the bus of vehicle roof automatically, guide plate and hold-down arm flexibly connect make its can up-and-down movement so that is connected mechanical collision and wearing and tearing when minimizing conducting rod or bus are connected with conductive roller.
The present invention utilizes the conducting rod of vehicle roof or bus to be connected with the electric installation contact formation circuit in the road sky as electric conductor, in the vehicle ' process, the conducting rod at its top or bus are connected with the transmission of electricity circuit and can not disconnect, and wide-body elevated car provides reliably continuously, stable power thereby can give.The present invention utilizes the lamp post of existing road to make carrier, have functions such as vehicle operating and security monitoring, road night light simultaneously concurrently, wide-body elevated car that is particularly suitable on trapped orbit, travelling or all kinds of electric car, battery-driven car, solved the problem that wide-body elevated car and all kinds of electric car electricity consumption or charging need be set up open-wire line in the air, also solved simultaneously the problem that trolley line is long, voltage loss big and influence urban look, and cost lower, be convenient to installation and maintenance.
Extremely shown in Figure 28 as Figure 21, magnetic force self-priming radio relay communication formula conducting system, comprise some conducting rod or buss that are disposed on the electric installation on road next door and are located at vehicle roof, vehicle ' or when resting on the road, the conducting rod at its top or bus can and form circuit with the electric installation contact and be connected, thereby to vehicle power supply or give the battery charge of vehicle, the wide-body elevated car that the present invention is specially adapted to travel on trapped orbit and vehicle body is long.
Electric installation of the present invention comprises support post E1, hold-down arm E7 and relay-type electric installation E2, and relay-type electric installation E2 comprises extension spring E21, guide plate E22 and conductive roller E23.Support post E1 is installed in the both sides of road, and hold-down arm E7 is connected with support post E1, and conductive roller E23 is connected with hold-down arm E7 with extension spring E21 by guide plate E22, and conductive roller E23 is connected with power supply by transmission pressure.The conducting rod E6 of conductive roller E23 and ground-surface distance and vehicle roof or the height of bus are suitable, and conductive roller E23 forms circuit with described conducting rod E6 or bus by magnetic attraction contact back and is connected.
In the present embodiment, described hold-down arm E7 is provided with two cover conductive roller E23, and two cover conductive roller E23 are spaced from each other and are connected with power circuit by transmission pressure.Described conductive roller E23 is located at the end of guide plate E22 and is connected with guide plate E22 by turning cylinder, guide plate E22 is made as semicircular structure, the end of coil tension spring E21 is captiveed joint with hold-down arm E7, the other end connects guide plate E22, makes conductive roller E23 freely hang on hold-down arm E7 and goes up and form flexible connection.
Described conductive roller E23 or guide plate E22 are provided with magnet, the excircle of conductive roller E23 is provided with annular groove, make when wide-body elevated car travels under described relay-type electric installation E2, conductive roller E23 can be attracted on the conducting rod E6 of vehicle roof automatically by magnetic force, and the annular groove of conductive roller E23 and conducting rod E6 are meshing with each other and can roll on conducting rod E6.The present invention is installed in the length of some support posts spacing each other of road both sides less than wide-body elevated car.After vehicle sets out, when the conductive roller on first support post E1 when the front end of vehicle is rolled to the rear end, conductive roller on second support post E1 is with the conducting rod contact of vehicle front and form circuit and is connected, thereby can provide continuously reliably to wide-body elevated car, stable power.The present invention is particularly suitable for for the electric car that adopts ultracapacitor as main closed-center system.
Also be provided with solar panel E4 on the described support post E1 of present embodiment, be used for the street lamp E5 and the monitoring device E3 of road illumination.Solar panel E4 can collect solar power by day and be system's electric energy supplement, and monitoring device E3 can take into account security monitoring in the supervisory system operation, thereby further strengthens practicality of the present invention, cuts operating costs, and improves the using value of system.
The various embodiments described above of the present invention can arbitrary combination.
The above only is embodiments of the invention; be not so limit claim of the present invention; every equivalent structure or equivalent flow process conversion that utilizes specification sheets of the present invention and accompanying drawing content to be done; or directly or indirectly be used in other relevant technical fields, all in like manner be included in the scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a light-duty vehicular traffic is characterized in that, comprising:
Compartment, connection floor and ground-engaging element;
Described connection floor is positioned at the bottom, compartment, and described ground-engaging element is positioned at and connects the floor bottoms both sides, supports and transportation connection floor and compartment;
The liftoff minimum constructive height in described connection floor is at least greater than the car overall height, spacing is at least greater than the car overall width between the ground-engaging element of described connection floor bottoms both sides, and connects the ground-engaging element of floor bottoms both sides and the enough cars of the spacing safety traffic betwixt between the described car side;
Described compartment comprises at least one headstock and at least one vehicle body, described vehicle body comprises vehicle body left side and the vehicle body right-hand part that can merge into complete vehicle body, described headstock comprises headstock left side and the headstock right-hand part that can merge into complete headstock, described connection floor is divided into polylith, respectively corresponding each vehicle body and headstock;
Between described headstock and the vehicle body, all connect between vehicle body and the vehicle body by bindiny mechanism.
2. light-duty vehicular traffic according to claim 1 is characterized in that:
Described headstock quantity is two, lay respectively at the vehicle body front and back end, described ground-engaging element comprises headstock ground-engaging element and vehicle body ground-engaging element, be located at the floor bottoms that is connected of the connection floor bottoms of corresponding headstock and corresponding vehicle body respectively, and support and connection are all being arranged between ground-engaging element and the vehicle body, between ground-engaging element and headstock, and each described connection floor comprises left side, floor and the right-hand part that can merge into complete connection floor.
3. light-duty vehicular traffic according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that:
The top of described vehicle body is provided with the gangway of passenger getting on/off, and the gangway is provided with ladder with being connected between the floor, and the gangway is provided with cover plate;
Comprise apparatus for getting on/down, described apparatus for getting on/down comprises the overhead overline bridge that is erected at the travel top, the height at this overline bridge ground-surface height of distance and vehicle body top is suitable, overline bridge is provided with and the suitable import and export in gangway, vehicle body top, the overline bridge two ends are provided with and ground bonded assembly ladder or escalator, make that the passenger can be by overhead overline bridge from vehicle body top discrepancy railway carriage.
4. light-duty vehicular traffic according to claim 3 is characterized in that:
The both sides of described railway carriage are made of side panel, are provided with a plurality of portable plates in the side panel of railway carriage one or both sides, are made as flexible connection between portable plate and the vehicle body, thus make portable plate relatively vehicle body open and constitute quick emergency exits.
5. light-duty vehicular traffic according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that:
The guidance system and the steering hardware that is positioned at headstock that comprise vehicle, described ground-engaging element comprises the track adjusting wheel that is positioned at the bottom, described guidance system comprise in the steering hardware bonded assembly axis of guide, ground-engaging element of an end and vehicle two by wheel shaft bonded assembly track adjusting wheel, be arranged at the guiding groove on the road surface, the axis of guide, track adjusting wheel and wheel shaft all are positioned at the bottom of steering hardware;
The other end of the axis of guide is connected with the middle part of wheel shaft; Guiding groove is embedded under the face of land, road surface, and it is provided with opening at place, the face of land, road surface, and the axis of guide stretches in the guiding groove by opening, and track adjusting wheel can be rotated in guiding groove.
6. light-duty vehicular traffic according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that:
Comprise emergency braking system, described emergency braking system comprises emergency brake wheel, emergency brake arm, hydraulic efficiency pressure system and emergency brake control system, the wheel center of emergency brake wheel is provided with a wheel shaft, one end of emergency brake arm is connected to vehicle body by a rotating shaft, and the other end of emergency brake arm is connected with described wheel shaft; Hydraulic efficiency pressure system is the actuating unit of emergency braking system, and it comprises a hydraulic actuating cylinder and a Hydraulic Pump, and an end and the body contact of hydraulic actuating cylinder, the other end are connected between the point of connection of the mid point of emergency brake arm and emergency brake arm and wheel shaft by the hydraulic actuating cylinder axle; Emergency brake control system may command hydraulic pump drive hydraulic actuating cylinder moves downward, and then drives the emergency brake wheel by the emergency brake arm and move downward to the Crane Rail surface and produce friction force with Crane Rail and make the vehicle emergency brake.
7. light-duty vehicular traffic according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that:
Comprise magnetic force self-priming radio relay communication formula conducting system, described system comprises the electric installation that some intervals are provided with and is located at the conducting rod or the bus of vehicle roof, vehicle ' or when resting on the road, the conducting rod at its top or bus are with the electric installation contact and form circuit and be connected;
Described electric installation comprises support post, hold-down arm and conductive roller, and support post is installed in the next door of road, and hold-down arm is connected with support post, and conductive roller is connected with hold-down arm by articulating device;
Described conductive roller is connected with power supply by transmission pressure;
The conducting rod of described conductive roller and ground-surface distance and vehicle roof or the height of bus are suitable, and conductive roller forms circuit with described conducting rod or bus by magnetic attraction contact back and is connected.
8. light-duty vehicular traffic according to claim 7 is characterized in that:
Described articulating device comprises coil tension spring, and an end of coil tension spring is captiveed joint with hold-down arm, and the other end connects conductive roller, makes conductive roller freely hang on the hold-down arm and form by coil tension spring and flexibly connects.
9. a light-duty vehicular traffic is characterized in that, comprising:
Compartment and ground-engaging element;
Described ground-engaging element is positioned at the compartment two bottom sides, supports and conveying carriage;
Below, described compartment is provided with the driving passage that vehicle travels that is used for of fore-and-aft direction below the compartment;
Described compartment is a sectional construction, comprises each assembled unit that can be combined as complete headstock or complete vehicle body, passes through bindiny mechanism's captive joint between each described assembled unit.
10. light-duty vehicular traffic according to claim 9 is characterized in that:
Described compartment comprises at least one headstock and at least one vehicle body, described vehicle body comprises vehicle body left side and the vehicle body right-hand part that can merge into complete vehicle body, described headstock comprises headstock left side and the headstock right-hand part that can merge into complete headstock, described vehicle body left side, vehicle body right-hand part, headstock left side and headstock right-hand part are described assembled units, and support and connection are all being arranged between ground-engaging element and the vehicle body, between ground-engaging element and headstock; Or
Described compartment comprises at least one headstock and at least one vehicle body, described vehicle body comprise can before and after merge at least two sections car bodies of complete vehicle body, described headstock comprise can before and after merge at least two paragraph header bodies of complete headstock, a described car body and a body are described assembled units, and support and connection are all being arranged between ground-engaging element and the vehicle body, between ground-engaging element and headstock.
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CN106143511A (en) * 2015-05-15 2016-11-23 赵跃 Contactlessly powered track elevated bus and operation method
CN105429576A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-03-23 施国庆 Photovoltaic system rack
CN105429583A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-03-23 施国庆 Photovoltaic system rack
CN105577096A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-05-11 施国庆 Photovoltaic system platform
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CN107792100A (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-03-13 朱幕松 Electrical supply rail elevated wide electric vehicle
CN107792100B (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-12-21 朱幕松 Electrical supply rail elevated wide electric vehicle
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