CN108545357A - The harmless environmental protection retracting device of rubbish - Google Patents

The harmless environmental protection retracting device of rubbish Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108545357A
CN108545357A CN201810328564.6A CN201810328564A CN108545357A CN 108545357 A CN108545357 A CN 108545357A CN 201810328564 A CN201810328564 A CN 201810328564A CN 108545357 A CN108545357 A CN 108545357A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
rubbish
cover board
seal cover
support plate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201810328564.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蔡宜和
Original Assignee
蔡宜和
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 蔡宜和 filed Critical 蔡宜和
Priority to CN201810328564.6A priority Critical patent/CN108545357A/en
Publication of CN108545357A publication Critical patent/CN108545357A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F1/00Refuse receptacles; Accessories therefor
    • B65F1/10Refuse receptacles; Accessories therefor with refuse filling means, e.g. air-locks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F1/00Refuse receptacles; Accessories therefor
    • B65F1/14Other constructional features; Accessories
    • B65F1/141Supports, racks, stands, posts or the like for holding refuse receptacles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F1/00Refuse receptacles; Accessories therefor
    • B65F1/14Other constructional features; Accessories
    • B65F1/16Lids or covers

Abstract

The present invention provides the harmless environmental protection retracting devices of rubbish; it includes the supporting rack for being embedded in underground, the packaging system being rotatably dispose on supporting rack, the closing device for being set on packaging system and being flushed with ground and the refuse collector being installed in packaging system; closing device may be implemented in the switching between open state and closed state, refuse collector for realizing for rubbish collection, topple over and seal up for safekeeping;The present invention is using the technical solution that accommodating cylinder is set to below ground, it is greatly reduced the occupancy to city space, the collection mode mutually switched using multigroup accommodating cylinder simultaneously, increase the efficiency of garbage reclamation, the labor intensity of cleanup crew is also mitigated simultaneously, and after rubbish fills with, cleanup crew can obtain information at the first time, and in time to accommodating cylinder cleaning, so as to avoid the spilling and the rotten unpleasant phenomenon of stacking for a long time of rubbish.

Description

The harmless environmental protection retracting device of rubbish
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of garbage recovery devices, and in particular to the harmless environmental protection retracting device of rubbish.
Background technology
In response to national green, environmental protection, sustainable strategy for urban development, each city has put into largely city appearance Manpower and materials, the recycling of wherein rubbish wherein plays important role again, and the accommodating cylinder that the prior art provides is arranged more It more than ground, not only occupies the originally crowded space in city but also is also easy to be collided and topples over damage etc., except this it Outside, the accommodating cylinder capacity that the prior art provides is smaller and when accommodating cylinder fills with, and cleanup crew can not be known in time, in turn Also the cleaning to housing cylinder can not be just completed at the first time, caused a large amount of rubbish to overflow, influenced entire The Surroundings in Cities.
Invention content
To solve the deficiencies in the prior art, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of flush types simple in structure, reliable operation Multigroup changeable garbage collection system.
To realize the above-mentioned technical purpose, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is as follows.
The harmless environmental protection retracting device of rubbish comprising be embedded in the supporting rack of underground, be rotatably dispose on supporting rack Packaging system, the closing device for being set on packaging system and being flushed with ground and the rubbish being installed in packaging system receives Acquisition means, closing device may be implemented in the switching between open state and closed state, refuse collector for realizing for The collection of rubbish is toppled over and is sealed up for safekeeping;
The packaging system includes the encapsulation that the support plate being rotatably dispose on supporting rack and support plate are coaxially and vertically arranged Cylinder, the encapsulation cylinder are circular cylinder body of the both ends with opening, wherein an open end of encapsulation cylinder and support plate are solid Fixed connection, above-mentioned closing device are set to another open end of encapsulation cylinder, and the refuse collector is installed on support In the accommodating cavity formed between disk, encapsulation cylinder, closing device;
The refuse collector includes that multigroup arranged along support plate circumference array houses cylinder, and the accommodating cylinder is one The circular cylinder body that end opening, the other end seal, wherein the centerline axis parallel of the central axis and support plate of accommodating cylinder, described Accommodating cylinder in dustbin for containing rubbish is removably installed;
The packaging system further includes for realizing the accommodating cylinder switching mechanism mutually switched between different accommodating cylinders, institute The accommodating cylinder switching mechanism stated includes the first power supply device being set on supporting rack, the driving being set in support plate Part and the power output part being installed on the first power supply device, first power supply device are stepper motor One, the power output part is the gear one for being sheathed on one output shaft end of stepper motor, and the actuator is coaxial sleeve Outside support plate and in the gear ring of the matching engagement of gear one;
It matches and is provided with for weighing accommodating cylinder weight and can be to stepper motor between the support plate and accommodating cylinder One sends the weighing sensor of control signal, and when the weight that weighing sensor measures accommodating cylinder reaches calibration value, claims It retransmits sensor and sends control signal to stepper motor one, stepper motor one receives the control signal and support plate rotation is driven to realize Mutual switching between accommodating cylinder;
The refuse collector further includes the elevating mechanism being set between support plate and accommodating cylinder, and elevating mechanism can be real Now house movement of the cylinder along center axis in the vertical direction;
The closing device include the upper layer sealing plate flushed with ground, lower layer's sealing plate below the sealing plate of upper layer with And be set to the sealing mechanism between upper layer sealing plate and lower layer's sealing plate, wherein offered on lower layer's sealing plate with it is upper The circular open that encapsulation cylinder opening end matches is stated, is provided with corresponding with circular open on the upper layer sealing plate and waits Size/isodiametric pouring opening, the sealing mechanism can realize sealing/unlatching to pouring opening;
The sealing mechanism includes the primary seal component that can be achieved to switch pouring opening in sealing state/open state, The primary seal component includes the primary seal cover board to match with pouring opening, for driving the realization pair of primary seal cover board The second power supply device that the dislocation opening of pouring opening/coincidence blocks, the sealing mechanism further includes being opened in level-one Mouth is abandoned on seal cover board and with the matched rubbish in accommodating cartridge openings end, rubbish discarding mouth Matching installation has and it The secondary seal component of Open-close sealing cooperation is constituted, secondary seal component can be realized under the driving of external force abandons mouth to rubbish Closure/opening.
As being further improved for the technical program.
The support plate includes circular disk body, and the end face that disk body coordinates with accommodating cylinder offers depth direction and is parallel to The installation circular groove of support plate central axis, the accommodating cylinder are set as five, and the accommodating cylinder includes justifying with installation The coaxially arranged accommodating cylinder ontology of slot, the drive block for being set to accommodating cylinder body exterior, the elevating mechanism can be with drive Motion block cooperation driving houses cylinder movement, and the elevating mechanism includes the lead screw being arranged between support plate and drive block, The central axis of middle lead screw and the centerline axis parallel and lead screw of accommodating cylinder ontology can be rotated around center axis, described Drive block on be equipped with and can push drive block while rotating around own axes with the matched screw of lead screw, lead screw It moves in the vertical direction;
Described lead screw one end, which is stretched by the avoid holes being opened on disk body in support plate and in the end set, driving The driving mechanism that lead screw is rotated around center axis, the driving mechanism include being respectively arranged on lead screw and positioned at support The synchronous pulley of disk inner end is set to the synchronous belt between each synchronous pulley and being used to that each synchronous pulley to be driven to rotate synchronously Two, the intermediate transmission mechanism for being set to the decelerating motor of support pan bottom and being set between decelerating motor and synchronous belt two.
As being further improved for the technical program.
The intermediate transmission mechanism includes the gear two for being installed on reducing motor output shaft end, is rotatably dispose in support plate The mediation member of interior and receivable decelerating motor driving force, the output shaft axis and mediation member of the decelerating motor Centerline axis parallel of the rotation axis with above-mentioned lead screw, the mediation member includes being engaged with the matching of gear two Gear three, the belt pulley being fixedly and coaxially connected with gear three;
The intermediate transmission mechanism further includes being set on synchronous belt two and tensioning between adjacent two synchronous pulley is same Step belt wheel is set to belt pulley and is tensioned the synchronous belt one between synchronous pulley and for driving tensioning synchronous pulley rotation, subtracts Speed motor drives gear three to rotate, and belt pulley rotates synchronously, and belt pulley, which drives to be tensioned synchronous pulley and synchronize by synchronous belt one, to be turned Dynamic, the tensioning synchronous pulley driving synchronous belt two of rotation rotates, to drive each synchronous pulley to rotate synchronously.
As being further improved for the technical program.
Above-mentioned secondary seal component can be completed by the form of reception pedestrian foot trigger force by abandoning mouth to rubbish Sealed condition is overlapped to the switching between dislocation opening state, the secondary seal component includes matched with rubbish discarding mouth Being hinged between secondary seal cover board, the drive rod being articulated on primary seal cover board, wherein drive rod and primary seal cover board The centerline axis parallel of shaft core line and above-mentioned lead screw, drive rod one end is fixedly connected with the center of secondary seal cover board, the other end The pedal driven for pedestrian is installed, offers driving circular groove in the primary seal cover board, the driving circular groove with Around it, the articulated shaft between primary seal cover board rotates to form track and match drive rod, is also opened in the primary seal cover board Equipped with the switching circular groove required to rubbish discarding mouth dislocation opening is completed for secondary seal cover board, the pedal is by opening up Primary seal cover board upper surface is stretched out in the arc chute on primary seal cover board;
The secondary seal component further includes the resetting spring being set between drive rod and primary seal cover board, and described answers Position spring, which closes on, is equipped with pedal arrangement;
The secondary seal cover board is additionally provided with range sensor towards the end face for housing cylinder, and the range sensor is used In the distance between the real-time open end for measuring accommodating cylinder and rubbish and signal is sent to stepper motor one in real time;
The lug for being raised in primary seal cover board periphery, the second above-mentioned power are also equipped on the primary seal cover board Feeding mechanism is installed on lug, and second power supply device is stepper motor two, the output of the stepper motor two The centerline axis parallel of axis axis and above-mentioned lead screw, stepper motor two can drive sealing mechanism to rotate and realize sealing mechanism With pouring opening in the switching for overlapping sealed condition between the opening state that misplaces, the upper layer sealing plate is matched with sealing mechanism The evacuation circular groove deflected for sealing mechanism is further opened on the end face of conjunction, wherein the slot bottom of evacuation circular groove is additionally provided with for stepping on Plate by evacuation arc groove.
The advantageous effect of the present invention compared with prior art is that the present invention is set to below ground using by accommodating cylinder Technical solution, the collection mould for being greatly reduced the occupancy to city space, while mutually being switched using multigroup accommodating cylinder Formula, increases the efficiency of garbage reclamation, while also mitigating the labor intensity of cleanup crew, and after rubbish fills with, clearly Clean personnel can obtain information at the first time, and in time to accommodating cylinder cleaning, so as to avoid the spilling and long-time of rubbish Stack unpleasant phenomenon of rotting.
Description of the drawings
In order to illustrate the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, attached drawing needed in the embodiment will be done simply below It introduces, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the invention, for ordinary skill people For member, without creative efforts, other drawings may also be obtained based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram that the refuse collector of the present invention is closed.
Fig. 2 is the refuse collector of present invention overall structure diagram in the open state.
Fig. 3 is that the refuse collector of the present invention is in the structural schematic diagram of state to be poured.
Fig. 4 is the closing device structural schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the upper layer sealing plate structure schematic diagram of closing device.
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of the primary seal cover board and the cooperation of secondary seal cover board of closing device.
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram that the secondary seal cover board of closing device is closed.
Fig. 8 is the secondary seal cover board of closing device structural schematic diagram in the open state.
Cooperation schematic diagrams of the Fig. 9 between primary seal cover board and upper layer sealing plate.
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram that primary seal cover board is closed.
Figure 11 is the overall structure diagram of the refuse collector of the present invention.
Figure 12 is the structural schematic diagram of the refuse collector of the present invention.
Figure 13 is the cooperation schematic diagram of the accommodating cylinder and elevating mechanism of the present invention.
Figure 14 is the cooperation schematic diagram of the pressure control mechanism and support plate of the present invention.
Figure 15 is the overall structure diagram of actuating unit.
It is denoted as in figure:
100, supporting rack;
200, packaging system;210, support plate;211, disk body;211a, avoid holes;212, circular groove is installed;213, Buffer Unit; 213a, elastic component;213a1, spring one;213a2, spring two;213a3, spring three;213b, weighing sensor;220, encapsulation circle Cylinder;230, cylinder switching mechanism is housed;231, stepper motor one;231a, gear one;232, gear ring;
300, closing device;310, upper layer sealing plate;311, circular groove is avoided;312, pouring opening;313, arc groove is avoided;320、 Sealing mechanism;321, primary seal component;321a, lug;322, arc chute;323, rubbish abandons mouth;324, secondary seal Component;324a, secondary seal cover board;324aa, range sensor;324b, drive rod;324c, resetting spring;324d, pedal; 325, stepper motor two;326, circular groove is driven;327, switch circular groove;330, lower layer support plate;
400, refuse collector;410, cylinder is housed;411, cylinder ontology is housed;412, drive block;420, elevating mechanism; 421, lead screw;422, guide rod;423, synchronous pulley;424, decelerating motor;424a, gear two;425, mediation member; 425a, gear three;425b, belt pulley;426, synchronous belt one;427, it is tensioned synchronous pulley;428, synchronous belt two.
Specific implementation mode
With reference to the attached drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Ground describes, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on this hair Embodiment in bright, those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative work, the every other reality obtained Example is applied, the scope of the present invention is belonged to.
As shown in figures 1-15, the harmless environmental protection retracting device of rubbish comprising be embedded in the supporting rack 100 of underground, turn The dynamic packaging system 200 being set on supporting rack 100, the closing device 300 for being set on packaging system 200 and being flushed with ground And it is installed on the refuse collector 400 in packaging system 200, closing device 300 may be implemented in open state and closed form Switching between state, refuse collector 400 for realizing for rubbish collection, topple over and seal up for safekeeping.
The packaging system 200 includes being rotatably dispose in support plate 210 on supporting rack 100, coaxial with support plate 210 And the encapsulation cylinder 220 arranged vertically, the encapsulation cylinder 220 is circular cylinder body of the both ends with opening, wherein encapsulation circle One open end of cylinder 220 is fixedly connected with support plate 210, and above-mentioned closing device is set to another opening of encapsulation cylinder 220 End, the refuse collector 400 be installed on support plate 210, encapsulation cylinder 220, formed between closing device 300 it is accommodating In cavity.
The refuse collector 400 includes that multigroup arranged along 210 circumference array of support plate houses cylinder 410, described Accommodating cylinder 410 be circular cylinder body that one end open, the other end seal, wherein the central axis of accommodating cylinder 410 and support The centerline axis parallel of disk 210 is removably equipped with the dustbin for containing rubbish in the accommodating cylinder 410.
The packaging system 200 further includes for realizing the accommodating cylinder mutually switched between different accommodating cylinders 410 Switching mechanism 230, its significance lies in that, when the dustbin in wherein one accommodating cylinder 410 is filled, by housing cylinder switching machine The accommodating cylinder 410 that structure can fill with this exchanges position with vacant accommodating cylinder 410, continues to provide garbage collecting function, waits for institute When having vacant accommodating cylinder 410 to fill with, the dustbin in all accommodating cylinders 410 is carried out unification to cleanup crew by property again Recycling is toppled over, to alleviate the amount of labour of cleanup crew while greatly enhancing garbage collection ability.
Specifically, the accommodating cylinder switching mechanism 230 includes the first power supply dress being set on supporting rack 100 The actuator set, being set in support plate 210 and the power output part being installed on the first power supply device, it is contemplated that The integrally-built compactedness of the present apparatus, the present embodiment is driving support plate 210 in such a way that center axis rotates Realize the mutual switching housed between cylinder 410, it is preferred that first power supply device is stepper motor 1, institute The power output part stated is one 231a of gear for being sheathed on one 231 output shaft end of stepper motor, and the actuator is coaxial It is sheathed on 210 outside of support plate and in the gear ring 232 of gear one 231a matching engagements.
As shown in figure 14, more specifically, it matches to be provided between the support plate 210 and accommodating cylinder 410 and be used for Slow down the Buffer Unit 213 collided between accommodating cylinder 410 and support plate 210, for weighing 410 weight of accommodating cylinder and can The weighing sensor 213b that control signal is sent to stepper motor 1, when weighing sensor 213b measures accommodating cylinder 410 Weight when reaching calibration value, weighing sensor 213b sends control signal to stepper motor 1, and stepper motor 1 connects It receives the control signal and the rotation of support plate 210 is driven to realize the mutual switching housed between cylinder 410.
Specifically, the support plate 210 includes circular disk body 211, the end face that disk body 211 coordinates with accommodating cylinder 410 The installation circular groove 212 that depth direction is parallel to 210 central axis of support plate is offered, above-mentioned Buffer Unit 213 is preferably set The elastic component 213a being placed between the sealed end of accommodating cylinder 410 and installation 212 slot bottom of circular groove, in order to make accommodating cylinder 410 by Power is uniform, and elastic component 213a here is using three groups along the adjustable spring for installing the distribution of 212 circumference array of circular groove, respectively spring One 213a1, two 213a2 of spring, spring three 213a3, the weighing sensor 213b are set to the center of circle of bullet installation circular groove 212 Place, wherein the height of weighing sensor 213b is in the height under nature elongation state less than adjustable spring.
In view of housing the convenience of the ride comfort and installation that mutually switch between cylinder 410, the present embodiment houses Cylinder 410 is set as five.
In order to enter the labor intensity that a step mitigates cleanup crew, the refuse collector 400 further includes being set to Elevating mechanism 420 between support plate 210 and accommodating cylinder 410, elevating mechanism 420 can realize accommodating cylinder 410 along its center The movement of axis in the vertical direction, its significance lies in that, when all accommodating cylinders 410 are filled, at this time if cleanup crew In such a way that the accommodating cylinder 410 for filling with rubbish is carried and to drag and topple over by artificial lifting outward, then need to expend a large amount of manpower, and In view of the average age of cleanup crew is generally bigger than normal, this is undoubtedly the huge test to cleanup crew, and the present embodiment is using liter The accommodating cylinder 410 filled with is moved to earth's surface or more by descending mechanism 420, and cleanup crew can manipulate garbage truck and pass through machinery at this time The mode of arm crawl topples over the dustbin that rubbish is filled in accommodating cylinder 410 into garbage truck.
Specifically, the accommodating cylinder 410 include with the coaxially arranged accommodating cylinder ontology 411 of installation circular groove 212, set The drive block 412 being placed in outside accommodating cylinder ontology 411, the elevating mechanism 420 can coordinate driving accommodating with drive block 412 Cylinder 410 moves, and the elevating mechanism 420 includes the lead screw 421 being arranged between support plate 210 and drive block 412, The centerline axis parallel and lead screw 421 of the central axis of middle lead screw 421 and accommodating cylinder ontology 411 can be around center axis It rotates, is equipped on the drive block 412 and rotates around own axes with 421 matched screw of lead screw, lead screw 421 While drive block 412 can be pushed to move in the vertical direction, in order to avoid accommodating cylinder 410 tilts during the motion And the stuck phenomenon between lead screw 421 and screw is caused, the elevating mechanism 420 further includes being set to disk body 211 and driving Guidance set between block 412, the guidance set constitutes slide-and-guide cooperation in the vertical direction with drive block 412, excellent Choosing, the guidance set used here is is arranged in the guide rod 422 between disk body 211 and drive block 412, the guide rod The centerline axis parallel of 422 central axis and lead screw 421,422 one end of guide rod is fixedly connected with disk 211, the other end passes through The guiding slide opening being opened on drive block 412 upwardly extends, more preferably, in order to further increase the flat of the movement of accommodating cylinder 410 Weighing apparatus property and ride comfort, there are two the guide rod 422 settings, and 421 side of lead screw that is placed in.
Described 421 one end of lead screw stretched into support plate 210 by the avoid holes 211a being opened on disk body 211 and The end set has the driving mechanism that driving lead screw 421 is rotated around center axis, since the present embodiment is accommodating using five The arrangement of cylinder 410 not only needs multiple power sources, while also being difficult to control at this time according to the mode of conventional driving The synchronism between each power source is made, is unfavorable for the synchronous of accommodating cylinder 410 and stretches out, but also a large amount of resource can be wasted, from All be a great inconvenience from the point of view of in terms of the maintenance, repair in later stage, thus the present embodiment using by a power source simultaneously The technical solution for driving five lead screws 421 to rotate synchronously;Specifically, the driving mechanism includes being respectively arranged in lead screw 421 Synchronous pulley 423 that is upper and being located at 210 inner end of support plate is set between each synchronous pulley 423 and is used to drive each same The synchronous belt 2 428 of the step synchronous rotation of belt wheel 423 is set to the decelerating motor 424 of 210 bottom of support plate and is set to deceleration Intermediate transmission mechanism between motor 424 and synchronous belt 2 428, decelerating motor 424 drive synchronous belt by intermediate transmission mechanism 2 428 rotations, to realize the synchronous rotation of each synchronous pulley 423.
The intermediate transmission mechanism includes two 424a of gear for being installed on 424 output shaft end of decelerating motor, rotation setting In the mediation member 425 of 424 driving force of interior and receivable decelerating motor of support plate 210, the output of the decelerating motor 424 Centerline axis parallel of the rotation axis of axis axis and mediation member 425 with above-mentioned lead screw 421, the intermediate biography Moving part 425 includes the belt pulley for matching three 425a of meshed gears with two 424a of gear, being fixedly and coaxially connected with three 425a of gear 425b。
The intermediate transmission mechanism further include be set on synchronous belt 2 428 and positioned at adjacent two synchronous pulley 423 it Between tensioning synchronous pulley 427, be set to belt pulley 425b and tensioning synchronous pulley 427 between and for drive tensioning synchronous belt The synchronous belt 1 of 427 rotation of wheel, decelerating motor 424 drive gear three 425a rotations, belt pulley 425b to rotate synchronously, belt Take turns 452b drives tensioning synchronous pulley 427 to rotate synchronously by synchronous belt 1, and the tensioning synchronous pulley 427 of rotation drives together It walks band 2 428 to rotate, to drive each synchronous pulley 423 to rotate synchronously.
The closing device 300 includes the upper layer sealing plate 310 flushed with ground, is located at 310 lower section of upper layer sealing plate Lower layer's sealing plate 330 and the sealing mechanism 320 that is set between upper layer sealing plate 310 and lower layer's sealing plate 330, wherein institute The circular open to match with above-mentioned 220 open end of encapsulation cylinder is offered on the lower layer's sealing plate 330 stated, the upper layer is close Equidimension corresponding with circular open/isodiametric pouring opening 312 is provided on sealing plate 310, the sealing mechanism 320 can be real Now to sealing/unlatching of pouring opening 312.
The sealing mechanism 320 includes the level-one that can be achieved to switch pouring opening 312 in sealing state/open state Seal assembly 321, the primary seal component 321 include the primary seal cover board to match with pouring opening 312, for driving Primary seal cover board realizes the second power supply device that the dislocation opening to pouring opening 312/coincidence blocks, the sealing Mechanism 320 further includes being opened on primary seal cover board and abandoning mouth 323 with the matched rubbish in 410 open end of accommodating cylinder, Rubbish discarding 323 Matching installation of mouth has constitutes the secondary seal component 324 of Open-close sealing cooperation, secondary seal group with it Part 324 can realize closure/opening that mouth 323 is abandoned to rubbish under the driving of external force, can be with when pedestrian needs to abandon rubbish External force is applied to secondary seal component 324, shape is blocked by overlapping between secondary seal component 324 abandons mouth 323 with rubbish at this time To dislocation opening state switching, rubbish can be abandoned mouth 323 by rubbish and lost in accommodating cylinder state by pedestrian, after removing external force, Secondary seal component 324 can be self-healing to original state and abandon mouth 323 to rubbish and blocks.
Due to device be embedded in earth's surface hereinafter, for the ease of pedestrian use, the technical solution that the present embodiment uses for, on The secondary seal component 324 stated can complete the coincidence by abandoning mouth 323 to rubbish by the form of reception pedestrian foot trigger force Sealed condition is to the switching between dislocation opening state, and specifically, the secondary seal component 324 includes abandoning mouth with rubbish 323 matched secondary seal cover board 324a, the drive rod 324b, wherein drive rod 324b and one being articulated on primary seal cover board The centerline axis parallel of hinged shaft core line and above-mentioned guide rod 422 between grade seal cover board, the one end drive rod 324b and two level The center of seal cover board 324a is fixedly connected, the other end is equipped with the pedal 342d driven for pedestrian, the primary seal Driving circular groove 326 is offered in cover board, the driving circular groove 326 and drive rod 324b are cut with scissors around it between primary seal cover board Spindle, which rotates, to be formed track and matches, and is further opened in the primary seal cover board and is completed pair for secondary seal cover board 324a Rubbish abandons the dislocation of mouth 323 and opens required switching circular groove 327, and the pedal 324d is by being opened on primary seal cover board Arc chute 322 stretch out primary seal cover board upper surface.
The secondary seal component 324 further includes the reset bullet being set between drive rod 324b and primary seal cover board Spring 324c, specifically, the resetting spring 324c, which closes on, is equipped with pedal 324d arrangements.
When pedestrian need abandon rubbish when, can by foot driving pedal 324d arcuately sliding slot 322 extension track slide, Drive rod 324b overcomes the elastic force of resetting spring 324c driving circular groove 326 around its articulated shaft between primary seal cover board Interior rotation, drive rod 324b driving secondary seal cover board 324a realize secondary seal cover board 324a in switching 327 intrinsic deflection of circular groove From overlapping switching of the sealed condition to dislocation opening state between abandoning mouth 323 with rubbish, at this point, rubbish can be passed through rubbish by pedestrian Rubbish abandons mouth 323 and loses in accommodating cylinder 410, and after discarding, pedestrian can remove to pedal 324d driving forces, drive rod 324b Around the rotation in driving circular groove 326 of its articulated shaft between primary seal cover board, driving under the driving of resetting spring 324c Bar 324b driving secondary seal cover board 324a realize that secondary seal cover board 324a abandons mouth with rubbish in switching 327 intrinsic deflection of circular groove From dislocation opening state to the switching for overlapping sealed condition between 323, in the process, pedal 324d is in arc chute 322 Synchronous slide.
More perfectly, as shown in fig. 7, the secondary seal cover board 324a is also set towards the end face for housing cylinder 410 Range sensor 324aa, the range sensor 324aa are equipped with for measuring the open end and the rubbish that house cylinder 410 in real time The distance between rubbish and in real time to stepper motor 1 send signal, its significance lies in that, here if be fitted without distance pass Sensor 324aa, then when the larger rubbish of splendid attire humidity in accommodating cylinder 410, it may appear that accommodating cylinder 410 is filled not yet But the weight of rubbish has reached the calibration value of weighing sensor 213b and needs to switch accommodating cylinder 410 in accommodating cylinder 410 The phenomenon that, weighing sensor 213b can control the driving rotation of support plate 210 of stepper motor 1 so that being underfilled at this time Accommodating cylinder 410 abandons mouth 323 with above-mentioned rubbish and is staggered, to lose the chance for further providing for garbage reclamation, thus Cause the waste of resource, whereas if contained in accommodating cylinder 410 be lighter in weight and when the larger article of volume, can The case where accommodating cylinder 410 is already filled with and is still unable to reach weighing sensor 213b calibration values can be will appear, housed at this time Cylinder 410 has lost the effect for continuing to recycle rubbish, but cannot achieve switching, if being equipped with range sensor herein 324aa, the signal that the meeting of stepper motor 1 comprehensive analysis weighing sensor 213b and range sensor 324aa is sent, accommodating Optimal switching time is selected on the basis of the maximum weight that cylinder 410 can bear as far as possible, to carry to greatest extent Height 410 utilization rate of accommodating cylinder.
More specifically, as shown in Figure 5,6, it is also equipped on the primary seal cover board and is raised in primary seal cover board The lug 321a of periphery, the second above-mentioned power supply device are installed on lug 321a, it is preferred that second power Feeding mechanism is stepper motor 2 325, in the output shaft axis of the stepper motor 2 325 and above-mentioned guide rod 422 Mandrel line is parallel, and stepper motor 2 325 can drive sealing mechanism 320 to rotate and realize sealing mechanism 320 and pouring opening 312 In the switching for overlapping sealed condition between the opening state that misplaces, the upper layer sealing plate 310 coordinates with sealing mechanism 320 The evacuation circular groove 311 deflected for sealing mechanism 420 is further opened on end face, wherein the slot bottom of evacuation circular groove 311 is additionally provided with For pedal 324d by evacuation arc groove 313.
In actual work, after all accommodating cylinders 410 fill with, weighing sensor 213b can be sent out to cleanup crew It send and topples over signal and location information, cleanup crew quickly reaches according to location information, and cleanup crew passes through to stepper motor two 325 send the unlatching of signal control pouring opening 312, and after opening 312 to be poured is opened completely, cleanup crew passes through to the electricity that slows down Machine 424 sends control signal, and control elevating mechanism 420 works, and the accommodating cylinder 410 filled with is moved to ground by elevating mechanism 420 It is more than table, cleanup crew can manipulate garbage truck by way of mechanical arm crawl by the accommodating cylinder 410 filled with to rubbish Car is toppled over, after toppling over again by manipulator by accommodating cylinder 410 be put into encapsulation cylinder 220 in, cleanup crew again to It walks decelerating motor 424 and sends control signal, decelerating motor 424 controls elevating mechanism 420 so that accommodating cylinder 410 restores to initial Position, subsequent cleanup crew send control signal to stepper motor 2 325, and stepper motor 2 325 controls sealing mechanism 420 and realizes The coincidence of pouring opening 312 is blocked.
The environmental protection energy saving type processing method of rubbish, step are:
(One)Collection phase;
When pedestrian need abandon rubbish when, can by foot driving pedal 324d arcuately sliding slot 322 extension track slide, driving Bar 324b overcomes the elastic force of resetting spring 324c driving 326 inward turning of circular groove around its articulated shaft between primary seal cover board Turn, drive rod 324b driving secondary seal cover board 324a realize secondary seal cover board 324a and rubbish in switching 327 intrinsic deflection of circular groove Rubbish abandons the switching from coincidence sealed condition to dislocation opening state between mouth 323, at this point, pedestrian can be lost rubbish by rubbish It abandons mouth 323 to lose in accommodating cylinder 410, after discarding, pedestrian can remove to pedal 324d driving forces, and drive rod 324b is multiple Around the rotation in driving circular groove 326 of its articulated shaft between primary seal cover board, drive rod under the driving of position spring 324c 324b drives secondary seal cover board 324a to realize that secondary seal cover board 324a abandons mouth with rubbish in switching 327 intrinsic deflection of circular groove From dislocation opening state to the switching for overlapping sealed condition between 323, in the process, pedal 324d is in arc chute 322 Synchronous slide.
(Two)Switch step;
When the garbage weight in accommodating cylinder 410 reaches in maximum weight/accommodating cylinder 410 that accommodating cylinder 410 can bear Dustbin when filling, the letter that stepper motor one 231 comprehensive analysis weighing sensor 213b and range sensor 324aa is sent Number, stepper motor 1 drive support plate 210 rotation to complete vacant accommodating cylinder 410 and fill with accommodating cylinder 410 it Between switching;
(Three)Topple over the stage;
After all accommodating cylinders 410 fill with, weighing sensor 213b can to cleanup crew send topple over signal and Location information, cleanup crew quickly reach according to location information, and cleanup crew is controlled by sending signal to stepper motor 2 325 The unlatching of pouring opening 312, after opening 312 to be poured is opened completely, cleanup crew to decelerating motor 424 by sending control letter Number, control elevating mechanism 420 works, and the accommodating cylinder 410 filled with is moved to earth's surface or more, cleanup crew by elevating mechanism 420 Garbage truck can be manipulated will fill with the dustbin of rubbish into garbage truck by way of mechanical arm crawl in accommodating cylinder 410 Topple over, dustbin is put into accommodating cylinder 410 by manipulator again after toppling over, cleanup crew is again to step decelerating motor 424 send control signal, and decelerating motor 424 controls elevating mechanism 420 so that accommodating cylinder 410 restores to initial position, then Cleanup crew sends control signal to stepper motor 2 324, and stepper motor 2 325 controls sealing mechanism 420 and realizes to toppling over out The coincidence of mouth 312 blocks.
The foregoing description of the disclosed embodiments enables those skilled in the art to implement or use the present invention; Various modifications to these embodiments will be apparent to those skilled in the art, defined in the present invention General Principle can not depart from the present invention spirit or scope in the case of, realize in other embodiments.Therefore, originally Invention will not be defined to the embodiments shown herein, and be to fit to and the principles and novel features disclosed herein Consistent widest range.

Claims (4)

1. the harmless environmental protection retracting device of rubbish, which is characterized in that it includes the supporting rack for being embedded in underground, is rotatably dispose in It packaging system on supporting rack, the closing device for being set on packaging system and being flushed with ground and is installed in packaging system Refuse collector, closing device may be implemented in the switching between open state and closed state, and refuse collector is used for It realizes the collection for rubbish, topple over and seal up for safekeeping;
The packaging system includes the encapsulation that the support plate being rotatably dispose on supporting rack and support plate are coaxially and vertically arranged Cylinder, the encapsulation cylinder are circular cylinder body of the both ends with opening, wherein an open end of encapsulation cylinder and support plate are solid Fixed connection, above-mentioned closing device are set to another open end of encapsulation cylinder, and the refuse collector is installed on support In the accommodating cavity formed between disk, encapsulation cylinder, closing device;
The refuse collector includes that multigroup arranged along support plate circumference array houses cylinder, and the accommodating cylinder is one The circular cylinder body that end opening, the other end seal, wherein the centerline axis parallel of the central axis and support plate of accommodating cylinder, described Accommodating cylinder in dustbin for containing rubbish is removably installed;
The packaging system further includes for realizing the accommodating cylinder switching mechanism mutually switched between different accommodating cylinders, institute The accommodating cylinder switching mechanism stated includes the first power supply device being set on supporting rack, the driving being set in support plate Part and the power output part being installed on the first power supply device, first power supply device are stepper motor One, the power output part is the gear one for being sheathed on one output shaft end of stepper motor, and the actuator is coaxial sleeve Outside support plate and in the gear ring of the matching engagement of gear one;
It matches and is provided with for weighing accommodating cylinder weight and can be to stepper motor between the support plate and accommodating cylinder One sends the weighing sensor of control signal, and when the weight that weighing sensor measures accommodating cylinder reaches calibration value, claims It retransmits sensor and sends control signal to stepper motor one, stepper motor one receives the control signal and support plate rotation is driven to realize Mutual switching between accommodating cylinder;
The refuse collector further includes the elevating mechanism being set between support plate and accommodating cylinder, and elevating mechanism can be real Now house movement of the cylinder along center axis in the vertical direction;
The closing device include the upper layer sealing plate flushed with ground, lower layer's sealing plate below the sealing plate of upper layer with And be set to the sealing mechanism between upper layer sealing plate and lower layer's sealing plate, wherein offered on lower layer's sealing plate with it is upper The circular open that encapsulation cylinder opening end matches is stated, is provided with corresponding with circular open on the upper layer sealing plate and waits Size/isodiametric pouring opening, the sealing mechanism can realize sealing/unlatching to pouring opening;
The sealing mechanism includes the primary seal component that can be achieved to switch pouring opening in sealing state/open state, The primary seal component includes the primary seal cover board to match with pouring opening, for driving the realization pair of primary seal cover board The second power supply device that the dislocation opening of pouring opening/coincidence blocks, the sealing mechanism further includes being opened in level-one Mouth is abandoned on seal cover board and with the matched rubbish in accommodating cartridge openings end, rubbish discarding mouth Matching installation has and it The secondary seal component of Open-close sealing cooperation is constituted, secondary seal component can be realized under the driving of external force abandons mouth to rubbish Closure/opening.
2. the harmless environmental protection retracting device of rubbish according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the support plate includes The end face of circular disk body, disk body and the cooperation of accommodating cylinder offers the installation circle that depth direction is parallel to support plate central axis Slot, the accommodating cylinder are set as five, the accommodating cylinder sheet that the accommodating cylinder includes and installation circular groove is coaxially arranged Body, the drive block for being set to accommodating cylinder body exterior, the elevating mechanism can coordinate driving to house cylinder fortune with drive block Dynamic, the elevating mechanism includes the lead screw being arranged between support plate and drive block, wherein the central axis of lead screw with it is accommodating The centerline axis parallel and lead screw of cylinder ontology can be rotated around center axis, be equipped on the drive block and lead screw Matched screw, lead screw can push drive block to move in the vertical direction while rotating around own axes;
Described lead screw one end, which is stretched by the avoid holes being opened on disk body in support plate and in the end set, driving The driving mechanism that lead screw is rotated around center axis, the driving mechanism include being respectively arranged on lead screw and positioned at support The synchronous pulley of disk inner end is set to the synchronous belt between each synchronous pulley and being used to that each synchronous pulley to be driven to rotate synchronously Two, the intermediate transmission mechanism for being set to the decelerating motor of support pan bottom and being set between decelerating motor and synchronous belt two.
3. the harmless environmental protection retracting device of rubbish according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the intermediate transmission machine Structure includes the gear two for being installed on reducing motor output shaft end, be rotatably dispose in support plate in and can receive decelerating motor driving force Mediation member, the output shaft axis of the decelerating motor and the rotation axis of mediation member with above-mentioned lead screw Centerline axis parallel, the mediation member includes that meshed gears three, coaxial fixed with gear three is matched with gear two The belt pulley of connection;
The intermediate transmission mechanism further includes being set on synchronous belt two and tensioning between adjacent two synchronous pulley is same Step belt wheel is set to belt pulley and is tensioned the synchronous belt one between synchronous pulley and for driving tensioning synchronous pulley rotation, subtracts Speed motor drives gear three to rotate, and belt pulley rotates synchronously, and belt pulley, which drives to be tensioned synchronous pulley and synchronize by synchronous belt one, to be turned Dynamic, the tensioning synchronous pulley driving synchronous belt two of rotation rotates, to drive each synchronous pulley to rotate synchronously.
4. the harmless environmental protection retracting device of rubbish according to claim 1, which is characterized in that above-mentioned secondary seal group Part can be completed from abandoning the coincidence sealed condition of mouth to rubbish to dislocation open shape by receiving the form of pedestrian foot trigger force Switching between state, the secondary seal component include abandoning the matched secondary seal cover board of mouth with rubbish, being articulated with level-one The central shaft of hinged shaft core line and above-mentioned lead screw between drive rod on seal cover board, wherein drive rod and primary seal cover board Line is parallel, and drive rod one end is fixedly connected with the center of secondary seal cover board, the other end is equipped with the pedal driven for pedestrian, Offer driving circular groove in the primary seal cover board, the driving circular groove and drive rod around itself and primary seal cover board it Between articulated shaft rotate to form track and match, be further opened in the primary seal cover board and completed pair for secondary seal cover board Rubbish abandon mouth dislocation open needed for switching circular groove, the pedal passes through the arc chute that is opened on primary seal cover board Stretch out primary seal cover board upper surface;
The secondary seal component further includes the resetting spring being set between drive rod and primary seal cover board, and described answers Position spring, which closes on, is equipped with pedal arrangement;
The secondary seal cover board is additionally provided with range sensor towards the end face for housing cylinder, and the range sensor is used In the distance between the real-time open end for measuring accommodating cylinder and rubbish and signal is sent to stepper motor one in real time;
The lug for being raised in primary seal cover board periphery, the second above-mentioned power are also equipped on the primary seal cover board Feeding mechanism is installed on lug, and second power supply device is stepper motor two, the output of the stepper motor two The centerline axis parallel of axis axis and above-mentioned lead screw, stepper motor two can drive sealing mechanism to rotate and realize sealing mechanism With pouring opening in the switching for overlapping sealed condition between the opening state that misplaces, the upper layer sealing plate is matched with sealing mechanism The evacuation circular groove deflected for sealing mechanism is further opened on the end face of conjunction, wherein the slot bottom of evacuation circular groove is additionally provided with for stepping on Plate by evacuation arc groove.
CN201810328564.6A 2018-04-13 2018-04-13 The harmless environmental protection retracting device of rubbish Withdrawn CN108545357A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810328564.6A CN108545357A (en) 2018-04-13 2018-04-13 The harmless environmental protection retracting device of rubbish

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Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2911856B1 (en) * 2007-01-25 2009-08-21 Plastic Omnium Cie DEVICE FOR FILLING AT LEAST TWO BINS OF WASTE COLLECTION.
CN201406164Y (en) * 2009-03-26 2010-02-17 孙平 Underground garbage recycling device
CN202897291U (en) * 2012-11-02 2013-04-24 盐城市中液液压件有限公司 Garbage collecting device with garbage storage amount detection device
CN203031962U (en) * 2012-10-23 2013-07-03 江苏紫金电子集团有限公司 System capable of using single motor to drive screws to allow three-dimensional printer to make Z-direction motion
CN204751171U (en) * 2015-07-29 2015-11-11 南京工程学院 Sortable garbage bin is assisted in street based on speech recognition technique
CN106275949A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-01-04 天津轻工职业技术学院 Intelligent classification refuse receptacle
CN206318289U (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-07-11 中国科学院生态环境研究中心鄂尔多斯固体废弃物资源化工程技术研究所 A kind of rotatable Household garbage intelligent classification bucket
CN107054928A (en) * 2017-06-07 2017-08-18 李沛琛 A kind of rotary type dustbin
CN206735293U (en) * 2017-03-03 2017-12-12 苏州智星全机电科技有限公司 The material receiving mechanism of bottle base transloading equipment
CN107697518A (en) * 2017-11-18 2018-02-16 陈永忠 Open-close type refuse collection structure

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2911856B1 (en) * 2007-01-25 2009-08-21 Plastic Omnium Cie DEVICE FOR FILLING AT LEAST TWO BINS OF WASTE COLLECTION.
CN201406164Y (en) * 2009-03-26 2010-02-17 孙平 Underground garbage recycling device
CN203031962U (en) * 2012-10-23 2013-07-03 江苏紫金电子集团有限公司 System capable of using single motor to drive screws to allow three-dimensional printer to make Z-direction motion
CN202897291U (en) * 2012-11-02 2013-04-24 盐城市中液液压件有限公司 Garbage collecting device with garbage storage amount detection device
CN204751171U (en) * 2015-07-29 2015-11-11 南京工程学院 Sortable garbage bin is assisted in street based on speech recognition technique
CN106275949A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-01-04 天津轻工职业技术学院 Intelligent classification refuse receptacle
CN206318289U (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-07-11 中国科学院生态环境研究中心鄂尔多斯固体废弃物资源化工程技术研究所 A kind of rotatable Household garbage intelligent classification bucket
CN206735293U (en) * 2017-03-03 2017-12-12 苏州智星全机电科技有限公司 The material receiving mechanism of bottle base transloading equipment
CN107054928A (en) * 2017-06-07 2017-08-18 李沛琛 A kind of rotary type dustbin
CN107697518A (en) * 2017-11-18 2018-02-16 陈永忠 Open-close type refuse collection structure

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Application publication date: 20180918