CN108516885A - A kind of organic fertilizer production technique - Google Patents

A kind of organic fertilizer production technique Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108516885A
CN108516885A CN201810603925.3A CN201810603925A CN108516885A CN 108516885 A CN108516885 A CN 108516885A CN 201810603925 A CN201810603925 A CN 201810603925A CN 108516885 A CN108516885 A CN 108516885A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shell
driving
transmission
feeding
organic fertilizer
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CN201810603925.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
许美凤
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许美凤
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Priority to CN201810603925.3A priority Critical patent/CN108516885A/en
Publication of CN108516885A publication Critical patent/CN108516885A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B17/00Other phosphatic fertilisers, e.g. soft rock phosphates, bone meal
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/02Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like having rotating knives with their cutting edges in a plane perpendicular to their rotational axis
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/09Details
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/09Details
    • A01F29/095Mounting or adjusting of knives
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/09Details
    • A01F29/10Feeding devices
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The present invention relates to organic fertilizer production fields, specifically a kind of organic fertilizer production technique, the technique uses pulverizer, the pulverizer to include access panel, baiting structure, feeding structure, shell, safeguard structure, crush structure, drive mechanism, driving structure, Anti-blocking structure, blanking channel, supporting leg and junction box;The safeguard structure of the side wall of shell is internally provided with the driving structure for driving and its drive mechanism for transmission;Drive mechanism is connected to the feeding structure for coordinating conveying material of enclosure, for broken crushing structure and its for anti-blocking Anti-blocking structure;Anti-blocking structure is set to the inside of the blanking channel for discharging wheat stalk.The baiting structure of the present invention coordinates the use of feeding structure, convenient for adding wheat stalk to the inside of device, keeps feeding more convenient, alleviates the amount of labour of feeding, and crushing structure use by Anti-blocking structure cooperation makes to be crushed more completely, improves crushing quality.

Description

A kind of organic fertilizer production technique
Technical field
The present invention relates to organic fertilizer production field, specifically a kind of organic fertilizer production technique.
Background technology
With the fast development of society, agricultural planting also develops to green, intelligent direction, is needed during agricultural planting Improve plantation efficiency by mechanical equipment, agricultural machinery refer to during crop-planting industry and Animal husbandry production, Yi Jinong, Various machineries used in livestock products preliminary working and processing procedure, agricultural machinery include farm power machinery, farmland construction machine Tool, soil cultivating machine, plantation and fertilizer machinery, plant protection mechanism, farmland discharging-irrigating machinery, crop harvesting machine, agricultural product Processing equipment, animal husbandry machinery and farm transportation machinery etc., by being crushed to wheat stalk after small wheat harvesting, will crush Organic fertilizer is made in powder afterwards.
However the loading and unloading when crushing straw of traditional stalk disintegrating process are inconvenient flexibly, hold in use Blocking is easily caused, to influence crushing effect.In consideration of it, the present invention provides a kind of organic fertilizer production techniques, with following Feature:
(1) a kind of organic fertilizer production technique of the present invention, the technique use pulverizer, the baiting structure of the pulverizer The use for coordinating feeding structure keeps feeding more convenient, alleviates feeding convenient for adding straw to the inside of device The amount of labour, improve work efficiency.
(2) a kind of organic fertilizer production technique of the present invention, the technique use pulverizer, the crushing structure of the pulverizer Parallel to be correspondingly provided with two, the top for substantially increasing crushing effect, while crushing structure is set there are one one-to-one feeding Structure prevents the plant straw powder in shattering process from leaking, and reduces broken dust, while coordinating by Anti-blocking structure and crushing Structure use makes to be crushed more completely, while having choke preventing function, improves crushing quality.
Invention content
For the problems of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of organic fertilizer production technique, which uses pulverizer, The use of the baiting structure cooperation feeding structure of the pulverizer makes feeding more convenient for adding straw to the inside of device It is convenient and efficient, the amount of labour of feeding is alleviated, is improved work efficiency, parallelism structural is crushed and is correspondingly provided with two, greatly improve Crushing effect, while the top for crushing structure sets that there are one one-to-one feeding structures, prevents the plant in shattering process Stalk powder leaks, and reduces broken dust, while coordinating crushing structure use to make to be crushed more completely, together by Anti-blocking structure When have choke preventing function, improve crushing quality.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is:A kind of organic fertilizer production technique, the technique include Following steps:
Step 1:Straw is put into pulverizer and is crushed, plant straw powder is obtained;
Step 2:Rice husk meal, fishbone dust and excrement of animals is added in plant straw powder in step 1 and mixes and stirs into mixing Object;
Step 3:It will ferment in mixture merging fermentation tank in step 2:
Step 4:The mixture to ferment in step 3 is sent into subsequent processing;
Wherein, the pulverizer include access panel, baiting structure, feeding structure, shell, safeguard structure, crush structure, Drive mechanism, driving structure, Anti-blocking structure, blanking channel, supporting leg and junction box;The bottom end four corners of the shell are equipped with described Supporting leg, and the side wall of the shell is equipped with the safeguard structure;The safeguard structure of the side wall of the shell is internally provided with The driving structure for driving and its drive mechanism for transmission, and the driving structure is connected to the transmission Structure;The drive mechanism be connected to the enclosure for coordinate convey material linear distribution in the institute of the shell State feeding structure, the crushing structure for being crushed straw and its for the anti-blocking Anti-blocking structure, and it is described on Expect fabric connectivity in the baiting structure for adding materials of the inside of the shell;The Anti-blocking structure is set to for arranging Put the inside of the blanking channel of the inside of the shell of straw;The top of the shell is equipped with square used for overhaul The access panel of shape structure being detachably connected;The side wall of the shell is equipped with for powering on and driving structure The junction box being electrically connected.
Specifically, the safeguard structure includes protecting crust and cover board, the protecting crust is set to the side wall of the shell, described Protecting crust is equipped with the cover board being detachably connected, and the driving structure and the drive mechanism away from one end of the shell Set on the inside of the protecting crust;The protecting crust coordinates the setting of the cover board, enhances the close of the inside of the protecting crust Sealing property improves the performance of the driving structure and the drive mechanism, the driving structure described in repair and maintenance and institute When stating drive mechanism, the cover board is dismantled.
Specifically, the driving structure includes motor and two driving gears, the motor for driving is through institute The inside that protecting crust extends to the shell is stated, two driving gears are detachably connected with the motor;Two drives Moving gear is used cooperatively the use number for reducing the motor, improves the utilization ratio of the motor.
Specifically, the drive mechanism includes the first chain, multiple first transmission gears, the second chain and the second driving cog Wheel, first chain, which is wound in, to be passed for the L-shaped linear distribution of transmission in multiple described the first of the inside of the protecting crust Moving gear and a driving gear, second chain are wound in second transmission gear and another described sliding tooth Wheel;The motor rotation, drives the sliding tooth wheel to rotate, to be driven respectively by first chain and second chain First transmission gear and second transmission gear is moved to rotate, to drive the feeding structure, the crushing structure and The Anti-blocking structure rotation, is connected between first transmission gear and the driving gear by first chain, described Second transmission gear, by second chain drive, makes transmission more stablize, repair and maintenance with another described driving gear It is more convenient, while substantially increasing space efficiency utilization.
Specifically, the feeding structure includes multiple grooves, driven roller, multiple first transmission shafts, multiple described first pass Moving axis is used to drive the described of feeding through the first driving gear and the driven roller, multiple cylindrical structures are connected to Driven roller L-shaped linear distribution is rotated in the inside of the shell, the driven roller by first transmission shaft and the shell It connects, the groove of multiple semi-cylindrical structures is distributed in array on the circumferencial direction of the driven roller;Described first passes Moving axis rotation drives the driven roller rotation, to make straw be sent to the baiting structure from the bottom end of the shell In, the setting of the driven roller keeps straw transmission more quick, substantially increases the feeding speed of straw, reduces Operating pressure, the groove of multiple semi-cylindrical structures is distributed in array on the circumferencial direction of the driven roller, increases The area and its frictional force contacted with straw, substantially increases delivery quality.
Specifically, the baiting structure includes blanking hole and guide plate, the blanking hole of the trapezium structure for blanking Through the shell, the driven roller on the shell on the top of the blanking hole is corresponded with the blanking hole, The shell of one end of the blanking hole is equipped with the guide plate of rectangular configuration, the top of the guide plate and the shell Between angle between face is 30-45 °;Directly straw is put into from the blanking hole when in use or from the shell It is put at the driven roller of bottom end, keeps straw input more convenient, the blanking hole is trapezium structure with anti-blocking Effect, between the angle between the guide plate and the top surface of the shell is 30-45 °, convenient for straw enter it is described under Expect in hole.
Specifically, two crushing structures include actuating sleeve, multiple fixed blocks, guiding axis, crushing block and the second biography Moving axis, two second driving shafts extend through two first transmission gears in the blanking hole side wall from described outer Shell extends to the actuating sleeve of cylindrical structure, and the actuating sleeve is connected by the second driving shaft and shell rotation It connects, the circumferencial direction of the actuating sleeve is equipped with the fixed block of multiple Circle-Array column distribution, and the guiding axis is through company It is connected to the fixed block and the crushing block, what it is with corner angle is the crushing of trapezium structure away from one end of the fixed block It is rotatablely connected between block and the fixed block, the actuating sleeve and the driven roller of the inside of the blanking hole correspond; First transmission gear drives the second driving shaft rotation, and the second driving shaft drives the actuating sleeve rotation, described Actuating sleeve drives the crushing block to crush straw under high-speed rotation, there are two the actuating sleeve is set, two institutes Stating actuating sleeve and being correspondingly arranged effectively prevents from causing the actuating sleeve to block engaging in crushing process, substantially increases crushing quality And its efficiency, the end of the crushing block is trapezium structure and carries corner angle, increases the contact area with straw, makes powder Broken effect is more preferable.
Specifically, the Anti-blocking structure includes third transmission shaft, fixing sleeve and multiple protrusions, the third transmission shaft runs through It is connected to the second driving gear and the fixing sleeve, the fixing sleeve for being used for transmission and the shell of cylindrical structure It is rotatablely connected, the protrusion of multiple hemispherical dome structures is distributed in Circle-Array column on the circumferencial direction of the fixing sleeve, described Fixing sleeve is set to the inside of the blanking channel, and the blanking channel extends to the blanking hole through the shell, described The junction of blanking channel and the blanking hole is arcuate structure;The second transmission gear rotation drives the third transmission shaft Rotation, the third transmission shaft rotation drive the fixing sleeve rotation, the larger plant from the inside for contradicting the blanking hole Stalk, while straw being effectively prevent to be blocked in the inside of the blanking channel, the setting of the protrusion of hemispherical dome structure It effectively prevent straw to be wound in the protrusion while increasing the frictional force with straw, substantially increases crushing Quality.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
(1) a kind of organic fertilizer production technique of the present invention, the technique use pulverizer, the baiting structure of the pulverizer The use for coordinating feeding structure keeps feeding more convenient, alleviates feeding convenient for adding straw to the inside of device The amount of labour, improve work efficiency.
(2) a kind of organic fertilizer production technique of the present invention, the technique use pulverizer, the crushing structure of the pulverizer Parallel to be correspondingly provided with two, the top for substantially increasing crushing effect, while crushing structure is set there are one one-to-one feeding Structure prevents the plant straw powder in shattering process from leaking, and reduces broken dust, while coordinating by Anti-blocking structure and crushing Structure use makes to be crushed more completely, while having choke preventing function, improves crushing quality.
Description of the drawings
Present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings and examples.
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of preferred embodiment of pulverizer provided by the invention;
Fig. 2 is the portions A shown in FIG. 1 enlarged diagram;
Fig. 3 is B-B direction schematic cross-section shown in FIG. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of driving structure shown in Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is C-C shown in FIG. 1 to schematic cross-section.
In figure:1, access panel, 2, baiting structure, 21, blanking hole, 22, guide plate, 3, feeding structure, 31, groove, 32, drive Dynamic roller, the 33, first transmission shaft, 4, shell, 5, safeguard structure, 51, protecting crust, 52, cover board, 6, crush structure, 61, actuating sleeve, 62, fixed block, 63, guiding axis, 64, crushing block, 65, second driving shaft, 7, drive mechanism, the 71, first chain, 72, first passes Moving gear, the 73, second chain, the 74, second transmission gear, 8, driving structure, 81, motor, 82, driving gear, 9, Anti-blocking structure, 91, third transmission shaft, 92, fixing sleeve, 93, protrusion, 9a, blanking channel, 9b, supporting leg, 9c, junction box.
Specific implementation mode
In order to make the technical means, the creative features, the aims and the efficiencies achieved by the present invention be easy to understand, tie below Specific implementation mode is closed, the present invention is further explained.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3 and Fig. 5, a kind of organic fertilizer production technique of the present invention, which includes following Step:
Step 1:Straw is put into pulverizer and is crushed, plant straw powder is obtained;
Step 2:Rice husk meal, fishbone dust and excrement of animals is added in plant straw powder in step 1 and mixes and stirs into mixing Object;
Step 3:It will ferment in mixture merging fermentation tank in step 2:
Step 4:The mixture to ferment in step 3 is sent into subsequent processing;
Wherein, the pulverizer includes access panel 1, baiting structure 2, feeding structure 3, shell 4, safeguard structure 5, crushes Structure 6, drive mechanism 7, driving structure 8, Anti-blocking structure 9, blanking channel 9a, supporting leg 9b and junction box 9c;The bottom of the shell 4 Four corners are held to be equipped with the supporting leg 9b, and the side wall of the shell 4 is equipped with the safeguard structure 9;The institute of the side wall of the shell 4 That states safeguard structure 5 is internally provided with the driving structure 8 for driving and its drive mechanism 7 for transmission, and institute It states driving structure 8 and is connected to the drive mechanism 7;The drive mechanism 7 is connected to being conveyed for coordinating inside the shell 4 The linear distribution of material in the feeding structure 3 of the shell 4, the crushing structure 6 for being crushed straw and its For the anti-blocking Anti-blocking structure 9, and the feeding structure 3 be communicated in the inside of the shell 4 for adding materials The baiting structure 2;The blanking that the Anti-blocking structure 9 is set to the inside of the shell 4 for discharging straw is logical The inside of road 9a;The top of the shell 4 is equipped with the access panel 1 of rectangular configuration used for overhaul being detachably connected;Institute The side wall for stating shell 4 is equipped with the junction box 9c for powering on being electrically connected with the driving structure 8.
Specifically, as shown in figures 1 and 3, the safeguard structure 5 includes protecting crust 51 and cover board 52, the protecting crust 51 Set on the side wall of the shell 4, the protecting crust 51 is equipped with the cover board being detachably connected away from one end of the shell 4 52, and the driving structure 8 is set to the inside of the protecting crust 51 with the drive mechanism 7;The protecting crust 51 coordinates described The setting of cover board 52 enhances the sealing performance of the inside of the protecting crust 51, improves the driving structure 8 and the transmission The performance of structure 7 when the driving structure 8 described in repair and maintenance and the drive mechanism 7, dismantles the cover board 52.
Specifically, shown in as shown in Figure 1, Figure 3 and Figure 4, the driving structure 8 includes motor 81 and two driving gears 82, is used The inside of the shell 4, two driving gears 82 are extended to through the protecting crust 51 in the motor 81 of driving It is detachably connected with the motor 81;Two driving gears 82 are used cooperatively the use number for reducing the motor 81, Improve the utilization ratio of the motor 81.
Specifically, as shown in figures 1 and 3, the drive mechanism 7 include the first chain 71, multiple first transmission gears 72, Second chain 73 and the second transmission gear 74, first chain 71 are wound in the L-shaped linear distribution for transmission in described anti- Multiple first transmission gears 72 of the inside of protective case 51 and a driving gear 82, second chain 73 are wound in Second transmission gear 74 and another described driving gear 82;The motor 81 rotates, and drives 82 turns of the driving gear It is dynamic, to respectively drive first transmission gear 72 and described second by first chain 71 and second chain 73 Transmission gear 74 rotates, to drive the feeding structure 3, the crushings structure 6 and the rotation of the Anti-blocking structure 9, described the Connected by first chain 71 between one transmission gear 72 and the driving gear 82, second transmission gear 74 with it is another One driving gear 82 is driven by second chain 73, so that transmission is more stablized, repair and maintenance is more convenient, simultaneously Substantially increase space efficiency utilization.
Specifically, as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and shown in Fig. 5, the feeding structure 3 includes multiple grooves 31, driven roller 32, Duo Ge One transmission shaft 33, multiple first transmission shafts 33 drive gear 72 and the driven roller 32 through being connected to described first, more A cylindrical structure is used to drive the driven roller 32L shapes linear distribution of feeding in the inside of the shell 4, the driving Roller 32 is rotatablely connected by first transmission shaft 33 and the shell 4, array point on the circumferencial direction of the driven roller 32 It is furnished with the groove 31 of multiple semi-cylindrical structures;The rotation of first transmission shaft 33 drives the driven roller 32 to rotate, from And straw is made to be sent in the baiting structure 2 from the bottom end of the shell 4, the setting of the driven roller 32 makes plant straw Stalk transmission is more quick, substantially increases the feeding speed of straw, reduces operating pressure, the circumference of the driven roller 32 The groove 31 of multiple semi-cylindrical structures is distributed in array on direction, increase the area contacted with straw and its Frictional force substantially increases delivery quality.
Specifically, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the baiting structure 2 includes blanking hole 21 and guide plate 22, for blanking The blanking hole 21 of trapezium structure is through the shell 4, the drive on the shell 4 on the top of the blanking hole 21 Dynamic roller 32 is corresponded with the blanking hole 21, and the shell 4 of one end of the blanking hole 21 is equipped with the institute of rectangular configuration Guide plate 22 is stated, between the angle between the guide plate 22 and the top surface of the shell 4 is 30-45 °;Directly will when in use Straw puts into from the blanking hole 21 or is put into from the driven roller 32 of 4 bottom end of the shell, makes straw Put into it is more convenient, the blanking hole 21 be trapezium structure have the function of anti-blocking, the top of the guide plate 22 and the shell 4 Between angle between face is 30-45 °, enter in the blanking hole 21 convenient for straw.
Specifically, as shown in Figure 2 and Figure 5, two crushing structures 6 include actuating sleeve 61, multiple fixed blocks 62, lead To axis 63, crushing block 64 and second driving shaft 65, two second driving shafts 65 are extended through in 21 side wall of the blanking hole Two first transmission gears 72 actuating sleeve 61 of cylindrical structure, the actuating sleeve are extended to from the shell 4 61 are rotatablely connected by the second driving shaft 65 and the shell 4, and the circumferencial direction of the actuating sleeve 61 is equipped with multiple circles The fixed block 62 of all array distributions, the guiding axis 63, which runs through, is connected to the fixed block 62 and the crushing block 64, With corner angle is to turn between the crushing block 64 and the fixed block 62 of trapezium structure away from one end of the fixed block 62 Dynamic connection, the actuating sleeve 61 and the driven roller 32 of the inside of the blanking hole 21 correspond;First driving cog Wheel 72 drives the second driving shaft 65 to rotate, and the second driving shaft 65 drives the actuating sleeve 61 to rotate, the actuating sleeve 61 drive the crushing block 64 to crush straw under high-speed rotation, there are two the actuating sleeve 61 is set, two institutes Stating actuating sleeve 61 and being correspondingly arranged effectively prevents from causing the actuating sleeve 61 to block engaging in crushing process, substantially increases crushing The end of quality and its efficiency, the crushing block 64 is trapezium structure and carries corner angle, increases the contact surface with straw Product, keeps crushing effect more preferable.
Specifically, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 5, the Anti-blocking structure 9 includes third transmission shaft 91, fixing sleeve 92 and multiple convex 93 are played, the third transmission shaft 93 drives gear 74 and the fixing sleeve 92 through being connected to described second, cylindrical structure The fixing sleeve 92 for transmission is rotatablely connected with the shell 4, Circle-Array column on the circumferencial direction of the fixing sleeve 92 Described raised the 93 of multiple hemispherical dome structures are distributed with, the fixing sleeve 92 is set to the inside of the blanking channel 9a, under described Material channel 9a extends to the blanking hole 21, the connection of the blanking channel 9a and the blanking hole 21 through the shell 4 Place is arcuate structure;The rotation of second transmission gear 74 drives the third transmission shaft 91 to rotate, the third transmission shaft 91 Rotation drives the fixing sleeve 92 to rotate, the larger straw from the inside for contradicting the blanking hole 21, while effectively anti- Only straw is blocked in the inside of the blanking channel 9a, and raised 93 setting of hemispherical dome structure increases and plant It effectively prevent straw to be wound on described raised 93 while the frictional force of stalk, substantially increases crushing quality.
Straw is put into from baiting structure 2 or feeding structure 3 first, is transmitted by feeding structure 3 after input To the inside of device, the feeding structure 3 by crushing 6 top of structure is tentatively crushed, then pass through two crush structures 6 into Row is broken, is crushed the stalk completed by blanking channel 9a discharges;Specifically have:
(1) straw being put into from the driven roller 32 of 4 bottom end of shell, motor 81 rotates, and driving gear 82 is driven to rotate, To by the first chain 71 and the second chain 73 respectively drive the first transmission gear 72 and the second transmission gear 74 rotation, first The rotation of transmission shaft 33 drives driven roller 32 to rotate, to make straw be sent in blanking hole 21 from the bottom end of shell 4;
(2) first transmission gears 72 drive second driving shaft 65 to rotate, and second driving shaft 65 drives actuating sleeve 61 to rotate, and drive Dynamic set 61 drives crushing block 64 to crush straw under high-speed rotation, there are two actuating sleeve 61 is set, two actuating sleeves 61 are correspondingly arranged and effectively prevent from causing actuating sleeve 61 to block engaging in crushing process, substantially increase and crush quality and its effect The end of rate, crushing block 64 is trapezium structure and carries corner angle, increases the contact area with straw, makes crushing effect more It is good;
The rotation of (3) second transmission gears 74 drives third transmission shaft 91 to rotate, and the rotation of third transmission shaft 91 drives fixing sleeve 92 rotations, the larger straw from the inside for contradicting blanking hole 21, while effectivelying prevent straw in blanking channel 9a Inside block, the setting of the protrusion 93 of hemispherical dome structure effectively prevent plant while increasing the frictional force with straw Stalk is wound in protrusion 93, substantially increases crushing quality;
(4) motor 81 rotates, and drives driving gear 82 to rotate, to be driven respectively by the first chain 71 and the second chain 73 Dynamic first transmission gear 72 and the second transmission gear 74 rotate, to drive feeding structure 3, crush 9 turns of structure 6 and Anti-blocking structure It is dynamic, it is connected by the first chain 71 between the first transmission gear 72 and driving gear 82, the second transmission gear 74 and another drive Moving gear 82 is driven by the second chain 73, so that transmission is more stablized, repair and maintenance is more convenient, while substantially increasing space Utilization ratio.
The baiting structure 2 of the present invention coordinates the use of feeding structure 3, convenient for adding straw to the inside of device, makes Feeding is more convenient, alleviates the amount of labour of feeding, improves work efficiency, and crushes that structure 6 is parallel is correspondingly provided with two, The top for substantially increasing crushing effect, while crushing structure 6 is set there are one one-to-one feeding structure 3, is prevented broken Plant straw powder leaks in the process, reduces broken dust, while coordinating crushing 6 use of structure to make brokenly by Anti-blocking structure 9 It is broken more complete, while there is choke preventing function, improve crushing quality.
The basic principles, main features and advantages of the invention have been shown and described above.The technical staff of the industry should Understand, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and the description in the above embodiment and specification only illustrates the present invention Principle, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, various changes and improvements may be made to the invention, these variation and Improvement is both fallen in the scope of protection of present invention.The claimed scope of the invention is by appended claims and its equivalent Object defines.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of organic fertilizer production technique, which is characterized in that the technique includes the following steps:
Step 1:Straw is put into pulverizer and is crushed, plant straw powder is obtained;
Step 2:Rice husk meal, fishbone dust and excrement of animals is added in plant straw powder in step 1 and mixes and stirs resulting mixture;
Step 3:It will ferment in mixture merging fermentation tank in step 2:
Step 4:The mixture to ferment in step 3 is sent into subsequent processing;
Wherein, the pulverizer includes access panel (1), baiting structure (2), feeding structure (3), shell (4), safeguard structure (5), structure (6), drive mechanism (7), driving structure (8), Anti-blocking structure (9), blanking channel (9a), supporting leg (9b) are crushed and is connect Line case (9c);The bottom end four corners of the shell (4) are equipped with the supporting leg (9b), and the side wall of the shell (4) is equipped with described Safeguard structure (9);The driving knot of the safeguard structure (5) of the side wall of the shell (4) being internally provided with for driving Structure (8) and its drive mechanism (7) for transmission, and the driving structure (8) is connected to the drive mechanism (7);Institute State drive mechanism (7) be connected to the shell (4) it is internal for coordinate the linear distribution for conveying material in the shell (4) The feeding structure (3), for the crushing structure (6) of cracked wheat stalk and its for the anti-blocking Anti-blocking structure (9), and the feeding structure (3) be communicated in the shell (4) inside the baiting structure (2) for adding materials; The Anti-blocking structure (9) is set to the interior of the blanking channel (9a) of the inside of the shell (4) for discharging wheat stalk Portion;The top of the shell (4) is equipped with the access panel (1) of rectangular configuration used for overhaul being detachably connected;It is described outer The side wall of shell (4) is equipped with the junction box (9c) for powering on being electrically connected with the driving structure (8).
2. a kind of organic fertilizer production technique according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The safeguard structure (5) includes anti- Protective case (51) and cover board (52), the protecting crust (51) are set to the side wall of the shell (4), and the protecting crust (51) is away from described One end of shell (4) is equipped with the cover board (52) being detachably connected, and the driving structure (8) and the drive mechanism (7) Inside set on the protecting crust (51).
3. a kind of organic fertilizer production technique according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The driving structure (8) includes electricity Machine (81) and two driving gears (82), the motor (81) for driving extend to described through the protecting crust (51) The inside of shell (4), two driving gears (82) are detachably connected with the motor (81).
4. a kind of organic fertilizer production technique according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The drive mechanism (7) includes the One chain (71), multiple first transmission gears (72), the second chain (73) and the second transmission gear (74), first chain (71) the L-shaped linear distribution for transmission is wound in multiple first transmission gears of the inside of the protecting crust (51) (72) and a driving gear (82), second chain (73) are wound in second transmission gear (74) and another The driving gear (82).
5. a kind of organic fertilizer production technique according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The feeding structure (3) includes more A groove (31), driven roller (32), multiple first transmission shafts (33), multiple first transmission shafts (33) are described through being connected to First driving gear (72) and the driven roller (32), the driven roller (32) for driving feeding of multiple cylindrical structures L-shaped linear distribution passes through first transmission shaft (33) and the shell in the inside of the shell (4), the driven roller (32) (4) it is rotatablely connected, the groove of multiple semi-cylindrical structures is distributed in array on the circumferencial direction of the driven roller (32) (31)。
6. a kind of organic fertilizer production technique according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:Under the baiting structure (2) includes Expect hole (21) and guide plate (22), the blanking hole (21) of the trapezium structure for blanking is described through the shell (4) The driven roller (32) on the shell (4) on the top of blanking hole (21) is corresponded with the blanking hole (21), described The shell (4) of one end of blanking hole (21) be equipped with rectangular configuration the guide plate (22), the guide plate (22) with Between angle between the top surface of the shell (4) is 30-45 °.
7. a kind of organic fertilizer production technique according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:Two crushing structures (6) are equal Including actuating sleeve (61), multiple fixed blocks (62), guiding axis (63), crushing block (64) and second driving shaft (65), described in two Second driving shaft (65) extends through two first transmission gears (72) in the blanking hole (21) side wall from described outer Shell (4) extends to the actuating sleeve (61) of cylindrical structure, the actuating sleeve (61) by the second driving shaft (65) with The circumferencial direction of shell (4) rotation connection, the actuating sleeve (61) is equipped with the described solid of multiple Circle-Array column distribution Determine block (62), the guiding axis (63) carries the back of the body of corner angle through the fixed block (62) and the crushing block (64) is connected to One end from the fixed block (62) is rotatablely connected between the crushing block (64) and the fixed block (62) of trapezium structure, The actuating sleeve (61) and the driven roller (32) of the inside of the blanking hole (21) correspond.
8. a kind of organic fertilizer production technique according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The Anti-blocking structure (9) includes the Three transmission shafts (91), fixing sleeve (92) and multiple protrusions (93), the third transmission shaft (93) are driven through being connected to described second Moving gear (74) and the fixing sleeve (92), the fixing sleeve (92) and the shell (4) for transmission of cylindrical structure It is rotatablely connected, the protrusion of multiple hemispherical dome structures is distributed in Circle-Array column on the circumferencial direction of the fixing sleeve (92) (93), the fixing sleeve (92) is set to the inside of the blanking channel (9a), and the blanking channel (9a) is through the shell (4) blanking hole (21) is extended to, the junction of the blanking channel (9a) and the blanking hole (21) is arcuate structure.
CN201810603925.3A 2018-06-12 2018-06-12 A kind of organic fertilizer production technique Pending CN108516885A (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1454874A (en) * 2002-04-30 2003-11-12 陕西辰烁环保农业股份有限公司 Cornstalk biological organic fertilizer
CN1537832A (en) * 2003-04-18 2004-10-20 西安天维生态农业科技开发有限公司 Method of producing bioorganic fertilizer using agricultural waste material
CN101096328A (en) * 2006-06-27 2008-01-02 荆向河 Wheat straw biologic organic fertilizer
CN107185670A (en) * 2016-03-15 2017-09-22 长沙碧野生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of filamentation tulwar formula disintegrating machine of stalk
CN107282186A (en) * 2017-08-01 2017-10-24 成都市朗慧科技有限公司 A kind of garbage disposal reducing mechanism with feeding device
CN206866106U (en) * 2017-07-10 2018-01-12 长江师范学院 A kind of straw millstone
CN108029330A (en) * 2017-12-31 2018-05-15 河南省颍骏机械制造有限公司 The stalk cutting of circle bale baling press crushes collection and rubs pressure feeding unit

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1454874A (en) * 2002-04-30 2003-11-12 陕西辰烁环保农业股份有限公司 Cornstalk biological organic fertilizer
CN1537832A (en) * 2003-04-18 2004-10-20 西安天维生态农业科技开发有限公司 Method of producing bioorganic fertilizer using agricultural waste material
CN101096328A (en) * 2006-06-27 2008-01-02 荆向河 Wheat straw biologic organic fertilizer
CN107185670A (en) * 2016-03-15 2017-09-22 长沙碧野生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of filamentation tulwar formula disintegrating machine of stalk
CN206866106U (en) * 2017-07-10 2018-01-12 长江师范学院 A kind of straw millstone
CN107282186A (en) * 2017-08-01 2017-10-24 成都市朗慧科技有限公司 A kind of garbage disposal reducing mechanism with feeding device
CN108029330A (en) * 2017-12-31 2018-05-15 河南省颍骏机械制造有限公司 The stalk cutting of circle bale baling press crushes collection and rubs pressure feeding unit

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