CN212629148U - Throwing mechanism of solid-state straw compost applicator - Google Patents

Throwing mechanism of solid-state straw compost applicator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212629148U
CN212629148U CN202021029492.4U CN202021029492U CN212629148U CN 212629148 U CN212629148 U CN 212629148U CN 202021029492 U CN202021029492 U CN 202021029492U CN 212629148 U CN212629148 U CN 212629148U
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China
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spreading
stirring roller
wheel
box
guide plate
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CN202021029492.4U
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何志刚
孙文涛
张旭
刘艳
刘慧屿
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Liaoning Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Liaoning Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a scattering mechanism of a solid straw compost spreader, wherein a frame is articulated with a tractor suspension system and is pulled to move forwards; the gearbox is connected with a power output system of the tractor and provides power for the rotation of the upper stirring roller, the lower stirring roller and the discharging auger in the material box; the upper end of the frame is provided with a feed box, and the gearbox is arranged at the front end of the feed box; the upper stirring roller, the lower stirring roller and the discharging auger are arranged from top to bottom; the spreading wheel is arranged at the rear part of the lower part of the material box; the land wheels are arranged on two sides below the machine frame and are connected with the spreading wheel through chain transmission to drive the spreading wheel to rotate. The utility model discloses satisfy behind the fermentation of maize straw compost, broadcast by broadcasting the device and broadcast the field of applying, disposable replace artifical transportation and shed the operation, still provide the new way for maize straw still field.

Description

Throwing mechanism of solid-state straw compost applicator
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of agricultural apparatus, in particular to a throwing mechanism of a solid-state straw compost spreader.
Background
At present, the fertilizer distributor is in the beginning stage in China, but is a very mature product class abroad, and on the extensions of Hannover, EIMA (Italy) and SIMA (France), Germany, the fertilizer distributor in Europe and America can be found to have complete varieties, and the equipment also has large-scale, medium-scale and small-scale.
Enterprises enter the fertilizer distributor industry in China, such as Jiangsu cherry farmer, but most of the enterprises are small-sized devices, the fertilizer distributor looks simple and crude, but if the enterprises need to be refined, refined and efficient, the fertilizer is not easy to be applied, the enterprises in China are in the stage of introducing digestive absorption at present, mature products still do not exist, in addition, the fertilizer distributor needs to be subdivided in the market according to the fertilizer types and areas, for example, a certain enterprise in Fujian is the fertilizer distributor for the U.S. substitute, the fertilizer distributor is used in the U.S. market for over ten years, but the phenomenon of 'water and soil inadequacy' occurs when the fertilizer distributor is used in paddy fields in south of China, and the reason is that the paddy fields are high in humidity, and the fertilizer application port.
In the fertilizer distributor at the present stage, the conveying device at the bottom of the fertilizer box is used for conveying the organic fertilizer to the spreading device, and the organic fertilizer is spread to the field by the spreading device, so that manual transportation and spreading operation are replaced once. The conveying device has two forms of a chain plate type and a spiral type, and the chain plate type is more applied in actual production.
The organic fertilizer applicator can be divided into the following components according to the difference of the applicator components: disc type, spiral type and shifting tooth type. The disc type fertilizer distributor is generally used for large fertilizer distributors, has the characteristics of uniform discharge, large breadth and strong adaptability to organic fertilizers, but has a complex transmission mechanism. The spiral type fertilizer distributor is mainly used for large and medium-sized fertilizer distributors, and has the characteristics of good spreading uniformity, simpler structure, low power consumption and better adaptability, so that the spiral type fertilizer distributor is widely applied. The poking-tooth type is used for small fertilizer applicators, generally only has the function of poking organic fertilizers down to the ground, and is poor in breaking capacity of the organic fertilizers.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a mechanism is shed in throwing of solid-state straw compost spreader to solve the problem that proposes among the above-mentioned background art.
A throwing mechanism of a solid straw compost spreader comprises a frame, a gearbox, a material box, a discharging auger, an upper stirring roller, a lower stirring roller, a spreading wheel, a chain transmission and a land wheel;
the frame is articulated with a tractor suspension system to pull the frame to move forwards;
the gearbox is connected with a power output system of the tractor and provides power for the rotation of the upper stirring roller, the lower stirring roller and the discharging auger in the material box;
the upper end of the rack is provided with a material box, and the gearbox is arranged at the front end of the material box;
the upper stirring roller, the lower stirring roller and the discharging auger are arranged from top to bottom;
the spreading wheel is arranged at the rear part of the lower part of the material box; the land wheels are arranged on two sides below the machine frame and are connected with the spreading wheel through chain transmission to drive the spreading wheel to rotate.
The preferred scheme of the throwing mechanism of the solid straw compost spreader is that the feed box consists of a box body, an upper guide plate, a lower guide plate and a discharge cover plate;
the upper guide plate is arranged at the upper right part in the feed box, the lower guide plate is arranged at the lower left part in the feed box, and the discharge cover plate is arranged at the rear side of the bottom of the feed box;
and the end parts of the upper guide plate and the lower guide plate are provided with tooth-shaped notches for matching with the tooth-shaped structures on the upper stirring roller and the lower stirring roller.
The preferred scheme of the throwing mechanism of the solid straw compost spreader is that the upper stirring roller consists of an upper stirring shaft and an upper stirring tooth group;
the end part of the upper stirring tooth group is provided with a gap which is arranged in an inverted convex shape and is used for guiding the crushed materials into the bin for action;
the lower stirring roller structure comprises a lower stirring shaft and a lower stirring tooth group which are arranged in a concave shape and used for guiding the crushed materials into the interior of the material box;
the upper stirring tooth group and the lower stirring tooth group are mutually matched in a convex-concave way and rotate oppositely.
The preferred scheme of the throwing mechanism of the solid straw compost spreader is that the spreading wheel consists of a spreading shaft, a spreading disc and spreading teeth;
the spreading teeth are arranged at the end part of the spreading disc and are uniformly arranged in an annular array; the distributing disks are concentrically arranged with the distributing shaft and are evenly and axially arranged along the distributing shaft in an array mode.
The working principle of the scattering mechanism of the solid straw compost spreader is as follows: when the tractor works, the frame is connected with the tractor suspension system in a hanging way in the advancing process of the tractor, and the tractor pulls the machine tool to advance; the gearbox is connected with a power output system of the tractor and provides power for the rotation of an upper stirring roller, a lower stirring roller and a discharging auger in the material box; the upper stirring rollers and the lower stirring rollers are arranged in a vertically staggered manner and rotate oppositely, materials are guided into the material box from the space between the two rollers, and the materials are further crushed and then discharged from the rear bottom of the material box to the spreading wheel through the discharging auger; the land wheel transmits power to the spreading wheel through chain transmission, and when the spreading wheel is driven to rotate, the materials discharged by the discharging auger are further chopped through the spreading teeth, and are scattered, so that the operation of spreading the materials on the surface of the soil is completed.
The utility model has the advantages that: the straw compost spreader of the utility model crushes and spreads the fermented corn straw compost materials to the ground surface, so that the straw and the discharge port are not easy to block, the spreading range is wide, the width is large, the efficiency is high, and the spreading is uniform; the purpose of manual transportation and throwing is replaced.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a structural diagram of a scattering mechanism of a solid straw compost scattering and applying machine;
FIG. 2 is a top view of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a bin;
FIG. 4 is a top view of the bin;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of an upper stirring roller and a lower stirring roller;
fig. 6 is a schematic view of the structure of the spreading wheel.
In the figure, the device comprises a frame 1, a frame 2, a gearbox 3, a material box 4, a material discharging auger 5, an upper stirring roller 6, a lower stirring roller 7, a spreading wheel 8, a chain transmission 9, a land wheel 3-1, a box body 3-2, an upper guide plate 3-3, a lower guide plate 3-4, a material discharging cover plate 5-1, an upper stirring shaft 5-2, an upper stirring tooth group 6-1, a lower stirring shaft 6-2, a lower stirring tooth group 7-1, a spreading shaft 7-2, a spreading disc 7-3 and spreading teeth.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
The throwing mechanism of the solid straw compost spreader shown in fig. 1-6 comprises a frame 1, a gearbox 2, a bin 3, a discharging auger 4, an upper stirring roller 5, a lower stirring roller 6, a spreading wheel 7, a chain transmission 8 and a land wheel 9;
the frame 1 is articulated with a tractor suspension system, and the frame 1 is pulled to move forwards;
the gearbox 2 is connected with a power output system of the tractor and provides power for the rotation of an upper stirring roller 5, a lower stirring roller 6 and a discharging auger 4 in the material box 3;
a material box 3 is arranged at the upper end of the frame 1, and a gearbox 2 is arranged at the front end of the material box 3;
the upper stirring roller 5, the lower stirring roller 6 and the discharging auger 4 are arranged from top to bottom;
the spreading wheel 7 is arranged at the lower part of the material box 3 and is inclined to the rear; land wheels 9 are arranged on two sides below the machine frame 1 and connected with the spreading wheel 7 through chain drives 8 to drive the spreading wheel 7 to rotate.
The feed box 3 consists of a box body 3-1, an upper guide plate 3-2, a lower guide plate 3-3 and a discharge cover plate 3-4;
the upper guide plate 3-2 is arranged at the upper right part in the feed box 3, the lower guide plate 3-3 is arranged at the lower left part in the feed box 3, and the discharge cover plate 3-4 is arranged at the rear side of the bottom of the feed box 3;
the end parts of the upper guide plate 3-2 and the lower guide plate 3-3 are provided with tooth-shaped gaps which are used for being matched with the tooth-shaped structures of the upper stirring roller 5 and the lower stirring roller 6.
The upper stirring roller 5 consists of an upper stirring shaft 5-1 and an upper stirring tooth group 5-2;
the end part of the upper stirring tooth group 5-2 is provided with a gap which is arranged in an inverted convex shape and is used for guiding the crushed materials into the material box 3 for action;
the lower stirring roller 6 is structurally provided with a lower stirring shaft 6-1 and a lower stirring tooth group 6-2 which are arranged in a concave shape and used for guiding the crushed materials into the material box 3;
the upper stirring tooth group 5-2 and the lower stirring tooth group 6-2 are mutually matched in a convex-concave way and rotate oppositely.
The spreading wheel 7 consists of a spreading shaft 7-1, a spreading disc 7-2 and spreading teeth 7-3;
the spreading teeth 7-3 are arranged at the end part of the spreading disc 7-2 and are uniformly arranged in an annular array; the spreading disks 7-2 are concentrically mounted with the spreading shaft 7-1 and are arranged in an axially symmetric uniform array along the spreading shaft 7-1.
The working principle of the scattering mechanism of the solid straw compost spreader is as follows: when the tractor works, in the advancing process of the tractor, the frame 1 is connected with a tractor suspension system in a hanging way, and the tractor pulls the machine tool to advance; the gearbox 2 is connected with a power output system of the tractor and provides power for the rotation of an upper stirring roller 5, a lower stirring roller 6 and a discharge auger 4 in the material box 3; the upper stirring roller 5 and the lower stirring roller 6 are arranged in a vertically staggered manner and rotate oppositely, so that materials are guided into the material box 3 from between the two rollers, and are further crushed and then discharged out of the spreading wheel 7 from the rear bottom of the material box 3 through the discharging auger 4; the land wheel 9 transmits power to the spreading wheel 7 through the chain transmission 8, and when the spreading wheel 7 is driven to rotate, the materials discharged by the discharging auger 4 are further chopped through the spreading teeth 7-3, and are scattered, so that the operation of spreading the materials on the surface of the soil is completed.
It is obvious that the above embodiments of the present invention are only examples for clearly illustrating the present invention, and are not limitations to the embodiments of the present invention. Other variations and modifications will be apparent to persons skilled in the art in light of the above description. Not all embodiments are exhaustive. All obvious changes or variations led out by the technical scheme of the utility model are still in the protection scope of the utility model.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides a mechanism of scattering of solid-state straw compost distributor which characterized in that: comprises a frame, a gear box, a material box, a discharging auger, an upper stirring roller, a lower stirring roller, a spreading wheel, a chain transmission and a land wheel;
the frame is articulated with a tractor suspension system to pull the frame to move forwards;
the gearbox is connected with a power output system of the tractor and provides power for the rotation of the upper stirring roller, the lower stirring roller and the discharging auger in the material box;
the feed box is positioned above the throwing wheel and is arranged on the rack, and the gearbox is arranged at the front end of the feed box;
the upper stirring roller, the lower stirring roller and the discharging auger are arranged from top to bottom;
the spreading wheel is arranged at the rear part of the lower part of the material box; the rotating shaft of the spreading wheel is horizontally arranged, one end of the rotating shaft is connected with the bearing seat, the land wheel is arranged on two sides below the rack and is connected with the spreading wheel through chain transmission to drive the spreading wheel to rotate.
2. The throwing mechanism of the solid straw compost spreader as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the material box consists of a box body, an upper guide plate, a lower guide plate and a material discharging cover plate;
the upper guide plate is arranged at the upper right part in the feed box, the lower guide plate is arranged at the lower left part in the feed box, and the discharge cover plate is arranged at the rear side of the bottom of the feed box;
and the end parts of the upper guide plate and the lower guide plate are provided with tooth-shaped notches for matching with the tooth-shaped structures on the upper stirring roller and the lower stirring roller.
3. The throwing mechanism of the solid straw compost spreader as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the upper stirring roller consists of an upper stirring shaft and an upper stirring tooth group;
the end part of the upper stirring tooth group is provided with a gap which is arranged in an inverted convex shape and is used for guiding the crushed materials into the box;
the lower stirring roller structure comprises a lower stirring shaft and a lower stirring tooth group which are arranged in a concave shape and used for guiding the crushed materials into the bin for action;
the upper stirring tooth group and the lower stirring tooth group are mutually matched in a convex-concave way and rotate oppositely.
4. The throwing mechanism of the solid straw compost spreader as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the spreading wheel consists of a spreading shaft, a spreading disc and spreading teeth;
the spreading teeth are arranged at the end part of the spreading disc and are uniformly arranged in an annular array; the distributing disks are concentrically arranged with the distributing shaft and are evenly and axially arranged along the distributing shaft in an array mode.
CN202021029492.4U 2020-06-08 2020-06-08 Throwing mechanism of solid-state straw compost applicator Active CN212629148U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021029492.4U CN212629148U (en) 2020-06-08 2020-06-08 Throwing mechanism of solid-state straw compost applicator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021029492.4U CN212629148U (en) 2020-06-08 2020-06-08 Throwing mechanism of solid-state straw compost applicator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212629148U true CN212629148U (en) 2021-03-02

Family

ID=74791295

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202021029492.4U Active CN212629148U (en) 2020-06-08 2020-06-08 Throwing mechanism of solid-state straw compost applicator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212629148U (en)

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