CN108411856A - A kind of river waste bank slope restoration of the ecosystem structure and method - Google Patents

A kind of river waste bank slope restoration of the ecosystem structure and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108411856A
CN108411856A CN201810220706.7A CN201810220706A CN108411856A CN 108411856 A CN108411856 A CN 108411856A CN 201810220706 A CN201810220706 A CN 201810220706A CN 108411856 A CN108411856 A CN 108411856A
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China
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layer
bank slope
branch
water retentive
tip material
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何孟�
龙莉
徐明曦
巨莉
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HYDRAULIC SCIENCE RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF SICHUAN PROVINCE
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HYDRAULIC SCIENCE RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF SICHUAN PROVINCE
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Priority to CN201810220706.7A priority Critical patent/CN108411856A/en
Publication of CN108411856A publication Critical patent/CN108411856A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B3/00Engineering works in connection with control or use of streams, rivers, coasts, or other marine sites; Sealings or joints for engineering works in general
    • E02B3/04Structures or apparatus for, or methods of, protecting banks, coasts, or harbours
    • E02B3/12Revetment of banks, dams, watercourses, or the like, e.g. the sea-floor
    • E02B3/122Flexible prefabricated covering elements, e.g. mats, strips

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of river waste bank slope restoration of the ecosystem structure and method, river waste bank slope restoration of the ecosystem structure includes the structures such as toe wall, concrete embankment wall, green plant layer, riding track, cistern;River waste bank slope ecological restoring method includes removing waste, and solid soil layer is then arranged, is then laid with the structures such as green plant layer, riding track, cistern successively on solid soil layer;The present invention is cooperated by various structures, interaction, can effective protection and greening environment, prevent erosion.

Description

A kind of river waste bank slope restoration of the ecosystem structure and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to ecological restoration technical fields, and in particular to a kind of river waste bank slope restoration of the ecosystem structure and side Method.
Background technology
On city suburbs and the river of mountain stream, often occur arbitrarily being stacked with a large amount of works on the ramp of river two sides Phenomena such as journey waste, construction waste or life waste material, these waste materials not only take up an area very extensively, are impacted to the environment of surrounding.
Existing ecological restoring method is typically directed to pollution and the rubbish on river bank slope surface, by removing river bank Waste on slope directly plants the methods of solid native plant such as masson pine, to carry out restoration of the ecosystem on bank slope.But work as river two sides Soil it is few or when situations such as soil texture is bad occurs, restoration of the ecosystem plant also usually is difficult to directly survive, Huo Zhesheng Long slow, existing method can not play the role of repairing ecology, prevent erosion, environmental protection.
Invention content
The present invention is directed to the above-mentioned deficiency of the prior art, and providing a kind of can effectively play that rehabilitating soil is less or soil knot The contaminated ecological environment of the undesirable river bank slope of structure, the river waste bank slope restoration of the ecosystem structure to prevent erosion and side Method.
In order to solve the above technical problems, present invention employs following technical proposals:
Provide a kind of river waste bank slope ecological restoring method comprising following steps:
Step 1: in river waste bank slope position, after removing the surface soil body on bank slope, in original soil body overlying The solid soil layer of lid setting;
Step 2: toe wall is arranged at the position of riverbed bottom in bottom bank slope, and coagulation earth embankment is set on toe wall Wall;
Step 3: the upper end edge bank slope in concrete embankment wall is laid with green plant layer;
Step 4: gutter is arranged at the position of concrete embankment wall in green plant layer, horse is laid in the green upper end for planting layer Road and lower part ecology bag heap;
Step 5: being laid with top water retentive layer on the solid soil layer of top bank slope, and tip material branch is buried in the water retentive layer of top;
Step 6: cistern is arranged in top water retentive layer upper end, permeable hole is opened up on the bottom of cistern;
Step 7: the side heap for deviateing riverbed in cistern sets top ecology bag heap.
Further, the surface soil body includes the engineering waste deposit of earth's surface and the topsoil that is in contact with waste.
Further, toe wall is set in bottom bank slope at the position of riverbed bottom, and concrete is set on toe wall The method of embankment wall includes:
Step 1: burying mortar at the position of riverbed bottom in bottom bank slope builds the toe wall that cobble is constituted;
Step 2: being located at laying resistance to erosion bed course at toe wall top position in bottom bank slope;
Step 3: from toe wall upper surface along the outside casting concrete embankment wall of resistance to erosion bed course;
Step 4: opening up several osculums on concrete embankment wall.
Further, when green plant layer includes that lower part water retentive layer, tip material bundle and branch are tied, in the upper end edge of concrete embankment wall Bank slope is laid with the green method for planting layer:
Step 1: lower part water retentive layer is arranged on the solid soil layer of concrete embankment wall upper end bank slope;
Step 2: excavating several row's irrigation canals and ditches on the water retentive layer of lower part, and tip material bundle is buried in irrigation canals and ditches;
Step 3: tying up intersection in tip material assigns the work timber tied for fixed tip material and dead-wood stake;
Step 4: embedded branch is arranged in tip material bundle position at the position of concrete embankment wall on the water retentive layer of lower part Bundle;
Step 5: being equipped with geotextiles bed course on the lower part water retentive layer of branch bundle lower section.
Further, include in the method for the green upper end laying riding track and lower part ecology bag heap for planting layer:
Step 1: burying spud pile at the green upper end for planting layer and top water retentive layer adjoining position;
Step 2: being laid with grit bed course on spud pile;
Step 3: being laid with water-permeable brick on grit bed course;
Step 4: deviateing bottom bank slope side heap in grit bed course sets portion's ecology bag heap.
Further, top ecology bag heap and lower part ecology bag heap are set by ecology bag heap and are constituted, in the ecology bag Filler is identical as top water retentive layer.
Further, it is laid with top water retentive layer on the solid soil layer of top bank slope, and buries tip material branch in water retentive layer Method includes:
Step 1: the solid soil layer in top bank slope excavates several grooves, and tip material branch is placed adjacent to riverbed side in groove;
Step 2: being laid with backfill body on solid soil layer, make the middle part of backfill soil body covering tip material branch;
Step 3: being compacted to the backfill soil body.
Further, tip material bundle is spherical in shape, and the inside of tip material bundle is filled with live body branch, and the outer wall of tip material bundle is for tying Tie up the rope made of hemp of live body branch;Branch bundle is elongated, and branch, which packs, includes several live body branches being set up in parallel, outside live body branch Side is provided with galvanized wire for fixing;Tip material branch is live body branch.
The present invention also provides a kind of river waste bank slope restoration of the ecosystem structures comprising is set to bottom bank slope close to river The toe wall of bed bottom position is provided with concrete embankment wall on toe wall, and the upper end of concrete embankment wall, which is closed at bank slope position, to be laid with There is a green plant layer, is equipped with top water retentive layer at the green upper end position for planting layer, it is green to plant layer and the lower end of water retentive layer is equipped with thickness Degree uniformly consolidates soil layer;It is provided with cistern at the upper end of top water retentive layer, permeable hole is offered on the bottom of cistern; The neighbouring side for deviateing riverbed of cistern is provided with top ecology bag heap, and water retentive layer lower end abuts and is laid with horse at the green position for planting layer Road, the side heap that bottom bank slope is deviateed on riding track are equipped with lower part ecology bag heap;It is uniformly buried in top water retentive layer and lower part water retentive layer Equipped with tip material branch.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, it is preferred that green plant layer includes lower part water retentive layer, tip material bundle and branch bundle, the tip material bundle It is embedded in the water retentive layer top of neighbouring riding track side, the lower part of branch bundle is embedded in the lower part solid water of neighbouring concrete embankment wall side Layer top.
The main advantageous effect of above-mentioned river waste bank slope ecological restoring method provided by the invention is:
By the topsoil for removing waste deposit and being in contact with waste, waste can be prevented to original soil texture Destruction, while there are the harm such as landslide, avalanche in the bank slope for avoiding being destroyed soil texture or lacking soil, and then effectively protects Demonstrate,prove the feasibility repaired;It, can be by the soil of bottom bank slope by setting gradually toe wall and concrete embankment wall upwards along bottom bank slope Body is separated with river, is prevented because of the problems such as washing away, cause soil erosion of streamflow;By in concrete embankment wall upper end edge Bank slope is laid with green plant layer, can play the role of quickly repairing bank slope surface vegetation environmental, promotes bank slope greening.
By being laid with top water retentive layer and embedded tip material branch on the bank slope of top, ensure the green of top bank slope using tip material branch Change effect, is coordinated using top water retentive layer and solid soil layer, play the effect to prevent erosion jointly, compare single laying vegetation Or the material of firm water and soil, it can improve the soil body on bank slope while firm water and soil and soil ensured to the absorbability of water Fertility can adapt to more complicated bank slope environment convenient for further afforesting and beautifying bank slope environment.
By the way that gutter is arranged at the position of concrete embankment wall in green plant layer, the rain that top bank slope receives can be converged Water and muddy water, prevent muddy water to be mixed into river, cause soil erosion, and polluted river water.
This method is suitable for city suburbs and mountain stream environment, climatic environment is bad, on river bank slope heap be equipped with it is big Amount industry and house refuse, as engineering waste deposit, especially soil lack, soil texture is destroyed, river two sides are a large amount of The environment that the green plant such as bare rock, cobblestone can not be grown naturally, there is splendid Effect of Ecological Restoration;By gathering materials on the spot, profit It uses rock, cobblestone etc. as toe wall, the raw material of concrete embankment wall, restoration of the ecosystem structure can be quickly and easily set, and Have the effect of saving cost.
The main advantageous effect of above-mentioned river waste bank slope restoration of the ecosystem structure provided by the invention is:
By the solid soil layer of laying, using solid soil layer as the base for repairing structure, it can ensure consolidating for the soil body on bank slope Degree prevents from, because original soil body is loose, causing landslide, soil erosion, influencing situations such as effect of bank slope restoration of the ecosystem.
By being laid with toe wall first in bank slope and river contact site, using toe wall as the load receiving part of restoration of the ecosystem structure, Ensure the stability of entire restoration of the ecosystem structure;By the way that concrete embankment wall is arranged on toe wall, using the waterproof special type of concrete, Washing away for the soil body streamflow of bottom bank slope is prevented, soil erosion is caused.
By the way that green plant layer and top water retentive layer is arranged in concrete embankment wall upper end, it can play and ensure soil fertility, greening The effect of environment and firm water and soil;By directly pouring plant in the upper end of top water retentive layer setting cistern and existing cistern Object is compared, and can slowly infiltrate into bank slope underlying soil through bottom of pond, to ensure soil moisture, can be played green from root guarantee The effect of moisture needed for planting, and the humidity of the soil body can be maintained, it prevents from, due to a lack of moisture, making soil hardening, again soil erosion, into And efficient hardening and guarantee afforestation effect.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of river waste bank slope restoration of the ecosystem structure.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of lower part bank slope.
Fig. 3 is the green structural schematic diagram for planting layer.
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of lower part water retentive layer.
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of ecology bag.
Fig. 6 is the connection relationship diagram of ecology bag heap.
Wherein, 1, bank slope, 2, top bank slope, 21, top ecology bag heap, 22, cistern, 23, top water retentive layer, 231, return Banket body, 24, solid soil layer, 25, lower part ecology bag heap, 250, ecology bag, 251, bag body, 252, junction button, 253, gabion, 26, Tip material branch, 3, original soil body, 4, riding track, 41, spud pile, 42, water-permeable brick, 43, grit bed course, 5, green plant layer, 51, geotechnological cloth pad Layer, 52, tip material bundle, 53, timber living, 54, dead-wood stake, 55, branch bundle, 56, lower part water retentive layer, 6, bottom bank slope, 61, draining Ditch, 62, gabion net gabion, 63, resistance to erosion bed course, 64, concrete embankment wall, 65, osculum, 66, toe wall, 7, riverbed.
Specific implementation mode
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
As shown in Figure 1, it is the schematic diagram of river waste bank slope restoration of the ecosystem structure.
A kind of river waste bank slope ecological restoring method following steps of the present invention:
After step 1, the surface soil body in 1 position of river waste bank slope, removal bank slope 1, on original soil body 3 Solid soil layer 24 is arranged in covering.
Surface soil layer includes the engineering waste deposit of earth's surface and the topsoil that is in contact with waste;It can prevent waste Destruction to original soil texture, while there is landslide, avalanche etc. in the bank slope 1 for avoiding being destroyed soil texture or lacking soil Harm, and then the feasibility of reparation is effectively ensured.
Gu soil layer 24 is the not comtaminated soil body by being formed after compacting, by the solid soil layer 24 of setting, solid soil layer 24 is utilized to make To repair the base of structure, it can ensure the stable degree of the soil body on bank slope 1, prevent, because original soil body 3 is loose, massif cunning occur Situations such as slope, soil erosion, influences 1 Effect of Ecological Restoration of bank slope.
Step 2 is arranged toe wall 66 in bottom bank slope 6 at the position of 7 bottom of riverbed, and coagulation is arranged on toe wall 66 Earth embankment wall 64.
Further, toe wall 66 is set in bottom bank slope 6 at the position of 7 bottom of riverbed, and is arranged on toe wall 66 64 method of concrete embankment wall includes the following steps:
Step 2-1, mortar is buried at the position of 7 bottom of riverbed build the toe wall 66 that cobble is constituted in bottom bank slope 6.
Toe wall 66 is embedded to river lower part certain depth, as needed desirable 1m or 2m, and the material of toe wall 66 is built for mortar The concrete that cobble fills can effectively ensure the anti-effect for blending protection against erosion.
Step 2-2, it is located at 66 top position of toe wall in bottom bank slope 6 and is laid with resistance to erosion bed course 63.
Since bottom bank slope 6 is adjacent with river, can frequently be washed away by river water, therefore, it is necessary to resistance to punching is laid on bank slope 1 Brush bed course 63 ensures the stability of 6 structure of bottom bank slope to improve the erosion resistibility of bank slope 1;Resistance to erosion bed course 63 can be selected The mixture of sandy gravel facilitates materials to save cost.
Step 2-3, from 66 upper surface of toe wall along the outside casting concrete embankment wall 64 of resistance to erosion bed course 63.
The material of concrete embankment wall 64 is identical as toe wall 66, to ensure that levee body and the anti-of levee foundation blend erosion control effect.
Step 2-4, several osculums 65 are opened up on concrete embankment wall 64.
Natural precipitation from 6 side of bottom bank slope then needs to be discharged into river, to avoid water storage, it is therefore desirable in coagulation Osculum 65 is opened up on earth embankment wall 64.
Step 2-5, gabion net gabion 62 is set in the upper end heap of concrete embankment wall 64.
Gabion net gabion 62 is to be woven into heavy galvanized hexagonal wire mesh with the alloy-steel wire of external sheath PVC or PE polymer, in net Filled with slabstone;The features such as gabion net gabion 62 has both antirust, and antistatic is anti-aging, corrosion-resistant, high resistance to compression, high shearing resistance, can have Effect resists the erosion of seawater or highly polluted environment.
Further, it is also filled with soil and grass seeds in gabion net gabion 62, it is steady with the structure for reinforcing gabion net gabion 62 It is qualitative, while there is landscape effect.
Step 3 is laid with green plant layer 5 in the upper end edge bank slope 1 of concrete embankment wall 64.
Green plant layer 5 and with the bank slope 1 of upper bit will not by river channel erosion, therefore can plant it is green plant to play greening and guarantor The effect in retaining ring border, while by the way that green plant layer is arranged, moreover it is possible to play the role of firm water and soil, improves soil property.
Further, when green plant layer 5 includes lower part water retentive layer 56, tip material bundle 52 and branch bundle 55, as shown in figure 3, The upper end edge bank slope 1 of concrete embankment wall 64 is laid with the green method for planting layer 5:
Lower part water retentive layer 56 is set step 3-1, on the solid soil layer 24 of 64 upper end bank slope 1 of concrete embankment wall.
Further, the method for setting lower part water retentive layer 56 includes the following steps:
Step 3-1-1, several grooves are excavated on the solid soil layer 24 of 64 upper end bank slope 1 of concrete embankment wall, and in groove neighbour Place tip material branch 26 in nearly 7 side of riverbed.
Step 3-1-2, it is laid with backfill body 231 on tip material branch 26, the backfill soil body 231 is made to cover in tip material branch 26 Portion.
Step 3-1-3, the backfill soil body 231 is compacted.
As shown in figure 4, by excavating groove, and the setting backfill soil body 231 and tip material branch 26 in groove on solid soil layer, It is protected by the cooperation of tip material branch 26 and the backfill soil body 231 after compacting using the moisture in the root fixing soil of tip material branch 26 Demonstrate,prove solid water effect;Wherein, the backfill soil body 231 is humus, seed and the mixture to banket, is set by being filled out on solid soil layer 24 Portion's water retentive layer 56 ensures the fertility of the 1 surface soil body of bank slope, promotes the development of green plant, seed etc., so as to long-term greening.
Step 3-2, several row's irrigation canals and ditches are excavated on lower part water retentive layer 56, and tip material bundle 52 is buried in irrigation canals and ditches.
Irrigation canals and ditches are set to backfill 231 upper surface of the soil body of lower part water retentive layer 56 or backfill on the solid soil layer 24 between the soil body 231; Tip material bundle 52 is spherical in shape, and the inside of tip material bundle 52 is filled with live body branch, and the outer wall of tip material bundle 52 is for bundling live body branch The rope made of hemp;52 are tied by the way that tip material is arranged, live body branch therein is cultivated in the way of cuttage etc., can realize the effect of fast greening Fruit.
Step 3-3, intersect work timber 53 and the dead-wood stake 54 assigned for fixed tip material bundle 52 in tip material bundle 52.
Setting timber 53 living, to provide the environment of microorganism growth, convenient for providing live body branch required root ecology Environment;Dead-wood stake 54 is set, to ensure fixed effect.
Step 3-4, on water retentive layer 23,52 positions of tip material bundle are arranged embedded at the position of concrete embankment wall 64 Branch bundle 55.
Branch bundle 55 is elongated, and branch bundle 55 includes several live body branches being set up in parallel, and is set on the outside of live body branch It is equipped with galvanized wire for fixing;The effect of branch bundle 55 and tip material bundle 52 are identical, and are more suitable for the longer green plant of limb;Branch The lower end of bundle 55 is embedded in the soil body, and upper end is located on the outside of the soil body;Branch bundle 55 is fixedly installed on lower part water retentive layer by timber On 56.
Step 3-5, it is equipped with geotextiles bed course 51 on the lower part water retentive layer 56 of 55 lower section of branch bundle.
The material of geotextiles bed course 51 is that ecological geomembrane plays solid water and heat preservation to protect branch to tie the branch in 55 Effect, to promote the growth of live body branch;Offered on geotextiles bed course 51 for branch bundle 55 by circular hole.
Gutter 62 is arranged in green plant layer 5 in step 4 at the position of concrete embankment wall 64, is spread in the green upper end for planting layer 5 If riding track 4 and lower part ecology bag heap 25.
The green extreme lower position for planting layer 5 at 64 position of concrete embankment wall where green plant, is arranged gutter 62 here, The rainwater and muddy water that the receiving of top bank slope 2 can be converged, prevent muddy water to be mixed into river, cause soil erosion, and polluted river water.
Further, include in the method for the green upper end laying riding track 4 and lower part ecology bag heap 25 for planting layer 5:
Step 4-1, spud pile 41 is buried at the green upper end for planting layer 5 and 23 adjoining position of top water retentive layer.
The green plants such as 52, soil are tied due to not being laid with tip material in the green upper end for planting layer 5 at 23 adjoining position of top water retentive layer Green plant layer 5 all smaller of the thickness of body relative to top water retentive layer 23 and lower end, and the soil body is parallel with respect to river horizontal plane.At this Both ends that are neighbouring and deviateing river at one position are respectively separated same distance and bury spud pile 41, and spud pile 41 is fined away for front end Timber.
Step 4-2, grit bed course 43 is laid on spud pile 41.
Grit bed course 43 is laid with to ensure soil levelling, and parallel with horizontal plane.
Step 4-3, it is laid with water-permeable brick 42 in 43 adjacent bottom bank slope of grit bed course, 6 side.
It is used as riding track 4 by the way that water-permeable brick 42 is arranged, on the one hand can retains rainwater, reduce evaporation;On the other hand there is scape See effect.
Step 4-4, deviate 6 side heap of bottom bank slope in grit bed course 43 and set portion's ecology bag heap 25.
Lower part ecology bag heap 25 is set by 250 heap of ecology bag, as shown in figure 5, ecology bag 250 includes bag body 251, for soil The top of work cloth bag, bag body 251 offers several apertures, and running through kind in aperture is implanted with several tip material branches 26,251 internal upper part of bag body Filled with humus, seed and the mixture to banket, the lower part in bag body 251 is provided with several gabions 253, is filled out in gabion 253 Filled with enrockment.
Ecology bag 250 has permeable soil impervious filtering feature, and filler can be prevented to be lost in and realize moisture in soil Normal communication in earth, the moisture needed for seed growth have obtained effective holding and have timely supplemented, and can make it is green plant across Bag body free growth plays the role of afforesting and beautifying the environment.
As shown in fig. 6, fixing strong structure in heaps by junction button 252 between ecology bag 250.
Step 5 is laid with top water retentive layer 23 on the solid soil layer 24 of top bank slope 2, and is buried in top water retentive layer 23 Tip material branch 26.
Tip material branch 26 is live body branch;Top bank slope 2 is because relatively far away from from river, therefore water content is less in the soil body, Only setting tip material branch 26, and it is not provided with tip material bundle 52 and branch bundle 55, to ensure survival rate.
Further, the method for setting top water retentive layer 23 is identical as the setting method of lower part water retentive layer 56, step packet It includes:
Step 5-1, several grooves are excavated in the solid soil layer 24 of top bank slope 2, and the tip is placed adjacent to 7 side of riverbed in groove Expect branch 26.
Step 5-2, it is laid with backfill body 231 on tip material branch 26, the backfill soil body 231 is made to cover the middle part of tip material branch 26.
Step 5-3, the backfill soil body 231 is compacted.
As shown in figure 4, since the water content of soil of top bank slope 2 is less, the major part of tip material branch 26 is embedded in In the soil body, to ensure that live body branch can be drawn into enough water sources in top water retentive layer 23 and solid soil layer 24, and subtract Few evaporation capacity, to promote to grow;Top water retentive layer 23 is compacted, to ensure the stability of 2 soil body of top bank slope.
Cistern 22 is arranged in 23 upper end of top water retentive layer in step 6, and permeable hole is opened up on the bottom of cistern 22.
Step 7, the side heap for deviateing riverbed 7 in cistern 22 set top ecology bag heap 21.
It is compared with the direct irrigating plant of existing cistern by the way that cistern 22 is arranged in the upper end of top water retentive layer 23, energy The permeable hole for enough penetrating bottom of pond slowly infiltrates into the underlying soil on bank slope 1, to ensure soil moisture, can play from root Ensure the effect of moisture needed for green plant, and the humidity of the soil body can be maintained, prevents from, due to a lack of moisture, making soil hardening, again water and soil It is lost in, and then efficient hardening and guarantee afforestation effect.
Here is the river waste bank slope restoration of the ecosystem using waste bank slope ecological restoring method in river provided by the invention The explanation of structure, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2.
River waste bank slope restoration of the ecosystem structure provided by the invention, including bottom bank slope 6 is set to close to 7 bottom of riverbed Toe wall 66 at position, concrete embankment wall 64 is provided on toe wall 66, and concrete embankment wall 64 is set adjacent to the side of original soil body 3 pad There are resistance to erosion bed course 63, resistance to erosion bed course 63 that the mixture of sandy gravel can be selected, to save cost, facilitates materials;Coagulation earth embankment Several osculums 65 are offered on wall 64;The upper end of concrete embankment wall 64 is equipped with gutter 61, and gutter 61 is adjacent to toe wall 66 Side heap be equipped with gabion net gabion 62.
By the way that gutter 62 is arranged, the rainwater and muddy water of the receiving of top bank slope 2 can be converged, muddy water is prevented to be mixed into river In, cause soil erosion, and polluted river water.
Gabion net gabion 62 is to be woven into heavy galvanized hexagonal wire mesh with the alloy-steel wire of external sheath PVC or PE polymer, in net Filled with slabstone;The features such as gabion net gabion 62 has both antirust, and antistatic is anti-aging, corrosion-resistant, high resistance to compression, high shearing resistance, can have Effect resists the erosion of seawater or highly polluted environment;It is also filled with soil and grass seeds in gabion net gabion 62, to reinforce gabion net The structural stability of gabion 62, while there is landscape effect.
The upper end of concrete embankment wall 64, which is closed at 1 position of bank slope, is equipped with green plant layer 5, as shown in figure 3, green plant layer 5 includes Lower part water retentive layer 56, tip material bundle 52 and branch bundle 55, as shown in figure 4, lower part water retentive layer 56 include open up on solid soil layer 24 Groove, the side that riverbed 7 is closed in groove are provided with tip material branch 26, backfill body 231 are covered on tip material branch 26;Tip material bundle 52 It is embedded in 56 top of lower part water retentive layer of 2 side of adjacent upper portions bank slope, the lower part of branch bundle 55 is embedded in neighbouring concrete embankment wall 56 top of lower part water retentive layer of 64 sides.
Tip material bundle 52 is spherical in shape, and the inside of tip material bundle 52 is filled with live body branch, and the outer wall of tip material bundle 52, which is arranged with, to be used for Bundle the rope made of hemp of live body branch;Branch bundle 55 is elongated, and branch bundle 55 includes several live body branches being set up in parallel, live body branch The outer sheath of item is equipped with galvanized wire for fixing.
It is equipped with geotextiles bed course 51 on the lower part water retentive layer 56 of 55 lower section of branch bundle, to protect branch to tie the branch in 55 Item plays the role of solid water and heat preservation, to promote the growth of live body branch;It is offered on geotextiles bed course 51 logical for branch bundle 55 The circular hole crossed.
Lower part water retentive layer 56 is the mixture bed course being uniformly layed on solid soil layer 24, and the material of lower part water retentive layer 56 is corruption Grow matter, seed and the mixture to banket;Portion's water retentive layer 56 is set by being filled out on solid soil layer 24, ensures the 1 surface soil body of bank slope Fertility promotes the development of green plant, seed etc., so as to long-term greening.
Top water retentive layer 23, top water retentive layer 23 and lower part water retentive layer 56 are equipped at the green upper end position for planting layer 5 Structure is identical;The lower end of green plant layer 5 and top water retentive layer 23 is equipped with solid soil layer 24 in homogeneous thickness.
Gu soil layer 24 is uniformly arranged along the bottom of the top bottom set portion bank slope 6 of top bank slope 2;Gu soil layer 24 be not by The soil body is polluted by being formed after compacting, by the solid soil layer 24 of setting, using solid soil layer 24 as the base for repairing structure, Neng Goubao The stable degree for demonstrate,proving the soil body on bank slope 1 prevents from, because original soil body 3 is loose, causing landslide, soil erosion, influencing the life of bank slope 1 Situations such as effect of state reparation.
Cistern 22 is provided at the upper end of top water retentive layer 23, the side that cistern 22 deviates riverbed 7 is provided with Top ecology bag heap 21,23 lower end of top water retentive layer abut and are laid with riding track 4 at the green position for planting layer 5, and riding track 4 includes uniformly being laid with Water-permeable brick 42,42 lower surface adjoiner of water-permeable brick is equipped with grit bed course 43, and the downside of grit bed course 43 is provided with spud pile 41。
On riding track 4 deviate bottom bank slope 6 side heap be equipped with lower part ecology bag heap 25, the structure of lower part ecology bag heap 25 with Top ecology bag heap 21 is identical, and lower part ecology bag heap 25 is set by 250 heap of ecology bag, as shown in figure 5, ecology bag 250 includes Bag body 251, for geotechnological cloth bag, the top of bag body 251 offers several apertures, and several tip material branches 26 are implanted with through kind in aperture, Bag 251 internal upper part of body is filled with humus, seed and the mixture to banket, and the lower part in bag body 251 is provided with several gabions 253, gabion 253 is interior to be filled with enrockment;As shown in fig. 6, fixing strong structure in heaps by junction button 252 between ecology bag 250.
Tip material branch 26 is uniformly embedded in top water retentive layer 23;Since the water content of soil of top bank slope 2 is less, need The major part of tip material branch 26 is embedded in the soil body, to ensure that it is enough from top water retentive layer that live body branch can be drawn into 23 and solid soil layer 24 in water source, and evaporation capacity is reduced, to promote to grow.
The specific implementation mode of the present invention is described above, in order to facilitate understanding by those skilled in the art this hair It is bright, it should be apparent that the present invention is not limited to the ranges of specific implementation mode, for those skilled in the art, As long as various change is in the spirit and scope of the present invention that the attached claims limit and determine, these variations are aobvious and easy See, all are using the innovation and creation of present inventive concept in the row of protection.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of river waste bank slope ecological restoring method comprising following steps:
Step 1: in river waste bank slope position, after removing the surface soil body on bank slope, in original soil body (3) overlying The solid soil layer (24) of lid setting;
Step 2: the setting toe wall (66) at position of the bottom bank slope (6) close to riverbed (7) bottom, and set on toe wall (66) Set concrete embankment wall (64);
Step 3: the upper end edge bank slope in concrete embankment wall (64) is laid with green plant layer (5);
Step 4: gutter (62) are arranged at the position of the neighbouring concrete embankment wall (64) of green plant layer (5), in green plant layer (5) Upper end is laid with riding track (4) and lower part ecology bag heap (25);
Step 5: top water retentive layer (23) is laid on the solid soil layer (24) of top bank slope (2), and in top water retentive layer (23) Embedded tip material branch (26);
Step 6: in top water retentive layer (23) upper end setting cistern (22), permeable hole is opened up on the bottom of cistern (22);
Step 7: the side heap for deviateing riverbed (7) in cistern (22) sets top ecology bag heap (21).
2. waste bank slope ecological restoring method in river according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the surface soil body includes The engineering waste deposit of earth's surface and the topsoil being in contact with waste.
3. waste bank slope ecological restoring method in river according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described in bottom bank slope (6) toe wall (66) is set at the position of riverbed (7) bottom, and the method for concrete embankment wall (64) is set on toe wall (66) Including:
Step 1: burying mortar at position of the bottom bank slope (6) close to riverbed (7) bottom builds the toe wall (66) that cobble is constituted;
It is laid with resistance to erosion bed course (63) Step 2: being located at toe wall (66) top position in bottom bank slope (6);
Step 3: from toe wall (66) upper surface along the outside casting concrete embankment wall (64) of resistance to erosion bed course (63);
Step 4: opening up several osculums (65) on concrete embankment wall (64);
Step 5: the upper end heap in concrete embankment wall (64) sets gabion net gabion (62).
4. waste bank slope ecological restoring method in river according to claim 1, which is characterized in that when the green plant layer (5) When tying (55) including lower part water retentive layer (56), tip material bundle (52) and branch, it is laid in the upper end edge bank slope of concrete embankment wall (64) It is green plant layer (5) method include:
Step 1: lower part water retentive layer (56) is arranged on the solid soil layer (24) of concrete embankment wall (64) upper end bank slope;
Step 2: excavating several row's irrigation canals and ditches on lower part water retentive layer (56), and tip material bundle (52) is buried in irrigation canals and ditches;
Step 3: intersecting work timber (53) and the dead-wood stake (54) assigned and tie (52) for fixed tip material in tip material bundle (52);
Step 4: tip material bundle (52) position is arranged at the position of concrete embankment wall (64) on lower part water retentive layer (56) Embedded branch bundle (55);
Step 5: branch is tied is equipped with geotextiles bed course (51) on the lower part water retentive layer (56) below (55).
5. waste bank slope ecological restoring method in river according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described in green plant layer (5) Upper end be laid with riding track (4) and the method for lower part ecology bag heap (25) includes:
Step 1: burying spud pile (41) at the upper end of green plant layer (5) and top water retentive layer (23) adjoining position;
Step 2: being laid with grit bed course (43) on spud pile (41);
Step 3: being laid with water-permeable brick (42) on grit bed course (43);
Step 4: deviateing bottom bank slope (6) side heap in grit bed course (43) sets portion's ecology bag heap (25).
6. waste bank slope ecological restoring method in river according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the top ecology bag heap (21) it is set and is constituted by ecology bag (250) heap with lower part ecology bag heap (25), the filler in the ecology bag (250) and lower part Water retentive layer (56) is identical.
7. waste bank slope ecological restoring method in river according to claim 4, which is characterized in that described in top bank slope (2) it is laid with top water retentive layer (23) on solid soil layer (24), and buries the method for tip material branch (26) in top water retentive layer (23) Including:
Step 1: the solid soil layer (24) in top bank slope (2) excavates several grooves, and placed adjacent to riverbed (7) side in groove Tip material branch (26);
Step 2: being laid with backfill body (231) on solid soil layer (24), the backfill soil body (231) is made to cover in tip material branch (26) Portion;
Step 3: being compacted to the backfill soil body (231).
8. waste bank slope ecological restoring method in river according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the tip material ties (52) and is in Spherical shape, the inside that tip material ties (52) are filled with live body branch, and the outer wall that tip material ties (52) is the rope made of hemp for bundling live body branch; The branch bundle (55) is elongated, and it includes several live body branches being set up in parallel that branch, which ties (55), is set on the outside of live body branch It is equipped with galvanized wire for fixing;The tip material branch (26) is live body branch.
9. a kind of river waste bank slope restoration of the ecosystem structure, which is characterized in that including being set to bottom bank slope (6) close to riverbed (7) the toe wall (66) of bottom position is provided with concrete embankment wall (64) on toe wall (66), and the upper end of concrete embankment wall (64) is faced Green plant layer (5) is equipped at the position of offshore slope, the green lower end for planting layer (5) is equipped at the upper end position of green plant layer (5) and spreads Equipped with top water retentive layer (23), the lower end of green plant layer (5) and top water retentive layer (23) is equipped with solid soil layer (24) in homogeneous thickness;
It is provided with cistern (22) at the upper end of the top water retentive layer (23), is opened up on the bottom of the cistern (22) There is permeable hole;The side that cistern (22) deviates riverbed (7) is provided with top ecology bag heap (21), the adjoining of water retentive layer (23) lower end Riding track (4) is laid at the green position for planting layer (5), the side heap that bottom bank slope (6) is deviateed on riding track (4) is equipped with lower part ecology bag heap (25);It is uniformly embedded with tip material branch (26) in the top water retentive layer (23) and lower part water retentive layer (56).
10. river waste bank slope restoration of the ecosystem structure according to claim 9, which is characterized in that green plant layer (5) packet Lower part water retentive layer (56), tip material bundle (52) and branch bundle (55) are included, the tip material bundle (52) is embedded in neighbouring riding track (4) side Lower part water retentive layer (56) top, the lower part of the branch bundle (55) are embedded in the lower part solid water of neighbouring concrete embankment wall (64) side Layer (56) top.
CN201810220706.7A 2018-03-16 2018-03-16 A kind of river waste bank slope restoration of the ecosystem structure and method Pending CN108411856A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112343081A (en) * 2020-10-30 2021-02-09 北京中地华安地质勘查有限公司 Pipeline protection method and structure
CN112544157A (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-03-26 河南省水利勘测设计研究有限公司 Method for building reservoir dam waste slag yard habitat
CN113640490A (en) * 2021-10-18 2021-11-12 四川省水利科学研究院 River and lake water ecological environment monitoring device, system and method based on Internet of things

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112343081A (en) * 2020-10-30 2021-02-09 北京中地华安地质勘查有限公司 Pipeline protection method and structure
CN112544157A (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-03-26 河南省水利勘测设计研究有限公司 Method for building reservoir dam waste slag yard habitat
CN113640490A (en) * 2021-10-18 2021-11-12 四川省水利科学研究院 River and lake water ecological environment monitoring device, system and method based on Internet of things
CN113640490B (en) * 2021-10-18 2022-01-28 四川省水利科学研究院 River and lake water ecological environment monitoring device, system and method based on Internet of things

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