CN110424421A - Abandoned mine raised fields goes along with sb. to guard him ecological restoring method - Google Patents

Abandoned mine raised fields goes along with sb. to guard him ecological restoring method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110424421A
CN110424421A CN201910728802.7A CN201910728802A CN110424421A CN 110424421 A CN110424421 A CN 110424421A CN 201910728802 A CN201910728802 A CN 201910728802A CN 110424421 A CN110424421 A CN 110424421A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
stone
raised fields
guard
abandoned mine
soil
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910728802.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
姚岗
孔庆雷
姚江
陈卫连
吴麟
周珂
胡嘉楠
朱林
陈霞
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
JIANGSU SHANSHUI ENVIRONMENT CONSTRUCTION GROUP Co Ltd
Original Assignee
JIANGSU SHANSHUI ENVIRONMENT CONSTRUCTION GROUP Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by JIANGSU SHANSHUI ENVIRONMENT CONSTRUCTION GROUP Co Ltd filed Critical JIANGSU SHANSHUI ENVIRONMENT CONSTRUCTION GROUP Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910728802.7A priority Critical patent/CN110424421A/en
Publication of CN110424421A publication Critical patent/CN110424421A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B79/00Methods for working soil
    • A01B79/02Methods for working soil combined with other agricultural processing, e.g. fertilising, planting
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D17/00Excavations; Bordering of excavations; Making embankments
    • E02D17/20Securing of slopes or inclines
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D29/00Independent underground or underwater structures; Retaining walls
    • E02D29/02Retaining or protecting walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03FSEWERS; CESSPOOLS
    • E03F3/00Sewer pipe-line systems
    • E03F3/04Pipes or fittings specially adapted to sewers
    • E03F3/046Open sewage channels

Abstract

Go along with sb. to guard him ecological restoring method the invention discloses a kind of abandoned mine raised fields, including raised fields finishing, set drainage ditch, retaining wall is built, local slope surface linked network is sowed grass seeds by duster, agricultural plantation earthen backfill and soil improvement and ecologic planting.Construction site layout of the present invention is reasonable, construction process clear and definite, and scene is cut securely and reliably using large-scale modern mechanical, float stone cleaning, machinery;Using the stone block building retaining wall cut, the solid soil of three dimension geotechnical gauze pad grass planting increases massif facade greening area, promotes the sense of environment Overall View and ecological aesthetic feeling.Present invention could apply to the reparations that ground, city wasteland etc. are abandoned in abandoned mine, the sinking land in coalmining areas, stone pit, realize the secondary use of land resource.

Description

Abandoned mine raised fields goes along with sb. to guard him ecological restoring method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of abandoned mine raised fields to go along with sb. to guard him ecological restoring method, belongs to ecological restoration technical field.
Background technique
At this stage, the remaining abandoned mine in outskirts of a town region, the small-sized mining area in small towns etc., repaired area is small, and repair rate is low.It is right Abandoned mine carry out land reclamation, it is multiple it is green be with alleviating people contradiction, rationally utilize land resource, a Xiang Chong of optimization of ecological environment Behave is wanted, it is significant.Restoration of the ecosystem is the secondary use to abandoned mine, and the multiple green mode of mine bare side sloping mainly has fish The plantation of squama hole, planting trough are green etc. again.Fish-scale pit plantation, greening face is unbalanced, should not use in smooth slope surface, the utilization reclaimed Efficiency and the economic benefit is not high;Planting trough is multiple green, and difficulty of construction is big, and slope surface weathering, reinforcement corrosion etc. may cause partial collapse, There are security risks, should not be used in the positions such as the frequent highway of mankind's activity, premises perimeter.It is for above situation it is found that current Restoration of the ecosystem needs to solve the problems, such as that green percentage is low, afforestation effect is unobvious, it is low to cultivate and utilize rate again.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of abandoned mine raised fields and goes along with sb. to guard him ecological restoring method, with solve green percentage is low, afforestation effect not Obviously, the low problem of rate is cultivated and utilized again.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention, which provides a kind of abandoned mine raised fields, goes along with sb. to guard him ecological restoring method, feature It is, comprising:
Raised fields finishing: massif stone riprap is arranged into terraced fields form, every grade of place is flattened and is compacted;
If drainage ditch: setting gutter in massif raised fields field face;
Retaining wall is built: in the outer masonry block stone gravity retaining wall of every grade of raised fields;
Local slope surface linked network is sowed grass seeds by duster: using the solid soil of three dimension geotechnical gauze pad grass planting, spraying mixing material to slope surface;
Agricultural plantation earthen backfill and soil improvement: raised fields field face backfills agricultural planting soil, improves to soil body physicochemical property;
Ecologic planting: green plants are planted in raised fields field face.
Further, the massif is designed as high outside and low outside form, and inclination angle is 5 ~ 10 °.
Further, the specific setting method of the drainage ditch are as follows:
Positioning, levelling unwrapping wire are measured first, and positioning excavation width, depth and excavation range are cut the earth by unwrapping wire staged and layered;
Excavate Shi Youshen and shallow, slope surface reserve protective layer, then manually repairs slope, levelling, rolls after irrigation canals and ditches excavation, and compactness is 93% More than, bottom and corner part compacting;
It is laid with stone-laying layer, stone-laying layer divides into blotter, and stone masonry sets deformation joint.
Further, the retaining wall is built method particularly includes: stone-laying is built using paving slurry processes, before paving, by stone Material watering is wet, and when masonry, stone layering is sleeping to be built, and the upper and lower fissure of displacement is inside and outside to take block.
It further, include planting soil, organic fertilizer, water-retaining agent, water, mass ratio to the mixed-matrix that slope surface is sprayed For 8.6:0.5:0.1:0.8, according to vegetable seeds characteristic and it is actually needed into mixed-matrix and adds vegetable seeds.
Further, every square metre of agricultural planting soil uses peat 8kg, decomposed cake fertilizer 2kg.
Further, further include that float stone cleaning and machinery are cut before raised fields finishing: float stone is carried out to the surface of a wound of abandoned mine Cleaning, carries out earthwork evacuation with excavator, surface of a wound float stone is cleared up to level-one platform and is centrally placed, earthwork evacuation construction, Including loosening, being crushed, digging dress, transport is slagged tap.
It further, further include that crack is repaired: the crack for being 20-50cm for width, first fracture before raised fields finishing Two sides carry out topsoil stripping, store up nearby, then take soil or stone nearby, fill crack, finally carry out surface soil reply, and carry out Prepartion of land;It is greater than the crack of 50cm for width, pitted skin will be dug out at the crack that need to be repaired with pneumatic pick, depth is not less than Then 20cm is rinsed well with high-pressure blast, water, then filled and led up with M7.5 mortar.
Advantageous effects of the invention:
(1) abandoned mine is cut, is cleared up using large-scale modern mechanical progress float stone, is made full use of terraced fields topography, is substituted with this quick-fried Broken way will reduce in this way on the threat of periphery underground installation and reach the low influence exploitation purpose of adaptation to local conditions, save and protect Protect measure cost;Deserted mountain it is multiple it is green after, become local nature tourism sight spot, increase income, economic benefit to be local Significantly.
(2) restoration of the ecosystem of abandoned mine, not only ensure that the stabilization of original place shape, but also form the Landscape of characteristic, close Land resource is utilized in reason, increases Regional Urban Greening area, reduces fugitive dust sand, hence it is evident that quality of improving the ecological environment realizes soil The sustainable development of resource.
(3) the mechanical block stone cut has saved project cost, has also shortened the duration for the masonry of retaining wall.Part It is sowed grass seeds by duster using linked network and carries out the solid soil of grass planting, increased Regional Urban Greening area, realize the secondary use of abandoned mine.It eliminates discarded The security risks such as the existing landslide landslide in mine, have ensured local people's security of the lives and property.
Specific embodiment
The invention will be further described below.Following embodiment is only used for clearly illustrating technical side of the invention Case, and not intended to limit the protection scope of the present invention.
The present invention provides a kind of abandoned mine raised fields and goes along with sb. to guard him ecological restoring method, comprising the following steps:
1. float stone cleaning, machinery are cut
Float stone cleaning is carried out to the surface of a wound of abandoned mine, earthwork evacuation is carried out with excavator, surface of a wound float stone is cleared up to level-one Platform is centrally placed, earthwork evacuation construction, including loosens, is crushed, dig dress, transport the processes such as slag tap.
(1) excavator, scraper, transporter etc. answer cooperation, every operation such as are dug, filled, transported, unloaded, wherein When more excavators excavate together, spacing should be greater than 10m.
(2) earthwork evacuation layer and section should be carried out successively from top to bottom, forbid from bottom to top or take the excavation hung by the feet Method.Every layer of cutting depth controls the soil layer being disintegrated in 2.5-3m, easy-weathering, cannot backfill in time after excavation, should retain guarantor Sheath.Heavy loading object must not be stacked within area edge 2m by excavating, and to the construction machinery of temporary storage, unit area must not exceed 2t, Prevent landslide from toppling.
2. crack is repaired
(1) restorative procedure based on artificial administer, supplemented by machinery improvement is taken in the crack for being 20-50cm for width, right first Crack two sides carry out topsoil stripping, store up nearby, then take soil or stone nearby, fill crack, finally carry out surface soil reply, and Carry out prepartion of land;
(2) it is greater than the crack of 50cm for width, can will digs out pitted skin at the crack that need to be repaired with pneumatic pick, depth is not preferably less than Then 20cm is rinsed well with high-pressure blast, water, then filled and led up with M7.5 mortar.
3. raised fields is modified
Massif stone riprap is arranged into terraced fields form, every grade of height difference 1-2m flattens every grade of place, the wide 50m in raised fields field face, massif middle and upper part It is relatively steep, it is designed as high outside and low outside form, about 5 ° of inclination angle, to prevent erosion.Side slope is artificial using excavator cooperation, by setting It counts ratio of slope and carries out hanging wire trimming, brush away extra-fill part from top to bottom, carry out raised fields trimming compacting, modify thickness 2-2.5m.Slope surface It is compacted using compacting machine, the raised fields after trimming reaches that turning point crest line is obvious, straightway is smooth, curved section is smooth.
4. setting drainage ditch
Follow from top to bottom, the principle constructed of point bench, drainage system is cut on setting periphery.Massif raised fields field face at interval of 500m2If a longitudinal drainage ditch, road side sets gutter, each long 30m in branch gutter, wide 50cm, deep 0.5m, the flare gradient It is not preferably less than 2%, makes the water in massif on gutter flow to road at the foot of the hill, the gutter along road avris is discharged to low-lying area Ground is then discharged to urban road drainage system.
(1) positioning is measured first, levelling unwrapping wire positions excavation width 50m, depth 0.5m, and excavates range, by putting Line piecemeal (section) layering is cut the earth.
(2) Shi Youshen is excavated and shallow, slope surface will control reserved 20cm protective layer, then manually repair slope, levelling, to guarantee slope The face gradient is correct, and avoiding backbreaking is disturbed with soil layer.Irrigation canals and ditches roll after excavating, and compactness is 93% or more, bottom and corner Position is compacted using frog hammer.
(3) stone-laying partial size is not preferably less than 30cm, and when masonry should make big face vertical with field face, each other panelling, bottom-up block It builds.Stone-laying layer divides into blotter, to prevent grogs to be lost.Stone masonry should set deformation joint, and spacing is 10 ~ 15m, and slit width about 10 ~ 30mm。
5. retaining wall is built
To prevent massif from landslide landslide occurs, in the outer masonry block stone gravity retaining wall of every grade of raised fields, the high 2m of barricade, width For 1.2m.
(1) building stones: the necessary quality of masonry building stones is hard, fresh, must not have exfoliation layer or crackle, basic physical mechanics refer to Mark should meet design code.Building stones are gathered materials on the spot, the block stone cut using front machinery, are reduced and are abandoned the outer freight volume of stone.It is answered before masonry Clean up the impurity such as the dirt on surface.It is required that building stones upper and lower surface is substantially flat and parallel, no wedge angle, featheredge, block thickness are greater than 20cm。
(2) cementing material: mainly having a cement mortar and concrete, cement mortar by cement, sand, the cooperation of water certain proportion and At cement grade is not less than 32.5 grades, and the degree of sinking to of cement mortar should be controlled in 4~6cm.
Stone-laying is built using paving slurry processes, before paving, building stones is sprinkled water wet, is fully absorbed its surface, but must not be residual Stay ponding, when masonry, stone should be layered sleeping block, and the upper and lower fissure of displacement is inside and outside to take block, and the gray seam thickness of masonry should be 15~30mm.
6. local slope surface linked network is sowed grass seeds by duster
In slope surface of the massif gradient greater than 30 °, progress linked network is sowed grass seeds by duster, solid native using three dimension geotechnical gauze pad grass planting, internal soil, Gravel etc. can protect native face from the erosion of the natural phenomenas such as wind and rain, avoid the landslide of small area landslide, the grass after growing up to Firmly green composite protection layer, injection mixed-matrix average thickness are 6-8cm, mixing for the formation such as skin and geotechnological gauze pad, soil Matrix includes planting soil, organic fertilizer, water-retaining agent, water, mass ratio 8.6:0.5:0.1:0.8, according to vegetable seeds spy It property and is actually needed into mixed-matrix and adds vegetable seeds.
7. agricultural plantation earthen backfill and soil improvement
Raised fields field face backfills the thick agricultural planting soil of 850-1100mm, improves to soil body physicochemical property, realizes zoology green-recovery.Often Square planting soil uses peat 8kg, decomposed cake fertilizer 2kg, adjusts soil N/C structure, carries out soil improvement.
8. ecologic planting
Ecologic planting is the efficient planting patterns for combining ecological benefits and economic benefit, is established by restoration of the ecosystem benign Substance circulating system, combines ecological construction and agricultural development, and plantation meets the crops of local growth conditions, has both realized pair The secondary use of land resource beautifies local environment, more promotes economic sustainable development, brings certain economic effect Benefit.
Construction site layout of the present invention is reasonable, construction process clear and definite, and using large-scale modern mechanical, float stone is clear at scene Reason, for explosion massif, machinery is cut securely and reliably.
The present invention increases massif facade greening using the stone block building retaining wall cut, the solid soil of three dimension geotechnical gauze pad grass planting Area promotes the sense of environment Overall View and ecological aesthetic feeling.
It is real present invention could apply to the reparation that ground, city wasteland etc. are abandoned in abandoned mine, the sinking land in coalmining areas, stone pit The secondary use of existing land resource.
The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the ordinary skill people of the art For member, without departing from the technical principles of the invention, several improvement and deformations can also be made, these improvement and deformations Also it should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. abandoned mine raised fields goes along with sb. to guard him ecological restoring method, characterized in that include:
Raised fields finishing: massif stone riprap is arranged into terraced fields form, every grade of place is flattened and is compacted;
If drainage ditch: setting gutter in massif raised fields field face;
Retaining wall is built: in the outer masonry block stone gravity retaining wall of every grade of raised fields;
Local slope surface linked network is sowed grass seeds by duster: using the solid soil of three dimension geotechnical gauze pad grass planting, spraying mixed-matrix to slope surface;
Agricultural plantation earthen backfill and soil improvement: raised fields field face backfills agricultural planting soil, improves to soil body physicochemical property;
Ecologic planting: green plants are planted in raised fields field face.
2. abandoned mine raised fields according to claim 1 goes along with sb. to guard him ecological restoring method, characterized in that the massif is designed as High outside and low outside form, inclination angle are 5 ~ 10 °.
3. abandoned mine raised fields according to claim 1 goes along with sb. to guard him ecological restoring method, characterized in that the drainage ditch Specific setting method are as follows:
Positioning, levelling unwrapping wire are measured first, and positioning excavation width, depth and excavation range are cut the earth by unwrapping wire staged and layered;
Excavate Shi Youshen and shallow, slope surface reserve protective layer, then manually repairs slope, levelling, rolls after irrigation canals and ditches excavation, and compactness is 93% More than, bottom and corner part compacting;
It is laid with stone-laying layer, stone-laying layer divides into blotter, and stone masonry sets deformation joint.
4. abandoned mine raised fields according to claim 1 goes along with sb. to guard him ecological restoring method, characterized in that the retaining wall is built Method particularly includes: stone-laying is built using paving slurry processes, before paving, building stones is sprinkled water wet, and when masonry, stone layering is sleeping to be built, The upper and lower fissure of displacement, it is inside and outside to take block.
5. abandoned mine raised fields according to claim 1 goes along with sb. to guard him ecological restoring method, characterized in that sprays to slope surface is mixed Closing matrix includes planting soil, organic fertilizer, water-retaining agent, water, mass ratio 8.6:0.5:0.1:0.8, according to vegetable seeds It characteristic and is actually needed into mixed-matrix and adds vegetable seeds.
6. abandoned mine raised fields according to claim 1 goes along with sb. to guard him ecological restoring method, characterized in that every square metre agricultural kind It plants soil and uses peat 8kg, decomposed cake fertilizer 2kg.
7. abandoned mine raised fields according to claim 1 goes along with sb. to guard him ecological restoring method, characterized in that also wrapped before raised fields finishing It includes float stone cleaning and machinery is cut: float stone cleaning being carried out to the surface of a wound of abandoned mine, earthwork evacuation is carried out with excavator, will create Face float stone is cleared up to level-one platform and is centrally placed, earthwork evacuation construction, including is loosened, is crushed, dig dress, transporting and slag tap.
8. abandoned mine raised fields according to claim 1 goes along with sb. to guard him ecological restoring method, characterized in that also wrapped before raised fields finishing Include crack reparation: the crack for being 20-50cm for width, first fracture two sides carry out topsoil stripping, store up nearby, then Soil or stone are closely taken, crack is filled, finally carries out surface soil reply, and carry out prepartion of land;It is greater than the crack of 50cm for width, Pitted skin will be dug out at the crack that need to be repaired with pneumatic pick, depth is not less than 20cm, is then rinsed well with high-pressure blast, water, It is filled and led up again with M7.5 mortar.
CN201910728802.7A 2019-08-08 2019-08-08 Abandoned mine raised fields goes along with sb. to guard him ecological restoring method Pending CN110424421A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111549748A (en) * 2020-04-24 2020-08-18 中国地质大学(武汉) Gravity type gabion structure-based mine ecological comprehensive restoration method

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104818721A (en) * 2015-03-24 2015-08-05 中国地质大学(北京) Geological environment treatment method suitable for steep wall and deep pit type abandoned mine
CN106168030A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-11-30 西北大学 A kind of Loess Landslide countermeasure system based on restoration of the ecosystem
CN106193066A (en) * 2016-08-01 2016-12-07 西北大学 A kind of Loess landslide administering method based on restoration of the ecosystem
CN109392582A (en) * 2018-11-28 2019-03-01 深圳园林股份有限公司 A kind of massif slope surface implantation methods

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104818721A (en) * 2015-03-24 2015-08-05 中国地质大学(北京) Geological environment treatment method suitable for steep wall and deep pit type abandoned mine
CN106168030A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-11-30 西北大学 A kind of Loess Landslide countermeasure system based on restoration of the ecosystem
CN106193066A (en) * 2016-08-01 2016-12-07 西北大学 A kind of Loess landslide administering method based on restoration of the ecosystem
CN109392582A (en) * 2018-11-28 2019-03-01 深圳园林股份有限公司 A kind of massif slope surface implantation methods

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111549748A (en) * 2020-04-24 2020-08-18 中国地质大学(武汉) Gravity type gabion structure-based mine ecological comprehensive restoration method

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Application publication date: 20191108

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