CN108251159A - A kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification process integral box - Google Patents

A kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification process integral box Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108251159A
CN108251159A CN201810139158.5A CN201810139158A CN108251159A CN 108251159 A CN108251159 A CN 108251159A CN 201810139158 A CN201810139158 A CN 201810139158A CN 108251159 A CN108251159 A CN 108251159A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pyrolysis furnace
cracking
rubbish
feeding passage
ring
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Granted
Application number
CN201810139158.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108251159B (en
Inventor
谢琦
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Hunan Shang Wei Energy Environmental Protection Co Ltd
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Hunan Shang Wei Energy Environmental Protection Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810139158.5A priority Critical patent/CN108251159B/en
Publication of CN108251159A publication Critical patent/CN108251159A/en
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Publication of CN108251159B publication Critical patent/CN108251159B/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J3/00Production of combustible gases containing carbon monoxide from solid carbonaceous fuels
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J3/00Production of combustible gases containing carbon monoxide from solid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10J3/72Other features
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J3/00Production of combustible gases containing carbon monoxide from solid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10J3/72Other features
    • C10J3/82Gas withdrawal means
    • C10J3/84Gas withdrawal means with means for removing dust or tar from the gas
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J2200/00Details of gasification apparatus
    • C10J2200/15Details of feeding means
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J2200/00Details of gasification apparatus
    • C10J2200/36Moving parts inside the gasification reactor not otherwise provided for
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J2300/00Details of gasification processes
    • C10J2300/09Details of the feed, e.g. feeding of spent catalyst, inert gas or halogens
    • C10J2300/0903Feed preparation
    • C10J2300/0906Physical processes, e.g. shredding, comminuting, chopping, sorting
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J2300/00Details of gasification processes
    • C10J2300/09Details of the feed, e.g. feeding of spent catalyst, inert gas or halogens
    • C10J2300/0913Carbonaceous raw material
    • C10J2300/0946Waste, e.g. MSW, tires, glass, tar sand, peat, paper, lignite, oil shale
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J2300/00Details of gasification processes
    • C10J2300/09Details of the feed, e.g. feeding of spent catalyst, inert gas or halogens
    • C10J2300/0953Gasifying agents
    • C10J2300/0956Air or oxygen enriched air
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J2300/00Details of gasification processes
    • C10J2300/09Details of the feed, e.g. feeding of spent catalyst, inert gas or halogens
    • C10J2300/0953Gasifying agents
    • C10J2300/0973Water
    • C10J2300/0976Water as steam

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  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Oil, Petroleum & Natural Gas (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Gasification And Melting Of Waste (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification process integral box, including babinet, feed system, cracking system, heating system, flue gas purification system;Feed system includes being located at the feeding passage above box house, and feeding passage both ends are respectively equipped with feed inlet and discharge port, and feed inlet is equipped with the scraper structure that can drive rubbish after passing through the wall of babinet in the top of babinet, feeding passage;Cracking system includes the pyrolysis furnace being located in babinet, cracking chamber is equipped in pyrolysis furnace, discharge port is communicated with cracking chamber, and heating system is located at the rubbish entered on pyrolysis furnace for heating cracking intracavitary, pyrolysis furnace is equipped with exhanst gas outlet, and exhanst gas outlet is connected with flue gas purification system;The stirring structure of rubbish can be stirred by being equipped in pyrolysis furnace.Rubbish is sequentially sent to by pyrolysis furnace by feed system, prevents disposable a large amount of rubbish from being accumulated, and then reduce lysis efficiency after entering pyrolysis furnace.The present invention is applied to refuse treatment plant.

Description

A kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification process integral box
Technical field
The present invention relates to refuse disposal installation, more particularly to a kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification process integral box.
Background technology
Rubbish is the solid waste generated in mankind's daily life and production, and since discharge rate is big, complicated component is various, And with pollution, resource and social, innoxious, recycling, minimizing and socialization processing are needed, such as cannot properly be located Reason, just pollutes the environment, and influences environmental sanitation, and waste of resource destroys production and living safety, destroys social harmony.Garbage disposal It seeks to rubbish to remove rapidly, and carries out harmless treatment, finally reasonably utilized.At current widely applied rubbish Reason method is sanitary landfills, During High-Temperature Composting and Pintsch process.All it is directly to pour into rubbish to split mostly during garbage cracking The feed hopper of stove being solved, but due to excessive rubbish sedimentation time too long, easily lumpd so that the rubbish of inside can not be cracked fully, It is less efficient.
Invention content
It to solve the above-mentioned problems, can the purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification process integral box High-efficient filter carries out cracking processing to rubbish.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:A kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification process integral box, including babinet, feeding system System, cracking system, heating system, flue gas purification system;
The feed system includes being located at feeding passage above box house, the feeding passage both ends be respectively equipped with into Material mouth and discharge port, the feed inlet pass through the top for being located at babinet after the wall of babinet, and being equipped in the feeding passage being capable of band The scraper structure of dynamic rubbish;
The cracking system includes the pyrolysis furnace being located in babinet, and cracking chamber, the discharge port are equipped in the pyrolysis furnace It is communicated with cracking chamber, the heating system is located at the rubbish entered on pyrolysis furnace for heating cracking intracavitary, the pyrolysis furnace Exhanst gas outlet is equipped with, the exhanst gas outlet is connected with flue gas purification system;
The stirring structure of rubbish can be stirred by being equipped in the pyrolysis furnace.
As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, the scraper structure includes driving mechanism, scraping mechanism and edge For feeding passage to the supporting rod being located in feeding passage, the supporting rod has vertically movable stroke, and the scraping mechanism is slided Dynamic to be connected on supporting rod, the supporting rod, scraping mechanism are connected respectively with driving mechanism transmission.
As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, the supporting rod both ends are respectively equipped with lifting lug upward, described to send Expect that the inner wall of channel roof is equipped with the first guide ring corresponding with lifting lug, the driving mechanism includes corresponding with lifting lug first Pulling rope, first pulling rope are connected after passing through corresponding first guide ring with corresponding lifting lug.
As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, the both sides of the scraping mechanism are respectively equipped with draw ring, the support Bar both ends are respectively equipped with the second guide ring corresponding with draw ring and directed downwardly, and the inner wall at the top of the feeding passage is equipped with and second The corresponding third guide ring of guide ring, the driving mechanism further include the second pulling rope corresponding with draw ring, second drawing Rope is connected after sequentially passing through third guide ring, corresponding second guide ring with corresponding draw ring.
As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, the scraping mechanism includes top plate and several scraper plates, the top plate It is slidably connected on supporting rod by hanging ring, the hanging ring fixation is located on top plate, and the scraper plate is along between the direction of feeding passage Every being located on top plate, the draw ring is located on corresponding scraper plate
As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, the stirring structure includes agitating shaft, blender and is located to split Solve the stirring motor in furnace roof portion, the upper-end part of driving of the agitating shaft is in being connected outside pyrolysis furnace and with stirring motor transmission and stirred with driving It mixes shaft rotation to move, the lower end of the agitating shaft is located at cracking intracavitary and is fixedly linked with blender, and the blender includes fixing Ring and several stirring ropes, the retainer ring are fixedly linked with agitating shaft, and the lower end of the agitating shaft passes through position after retainer ring In the lower section of retainer ring, one end of each stirring rope is fixedly linked respectively with the lower end of agitating shaft, the connection of other end interval In retainer ring.
As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, jacking system, the agitating shaft are additionally provided at the top of the pyrolysis furnace Including inner shaft and outer shaft, the outer shaft is set in inner shaft, and the lower end of outer shaft is located at the top of retainer ring, under the inner shaft End is located at the lower section of retainer ring, and outer shaft is connected with stirring motor transmission outer shaft to be driven to rotate, and the retainer ring is consolidated with outer shaft Fixed to be connected, the stirring rope is connected with the lower end of inner shaft, and jacking system is with the interior axis connection to drive inner shaft vertically movable.
As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, the stirring system further includes several connecting strands, and each rope that stirs leads to It crosses connecting strand to be sequentially connected and form spider reticulation structure, the lower end of the inner shaft is connected to the centre bit of spider web frame It puts.
As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, the inner shaft is equipped with the hole that vapor can be passed through to cracking chamber Road, the cracking furnace bottom are equipped with magnetic air pipe, and one end of the magnetic air pipe is located at outside pyrolysis furnace and and magnetic air Generator is connected, and the other end of the magnetic air pipe is located at cracking intracavitary.
As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, the heating system includes flame thrower, the flame injection Device includes the playpipe for being capable of flame, and the playpipe is tangent with pyrolysis furnace and is connected with cracking chamber, corresponding in the pyrolysis furnace The position of playpipe is equipped with turbulent mechanism.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:The present invention passes through the feed system, cracking system and the gas cleaning that are set in babinet Rubbish is sequentially sent to pyrolysis furnace by system by feed system, prevents disposable a large amount of rubbish from being accumulated after entering pyrolysis furnace, into And lysis efficiency is reduced, purified treatment is then carried out to the flue gas generated during garbage cracking by flue gas purification system, is prevented Only environmental quality is influenced in the flue gas emission to air containing pernicious gas.
Description of the drawings
The present invention is further described with embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is overall structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is feeding passage internal structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is pyrolysis furnace internal structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is scraping mechanism structure diagram.
Specific embodiment
Refuse pyrolysis gasification process integral box as shown in Figs 1-4, including babinet 1, feed system, cracking system, heating System 4, flue gas purification system;
Feed system includes being located at the feeding passage 2 of 1 inner upper of babinet, and the top of babinet 1 is equipped with lifting lug, the bottom of babinet Portion is equipped with universal wheel, and 2 both ends of feeding passage are respectively equipped with feed inlet 21 and discharge port 22, and 2 top of feeding passage is equipped with Gas Pipe 29 for being passed through combustion gas into feeding passage 2, and 2 bottom of feeding passage is equipped with heater 210 and is passed through in feeding passage 2 for lighting Combustion gas, feed inlet 21 passes through the top for being located at babinet 1 after the wall of babinet 1, and scraping for rubbish can be driven by being equipped in feeding passage 2 Expect structure;Feed inlet 21 is equipped with wastes pre-processing system, and wastes pre-processing system includes pretreatment box 111, pretreatment box 211 Hydraulic press 212 is equipped with, 211 bottom of pretreatment box is equipped with waste water tank 213, after rubbish is poured into pretreatment box 211 by staff, Under the action of hydraulic press 212, moisture and air in rubbish are squeezed out, wherein waste water tank 213 squeezes for recycling in rubbish The waste water gone out;Pretreatment box 211 is connected with feed inlet 21, and flashboard 214 is equipped between pretreatment box 211 and feed inlet 21.Pass through Rubbish is first carried out preliminary drying process by wastes pre-processing system, in order in subsequent pyrolytic process with higher effect Rate.
Cracking system includes the pyrolysis furnace 3 being located in babinet 1, and cracking chamber 31, discharge port 22 and cracking are equipped in pyrolysis furnace 3 Chamber 31 communicates, and heating system 4 is located on pyrolysis furnace 3 for the rubbish entered in heating cracking chamber 31, the top of 3 side wall of pyrolysis furnace Portion is equipped with exhanst gas outlet 32, and exhanst gas outlet 32 is connected with flue gas purification system, and the bottom of 3 side of pyrolysis furnace is equipped with slag notch 39, For discharging waste residue;
Wherein, flue gas purification system includes being connected in turn the secondary combustion chamber 57 after exhanst gas outlet 32, air cooler 51, anxious Cooler 52, deduster 53, absorption unit of dioxide carbon 54, sulfur dioxide absorber 55 and cooling tower 56, effectively to flue gas into It is discharged after travelingization processing;Wherein secondary combustion chamber 57 is provided with burner, and burner is fuel gas whirlwind high-temperature cracking furnace, For combustion product gases with reduce tarry matters in smoke content, improve flue gas calorific value.
The stirring structure of rubbish can be stirred by being equipped in pyrolysis furnace 3.
The quantity of pyrolysis furnace 3 is two in cracking system in this implementation, and discharge port 22 is corresponding with pyrolysis furnace 3, discharge port 22 Quantity also for two, the second half section of feeding passage 2 is located at the top of two pyrolysis furnaces 3, and then can utilize in pyrolysis furnace 3 and dissipate The high temperature of hair evaporates the moisture in feeding passage 2 in rubbish, lays the first stone for subsequent cracking reaction, two discharge ports 22 it Between the bottom of inner wall of feeding passage 2 be pyramidal structure so that when rubbish is taken to the sharp portion of pyramidal structure by scraper structure During position, rubbish can slide from trend both sides, and then enter different pyrolysis furnaces 3 by two discharge ports 22, so as to be promoted Lysis efficiency.
The present embodiment passes through feeding system by the feed system, cracking system and the flue gas purification system that are set in babinet 1 Rubbish is sequentially sent to pyrolysis furnace 3 by system, prevents disposable a large amount of rubbish from being accumulated, and then reduce cracking effect after entering pyrolysis furnace 3 Rate then carries out purified treatment to the flue gas generated during garbage cracking by flue gas purification system, prevents containing harmful gas Environmental quality is influenced in the flue gas emission to air of body.
It is further preferred that scraper structure includes driving mechanism, scraping mechanism 24 and along feeding passage 2 to being located at feeding Supporting rod 25 in channel 2, supporting rod 25 have vertically movable stroke, and scraping mechanism 24 is slidably connected on supporting rod 25, Supporting rod 25, scraping mechanism 24 are connected respectively with driving mechanism transmission.Rubbish in feeding passage 2 is driven by scraping mechanism 24 Rubbish, wherein scraping mechanism 24 under the drive of driving mechanism, in the horizontal direction with it is vertical on be respectively provided with mobile stroke, scraper When, scraping mechanism 24, which moves down, to be inserted into rubbish, and subsequent scraping mechanism 24, which moves horizontally, drives rubbish to discharge port 22, subsequent scraper Mechanism 24 moves up, and moves horizontally reset, and the processing mode of rubbish movement is driven using scraping mechanism 24, can effectively be promoted The efficiency of garbage disposal, reduces cost.
It is further preferred that 25 both ends of supporting rod are respectively equipped with lifting lug 251 upward, on the inner wall at 2 top of feeding passage Equipped with 251 corresponding first guide ring 26 of lifting lug, i.e. the first guide ring 26 is located at the surface of corresponding lifting lug 251, driving machine Structure include with 251 corresponding first pulling rope 231 of lifting lug, the first pulling rope 231 pass through corresponding first guide ring 26 after with it is right The lifting lug 251 answered is connected, and the first pulling rope 231 can pull supporting rod about 25 under the guiding role of the first guide ring 26 It is mobile to be deviated without left and right.
It is further preferred that the both sides of scraping mechanism 24 are respectively equipped with draw ring 241,25 both ends of supporting rod are respectively equipped with and draw Ring 241 corresponds to and the second guide ring 252 directed downwardly, i.e. the second guide ring 252 are always positioned at same level with corresponding draw ring 241 On face, the inner wall at 2 top of feeding passage is equipped with and 252 corresponding third guide ring 27 of the second guide ring, i.e. third guide ring 27 are located at the surface of corresponding second guide ring 252, driving mechanism further include with 241 corresponding second pulling rope 232 of draw ring, the Two pulling ropes 232 are connected after sequentially passing through third guide ring 27, corresponding second guide ring 252 with corresponding draw ring 241.Pass through Third guide ring 27 makes the pulling force of the second pulling rope 232 become vertical power, then makes the second pulling rope by the second guide ring 252 232 pulling force becomes the power of horizontal direction, and then scraping mechanism 24 is pulled to be moved horizontally on supporting rod 25
Driving mechanism further includes driving motor 233, and driving motor 233 is equipped with the control being electrical connected with driving motor 233 Case processed, driving motor 233 are located at the outside of feeding passage 2, one end of the first pulling rope 231, the second pulling rope 232 one end difference Be fixedly linked with the output terminal of driving motor 233, feeding passage 2 be equipped with rope through 28, the other end of the first pulling rope 231, The other end of second pulling rope 232 is located at after being each passed through rope through 28 in feeding passage 2.Close to rope through on feeding passage 2 28 position is equipped with sealing device, and sealing device includes the fluid-tight pond 281 being fixed on feeding passage 2, rope through 28 and liquid Envelope pond 281 communicates, and is equipped with sealing fluid 282 in fluid-tight pond 281, and the sealing fluid 282 in the present embodiment is tap water, the first pulling rope 231st, the second pulling rope 232 sequentially passes through and rope through 28 is passed through after sealing fluid 282, the side wall and feeding passage 2 in fluid-tight pond 281 it Between be equipped with thermal insulation layer 283, prevent the sealing fluid 282 in fluid-tight pond 281 by thermal evaporation.Feeding passage 2 is prevented by sealing device Interior flue gas is leaked out from rope through 28.Rope through 28 is equipped with directive wheel 284, and the first pulling rope 231, the second pulling rope 232 are worn Circumferential surface when crossing rope through 28 respectively with directive wheel 284 is affixed, and directive wheel 284 is located in sealing fluid 282, passes through directive wheel 284 Come the resistance being subject to when reducing the first pulling rope 231, the second pulling rope 232 across rope through 28, certain energy-conserving action is played.
It is further preferred that scraping mechanism 24 includes top plate 242 and several scraper plates 243, top plate 242 is slided by hanging ring 244 Dynamic to be connected on supporting rod 25, the fixation of hanging ring 244 is located on top plate 242, and 244 quantity of hanging ring in the present embodiment is three, point Not Wei Yu the top of scraping mechanism 24 both ends and middle part so that the cunning on supporting rod 25 that scraping mechanism 24 can more be stablized It is dynamic;Scraper plate 243 is located at along the direction interval of feeding passage 2 on top plate 242, and draw ring 241 is located on corresponding scraper plate 243, this reality The quantity for applying a middle scraper 243 is three, and scraper plate 243 can be plane steel plate, it is preferred that scraper plate 243 can be by several Vertical scraping article interval forms, and all scraping articles on same scraper plate 243 are generally aligned in the same plane.
It is further preferred that stirring structure includes agitating shaft, blender and the stirring motor for being located at 3 top of pyrolysis furnace 33, the upper-end part of driving of agitating shaft is outer in pyrolysis furnace 3 and is connected with the transmission of stirring motor 33 agitating shaft to be driven to rotate, agitating shaft Lower end is located in cracking chamber 31 and is fixedly linked with blender, and blender includes retainer ring 341 and several stirring ropes 342, Retainer ring 341 is fixedly linked with agitating shaft, and the lower end of agitating shaft passes through the lower section for being located at retainer ring 341 after retainer ring 341, respectively One end of stirring rope 342 is fixedly linked respectively with the lower end of agitating shaft, and other end interval is connected in retainer ring 341.
Blender is formed by retainer ring 341 and stirring rope 342 so that blender forms a recessed pocketed sieve knot Structure so that blender can be stirred rubbish in rotation process, promote garbage cracking efficiency, can also fall in rubbish Cushioning effect is carried out in journey, rubbish is avoided to accumulate and can not fully react in 3 bottom of pyrolysis furnace, is conducive to rubbish in pyrolysis furnace 3 It is interior to carry out sufficient cracking reaction.
It is further preferred that 3 top of pyrolysis furnace is additionally provided with and jacking system (not shown), jacking system can be cylinders Deng.Agitating shaft includes inner shaft 351 and outer shaft 352, and outer shaft 352 is set in inner shaft 351, and the lower end of outer shaft 352, which is located at, to be fixed The top of ring 341, the lower end of inner shaft 351 are located at the lower section of retainer ring 341, outer shaft 352 be connected with the transmission of stirring motor 33 with Driving outer shaft 352 rotates, and retainer ring 341 is fixedly linked by connecting rod 343 and outer shaft 352, stirring rope 342 and inner shaft 351 Lower end is connected, and jacking system connect to drive inner shaft 351 vertically movable with inner shaft 351.When the rubbish body stopped on blender Product it is excessive and when can not be fallen by blender, inner shaft 351 is driven to move up by jacking system, and then stir the drive of inner shaft 351 It mixes the pocketed structure on device and stirs the pocketed structure for becoming convex upwards so that the larger rubbish of volume is from blender to downslide It falls.
It is each to stir rope 342 by connecting strand 344 successively it is further preferred that stirring system further includes several connecting strands 344 It is connected and forms spider reticulation structure, the lower end of inner shaft 351 is connected to the center of spider web frame.Pass through connecting strand 344 make blender form spider reticulation structure, and to reduce the gap on blender, and then lift agitator makees the obstruction of rubbish With.Stirring rope 342 and connecting strand 344 in the present embodiment can be iron chains or steel wire rope.
It is further preferred that inner shaft 351 is equipped with the duct that vapor can be passed through to cracking chamber 31,3 bottom of pyrolysis furnace Equipped with magnetic air pipe 36, one end of magnetic air pipe 36 is located at outside pyrolysis furnace 3 and is connected with magnetic air generator, and magnetization is empty The other end of tracheae 36 be located at cracking chamber 31 in so that vapor react at high temperature with carbon so that produce carbon monoxide and Hydrogen for burning, promotes the efficiency of garbage cracking.
It is further preferred that heating system 4 includes flame thrower, flame thrower includes the playpipe for being capable of flame 41, playpipe 41 is tangent with pyrolysis furnace 3 and is connected with cracking chamber 31, and the position that playpipe 41 is corresponded in pyrolysis furnace 3 is equipped with turbulent flow Mechanism 37, turbulent mechanism 37 include horn mouth, and bell-mouthed small end communicates with playpipe 41 so that spray into crack in chamber 31 can Burning gases find turbulent flow, are more fully distributed in cracking chamber 31, and then promote reaction efficiency.
Babinet 1 is equipped with service hatch, and the side wall of pyrolysis furnace 3 is equipped with peep hole 38, and staff can pass through peep hole 38 crack the rubbish surplus of chamber 31 to observe, so as to judge whether to need to rejoin rubbish.
Certainly, the invention is not limited in the above embodiment, those skilled in the art are without prejudice to the present invention Equivalent variations or replacement can be also made under the premise of spirit, these equivalent modifications or replacement are all contained in the application claim In limited range.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification process integral box, it is characterised in that:
Including babinet, feed system, cracking system, heating system, flue gas purification system;
The feed system includes being located at the feeding passage above box house, and the feeding passage both ends are respectively equipped with feed inlet With discharge port, the feed inlet passes through the top for being located at babinet after the wall of babinet, and rubbish can be driven by being equipped in the feeding passage The scraper structure of rubbish;
The cracking system includes the pyrolysis furnace being located in babinet, cracking chamber is equipped in the pyrolysis furnace, the discharge port is with splitting Solution chamber communicates, and the heating system is located at the rubbish entered on pyrolysis furnace for heating cracking intracavitary, is set on the pyrolysis furnace There is exhanst gas outlet, the exhanst gas outlet is connected with flue gas purification system;
The stirring structure of rubbish can be stirred by being equipped in the pyrolysis furnace.
2. refuse pyrolysis gasification process integral box according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The scraper structure includes driving Mechanism, scraping mechanism and along feeding passage to the supporting rod being located in feeding passage, the supporting rod has vertically movable Stroke, the scraping mechanism are slidably connected on supporting rod, and the supporting rod, scraping mechanism are driven phase with driving mechanism respectively Even.
3. refuse pyrolysis gasification process integral box according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The supporting rod both ends are set respectively There is a lifting lug upward, the inner wall at the top of the feeding passage is equipped with the first guide ring corresponding with lifting lug, the driving mechanism Including the first pulling rope corresponding with lifting lug, first pulling rope pass through corresponding first guide ring after with corresponding lifting lug phase Even.
4. refuse pyrolysis gasification process integral box according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The both sides of the scraping mechanism point Not She You draw ring, the supporting rod both ends are respectively equipped with the second guide ring corresponding with draw ring and directed downwardly, the feeding passage top The inner wall in portion is equipped with third guide ring corresponding with the second guide ring, and the driving mechanism further includes corresponding with draw ring second Pulling rope, second pulling rope are connected after sequentially passing through third guide ring, corresponding second guide ring with corresponding draw ring.
5. refuse pyrolysis gasification process integral box according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The scraping mechanism includes top plate With several scraper plates, the top plate is slidably connected at by hanging ring on supporting rod, and the hanging ring fixation is located on top plate, the scraper plate It is located on top plate along the direction interval of feeding passage, the draw ring is located on corresponding scraper plate.
6. according to claims 1 or 2 or the 3 or 4 or 5 refuse pyrolysis gasification process integral boxes, it is characterised in that:The stirring Structure includes agitating shaft, blender and the stirring motor being located at the top of pyrolysis furnace, and the upper-end part of driving of the agitating shaft is in cracking Stove is outer and is connected with stirring motor transmission agitating shaft to be driven to rotate, and the lower end of the agitating shaft is located at cracking intracavitary and with stirring It mixes device to be fixedly linked, the blender includes retainer ring and several stirring ropes, the retainer ring are fixedly linked with agitating shaft, institute State agitating shaft lower end pass through retainer ring after be located at retainer ring lower section, it is each it is described stirring rope one end respectively with agitating shaft Lower end is fixedly linked, and other end interval is connected in retainer ring.
7. refuse pyrolysis gasification process integral box according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:It is additionally provided at the top of the pyrolysis furnace Jacking system, the agitating shaft include inner shaft and outer shaft, and the outer shaft is set in inner shaft, and the lower end of outer shaft is located at retainer ring Top, the lower end of the inner shaft is located at the lower section of retainer ring, and outer shaft is connected with stirring motor transmission outer shaft to be driven to rotate, The retainer ring is fixedly linked with outer shaft, and the stirring rope is connected with the lower end of inner shaft, jacking system and the interior axis connection To drive inner shaft vertically movable.
8. refuse pyrolysis gasification process integral box according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:If the stirring system further includes Dry connecting strand, each rope that stirs are sequentially connected by connecting strand and form spider reticulation structure, and the lower end of the inner shaft is connected to The center of spider web frame.
9. refuse pyrolysis gasification process integral box according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The inner shaft is equipped with can be to Cracking chamber is passed through the duct of vapor, and the cracking furnace bottom is equipped with magnetic air pipe, and one end of the magnetic air pipe is located at Pyrolysis furnace is outer and is connected with magnetic air generator, and the other end of the magnetic air pipe is located at cracking intracavitary.
10. according to claims 1 or 2 or the 3 or 4 or 5 refuse pyrolysis gasification process integral boxes, it is characterised in that:It is described to add Hot systems include flame thrower, and the flame thrower includes the playpipe for being capable of flame, the playpipe and pyrolysis furnace phase It cuts and is connected with cracking chamber, the position that playpipe is corresponded in the pyrolysis furnace is equipped with turbulent mechanism.
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CN111457382A (en) * 2020-04-09 2020-07-28 张仁清 Garbage pyrolysis gasification furnace
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