CN106946060A - Fixed-point unloading mechanism - Google Patents

Fixed-point unloading mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106946060A
CN106946060A CN201710268634.9A CN201710268634A CN106946060A CN 106946060 A CN106946060 A CN 106946060A CN 201710268634 A CN201710268634 A CN 201710268634A CN 106946060 A CN106946060 A CN 106946060A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
crossbeam
fixed
vertical
stripper
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Pending
Application number
CN201710268634.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高伟
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高伟
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201710268634.9A priority Critical patent/CN106946060A/en
Publication of CN106946060A publication Critical patent/CN106946060A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G67/00Loading or unloading vehicles
    • B65G67/02Loading or unloading land vehicles
    • B65G67/24Unloading land vehicles
    • B65G67/26Unloading land vehicles using rakes or scrapers

Abstract

Fixed-point unloading mechanism of the present invention belongs to the technical field of material transportation;Technical problem to be solved is:A kind of fixed-point unloading mechanism is provided, easy to use and flexible, cost is relatively low, reduces labor strength, improves efficiency of unloading;The technical scheme used for:Fixed-point unloading mechanism, including support body, crossbeam, cross drive mechanism, vertical connecting gear, stripper and controller, support body is fixed on the ground, crossbeam is fixedly installed on support body top, cross drive mechanism is installed on crossbeam, vertical connecting gear is movably arranged on crossbeam and realizes the transverse shifting on crossbeam by cross drive mechanism, the vertical connecting gear is connected with the upper links of stripper realizes moving up and down for stripper, and the controller manipulates cross drive mechanism and the running of vertical connecting gear;Unloaded present invention is mainly used for the transport of the materials such as grain, cotton.

Description

Fixed-point unloading mechanism
Technical field
Fixed-point unloading mechanism of the present invention belongs to the technical field of material transportation, and in particular to the fortune of the material such as grain, cotton It is defeated to unload.
Background technology
Transport vehicle on domestic market is in discharging, it is necessary to which people is unloaded, and labor intensity is very big, for example transportation Car or the vehicle for transporting cotton, more high-end grain-transporting vehicle is mostly that one-way lateral turns over unloading mechanism, and vehicle structure is extremely complex, cost Higher, energy resource consumption is very big.
The content of the invention
The present invention overcomes the shortcomings of that prior art is present, and technical problem to be solved is:A kind of fixed-point unloading machine is provided Structure, easy to use and flexible, cost is relatively low, reduces labor strength, improves efficiency of unloading.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:Fixed-point unloading mechanism, including support body, horizontal stroke Beam, cross drive mechanism, vertical connecting gear, stripper and controller, support body are fixed on the ground, and crossbeam is fixedly installed on frame Cross drive mechanism is installed, vertical connecting gear is movably arranged on crossbeam and by transverse conveyor on body top, crossbeam Structure realizes the transverse shifting on crossbeam, and the vertical connecting gear is connected with the upper links of stripper realizes stripper Move up and down, the controller manipulates cross drive mechanism and the running of vertical connecting gear.
The vertical connecting gear includes carrying case, vertical motor, first gear and the first tooth bar, and the carrying case passes through Guide rail is movably arranged on crossbeam, and vertical motor and first gear are arranged inside carrying case, vertical motor and first gear It is connected and provides rotary power to first gear, first tooth bar is fixedly installed on the side of the upper links of stripper, The upper links of stripper run through carrying case and first gear and the first tooth bar are meshed.
Described cross drive mechanism is hoist engine connecting gear;
The hoist engine connecting gear includes hoist engine, pull rope and deflecting roller, and the hoist engine is fixedly installed on the one of crossbeam End, the deflecting roller is fixedly installed on the other end of crossbeam, the pull rope bypass deflecting roller and its two ends is each attached to volume Raise in the rotating shaft of machine, the carrying case is fixedly connected with pull rope.
The cross drive mechanism is rack-and-pinion connecting gear;
The rack-and-pinion connecting gear includes second gear, the second tooth bar and cross motor, and second tooth bar is mated formation in horizontal stroke Liang Shang, the second gear is meshed with the second tooth bar, and cross motor is fixedly installed on the carrying case, cross motor it is defeated Shaft is fixedly connected with the axis body of second gear.
It is connected between the vertical motor and first gear, between cross motor and second gear by reduction box.
The stripper is scraper plate, and the scraper plate is sheet metal and its upper end and both sides are equipped with frame, the scraper plate Top and both sides are bent to form dustpan shape, and the upper end of scraper plate is provided with upper links.
The stripper is tooth harrow, and the upper end of tooth harrow is provided with upper links.
The support body is square framework, or is stable triangular frame;
It is set side by side with the support body on multiple crossbeams, and each crossbeam and is provided with cross drive mechanism, vertical conveyer Structure and stripper.
The controller is wired or wireless remote control;
The controller also includes signal projector and the signal receiver on stripper and the police being arranged in compartment Show device, signal projector and the signal receiver corresponding matching, the output end of the signal receiver and the input of attention device End electrical connection.
The vertical connecting gear includes bearing and hydraulic cylinder, and the bearing is movably arranged on crossbeam and led to by track Cross cross drive mechanism and realize the transverse shifting on crossbeam, the cylinder body of hydraulic cylinder is fixed on below bearing, the piston of hydraulic cylinder Boom end is connected with the upper links of stripper.
The present invention has the advantages that compared with prior art:
The present invention passes through cross drive mechanism and vertical conveyer by being provided for the stripper of discharging on fixing bracket body Structure carries out effective location control so that discharging is more convenient, flexible, and labor strength is low, efficiency high of unloading, and reduces manpower Cost consumption, it is simple in construction, with low cost;
Stripper in the present invention is divided into two kinds of structure types of scraper plate and tooth harrow, it is adaptable to all granule materials and dough Material, expands the scope of application;
Vertical connecting gear in the present invention uses pinion and-rack structure, and the insertion dynamics of stripper downwards is bigger, is easy to straight Patch and carry out discharging into material, it is easy to use and discharging is more efficient without other operations.
Brief description of the drawings
The present invention will be further described in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings;
Fig. 1 is the structural representation for the fixed-point unloading mechanism that the embodiment of the present invention one is provided;
Fig. 2 is that the fixed-point unloading mechanism that the embodiment of the present invention one is provided unloads schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation for the fixed-point unloading mechanism that the embodiment of the present invention two is provided;
Fig. 4 is that the fixed-point unloading mechanism that the embodiment of the present invention two is provided unloads schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation for the scraper plate that the embodiment of the present invention one is provided;
Fig. 6 is the schematic cross-section for the scraper plate that the embodiment of the present invention one is provided;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation for the tooth harrow that the embodiment of the present invention two is provided;
Fig. 8 is cross drive mechanism and the structural representation of vertical connecting gear for the pinion and-rack that the embodiment of the present invention two is provided Figure;
Multiple compartments that Fig. 9 provides for the present invention are while the support body unloaded arranges schematic diagram;
In figure:1 is support body, and 2 be crossbeam, and 3 be cross drive mechanism, and 4 be vertical connecting gear, and 5 be stripper, and 6 be that top connects Bar, 7 be guide rail, and 8 be hoist engine, and 9 be pull rope, and 10 be deflecting roller, and 11 be carrying case, and 12 be vertical motor, and 13 be the first tooth Wheel, 14 be the first tooth bar, and 15 be second gear, and 16 be the second tooth bar, and 17 be cross motor.
Embodiment
To make the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of the embodiment of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention In accompanying drawing, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is A part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments;Based on the embodiment in the present invention, ordinary skill people The every other embodiment that member is obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
Embodiment one
As shown in figure 1, fixed-point unloading mechanism, including support body 1, crossbeam 2, cross drive mechanism 3, vertical connecting gear 4, stripper 5 and controller, support body 1 is fixed on the ground, and crossbeam 2 is fixedly installed on the top of support body 1, crossbeam 2 and is provided with transverse conveyor Structure 3, vertical connecting gear 4 is movably arranged on crossbeam 2 and realizes the transverse shifting on crossbeam 2 by cross drive mechanism 3, The vertical connecting gear 4 is connected with the upper links 6 of stripper 5 realizes moving up and down for stripper 5, the controller behaviour Vertically and horizontally connecting gear 3 and vertical connecting gear 4 are operated.
The vertical connecting gear 4 includes carrying case 11, vertical motor 12, the tooth bar 14 of first gear 13 and first, described Carrying case 11 is movably arranged on crossbeam 2 by guide rail 7, and vertical motor 12 and first gear 13 are arranged in carrying case 11 Portion, vertical motor 12 is connected with first gear 13 and provides rotary power to first gear 13, and first tooth bar 14 is fixed It is arranged on the side of the upper links 6 of stripper 5, the upper links 6 of stripper 5 are through carrying case 11 and first gear 13 and the One tooth bar 14 is meshed.
Described cross drive mechanism 3 is hoist engine connecting gear;
The hoist engine connecting gear includes hoist engine 8, pull rope 9 and deflecting roller 10, and the hoist engine 8 is fixedly installed on crossbeam 2 one end, the deflecting roller 10 is fixedly installed on the other end of crossbeam 2, and the pull rope 9 bypasses deflecting roller 10 and its two ends In the rotating shaft for being each attached to hoist engine 8, the carrying case 11 is fixedly connected with pull rope 9.
It is connected between the vertical motor 12 and first gear 13 by reduction box.
As seen in figs. 5-6, the stripper 5 is scraper plate, and the scraper plate is sheet metal and its upper end and both sides are equipped with Frame, the scraper plate top and both sides are bent to form dustpan shape, and the upper end of scraper plate is provided with upper links 6.
The support body 1 is square framework.
The present embodiment is mainly used in the granular material of heavier mass using the stripper 5 for scraping template(Such as grain)'s Unload.
Use process:Fig. 2 unloads schematic diagram for the fixed-point unloading mechanism that the present embodiment is provided, as shown in Fig. 2 first control transport Car is travelled to unloading a little, and one compartment of correspondence below scraper plate, control hoist engine 8 affects pull rope 9, so that carrying case 11 is moved Above to material, vertical motor 12 is operated, and drives first gear 13 to rotate, the first meshed tooth bar 14 then drives scraper plate Bank is downwardly into, controls hoist engine 17 to drive carrying case 11 to move and promote scraper plate to realize that material is unloaded again, work effect Rate is high, easy to use, simple in construction, with low cost, and reduces the energy and manpower consumption.
Embodiment two
As shown in figure 3, fixed-point unloading mechanism, including support body 1, crossbeam 2, cross drive mechanism 3, vertical connecting gear 4, stripper 5 and controller, support body 1 is fixed on the ground, and crossbeam 2 is fixedly installed on the top of support body 1, crossbeam 2 and is provided with transverse conveyor Structure 3, vertical connecting gear 4 is movably arranged on crossbeam 2 and realizes the transverse shifting on crossbeam 2 by cross drive mechanism 3, The vertical connecting gear 4 is connected with the upper links 6 of stripper 5 realizes moving up and down for stripper 5, the controller behaviour Vertically and horizontally connecting gear 3 and vertical connecting gear 4 are operated.
The vertical connecting gear 4 includes carrying case 11, vertical motor 12, the tooth bar 14 of first gear 13 and first, described Carrying case 11 is movably arranged on crossbeam 2 by guide rail 7, and vertical motor 12 and first gear 13 are arranged in carrying case 11 Portion, vertical motor 12 is connected with first gear 13 and provides rotary power to first gear 13, and first tooth bar 14 is fixed It is arranged on the side of the upper links 6 of stripper 5, the upper links 6 of stripper 5 are through carrying case 11 and first gear 13 and the One tooth bar 14 is meshed.
The cross drive mechanism 3 is rack-and-pinion connecting gear;
The cross drive mechanism for the pinion and-rack that Fig. 8 provides for the present embodiment and the structural representation of vertical connecting gear, such as Shown in Fig. 8, the rack-and-pinion connecting gear includes second gear 15, the second tooth bar 16 and cross motor 17, second tooth Bar 16 is mated formation on crossbeam 2, and the second gear 15 is meshed with the second tooth bar 16, and cross motor 17 is fixedly installed on the biography Send on case 11, the output shaft of cross motor 17 is fixedly connected with the axis body of second gear 15.
Pass through reduction box between the vertical motor 12 and first gear 13, between cross motor 17 and second gear 15 It is connected.
As shown in fig. 7, the stripper 5 is tooth harrow, the upper end of tooth harrow is provided with upper links 6.
The support body 1 is stable triangular frame.
The present embodiment uses the stripper 5 of tooth harrow type, is mainly used in the bulk material of large area lighter weight(Such as cotton Flower)Unload.
Use process:Fig. 4 unloads schematic diagram for the fixed-point unloading mechanism that the present embodiment is provided, as shown in figure 4, first control transport Car is travelled to unloading a little, and one compartment of correspondence below tooth harrow, the control running of cross motor 17 makes second gear 15 in the second tooth bar Traversing on 16, so that carrying case 11 is moved to above material, vertical motor 12 is operated, and drives first gear 13 to rotate, with it The first tooth bar 14 being meshed then drives tooth harrow to be downwardly into bank, and cross motor 17 drives carrying case 11 to move and draw again Dynamic tooth harrow realizes that material is unloaded, and high working efficiency is easy to use, simple in construction, with low cost, and reduces the energy and manpower disappears Consumption.
Multiple compartments that Fig. 9 provides for the present invention are while the support body unloaded arranges schematic diagram, as shown in figure 9, the support body 1 On be set side by side with multiple crossbeams 2, and be provided with cross drive mechanism 3, vertical connecting gear 4 and discharging on each crossbeam 2 Plate 5, it is adaptable to unload simultaneously in multiple compartments of bulk transport car.
The controller is wired or wireless remote control.
The controller also includes the signal projector and the signal receiver on stripper 5 being arranged in compartment And attention device, signal projector and the signal receiver corresponding matching, the output end of the signal receiver and attention device Input is electrically connected.Signal projector backward signal receiver sending signal in the setpoint distance of entering signal receiver, Signal receiver, which is received, feeds back to attention device after signal, staff is indicated by attention device judgement work and grasped by controller Make hoist engine or motor starts work of unloading.
Present invention is mainly used for granular material is unloaded, large-scale compartment is applicable not only to, dilly such as three-wheel is applied also for Car etc., it is applied widely.
What the vertical connecting gear 4 in the present invention can also be operated using achievable strippers such as cylinder or hydraulic cylinders about 5 Any structure.For example, the vertical connecting gear 4 includes bearing and hydraulic cylinder, the bearing is movably arranged on horizontal stroke by track The transverse shifting on crossbeam 2 is realized on beam 2 and by cross drive mechanism 3, the cylinder body of hydraulic cylinder is fixed on below bearing, liquid The piston rod end of cylinder pressure is connected with the upper links 6 of stripper 5.
Finally it should be noted that:Various embodiments above is merely illustrative of the technical solution of the present invention, rather than its limitations;To the greatest extent The present invention is described in detail with reference to foregoing embodiments for pipe, it will be understood by those within the art that:Its according to The technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments can so be modified, or which part or all technical characteristic are entered Row equivalent;And these modifications or replacement, the essence of appropriate technical solution is departed from various embodiments of the present invention technology The scope of scheme.

Claims (10)

1. fixed-point unloading mechanism, it is characterised in that:Including support body(1), crossbeam(2), cross drive mechanism(3), vertical conveyer Structure(4), stripper(5)And controller, support body(1)Fix on the ground, crossbeam(2)It is fixedly installed on support body(1)Top, crossbeam (2)On cross drive mechanism is installed(3), vertical connecting gear(4)It is movably arranged on crossbeam(2)Go up and pass through transverse conveyor Structure(3)Realize in crossbeam(2)On transverse shifting, the vertical connecting gear(4)With stripper(5)Upper links(6)Phase Stripper is realized in connection(5)Move up and down, the controller manipulates cross drive mechanism(3)With vertical connecting gear(4)Fortune Make.
2. fixed-point unloading mechanism according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The vertical connecting gear(4)Including transmission Case(11), vertical motor(12), first gear(13)With the first tooth bar(14), the carrying case(11)Pass through guide rail(7)Activity Installed in crossbeam(2)On, vertical motor(12)And first gear(13)It is arranged at carrying case(11)Inside, vertical motor(12) With first gear(13)It is connected and to first gear(13)Rotary power, first tooth bar are provided(14)It is fixedly installed on and unloads Flitch(5)Upper links(6)Side, stripper(5)Upper links(6)Through carrying case(11)And first gear(13) With the first tooth bar(14)It is meshed.
3. fixed-point unloading mechanism according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Described cross drive mechanism(3)For elevator Machine connecting gear;
The hoist engine connecting gear includes hoist engine(8), pull rope(9)And deflecting roller(10), the hoist engine(8)Fixation is set Put in crossbeam(2)One end, the deflecting roller(10)It is fixedly installed on crossbeam(2)The other end, the pull rope(9)Bypass Deflecting roller(10)And its two ends is each attached to hoist engine(8)Rotating shaft on, the carrying case(11)With pull rope(9)It is fixed to connect Connect.
4. fixed-point unloading mechanism according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The cross drive mechanism(3)For gear teeth Bar connecting gear;
The rack-and-pinion connecting gear includes second gear(15), the second tooth bar(16)And cross motor(17), described second Tooth bar(16)Mat formation in crossbeam(2)On, the second gear(15)With the second tooth bar(16)It is meshed, cross motor(17)It is fixed It is arranged on the carrying case(11)On, cross motor(17)Output shaft and second gear(15)Axis body be fixedly connected.
5. fixed-point unloading mechanism according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The vertical motor(12)With first gear (13)Between, cross motor(17)With second gear(15)Between be connected by reduction box.
6. the fixed-point unloading mechanism according to claim 3 or 4, it is characterised in that:The stripper(5)It is described for scraper plate Scraper plate is sheet metal and its upper end and both sides are equipped with frame, and the scraper plate top and both sides are bent to form dustpan shape, scraped The upper end of plate is provided with upper links(6).
7. the fixed-point unloading mechanism according to claim 3 or 4, it is characterised in that:The stripper(5)For tooth harrow, tooth harrow Upper end be provided with upper links(6).
8. the fixed-point unloading mechanism according to claim 3 or 4, it is characterised in that:The support body(1)For square framework, Or be stable triangular frame;
The support body(1)On be set side by side with multiple crossbeams(2), and each crossbeam(2)On be provided with cross drive mechanism (3), vertical connecting gear(4)And stripper(5).
9. the fixed-point unloading mechanism according to claim 3 or 4, it is characterised in that:The controller is wired or wireless distant Control device;
The controller also includes the signal projector being arranged in compartment and installed in stripper(5)On signal receiver and Attention device, signal projector and the signal receiver corresponding matching, the output end of the signal receiver and attention device it is defeated Enter end electrical connection.
10. fixed-point unloading mechanism according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The vertical connecting gear(4)Including bearing And hydraulic cylinder, the bearing is movably arranged on crossbeam by track(2)Go up and pass through cross drive mechanism(3)Realize in crossbeam (2)On transverse shifting, the cylinder body of hydraulic cylinder is fixed on below bearing, the piston rod end of hydraulic cylinder and stripper(5)It is upper Portion's connecting rod(6)It is connected.
CN201710268634.9A 2017-04-23 2017-04-23 Fixed-point unloading mechanism Pending CN106946060A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710268634.9A CN106946060A (en) 2017-04-23 2017-04-23 Fixed-point unloading mechanism

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710268634.9A CN106946060A (en) 2017-04-23 2017-04-23 Fixed-point unloading mechanism

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106946060A true CN106946060A (en) 2017-07-14

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710268634.9A Pending CN106946060A (en) 2017-04-23 2017-04-23 Fixed-point unloading mechanism

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106946060A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108099016A (en) * 2017-11-08 2018-06-01 何飞 A kind of anti-clogging concrete powder storage bin hopper
CN112047132A (en) * 2020-09-09 2020-12-08 王会涛 Cargo handling platform for logistics transportation

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108099016A (en) * 2017-11-08 2018-06-01 何飞 A kind of anti-clogging concrete powder storage bin hopper
CN112047132A (en) * 2020-09-09 2020-12-08 王会涛 Cargo handling platform for logistics transportation

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