CN108044770B - Environment-friendly hydraulic forming brick making equipment - Google Patents

Environment-friendly hydraulic forming brick making equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108044770B
CN108044770B CN201810133213.XA CN201810133213A CN108044770B CN 108044770 B CN108044770 B CN 108044770B CN 201810133213 A CN201810133213 A CN 201810133213A CN 108044770 B CN108044770 B CN 108044770B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
hopper
guide rail
bottom plate
lower die
frame
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201810133213.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108044770A (en
Inventor
娄广辉
徐亚中
王琳琳
侯羽
杨艳娟
闫光启
穆义文
杨宝英
尹星
秦超
杨林
王立
严昭君
颜妍
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Henan Building Material Research And Design Institute Co ltd
Original Assignee
Henan Building Material Research And Design Institute Co ltd
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Priority to CN201810133213.XA priority Critical patent/CN108044770B/en
Publication of CN108044770A publication Critical patent/CN108044770A/en
Application granted granted Critical
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B3/00Producing shaped articles from the material by using presses; Presses specially adapted therefor
    • B28B3/02Producing shaped articles from the material by using presses; Presses specially adapted therefor wherein a ram exerts pressure on the material in a moulding space; Ram heads of special form
    • B28B3/04Producing shaped articles from the material by using presses; Presses specially adapted therefor wherein a ram exerts pressure on the material in a moulding space; Ram heads of special form with one ram per mould
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B13/00Feeding the unshaped material to moulds or apparatus for producing shaped articles; Discharging shaped articles from such moulds or apparatus
    • B28B13/02Feeding the unshaped material to moulds or apparatus for producing shaped articles
    • B28B13/0215Feeding the moulding material in measured quantities from a container or silo
    • B28B13/023Feeding the moulding material in measured quantities from a container or silo by using a feed box transferring the moulding material from a hopper to the moulding cavities
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B17/00Details of, or accessories for, apparatus for shaping the material; Auxiliary measures taken in connection with such shaping
    • B28B17/02Conditioning the material prior to shaping

Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of building material machinery, and particularly discloses environment-friendly hydraulic forming brick making equipment, which comprises a frame and a feeding bracket arranged on one side of the frame and matched with the frame, wherein a feeding hopper is arranged on the feeding bracket, and a base is arranged at the bottom end of the feeding bracket; a lower die and an upper die are fixed on the frame, the upper die is arranged right above the lower die and is matched with the lower die, a pair of guide rails are symmetrically arranged on the frame, one end of each guide rail is arranged between the upper die and the lower die, the other end of each guide rail is arranged right below the hopper, and the lower die is arranged between the two guide rails; the guide rail is connected with a conveying hopper which is of a square tubular structure, a driving motor is arranged on the conveying hopper, a bottom plate is arranged at the bottom of the conveying hopper, and the bottom plate is connected with the conveying hopper through a fixed plate; the fixed plate symmetry sets up in the lateral wall bottom that carries hopper and guide rail parallel, and the fixed plate cross-section is L type. The invention has the advantages of simple structure, convenient use, low consumption, energy conservation and environmental protection.

Description

Environment-friendly hydraulic forming brick making equipment
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of building material machinery, relates to brick making equipment, and particularly relates to energy-saving and environment-friendly hydraulic forming brick making equipment.
Background
The traditional brick making machine mostly adopts a pressurizing device arranged at the upper end of a brick blank mould to pressurize the brick material entering the brick blank mould, and then demoulding is completed; brick making machines are mechanical devices for manufacturing and producing bricks, and are generally machines for producing bricks by using lime, carbide slag, fly ash, slag, broken stone, sand, water, shale, gangue, water and other added cements as raw materials through hydraulic power, vibration power, aerodynamic force and the like.
The hydraulic brick making is mechanical equipment for producing bricks by using hydraulic transmission as power; however, the existing hydraulic brick machine lacks a filtering device, the distribution mode is single, the distribution modes all adopt reciprocating swinging distribution boxes to feed the mould boxes, the raw materials in the mould boxes are possibly unevenly distributed, and the quality of bricks is affected; it is therefore desirable to provide a new brick making machine.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide the environment-friendly hydraulic molding brick making equipment which has the advantages of simple structure, convenience in use, environmental protection and energy saving and can uniformly distribute materials.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
an environment-friendly hydraulic molding brick making device comprises a frame and a feeding bracket arranged on one side of the frame and matched with the frame, wherein a hopper is arranged on the feeding bracket, and a base is arranged at the bottom end of the feeding bracket; a lower die and an upper die are fixed on the frame, the upper die is arranged right above the lower die and is matched with the lower die, a pair of guide rails are symmetrically arranged on the frame, one end of each guide rail is arranged between the upper die and the lower die, the other end of each guide rail is arranged right below the hopper, and the lower die is arranged between the two guide rails; the guide rail is connected with a conveying hopper which is of a square tubular structure, a driving motor is arranged on the conveying hopper, a bottom plate is arranged at the bottom of the conveying hopper, and the bottom plate is connected with the conveying hopper through a fixed plate; the fixed plate symmetry sets up in the lateral wall bottom that carries hopper and guide rail parallel, and the fixed plate cross-section is L type.
Further, the guide rail is a rack which is horizontally arranged, and walking gears matched with the guide rail are symmetrically arranged on the side wall of the conveying hopper.
Further, a baffle plate matched with the bottom plate is arranged on one end of the lower die, which is close to the charging hopper.
Further, a tension spring connected with the bottom plate is obliquely arranged on the baffle plate.
Further, a stop block matched with the bottom plate is arranged at one end of the fixed plate, which is far away from the feeding bracket; the projections of the two fixing plates on the bottom plate do not overlap.
Further, projections of two sides of the conveying hopper, which are perpendicular to the guide rail, on the horizontal direction fall on the bottom plate.
Further, the baffle is positioned between the two fixed plates, and the top end surface of the baffle does not exceed the top end surface of the bottom plate.
Further, a filter hopper is arranged below the charging hopper, a filter screen is horizontally arranged at the top end of the filter hopper, and the filter hopper is fixed on the charging bracket through a cross beam; a pair of augers are obliquely arranged in the charging hopper; a material receiving box is arranged between the guide rail and the material feeding bracket, and the bottom end of the material receiving box is provided with casters.
Further, a workbench with a cuboid structure is horizontally arranged at the bottom end of the frame; the guide rail does not exceed the workbench.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) After the bottom plate meets the baffle, the bottom plate is gradually separated from the conveying hopper, and meanwhile, materials in the conveying hopper gradually fall into the lower die, and the material distribution can be uniform without other auxiliary external force or back and forth swing of the conveying hopper or the lower die in the discharging process; the blanking process is low in consumption, energy-saving and good in effect.
(2) The guide rail on the frame does not influence the normal work of the lower die and the upper die, and saves the storage space of the equipment.
(3) The bottom plate both can pass through the fixed plate of L type and fix on the conveying hopper, can slide along the fixed plate again, and the removal of bottom plate on the fixed plate need not other external force and can accomplish, and this structure is not only simple, convenient realization, energy-concerving and environment-protective moreover.
(4) The stop block enables the returned conveying hopper to drive the bottom plate to return through the stop block, so that the continuity of the bottom plate along with the reciprocating of the conveying hopper is guaranteed, the power consumption is saved through a simple mechanical structure, and the purposes of energy conservation and environmental protection are achieved.
(5) The tension spring traction baffle moves along with the conveying hopper, and the obliquely arranged tension spring can not lead the bottom plate to be separated from the conveying hopper in advance, so that the consumption of energy sources is reduced due to the use of the tension spring.
(6) The length of the bottom plate is greater than the length of the bottom surface of the conveying hopper, so that materials in the conveying hopper are prevented from being separated from the conveying hopper in advance to waste materials, and the purpose of saving raw materials is achieved.
(7) The conveying hopper is separated from the bottom plate on the conveying hopper through the baffle plate on the lower die, so that the conveying hopper releases materials and the materials are uniformly distributed.
(8) The auger further pulverizes the materials, so that the quality of bricks is prevented from being influenced by large sand and stone; the filter screen further prevents the oversized sand stone from entering the lower die to influence the quality of the brick; the sand and stone blocked on the filter screen is recycled, so that the waste is reduced, the energy is saved, the environment is protected, and the workload of cleaning the working environment in the later period is also lightened.
(9) The workbench below the guide rail recovers the materials scattered in the process of conveying the materials by the conveying hopper, so that the waste of raw materials is reduced, the energy is saved, the environment is protected, and the burden of cleaning the working environment in the later period is lightened.
Drawings
The invention will now be described by way of example and with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a left side view of the transfer hopper of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a right side view of the transfer hopper of FIG. 1;
in the figure: 1. an upper die; 2. a guide rail; 3. a lower die; 4. a frame; 6. a fixing plate; 8. a traveling gear; 9. a material receiving box; 10. a base; 11. a bottom plate; 12. a filter hopper; 13. a work table; 14. a cross beam; 15. a filter screen; 16. a hopper; 17. a tension spring; 18. a conveying hopper; 19. and a stop block.
Detailed Description
All of the features disclosed in this specification, or all of the steps in a method or process disclosed, may be combined in any combination, except for mutually exclusive features and/or steps.
The present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Examples
An environment-friendly hydraulic molding brick making device, as shown in figures 1-3, comprises a frame 4 and a vertical feeding bracket matched with the frame 4, wherein a feeding hopper 16 is arranged on the feeding bracket, and a base 10 is fixedly arranged at the bottom end of the feeding bracket; the lower die 3 and the upper die 1 are fixed on the frame 4, the upper die 1 is positioned right above the lower die 3 and is matched with the lower die 3, the brick materials entering the lower die 3 are pressurized, and then the demoulding is completed.
A pair of guide rails 2 are horizontally arranged on a frame 4, and the guide rails adopt racks in the invention; the racks are positioned on two sides above the lower die 3, namely the lower die 3 is positioned between the two racks; the rack is connected with a conveying hopper 18; the side wall of the conveying hopper 18 is symmetrically provided with a traveling gear 8 with racks respectively matched with each other; the conveying hopper 18 is of a square tubular structure and is positioned below the feeding hopper 16, a driving motor is arranged on the conveying hopper 18, the driving motor adopts a forward and reverse rotation motor, and the driving motor drives the travelling gear 8 to reciprocate along the rack; the bottom end of the conveying hopper 18 is horizontally provided with a bottom plate 11, and the bottom plate 11 is connected with the conveying hopper 18 through 2 symmetrically arranged fixing plates 6 and forms a box body with an opening at the upper end; the fixed plates 6 are symmetrically arranged at the bottom ends of the side walls of the conveying hopper 18, which are parallel to the guide rail 2, the section of each fixed plate 6 is L-shaped, and the projections of the two fixed plates 6 on the bottom plate 11 are not overlapped; the stop blocks 19 matched with the bottom plates 11 are arranged at one end of the fixed plates 6 far away from the feeding bracket, the stop blocks 19 are symmetrically arranged on the two fixed plates 6, the stop blocks 19 are contacted with the bottom plates 11, and the stop blocks 19 and the baffle plates 5 are not contacted, namely the baffle plates 5 do not block the stop blocks 19 and the fixed plates 6 to move forwards along with the conveying hopper 18; the projections of the two sides of the conveying hopper 18 perpendicular to the racks in the horizontal direction fall on the bottom plate 11.
The baffle plate matched with the bottom plate 11 is vertically arranged at one end of the lower die 3 close to the charging hopper 16, the baffle plate is positioned between the two fixed plates 6, and the top end surface of the baffle plate is positioned between the top end surface and the bottom end surface of the bottom plate 11, namely the baffle plate can prevent the bottom plate 11 from continuously moving forwards, a tension spring 17 connected with the bottom plate 11 is obliquely arranged on the baffle plate, and the tension spring 17 pulls the bottom plate 11 and the conveying hopper 18 to move together in the direction close to the lower die 3; a filter hopper 12 is arranged right below a discharge hole of the charging hopper 16, a filter screen 15 is horizontally arranged at the top end of the filter hopper 12, and the filter hopper 12 is fixed on a charging bracket through a cross beam 14; a pair of augers are obliquely arranged in the hopper 16; a material receiving box 9 is arranged between the rack and the feeding support, the material receiving box 9 is positioned below the filtering hopper 12, and the bottom end of the material receiving box 9 is provided with casters.
In the concrete implementation, after being crushed by an inclined dragon, the materials in the charging hopper 16 fall onto a filter screen 15 on the top end surface of the filter hopper 12 through a discharge port of the charging hopper 16, are filtered by the filter screen 15, enter the filter hopper 12, and enter a conveying hopper 18 below the filter hopper 12 through a discharge port of the filter hopper 12; a pair of traveling gears 8 on the conveying hopper 18 are driven by the driving motor 7 to move along the guide rail 2 in a direction approaching the lower die 3; the bottom plate 11 moves together with the conveying hopper 18 under the traction force of the tension spring 17, and the bottom plate 11 cannot exceed the conveying hopper 18 due to the stop block 19, so that the bottom plate 11 and the conveying hopper 18 synchronously move; when the bottom plate 11 is in contact with the baffle plate, the conveying hopper 18 continues to move, the bottom plate 11 stops moving and is gradually separated from the conveying hopper 18, and the materials in the conveying hopper 18 gradually release the materials into the lower die 3 until the materials in the conveying hopper 18 are completely released into the lower die 3; the conveying hopper 18 is not completely separated from the bottom plate 11, and when the conveying hopper 18 advances to the tail end of the guide rail 2, the bottom plate 11 is still supported by the fixed plate 6, namely, the projection of the bottom plate 11 and the fixed plate 6 on the same horizontal plane still partially overlaps at the moment, so that the bottom plate 11 is prevented from falling off; after the feeding is completed, the driving motor drives the conveying hopper 18 to return along the guide rail 2, when the conveying hopper 18 is in contact with the bottom plate 11, the bottom plate 11 enters the fixed plate 6, and moves along with the conveying hopper 18 along the direction approaching the feeding hopper 16 under the action of the stop block 19 until the conveying hopper 18 advances to the initial position.
In the process of conveying materials along the guide rail 2 by the conveying hopper 18, when materials leak from the conveying hopper 18, the leaked materials fall on a workbench 20 which is horizontally arranged and has a cuboid structure, and the materials on the workbench 20 are cleaned and recovered; the sand and stone blocked on the filter screen 15 is recycled, so that the waste is reduced, the energy is saved, the environment is protected, and the workload of cleaning the working environment in the later period is also reduced.

Claims (8)

1. An environment-friendly hydraulic molding brick making device comprises a frame and a feeding bracket arranged on one side of the frame and matched with the frame, wherein a hopper is arranged on the feeding bracket, and a base is arranged at the bottom end of the feeding bracket; the machine frame is fixedly provided with a lower die and an upper die, the upper die is arranged right above the lower die and is matched with the lower die, and the machine frame is characterized in that a pair of guide rails are symmetrically arranged on the machine frame, one end of each guide rail is arranged between the upper die and the lower die, the other end of each guide rail is arranged right below a charging hopper, and the lower die is arranged between the two guide rails; the guide rail is connected with a conveying hopper which is of a square tubular structure, a driving motor is arranged on the conveying hopper, a bottom plate is arranged at the bottom of the conveying hopper, and the bottom plate is connected with the conveying hopper through 2 symmetrically arranged fixing plates and forms a box body with an opening at the upper end; the fixing plates are symmetrically arranged at the bottom ends of the side walls of the conveying hopper, which are parallel to the guide rails, and the cross sections of the fixing plates are L-shaped; and a baffle plate matched with the bottom plate is arranged at one end of the lower die, which is close to the charging hopper.
2. The environment-friendly hydraulic forming brick making equipment according to claim 1, wherein the guide rail is a horizontally arranged rack, and walking gears matched with the guide rail are symmetrically arranged on the side wall of the conveying hopper.
3. The environment-friendly hydraulic molding brick making equipment according to claim 2, wherein the baffle is obliquely provided with a tension spring connected with the bottom plate.
4. The environment-friendly hydraulic forming brick making equipment according to claim 3, wherein one end of the fixed plate, which is far away from the feeding bracket, is provided with a stop block matched with the bottom plate; the projections of the two fixing plates on the bottom plate are not overlapped.
5. The apparatus according to claim 4, wherein projections of two sides of the conveying hopper perpendicular to the guide rail in a horizontal direction fall on the bottom plate.
6. The environmentally friendly hydroformed brick making device according to claim 5, wherein the baffle is positioned between the two fixed plates and the top end surface of the baffle does not exceed the top end surface of the bottom plate.
7. The environment-friendly hydraulic forming brick making equipment according to claim 6, wherein a filter hopper is arranged below the charging hopper, a filter screen is horizontally arranged at the top end of the filter hopper, and the filter hopper is fixed on the charging bracket through a cross beam; a pair of augers are obliquely arranged in the charging hopper; a material receiving box is arranged between the guide rail and the feeding support, and casters are arranged at the bottom end of the material receiving box.
8. The environment-friendly hydraulic forming brick making equipment according to claim 7, wherein a workbench with a cuboid structure is horizontally arranged at the bottom end of the frame; the guide rail does not exceed the workbench.
CN201810133213.XA 2018-02-09 2018-02-09 Environment-friendly hydraulic forming brick making equipment Active CN108044770B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810133213.XA CN108044770B (en) 2018-02-09 2018-02-09 Environment-friendly hydraulic forming brick making equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810133213.XA CN108044770B (en) 2018-02-09 2018-02-09 Environment-friendly hydraulic forming brick making equipment

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN108044770A CN108044770A (en) 2018-05-18
CN108044770B true CN108044770B (en) 2024-03-22

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110614066B (en) * 2019-10-17 2024-04-12 嘉兴学院 Particle manufacturing device and manufacturing method for rock soil lithology experiment

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203391085U (en) * 2013-08-28 2014-01-15 巩义市康店兴华机械厂 Automatic feeding and brick picking system with pressure machine
CN103991126A (en) * 2014-04-29 2014-08-20 浙江海洋学院 Wall brick forming equipment
CN204736294U (en) * 2015-06-28 2015-11-04 洪文彬 Novel block forming machine
CN106738217A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-05-31 黎明 Brickmaking machine with manipulator
CN206967720U (en) * 2017-06-27 2018-02-06 尚伟 A kind of semi-automatic precast concrete member production line
CN207509441U (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-06-19 河南建筑材料研究设计院有限责任公司 A kind of environment-friendly type hydro-forming brick equipment

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203391085U (en) * 2013-08-28 2014-01-15 巩义市康店兴华机械厂 Automatic feeding and brick picking system with pressure machine
CN103991126A (en) * 2014-04-29 2014-08-20 浙江海洋学院 Wall brick forming equipment
CN204736294U (en) * 2015-06-28 2015-11-04 洪文彬 Novel block forming machine
CN106738217A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-05-31 黎明 Brickmaking machine with manipulator
CN206967720U (en) * 2017-06-27 2018-02-06 尚伟 A kind of semi-automatic precast concrete member production line
CN207509441U (en) * 2018-02-09 2018-06-19 河南建筑材料研究设计院有限责任公司 A kind of environment-friendly type hydro-forming brick equipment

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