CN105500518A - Prefabricated stair production line and production method - Google Patents

Prefabricated stair production line and production method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105500518A
CN105500518A CN201610033369.1A CN201610033369A CN105500518A CN 105500518 A CN105500518 A CN 105500518A CN 201610033369 A CN201610033369 A CN 201610033369A CN 105500518 A CN105500518 A CN 105500518A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
station
mould
stair
die
maintenance
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610033369.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
唐永华
王国福
刘光辉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shandong Zhongxin Green Building Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shandong Zhongxin Green Building Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Shandong Zhongxin Green Building Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Shandong Zhongxin Green Building Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610033369.1A priority Critical patent/CN105500518A/en
Publication of CN105500518A publication Critical patent/CN105500518A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B1/00Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material
    • B28B1/08Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material by vibrating or jolting
    • B28B1/093Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material by vibrating or jolting by means directly acting on the material, e.g. by cores wholly or partly immersed in the material or elements acting on the upper surface of the material
    • B28B1/0935Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material by vibrating or jolting by means directly acting on the material, e.g. by cores wholly or partly immersed in the material or elements acting on the upper surface of the material using only elements wholly or partly immersed in the material, e.g. cores
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B11/00Apparatus or processes for treating or working the shaped or preshaped articles
    • B28B11/24Apparatus or processes for treating or working the shaped or preshaped articles for curing, setting or hardening
    • B28B11/245Curing concrete articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B13/00Feeding the unshaped material to moulds or apparatus for producing shaped articles; Discharging shaped articles from such moulds or apparatus
    • B28B13/02Feeding the unshaped material to moulds or apparatus for producing shaped articles
    • B28B13/0215Feeding the moulding material in measured quantities from a container or silo
    • B28B13/026Feeding the moulding material in measured quantities from a container or silo by using a movable hopper transferring the moulding material to the moulding cavities
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B15/00General arrangement or layout of plant Industrial outlines, plant installations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B17/00Details of, or accessories for, apparatus for shaping the material; Auxiliary measures taken in connection with such shaping
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B23/00Arrangements specially adapted for the production of shaped articles with elements wholly or partly embedded in the moulding material; Production of reinforced objects
    • B28B23/02Arrangements specially adapted for the production of shaped articles with elements wholly or partly embedded in the moulding material; Production of reinforced objects wherein the elements are reinforcing members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B7/00Moulds; Cores; Mandrels
    • B28B7/22Moulds for making units for prefabricated buildings, i.e. units each comprising an important section of at least two limiting planes of a room or space, e.g. cells; Moulds for making prefabricated stair units
    • B28B7/225Moulds for making units for prefabricated buildings, i.e. units each comprising an important section of at least two limiting planes of a room or space, e.g. cells; Moulds for making prefabricated stair units for making stairs or stair units comprising more than one step
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B7/00Moulds; Cores; Mandrels
    • B28B7/24Unitary mould structures with a plurality of moulding spaces, e.g. moulds divided into multiple moulding spaces by integratable partitions, mould part structures providing a number of moulding spaces in mutual co-operation
    • B28B7/241Detachable assemblies of mould parts providing only in mutual co-operation a number of complete moulding spaces

Abstract

The invention discloses a prefabricated stair production line. The prefabricated stair production line is characterized by comprising a mold cleaning station, a steel bar installation station, a material feeding station, a vibrating station, a maintenance area and a demolding station, wherein the mold cleaning station is used for cleaning a mold; the steel bar installation station is used for installing steel bars in the mold; the material feeding station is used for pouring concrete into the mold where the steel bars are installed ready; the vibrating station is used for vibrating and compacting the concrete in the mold; the maintenance area is used for maintaining stairs in the mold; the demolding station is used for separating the maintained stairs from the mold. According to the prefabricated stair production line, assembly line type production is adopted, the mold is in cyclic utilization, all the production stations cooperate with one another, production efficiency of the prefabricated stairs is effectively improved, the whole production line is divided into the stations, and production management and quality control are facilitated.

Description

A kind of precast stair production line and production method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technical field of stair Prefabrication equipment, particularly a kind of precast stair production line and production method.
Background technology
Current China architecture construction mode adopts scene to build mostly, and (watering) builds, handwork, and industrialized level is low, and systematized complete set technology is integrated and integral level is poor, and labor productivity is low, and house comprehensive quality is low.Along with the fast development of China's urbanization and process of modernization, highly energy-consuming, the inefficient problem of traditional construction mode seriously hinder sustainable economic development.Carry out the inevitable requirement that building industry industrialization is industry restructuring and transforms mode of economic growth.
Assembled architecture is adopted to be the industrialized grand strategy of building industry.Prefabricated components major part all completes in plant produced, assembles at the construction field (site).Effectively can enhance productivity, reduce energy resource consumption, meet China's green building industrial strategy requirement.
Stair are the pith in building element.Precast stair carries out building production in factory, is transported to in-site installation.In prior art, precast stair is when factory carries out cast production, and production efficiency is lower.The deficiencies in the prior art part that Here it is.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention, is exactly for the deficiency existing for prior art, and provides a kind of precast stair production line, can improve the production efficiency of precast stair.
This programme is achieved by the following technical measures:
A kind of precast stair production line, is characterized in that: comprise
Mold cleaning station, for clearing up mould;
Reinforcement installation station, for installing reinforcing bar in a mold;
Cloth station, for cast concrete in the mould installing reinforcing bar;
Vibrate station, for the concrete in vibration compacting mould;
Maintenance district, for the maintenance of stair in mould;
Demoulding station, is separated with the stair after maintenance for mould.
On the basis of technique scheme, further technical scheme can also be had:
Preferably, described precast stair production line also comprises the mould orbit matched with mold cleaning station, reinforcement installation station, cloth station, the station that vibrates, maintenance district and demoulding station, and described mould can move along mould orbit.
Preferably, described maintenance district comprises precuring district and secondary maintenance district, described demoulding station comprises de-side form station and stripping station station, stair in described mould are after precuring district completes precuring, pulled down by side form in mould at de-side form station, after side form is pulled down, die station and stair enter secondary maintenance district and carry out secondary maintenance, after secondary maintenance, at stripping station station, die station is separated with stair.Adopt the technical program, add the operation of de-side form after precuring, side form entered next circulation in advance and produced, and can greatly reduce the production quantity of side form, greatly reduce production cost not containing side form the stage of secondary maintenance.
Preferably, the side form that described mould comprises die station and is detachably fixedly connected with die station, described die station and side form form die cavity, and described die station comprises bed die, are arranged on the internal mold on bed die, and the end mould that the internal mold left and right sides is detachably fixedly connected with respectively.Adopt the technical program, hold mould and internal mold, hold mould and bed die to be split-type structural, when the end construction of the stair of Prefabrication or end size change, do not need to change whole die station, only need to change end mould, on the one hand, the cost of Prefabrication stair can be reduced, another is convenient, is convenient for changing, time saving and energy saving.
Preferably, described side form is provided with two, and two side forms are separately positioned on the both sides, front and back of internal mold, and described bed die, internal mold, end mould and side form form two die cavitys.Adopt the technical program, use this mould once can prefabricated processing two stair, substantially increase production efficiency.
Preferably, described cloth station is provided with material distributing machine, and described material distributing machine comprises cloth bucket, and described cloth bucket can move on cloth bucket walker, and described cloth bucket is provided with the feed opening corresponding with die cavity.Adopt the technical program, cloth bucket can move on cloth walker, and cloth bucket directly can carry out concentrated cloth from concrete mixing plant fortune concrete to stairway die, and cloth is convenient, and cloth efficiency is high.
Preferably, vibrate described on station and be provided with tamping equipment.
Preferably, described tamping equipment comprises frame, the vertical movable stand described frame being provided with vertical mobile drive deivce and being driven by vertical mobile drive deivce, described vertical movable stand is connected with multiple concrete vibrating mechanism, described concrete vibrating mechanism comprises the motor and by the motor-driven vibrating spear that vibrates of vibrating, described in the motor that vibrates be fixedly connected with vertical movable stand.
Preferably, the transverse shifting frame described frame being provided with transverse shifting drive unit and being driven by transverse shifting drive unit, described vertical mobile drive deivce and the vertical movable stand driven by vertical mobile drive deivce are arranged on transverse shifting frame.Adopt the technical program, described concrete vibrating mechanism laterally and vertically can move in die cavity, and then can the concrete in whole die cavity be vibrated preferably, this tamping equipment can replace manually, substantially increase vibration efficiency and quality of vibrating, described transverse shifting refers to the movement along stair length direction.
Preferably, described mould orbit is provided with conveying device.
Preferably, described conveying device comprises vehicle frame, described vehicle frame is provided with pusher, described pusher includes the propelling movement pipe driven by power set, the upper end of described propelling movement pipe is provided with at least one through hole, the propelling movement block mated with through hole is provided with in described propelling movement pipe, described propelling movement block is rotatably connected with propelling movement pipe, in its natural state, the top of described propelling movement block is passed through hole and is exceeded the propelling movement face pushing pipe, under external force, when described propelling movement block only has the direction to propelling movement material to rotate, just make the top pushing block less than or equal to the propelling movement face pushing pipe.
Preferably, described conveying device comprises the first conveying device be arranged between reinforcement installation station and cloth station, second conveying device of vibrating between station and precuring district, and the 3rd conveying device between secondary maintenance district and stripping station station.
Preferably, described de-side form station, stripping station station and reinforcement installation station are equipped with driving crane.
Preferably, described de-side form station and clear up between die-filling station and be provided with side form transport vehicle, described stripping station station place is provided with stair transporter.
A production method for precast stair, it comprises the steps:
(1) mold cleaning is clean;
(2) prefabricated reinforcing bar put into mould and fix;
(3) to cast concrete in mould;
(4) by close for the concrete vibrating in mould;
(5) maintenance, and stair are separated with mould;
(6) repetitive cycling above-mentioned steps.
Adopt the technical program, the production method of this precast stair, effectively raises the production efficiency of precast stair.
Preferably, above-mentioned steps is further refined as:
(1) at mold cleaning station, die station and side form are cleaned out, enter reinforcement installation station;
(2) at reinforcement installation station, prefabricated reinforcing bar is put into mould also to fix, enter cloth station;
(3) in mould, be distributed into concrete at cloth station, enter the station that vibrates;
(4) at the station that vibrates by closely knit for the concrete vibrating in mould;
(5) in maintenance district, maintenance is carried out to the stair in mould, carry out the demoulding at demoulding station, mould is transported to mold cleaning station;
(6) repetitive cycling above-mentioned steps.
Adopt the technical program, the mould that precast stair uses can reuse.
Preferably, the die station after cleaning can be fixedly connected with at mold cleaning station or reinforcement installation station with side form.
Preferably, after being completed by mold cleaning, form removal agent can be smeared on mould intracavity wall.Adopt the technical program, the inwall of mould is smeared form removal agent and facilitates form removal.
Preferably, above-mentioned steps (5) specifically comprises:
(5.1) stair in mould are in the maintenance of precuring district;
(5.2), after stair initial set, the side form in mould is pulled down;
(5.3) mould after side form and stair are pulled down in secondary maintenance district's maintenance;
(5.4) die station is separated with stair after reaching collapsible die intensity by stair.
Adopt the technical program, after stair initial set, side form is pulled down, the maintenance speed of stair can be accelerated.
Preferably, in step (5.2), the side form pulled down can be arranged in pairs or groups with other die station and be used.Adopt the technical program, the consumption of side form can be greatly reduced, reduce production cost.
Preferably, step (5) is further refined as:
(5.1) stair in mould are in the maintenance of precuring district;
(5.2) after stair initial set, enter de-side form station, pulled down by the side form in mould, and side form is transported to mold cleaning station, the side form pulled down and the collocation of other die station use;
(5.3) be transported to secondary maintenance district carry out maintenance by pulling down the die station after side form and stair;
(5.4) stair are transported to stripping station station and die station are separated with stair after reaching collapsible die intensity, and stair are transported to stair storage space, and die station is transported to mold cleaning station and clears up.
Beneficial effect of the present invention can be learnt from above-mentioned technical scheme: a kind of precast stair production line, is characterized in that: comprise mold cleaning station, for clearing up mould; Reinforcement installation station, for installing reinforcing bar in a mold; Cloth station, for cast concrete in the mould installing reinforcing bar; Vibrate station, for the concrete in vibration compacting mould; Maintenance district, for the maintenance of stair in mould; Demoulding station, is separated with the stair after maintenance for mould.This precast stair production line adopts pipeline system to produce, and mould recycles, and each is produced station and coordinates, and effectively raise the production efficiency of precast stair, whole production line is divided into each station, is conducive to production management and quality control.
As can be seen here, compared with prior art, have outstanding substantive distinguishing features and significant progress, its beneficial effect implemented also is apparent in the present invention.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly in technical scheme of the present invention, be briefly described to the accompanying drawing used required in description below, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes is only some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, under the prerequisite not paying creative work, other accompanying drawing can also be obtained according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of precast stair production line;
Fig. 2 is the plan structure schematic diagram of precast stair mould;
Fig. 3 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of precast stair mould;
Fig. 4 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of material distributing machine;
Fig. 5 is the side-looking structural representation of material distributing machine;
Fig. 6 is the plan structure schematic diagram of cloth bucket in Fig. 4;
Fig. 7 is the side-looking structural representation of cloth bucket in Fig. 4;
Fig. 8 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of tamping equipment;
Fig. 9 is the side-looking structural representation of tamping equipment;
Figure 10 is the plan structure schematic diagram of tamping equipment;
Figure 11 is the plan structure schematic diagram of the first conveying device;
Figure 12 is the structural representation of pusher;
Figure 13 is the side view of Figure 12.
In figure: 1-reinforcement installation station, 2-cloth station, 3-vibrates station, 4-precuring district, 5-takes off side form station, 6-bis-maintenance districts, 7-stripping station station, 8-mold cleaning station, 9-material distributing machine, 9.1-walking beam column, 9.2-walking beam, 9.3-cloth bucket body, 9.4-electric pushrod, 9.5-ribs, 9.6-groove, 9.7-active roller, 9.8-return idler, 9.9-feed opening, 9.10-power set, 9.11-striker plate, 9.12-connecting rod, 9.13-active rotating shaft, 10-tamping equipment, 10.1-frame, 10.2-transverse shifting frame, 10.3-guide rail, 10.4-transverse shifting drive unit, the 10.5-axis of guide, the motor 10.6-vibrate, 10.7-vibrating spear, the motor mounting rack 10.8-vibrate, 10.9-vertical movable stand, 10.10-vertical mobile drive deivce, 10.11-foundation bolt, 11-first conveying device, 11.1-vehicle frame, 11.2-push pipe, 11.3-through hole, 11.4-propelling movement block, 11.5-gathering sill, 11.6-guide rail, 11.7-power set, 11.8-connecting axle, 11.9-push wheel, 12-second conveying device, 13-the 3rd conveying device, 14-side form transport vehicle, 15-stair transporter, 16-mould, 16.1-bed die, 16.2-internal mold, 16.3-side form, 16.4-end mould, 16.5-connecting plate, 16.6-bolt I, 16.7-road wheel, 16.8-bolt II, 17-maintenance district, 18-drives a vehicle, 19-mould orbit.
Detailed description of the invention
For making goal of the invention of the present invention, feature, advantage can be more obvious and understandable; specific embodiment and accompanying drawing will be used below; the technical scheme of the present invention's protection is clearly and completely described; obviously; the embodiments described below are only the present invention's part embodiments, and the embodiment of not all.Based on the embodiment in this patent, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making other embodiments all obtained under creative work prerequisite, all belong to the scope of this patent protection.
A kind of precast stair production line, comprise mold cleaning station 8, for clearing up die station and side form 16.3, mold cleaning station can clean mould, and mould intracavity wall is smeared form removal agent etc.;
Reinforcement installation station 1, for installing reinforcing bar in mould 16;
Cloth station 2, for cast concrete in the mould 16 installing reinforcing bar;
Vibrate station 3, for the concrete in vibration compacting mould;
Maintenance district 17, for the maintenance of stair in mould 16;
Demoulding station, is separated with the stair after maintenance for mould 16.Preferably, first on mold cleaning station, die station can be fixedly connected with side form, also can first reinforcing bar be fixed in die station, die station and side form are being fixed.
This precast stair production line adopts pipeline system to produce, and mould recycles, and each is produced station and coordinates, and effectively raise the production efficiency of precast stair, whole production line is divided into each station, is conducive to production management and quality control.
On the basis of technique scheme, further technical scheme can also be had:
In this programme, described precast stair production line also comprises the mould orbit 19 matched with mold cleaning station 8, reinforcement installation station 1, cloth station 2, the station 3 that vibrates, maintenance district 17 and demoulding station, and described mould 16 moves along mould orbit 19.
In this programme, described maintenance district comprises precuring district 4 and secondary maintenance district 6, described demoulding station comprises de-side form station 5 and stripping station station 7, stair in described mould 16 are after precuring district 4 completes precuring, pulled down by side form 16.3 in mould at de-side form station 5, after side form 16.3 is pulled down, stair and die station enter secondary maintenance district 6 and carry out secondary maintenance, after secondary maintenance, at stripping station station 7, die station is separated with stair.Add the operation of de-side form after precuring, side form 16.3 entered next circulation in advance and produced, and can greatly reduce the production quantity of side form 16.3, greatly reduce production cost not containing side form 16.3 stage of secondary maintenance.
In this programme, the side form 16.3 that described mould 16 comprises die station and is detachably fixedly connected with die station, described die station and side form 16.3 form die cavity, described die station comprises bed die 16.1, be arranged on the internal mold 16.2 on bed die 16.1, and the end mould 16.4 that internal mold 16.2 left and right sides is detachably fixedly connected with respectively.Described end mould 16.4 with internal mold 16.2, hold mould 16.4 and bed die 16.1 to be split-type structural, when the end construction of the stair of Prefabrication or end size change, do not need to change whole die station, only need to change end mould 16.4, on the one hand, can reduce the cost of Prefabrication stair, another is convenient, be convenient for changing, time saving and energy saving.
In this programme, described side form 16.3 is provided with two, two side forms are separately positioned on the both sides, front and back of internal mold 16.2, described bed die 16.1, internal mold 16.2, end mould 16.4 and side form 16.3 form two die cavitys, use this mould once can prefabricated processing two stair, substantially increase production efficiency.
In this programme, described end mould 16.4 is connected with internal mold 16.2 by connecting plate 16.5.
In this programme, described connecting plate 16.5 is fixedly connected with by bolt I 16.6 with internal mold 16.2, can convenient, fast, exactly end mould 16.4 is fixedly connected with internal mold 16.2.
In this programme, described mould 16 also comprises side form and closes guider, described side form closes guider and comprises guiding mechanism, detent mechanism and bindiny mechanism, described guiding mechanism is arranged on bottom die station, detent mechanism can slide along guiding mechanism, described side form is fixed through bindiny mechanism and detent mechanism, is provided with side form and closes guider and side mold accurately can be located.
In this programme, described bed die 16.1 is one-body molded with internal mold 16.2.
In this programme, described side form 16.3 is detachably fixedly connected with bed die 16.1.Described side form 16.3 is connected with bed die 16.1, instead of is connected with end mould 16.4, can be convenient for changing end mould 16.4.
In this programme, described side form 16.3 is connected with bed die 16.1 by bolt II 16.8.
In this programme, the bottom of described die station is provided with road wheel 16.7.
In this programme, the outer wall of described side form 16.3 is furnished with lightening grooves, connects side form 16.3 and install in lightening grooves with the bolt II 16.8 of bed die 16.1.
In this programme, described cloth station 2 is provided with material distributing machine, described material distributing machine 9 comprises cloth bucket, and described cloth bucket can move on cloth bucket walker, described cloth bucket is provided with the feed opening 9.9 corresponding with die cavity.Cloth bucket can move on cloth walker, and cloth bucket directly can carry out concentrated cloth from concrete mixing plant fortune concrete to stairway die, and cloth is convenient, and cloth efficiency is high.
In this programme, described cloth bucket comprises cloth bucket body 9.3 and the striker plate 9.11 for controlling feed opening 9.9 opening and closing.
In this programme, described striker plate 9.11 is provided with two, and two striker plates 9.11 control the opening and closing of two feed openings 9.9 respectively.
In this programme, one end and the cloth bucket body 9.3 of described striker plate 9.11 are hinged, described striker plate 9.11 is promoted to rotate by the electric pushrod 9.4 be arranged on cloth bucket, and one end of described electric pushrod 9.4 is hinged with connecting rod 9.12, and described connecting rod 9.12 is fixedly connected with striker plate 9.9.
In this programme, described striker plate 9.9 is the pull plate driven by power set.
In this programme, described cloth bucket is connected with the active rotating shaft 9.13 driven by power set, described active rotating shaft 9.13 is provided with the active roller 9.7 that at least one coordinates with cloth bucket walker, described cloth bucket is also connected with at least one return idler 9.8 coordinated with active roller 9.7.
In this programme, the two ends of described active rotating shaft 9.13 are respectively arranged with active roller 9.7.
In this programme, described cloth bucket is connected with driven spindle, and the two ends of described driven spindle are respectively arranged with return idler 9.8.
In this programme, described cloth bucket walker comprises walking beam column 9.1 and is fixedly installed on the walking beam 9.2 on walking beam column 9.1.
In this programme, described walking beam 9.2 is provided with groove 9.6.Described active roller 9.7 and return idler 9.8 roll in groove 9.6, add the stability of cloth bucket movement.
In this programme, described cloth bucket moves on cloth bucket walker and the opening and closing of feed opening 9.9 is Remote control, also can control manually
In this programme, described tamping equipment comprises frame 10.1, the vertical movable stand 10.9 described frame 10.1 being provided with vertical mobile drive deivce 10.10 and being driven by vertical mobile drive deivce 10.10, described vertical movable stand 10.9 is connected with multiple concrete vibrating mechanism, described concrete vibrating mechanism comprises vibrate motor 10.6 and the vibrating spear 10.7 that driven by the motor 10.6 that vibrates, described in the motor 10.6 that vibrates be fixedly connected with vertical movable stand 10.9.
In this programme, the transverse shifting frame 10.2 described frame 10.1 being provided with transverse shifting drive unit 10.4 and being driven by transverse shifting drive unit 10.4, described vertical mobile drive deivce 10.10 and the vertical movable stand 10.9 driven by vertical mobile drive deivce 10.10 are arranged on transverse shifting frame 10.2.Described concrete vibrating mechanism laterally and vertically can move in die cavity, and then can the concrete in whole die cavity be vibrated preferably, this tamping equipment can replace manually, and substantially increase vibration efficiency and quality of vibrating, described transverse shifting refers to the movement along stair length direction.
In this programme, described in the motor 10.6 that vibrates be fixedly mounted on and vibrate on motor mounting rack 10.8, described in the motor mounting rack 10.8 that vibrates be fixed on vertical movable stand 10.9.
In this programme, described transverse shifting frame 10.2 is provided with the guider I coordinated with vertical movable stand 10.9, guider I is set and can ensures the stability that vertical movable stand 10.9 runs.
In this programme, described guider I is the multiple axis of guides 10.5 vertically arranged.
In this programme, described frame 10.1 is provided with the guider II coordinated with transverse shifting frame 10.2, guider II is set and can ensures the stability that transverse shifting frame 10.2 runs.
In this programme, described guider II is the guide rail 10.3 coordinated with transverse shifting frame.
In this programme, described multiple concrete vibrating mechanism is divided into two groups, and two die cavitys respectively on corresponding mould, this tamping equipment can be vibrated two die cavitys simultaneously, improve vibration efficiency.
In this programme, described multiple concrete vibrating mechanism is divided into two groups that be arranged in parallel.
In this programme, described frame 10.1 is fixed on ground by foundation bolt 10.11.
In this programme, described transverse shifting drive unit 10.4 is cylinder or hydraulic cylinder, and described vertical mobile drive deivce 10.10 is cylinder or hydraulic cylinder.
In this programme, described frame 10.1 is provided with warning device, described warning device and concrete vibrating mechanism one_to_one corresponding, described warning device is electrically connected with control device.When some concrete vibrating mechanisms break down, corresponding warning device is reported to the police, and can warn the timely repair and replacement of staff, avoid concrete vibrating mechanism repair and replacement not in time on the impact of effect of vibrating.
In this programme, described mould orbit is provided with conveying device.
In this programme, described conveying device comprises the first conveying device 11 be arranged between reinforcement installation station 1 and cloth station 2, second conveying device 12 of vibrating between station 3 and precuring district 4, and the 3rd conveying device 13 between secondary maintenance district 6 and stripping station station 7.
Preferably, described first conveying device comprises vehicle frame 11.1, described vehicle frame 11.1 is provided with pusher, described pusher includes the propelling movement pipe 11.2 driven by power set 11.7, the upper end of described propelling movement pipe 11.2 is provided with at least one through hole 11.3, the propelling movement block 11.4 mated with through hole 11.3 is provided with in described propelling movement pipe 11.2, described propelling movement block 11.4 is rotatably connected with propelling movement pipe 11.2, (described nature refers to a gravitate in its natural state, and not by other active forces), the top of described propelling movement block 11.4 is passed through hole 11.3 and is exceeded the propelling movement face pushing pipe 11.2, under external force, when described propelling movement block 11.4 only has the direction to propelling movement material to rotate, just make the top pushing block 11.4 less than or equal to the propelling movement face pushing pipe 11.2.The structure of this conveying device is simple, easy to use.When power set 11.7 promotion propelling movement pipe 11.2 advances, pushed material promotes to advance by pushing block 11.4, when power set 11.7 drive and push pipe 11.2 rollback, the propelling movement block 11.4 pushing material retreats, propelling movement block 11.4 above can rotate to the direction that material advances under the effect of material, make the top of propelling movement block 11.4 above less than or equal to the propelling movement face pushing pipe 11.2, when propelling movement block 11.4 when above moves to the rear pushing material, push block 11.4 above and reply nature, its top is passed through hole 11.3 and is exceeded the propelling movement face pushing pipe 11.2, propelling movement block 11.4 above continues to push material, and propelling movement block 11.4 below can push next material.
In this programme, described propelling movement pipe 11.2 is connected with and pushes wheel 11.9.Push pipe 11.2 and be connected with the movement pushing wheel 11.9 convenient propelling movement pipe 11.2.
In this programme, described pusher also comprises the gathering sill 11.5 coordinated with propelling movement pipe 11.2, and described gathering sill 11.5 is fixed on vehicle frame 11.1.Gathering sill 11.5 is set and can plays guide effect to propelling movement pipe 11.2.
In this programme, the both sides of described propelling movement pipe 11.2 are provided with gathering sill 11.5, and described propelling movement wheel 11.9 is arranged in gathering sill 11.5.
In this programme, described propelling movement block 11.4 is connected with propelling movement pipe 11.2 by connecting axle 11.8.
In this programme, described vehicle frame 11.1 is also provided with the guide rail 11.6 coordinated with the material pushed.Be provided with guide rail 11.6 can play guiding effect to the material pushed.
In this programme, the lower end of described vehicle frame 11.1 is connected with movable pulley.The below of vehicle frame 11.1 arranges the movement that movable pulley facilitates conveying device.
In this programme, the moving direction of described conveying device is vertical with the propelling movement direction of pusher.
In this programme, described vehicle frame 11.1 is also provided with stopping means, when pusher is return, described stopping means carries out spacing to the material pushed, and prevents the material pushed from returning along with pusher.
In this programme, described power set 11.7 are cylinder or hydraulic cylinder or electric pushrod.
Second conveying device is consistent with the first conveying device with the 3rd conveying device.
In this programme, described de-side form station, stripping station station and reinforcement installation station are equipped with driving crane.
In this programme, described de-side form station and clear up between die-filling station and be provided with side form transport vehicle, described stripping station station place is provided with stair transporter.
A production method for precast stair, it comprises the steps:
(1) at mold cleaning station 8, die station and side form 16.3 are cleaned out, enter reinforcement installation station 1;
(2) prefabricated reinforcing bar is fixedly mounted in mould 16, and die station and side form 16.3 are fixed, enter cloth station 2;
(3) at cloth station 2 by material distributing machine to cloth in mould, enter the station 3 that vibrates;
(4) at the station 3 that vibrates by tamping equipment vibration compacting, enter maintenance district 17;
(5.1) stair are in precuring district 4 maintenance, after stair initial set, enter de-side form station 5;
(5.2) at de-side form station 5, pulled down by side form 16.3, and side form 16.3 is transported to mold cleaning station 1, side form 16.3 and the collocation of other die station use;
(5.3) die station after pulling down side form 16.3 and stair are transported to secondary maintenance district 6 and carry out maintenance, stair are transported to stripping station station 7 and die station are separated with stair after reaching collapsible die intensity.
(5.4) at stripping station station 7, stair are transported to stair storage space, die station is transported to mold cleaning station 8 and clears up.
In this description, each embodiment adopts the mode of going forward one by one to describe, and what each embodiment stressed is the difference with other embodiments, identical similar portion reference mutually between each embodiment.
To the above-mentioned explanation of the disclosed embodiments, professional and technical personnel in the field are realized or uses the present invention.To be apparent for those skilled in the art to the multiple amendment of these embodiments, General Principle as defined herein can without departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention, realize in other embodiments.Therefore, the present invention can not be restricted to these embodiments shown in this article, but will meet the widest scope consistent with principle disclosed herein and features of novelty, creationary feature.

Claims (10)

1. a precast stair production line, is characterized in that: comprise
Mold cleaning station, for clearing up mould;
Reinforcement installation station, for installing reinforcing bar in a mold;
Cloth station, for cast concrete in the mould installing reinforcing bar;
Vibrate station, for the concrete in vibration compacting mould;
Maintenance district, for the maintenance of stair in mould;
Demoulding station, is separated with the stair after maintenance for mould.
2. precast stair production line according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also comprise the mould orbit matched with mold cleaning station, reinforcement installation station, cloth station, the station that vibrates, maintenance district and demoulding station, described mould can move along mould orbit.
3. precast stair production line according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described maintenance district comprises precuring district and secondary maintenance district; Preferably, described demoulding station comprises de-side form station and stripping station station, stair in described mould are after precuring district completes precuring, at de-side form station, the side form in mould is pulled down, after side form is pulled down, die station and stair enter secondary maintenance district and carry out secondary maintenance, after secondary maintenance, die station are separated with stair at stripping station station.
4. the precast stair production line according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterized in that: the side form that described mould comprises die station and is detachably fixedly connected with die station, described die station and side form form die cavity, described die station comprises bed die, be arranged on the internal mold on bed die, and the end mould that the internal mold left and right sides is detachably fixedly connected with respectively; Preferably, described side form is provided with two, and two side forms are separately positioned on the both sides, front and back of internal mold, and described bed die, internal mold, end mould and side form form two die cavitys.
5. the precast stair production line according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4, it is characterized in that: described cloth station is provided with material distributing machine, described material distributing machine comprises cloth bucket, and described cloth bucket can move on cloth bucket walker, and described cloth bucket is provided with the feed opening corresponding with die cavity.
6. the precast stair production line according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5, is characterized in that: be provided with tamping equipment vibrating on station; Preferably, described tamping equipment comprises frame, the vertical movable stand described frame being provided with vertical mobile drive deivce and being driven by vertical mobile drive deivce, described vertical movable stand is connected with multiple concrete vibrating mechanism, described concrete vibrating mechanism comprises the motor and by the motor-driven vibrating spear that vibrates of vibrating, described in the motor that vibrates be fixedly connected with vertical movable stand; Preferably, the transverse shifting frame described frame being provided with transverse shifting drive unit and being driven by transverse shifting drive unit, described vertical mobile drive deivce and the vertical movable stand driven by vertical mobile drive deivce are arranged on transverse shifting frame.
7. the precast stair production line according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6, is characterized in that: described mould orbit is provided with conveying device, preferably, described conveying device comprises vehicle frame, described vehicle frame is provided with pusher, described pusher includes the propelling movement pipe driven by power set, the upper end of described propelling movement pipe is provided with at least one through hole, the propelling movement block mated with through hole is provided with in described propelling movement pipe, described propelling movement block is rotatably connected with propelling movement pipe, in its natural state, the top of described propelling movement block is passed through hole and is exceeded the propelling movement face pushing pipe, under external force, when described propelling movement block only has the direction to propelling movement material to rotate, just make the top pushing block less than or equal to the propelling movement face pushing pipe.
8. precast stair production line according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described conveying device comprises the first conveying device be arranged between reinforcement installation station and cloth station, second conveying device of vibrating between station and precuring district, and the 3rd conveying device between secondary maintenance district and stripping station station; Preferably, described de-side form station, stripping station station and reinforcement installation station are equipped with driving crane; Preferably, described de-side form station and clear up between die-filling station and be provided with side form transport vehicle, described stripping station station place is provided with stair transporter.
9. a production method for the precast stair as described in claim as arbitrary in claim 1-8, is characterized in that: it comprises the steps:
(1) mold cleaning is clean;
(2) prefabricated reinforcing bar put into mould and fix;
(3) to cast concrete in mould;
(4) by close for the concrete vibrating in mould;
(5) maintenance, and stair are separated with mould;
(6) repetitive cycling above-mentioned steps;
Preferably, concrete steps are as follows:
(1) at mold cleaning station, die station and side form are cleaned out, enter reinforcement installation station;
(2) at reinforcement installation station, prefabricated reinforcing bar is put into mould also to fix, enter cloth station;
(3) in mould, be distributed into concrete at cloth station, enter the station that vibrates;
(4) at the station that vibrates by closely knit for the concrete vibrating in mould;
(5) in maintenance district, maintenance is carried out to the stair in mould, carry out the demoulding at demoulding station, mould is transported to mold cleaning station;
(6) repetitive cycling above-mentioned steps;
Preferably, the die station after cleaning can be fixedly connected with at mold cleaning station or reinforcement installation station with side form;
Preferably, after being completed by mold cleaning, mould inner wall is smeared form removal agent.
10. a production method for precast stair production line as claimed in claim 9, is characterized in that: above-mentioned steps (5) specifically comprises:
(5.1) stair in mould are in the maintenance of precuring district;
(5.2), after stair initial set, the side form in mould is pulled down;
(5.3) mould after side form and stair are pulled down in secondary maintenance district's maintenance;
(5.4) die station is separated with stair after reaching collapsible die intensity by stair;
Preferably, in step (5.2), the side form pulled down can be arranged in pairs or groups with other die station and be used;
Preferably, concrete steps are as follows:
(5.1) stair in mould are in the maintenance of precuring district;
(5.2) after stair initial set, enter de-side form station, pulled down by the side form in mould, and side form is transported to mold cleaning station, side form and the collocation of other die station use;
(5.3) be transported to secondary maintenance district carry out maintenance by pulling down the die station after side form and stair;
(5.4) stair are transported to stripping station station and die station are separated with stair after reaching collapsible die intensity, and stair are transported to stair storage space, and die station is transported to mold cleaning station and clears up.
CN201610033369.1A 2016-01-19 2016-01-19 Prefabricated stair production line and production method Pending CN105500518A (en)

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CN108247812A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-07-06 舒子杨 A kind of production method of precast concrete
CN108839225A (en) * 2018-06-14 2018-11-20 长兴睿鸿耐火材料有限公司 A kind of lip tile automatic production process
CN109382905A (en) * 2018-10-24 2019-02-26 江苏智信达建筑科技有限公司 A kind of production line of precast concrete
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CN106363796A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-02-01 山东电力管道工程公司 Vertical type flow-line forming method for PCCP cores
CN108247812A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-07-06 舒子杨 A kind of production method of precast concrete
CN108839225A (en) * 2018-06-14 2018-11-20 长兴睿鸿耐火材料有限公司 A kind of lip tile automatic production process
CN109382905A (en) * 2018-10-24 2019-02-26 江苏智信达建筑科技有限公司 A kind of production line of precast concrete
CN109382905B (en) * 2018-10-24 2021-04-20 江苏智信达建筑科技有限公司 Production line of precast concrete member
CN109531777A (en) * 2018-12-10 2019-03-29 天津城建大学 A kind of bilayer box girder with variable cross section method for prefabricating
CN110000892A (en) * 2019-05-22 2019-07-12 浙江元筑住宅产业化有限公司 A kind of production technology of prefabricated component stair
CN111070378A (en) * 2019-12-25 2020-04-28 上海市建筑科学研究院科技发展有限公司 Movable type floating tamping vibration equipment for concrete prefabricated part
CN111546481A (en) * 2020-04-13 2020-08-18 汪瑞兰 Stair railing mould cement irrigation equipment
CN112388809A (en) * 2020-11-17 2021-02-23 日照海盛智能装备有限公司 Prefabricated staircase lateral die sinking mold and preparation method of prefabricated staircase

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Application publication date: 20160420