CN107974748A - A kind of quick production technology for blotting fabric - Google Patents

A kind of quick production technology for blotting fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107974748A
CN107974748A CN201711190168.3A CN201711190168A CN107974748A CN 107974748 A CN107974748 A CN 107974748A CN 201711190168 A CN201711190168 A CN 201711190168A CN 107974748 A CN107974748 A CN 107974748A
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China
Prior art keywords
yarn
fabric
yarns
fiber
cotton
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CN201711190168.3A
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Inventor
瞿建新
刘梅城
张曙光
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Nantong Textile Vocational Technology College
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Nantong Textile Vocational Technology College
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Priority to CN201711190168.3A priority Critical patent/CN107974748A/en
Publication of CN107974748A publication Critical patent/CN107974748A/en
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D15/00Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/02Yarns or threads characterised by the material or by the materials from which they are made
    • D02G3/04Blended or other yarns or threads containing components made from different materials
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/02Yarns or threads characterised by the material or by the materials from which they are made
    • D02G3/04Blended or other yarns or threads containing components made from different materials
    • D02G3/042Blended or other yarns or threads containing components made from different materials all components being made from natural material
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D15/00Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used
    • D03D15/50Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used characterised by the properties of the yarns or threads
    • D03D15/56Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used characterised by the properties of the yarns or threads elastic
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2201/00Cellulose-based fibres, e.g. vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/01Natural vegetable fibres
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2201/00Cellulose-based fibres, e.g. vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/01Natural vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/02Cotton
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2331/00Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products
    • D10B2331/04Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products polyesters, e.g. polyethylene terephthalate [PET]
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2331/00Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products
    • D10B2331/10Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products polyurethanes
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2401/00Physical properties
    • D10B2401/22Physical properties protective against sunlight or UV radiation

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of quick production technology for blotting fabric, include the following steps:Product design;Winder;Warping;Sizing;Drawing-in;Weaving.The present invention by cool plus fibers, cotton, flaxen fiber these three fibers blended union, the comfort, conformality, rapid perspiration performance of fabric is reached a higher level, realize the mutual supplement with each other's advantages in performance.

Description

A kind of quick production technology for blotting fabric
Technical field
The invention belongs to fabric weaving field, and in particular to a kind of quick production technology for blotting fabric.
Background technology
With the improvement of living condition and the progress of science and technology, people increasingly pay attention to physical exercise, sportswear fabric are wanted Ask and stepped up with performance, traditional movement class fabric, it is not easy to which hydrofuge is breathed freely, and dress is sultry, and cotton class fabric is perspired in body After, fiber expands after absorbing moisture content, can be pasted with skin, therefore traditional sportswear fabric cannot meet the need of people Ask.Exploitation cool pl us quickly blot cotton crepe fabric, there is provided comfortable, dry and comfortable gym suit, to meet the needs of people.cool Pl us fibers, the one kind produced by TaiWan, China Zhong Xing limited companies have quick moisture absorption sweat discharging functions fiber, are poly- The combination of ester fiber and particular polymer, the section of fiber is special " ten " character form structure, and fiber surface has four trench Striped, sweat will be passed through from these stripeds, and quick beneficial to moisture content excludes.Intrastitial particular polymer, capillary wick Function is very strong, and moisture absorbing is very superior, and the fiber is very soft, will not be combined with hydrophily gene cluster, wetting is knitted The surface of thing.But polyester fiber regain is low easily to play electrostatic, pro-skin poor performance.The moisture pick-up properties of cotton fiber and flaxen fiber is all very Good, after cotton fiber moisture absorption, filament expansion can be pasted onto skin surface, allow people to have sticky feeling, and flaxen fiber has antistatic, anti-electric Magnetic, radiation proof function, and pro-skin performance is very superior, and the fabric that three kinds of fiber blends interweave, it is original to maintain cotton/flaxen fiber Comfort, gas permeability, nice and cool property, and be provided with the quick moisture absorption of cool pl us fibers, hydrofuge function, cotton fiber will not be again Moisture expantion, seems dry and comfortable when wearing, and realizes mutual supplement with each other's advantages of the multiple fiber in performance, which is mainly used as high-grade fortune Dynamic class garment material.
The content of the invention
Goal of the invention:In order to solve the deficiencies in the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of quick production work for blotting fabric Skill.
Technical solution:A kind of quick production technology for blotting fabric, it is characterised in that:Include the following steps:(1) product Design
(1) cool pl us fibers and cotton fiber mixed yarn are selected as warp thread, can achieve the purpose that quickly to blot and The cost of fabric can be reduced, while improves the comfort of fabric;The combination of both fibers, it is original easypro to remain cotton fiber Adaptive, gas permeability, quick further through cool pl us fibers blot performance, clothes is kept dry and comfortable, comfortable, real in performance Mutual supplement with each other's advantages is showed;(2) flaxen fiber has the title for the fiber that can be breathed, and dress is pleasant, and flaxen fiber is interfibrous in cylinder Obvolvent force difference, spinnability is poor, in order to improve the weavability of flaxen fiber, using cotton/hemp blended yarn as weft yarn;(3) add in weft yarn After having entered flaxen fiber, give the fabric some special functions, cool pl us fibers easily play electrostatic, and flaxen fiber has anti-quiet Electricity Functional, adds a small amount of flaxen fiber in fabric, with regard to that can eliminate electrostatic;Sportsman need often train in the wild, bear compared with Strong ultraviolet radiation, flaxen fiber have anti-electromagnetism, radiation proof function, thus the addition of flaxen fiber, give fabric new function, pole The earth improves the class of fabric, meets the demand of people;
(2) winder
HS-101CS semi-automatic bobbin winders are selected to carry out rewinding.Cool pl us/ cotton 14.6tex mixed yarns, cool plus Fiber is polyester fiber, easily plays electrostatic in production process, winder will use low velocity technique, the production of minimizing electrostatic, secondary filoplume Raw, winder speed is determined as 500m/min;Cotton/fiber crops 14.6tex mixed yarns, flaxen fiber easily produce sliding in cylinder, fiber, Winding process will use " low velocity, small tension receiving coil, protect elastic process ", and winder speed is determined as 500m/min;18tex*2+40D bullets Power yarn, strength is high, but yarn easily extends, therefore winding process will be with " protecting elasticity " for basic principle, and winder speed is determined as 650m/min;Fabric is frivolous high-grade fabric, higher to the quality requirement of yarn, is connect after Yarn break with hand-held splicer Head;
(3) warping
Using SGA211 type beam warpers, this fabric warp is the cool pl us/ silk/cotton blended yarns of 14.6tex, due to Cool plus yarns easily play electrostatic, therefore are carried out during warping with relatively low speed, and speed of beaming is controlled in 380m/min;Due to Speed of beaming is slow, and, it is necessary to carry out additional tension setting, additional tension is divided into three sections, and the weight of leading portion additional tension packing ring is 11 grams, stage casing is 10 grams, and back segment is 9 grams;Collective's creeling during warping;
3000, A yarns Pulan dyed yarn line, 96, side yarn, amounts to 3096, is made into 5 axis, warping is 619*4+ with axis 620*1;560, B yarn sky blues warp thread, individually into axis;C yarn sky blues body warp 238, D yarn sky blues wrap yarn 28, E Yarn sky blue wrap yarn 14, amounts to 280, is processed into an axis, and color yarn arrangement order is:2D, 9C, 1E, 8C, arrange 14 altogether Circulation;
Since the retraction force of wrap yarn is very big, at the end of warping, to prevent elastic force wrap yarn from bouncing back, avoid the formation of loose warp defect Point;
(4) sizing
S432 ancestrals gram sizing machine is selected to carry out sizing, formula of size:T-45 converted starches 53.5%, B-210 phosphates form sediment Powder 45%, antistatic additive 1.5%;
Drying chamber temperature:The control of drying chamber wet area's drying tube temperature at 115 DEG C -120 DEG C, do the control of area's drying tube temperature 95 DEG C - 100℃;
Sizing speed:Sizing is controlled between 40m/min-45m/min;
Mud-jacking technology:Warp thread is thinner, and when starching, which will be taken into account, to be impregnated with and be coated to, therefore mud-jacking technology uses light work after preceding weight Skill, the pressure of preceding squeezing roller is 18KN, and the pressure of post jacking roller is 12KN;
The rate of sizing:Control is 11%;
(5) drawing-in
While yarn per while 48, wear 1-2 page it is comprehensive, body warp wear 1-4 page it is comprehensive, suitable to wear, often reed 2 enters;
(6) weave
Woven using GA708 type air-jet looms, loom speed 600r/min;
Opening time:Fabric tissue is plain cloth, and opening time is determined as with early opening process, opening time 290°;
Weft insertion technique:Weft yarn beginning flying angle is set as 90 °, and weft yarn angle of arrival is preset as 230 °, and during actual production, weft yarn arrives Up to angle control at 220 ° -230 °, main jet spray whiff pressure control is controlled in 0.35Mpa, actual pressure in 0.3Mpa, the auxiliary power of spraying It can be appropriately adjusted according to the size of weft yarn angle of arrival, weft yarn is arrived earlier than 220 °, it is necessary to suitably reduce whiff pressure, weft yarn Angle of arrival is later than 230 °, then needs suitably to increase whiff pressure;
Using 7 groups of pilot jets, every group four, preceding four groups of auxiliary spray gauge control is within 6cm, rear two groups of auxiliary spray gauge controls Make in 4cm or so, specific weft insertion technique and be:It it is 72 ° when keeping off the release of yarn pin, main jet jet time is 62 ° -160 °, and first group auxiliary It is 62 ° -130 ° to help the jet nozzle time, second group of 80 ° -140 ° of pilot jet jet time, during the 3rd group of pilot jet jet Between 98 ° -158 °, the 4th group of 116 ° -176 ° of pilot jet jet time, the 5th group of 134 ° -194 ° of pilot jet jet time, Six groups of 152 ° -212 ° of pilot jet jet times, the 7th group of 170 ° -290 ° of pilot jet jet time;
Gentle breeze pressure:The weft yarn of 14.6tex weft yarns, gentle breeze are controlled in 0.08Mpa, and gentle breeze control less than normal, gentle breeze is small, weft yarn Backtwisting is few, favourable to the quality of raising fabric;The wrap yarn of 18tex*2+40D, due to flexible, to prevent weft yarn may be from master Slipped in nozzle, gentle breeze wants control bigger than normal, and gentle breeze is controlled in 0.10Mpa;
Back beam height:Back beam height is+1 scale, and using the high back rest, levels warp tension difference is big, is beaten beneficial to weft yarn Tightly;
Warp tension:Using hightension technique, the big shed open of tension force is easily clear, to wefting insertion than advantageous, due to warp thread root Number is fewer, and upper machine sets 100 kilograms of tension force;
Strengthen operational administrative of keeping off a car, after stopping platform processing, the loop yarn on weft accumulator is bled off manually, to ensure the matter of fabric Amount;
Workshop moisture temperature controls:Temperature control is at 22 DEG C -30 DEG C, and humid control is between 70%-75%.
As an optimization:Fabric design specification is as follows:Fabric breadth 154.8cm, fabric is through close 264/10cm, fabric filling density 244/10cm;122 teeth of porter/10cm, upper machine reed width 159.9cm, Selvage Stitch number enter per reed 3, and ground tissue is per reed penetration number 2 Enter, one meter through a length of 1.1, comprehensive using page 4, fabric tissue is plain weave.
As an optimization:Warp thread has 5 kinds, and A represents Pulan color 14.6tex cottons/cool pl us mixed yarns;B represents sky blue 14.6tex cottons/cool pl us mixed yarns;C represents sky blue 14.6tex cottons/cool pl us mixed yarns, and above yarn mixes Spin than being 50/50;D represents sky blue 18tex*2+40D spandex covered yarns;E represents sky blue 18tex*2+40D spandexs cladding Yarn;Warp Tension Test is 93A, 1D, 8B, 11A, 16B, 11A, 8B, 1D, 93A, 4B, 3A, 9C, 1E, 8C, 3A, 4B;One spends middle A to pass through 214, yarn, 40, B warp thread, 17, C warp thread, 2, D warp thread, one, E warp thread, a flower warp thread period is 274, full width 14 Flower, remainings 4 yarns, and remaining yarn is A yarns;While yarn using it is miscellaneous while yarn amount to 96, full width fabric total quantity of warps is 3936.
As an optimization:Weft yarn has 5 kinds, and a represents the cotton/hemp blended yarn in 14.6tex Pulans;B represents the luxuriant blue cotton/fiber crops of 14.6tex Mixed yarn;C represents 14.6tex days blue cotton ramie blended spinning yarns, and the blending ratio of above yarn is 70/ fiber crops 30 of cotton, and d represents sky blue 18tex*2+40D spandex covered yarns, e represent sky blue 18tex*2+40D spandex covered yarns;Weft yarn arrangement is 71a, 12b, 1d, 12b, 70a, 5b, 5a, 9c, 1e, 8c, 5a, 5b;151, a yarns in one flower circulation, 34, b yarns, 17, c yarns, 1, d yarns, e yarns 1 Root;One spends middle weft yarn period as 204.
As an optimization:Fabric width 125cm, finished product is through close 315/10cm, 252/10cm of finished product filling density, through crimp 9.1%, latitude crimp 7.6%, width shrinkage 16.2%, long shrinkage 3.2%.
Beneficial effect:The present invention is quickly to blot the exploitation of fabric so that the sweat and moisture that human body distributes can be quick Absorbing and exclude, fabric will not be sultry, and dress is dry and comfortable, and flaxen fiber is contained in fabric, will not also produce electrostatic, during outdoor sports, Flaxen fiber also has radiation proof function, therefore this fabric is a high-grade movement wearing fabric.It is all elastic through broadwise in fabric Yarn, therefore production difficulty is bigger, it is necessary to take following measures:(1) cool plus fibers are a kind of polyester fibers, are produced Hold easy to produce static electricity in journey, preceding working procedure will reduce the generation of secondary filoplume with " low velocity, small tension receiving coil " for basic principle;(2) Elastic yarn in warp thread, will prevent stretch yarn from bouncing back, and cause loose warp or by through fault;(3) spandex non-refractory, drying chamber during sizing Temperature wants relatively low control, prevents excessive drying, causes the aging of spandex thread;(4) workshop moisture temperature wants control bigger than normal, to reduce Cool pl us fibers produce electrostatic, the brittle failure of fiber crops/silk/cotton blended yarn;(5) to ensure the quality of fabric, when driving every time, hand It is dynamic to bleed off a loop yarn.Measure more than, the average production efficiency of loom reached 91%, ensure that production it is smooth into OK.
Embodiment
The technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below, so that the technology of this area Personnel can be better understood from advantages and features of the invention, so as to make apparent boundary to protection scope of the present invention It is fixed.Embodiment described in the invention is only part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments, based on the present invention In embodiment, the every other implementation that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained on the premise of creative work is not made Example, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
Embodiment
Cool pl us fibers are a kind of polyester fibers, and special construction can quickly absorb the sweat of human body, and interrogate fast row Go out, so that keep skin dry and comfortable with pleasantly cool, but the skin-friendly of cool pl us fibers is poor, and cotton, the comfort of flaxen fiber are good, pass through The blended union of three kinds of fibers, makes the comfort, conformality, rapid perspiration performance of fabric reach a higher level, real The mutual supplement with each other's advantages in performance is showed.
1. the design of product and the specification of fabric
The quick moisture absorption hydrofuge mechanism for blotting cloth has three aspects:First, change the chemical property of fiber;Second, change fine The physical arrangement of dimension;Third, rationally design the tissue of fabric.Cool pl us fibers have used the first two mechanism.In chemical constitution On, it is that polyester fiber adds special polymer;Physically, polyester fiber has made " cross into by traditional circular configuration Shape " structure.The mentality of designing of product mainly has the following aspects.
1.1 product design:(1) cool pl us fibers are a kind of polyester fibers, and it is quick that special structure has fiber Moisture absorption hydrofuge function, but the functional fiber price is high, and skin-friendly is poor.Cotton fiber good hygroscopicity, expands after moisture absorption, and clothes can glue On the human skin.Cool plus fibers and cotton fiber mixed yarn is selected to achieve the purpose that quickly to blot as warp thread, The cost of fabric can be reduced again, while improves the comfort of fabric.The combination of both fibers, it is original to remain cotton fiber Comfort, gas permeability, quick further through coolpl us fibers blot performance, clothes is kept dry and comfortable, comfortable, in performance Realize mutual supplement with each other's advantages.(2) flaxen fiber has the title for the fiber that can be breathed, and dress is pleasant, and flaxen fiber is in cylinder, fiber Between obvolvent force difference, spinnability is poor, in order to improve the weavability of flaxen fiber, using cotton/hemp blended yarn as weft yarn.(3) weft yarn In add flaxen fiber after, give the fabric some special functions.Cool pl us fibers easily play electrostatic, and flaxen fiber has Anti-static function, adds a small amount of flaxen fiber in fabric, with regard to that can eliminate electrostatic.Sportsman needs often to train in the wild, holds By stronger ultraviolet radiation, flaxen fiber has anti-electromagnetism, radiation proof function, thus the addition of flaxen fiber, gives fabric new work( Energy, greatly improves the class of fabric, meets the demand of people.(4) fabric is mainly used as movement class clothes, and fabric needs It is adapted to the activity need of the limbs of people, adds stretch yarn in fabric design, fabric warp-weft two-way is had certain elastic force. (5) processed by final finishing, fabric face has obvious cotton crepe effect, reduces the contact surface with skin, add fabric Comfort and gas permeability.(6) when designing cotton crepe kind fabric, warp, weft density should not be big, and thread count is big, can influence effect of creasing.
1.2 fabric design specifications:Fabric breadth 154.8cm, fabric through close 264/10cm, fabric filling density 244/ 10cm.122 teeth of porter/10cm, upper machine reed width 159.9cm, Selvage Stitch number enter per reed 3, and ground tissue enters per reed penetration number 2, one meter Through a length of 1.1, comprehensive using page 4, fabric tissue is plain weave.
Warp thread has 5 kinds, and A represents Pulan color 14.6tex cottons/cool pl us mixed yarns;B represents sky blue 14.6tex Cotton/cool pl us mixed yarns;C represents sky blue 14.6tex cottons/cool pl us mixed yarns, and the blending ratio of above yarn is 50/50;D represents sky blue 18tex*2+40D spandex covered yarns;E represents sky blue 18tex*2+40D spandex covered yarns.Warp thread It is arranged as 93A, 1D, 8B, 11A, 16B, 11A, 8B, 1D, 93A, 4B, 3A, 9C, 1E, 8C, 3A, 4B.One spends middle 214, A warp thread, 40, B warp thread, 17, C warp thread, 2, D warp thread, one, E warp thread, a flower warp thread period is 274, and full width 14 is spent, and remainings 4 Yarn, remaining yarn are A yarns.While yarn using it is miscellaneous while yarn amount to 96, full width fabric total quantity of warps is 3936.
Weft yarn has 5 kinds, and a represents the cotton/hemp blended yarn in 14.6tex Pulans;B represents the luxuriant cotton/hemp blended yarns of orchid of 14.6tex;C tables Show 14.6tex days blue cotton ramie blended spinning yarns, the blending ratio of above yarn is 70/ fiber crops 30 of cotton, and d represents sky blue 18tex*2+40D ammonia Synthetic fibre wrap yarn, e represent sky blue 18tex*2+40D spandex covered yarns.Weft yarn arrangement is 71a, 12b, 1d, 12b, 70a, 5b, 5a, 9c, 1e, 8c, 5a, 5b.151, a yarns in one flower circulation, 34, b yarns, 17, c yarns, 1, d yarns, 1, e yarns.One spends middle weft yarn to follow Number of rings is 204.
2. production essentials:
2.1 winder
HS-101CS semi-automatic bobbin winders are selected to carry out rewinding.Cool pl us/ cotton 14.6tex mixed yarns, cool plus Fiber is polyester fiber, easily plays electrostatic in production process, winder will use low velocity technique, the production of minimizing electrostatic, secondary filoplume Raw, winder speed is determined as 500m/min.Cotton/fiber crops 14.6tex mixed yarns, flaxen fiber easily produce sliding in cylinder, fiber, Winding process will use " low velocity, small tension receiving coil, protect elastic process ", prevent flaxen fiber from sliding, avoid yarn evenness from deteriorating, winder Speed is determined as 500m/min.18tex*2+40D stretch yarn, strength is high, but yarn easily extends, therefore winding process will be with " protecting elasticity " is basic principle, and winder speed is determined as 650m/min.Fabric is frivolous high-grade fabric, to the quality requirement of yarn It is higher, hand-held splicer connector is used after Yarn break, to ensure the quality of yarn.
2.2 warping
Using SGA211 type beam warpers, the common speed of type warping machine is between 300m/min-500m/min. This fabric warp is the cool plus/ silk/cotton blended yarns of 14.6tex, since cool plus yarns easily play electrostatic, during warping Carried out with relatively low speed, speed of beaming is controlled in 380m/min.The generation of low velocity one side energy minimizing electrostatic is selected, it is another Aspect is beneficial to control sheet yarn tension.Since speed of beaming is slow, it is necessary to carry out additional tension setting, additional tension is divided into three Section, the weight of leading portion additional tension packing ring is 11 grams, and stage casing is 10 grams, and back segment is 9 grams.Collective's creeling during warping.
3000, A yarns Pulan dyed yarn line, 96, side yarn, amounts to 3096, is made into 5 axis, warping is 619*4+ with axis 620*1.560, B yarn sky blues warp thread, individually into axis.C yarn sky blues body warp 238, D yarn sky blues wrap yarn 28, E Yarn sky blue wrap yarn 14, amounts to 280, is processed into an axis, and color yarn arrangement order is:2D, 9C, 1E, 8C, arrange 14 altogether Circulation.
Since the retraction force of wrap yarn is very big, at the end of warping, to prevent elastic force wrap yarn from bouncing back, avoid the formation of loose warp defect Point.
2.3 sizing
S432 ancestrals gram sizing machine is selected to carry out sizing.Formula of size:T-45 converted starches 53.5%, B-210 phosphates form sediment Powder 45%, antistatic additive 1.5%.
T-45 modified starch sizes, are produced by Shanghai Qi Li auxiliary reagent factories, have the characteristics that solid content is high, viscosity is low;B- 210 phosphate ester starches fall within low viscosity slurry, and the impregnability of both slurries is all fine, and the molecule of both slurries All contain ester group in structure, have stronger adhesion to cool pl us fibers.Due to cool pl us fibers easily produce it is quiet Electricity, adds antistatic additive in formula of size.
Drying chamber temperature:Warp thread has a spandex covered yarn, spandex covered yarn non-refractory, at high temperature can aging and lose bullet Property, when drying chamber temperature is high, and processing is breaked end, due to sizing machine, speed is slow at this time, and excessive drying can be caused to warp thread, causes spandex Silk aging;Drying chamber temperature is low, and the harm to spandex is with regard to small.The wet area's drying tube temperature control of drying chamber does area between 115 DEG C -120 DEG C Drying tube temperature is controlled between 95 DEG C -100 DEG C.
Sizing speed:Sizing is controlled between 40m/min-45m/min.Sizing speed is not easy the original for soon, having two aspects Cause, first, drying chamber temperature is low, sizing speed can be slow, second, the rate of sizing is high, yarn adhesion is more, and resistance is big during leasing, and speed is held soon Easily broken end and tear serous coat, sizing speed is low, beneficial to leasing broken end is reduced, keeps serous coat complete, improves the wearability of sizing.
Mud-jacking technology, warp thread is thinner, and when starching, which will be taken into account, to be impregnated with and be coated to, therefore mud-jacking technology uses light work after preceding weight Skill.The pressure of preceding squeezing roller is 18KN, and the pressure of post jacking roller is 12KN.
11% or so, the rate of sizing of yarn also should not be high again for rate of sizing control, and the rate of sizing is high, and yarn is harder, sizing Between adhesion it is more, be easy to cause leasing difficulty;The rate of sizing also should not be low again, and the rate of sizing is low, and serous coat is thin and imperfect, sizing Can be not wear-resisting.
Elastic yarn in warp thread, will prevent stretch yarn from bouncing back after starching, when the work that causes to gait is entried, take the increase of yarn difficulty, Influence is gaited efficiency, can also be produced loose warp in cloth cover or be hung through fault.
2.4 drawing-in
While yarn per while 48, wear 1-2 page it is comprehensive, body warp wear 1-4 page it is comprehensive, suitable to wear, often reed 2 enters.
2.5 weaving
Woven using GA708 type air-jet looms, loom speed 600r/min.On fabric during machine, due to having bullet in warp thread Power wrap yarn, it should be noted that prevent the retraction of elastic force wrap yarn, cause warp tension uneven, on cloth cover formed loose warp or hang through Fault.
2.5.1 opening time:Fabric tissue is plain cloth, and the early opening process of opening time, is early open and is conducive to Weft yarn is urgent, and fabric is plentiful.Opening time is determined as 290 °.
2.5.2 weft insertion technique
Weft yarn beginning flying angle is set as 90 °, and weft yarn angle of arrival is preset as 230 °, during actual production, the control of weft yarn angle of arrival At 220 ° -230 °.Main jet spray whiff pressure control is controlled in 0.35Mpa or so, actual pressure in 0.3Mpa or so, the auxiliary power of spraying It can be appropriately adjusted, weft yarn is arrived earlier than 220 according to the size of weft yarn angle of arrival0, it is necessary to suitably reduce whiff pressure, weft yarn Angle of arrival is later than 2300, then need suitably to increase whiff pressure.
Loom is configured with 8 groups of pilot jets, since working-cloth width is relatively narrow, 7 groups of pilot jets of actual use, and every group four, Preceding four groups of auxiliary spray gauges control within 6cm, rear two groups of auxiliary spray gauges control in 4cm or so, behind pilot jet gauge it So it is small, when being because of latter two groups auxiliary spray beginning jets, first, main jet has stopped jet, second, weft yarn is longer, after Two groups of auxiliary sprays need weft yarn advance in tow, and using less gauge, compressed air is stronger to weft yarn and control ability, more can be effective Ground prevents looped weft fault.Specifically weft insertion technique is:It it is 72 ° when keeping off the release of yarn pin, main jet jet time is 62 ° -160 °, first group Pilot jet jet time is 62 ° -130 °, second group of 80 ° -140 ° of pilot jet jet time, the 3rd group of pilot jet jet 98 ° -158 ° of time, the 4th group of 116 ° -176 ° of pilot jet jet time, the 5th group of 134 ° -194 ° of pilot jet jet time, 6th group of 152 ° -212 ° of pilot jet jet time, the 7th group of 170 ° -290 ° of pilot jet jet time.
2.5.3 gentle breeze pressure:The weft yarn of 14.6tex weft yarns, gentle breeze are controlled in 0.08Mpa, gentle breeze control less than normal, gentle breeze Small, weft yarn backtwisting is few, favourable to the quality of raising fabric;The wrap yarn of 18tex*2+40D, due to flexible, to prevent weft yarn It may be slipped from main burner, gentle breeze wants control bigger than normal, and gentle breeze is controlled in 0.10Mpa.
2.5.4 back beam height:Back beam height is+1 scale, and using the high back rest, levels warp tension difference is big, beneficial to latitude Yarn is urgent.
2.5.5 warp tension:Using hightension technique, the big shed open of tension force is easily clear, to wefting insertion than advantageous.Due to warp Yarn radical is fewer, and upper machine sets 100 kilograms of tension force.
2.5.6 strengthen operational administrative of keeping off a car, after stopping platform processing, to bleed off the loop yarn on weft accumulator manually, to ensure to knit The quality of thing.The reason is that due to stopping platform processing, weft yarn residence time in nozzle is grown, and untwisting is more, and common yarn strength reduces, can It can produce long latitude and stop platform, wrap yarn influences product quality it is possible that naked silk.
2.5.7 workshop moisture temperature controls:Cool pl us fibers appearance is easy to produce static electricity, and workshop moisture temperature wants control bigger than normal, Temperature control is at 22 DEG C -30 DEG C, and humid control is between 70%-75%.
3. trimmed size
Fabric width 125cm, finished product is through close 315/10cm, and 252/10cm of finished product filling density, through crimp 9.1%, latitude is knitted Contracting 7.6%, width shrinkage 16.2%, long shrinkage 3.2%.
The present invention is quickly to blot the exploitation of fabric so that the sweat and moisture that human body distributes can be rapidly absorbed side by side Remove, fabric will not be sultry, and dress is dry and comfortable, and flaxen fiber is contained in fabric, will not also produce electrostatic, and during outdoor sports, flaxen fiber is also There is radiation proof function, therefore this fabric is a high-grade movement wearing fabric.Through all elastic yarn of broadwise in fabric, therefore give birth to It is bigger, it is necessary to take following measures to produce difficulty:(1) cool plus fibers are a kind of polyester fibers, are easily produced in production process Raw electrostatic, preceding working procedure will reduce the generation of secondary filoplume with " low velocity, small tension receiving coil " for basic principle;(2) there is bullet in warp thread Power yarn, will prevent stretch yarn from bouncing back, and cause loose warp or hang through fault;(3) spandex non-refractory, drying chamber temperature is relatively low during sizing Control, prevents excessive drying, causes the aging of spandex thread;(4) workshop moisture temperature wants control bigger than normal, to reduce cool pl us fibres Dimension produces electrostatic, the brittle failure of fiber crops/silk/cotton blended yarn;(5) to ensure the quality of fabric, when driving every time, a loop yarn is bled off manually. Measure more than, the average production efficiency of loom have reached 91%, ensure that being smoothed out for production.

Claims (6)

  1. A kind of 1. quick production technology for blotting fabric, it is characterised in that:Include the following steps:
    (1) product design
    (1) cool plus fibers and cotton fiber mixed yarn is selected to achieve the purpose that quickly to blot and drop as warp thread The cost of low fabric, while improve the comfort of fabric;The combination of both fibers, it is original comfortable to remain cotton fiber Property, gas permeability, quick further through cool plus fibers blot performance, clothes is kept dry and comfortable, comfortable, realized in performance Have complementary advantages;(2) flaxen fiber has a title for the fiber that can be breathed, and dress is pleasant, and flaxen fiber is in cylinder, interfibrous armful Poor with joint efforts, spinnability is poor, in order to improve the weavability of flaxen fiber, using cotton/hemp blended yarn as weft yarn;(3) added in weft yarn After flaxen fiber, give the fabric some special functions, cool plus fibers easily play electrostatic, and flaxen fiber has antistatic Function, adds a small amount of flaxen fiber in fabric, with regard to that can eliminate electrostatic;Sportsman needs often to train in the wild, bears stronger Ultraviolet radiation, flaxen fiber has anti-electromagnetism, radiation proof function, thus the addition of flaxen fiber, gives fabric new function, greatly Ground improves the class of fabric, meets the demand of people;
    (2) winder
    HS-101CS semi-automatic bobbin winders are selected to carry out rewinding.Cool plus/ cotton 14.6tex mixed yarns, cool plus fibers It is polyester fiber, easily plays electrostatic in production process, winder will use low velocity technique, the generation of minimizing electrostatic, secondary filoplume, network Cylinder speed is determined as 500m/min;Cotton/fiber crops 14.6tex mixed yarns, flaxen fiber easily produce sliding, winder in cylinder, fiber Technique will use " low velocity, small tension receiving coil, protect elastic process ", and winder speed is determined as 500m/min;18tex*2+40D elastic force Yarn, strength is high, but yarn easily extends, therefore winding process will be with " protecting elasticity " for basic principle, and winder speed is determined as 650m/min;Fabric is frivolous high-grade fabric, higher to the quality requirement of yarn, is connect after Yarn break with hand-held splicer Head;
    (3) warping
    Using SGA211 type beam warpers, this fabric warp is the cool plus/ silk/cotton blended yarns of 14.6tex, due to cool Plus yarns easily play electrostatic, therefore are carried out during warping with relatively low speed, and speed of beaming is controlled in 380m/min;Due to warping speed To spend slow, it is necessary to carry out additional tension setting, additional tension is divided into three sections, and the weight of leading portion additional tension packing ring is 11 grams, Stage casing is 10 grams, and back segment is 9 grams;Collective's creeling during warping;
    3000, A yarns Pulan dyed yarn line, 96, side yarn, amounts to 3096, is made into 5 axis, warping is 619*4+620*1 with axis;B 560, yarn sky blue warp thread, individually into axis;C yarn sky blues body warp 238, D yarn sky blues wrap yarn 28, E yarn sky blues Wrap yarn 14, amounts to 280, is processed into an axis, and color yarn arrangement order is:2D, 9C, 1E, 8C, arrange 14 circulations altogether;
    Since the retraction force of wrap yarn is very big, at the end of warping, to prevent elastic force wrap yarn from bouncing back, avoid the formation of loose warp fault;
    (4) sizing
    S432 ancestrals gram sizing machine is selected to carry out sizing, formula of size:T-45 converted starches 53.5%, B-210 phosphate ester starches 45%, antistatic additive 1.5%;
    Drying chamber temperature:The wet area's drying tube temperature control of drying chamber does the control of area's drying tube temperature at 95 DEG C -100 DEG C at 115 DEG C -120 DEG C;
    Sizing speed:Sizing is controlled between 40m/min-45m/min;
    Mud-jacking technology:Warp thread is thinner, and when starching, which will be taken into account, to be impregnated with and be coated to, therefore mud-jacking technology uses light technique after preceding weight, The pressure of preceding squeezing roller is 18KN, and the pressure of post jacking roller is 12KN;
    The rate of sizing:Control is 11%;
    (5) drawing-in
    While yarn per while 48, wear 1-2 page it is comprehensive, body warp wear 1-4 page it is comprehensive, suitable to wear, often reed 2 enters;
    (6) weave
    Woven using GA708 type air-jet looms, loom speed 600r/min;
    Opening time:Fabric tissue is plain cloth, and opening time is determined as 290 ° with early opening process, opening time;
    Weft insertion technique:Weft yarn beginning flying angle is set as 90 °, and weft yarn angle of arrival is preset as 230 °, during actual production, weft yarn angle of arrival Control is at 220 ° -230 °, and main jet spray whiff pressure is controlled in 0.3Mpa, and the auxiliary power of spraying control can root in 0.35Mpa, actual pressure According to the size of weft yarn angle of arrival, appropriately adjust, weft yarn is arrived earlier than 220 °, it is necessary to suitably reduce whiff pressure, and weft yarn reaches Angle is later than 230 °, then needs suitably to increase whiff pressure;
    Using 7 groups of pilot jets, every group four, within 6cm, rear two groups of auxiliary spray gauge control exists for preceding four groups of auxiliary spray gauge control 4cm or so, specific weft insertion technique are:It it is 72 ° when keeping off the release of yarn pin, main jet jet time is 62 ° -160 °, first group of auxiliary spray Mouth jet time is 62 ° -130 °, second group of 80 ° -140 ° of pilot jet jet time, the 3rd group of pilot jet jet time 98 ° -158 °, the 4th group of 116 ° -176 ° of pilot jet jet time, the 5th group of 134 ° -194 ° of pilot jet jet time, the 6th 152 ° -212 ° of group pilot jet jet time, the 7th group of 170 ° -290 ° of pilot jet jet time;
    Gentle breeze pressure:The weft yarn of 14.6tex weft yarns, gentle breeze are controlled in 0.08Mpa, and gentle breeze control less than normal, gentle breeze is small, weft yarn backtwisting It is few, it is favourable to the quality of raising fabric;The wrap yarn of 18tex*2+40D, due to flexible, to prevent weft yarn may be from main burner Middle slippage, gentle breeze want control bigger than normal, and gentle breeze is controlled in 0.10Mpa;
    Back beam height:Back beam height is+1 scale, and using the high back rest, levels warp tension difference is big, urgent beneficial to weft yarn;
    Warp tension:Using hightension technique, the big shed open of tension force is easily clear, to wefting insertion than advantageous, due to warp thread radical ratio Less, upper machine sets 100 kilograms of tension force;
    Strengthen operational administrative of keeping off a car, after stopping platform processing, the loop yarn on weft accumulator is bled off manually, to ensure the quality of fabric;
    Workshop moisture temperature controls:Temperature control is at 22 DEG C -30 DEG C, and humid control is between 70%-75%.
  2. 2. the quick production technology for blotting fabric according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Fabric design specification is as follows: Fabric breadth 154.8cm, fabric is through close 264/10cm, 244/10cm of fabric filling density;122 teeth of porter/10cm, upper machine reed width 159.9cm, Selvage Stitch number enter per reed 3, and ground tissue enters per reed penetration number 2, and one meter, through a length of 1.1, uses comprehensive, the fabric tissues of page 4 For plain weave.
  3. 3. the quick production technology for blotting fabric according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Warp thread has 5 kinds, and A represents general Blue 14.6tex cottons/cool plus mixed yarns;B represents sky blue 14.6tex cottons/cool plus mixed yarns;C represents that it is blue Color 14.6tex cottons/cool plus mixed yarns, the blending ratio of above yarn is 50/50;D represents sky blue 18tex*2+40D ammonia Synthetic fibre wrap yarn;E represents sky blue 18tex*2+40D spandex covered yarns;Warp Tension Test is 93A, 1D, 8B, 11A, 16B, 11A, 8B, 1D, 93A, 4B, 3A, 9C, 1E, 8C, 3A, 4B;One spends middle 214, A warp thread, 40, B warp thread, 17, C warp thread, 2, D warp thread, E warps One, yarn, a flower warp thread period is 274, and full width 14 is spent, and remainings 4 yarns, and remaining yarn is A yarns;While yarn using it is miscellaneous while yarn amount to 96 Root, full width fabric total quantity of warps are 3936.
  4. 4. the quick production technology for blotting fabric according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Weft yarn has 5 kinds, and a is represented The cotton/hemp blended yarn in 14.6tex Pulans;B represents the luxuriant cotton/hemp blended yarns of orchid of 14.6tex;C represents 14.6tex days blue cotton ramie blended spinnings Yarn, the blending ratio of above yarn is 70/ fiber crops 30 of cotton, and d represents sky blue 18tex*2+40D spandex covered yarns, and e represents sky blue 18tex*2+40D spandex covered yarns;Weft yarn arrangement is 71a, 12b, 1d, 12b, 70a, 5b, 5a, 9c, 1e, 8c, 5a, 5b;One flower 151, a yarns in circulation, 34, b yarns, 17, c yarns, 1, d yarns, 1, e yarns;One spends middle weft yarn period as 204.
  5. 5. the quick production technology for blotting fabric according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Fabric width 125cm, finished product Through close 315/10cm, 252/10cm of finished product filling density, through crimp 9.1%, latitude crimp 7.6%, width shrinkage 16.2%, long shrinkage 3.2%.
CN201711190168.3A 2017-11-24 2017-11-24 A kind of quick production technology for blotting fabric Pending CN107974748A (en)

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CN109468836A (en) * 2018-10-16 2019-03-15 江苏联发纺织股份有限公司 A kind of production method of the high conformal color-woven fabric of pure cotton
CN109695089A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-04-30 江苏工程职业技术学院 A kind of design method and its production technology of bamboo polyester-cotton blend fiber crops shirt fabric

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CN107142590A (en) * 2017-06-13 2017-09-08 江苏工程职业技术学院 A kind of production technology of tencel willow crepe fabric
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CN107142590A (en) * 2017-06-13 2017-09-08 江苏工程职业技术学院 A kind of production technology of tencel willow crepe fabric
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CN109468836A (en) * 2018-10-16 2019-03-15 江苏联发纺织股份有限公司 A kind of production method of the high conformal color-woven fabric of pure cotton
CN109695089A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-04-30 江苏工程职业技术学院 A kind of design method and its production technology of bamboo polyester-cotton blend fiber crops shirt fabric

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