CN107964699A - The continuous production method and device of loose stock dyeing - Google Patents

The continuous production method and device of loose stock dyeing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107964699A
CN107964699A CN201711454533.7A CN201711454533A CN107964699A CN 107964699 A CN107964699 A CN 107964699A CN 201711454533 A CN201711454533 A CN 201711454533A CN 107964699 A CN107964699 A CN 107964699A
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China
Prior art keywords
guipure
roller
liquid
tapetum fibrosum
machine
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Granted
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CN201711454533.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107964699B (en
Inventor
徐滨
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Jiangyin Li Feng Printing And Dyeing Machinery Co Ltd
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Jiangyin Li Feng Printing And Dyeing Machinery Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201711454533.7A priority Critical patent/CN107964699B/en
Publication of CN107964699A publication Critical patent/CN107964699A/en
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01GPRELIMINARY TREATMENT OF FIBRES, e.g. FOR SPINNING
    • D01G21/00Combinations of machines, apparatus, or processes, e.g. for continuous processing
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04HMAKING TEXTILE FABRICS, e.g. FROM FIBRES OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL; FABRICS MADE BY SUCH PROCESSES OR APPARATUS, e.g. FELTS, NON-WOVEN FABRICS; COTTON-WOOL; WADDING ; NON-WOVEN FABRICS FROM STAPLE FIBRES, FILAMENTS OR YARNS, BONDED WITH AT LEAST ONE WEB-LIKE MATERIAL DURING THEIR CONSOLIDATION
    • D04H1/00Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres
    • D04H1/40Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties
    • D04H1/42Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties characterised by the use of certain kinds of fibres insofar as this use has no preponderant influence on the consolidation of the fleece
    • D04H1/4374Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties characterised by the use of certain kinds of fibres insofar as this use has no preponderant influence on the consolidation of the fleece using different kinds of webs, e.g. by layering webs
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04HMAKING TEXTILE FABRICS, e.g. FROM FIBRES OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL; FABRICS MADE BY SUCH PROCESSES OR APPARATUS, e.g. FELTS, NON-WOVEN FABRICS; COTTON-WOOL; WADDING ; NON-WOVEN FABRICS FROM STAPLE FIBRES, FILAMENTS OR YARNS, BONDED WITH AT LEAST ONE WEB-LIKE MATERIAL DURING THEIR CONSOLIDATION
    • D04H1/00Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres
    • D04H1/40Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties
    • D04H1/44Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres from fleeces or layers composed of fibres without existing or potential cohesive properties the fleeces or layers being consolidated by mechanical means, e.g. by rolling
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04HMAKING TEXTILE FABRICS, e.g. FROM FIBRES OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL; FABRICS MADE BY SUCH PROCESSES OR APPARATUS, e.g. FELTS, NON-WOVEN FABRICS; COTTON-WOOL; WADDING ; NON-WOVEN FABRICS FROM STAPLE FIBRES, FILAMENTS OR YARNS, BONDED WITH AT LEAST ONE WEB-LIKE MATERIAL DURING THEIR CONSOLIDATION
    • D04H1/00Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres
    • D04H1/70Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres characterised by the method of forming fleeces or layers, e.g. reorientation of fibres
    • D04H1/72Non-woven fabrics formed wholly or mainly of staple fibres or like relatively short fibres characterised by the method of forming fleeces or layers, e.g. reorientation of fibres the fibres being randomly arranged
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06BTREATING TEXTILE MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS, GASES OR VAPOURS
    • D06B15/00Removing liquids, gases or vapours from textile materials in association with treatment of the materials by liquids, gases or vapours
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06BTREATING TEXTILE MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS, GASES OR VAPOURS
    • D06B19/00Treatment of textile materials by liquids, gases or vapours, not provided for in groups D06B1/00 - D06B17/00
    • D06B19/0005Fixing of chemicals, e.g. dyestuffs, on textile materials
    • D06B19/0029Fixing of chemicals, e.g. dyestuffs, on textile materials by steam
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06BTREATING TEXTILE MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS, GASES OR VAPOURS
    • D06B21/00Successive treatments of textile materials by liquids, gases or vapours
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06BTREATING TEXTILE MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS, GASES OR VAPOURS
    • D06B23/00Component parts, details, or accessories of apparatus or machines, specially adapted for the treating of textile materials, not restricted to a particular kind of apparatus, provided for in groups D06B1/00 - D06B21/00
    • D06B23/14Containers, e.g. vats
    • D06B23/18Sealing arrangements
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06BTREATING TEXTILE MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS, GASES OR VAPOURS
    • D06B3/00Passing of textile materials through liquids, gases or vapours to effect treatment, e.g. washing, dyeing, bleaching, sizing, impregnating
    • D06B3/10Passing of textile materials through liquids, gases or vapours to effect treatment, e.g. washing, dyeing, bleaching, sizing, impregnating of fabrics
    • D06B3/18Passing of textile materials through liquids, gases or vapours to effect treatment, e.g. washing, dyeing, bleaching, sizing, impregnating of fabrics combined with squeezing, e.g. in padding machines
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06BTREATING TEXTILE MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS, GASES OR VAPOURS
    • D06B2700/00Treating of textile materials, e.g. bleaching, dyeing, mercerising, impregnating, washing; Fulling of fabrics
    • D06B2700/36Devices or methods for dyeing, washing or bleaching not otherwise provided for

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Textile Engineering (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • General Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Materials Engineering (AREA)
  • Treatment Of Fiber Materials (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention relates to the continuous production method and device of a kind of loose stock dyeing.Comprise the following steps:Raw cotton shredding, combing, paving cotton, multiple net pressure is fine, boils bleaching liquor pads, decatize reaction, padding type washing, radio frequency drying, dyeing liquor pad, the washing of vapour steaming colour fixing, padding type, radio frequency drying and shredding packing.The present invention solves the discontinuous of art methods production process, reduces the consumption of the energy such as water, electricity, vapour, chemicals, reduces the defects of quantity of wastewater effluent is big, and labor strength is high, and environment is poor, and dyeing product is unanimously poor;And degreasing, impurity elimination are carried out to staple in bulk before dyeing(Cotton seed hulls), rinsing, improve the quality of coloured fibre finished product, and the bleach product and dyeing product of different process can be obtained in same equipment according to factory products requirement, improve the utilization in soil, workshop, equipment, reduce the input of factory, the energy-saving and emission-reduction that are conducive to advocate at present, clean manufacturing, intelligent factory construction.

Description

The continuous production method and device of loose stock dyeing
Technical field
The present invention relates to the continuous production method and device of a kind of loose stock dyeing.Belong to nonwoven production technology neck Domain.
Background technology
Natural staple in bulk is by spinning, knitting, contaminating and be made after clothes, household items, daily necessities deeply by consumers in general's Favor, dosage are larger.Since variation of the market to product requirement and purposes and consumer demand are different, by staple in bulk into Row first dyes weaves afterwards, fiber and different colours after dyeing(Or white)Fiber carry out it is blended can reach different styles, Be conducive to the deep processing of the product novel fabric different with exploitation.Existing loose stock dyeing mainly hasDye vat dyes, by fibre Dimension loads dye cage, hangs in dye vat, carries out boiling in dye vat and washes again after drift, washing, dyeing, dyeing, soap, adjust pH value, add It is soft, go out drying, packing after cylinder, production process is discontinuous, and the energy consumption such as water, electricity, vapour, chemicals is higher, sewage Discharge capacity is big, and labor strength is high, and environment is poor, and dyeing product is unanimously poor;A kind of continuous loose stock dyeing technique(Patent Number:CN105155169A), continuous loose fiber dimension dyeing apparatus(CN105040307A), a kind of dye rolls and steams continuous loose fiber dimension dye Color technique(CN104562511A), a kind of dye rolls and steams continuous loose fiber dimension dyeing apparatus(CN104562510A), its production process To grab cotton, networking, immersion liquid, mangle, coiled, cold dome fixation, uncoiling, washing, squezzing, fibrillation, drying, or networking poststaining, Vapour steaming colour fixing, rinsing machine, shredding, drying, although the two method production processes are continous ways, since staple in bulk is being adopted Pluck, dry, the wax that ginning, the impurity mixed in transportational process and staple in bulk itself carry, fat, lignin etc. it is unfavorable In dyeing and final products requirement, degreasing, impurity elimination need to be carried out to staple in bulk before dyeing(Cotton seed hulls), rinsing.Staple in bulk connects Continuous dyeing method for bleaching and equipment(CN105155166A), its production procedure is to be arranged the staple in bulk waited to contaminate or bleached, Be laid into after uniform flat bat and be clipped in up and down as in the interlayer of textile fabric, by quilting device by upper lower interlayer and Staple in bulk is stitched into one, then carry out pad dyeing material, vapour steaming colour fixing, pickling, soap, pickling, drying, since fiber is by upper and lower Staple in bulk is stitched into what is produced after bat by interlayer, therefore also needs to remove upper lower interlayer after the drying, is added and was produced The complexity of journey and the increase of production cost, have no in this method and carry out degreasing, impurity elimination to staple in bulk(Cotton seed hulls), rinsing.It is comprehensive It is upper described, methodProduction process is discontinuous, and the energy consumption such as water, electricity, vapour, chemicals is higher, quantity of wastewater effluent Greatly, labor strength is high, and environment is poor, and dyeing product is unanimously poor;MethodTechnical process does not carry out staple in bulk degreasing, goes It is miscellaneous(Cotton seed hulls), rinsing, due to staple in bulk the dimension impurity and staple in bulk that mix in picking, drying, ginning, transportational process The wax that itself carries, fat, lignin etc. are unfavorable for dyeing and final products requirement;MethodProduction process need to be by fiber Staple in bulk is stitched into what is produced after bat by upper lower interlayer, is also needed to remove upper lower interlayer after the drying, is added production The complexity of process and the increase of production cost, have no in this method and carry out degreasing, impurity elimination to staple in bulk(Cotton seed hulls), rinsing; For this it is proposed that the production method and device of a kind of dyeing of staple in bulk continuous bleaching.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to overcome the above shortcomings and to provide the continuous production method and dress of a kind of loose stock dyeing Put.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this:
A kind of continuous production device of loose stock dyeing, comprises the following steps:Raw cotton shredding, combing, paving cotton, multiple net pressure be fine, Boil bleaching liquor pad, decatize reaction, padding type washing, radio frequency drying, dyeing liquor pad, vapour steaming colour fixing, padding type washing, radio frequency dry Dry and shredding packing.
Boiling bleaching liquor squeeze device includes babinet;Babinet includes left wallboard, right wallboard, front side board, back side panel, bottom and case top Lid;Liquid bath is provided with babinet, is filled in liquid bath and boils bleaching liquor, box house is provided with the guipure of ring-shaped, guipure by driven voller, Driven roller, idler roller and deviation rectification roller support, and driven by driven roller, guipure shuttling movement, idler roller is elastic for adjusting guipure Degree, deviation rectification roller are used for centering of rectifying a deviation to guipure;Guipure is used to convey the tapetum fibrosum by after the fine machine compacting of net pressure again, is placed in guipure On tapetum fibrosum be pressurized together under the action of wite roll and be immersed in and boil under bleaching liquor;Laboratory mangle under multiple tracks liquid, liquid are equipped with babinet Lower laboratory mangle is made of bearing roller and backer roll, and guipure carries tapetum fibrosum under liquid by laboratory mangle under first of liquid, small under liquid Padding machine extrudes tapetum fibrosum, extrudes the liquid in tapetum fibrosum, can be drawn onto again at once after tapetum fibrosum departs from laboratory mangle under liquid Liquid in groove, is again introduced into laboratory mangle under follow-up multiple tracks liquid, realizes that more leachings more by the extruding of laboratory mangle under liquid and rolls, makes to boil In the tapetum fibrosum of the infiltration of bleaching liquor substantially uniformity;Backer roll is pressurizeed by the cylinder action for being arranged on both ends and lifting, to bearing roller Pressure, pressurization roller surface cladding acid-fast alkali-proof rubber, each backer roll top respectively set the leaching liquid bath of a set of tooth form, and leaching liquid bath is used Bleaching liquor is boiled in supplement, and boil bleaching liquor of the bleaching liquor after filtering with supplement that boil in liquid bath is sent into case to circulate and is made by leaching liquid bath together With the bleaching liquor that boils under leaching liquid bath leaching is drenched on backer roll roll body, can make that foreign matter will not be stained with backer roll;Tapetum fibrosum passes through multiple tracks Laboratory mangle enters after padding together with guipure is arranged on the binder padding machine at babinet rear portion, binder padding machine padding machine by pressurized rubber roller and Driving is formed by pressure roller, and pressurized rubber roller surface cladding acid-fast alkali-proof rubber, drives and driven by pressure roller by motor reducer, passed through The liquid carrying rate of tapetum fibrosum after binder padding machine is in 95-120%;The guipure is made of stainless steel wire, tapetum fibrosum by discharge port into Ru Hou roads decatize reaction chamber.
Decatize reaction chamber includes babinet, and babinet includes left wallboard, right wallboard, front side board, back side panel, top plate and bottom;Leaching Roll and boil the tapetum fibrosum of bleaching liquor and entered by oblique guipure open width by feed inlet in babinet, oblique guipure is drawn by driven roller makees annular Movement, driven roller are driven by motor reducer, and tapetum fibrosum is transmitted to top by oblique guipure from lower box, then in oblique net At the cloth outputting of band, tapetum fibrosum fall on down under its own weight traverse cycle movement horizontal guipure first layer on, driven roller with from Support roller is provided between dynamic roller, horizontal guipure forms closed loop moving through driven roller and driven voller, and tapetum fibrosum is through horizontal guipure Dropped down onto under behind first layer cross drive to end on the heterodromous second layer, the second layer of the tapetum fibrosum through horizontal guipure laterally passes Dropped down onto under sending to end in heterodromous third layer, tapetum fibrosum from top to bottom S-shaped movement reciprocal with this, process is some Exported after layer transmission net band from discharge port, lower box sets several steam heating tanks, sets several direct in heating tank Heating tube, heating tube are connected in parallel on cross over pipe, the temperature on cross over pipe in set temperature control valve control decatize reaction chamber.
Padding type washing unit includes the first padding type rinsing machine A, second padding type rinsing machine B, PH regulating tank C and pads Formula adds soft groove D, and guipure is drawn below babinet by process auxiliary drive roller, and process auxiliary drive roller is driven by motor reducer, and guipure is soaking Shuttling movement in formula washing unit is rolled, idler roller is set on guipure, and idler roller is elastic for adjusting guipure, is provided with and entangles on guipure Inclined roller, deviation rectification roller is to guipure correction centering;The guipure is made of stainless steel wire;Tapetum fibrosum is conveyed into first by guipure and pads Formula rinsing machine A, tapetum fibrosum and guipure under the action of wite roll, are immersed in cleaning solution together in babinet;It is provided with babinet Laboratory mangle under multigroup liquid, laboratory mangle is made of bearing roller and backer roll under liquid, and guipure carries tapetum fibrosum under liquid by first Laboratory mangle under liquid, tapetum fibrosum are squeezed, and are extruded washing lotion, and groove can be drawn onto again at once after tapetum fibrosum departs from first of laboratory mangle Interior liquid, is pressurized subsequently into laboratory mangle under second liquid, repeats above-mentioned action, and tapetum fibrosum passes through laboratory mangle under multiple tracks liquid and squeezes After pressure, realize that continuous more leachings more and roll, laboratory mangle squeezes out lignin puffing after decatize is reacted in tapetum fibrosum, fibre under liquid Dimension table face fat and boil the chemicals in bleaching liquor, reach the effect of cleaning;Backer roll is added by the cylinder action for being arranged on both ends Pressure and lifting, press bearing roller, pressurization roller surface cladding acid-fast alkali-proof rubber, and a set of tooth form is respectively set above each backer roll Leaching liquid bath, the washing lotion in babinet is sent into case by leaching liquid bath after filtering to be recycled, and drenches in liquid bath washing lotion leaching in backer roll It on roll body, can make that foreign matter will not be stained with backer roll;Tapetum fibrosum enters together with guipure and sets after some groups of laboratory mangles pad The padding machine at the first padding type rinsing machine A rear portions is put, padding machine is made of pressurized rubber roller and driving by pressure roller, and pressurize roller surface bag Cover acid-fast alkali-proof rubber, drive and driven by pressure roller by motor reducer, the tapetum fibrosum and guipure after padding machine together successively into Enter second padding type rinsing machine B, PH regulating tank C and padding type adds soft groove D, dried finally by discharge port into rear the first radio frequency of road Dry machine;
Wherein, the second padding type rinsing machine B is identical with the first padding type rinsing machine A structures and principle;PH regulating tanks C and padding type Add soft groove D identical with the first padding type rinsing machine A structures, difference lies in the leaching liquid of PH regulating tanks D is for adjusting fiber The acidic liquid of acid-base value, padding type add the leaching liquid of soft groove C to be softening agent;
First padding type rinsing machine A, second padding type rinsing machine B, PH regulating tank C and padding type add soft groove D lower part be equipped with wash Liquid heating unit.
The structure of dyeing liquor squeeze device is identical with boiling bleaching liquor squeeze device.
Vapour steaming colour fixing reaction chamber includes babinet, and babinet includes left wallboard, right wallboard, front side board, back side panel, top plate and case Bottom, the tapetum fibrosum of exhaust dyeing liquid are entered in babinet by transmission net band open width by feed inlet, and transmission net band is circulatory motion, fine Dimension blanket, which is placed on guipure, to be conveyed;The guipure is drawn by driven roller, and driven roller is driven by motor reducer, is set on guipure There is idler roller, idler roller is used for the elasticity for adjusting guipure, deviation rectification roller is provided with guipure, deviation rectification roller is to guipure correction centering; Be used to support the main support net roll of guipure and secondary support net roll equipped with several in babinet, tapetum fibrosum carry guipure after high temperature steaming from Discharge port exports;Lower box sets several steam heating tanks, sets several to directly heat pipe in steam heating tank, multiple Heating tube is connected in parallel on cross over pipe, the temperature in cross over pipe set temperature control valve control fixation reaction chamber.
Padding type washing unit includes rinsing machine E, soaper F, PH regulating tank G, plus soft groove H, rinsing machine E, soaper F, PH regulating tanks G plus soft groove H are with the first padding type rinsing machine A structures, and difference lies in the leaching liquid level soap lye in soaper F.
Second radio frequency dryer is identical with the first radio frequency dryer structure.
A kind of continuous production method of loose stock dyeing, it is characterised in that:It includes:
Step 1: raw cotton shredding:This step carries out in raw cotton opener, and impurity and different fibre in cotton are detected before shredding, is led to Cross wind turbine and raw cotton is sucked into hopper, carry out thick shredding and smart shredding;
Step 2: comb:This step carries out in carding machine, and the cotton in step 1 after shredding is combed by carding machine, Make staple in bulk into single fiber state, and remove the short flannel in cotton, then carry out mixing combing, carding machine is furnished with dust pelletizing system;
Step 3: paving cotton:This step carries out in paving cotton machine, the thick fiber layer by the reciprocal laying of the fiber of step 2 into needs;
Step 4: multiple net pressure is fine:Woven web is covered on thick fiber layer while enters the upper and lower pressing device for guipure, Woven web and thick fiber layer are clamped into compacting up and down, fiber is clamped among guipure and woven web and forms fiber Blanket, makes fiber not drift about in continuous flow procedure, is not scattered, unshifts;The woven web fiber weaving into Big mesh web, not only can effectively prevent fiber and had drifted about in process, but also will not prevent the immersion of chemicals and washing lotion;Spin Textured fiber net volume is wound on active volume cloth rewinder roll, is placed on the unwinding device above the multiple fine machine of net pressure, web holds fiber fortune After row to drying, before fibrillation, there is fibre web wrap-up by fibre web open width on wind-up roll, which, which can be repeated several times, makes With;The multiple fine machine of net pressure is by a driving motor reducer driving;
Padded Step 5: boiling bleaching liquor:This step is carried out boiling in bleaching liquor squeeze device, which includes babinet;Babinet includes a left side Wallboard, right wallboard, front side board, back side panel, bottom and case head cover;Liquid bath is provided with babinet, is filled in liquid bath and boils bleaching liquor, babinet The guipure of ring-shaped is internally provided with, guipure is supported by driven voller, driven roller, idler roller and deviation rectification roller, and is driven by driven roller, Guipure shuttling movement, idler roller are used to adjust guipure elasticity, and deviation rectification roller is used for centering of rectifying a deviation to guipure;Guipure is used to convey logical The tapetum fibrosum after the fine machine compacting of multiple net pressure is crossed, the tapetum fibrosum being placed on guipure is pressurized to be immersed in and boils together under the action of wite roll Under bleaching liquor;Laboratory mangle under multiple tracks liquid is equipped with babinet, laboratory mangle is made of bearing roller and backer roll under liquid, and guipure carries tapetum fibrosum By laboratory mangle under first of liquid under liquid, laboratory mangle extrudes tapetum fibrosum under liquid, extrudes the liquid in tapetum fibrosum, works as fibre Dimension blanket departs from the liquid that can be drawn onto again at once after laboratory mangle under liquid in groove, is again introduced into laboratory mangle under follow-up multiple tracks liquid, passes through liquid The extruding of lower laboratory mangle is rolled to realize that more leachings, makes to boil in the tapetum fibrosum of the infiltration of bleaching liquor substantially uniformity;Backer roll is by being arranged on The cylinder action pressurization and lifting at both ends, press bearing roller, pressurization roller surface cladding acid-fast alkali-proof rubber, on each backer roll Side respectively sets the leaching liquid bath of a set of tooth form, and leaching liquid bath is used for supplement and boils bleaching liquor, and bleaching liquor is boiled after filtering with supplement in liquid bath Bleaching liquor is boiled together by being recycled in leaching liquid bath feeding case, and the bleaching liquor that boils under leaching liquid bath leaching is drenched on backer roll roll body, can make to add Foreign matter will not be stained with pressure roller;Tapetum fibrosum enters the pressure for being arranged on babinet rear portion after multiple tracks laboratory mangle pads together with guipure Expect padding machine, binder padding machine padding machine is made of pressurized rubber roller and driving by pressure roller, pressurized rubber roller surface cladding acid-fast alkali-proof rubber Glue, drives and is driven by pressure roller by motor reducer, and the liquid carrying rate of the tapetum fibrosum after binder padding machine is in 95-120%;The net Band is made of stainless steel wire, and tapetum fibrosum enters rear road decatize reaction chamber by discharge port;
Step 6: decatize is reacted:This step carries out in decatize reaction chamber, and decatize reaction chamber includes babinet, and babinet includes left wall Plate, right wallboard, front side board, back side panel, top plate and bottom;Pad and boil the tapetum fibrosum of bleaching liquor feed inlet is passed through by oblique guipure open width Into in babinet, oblique guipure makees circulatory motion by driven roller traction, and driven roller is driven by motor reducer, and oblique guipure is by fibre Dimension blanket is transmitted to top from lower box, and then at the cloth outputting of oblique guipure, tapetum fibrosum is fallen on down under its own weight laterally to follow On the first layer of the horizontal guipure of ring movement, be provided with support roller between driven roller and driven voller, horizontal guipure through driven roller and Driven voller forms closed loop moving, tapetum fibrosum behind first layer cross drive to the end of horizontal guipure under drop down onto heterodromous the On two layers, tapetum fibrosum behind second layer cross drive to the end of horizontal guipure under drop down onto in heterodromous third layer, with this Back and forth, the from top to bottom S-shaped movement of tapetum fibrosum, if being exported after dried layer transmission net band from discharge port, if lower box is set Dry steam heating tank, heating tank is interior to set several to directly heat pipe, and heating tube is connected in parallel on cross over pipe, is set on cross over pipe Temperature in temperature control valve control decatize reaction chamber, temperature control is at 102 DEG C ± 2 DEG C in decatize reaction chamber, and tapetum fibrosum is in vapour The decatize reaction time in reaction chamber is steamed at 15-45 minutes;
Step 7: padding type washs:This step carries out in padding type washing unit, and padding type washing unit is padded including first Formula rinsing machine A, second padding type rinsing machine B, PH regulating tank C and padding type add soft groove D, and guipure is below babinet by process auxiliary drive Roller is drawn, and process auxiliary drive roller is driven by motor reducer, guipure shuttling movement in padding type washing unit, is set and is opened on guipure Tight roller, idler roller is elastic for adjusting guipure, deviation rectification roller is provided with guipure, deviation rectification roller is to guipure correction centering;The guipure It is made of stainless steel wire;Tapetum fibrosum is conveyed into the first padding type rinsing machine A, tapetum fibrosum and the guipure wire guide in babinet by guipure Under the action of roller, it is immersed in together in cleaning solution;Be provided with laboratory mangle under multigroup liquid in babinet, under liquid laboratory mangle by bearing roller and Backer roll forms, and guipure carries tapetum fibrosum and is squeezed by laboratory mangle under first of liquid, tapetum fibrosum under liquid, is extruded and washes Liquid, the liquid that can be drawn onto again at once after tapetum fibrosum departs from first of laboratory mangle in groove, subsequently into laboratory mangle under second liquid It is pressurized, repeats above-mentioned action, tapetum fibrosum is realized that continuous more leachings more and rolled after laboratory mangle extruding under multiple tracks liquid, small under liquid to roll Car squeeze out lignin puffing after decatize is reacted in tapetum fibrosum, fiber surface fat and boil the chemicals in bleaching liquor, Reach the effect of cleaning;Backer roll is pressurizeed by the cylinder action for being arranged on both ends and lifting, presses to bearing roller, roller surface of pressurizeing Coat acid-fast alkali-proof rubber, the leaching liquid bath of a set of tooth form be respectively set above each backer roll, the washing lotion in babinet after filtering by Drench liquid bath and be sent into recycling in case, drenching washing lotion leaching in liquid bath on backer roll roll body, can make that foreign matter will not be stained with backer roll; Tapetum fibrosum enters the padding machine for being arranged on the first padding type rinsing machine A rear portions together with guipure after some groups of laboratory mangles pad, Padding machine is made of pressurized rubber roller and driving by pressure roller, and pressurization roller surface cladding acid-fast alkali-proof rubber, drives by pressure roller by motor Retarder drive, tapetum fibrosum and guipure after padding machine sequentially enter together second padding type rinsing machine B, PH regulating tank C and Padding type adds soft groove D, enters rear the first radio frequency dryer of road finally by discharge port.
Wherein, the second padding type rinsing machine B is identical with the first padding type rinsing machine A structures and principle;PH regulating tanks C and leaching Rolling formula adds soft groove D identical with the first padding type rinsing machine A structures, and difference lies in the leaching liquid of PH regulating tanks D is to be used to adjust fibre The acidic liquid of the acid-base value of dimension, padding type add the leaching liquid of soft groove C to be softening agent;
First padding type rinsing machine A, second padding type rinsing machine B, PH regulating tank C and padding type add soft groove D lower part be equipped with wash Liquid heating unit, can automatically control according to the temperature of technological requirement washing lotion between -95 DEG C of room temperature;
Step 8: radio frequency is dried:This step carries out in the first radio frequency dryer, and tapetum fibrosum open width enters the first radio frequency dryer Drying, the fiber after drying contain damp rate and control between 5-8%;
Wherein, when being bleached fiber such as product requirement, fiber needs to obtain through fibre opening machine and packaging of weighing after radio frequency is dried Bleached fiber finished product;
Wherein, when being coloured fibre such as product requirement, fiber is after the drying of the first radio frequency dryer, into transition conveyer belt, by Tapetum fibrosum after drying is sent to dyeing liquor squeeze device and is dyed by transition conveyer belt;
Step 9: dyeing liquor pads:This step carries out in dyeing liquor squeeze device, the structure and step of dyeing liquor squeeze device Bleaching liquor squeeze device is identical for boiling in five, is to boil bleaching liquor, dyeing liquor squeeze device difference lies in boil the addition of bleaching liquor squeeze device Addition exports for dyeing liquor, tapetum fibrosum open width after dyeing liquor squeeze device adds dyeing liquor;
Step 10:Vapour steaming colour fixing:This step carries out in vapour steaming colour fixing reaction chamber, and vapour steaming colour fixing reaction chamber includes babinet, babinet Including left wallboard, right wallboard, front side board, back side panel, top plate and bottom, the tapetum fibrosum of exhaust dyeing liquid is led to by transmission net band open width Cross feed inlet to enter in babinet, transmission net band is circulatory motion, and tapetum fibrosum is placed on guipure and is conveyed;The guipure is by driving Roller is drawn, and driven roller is driven by motor reducer, and idler roller is provided with guipure, and idler roller is used for the elasticity for adjusting guipure, Deviation rectification roller is provided with guipure, deviation rectification roller is to guipure correction centering;The main support net of guipure is used to support in babinet equipped with several Roller and secondary support net roll, tapetum fibrosum carry guipure and are exported after high temperature steaming from discharge port;Lower box sets several steam to add Heat channel, steam heating tank is interior to set several to directly heat pipe, and multiple heating tubes are connected in parallel on cross over pipe, cross over pipe set temperature Temperature in control valve control fixation reaction chamber, temperature control is at 102 DEG C ± 2 DEG C in vapour steaming colour fixing reaction chamber, steaming time 1-2 Minute;
Step 11: padding type is washed:The step carries out in padding type washing unit, and padding type washing unit includes rinsing machine E, soaper F, PH regulating tanks G, plus soft groove H, rinsing machine E, soaper F, PH regulating tank G plus soft groove H with the first padding type water Washing machine A structures, difference lies in the leaching liquid level soap lye in soaper F;
Step 12: radio frequency is dried:This step carries out in the second radio frequency dryer, and the second radio frequency dryer and the first radio frequency dry Dry machine structure is identical;
Step 13: shredding, packing:Fiber is after the second radio frequency dryer drying in step 12, into fibre opening machine Shredding, the fiber after shredding are packed by air hose into weighing-packaging machine, and fibre web wrap-up is provided with above opener will The multiple woven webs on fiber are stand-by on wind-up roll, which can be repeated several times use.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
The continuous production method and device of a kind of loose stock dyeing of the present invention are, it can be achieved that dye staple in bulk continuous bleaching, solution Art methods of having determined production process it is discontinuous, reduce the consumption of the energy such as water, electricity, vapour, chemicals, reduce dirt The defects of water discharge capacity is big, and labor strength is high, and environment is poor, and dyeing product is unanimously poor;And before dyeing to staple in bulk into Row degreasing, impurity elimination(Cotton seed hulls), rinsing, improve the quality of coloured fibre finished product, and can be according to factory products requirement same The bleach product and dyeing product of different process are obtained in platform equipment, the utilization in soil, workshop, equipment is improved, reduces work The input of factory, the energy-saving and emission-reduction for being conducive to advocate at present, clean manufacturing, intelligent factory construction.
Method and device using the present invention carries out degreasing, impurity elimination(Cotton seed hulls), bleaching, dyeing, washing, adjust pH value, Add soft, drying, fibrillation, packaging continous way production, the shortcoming of existing production method can be solved, and can realize that continous way is a variety of Production method,From raw cotton ----bleaching ----dyeing ----dyeing product,----the bleaching ----bleaching finished product from raw cotton,Take bleached fiber(Or it is not required to the fiber of bleaching)----dyeing ----dyeing product is, it can be achieved that a variety of productions of production line Method.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of continuous production method of loose stock dyeing of the present invention and the schematic diagram of device.
Fig. 2-1 is the structure diagram that bleaching liquor squeeze device is boiled in the present invention.
Fig. 2-2 is the side view of Fig. 2-1.
Fig. 3-1 is the structure diagram of decatize reaction chamber in the present invention.
Fig. 3-2 is the side view of Fig. 3-1.
Fig. 4-1 is the structure diagram that padding type washs unit in the present invention.
Fig. 4-2 is the side view of Fig. 4-1.
Fig. 5-1 is the structure diagram of the vapour steaming colour fixing reaction chamber in the present invention.
Fig. 5-2 is the side view of Fig. 5-1.
Embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1-5, the present invention relates to the continuous production method and device of a kind of loose stock dyeing, including:
Step 1: raw cotton shredding:This step carries out in raw cotton opener 1, and impurity and different fibre in cotton are detected before shredding, is led to Cross wind turbine and raw cotton is sucked into hopper, carry out thick shredding and smart shredding;
Step 2: comb:This step carries out in carding machine 2, and the cotton in step 1 after shredding is combed by carding machine 2 Reason, makes staple in bulk into single fiber state, and removes the short flannel in cotton, then carries out mixing combing, and carding machine is furnished with dust pelletizing system;
Step 3: paving cotton:This step carries out in paving cotton machine 3, the thick fiber layer by the reciprocal laying of the fiber of step 2 into needs;
Step 4: multiple net pressure is fine:Woven web is covered on thick fiber layer while enters the upper and lower pressing device for guipure, Woven web and thick fiber layer are clamped into compacting up and down, fiber is clamped among guipure and woven web and forms fiber Blanket, makes fiber not drift about in continuous flow procedure, is not scattered, unshifts;The woven web fiber weaving into Big mesh web, not only can effectively prevent fiber and had drifted about in process, but also will not prevent the immersion of chemicals and washing lotion;Spin Textured fiber net volume is wound on active volume cloth rewinder roll, is placed on the unwinding device of the fine top of machine 4 of multiple net pressure, web holds fiber fortune After row to drying, before fibrillation, there is fibre web wrap-up by fibre web open width on wind-up roll, which, which can be repeated several times, makes With;The multiple fine machine of net pressure is by a driving motor reducer driving.
Padded Step 5: boiling bleaching liquor:This step is carried out boiling in bleaching liquor squeeze device 5, which includes babinet 501;Case Body 501 includes left wallboard 502, right wallboard 503, front side board 504, back side panel 505, bottom 506 and case head cover 507;In babinet 501 Liquid bath is provided with, is filled in liquid bath and boils bleaching liquor, babinet 501 is internally provided with the guipure 508 of ring-shaped, and guipure 508 is by driven voller 509th, driven roller 510, idler roller 511 and deviation rectification roller 512 support, and are driven by driven roller 510,508 shuttling movement of guipure, tensioning Roller 511 is used to adjust 508 elasticity of guipure, and deviation rectification roller 512 is used for centering of rectifying a deviation to guipure 508;Guipure 508 passes through for conveying Tapetum fibrosum 513 after the multiple fine compacting of machine 4 of net pressure, the tapetum fibrosum being placed on guipure 508 are pressurized together under the action of wite roll 514 It is immersed in and boils under bleaching liquor;Laboratory mangle 517 under multiple tracks liquid is equipped with babinet 501, laboratory mangle 517 is by bearing roller 515 and pressurization under liquid Roller 516 forms, and guipure 508 carries tapetum fibrosum 513 under liquid by laboratory mangle 517 under first of liquid, and laboratory mangle 517 is to fibre under liquid Dimension blanket 513 is extruded, and extrudes the liquid in tapetum fibrosum 513, the meeting again at once after tapetum fibrosum 513 departs from laboratory mangle 517 under liquid The liquid being drawn onto in groove, is again introduced into laboratory mangle 517 under follow-up multiple tracks liquid, is realized by the extruding of laboratory mangle under liquid 517 more Leaching rolls, and makes to boil in the tapetum fibrosum 213 of the infiltration of bleaching liquor substantially uniformity;Backer roll 516 is added by the cylinder action for being arranged on both ends Pressure and lifting, press bearing roller 515, and 516 surface of backer roll cladding acid-fast alkali-proof rubber, each top of backer roll 516 is respectively set Put the leaching liquid bath 518 of a set of tooth form, leaching liquid bath 518 is used for supplement and boils bleaching liquor, and bleaching liquor is boiled after filtering with supplementing in liquid bath Boil bleaching liquor and be sent into together by leaching liquid bath 518 in case and recycled, the leaching leaching of liquid bath 518 it is lower boil bleaching liquor leaching in 516 roll body of backer roll On, can make that foreign matter will not be stained with backer roll 516;Tapetum fibrosum 513 is after multiple tracks laboratory mangle 517 pads together with guipure 508 Into the binder padding machine 519 for being arranged on 501 rear portion of babinet, binder padding machine padding machine 519 is by pressurized rubber roller 520 and driving by pressure roller 521 compositions, 520 surface of pressurized rubber roller cladding acid-fast alkali-proof rubber, drive and are driven by pressure roller 521 by motor reducer, passed through The liquid carrying rate of tapetum fibrosum 513 after binder padding machine 519 is in 95-120%;The guipure 508 is made of stainless steel wire, tapetum fibrosum 513 Rear road decatize reaction chamber 507 is entered by discharge port 523;
Step 6: decatize is reacted:This step carries out in decatize reaction chamber 6, and decatize reaction chamber includes babinet 601, and babinet 601 wraps Include left wallboard 602, right wallboard 603, front side board 604, back side panel 605, top plate 606 and bottom 607;Pad the tapetum fibrosum for boiling bleaching liquor 608 are entered in babinet 601 by oblique 609 open width of guipure by feed inlet, and oblique guipure 609 draws work annular by driven roller 313 Movement, driven roller 613 are driven by motor reducer, and tapetum fibrosum 608 is transmitted to top by oblique guipure 609 from 601 lower part of babinet, Then at the cloth outputting of oblique guipure 609, tapetum fibrosum 608 falls on down the horizontal guipure 611 of traverse cycle movement under its own weight First layer on, be provided with support roller 619 between driven roller 615 and driven voller 616, horizontal guipure 611 through driven roller 615 and from Dynamic roller 616 forms closed loop moving, tapetum fibrosum 608 behind first layer cross drive to the end of horizontal guipure 611 under drop down onto reversely On the second layer of movement, tapetum fibrosum 608 behind second layer cross drive to the end of horizontal guipure 611 under drop down onto it is heterodromous It is reciprocal with this in third layer, the from top to bottom S-shaped movement of tapetum fibrosum 608, if from discharge port 613 after dried layer transmission net band Output, 601 lower part of babinet set several steam heating tanks 620, set several to directly heat pipe 621 in heating tank 620, add Heat pipe 621 is connected in parallel on cross over pipe 622, and set temperature control valve 623 controls the temperature in decatize reaction chamber 6 on cross over pipe 622, Temperature control is at 102 DEG C ± 2 DEG C in decatize reaction chamber 6, and decatize reaction time of the tapetum fibrosum 608 in decatize reaction chamber 6 is in 15- 45 minutes;
Step 7: padding type washs:This step carries out in padding type washing unit 7, and padding type washing unit 7 includes the first leaching Roll formula rinsing machine A, second padding type rinsing machine B, PH regulating tank C and padding type and add soft groove D, guipure 702 from the lower section of babinet 704 by Process auxiliary drive roller 713 is drawn, and process auxiliary drive roller 713 is driven by motor reducer, and guipure 702 circulates in padding type washing unit Move, idler roller 715 is set on guipure 702, and idler roller 715 is elastic for adjusting guipure 702, and correction is provided with guipure 702 Roller 716, deviation rectification roller 716 is to the correction centering of guipure 702;The guipure 702 is made of stainless steel wire;Tapetum fibrosum 701 is by guipure 702 It is conveyed into the first padding type rinsing machine A, tapetum fibrosum 701 and guipure 702 are in babinet 704 under the action of wite roll 703, together It is immersed in cleaning solution;Laboratory mangle 707 under multigroup liquid is provided with babinet 704, laboratory mangle 707 by bearing roller 705 and adds under liquid Pressure roller 706 forms, and guipure 702 carries tapetum fibrosum 701 and squeezed under liquid by laboratory mangle 707 under first of liquid, tapetum fibrosum 701 Pressure, is extruded washing lotion, the liquid that can be drawn onto again at once after tapetum fibrosum 701 departs from first of laboratory mangle 707 in groove, subsequently into Laboratory mangle 707 is pressurized under second liquid, repeats above-mentioned action, and tapetum fibrosum 701 is real after laboratory mangle 707 under multiple tracks liquid extrudes Now continuous more leachings rolls, and laboratory mangle 707 squeezes out lignin puffing after decatize is reacted in tapetum fibrosum 701, fibre under liquid Dimension table face fat and boil the chemicals in bleaching liquor, reach the effect of cleaning;Backer roll 706 is by being arranged on the cylinder action at both ends Pressurization and lifting, press bearing roller 705,706 surface of backer roll cladding acid-fast alkali-proof rubber, and each top of backer roll 706 is each The leaching liquid bath 708 of a set of tooth form is set, and the washing lotion in babinet is sent into case by leaching liquid bath 708 after filtering to be recycled, and drenches liquid Washing lotion leaching on 706 roll body of backer roll can make that foreign matter will not be stained with backer roll 706 in groove 708;By some groups of laboratory mangles 707 pad rear tapetum fibrosum 701 enters the padding machine 709 for being arranged on the first padding type rinsing machine A rear portions, padding machine together with guipure 702 709 are made of pressurized rubber roller 710 and driving by pressure roller 711, and 710 surface of backer roll cladding acid-fast alkali-proof rubber, drives and pressed Roller 711 is driven by motor reducer, and the tapetum fibrosum 701 and guipure 702 after padding machine 709 sequentially enter the second padding type together Rinsing machine B, PH regulating tank C and padding type add soft groove D, enter rear the first radio frequency dryer of road 8.1 finally by discharge port 717.
Wherein, the second padding type rinsing machine B is identical with the first padding type rinsing machine A structures and principle;PH regulating tanks C and leaching Rolling formula adds soft groove D identical with the first padding type rinsing machine A structures, and difference lies in the leaching liquid of PH regulating tanks D is to be used to adjust fibre The acidic liquid of the acid-base value of dimension, padding type add the leaching liquid of soft groove C to be softening agent;
First padding type rinsing machine A, second padding type rinsing machine B, PH regulating tank C and padding type add soft groove D lower part be equipped with wash Liquid heating unit 718, can automatically control according to the temperature of technological requirement washing lotion between -95 DEG C of room temperature;
Step 8: radio frequency is dried:This step carries out in the first radio frequency dryer 8.1, and tapetum fibrosum open width is dried into the first radio frequency Dry machine 8.1 is dried, and the fiber after drying contains damp rate control between 5-8%;
Wherein, when being bleached fiber such as product requirement, fiber is needed after radio frequency is dried through fibre opening machine 8.2 and packaging of weighing 8.3 obtain bleached fiber finished product.
Wherein, when being coloured fibre such as product requirement, fiber is defeated into transition after the drying of the first radio frequency dryer 8.1 Band 8.4 is sent, the tapetum fibrosum after drying is sent to dyeing liquor squeeze device 9 by transition conveyer belt 8.4 and is dyed.
Step 9: dyeing liquor pads:This step carries out in dyeing liquor squeeze device 9, the structure of dyeing liquor squeeze device 9 Bleaching liquor squeeze device 5 is identical with boiling in step 5, is to boil bleaching liquor, dyeing liquor difference lies in boil the addition of bleaching liquor squeeze device 5 What squeeze device 9 added exports for dyeing liquor, tapetum fibrosum open width after dyeing liquor squeeze device 9 adds dyeing liquor.
Step 10:Vapour steaming colour fixing:This step carries out in vapour steaming colour fixing reaction chamber 10, and vapour steaming colour fixing reaction chamber 10 includes case Body 1001, babinet 1001 include left wallboard 1002, right wallboard 1003, front side board 1004, back side panel 1005, top plate 1006 and bottom 1007, the tapetum fibrosum 1008 of exhaust dyeing liquid is entered in babinet 1001 by 1009 open width of transmission net band by feed inlet 1010, is passed It is circulatory motion to send guipure 1009, and tapetum fibrosum 1008 is placed on guipure 1009 and is conveyed;The guipure 1009 is by driven roller 1011 tractions, driven roller 1011 are driven by motor reducer, idler roller 1013 are provided with guipure 1009, idler roller 1013 is used for The elasticity of guipure 1009 is adjusted, deviation rectification roller 1014 is provided with guipure 1009, deviation rectification roller 1014 is to the correction centering of guipure 1009; The main support net roll 1015 for being used to support guipure 1009 in babinet 1001 equipped with several is carried with secondary support net roll 1016, tapetum fibrosum 1008 Guipure 1009 to export from discharge port 1021 after high temperature steaming;1001 lower part of babinet sets several steam heating tanks 1017, Several are set to directly heat pipe 1018 in steam heating tank 1017, multiple heating tubes 1018 are connected in parallel on cross over pipe 1019, connection Temperature in 1019 set temperature control valve 1020 of siphunculus control fixation reaction chamber, temperature control exists in vapour steaming colour fixing reaction chamber 10 102 DEG C ± 2 DEG C, steaming time 1-2 minutes;
Step 11: padding type is washed:The step carries out in padding type washing unit 11, and padding type washing unit includes washing Machine E, soaper F, PH regulating tank G, plus soft groove H, rinsing machine E, soaper F, PH regulating tank G plus soft groove H with the first padding type Rinsing machine A structures, difference lies in the leaching liquid level soap lye in soaper F.
Step 12: radio frequency is dried:This step carries out in the second radio frequency dryer 12, the second radio frequency dryer 12 and the One radio frequency dryer, 8.1 structure is identical.
Step 13: shredding, packing:Fiber is after the second radio frequency dryer 12 drying in step 12, into fiber 13 shredding of opener, the fiber after shredding are packed by air hose into weighing-packaging machine 14, and fibre web is provided with above opener Wrap-up 15 by the multiple woven webs on fiber on wind-up roll it is stand-by, which can be repeated several times use.

Claims (9)

  1. A kind of 1. continuous production method of loose stock dyeing, it is characterised in that:It includes:
    Step 1: raw cotton shredding:This step carries out in raw cotton opener, and impurity and different fibre in cotton are detected before shredding, is led to Cross wind turbine and raw cotton is sucked into hopper, carry out thick shredding and smart shredding;
    Step 2: comb:This step carries out in carding machine, and the cotton in step 1 after shredding is combed by carding machine, Make staple in bulk into single fiber state, and remove the short flannel in cotton, then carry out mixing combing, carding machine is furnished with dust pelletizing system;
    Step 3: paving cotton:This step carries out in paving cotton machine, the thick fiber layer by the reciprocal laying of the fiber of step 2 into needs;
    Step 4: multiple net pressure is fine:Woven web is covered on thick fiber layer while enters the upper and lower pressing device for guipure, Woven web and thick fiber layer are clamped into compacting up and down, fiber is clamped among guipure and woven web and forms fiber Blanket, makes fiber not drift about in continuous flow procedure, is not scattered, unshifts;The woven web fiber weaving into Big mesh web, not only can effectively prevent fiber and had drifted about in process, but also will not prevent the immersion of chemicals and washing lotion;Spin Textured fiber net volume is wound on active volume cloth rewinder roll, is placed on the unwinding device above the multiple fine machine of net pressure, web holds fiber fortune After row to drying, before fibrillation, there is fibre web wrap-up by fibre web open width on wind-up roll, which, which can be repeated several times, makes With;The multiple fine machine of net pressure is by a driving motor reducer driving;
    Padded Step 5: boiling bleaching liquor:This step is carried out boiling in bleaching liquor squeeze device, which includes babinet;Babinet includes a left side Wallboard, right wallboard, front side board, back side panel, bottom and case head cover;Liquid bath is provided with babinet, is filled in liquid bath and boils bleaching liquor, babinet The guipure of ring-shaped is internally provided with, guipure is supported by driven voller, driven roller, idler roller and deviation rectification roller, and is driven by driven roller, Guipure shuttling movement, idler roller are used to adjust guipure elasticity, and deviation rectification roller is used for centering of rectifying a deviation to guipure;Guipure is used to convey logical The tapetum fibrosum after the fine machine compacting of multiple net pressure is crossed, the tapetum fibrosum being placed on guipure is pressurized to be immersed in and boils together under the action of wite roll Under bleaching liquor;Laboratory mangle under multiple tracks liquid is equipped with babinet, laboratory mangle is made of bearing roller and backer roll under liquid, and guipure carries tapetum fibrosum By laboratory mangle under first of liquid under liquid, laboratory mangle extrudes tapetum fibrosum under liquid, extrudes the liquid in tapetum fibrosum, works as fibre Dimension blanket departs from the liquid that can be drawn onto again at once after laboratory mangle under liquid in groove, is again introduced into laboratory mangle under follow-up multiple tracks liquid, passes through liquid The extruding of lower laboratory mangle is rolled to realize that more leachings, makes to boil in the tapetum fibrosum of the infiltration of bleaching liquor substantially uniformity;Backer roll is by being arranged on The cylinder action pressurization and lifting at both ends, press bearing roller, pressurization roller surface cladding acid-fast alkali-proof rubber, on each backer roll Side respectively sets the leaching liquid bath of a set of tooth form, and leaching liquid bath is used for supplement and boils bleaching liquor, and bleaching liquor is boiled after filtering with supplement in liquid bath Bleaching liquor is boiled together by being recycled in leaching liquid bath feeding case, and the bleaching liquor that boils under leaching liquid bath leaching is drenched on backer roll roll body, can make to add Foreign matter will not be stained with pressure roller;Tapetum fibrosum enters the pressure for being arranged on babinet rear portion after multiple tracks laboratory mangle pads together with guipure Expect padding machine, binder padding machine padding machine is made of pressurized rubber roller and driving by pressure roller, pressurized rubber roller surface cladding acid-fast alkali-proof rubber Glue, drives and is driven by pressure roller by motor reducer, and the liquid carrying rate of the tapetum fibrosum after binder padding machine is in 95-120%;The net Band is made of stainless steel wire, and tapetum fibrosum enters rear road decatize reaction chamber by discharge port;
    Step 6: decatize is reacted:This step carries out in decatize reaction chamber, and decatize reaction chamber includes babinet, and babinet includes left wall Plate, right wallboard, front side board, back side panel, top plate and bottom;Pad and boil the tapetum fibrosum of bleaching liquor feed inlet is passed through by oblique guipure open width Into in babinet, oblique guipure makees circulatory motion by driven roller traction, and driven roller is driven by motor reducer, and oblique guipure is by fibre Dimension blanket is transmitted to top from lower box, and then at the cloth outputting of oblique guipure, tapetum fibrosum is fallen on down under its own weight laterally to follow On the first layer of the horizontal guipure of ring movement, be provided with support roller between driven roller and driven voller, horizontal guipure through driven roller and Driven voller forms closed loop moving, tapetum fibrosum behind first layer cross drive to the end of horizontal guipure under drop down onto heterodromous the On two layers, tapetum fibrosum behind second layer cross drive to the end of horizontal guipure under drop down onto in heterodromous third layer, with this Back and forth, the from top to bottom S-shaped movement of tapetum fibrosum, if being exported after dried layer transmission net band from discharge port, if lower box is set Dry steam heating tank, heating tank is interior to set several to directly heat pipe, and heating tube is connected in parallel on cross over pipe, is set on cross over pipe Temperature in temperature control valve control decatize reaction chamber, temperature control is at 102 DEG C ± 2 DEG C in decatize reaction chamber, and tapetum fibrosum is in vapour The decatize reaction time in reaction chamber is steamed at 15-45 minutes;
    Step 7: padding type washs:This step carries out in padding type washing unit, and padding type washing unit is padded including first Formula rinsing machine A, second padding type rinsing machine B, PH regulating tank C and padding type add soft groove D, and guipure is below babinet by process auxiliary drive Roller is drawn, and process auxiliary drive roller is driven by motor reducer, guipure shuttling movement in padding type washing unit, is set and is opened on guipure Tight roller, idler roller is elastic for adjusting guipure, deviation rectification roller is provided with guipure, deviation rectification roller is to guipure correction centering;The guipure It is made of stainless steel wire;Tapetum fibrosum is conveyed into the first padding type rinsing machine A, tapetum fibrosum and the guipure wire guide in babinet by guipure Under the action of roller, it is immersed in together in cleaning solution;Be provided with laboratory mangle under multigroup liquid in babinet, under liquid laboratory mangle by bearing roller and Backer roll forms, and guipure carries tapetum fibrosum and is squeezed by laboratory mangle under first of liquid, tapetum fibrosum under liquid, is extruded and washes Liquid, the liquid that can be drawn onto again at once after tapetum fibrosum departs from first of laboratory mangle in groove, subsequently into laboratory mangle under second liquid It is pressurized, repeats above-mentioned action, tapetum fibrosum is realized that continuous more leachings more and rolled after laboratory mangle extruding under multiple tracks liquid, small under liquid to roll Car squeeze out lignin puffing after decatize is reacted in tapetum fibrosum, fiber surface fat and boil the chemicals in bleaching liquor, Reach the effect of cleaning;Backer roll is pressurizeed by the cylinder action for being arranged on both ends and lifting, presses to bearing roller, roller surface of pressurizeing Coat acid-fast alkali-proof rubber, the leaching liquid bath of a set of tooth form be respectively set above each backer roll, the washing lotion in babinet after filtering by Drench liquid bath and be sent into recycling in case, drenching washing lotion leaching in liquid bath on backer roll roll body, can make that foreign matter will not be stained with backer roll; Tapetum fibrosum enters the padding machine for being arranged on the first padding type rinsing machine A rear portions together with guipure after some groups of laboratory mangles pad, Padding machine is made of pressurized rubber roller and driving by pressure roller, and pressurization roller surface cladding acid-fast alkali-proof rubber, drives by pressure roller by motor Retarder drive, tapetum fibrosum and guipure after padding machine sequentially enter together second padding type rinsing machine B, PH regulating tank C and Padding type adds soft groove D, enters rear the first radio frequency dryer of road finally by discharge port;
    Wherein, the second padding type rinsing machine B is identical with the first padding type rinsing machine A structures and principle;PH regulating tanks C and padding type Add soft groove D identical with the first padding type rinsing machine A structures, difference lies in the leaching liquid of PH regulating tanks D is for adjusting fiber The acidic liquid of acid-base value, padding type add the leaching liquid of soft groove C to be softening agent;
    First padding type rinsing machine A, second padding type rinsing machine B, PH regulating tank C and padding type add soft groove D lower part be equipped with wash Liquid heating unit, can automatically control according to the temperature of technological requirement washing lotion between -95 DEG C of room temperature;
    Step 8: radio frequency is dried:This step carries out in the first radio frequency dryer, and tapetum fibrosum open width enters the first radio frequency dryer Drying, the fiber after drying contain damp rate and control between 5-8%;
    Wherein, when being bleached fiber such as product requirement, fiber needs to obtain through fibre opening machine and packaging of weighing after radio frequency is dried Bleached fiber finished product;
    Wherein, when being coloured fibre such as product requirement, fiber is after the drying of the first radio frequency dryer, into transition conveyer belt, by Tapetum fibrosum after drying is sent to dyeing liquor squeeze device and is dyed by transition conveyer belt;
    Step 9: dyeing liquor pads:This step carries out in dyeing liquor squeeze device, the structure and step of dyeing liquor squeeze device Bleaching liquor squeeze device is identical for boiling in five, is to boil bleaching liquor, dyeing liquor squeeze device difference lies in boil the addition of bleaching liquor squeeze device Addition exports for dyeing liquor, tapetum fibrosum open width after dyeing liquor squeeze device adds dyeing liquor;
    Step 10:Vapour steaming colour fixing:This step carries out in vapour steaming colour fixing reaction chamber, and vapour steaming colour fixing reaction chamber includes babinet, babinet Including left wallboard, right wallboard, front side board, back side panel, top plate and bottom, the tapetum fibrosum of exhaust dyeing liquid is led to by transmission net band open width Cross feed inlet to enter in babinet, transmission net band is circulatory motion, and tapetum fibrosum is placed on guipure and is conveyed;The guipure is by driving Roller is drawn, and driven roller is driven by motor reducer, and idler roller is provided with guipure, and idler roller is used for the elasticity for adjusting guipure, Deviation rectification roller is provided with guipure, deviation rectification roller is to guipure correction centering;The main support net of guipure is used to support in babinet equipped with several Roller and secondary support net roll, tapetum fibrosum carry guipure and are exported after high temperature steaming from discharge port;Lower box sets several steam to add Heat channel, steam heating tank is interior to set several to directly heat pipe, and multiple heating tubes are connected in parallel on cross over pipe, cross over pipe set temperature Temperature in control valve control fixation reaction chamber, temperature control is at 102 DEG C ± 2 DEG C in vapour steaming colour fixing reaction chamber, steaming time 1-2 Minute;
    Step 11: padding type is washed:The step carries out in padding type washing unit, and padding type washing unit includes rinsing machine E, soaper F, PH regulating tanks G, plus soft groove H, rinsing machine E, soaper F, PH regulating tank G plus soft groove H with the first padding type water Washing machine A structures, difference lies in the leaching liquid level soap lye in soaper F;
    Step 12: radio frequency is dried:This step carries out in the second radio frequency dryer, and the second radio frequency dryer and the first radio frequency dry Dry machine structure is identical;
    Step 13: shredding, packing:Fiber is after the second radio frequency dryer drying in step 12, into fibre opening machine Shredding, the fiber after shredding are packed by air hose into weighing-packaging machine, and fibre web wrap-up is provided with above opener will The multiple woven webs on fiber are stand-by on wind-up roll, which can be repeated several times use.
  2. A kind of 2. continuous production device of loose stock dyeing, it is characterised in that:It includes raw cotton opener, carding machine, paving cotton Machine, the fine machine of multiple net pressure, boil bleaching liquor squeeze device, decatize reaction chamber, padding type washing unit, the first radio frequency dryer, dyeing liquor Squeeze device, vapour steaming colour fixing reaction chamber, padding type washing unit, the second radio frequency dryer, fibre opening machine and weighing-packaging machine.
  3. A kind of 3. continuous production device of loose stock dyeing according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Bleaching liquor is boiled to pad Device includes babinet;Babinet includes left wallboard, right wallboard, front side board, back side panel, bottom and case head cover;Liquid is provided with babinet Groove, fills in liquid bath and boils bleaching liquor, box house is provided with the guipure of ring-shaped, and guipure is by driven voller, driven roller, idler roller and entangles Inclined roller support, and driven by driven roller, guipure shuttling movement, idler roller is used to adjust guipure elasticity, and deviation rectification roller is used for net Band correction centering;Guipure is used to convey the tapetum fibrosum by after the fine machine compacting of net pressure again, is placed in the tapetum fibrosum on guipure in wire guide It is pressurized to be immersed in together under the action of roller and boils under bleaching liquor;Laboratory mangle under multiple tracks liquid is equipped with babinet, laboratory mangle is by bearing roller under liquid Formed with backer roll, guipure carries tapetum fibrosum under liquid by laboratory mangle under first of liquid, and laboratory mangle carries out tapetum fibrosum under liquid Extruding, extrudes the liquid in tapetum fibrosum, and liquid in groove can be drawn onto again at once after tapetum fibrosum departs from laboratory mangle under liquid, again into Enter laboratory mangle under follow-up multiple tracks liquid, realize that more leachings more by the extruding of laboratory mangle under liquid and roll, make to boil oozing for bleaching liquor substantially uniformity In saturating tapetum fibrosum;Backer roll is pressurizeed by the cylinder action for being arranged on both ends and lifting, presses to bearing roller, and pressurize roller surface bag Acid-fast alkali-proof rubber is covered, the leaching liquid bath of a set of tooth form is respectively set above each backer roll, leaching liquid bath boils bleaching liquor, liquid bath for supplement The interior bleaching liquor that boils boils bleaching liquor together by being recycled in leaching liquid bath feeding case with supplement after filtering, and drift is boiled under leaching liquid bath leaching Liquid is drenched on backer roll roll body, can make that foreign matter will not be stained with backer roll;Tapetum fibrosum after multiple tracks laboratory mangle pads with guipure Enter the binder padding machine for being arranged on babinet rear portion together, binder padding machine padding machine is made of by pressure roller pressurized rubber roller and driving, adds Rubber roll surface cladding acid-fast alkali-proof rubber is pressed, drives and is driven by pressure roller by motor reducer, the fiber after binder padding machine The liquid carrying rate of blanket is in 95-120%;The guipure is made of stainless steel wire, and tapetum fibrosum is reacted by discharge port into rear road decatize Case.
  4. A kind of 4. continuous production device of loose stock dyeing according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Decatize reaction chamber Including babinet, babinet includes left wallboard, right wallboard, front side board, back side panel, top plate and bottom;Pad boil the tapetum fibrosum of bleaching liquor by Oblique guipure open width is entered in babinet by feed inlet, and oblique guipure makees circulatory motion by driven roller traction, and driven roller is by motor Retarder drives, and tapetum fibrosum is transmitted to top by oblique guipure from lower box, then at the cloth outputting of oblique guipure, tapetum fibrosum Fall on down under its own weight on the first layer of the horizontal guipure of traverse cycle movement, support is provided between driven roller and driven voller Roller, horizontal guipure form closed loop moving, first layer cross drive of the tapetum fibrosum through horizontal guipure to end through driven roller and driven voller Dropped down onto under behind end on the heterodromous second layer, tapetum fibrosum behind second layer cross drive to the end of horizontal guipure under drop down onto it is anti- It is reciprocal with this in the third layer of movement, the from top to bottom S-shaped movement of tapetum fibrosum, if from discharging after dried layer transmission net band Mouth output, lower box set several steam heating tanks, set several to directly heat pipe in heating tank, heating tube is connected in parallel on On cross over pipe, the temperature on cross over pipe in set temperature control valve control decatize reaction chamber.
  5. A kind of 5. continuous production device of loose stock dyeing according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Padding type washs Unit adds soft groove D including the first padding type rinsing machine A, second padding type rinsing machine B, PH regulating tank C and padding type, and guipure is from case Drawn below body by process auxiliary drive roller, process auxiliary drive roller is driven by motor reducer, and guipure circulates in padding type washing unit Move, idler roller is set on guipure, and idler roller is elastic for adjusting guipure, deviation rectification roller is provided with guipure, deviation rectification roller is to guipure Correction centering;The guipure is made of stainless steel wire;Tapetum fibrosum is conveyed into the first padding type rinsing machine A, tapetum fibrosum by guipure Under the action of wite roll, it is immersed in together in cleaning solution in babinet with guipure;Laboratory mangle under multigroup liquid, liquid are provided with babinet Lower laboratory mangle is made of bearing roller and backer roll, and guipure carries tapetum fibrosum under liquid by laboratory mangle under first of liquid, tapetum fibrosum It is squeezed, is extruded washing lotion, the liquid that can be drawn onto again at once after tapetum fibrosum departs from first of laboratory mangle in groove, subsequently into Laboratory mangle is pressurized under second liquid, repeats above-mentioned action, and tapetum fibrosum is realized continuous more after laboratory mangle extruding under multiple tracks liquid Leaching rolls, under liquid laboratory mangle squeeze out lignin puffing after decatize is reacted in tapetum fibrosum, fiber surface fat and boil Chemicals in bleaching liquor, reaches the effect of cleaning;Backer roll is pressurizeed by the cylinder action for being arranged on both ends and lifting, to bearing roller Pressure, pressurization roller surface cladding acid-fast alkali-proof rubber respectively set the leaching liquid bath of a set of tooth form above each backer roll, in babinet Washing lotion is sent into case by leaching liquid bath recycles after filtering, and drenching washing lotion leaching in liquid bath on backer roll roll body, can make backer roll On will not be stained with foreign matter;Tapetum fibrosum enters together with guipure after some groups of laboratory mangles pad is arranged on the washing of the first padding type The padding machine at machine A rear portions, padding machine are made of pressurized rubber roller and driving by pressure roller, and pressurization roller surface cladding acid-fast alkali-proof rubber, drives Dynamic to be driven by pressure roller by motor reducer, the tapetum fibrosum and guipure after padding machine sequentially enter the second padding type rinsing machine together B, PH regulating tanks C and padding type add soft groove D, enter rear the first radio frequency dryer of road finally by discharge port;
    Wherein, the second padding type rinsing machine B is identical with the first padding type rinsing machine A structures and principle;PH regulating tanks C and padding type Add soft groove D identical with the first padding type rinsing machine A structures, difference lies in the leaching liquid of PH regulating tanks D is for adjusting fiber The acidic liquid of acid-base value, padding type add the leaching liquid of soft groove C to be softening agent;
    First padding type rinsing machine A, second padding type rinsing machine B, PH regulating tank C and padding type add soft groove D lower part be equipped with wash Liquid heating unit.
  6. A kind of 6. continuous production device of loose stock dyeing according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Dyeing liquor pads The structure of device is identical with boiling bleaching liquor squeeze device.
  7. A kind of 7. continuous production device of loose stock dyeing according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Vapour steaming colour fixing is anti- Case is answered to include babinet, babinet includes left wallboard, right wallboard, front side board, back side panel, top plate and bottom, the fiber of exhaust dyeing liquid Blanket is entered in babinet by transmission net band open width by feed inlet, and transmission net band is circulatory motion, and tapetum fibrosum is placed on guipure and carries out Conveying;The guipure is drawn by driven roller, and driven roller is driven by motor reducer, and idler roller is provided with guipure, and idler roller is used In being provided with deviation rectification roller in the elasticity of adjustment guipure, guipure, deviation rectification roller is to guipure correction centering;Several use are equipped with babinet Carry guipure in the main support net roll and secondary support net roll, tapetum fibrosum of supporting network band and exported after high temperature steaming from discharge port;Under babinet Portion sets several steam heating tanks, sets several to directly heat pipe in steam heating tank, multiple heating tubes are connected in parallel on unicom Guan Shang, cross over pipe set temperature control valve control the temperature in fixation reaction chamber.
  8. A kind of 8. continuous production device of loose stock dyeing according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Padding type is washed It is equal that unit includes rinsing machine E, soaper F, PH regulating tank G plus soft groove H, rinsing machine E, soaper F, PH regulating tank G plus soft groove H With the first padding type rinsing machine A structures, difference lies in the leaching liquid level soap lye in soaper F.
  9. A kind of 9. continuous production device of loose stock dyeing according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Second radio frequency dries Dry machine is identical with the first radio frequency dryer structure.
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CN109322062A (en) * 2018-10-26 2019-02-12 大连民族大学 The layer-by-layer injection method of 3D stack multilayer electrospinning fibre
CN109594250A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-04-09 江苏东智禾新纤维科技有限公司 A kind of yarn that saving maceration extract and even dyeing is with padding slot and its working method
CN109736034A (en) * 2018-12-30 2019-05-10 山东黄河三角洲纺织科技研究院有限公司 A kind of dyeing apparatus and its colouring method of cotton fiber
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TWI815786B (en) * 2022-04-19 2023-09-11 緯笠紡織股份有限公司 Fabric dyeing method
TWI815785B (en) * 2022-04-19 2023-09-11 緯笠紡織股份有限公司 Fabric dyeing method

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TWI815786B (en) * 2022-04-19 2023-09-11 緯笠紡織股份有限公司 Fabric dyeing method
TWI815785B (en) * 2022-04-19 2023-09-11 緯笠紡織股份有限公司 Fabric dyeing method

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