CN107937785A - A kind of wear-resistant ceramic metallic composite - Google Patents

A kind of wear-resistant ceramic metallic composite Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107937785A
CN107937785A CN201711188481.3A CN201711188481A CN107937785A CN 107937785 A CN107937785 A CN 107937785A CN 201711188481 A CN201711188481 A CN 201711188481A CN 107937785 A CN107937785 A CN 107937785A
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China
Prior art keywords
weight
parts
wear
resistant ceramic
metallic composite
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Pending
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CN201711188481.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王云荣
关剑轩
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Guilin Yanshan District Youth Activity Center
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Guilin Yanshan District Youth Activity Center
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Priority to CN201711188481.3A priority Critical patent/CN107937785A/en
Publication of CN107937785A publication Critical patent/CN107937785A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C1/00Making alloys
    • C22C1/04Making alloys by powder metallurgy
    • C22C1/05Mixtures of metal powder with non-metallic powder
    • C22C1/051Making hard metals based on borides, carbides, nitrides, oxides or silicides; Preparation of the powder mixture used as the starting material
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22CALLOYS
    • C22C29/00Alloys based on carbides, oxides, nitrides, borides, or silicides, e.g. cermets, or other metal compounds, e.g. oxynitrides, sulfides

Abstract

A kind of wear-resistant ceramic metallic composite, includes the raw material of parts by weight:70 90 parts by weight of clay, 10 15 parts by weight of barite, 13 18 parts by weight of silica flour, 8 17 parts by weight of calcium carbonate, 35 55 parts by weight of zircon, 24 26 parts by weight of nano aluminium oxide, 13 parts by weight of tricalcium phosphate, silver-colored 2.5 3.6 parts by weight, 0.9 2.7 parts by weight of cobalt, 8 11 parts by weight of titanium.The invention has the advantages that on the basis of existing technology, there is provided a kind of wear-resistant ceramic metallic composite.

Description

A kind of wear-resistant ceramic metallic composite
Technical field
The present invention relates to Material Field, specifically, is related to a kind of wear-resistant ceramic metallic composite.
Background technology
Ceramics are by clay, quartz sand and other inorganic non-metallic raw materials, through dispensing, ball milling, powder processed, shaping, sintering Etc. the tabular or block elements of technique productions, it is widely used in decoration and protection building, the metope of structures and ground.With Real estate develops rapidly so that the production and consumption of ceramic tile is all got a larger development, while will to the performance of ceramics Ask also higher and higher.But intensity is low mostly for ceramics currently on the market, not hard enough, frangible, usability is poor, can not meet city Field demand.
Thus, how to obtain a kind of wear-resistant ceramic metallic composite is current china industry urgent problem.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are to provide a kind of wear-resistant ceramic metallic composite.
The technical solution that the present invention solves above-mentioned technical problem is as follows:
A kind of wear-resistant ceramic metallic composite, includes the raw material of parts by weight:Clay 70-90 parts by weight, barite 10- 15 parts by weight, silica flour 13-18 parts by weight, calcium carbonate 8-17 parts by weight, zircon 35-55 parts by weight, nano aluminium oxide 24-26 weights Measure part, tricalcium phosphate 1-3 parts by weight, silver 2.5-3.6 parts by weight, cobalt 0.9-2.7 parts by weight, titanium 8-11 parts by weight.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:On the basis of existing technology, there is provided a kind of wear-resistant ceramic metallic composite.
Based on the above technical solutions, the present invention can also be improved as follows:
Further, it includes the raw material of parts by weight:70 parts by weight of clay, 10 parts by weight of barite, 13 parts by weight of silica flour, carbon Sour 8 parts by weight of calcium, 35 parts by weight of zircon, 24 parts by weight of nano aluminium oxide, 1 parts by weight of tricalcium phosphate, silver-colored 2.5 parts by weight, cobalt 0.9 parts by weight, 8 parts by weight of titanium.
Further, it includes the raw material of parts by weight:90 parts by weight of clay, 15 parts by weight of barite, 18 parts by weight of silica flour, carbon Sour 17 parts by weight of calcium, 55 parts by weight of zircon, 26 parts by weight of nano aluminium oxide, 3 parts by weight of tricalcium phosphate, silver-colored 3.6 parts by weight, cobalt 2.7 parts by weight, 11 parts by weight of titanium.
Further, it includes the raw material of parts by weight:80 parts by weight of clay, 12 parts by weight of barite, 15 parts by weight of silica flour, carbon Sour 13 parts by weight of calcium, 42 parts by weight of zircon, 25 parts by weight of nano aluminium oxide, 2.3 parts by weight of tricalcium phosphate, silver-colored 3.2 parts by weight, 1.9 parts by weight of cobalt, 9 parts by weight of titanium.
Further, its production method includes:
(1) raw material is weighed in mass ratio, is uniformly mixed, is crushed, wet ball grinding 5-10h, and 150-200 mesh sieves are crossed after drying, It is stand-by;
(2) the waterglass mixing 20- that quality is mixture weight 2-4% will be added in powder made from above-mentioned steps (1) 30min, stands 10-15h, the solid content of the waterglass is 35%;
(3) by step (2) be uniformly mixed powder be sent to forming machine under 60-80MPa it is compressing, then will suppress Adobe send into dry kiln it is dry to the dry body that water content is 3-5%;
(4) dry body is warming up to 1160-1220 DEG C with the speed of 5-10 DEG C/min, keeps the temperature 2-3h, then with 10-15 DEG C/min Speed be cooled to 750-850 DEG C, keep the temperature 0.5-1h, be cooled to room temperature, got product through edging, packaging.
Embodiment
The principle of the present invention and feature are described with reference to embodiments, the given examples are served only to explain the present invention, It is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
A kind of wear-resistant ceramic metallic composite, includes the raw material of parts by weight:70 parts by weight of clay, 10 weight of barite Part, 13 parts by weight of silica flour, 8 parts by weight of calcium carbonate, 35 parts by weight of zircon, 24 parts by weight of nano aluminium oxide, 1 weight of tricalcium phosphate Part, silver-colored 2.5 parts by weight, 0.9 parts by weight of cobalt, 8 parts by weight of titanium.
Its production method includes:
(1) raw material is weighed in mass ratio, is uniformly mixed, is crushed, wet ball grinding 5h, and 150 mesh sieves are crossed after drying, it is stand-by;
(2) the waterglass mixing 20min that quality is mixture weight 2% will be added in powder made from above-mentioned steps (1), 10h is stood, the solid content of the waterglass is 35%;
(3) by the powder that step (2) is uniformly mixed be sent to forming machine under 60MPa it is compressing, then will suppress Adobe is sent into dry kiln dry to the dry body that water content is 3%;
(4) dry body is warming up to 1160 DEG C with the speed of 5 DEG C/min, keeps the temperature 3h, then be cooled to the speed of 10 DEG C/min 750 DEG C, 0.5h is kept the temperature, is cooled to room temperature, got product through edging, packaging.
Embodiment 2
A kind of wear-resistant ceramic metallic composite, includes the raw material of parts by weight:90 parts by weight of clay, 15 weight of barite Part, 18 parts by weight of silica flour, 17 parts by weight of calcium carbonate, 55 parts by weight of zircon, 26 parts by weight of nano aluminium oxide, 3 weight of tricalcium phosphate Measure part, silver-colored 3.6 parts by weight, 2.7 parts by weight of cobalt, 11 parts by weight of titanium.
Its production method includes:
(1) raw material is weighed in mass ratio, is uniformly mixed, is crushed, wet ball grinding 10h, and 200 mesh sieves are crossed after drying, it is stand-by;
(2) the waterglass mixing 30min that quality is mixture weight 4% will be added in powder made from above-mentioned steps (1), 15h is stood, the solid content of the waterglass is 35%;
(3) by the powder that step (2) is uniformly mixed be sent to forming machine under 80MPa it is compressing, then will suppress Adobe is sent into dry kiln dry to the dry body that water content is 5%;
(4) dry body is warming up to 1220 DEG C with the speed of 10 DEG C/min, keeps the temperature 3h, then be cooled to the speed of 15 DEG C/min 850 DEG C, 1h is kept the temperature, is cooled to room temperature, got product through edging, packaging.
Embodiment 3
A kind of wear-resistant ceramic metallic composite, includes the raw material of parts by weight:80 parts by weight of clay, 12 weight of barite Part, 15 parts by weight of silica flour, 13 parts by weight of calcium carbonate, 42 parts by weight of zircon, 25 parts by weight of nano aluminium oxide, tricalcium phosphate 2.3 Parts by weight, silver-colored 3.2 parts by weight, 1.9 parts by weight of cobalt, 9 parts by weight of titanium.
Its production method includes:
(1) raw material is weighed in mass ratio, is uniformly mixed, is crushed, wet ball grinding 10h, and 200 mesh sieves are crossed after drying, it is stand-by;
(2) the waterglass mixing 30min that quality is mixture weight 4% will be added in powder made from above-mentioned steps (1), 15h is stood, the solid content of the waterglass is 35%;
(3) by the powder that step (2) is uniformly mixed be sent to forming machine under 80MPa it is compressing, then will suppress Adobe is sent into dry kiln dry to the dry body that water content is 5%;
(4) dry body is warming up to 1220 DEG C with the speed of 10 DEG C/min, keeps the temperature 3h, then be cooled to the speed of 15 DEG C/min 850 DEG C, 1h is kept the temperature, is cooled to room temperature, got product through edging, packaging.
Comparative example 1
Commercially available general ceramic material.
Contrast sample 1 in the sample 1-3 and comparative example that are obtained in embodiment 1-3 is carried out to the test of performance respectively, is surveyed Its breakdown strength, the modulus of rupture and resistance to elevated temperatures are tried, it is as a result as shown in the table.
Breakdown strength/N The modulus of rupture/MPa Resistance to elevated temperatures
Embodiment 1 3182 54 It is outstanding
Embodiment 2 3185 53 It is outstanding
Embodiment 3 3181 51 It is outstanding
Comparative example 1 857 29 Generally
The foregoing is merely presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, it is all the present invention spirit and Within principle, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on, should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

  1. A kind of 1. wear-resistant ceramic metallic composite, it is characterised in that the raw material including parts by weight:Clay 70-90 parts by weight, It is barite 10-15 parts by weight, silica flour 13-18 parts by weight, calcium carbonate 8-17 parts by weight, zircon 35-55 parts by weight, nano oxidized Aluminium 24-26 parts by weight, tricalcium phosphate 1-3 parts by weight, silver 2.5-3.6 parts by weight, cobalt 0.9-2.7 parts by weight, titanium 8-11 parts by weight.
  2. A kind of 2. wear-resistant ceramic metallic composite according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the original including parts by weight Material:70 parts by weight of clay, 10 parts by weight of barite, 13 parts by weight of silica flour, 8 parts by weight of calcium carbonate, 35 parts by weight of zircon, nanometer 24 parts by weight of aluminium oxide, 1 parts by weight of tricalcium phosphate, silver-colored 2.5 parts by weight, 0.9 parts by weight of cobalt, 8 parts by weight of titanium.
  3. A kind of 3. wear-resistant ceramic metallic composite according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the original including parts by weight Material:90 parts by weight of clay, 15 parts by weight of barite, 18 parts by weight of silica flour, 17 parts by weight of calcium carbonate, 55 parts by weight of zircon, receive 26 parts by weight of rice aluminium oxide, 3 parts by weight of tricalcium phosphate, silver-colored 3.6 parts by weight, 2.7 parts by weight of cobalt, 11 parts by weight of titanium.
  4. A kind of 4. wear-resistant ceramic metallic composite according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the original including parts by weight Material:80 parts by weight of clay, 12 parts by weight of barite, 15 parts by weight of silica flour, 13 parts by weight of calcium carbonate, 42 parts by weight of zircon, receive 25 parts by weight of rice aluminium oxide, 2.3 parts by weight of tricalcium phosphate, silver-colored 3.2 parts by weight, 1.9 parts by weight of cobalt, 9 parts by weight of titanium.
  5. 5. according to a kind of any wear-resistant ceramic metallic composites of claim 1-4, it is characterised in that its production method Including:
    (1) raw material is weighed in mass ratio, is uniformly mixed, is crushed, wet ball grinding 5-10h, and 150-200 mesh sieves are crossed after drying, it is stand-by;
    (2) the waterglass mixing 20- that quality is mixture weight 2-4% will be added in powder made from above-mentioned steps (1) 30min, stands 10-15h, the solid content of the waterglass is 35%;
    (3) powder that step (2) is uniformly mixed is sent to forming machine compressing, brick that then will be suppressed under 60-80MPa Base send into dry kiln dry to the dry body that water content is 3-5%;
    (4) dry body is warming up to 1160-1220 DEG C with the speed of 5-10 DEG C/min, keeps the temperature 2-3h, then the speed with 10-15 DEG C/min Rate is cooled to 750-850 DEG C, keeps the temperature 0.5-1h, is cooled to room temperature, and is got product through edging, packaging.
CN201711188481.3A 2017-11-24 2017-11-24 A kind of wear-resistant ceramic metallic composite Pending CN107937785A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711188481.3A CN107937785A (en) 2017-11-24 2017-11-24 A kind of wear-resistant ceramic metallic composite

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108546088A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-09-18 合肥连森裕腾新材料科技开发有限公司 A kind of wear-resistant ceramic based composites and preparation method thereof
CN108774717A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-11-09 合肥连森裕腾新材料科技开发有限公司 A kind of corrosion-resistant ceramic based composites and preparation method thereof
CN108796401A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-11-13 合肥连森裕腾新材料科技开发有限公司 A kind of refractory ceramics based composites and preparation method thereof
CN108930005A (en) * 2018-07-19 2018-12-04 合肥连森裕腾新材料科技开发有限公司 A kind of high-strength ceramic based composites and preparation method thereof
CN109336918A (en) * 2018-10-12 2019-02-15 成都硅宝科技股份有限公司 A kind of organosiloxane fire retardant and its preparation method and application

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CN103482957A (en) * 2013-09-29 2014-01-01 陈春水 Antibacterial sanitary ceramic and preparation method thereof
CN103951398A (en) * 2014-04-08 2014-07-30 安徽省亚欧陶瓷有限责任公司 High-wear-resistant ceramic tile and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103482957A (en) * 2013-09-29 2014-01-01 陈春水 Antibacterial sanitary ceramic and preparation method thereof
CN103951398A (en) * 2014-04-08 2014-07-30 安徽省亚欧陶瓷有限责任公司 High-wear-resistant ceramic tile and preparation method thereof

Non-Patent Citations (2)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108546088A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-09-18 合肥连森裕腾新材料科技开发有限公司 A kind of wear-resistant ceramic based composites and preparation method thereof
CN108774717A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-11-09 合肥连森裕腾新材料科技开发有限公司 A kind of corrosion-resistant ceramic based composites and preparation method thereof
CN108796401A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-11-13 合肥连森裕腾新材料科技开发有限公司 A kind of refractory ceramics based composites and preparation method thereof
CN108930005A (en) * 2018-07-19 2018-12-04 合肥连森裕腾新材料科技开发有限公司 A kind of high-strength ceramic based composites and preparation method thereof
CN109336918A (en) * 2018-10-12 2019-02-15 成都硅宝科技股份有限公司 A kind of organosiloxane fire retardant and its preparation method and application
CN109336918B (en) * 2018-10-12 2020-12-01 成都硅宝科技股份有限公司 Organic siloxane flame retardant and preparation method and application thereof

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Application publication date: 20180420

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