CN106431204B - Waste slag ceramics brick and powder used, adobe body and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Waste slag ceramics brick and powder used, adobe body and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN106431204B
CN106431204B CN201610805733.1A CN201610805733A CN106431204B CN 106431204 B CN106431204 B CN 106431204B CN 201610805733 A CN201610805733 A CN 201610805733A CN 106431204 B CN106431204 B CN 106431204B
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parts
waste residue
powder
waste
firing
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CN106431204A (en
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梁桐灿
余国明
李少平
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GUANGDONG HONGHAI CERAMIC INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Guangdong Hongwei Ceramic Industry Co Ltd
GUANGDONG WINTO CERAMICS CO Ltd
Guangdong Hongyu New Material Co Ltd
Original Assignee
GUANGDONG HONGHAI CERAMIC INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Guangdong Hongwei Ceramic Industry Co Ltd
GUANGDONG WINTO CERAMICS CO Ltd
Guangdong Hongyu New Material Co Ltd
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    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/02Preparing or treating the raw materials individually or as batches
    • C04B33/13Compounding ingredients
    • C04B33/132Waste materials; Refuse; Residues
    • C04B33/1324Recycled material, e.g. tile dust, stone waste, spent refractory material
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    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/622Forming processes; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/626Preparing or treating the powders individually or as batches ; preparing or treating macroscopic reinforcing agents for ceramic products, e.g. fibres; mechanical aspects section B
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    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
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    • C04B35/64Burning or sintering processes
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    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
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    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
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    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/32Metal oxides, mixed metal oxides, or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3205Alkaline earth oxides or oxide forming salts thereof, e.g. beryllium oxide
    • C04B2235/3208Calcium oxide or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. lime
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    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/34Non-metal oxides, non-metal mixed oxides, or salts thereof that form the non-metal oxides upon heating, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3418Silicon oxide, silicic acids, or oxide forming salts thereof, e.g. silica sol, fused silica, silica fume, cristobalite, quartz or flint
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    • C04B2235/34Non-metal oxides, non-metal mixed oxides, or salts thereof that form the non-metal oxides upon heating, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3427Silicates other than clay, e.g. water glass
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    • C04B2235/34Non-metal oxides, non-metal mixed oxides, or salts thereof that form the non-metal oxides upon heating, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3427Silicates other than clay, e.g. water glass
    • C04B2235/3463Alumino-silicates other than clay, e.g. mullite
    • C04B2235/3472Alkali metal alumino-silicates other than clay, e.g. spodumene, alkali feldspars such as albite or orthoclase, micas such as muscovite, zeolites such as natrolite
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    • C04B2235/44Metal salt constituents or additives chosen for the nature of the anions, e.g. hydrides or acetylacetonate
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    • C04B2235/656Aspects relating to heat treatments of ceramic bodies such as green ceramics or pre-sintered ceramics, e.g. burning, sintering or melting processes characterised by specific heating conditions during heat treatment
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
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    • Y02P40/00Technologies relating to the processing of minerals
    • Y02P40/60Production of ceramic materials or ceramic elements, e.g. substitution of clay or shale by alternative raw materials, e.g. ashes

Abstract

Waste slag ceramics brick and powder used of the invention, adobe body and preparation method thereof, on the basis of the production technology not to existing Ceramic Tiles makes great change, emphasis is to the formula composition for preparing powder slurry therewith, the formula composition and pretreatment of ceramic waste residue, the ball-milling technology of slurry, the preparation process of powder, the performance parameter of powder, the firing time of each temperature region of kiln matches, firing process etc. is adjusted and optimizes, to keep the Ceramic Tiles product surface quality for mixing ceramic waste residue preparation at high proportion and inherent quality excellent, to keep the use scope of product more extensive, the technology has stronger universality simultaneously, it is easy in industry promote.

Description

Waste slag ceramics brick and powder used, adobe body and preparation method thereof
Technical field:
The present invention relates to the preparation technical fields of Ceramic Tiles, refer in particular to waste slag ceramics brick and powder used, adobe body And preparation method thereof.
Background technique:
With the fast development of ceramic industry, ceramic waste residue increasingly increases, according to incompletely statistics, the annual ceramic waste residue in the whole nation Discharge amount estimate at 10,000,000 tons or more, due to the plasticity bottom of ceramic waste residue, firing activity it is not high, impurity is more, such as high ratio Example, which is incorporated into ceramic tile production, to be recycled, and will cause Ceramic Tiles in links such as molding, drying and firings will cause powder flow Dynamic property and blank strength difference and generate cracking, deformation, the defects of dimensional discrepancy is big;Also contain chlorination in these ceramic waste residues simultaneously The bistriques such as magnesium, silicon carbide bits can release the pernicious gases such as a large amount of chlorine and carbon dioxide in firing, contain these waste residues Ceramic brick product can generate bulk gas in high temperature due to raw material and cause product foaming and intumescing, even completely destroy brick body, because This, ceramic waste residue is still based on landfill disposal, to should technically break through, can largely be recycled in ceramic tile production It utilizes, ceramic waste residue efficiently could beneficially be applied in large quantities, realize that the industrialization of ceramic waste residue recycles.
Summary of the invention:
It is an object of the invention to overcome disadvantages mentioned above, provide a kind of waste slag ceramics brick and powder used, adobe body and Preparation method, on the basis of the production technology not to existing Ceramic Tiles makes great change, emphasis matches ceramic waste residue Fang Zucheng and pretreatment, the formula composition for preparing powder slurry therewith, the ball-milling technology of slurry, the preparation process of powder, powder Performance parameter, each temperature region of kiln firing time be adjusted and optimize with when firing process etc., to make high ratio The powder of the Ceramic Tiles of example incorporation ceramic waste residue manufacture meets the requirement of dry-pressing Ceramic Tiles compression moulding, and prepared Ceramic Tiles produce Product comply with the national standard requirements, and then reach the utilization rate that ceramic waste residue is increased substantially in ceramic tile producing process, realize Bottom ceramic tile production cost, clean manufacturing, circular economy, the purpose of ceramic waste residue zero-emission drop;The technology has relatively strong simultaneously Universality, be easy in industry promote.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
The present invention relates to a kind of powders for being used to prepare waste slag ceramics brick comprising:
It prepares slurry used in powder: being prepared by following parts by weight component:
25~65 parts of ceramic waste residue, 15~45 parts of mixed sand of potassium feldspar and albite and quartz, 15~25 parts of clay, stone 0~10 part of grey stone grain, 0~10 part of silicon ash stone grain, 0~10 part of porcelain stone grain, 0~6 part of talcum, 1~2 part of additional waterglass, five water 0.2~0.4 part of sodium metasilicate, 0.1~0.3 part of sodium tripolyphosphate, 0.1~0.3 part of ceramics liquefacient, 50~55 parts of water;
Wherein ceramic waste residue is prepared by following parts by weight component:
40~60 parts of waste residues of polished tiles, 15~35 parts of glazed tile waste residue, 15~35 parts of Antique Imitation Tiles waste residue;
Waste residues of polished tiles therein is the squeezing of the waste water of each process generation in ceramic polished brick production process after processing Body refuse;Glazed tile waste residue is the squeezing body refuse of the waste water of each process generation in glazed tile production process after processing;Antique Imitation Tiles are useless Slag is the squeezing body refuse of the waste water of each process generation in Antique Imitation Tiles production process after processing.
The invention further relates to a kind of preparation methods of powder for being used to prepare waste slag ceramics brick comprising following steps:
A, the preparation for preparing slurry used in powder, prepares by weight:
First by 25~65 parts of ceramic waste residue, 15~45 parts of mixed sand of potassium feldspar and albite and quartz, clay 15~25 Part, 0~10 part of limestone particle, 0~10 part of silicon ash stone grain, 0~10 part of porcelain stone grain, 0~6 part of talcum, 1~2 part of additional waterglass, 0.2~0.4 part of metasilicate pentahydrate sodium, 0.1~0.3 part of sodium tripolyphosphate, 50~55 parts of water are put into togerther mixer mill in ball mill It is that 250 meshes tail over as the coarse particles of mass percent 5%~6% at fineness, then again by ceramics liquefacient 0.1~0.3 It part is put into ball mill, then is mixed together with the coarse particles in ball mill that wear into fineness be that 250 meshes tail over as quality percentage Than the screened stock material for 2.5%~4.5%, through storing the slurry for preparing powder to obtain the final product except iron is sieved;
Wherein ceramic waste residue is prepared by following parts by weight component:
40~60 parts of waste residues of polished tiles, 15~35 parts of glazed tile waste residue, 15~35 parts of Antique Imitation Tiles waste residue;
By 40~60 parts of waste residues of polished tiles, 15~35 parts of glazed tile waste residue, 15~35 parts of Antique Imitation Tiles waste residue, it is deposited in one It rises, is uniformly mixed, after aging 48 hours, then homogenizing stores up to ceramic waste residue again;
Waste residues of polished tiles therein is the brick pressure of the sewage of each process generation in ceramic polished brick production process after processing Press filt slag;Glazed tile waste residue is the squeezing body refuse of the waste water of each process generation in glazed tile production process after processing;Antique Imitation Tiles Waste residue is the squeezing body refuse of the waste water of each process generation in Antique Imitation Tiles production process after processing;
B, prepared by powder:
It is prepared what above-mentioned steps A was obtained in slurry pumping to spray drying tower used in powder, in slurry and hot-air Exchange temperature range be 580 DEG C~660 DEG C at, spray drying be made containing 5%~8% moisture of mass percent, bulk density For 0.92~1g/cm3, grain composition is that >=20 purposes are to account for total amount percentage to be less than or equal to 1%, 20 mesh~40 purposes to account for Total amount percentage 24%~42%, 40 mesh~60 purposes are Zhan total to account for total amount percentage 30%~44%, 60 mesh~80 purposes Amount percentage 13%~26%, 80 mesh~100 purposes are to account for total amount percentage 3%~7% ,≤100 purposes to account for total amount percentage Spare after storage aging 24 hours than the powder for being less than or equal to 5%, the sum of all grain compositions are 100%.
The invention further relates to a kind of preparation methods of the adobe body of waste slag ceramics brick comprising following steps:
A, the preparation for preparing slurry used in powder, prepares by weight:
First by 25~65 parts of ceramic waste residue, 15~45 parts of mixed sand of potassium feldspar and albite and quartz, clay 15~25 Part, 0~10 part of limestone particle, 0~10 part of silicon ash stone grain, 0~10 part of porcelain stone grain, 0~6 part of talcum, 1~2 part of additional waterglass, 0.2~0.4 part of metasilicate pentahydrate sodium, 0.1~0.3 part of sodium tripolyphosphate, 50~55 parts of water are put into togerther mixer mill in ball mill It is that 250 meshes tail over as the coarse particles of mass percent 5%~6% at fineness, then again by ceramics liquefacient 0.1~0.3 It part is put into ball mill, then is mixed together with the coarse particles in ball mill that wear into fineness be that 250 meshes tail over as quality percentage Than the screened stock material for 2.5%~4.5%, through storing the slurry for preparing powder to obtain the final product except iron is sieved;
Wherein ceramic waste residue is prepared by following parts by weight component:
40~60 parts of waste residues of polished tiles, 15~35 parts of glazed tile waste residue, 15~35 parts of Antique Imitation Tiles waste residue;
By 40~60 parts of waste residues of polished tiles, 15~35 parts of glazed tile waste residue, 15~35 parts of Antique Imitation Tiles waste residue, it is deposited in one It rises, is uniformly mixed, after aging 48 hours, then homogenizing stores up to ceramic waste residue again;
Waste residues of polished tiles therein is the brick pressure of the sewage of each process generation in ceramic polished brick production process after processing Press filt slag;Glazed tile waste residue is the squeezing body refuse of the waste water of each process generation in glazed tile production process after processing;Antique Imitation Tiles Waste residue is the squeezing body refuse of the waste water of each process generation in Antique Imitation Tiles production process after processing;
B, prepared by powder:
It is prepared what above-mentioned steps A was obtained in slurry pumping to spray drying tower used in powder, in slurry and hot-air Exchange temperature range be 580 DEG C~660 DEG C at, spray drying be made containing 5%~8% moisture of mass percent, bulk density For 0.92~1g/cm3, grain composition is that >=20 purposes are to account for total amount percentage to be less than or equal to 1%, 20 mesh~40 purposes to account for Total amount percentage 24%~42%, 40 mesh~60 purposes are Zhan total to account for total amount percentage 30%~44%, 60 mesh~80 purposes Amount percentage 13%~26%, 80 mesh~100 purposes are to account for total amount percentage 3%~7% ,≤100 purposes to account for total amount percentage Spare after storage aging 24 hours than the powder for being less than or equal to 5%, the sum of all grain compositions are 100%;
C, the preparation and firing of adobe body:
It is put into the powder after aging is prepared in above-mentioned steps B in the die cavity of press-forming machine, being pressed into has Certain thickness wet base, enters in dry kiln and is dried, and the green body after drying applied prime cement, is burnt subsequently into roller way kiln At wherein the maximum sintering temperature range of biscuit body is 1070 DEG C~1130 DEG C, and the maximum sintering temperature range of finished bricks is 1090 DEG C~1230 DEG C, total firing time range is 40~90 minutes, and guarantees that the zero-pressure position of roller way kiln is controlled in highest The middle position in firing temperature region is to get biscuit body or finished product;
Wherein the firing time of each temperature region is formed by the percentage of following total time: when the firing of room temperature~800 DEG C Between account for 30%~40%, 800 DEG C~1050 DEG C of firing time accounts for 16%~22%, within the scope of 1050 DEG C~maximum sintering temperature The time of temperature accounts for 4%~8%, and the soaking time of temperature accounts for 3%~7% within the scope of maximum sintering temperature, is burnt into temperature by highest The time that temperature is cooled to kiln outlet temperature in degree range accounts for 33%~37%, the summation of the firing time of all temperature regions It is 100%.
The invention further relates to a kind of adobe bodies of waste slag ceramics brick, according to the adobe body of mentioned-above waste slag ceramics brick Preparation method be made.
The invention further relates to a kind of preparation methods of the waste slag ceramics brick of once-firing comprising following steps:
A, the preparation for preparing slurry used in powder, prepares by weight:
First by 25~65 parts of ceramic waste residue, 15~45 parts of mixed sand of potassium feldspar and albite and quartz, clay 15~25 Part, 0~10 part of limestone particle, 0~10 part of silicon ash stone grain, 0~10 part of porcelain stone grain, 0~6 part of talcum, 1~2 part of additional waterglass, 0.2~0.4 part of metasilicate pentahydrate sodium, 0.1~0.3 part of sodium tripolyphosphate, 50~55 parts of water are put into togerther mixer mill in ball mill It is that 250 meshes tail over as the coarse particles of mass percent 5%~6% at fineness, then again by ceramics liquefacient 0.1~0.3 It part is put into ball mill, then is mixed together with the coarse particles in ball mill that wear into fineness be that 250 meshes tail over as quality percentage Than the screened stock material for 2.5%~4.5%, through storing the slurry for preparing powder to obtain the final product except iron is sieved;
Wherein ceramic waste residue is prepared by following parts by weight component:
40~60 parts of waste residues of polished tiles, 15~35 parts of glazed tile waste residue, 15~35 parts of Antique Imitation Tiles waste residue;
By 40~60 parts of waste residues of polished tiles, 15~35 parts of glazed tile waste residue, 15~35 parts of Antique Imitation Tiles waste residue, it is deposited in one It rises, is uniformly mixed, after aging 48 hours, then homogenizing stores up to ceramic waste residue again;
Waste residues of polished tiles therein is the brick pressure of the sewage of each process generation in ceramic polished brick production process after processing Press filt slag;Glazed tile waste residue is the squeezing body refuse of the waste water of each process generation in glazed tile production process after processing;Antique Imitation Tiles Waste residue is the squeezing body refuse of the waste water of each process generation in Antique Imitation Tiles production process after processing.
B, prepared by powder:
It is prepared what above-mentioned steps A was obtained in slurry pumping to spray drying tower used in powder, in slurry and hot-air Exchange temperature range be 580 DEG C~660 DEG C at, spray drying be made containing 5%~8% moisture of mass percent, bulk density For 0.92~1g/cm3, grain composition is that >=20 purposes are to account for total amount percentage to be less than or equal to 1%, 20 mesh~40 purposes to account for Total amount percentage 24%~42%, 40 mesh~60 purposes are Zhan total to account for total amount percentage 30%~44%, 60 mesh~80 purposes Amount percentage 13%~26%, 80 mesh~100 purposes are to account for total amount percentage 3%~7% ,≤100 purposes to account for total amount percentage Spare after storage aging 24 hours than the powder for being less than or equal to 5%, the sum of all grain compositions are 100%;
C, the preparation of adobe body and finished product firing:
It is put into the powder after aging is prepared in above-mentioned steps B in the die cavity of press-forming machine, being pressed into has Certain thickness wet base, enters in dry kiln and is dried, then spray water, and first applies ground coat enamel, then apply overglaze, using printing ornament, Then by applying prime cement, firing in roller kilns is entered back into, maximum sintering temperature range is 1130 DEG C~1230 DEG C, when total firing Between range be 60~90 minutes, and guarantee roller kilns zero-pressure position control in the middle position in maximum sintering temperature region, then By edging, classification process, that is, finished product is made;
Wherein the firing time of each temperature region is formed by the percentage of following total time: when the firing of room temperature~800 DEG C Between account for 30%~40%, 800 DEG C~1050 DEG C of firing time accounts for 16%~22%, within the scope of 1050 DEG C~maximum sintering temperature The time of temperature accounts for 4%~8%, and the soaking time of temperature accounts for 3%~7% within the scope of maximum sintering temperature, is burnt into temperature by highest The time that temperature is cooled to kiln outlet temperature in degree range accounts for 33%~37%, the summation of the firing time of all temperature regions It is 100%.
The invention further relates to a kind of waste slag ceramics bricks of once-firing, are made pottery according to the waste residue of mentioned-above once-firing The preparation method of ceramic tile is made.
The invention further relates to a kind of preparation methods of the waste slag ceramics brick of twice firing comprising following steps:
A, the preparation for preparing slurry used in powder, prepares by weight:
First by 25~65 parts of ceramic waste residue, 15~45 parts of mixed sand of potassium feldspar and albite and quartz, clay 15~25 Part, 0~10 part of limestone particle, 0~10 part of silicon ash stone grain, 0~10 part of porcelain stone grain, 0~6 part of talcum, 1~2 part of additional waterglass, 0.2~0.4 part of metasilicate pentahydrate sodium, 0.1~0.3 part of sodium tripolyphosphate, 50~55 parts of water are put into togerther mixer mill in ball mill It is that 250 meshes tail over as the coarse particles of mass percent 5%~6% at fineness, then again by ceramics liquefacient 0.1~0.3 It part is put into ball mill, then is mixed together with the coarse particles in ball mill that wear into fineness be that 250 meshes tail over as quality percentage Than the screened stock material for 2.5%~4.5%, through storing the slurry for preparing powder to obtain the final product except iron is sieved;
Wherein ceramic waste residue is prepared by following parts by weight component:
40~60 parts of waste residues of polished tiles, 15~35 parts of glazed tile waste residue, 15~35 parts of Antique Imitation Tiles waste residue;
By 40~60 parts of waste residues of polished tiles, 15~35 parts of glazed tile waste residue, 15~35 parts of Antique Imitation Tiles waste residue, it is deposited in one It rises, is uniformly mixed, after aging 48 hours, then homogenizing stores up to ceramic waste residue again;
Waste residues of polished tiles therein is the brick pressure of the sewage of each process generation in ceramic polished brick production process after processing Press filt slag;Glazed tile waste residue is the squeezing body refuse of the waste water of each process generation in glazed tile production process after processing;Antique Imitation Tiles Waste residue is the squeezing body refuse of the waste water of each process generation in Antique Imitation Tiles production process after processing;
B, prepared by powder:
It is prepared what above-mentioned steps A was obtained in slurry pumping to spray drying tower used in powder, in slurry and hot-air Exchange temperature range be 580 DEG C~660 DEG C at, spray drying be made containing 5%~8% moisture of mass percent, bulk density For 0.92~1g/cm3, grain composition is that >=20 purposes are to account for total amount percentage to be less than or equal to 1%, 20 mesh~40 purposes to account for Total amount percentage 24%~42%, 40 mesh~60 purposes are Zhan total to account for total amount percentage 30%~44%, 60 mesh~80 purposes Amount percentage 13%~26%, 80 mesh~100 purposes are to account for total amount percentage 3%~7% ,≤100 purposes to account for total amount percentage Spare after storage aging 24 hours than the powder for being less than or equal to 5%, the sum of all grain compositions are 100%;
C, the preparation of adobe body and finished product firing:
It is put into the powder after aging is prepared in above-mentioned steps B in the die cavity of press-forming machine, being pressed into has Certain thickness wet base, enters in dry kiln and is dried, by applying prime cement, subsequently into biscuiting in roller kilns, highest firing temperature Spending range is 1070 DEG C~1130 DEG C, and total firing time range is 40~90 minutes, and guarantees the zero-pressure position control of roller kilns In the middle position in maximum sintering temperature region, biscuit body is then obtained, then by after the cooling of biscuit body, first apply ground coat enamel, then apply face Glaze applies prime cement again after printing ornament, is fired by glaze into roller kilns, and maximum sintering temperature range is 1090 DEG C~1230 DEG C, always Firing time range be 45~80 minutes, and guarantee roller kilns zero-pressure position control maximum sintering temperature region interposition It sets, then by edging, classification process, that is, finished product is made;
Wherein the firing time of each temperature region of biscuiting, glaze firing presses the percentage composition of following total time: room temperature respectively ~800 DEG C of firing time accounts for 30%~40%, and 800 DEG C~1050 DEG C of firing time accounts for 16%~22%, 1050 DEG C~most The time of temperature accounts for 4%~8% in high firing range, within the scope of maximum sintering temperature the soaking time of temperature account for 3%~ 7%, 33%~37% is accounted for by the time that temperature within the scope of maximum sintering temperature is cooled to kiln outlet temperature, all temperature regions Firing time summation be 100%.
The invention further relates to a kind of waste slag ceramics bricks of twice firing, are made pottery according to the waste residue of mentioned-above twice firing The preparation method of ceramic tile is made.
The ceramic brick product glaze of waste slag ceramics brick of the invention and powder used, adobe body and preparation method thereof preparation High-quality, the defects of pin-free, glaze bubble, and product flatness is good, intensity is high, pattern texture clear and natural, and use scope is wide, together When the technology have stronger universality, be easy in industry promote.
Waste slag ceramics brick of the invention and powder used, adobe body and preparation method thereof, by matching to ceramic waste residue On the one hand Fang Zucheng and pretreated optimization ensure that the performance of each batch ceramic waste residue is stablized, to ensure that powder is matched The stabilization of side, addition when on the other hand can also destroy the resin adhesive brought into ceramic waste residue by bistrique bits, sewage treatment The organic substances such as zirconium sulfate, acrylic compounds strand, in favor of the dispersibility and mobility of slurry;Furthermore due to various The performance of waste residue is different, and reasonable proportion can make excellent, the weak progress of different waste residues complementary, is more advantageous to the production of Ceramic Tiles Control.The optimization for preparing the composition of formula of size used in powder, on the one hand can guarantee the high proportion incorporation of ceramic waste residue, from And increase the efficiency that ceramic waste residue recycles;On the other hand in turn ensure that Ceramic Tiles green body is capable of forming performance in high temperature Excellent skeleton, will not because high proportion mix ceramic waste residue after ceramic product in high temperature firing because of the discharge of a large amount of pernicious gases Foaming and intumescing caused by structure vegetable pine caused by and carries out, even completely destroys green body, to influence the appearance and endoplasm of product; The optimization of blank ball-milling technology guarantees that slurry has good dispersibility and mobility in the case where moisture content is low, because of pottery On the one hand containing the waste residue at partially polished brick essence throwing in porcelain waste residue, these essence throwing waste residue fineness are meticulous, easily cause in ball milling Slurry dispersion is bad, flocculates, to affect the mobility of slurry and make troubles the production of subsequent handling;Another aspect because The organic matters such as the aluminum sulfate that is added in sewage disposal process, acrylic compounds, resin adhesive in bistrique can also largely effect on slurry The dispersion performance of material makes slurry generate flocculation, makes troubles to subsequent production;The optimization of powder preparation process ensure that spraying In powder after drying because in ceramic waste residue because the organic matter that is added when the bistrique impurity brought into of bits and sewage treatment slurry with Hot-air exchange when, vaporization at high temperature and ensure that the accumulation of powder is conspired, thus when ensure that compacting wet base consistency because The organic matters such as the acrylic compounds being added in bistrique as the magnesium chloride of cementitious material, resin, sewage treatment can generate before 600 DEG C It decomposes, therefore the exchange temperature of slurry and hot-air is maintained at 580 DEG C~660 DEG C, is conducive to these organic matters in mist projection granulating When largely reaction vapor away, to ensure that the bulk density of powder;The optimization of properties of powder parameter guarantees that powder has properly Mobility and close bulk density, so that it is guaranteed that after compression moulding wet green body consistency and intensity, will not because at high proportion Mix the ceramic body of ceramic waste residue due to plasticity is low, firing activity is not high bring Ceramic Tiles in molding, drying and firing etc. Powder fluidity and blank strength that link will cause difference and generate cracking, deformation the defects of;The firing process of kiln it is excellent Change, it is ensured that the ceramic brick product of incorporation ceramic waste residue manufacture is in high temperature firing at high proportion, because there is chlorine in these ceramic waste residues Change the substances such as magnesium, silicon carbide, the pernicious gases such as a large amount of chlorine and carbon dioxide for releasing in firing can drain in time, and energy Glaze melt body is set to melt rapidly within the short time before firing terminates flat because of pin hole and pit left by gas discharge, thus will not The deformation that generates ceramic brick product in high temperature because of the discharge of bulk gas, foaming and intumescing and there is pin hole, glaze bubble etc. Defect.Because this is mainly through the present inventor the study found that ceramic waste residue can release a large amount of gas at 600 DEG C~800 DEG C The impurity such as the magnesium chloride and magnesium sulfate of the cementitious material as bistrique are released a large amount of in the generation decomposition reaction of this temperature region Gas, it is weightless obvious at 800 DEG C~1050 DEG C, and started to shrink at 900 DEG C or so, therefore the firing time of these temperature regions It is controlled with heating rate very crucial;The control of kiln zero pressure ensure that the pressure regime in kiln, ensure that ceramics The gas discharged in waste residue can be taken away by blower in time, be unlikely to rest in kiln and bring not to the quality of ceramic brick product The influence of benefit, or even destruction etc. is generated to kiln body.
In terms of comprehensive, waste slag ceramics brick provided by the invention and powder used, adobe body and preparation method thereof have as follows Advantage:
1, due to optimizing the formula composition and pretreatment, slurry of the formula composition for preparing powder slurry therewith, ceramic waste residue The ball-milling technology of material, the preparation process of powder, the performance parameter of powder, the firing time proportion of each temperature region of kiln, firing The adjustment such as technique and optimization, thus keep the Ceramic Tiles product surface quality for mixing ceramic waste residue manufacture at high proportion good, pin-free, glaze The defects of bubble and product flatness is good, intensity is high, pattern texture clear and natural, product use scope is wide.
2, due to optimizing the ball-milling technology of slurry, the preparation process of powder, the performance parameter of powder, to ensure that powder Material have suitable mobility and close bulk density, so that it is guaranteed that after compression moulding wet green body consistency and intensity, will not Because the ceramic body of high proportion incorporation ceramic waste residue due to plasticity is low, firing activity is not high bring Ceramic Tiles in molding, dry With the powder fluidity that will cause of links and the blank strength difference such as firing and generate cracking, deformation the defects of;
3, due to optimizing the proportion of the total firing time of firing time Zhan of the firing process and each temperature region of kiln, from And it ensure that the ceramic body that will not mix ceramic waste residue because of high proportion in high temperature firing by the row of ceramic waste residue bulk gas It puts and brings quality to influence the brick body of Ceramic Tiles.
4, waste slag ceramics brick product surface smoothness, the modulus of rupture, flexural strength, resistance to acid and alkali, the thermal shock resistance, radiation Property, lead-indium alloy reach GB/T4100-2015, GB6566-2011 and HJ/T297-2006 standard requirements.
5, it prepares in formula of size used in powder and is mixed with ceramic waste residue at high proportion, while reducing production cost again New method is provided for the efficient circulation utilization of ceramic waste residue.
6, using the production technology of existing Ceramic Tiles, make the present invention that there is stronger universality, it is easy to accomplish industrialization Scale.
Detailed description of the invention:
Fig. 1 is to prepare work involved in waste slag ceramics brick of the invention and powder used, adobe body and preparation method thereof Skill flow chart.
Specific embodiment:
Below with reference to embodiment, invention is further described in detail.
Example 1
The preparation method of waste slag ceramics brick comprising following steps:
A, ceramic waste residue is prepared:
The formula constituent of ceramic waste residue see the table below 1:
The composition table (parts by weight) of table 1, ceramic waste residue
Component Waste residues of polished tiles Glazed tile waste residue Antique Imitation Tiles waste residue
1# 40 35 25
2# 50 25 25
3# 60 15 25
4# 55 30 15
5# 45 20 35
Waste residues of polished tiles, glazed tile waste residue, Antique Imitation Tiles waste residue are weighed by the parts by weight of table 1, is stacked upon, mixing is equal It is even, after aging 48 hours, then it is homogenized again up to ceramic waste residue.
Wherein waste residues of polished tiles is the squeezing mud of the waste water of each process generation in ceramic polished brick production process after processing Slag, glazed tile waste residue are the squeezing body refuse of the waste water of each process generation in glazed tile production process after processing, Antique Imitation Tiles waste residue The waste water squeezing body refuse after processing generated for each process in Antique Imitation Tiles production process.
B, slurry used in powder is prepared:
The formula constituent for preparing slurry used in powder see the table below 2:
Table 2, the composition table (parts by weight) for preparing slurry used in powder
By 2 parts by weight of table first weigh the mixed sand of ceramic waste residue, potassium feldspar and albite and quartz, clay, limestone particle, Silicon ash stone grain, porcelain stone grain, talcum, waterglass, sodium tripolyphosphate, metasilicate pentahydrate sodium, water enter ball mill mixer mill at thin together Degree is that 250 meshes tail over as the coarse particles of mass percent 5%~6%, then again by remaining ceramics liquefacient (liquid) It is put into ball mill, then is mixed together with the coarse particles in ball mill that wear into fineness be that 250 meshes tail over as mass percent 2.5%~4.5% screened stock material, through preparing slurry used in powder to obtain the final product except iron sieving stores.Ceramics liquefacient (liquid therein Body) such as Foshan City Bohr ceramics Co., Ltd PC-83.
C, powder is prepared:
It is prepared what above-mentioned steps B was prepared in slurry pumping to spray drying tower used in powder, in slurry and heat It is spray dried to powder under air exchange, it is spare after storage aging 24 hours;The wherein exchange temperature of slurry and hot-air, powder Expect moisture content (adjusting moisture content according to product specification size, weather dry and wet), bulk density (with the pottery in the composition of slurry The additive amount of porcelain waste residue is related), the requirement that grain composition is the following table 3.
Table 3, slurry composition, slurry and hot-air exchange temperature and powder technological parameter require table
D, the preparation of adobe body:
It is put into the powder after aging is prepared in above-mentioned steps C in the die cavity of press-forming machine, being pressed into has Certain thickness wet base, enters in dry kiln and is dried, up to adobe body after drying.
E, the method for preparation and the firing of product
(1) preparation of the product of once-firing and process for calcining:
The adobe body that above-mentioned steps D is prepared first is sprayed water, ground coat enamel is then applied, applies overglaze again, using printing ornament, Prime cement to be applied again, at, maximum sintering temperature range is 1130 DEG C~1230 DEG C into roller kiln burning, total firing time range is 60~ 90 minutes, wherein the requirement of the firing time proportion according to the form below 4 of each temperature region, and guarantee that the zero-pressure position control of roller kilns exists Finished product is made then by edging, classification process in the middle position in maximum sintering temperature region.
(2) the product preparation of twice firing and process for calcining:
The adobe body that above-mentioned steps D is prepared, by applying prime cement, subsequently into roller kilns biscuiting, highest firing temperature Spending range is 1070 DEG C~1130 DEG C, and total firing time range is 40~70 minutes, wherein the firing time of each temperature region Match the requirement of according to the form below 4, and guarantee the zero-pressure position controls of roller kilns in the middle position in maximum sintering temperature region, then Biscuit body is obtained, then by after the cooling of biscuit body, first applies ground coat enamel, then apply overglaze;Using printing ornament, using applying prime cement, into Entering roller kilns glaze firing, maximum sintering temperature range is 1090 DEG C~1230 DEG C, and total firing time range is 45~80 minutes, The requirement of the firing time proportion according to the form below 4 of each temperature region of middle biscuiting and glaze firing, and guarantee the zero-pressure position control of roller kilns In the middle position in maximum sintering temperature region then by edging, classification process, that is, finished product is made in system.
Firing time proportion table (accounting for total time percentage, %) of table 4, each temperature region
It is produced using the Ceramic Tiles that waste slag ceramics brick of the present invention and powder used, adobe body and preparation method thereof are prepared The defects of product surface quality is good, and pin-free, glaze steeps, product flatness is good, intensity is high, the pattern texture of printing ornament is clear, certainly So, the surface smoothness of the product, the modulus of rupture, flexural strength, resistance to acid and alkali, thermal shock resistance, radioactivity, lead-indium alloy etc. Performance indexes, which is detected, reaches GB/T4100-2015, the standard requirements of GB6566-2011 and HJ/T297-2006.
In conclusion only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention in any form;It is all The those of ordinary skill of the industry can implement the present invention by the above and swimmingly;But all technology people for being familiar with this profession Member without departing from the scope of the present invention, repair by a little change for making using disclosed above technology contents Decorations and the equivalent variations developed, are equivalent embodiment of the invention;Meanwhile all substantial technologicals according to the present invention are to the above reality The change, modification and differentiation for applying any equivalent variations made by example, still fall within technical solution of the present invention protection scope it It is interior.

Claims (8)

1. being used to prepare the preparation method of the powder of waste slag ceramics brick, it is characterised in that:
Itself the following steps are included:
A, the preparation for preparing slurry used in powder, prepares by weight:
First by 25~65 parts of ceramic waste residue, 15~45 parts of mixed sand of potassium feldspar and albite and quartz, 15~25 parts of clay, stone 0~10 part of grey stone grain, 0~10 part of silicon ash stone grain, 0~10 part of porcelain stone grain, 0~6 part of talcum, 1~2 part of additional waterglass, five water 0.2~0.4 part of sodium metasilicate, 0.1~0.3 part of sodium tripolyphosphate, 50~55 parts of water are put into togerther mixing in ball mill and wear into carefully Degree is that 250 meshes tail over as the coarse particles of mass percent 5%~6%, then again puts 0.1~0.3 part of ceramics liquefacient Enter in ball mill, then is mixed together with the coarse particles in ball mill that wear into fineness be that tailing over for 250 meshes is for mass percent 2.5%~4.5% screened stock material, through storing the slurry for preparing powder to obtain the final product except iron is sieved;
Wherein ceramic waste residue is prepared by following parts by weight component:
40~60 parts of waste residues of polished tiles, 15~35 parts of glazed tile waste residue, 15~35 parts of Antique Imitation Tiles waste residue;
It by 40~60 parts of waste residues of polished tiles, 15~35 parts of glazed tile waste residue, 15~35 parts of Antique Imitation Tiles waste residue, is stacked upon, mixes It closes uniformly, after aging 48 hours, then homogenizing stores up to ceramic waste residue again;
Waste residues of polished tiles therein is that the brick of the sewage of each process generation in ceramic polished brick production process after processing squeezes mud Slag;Glazed tile waste residue is the squeezing body refuse of the waste water of each process generation in glazed tile production process after processing;Antique Imitation Tiles waste residue The waste water squeezing body refuse after processing generated for each process in Antique Imitation Tiles production process;
B, prepared by powder:
It is prepared what above-mentioned steps A was obtained in slurry pumping to spray drying tower used in powder, in the friendship of slurry and hot-air Changing temperature range is at 580 DEG C~660 DEG C, and spray drying is made containing 5%~8% moisture of mass percent, and bulk density is 0.92~1g/cm3, grain composition be >=20 purposes be account for total amount percentage less than or equal to 1%, 20 mesh~40 purposes be Zhan total Amount percentage 24%~42%, 40 mesh~60 purposes are to account for total amount percentage 30%~44%, 60 mesh~80 purposes to account for total amount Percentage 13%~26%, 80 mesh~100 purposes are to account for total amount percentage 3%~7% ,≤100 purposes to account for total amount percentage Powder less than or equal to 5%, spare after storage aging 24 hours, the sum of all grain compositions are 100%.
2. a kind of powder for being used to prepare waste slag ceramics brick, it is characterised in that:
The preparation method of its powder according to claim 1 for being used to prepare waste slag ceramics brick is made.
3. the preparation method of the adobe body of waste slag ceramics brick, it is characterised in that:
Itself the following steps are included:
A, the preparation for preparing slurry used in powder, prepares by weight:
First by 25~65 parts of ceramic waste residue, 15~45 parts of mixed sand of potassium feldspar and albite and quartz, 15~25 parts of clay, stone 0~10 part of grey stone grain, 0~10 part of silicon ash stone grain, 0~10 part of porcelain stone grain, 0~6 part of talcum, 1~2 part of additional waterglass, five water 0.2~0.4 part of sodium metasilicate, 0.1~0.3 part of sodium tripolyphosphate, 50~55 parts of water are put into togerther mixing in ball mill and wear into carefully Degree is that 250 meshes tail over as the coarse particles of mass percent 5%~6%, then again puts 0.1~0.3 part of ceramics liquefacient Enter in ball mill, then is mixed together with the coarse particles in ball mill that wear into fineness be that tailing over for 250 meshes is for mass percent 2.5%~4.5% screened stock material, through storing the slurry for preparing powder to obtain the final product except iron is sieved;
Wherein ceramic waste residue is prepared by following parts by weight component:
40~60 parts of waste residues of polished tiles, 15~35 parts of glazed tile waste residue, 15~35 parts of Antique Imitation Tiles waste residue;
It by 40~60 parts of waste residues of polished tiles, 15~35 parts of glazed tile waste residue, 15~35 parts of Antique Imitation Tiles waste residue, is stacked upon, mixes It closes uniformly, after aging 48 hours, then homogenizing stores up to ceramic waste residue again;
Waste residues of polished tiles therein is that the brick of the sewage of each process generation in ceramic polished brick production process after processing squeezes mud Slag;Glazed tile waste residue is the squeezing body refuse of the waste water of each process generation in glazed tile production process after processing;Antique Imitation Tiles waste residue The waste water squeezing body refuse after processing generated for each process in Antique Imitation Tiles production process;
B, prepared by powder:
It is prepared what above-mentioned steps A was obtained in slurry pumping to spray drying tower used in powder, in the friendship of slurry and hot-air Changing temperature range is at 580 DEG C~660 DEG C, and spray drying is made containing 5%~8% moisture of mass percent, and bulk density is 0.92~1g/cm3, grain composition be >=20 purposes be account for total amount percentage less than or equal to 1%, 20 mesh~40 purposes be Zhan total Amount percentage 24%~42%, 40 mesh~60 purposes are to account for total amount percentage 30%~44%, 60 mesh~80 purposes to account for total amount Percentage 13%~26%, 80 mesh~100 purposes are to account for total amount percentage 3%~7% ,≤100 purposes to account for total amount percentage Powder less than or equal to 5%, spare after storage aging 24 hours, the sum of all grain compositions are 100%;
C, the preparation and firing of adobe body:
It is put into the powder after aging is prepared in above-mentioned steps B in the die cavity of press-forming machine, being pressed into has centainly The wet base of thickness, enters in dry kiln and is dried, and the green body after drying applied prime cement, is burnt into subsequently into roller way kiln, Wherein the maximum sintering temperature range of biscuit body is 1070 DEG C~1130 DEG C, and the maximum sintering temperature range of finished bricks is 1090 DEG C ~1230 DEG C, total firing time range is 40~90 minutes, and guarantees that the zero-pressure position control of roller way kiln is burnt into temperature in highest The middle position in region is spent to get biscuit body or finished product;
Wherein the firing time of each temperature region is formed by the percentage of following total time: the firing time of room temperature~800 DEG C accounts for 30%~40%, 800 DEG C~1050 DEG C of firing time accounts for 16%~22%, temperature within the scope of 1050 DEG C~maximum sintering temperature Time account for 4%~8%, the soaking time of temperature accounts for 3%~7% within the scope of maximum sintering temperature, by maximum sintering temperature model It encloses interior temperature and is cooled to time of kiln outlet temperature and account for 33%~37%, the summation of the firing time of all temperature regions is 100%.
4. the adobe body of waste slag ceramics brick, it is characterised in that:
The preparation method of the adobe body of its waste slag ceramics brick according to claim 3 is made.
5. the preparation method of the waste slag ceramics brick of once-firing, it is characterised in that:
Itself the following steps are included:
A, the preparation for preparing slurry used in powder, prepares by weight:
First by 25~65 parts of ceramic waste residue, 15~45 parts of mixed sand of potassium feldspar and albite and quartz, 15~25 parts of clay, stone 0~10 part of grey stone grain, 0~10 part of silicon ash stone grain, 0~10 part of porcelain stone grain, 0~6 part of talcum, 1~2 part of additional waterglass, five water 0.2~0.4 part of sodium metasilicate, 0.1~0.3 part of sodium tripolyphosphate, 50~55 parts of water are put into togerther mixing in ball mill and wear into carefully Degree is that 250 meshes tail over as the coarse particles of mass percent 5%~6%, then again puts 0.1~0.3 part of ceramics liquefacient Enter in ball mill, then is mixed together with the coarse particles in ball mill that wear into fineness be that tailing over for 250 meshes is for mass percent 2.5%~4.5% screened stock material, through storing the slurry for preparing powder to obtain the final product except iron is sieved;
Wherein ceramic waste residue is prepared by following parts by weight component:
40~60 parts of waste residues of polished tiles, 15~35 parts of glazed tile waste residue, 15~35 parts of Antique Imitation Tiles waste residue;
It by 40~60 parts of waste residues of polished tiles, 15~35 parts of glazed tile waste residue, 15~35 parts of Antique Imitation Tiles waste residue, is stacked upon, mixes It closes uniformly, after aging 48 hours, then homogenizing stores up to ceramic waste residue again;
Waste residues of polished tiles therein is that the brick of the sewage of each process generation in ceramic polished brick production process after processing squeezes mud Slag;Glazed tile waste residue is the squeezing body refuse of the waste water of each process generation in glazed tile production process after processing;Antique Imitation Tiles waste residue The waste water squeezing body refuse after processing generated for each process in Antique Imitation Tiles production process;
B, prepared by powder:
It is prepared what above-mentioned steps A was obtained in slurry pumping to spray drying tower used in powder, in the friendship of slurry and hot-air Changing temperature range is at 580 DEG C~660 DEG C, and spray drying is made containing 5%~8% moisture of mass percent, and bulk density is 0.92~1g/cm3, grain composition be >=20 purposes be account for total amount percentage less than or equal to 1%, 20 mesh~40 purposes be Zhan total Amount percentage 24%~42%, 40 mesh~60 purposes are to account for total amount percentage 30%~44%, 60 mesh~80 purposes to account for total amount Percentage 13%~26%, 80 mesh~100 purposes are to account for total amount percentage 3%~7% ,≤100 purposes to account for total amount percentage Powder less than or equal to 5%, spare after storage aging 24 hours, the sum of all grain compositions are 100%;
C, the preparation of adobe body and finished product firing:
It is put into the powder after aging is prepared in above-mentioned steps B in the die cavity of press-forming machine, being pressed into has centainly The wet base of thickness, enters in dry kiln and is dried, then spray water, and first applies ground coat enamel, then apply overglaze, using printing ornament, then By applying prime cement, firing in roller kilns is entered back into, maximum sintering temperature range is 1130 DEG C~1230 DEG C, total firing time model Enclosing is 60~90 minutes, and guarantees that the zero-pressure position of roller kilns controls in the middle position in maximum sintering temperature region, is then passed through Edging, classification process, that is, be made finished product;
Wherein the firing time of each temperature region is formed by the percentage of following total time: the firing time of room temperature~800 DEG C accounts for 30%~40%, 800 DEG C~1050 DEG C of firing time accounts for 16%~22%, temperature within the scope of 1050 DEG C~maximum sintering temperature Time account for 4%~8%, the soaking time of temperature accounts for 3%~7% within the scope of maximum sintering temperature, by maximum sintering temperature model It encloses interior temperature and is cooled to time of kiln outlet temperature and account for 33%~37%, the summation of the firing time of all temperature regions is 100%.
6. the waste slag ceramics brick of once-firing, it is characterised in that:
The preparation method of the waste slag ceramics brick of its once-firing according to claim 5 is made.
7. the preparation method of the waste slag ceramics brick of twice firing, it is characterised in that:
Itself the following steps are included:
A, the preparation for preparing slurry used in powder, prepares by weight:
First by 25~65 parts of ceramic waste residue, 15~45 parts of mixed sand of potassium feldspar and albite and quartz, 15~25 parts of clay, stone 0~10 part of grey stone grain, 0~10 part of silicon ash stone grain, 0~10 part of porcelain stone grain, 0~6 part of talcum, 1~2 part of additional waterglass, five water 0.2~0.4 part of sodium metasilicate, 0.1~0.3 part of sodium tripolyphosphate, 50~55 parts of water are put into togerther mixing in ball mill and wear into carefully Degree is that 250 meshes tail over as the coarse particles of mass percent 5%~6%, then again puts 0.1~0.3 part of ceramics liquefacient Enter in ball mill, then is mixed together with the coarse particles in ball mill that wear into fineness be that tailing over for 250 meshes is for mass percent 2.5%~4.5% screened stock material, through storing the slurry for preparing powder to obtain the final product except iron is sieved;
Wherein ceramic waste residue is prepared by following parts by weight component:
40~60 parts of waste residues of polished tiles, 15~35 parts of glazed tile waste residue, 15~35 parts of Antique Imitation Tiles waste residue;
It by 40~60 parts of waste residues of polished tiles, 15~35 parts of glazed tile waste residue, 15~35 parts of Antique Imitation Tiles waste residue, is stacked upon, mixes It closes uniformly, after aging 48 hours, then homogenizing stores up to ceramic waste residue again;
Waste residues of polished tiles therein is that the brick of the sewage of each process generation in ceramic polished brick production process after processing squeezes mud Slag;Glazed tile waste residue is the squeezing body refuse of the waste water of each process generation in glazed tile production process after processing;Antique Imitation Tiles waste residue The waste water squeezing body refuse after processing generated for each process in Antique Imitation Tiles production process;
B, prepared by powder:
It is prepared what above-mentioned steps A was obtained in slurry pumping to spray drying tower used in powder, in the friendship of slurry and hot-air Changing temperature range is at 580 DEG C~660 DEG C, and spray drying is made containing 5%~8% moisture of mass percent, and bulk density is 0.92~1g/cm3, grain composition be >=20 purposes be account for total amount percentage less than or equal to 1%, 20 mesh~40 purposes be Zhan total Amount percentage 24%~42%, 40 mesh~60 purposes are to account for total amount percentage 30%~44%, 60 mesh~80 purposes to account for total amount Percentage 13%~26%, 80 mesh~100 purposes are to account for total amount percentage 3%~7% ,≤100 purposes to account for total amount percentage Powder less than or equal to 5%, spare after storage aging 24 hours, the sum of all grain compositions are 100%;
C, the preparation of adobe body and finished product firing:
It is put into the powder after aging is prepared in above-mentioned steps B in the die cavity of press-forming machine, being pressed into has centainly The wet base of thickness, enters in dry kiln and is dried, by applying prime cement, subsequently into biscuiting in roller kilns, maximum sintering temperature model Enclosing is 1070 DEG C~1130 DEG C, and total firing time range is 40~90 minutes, and guarantees that the zero-pressure position of roller kilns is controlled most Then high fever obtains biscuit body, then by after the cooling of biscuit body, first apply ground coat enamel, then apply overglaze, pass through at the middle position of temperature region Prime cement is applied again after crossing printing ornament, is fired by glaze into roller kilns, and maximum sintering temperature range is 1090 DEG C~1230 DEG C, total firing Time range is 45~80 minutes, and guarantees that the zero-pressure position of roller kilns controls in the middle position in maximum sintering temperature region, so Afterwards by edging, classification process, that is, finished product is made;
Wherein the firing time of each temperature region of biscuiting, glaze firing presses the percentage composition of following total time: room temperature~800 respectively DEG C firing time account for 30%~40%, 800 DEG C~1050 DEG C of firing time accounts for 16%~22%, the firing of 1050 DEG C~highest The time of temperature accounts for 4%~8% in temperature range, and the soaking time of temperature accounts for 3%~7% within the scope of maximum sintering temperature, by The time that temperature is cooled to kiln outlet temperature within the scope of maximum sintering temperature accounts for 33%~37%, the firing of all temperature regions The summation of time is 100%.
8. the waste slag ceramics brick of twice firing, it is characterised in that:
The preparation method of the waste slag ceramics brick of its twice firing according to claim 7 is made.
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CN108751938A (en) * 2018-07-25 2018-11-06 广西驰胜农业科技有限公司 A kind of production method of anti-skid brick
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CN110357584A (en) * 2019-07-04 2019-10-22 东莞市唯美装饰材料有限公司 A method of ceramic mud is prepared using recycling ceramic wastewater
CN110451926A (en) * 2019-07-04 2019-11-15 东莞市唯美装饰材料有限公司 A method of using building site waste mud for Ceramic Tiles

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