CN110357585A - A method of potsherd is prepared using cinder - Google Patents

A method of potsherd is prepared using cinder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110357585A
CN110357585A CN201910599990.8A CN201910599990A CN110357585A CN 110357585 A CN110357585 A CN 110357585A CN 201910599990 A CN201910599990 A CN 201910599990A CN 110357585 A CN110357585 A CN 110357585A
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Prior art keywords
cinder
mud
potsherd
preparation
preparing
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Inventor
刘春红
王爱芳
周青
邱欣
龙友福
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CHONGQING WEIMEI CERAMICS Co.,Ltd.
JIANGXI WONDERFUL CERAMIC Co.,Ltd.
Dongguan City Wonderful Ceramics Industrial Park Co Ltd
Jiangxi Hemei Ceramics Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Chongqing Aestheticism Ceramic Co Ltd
Dongguan Weimei Decorative Materials Co Ltd
Dongguan City Wonderful Ceramics Industrial Park Co Ltd
Jiangxi Hemei Ceramics Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910599990.8A priority Critical patent/CN110357585A/en
Publication of CN110357585A publication Critical patent/CN110357585A/en
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    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
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    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
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    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
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    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
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    • C04B33/16Lean materials, e.g. grog, quartz
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    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
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    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
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    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/32Metal oxides, mixed metal oxides, or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
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    • Y02P40/60Production of ceramic materials or ceramic elements, e.g. substitution of clay or shale by alternative raw materials, e.g. ashes

Abstract

The present invention relates to potsherd technical fields, more particularly to a kind of method for preparing potsherd using cinder, this method includes the processes such as the preparation of cinder mud, the preparation of base mud, the preparation of standard tile mud and spray drying, green body compression moulding, body drying, green body biscuiting, green body glazing, product firing.Present invention employs low-cost cinders as blank raw material, greatly reduce production cost, the performance of cinder mud is improved simultaneously, it solves the problems, such as to cause glaze the ceramic defect such as pin hole, fusion hole, spot, bulge occur due to introducing cinder, so that the properties of green body is not affected, guarantees the stability of production.

Description

A method of potsherd is prepared using cinder
Technical field
The present invention relates to potsherd technical fields, and in particular to a method of potsherd is prepared using cinder.
Background technique
Ceramic industry development in recent years is swift and violent, and the demand to raw material is also increasing.It is well known that mineral resources are Non-renewable resources, most of Ceramics Enterprises all ceramic body whiteness in the continuous improvement, improve the market competition of itself product Power, but good raw material is reduced increasingly, and quality is also not equal to before;In addition, prices of raw materials rise directly results in enterprise Production cost jumps up.Therefore, new raw material is developed, production cost is reduced, improving product quality is current ceramic industry One new research direction.
Cinder is one kind of solid waste, and yield is larger, and about 0.35 ton of cinder is averagely generated after 1 ton of coal combustion.Cinder It throws aside, occupies tract, sulfide, which is escaped or leached, can pollute atmosphere, farmland, water body, natural fire also easy to happen, Long-term stack brings very big harm to ecological environment.With the development of society, the raising of environmental requirement, resource, the energy The comprehensive utilization of minimizing, waste is particularly important, and waste wtility had not only protected environment but also increased resource regeneration, make through Ji is improved with context synchronization.Contain a large amount of SiO in cinder2、Al2O3、Fe2O3, CaO, there are also a small amount of remaining calorific value, therefore, Application of the research recycling cinder in ceramic tile body recipe, not only reduces the consumption of traditional raw material, and can be more Waste material cinder is preferably utilized, the recycling of waste material is realized, not only improves save the cost, and be conducive to environmental protection.
The appearance color of cinder is yellow, lime color, light/dark balance, main component SiO2: 45-55%, Al2O3: 30-36%, Fe2O3: 5-11%, CaO:9-15%, it is that a kind of particle is thicker that it is corvinus that briquette examination, which is made, and burns, residue complex in composition Material, containing plurality of impurities, such as using cinder production Ceramic Tiles, there are some insoluble technical problems, so as to cause in reality It is dfficult to apply to Ceramic Tiles in production, is primarily present following urgent problem to be solved: (1) cinder recycling being used into tile green body In formula, since cinder contains a large amount of black impurity (iron content is high), impurity composition is more and complicated, and firing temperature is low, Yi Fasheng Reaction expansion, easily influence product quality, are mainly manifested in green body and stain occur, fusion hole, so as to cause glaze pin hole, fusion hole, The ceramics defect such as spot, bulge;(2) generation of cinder is more mixed and disorderly, keeps cinder performance unstable;(3) cinder is easy in mud Precipitating, suspension is poor, therefore need to solve the performance of cinder mud, makes it to be sufficiently mixed uniformly with ceramic mud.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to aiming at the shortcomings in the prior art, and provide a kind of side that potsherd is prepared using cinder Method, this method introduce cinder as blank raw material, improve the performance of cinder mud, solve due to introducing cinder and cause There is the problem of ceramics defect such as pin hole, fusion hole, spot, bulge in glaze, so that the properties of green body is not affected, guarantees life The stability of production.
The purpose of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of method preparing potsherd using cinder is provided, comprising the following steps:
Step a, the preparation of cinder mud
A1) the cinder batching that will be chosen;
A2) by mass percentage, the white clay of the cinder of 65-75% and 25-35% is put into ceramic ball mill processing, And add the hydroxyl first of the waterglass of 0.4-0.8% of cinder mud gross mass, the sodium tripolyphosphate of 0.1-0.2%, 0.1-0.3% Base sodium cellulosate and a certain proportion of moisture content are mixed together after ball milling and obtain that 325 mesh screen residue of fineness is 0.8-1.2%, specific gravity is 1.65-1.75, the cinder mud that biodiversity content is 33-35%, viscosity is 50-80s;
A3 it after the cinder mud sieving for) processing ball milling, is put into pulp storage tank and carries out batching, being uniformly mixed ensures its stabilization Property, it is spare;
Step b, the preparation of base mud
By mass percentage, by the aloxite of 30-40%, the wollastonite of 15-20%, 10-20% potassium sand and 25-30% Plastic material composition basestock put into ball mill, and add account for base mud gross mass 0.8-1.2% water glass Glass, 0.1-0.3% sodium tripolyphosphate, 0.2-0.5% reinforcing agent and a certain proportion of moisture content, be mixed together pulverize to obtain it is thin Spend the basic mud that 325 mesh screen residues are 5-6%, specific gravity 1.68-1.75, biodiversity content are 32-35%, viscosity is 50-80s Slurry;
Step c, the preparation of standard tile mud
The cinder mud of the step a 5-10% prepared is added in the base mud of the 90-95% of step b preparation and is mixed Uniformly, be sieved and except iron after obtain standard tile mud, it is dry to be then pumped into spray tower, and powder is made;
Step d, green body compression moulding
The powder is configured to ceramic body using high pressure 12000-14000KN;
Step e, body drying
Ceramic body is dried into 50-60min at 100-120 DEG C of temperature;
Step f, green body biscuiting
By the ceramic body after drying in 1120-1150 DEG C of temperature progress biscuiting, time 25-30min;
Step g, green body glazing
Apply ground coat enamel and overglaze in ceramic body surface after biscuiting;
Step h, product is burnt into
Ceramic body after glazing is burnt into, firing temperature is 1060-1100 DEG C, and time 35-40min is to get arriving The potsherd.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, in step a2, the white clay is Al2O3Mass content is the white clay of 23-26%.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, in step a3, the sieve of sieving is 80-85 mesh.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, in step b, by mass percentage, the primary chemical composition in the basestock are as follows:
Contain K in the aloxite2O < 2%, Na2O < 1%, Al2O3For 18-23%;
Contain CaO > 34%, Na in the wollastonite2O < 1%;
Contain K in the potassium sand2O < 4%, Al2O3For 15-17%;
The plastic material is Al2O3Content is the white clay or black mud of 23-26%.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, in step c, the sieve of sieving is 70-80 mesh.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, in step g, by mass percentage, the main chemical of the ground coat enamel includes 50- 55% SiO2, 16-20% Al2O3, 0.15-0.2% Fe2O3, 10-15%CaO, 3-5% MgO, 1-2% K2O and The Na of 1-3%2O;
The performance parameter of the ground coat enamel are as follows: 325 mesh screen residue of fineness is 0.6-0.8%, viscosity 24-28s, and specific gravity is 1.84-1.86 glaze volume 350-380g/m3
In above-mentioned technical proposal, in step g, by mass percentage, the main chemical of the overglaze includes 50- 55% SiO2, 16-20% Al2O3, 0.1-0.15% Fe2O3, 8-12%CaO, 1-2% MgO, 4-6% K2O and 2- 3% Na2O;
The performance parameter of the overglaze are as follows: 325 mesh screen residue of fineness is 0.7-0.9%, viscosity 24-28s, and specific gravity is 1.87-1.89 glaze volume 360-390g/m3
This it is bright the utility model has the advantages that
A kind of method preparing potsherd using cinder of the invention, the preparation including step a, cinder mud;Step b, The preparation of base mud;Step c, the cinder mud of 5-10% is added in the base mud of 90-95% and is uniformly mixed, marked Quasi- tile mud is burnt into work using spray drying, green body compression moulding, body drying, green body biscuiting, green body glazing, product After sequence to get arrive potsherd finished product;In the preparation process, most essential steps are the formula and mud of cinder mud and base mud Starch the adjustment of performance, wherein cinder mud is that the white clay of the cinder of 65-75% and 25-35% is put into 25 tons of ceramic ball millings Machining, and add the waterglass of 0.4-0.8%, the sodium tripolyphosphate of 0.1-0.2%, 0.1- of cinder mud gross mass 0.3% sodium cellulose glycolate and a certain proportion of moisture content obtain 325 mesh screen residue of fineness after being mixed together ball milling as 0.8- 1.2%, specific gravity 1.65-1.75, the cinder mud that biodiversity content is 33-35%, viscosity is 50-80s, to change significantly The performance of cinder mud has been apt to it, raising surface area levigate by cinder further decreases temperature, promote reaction in advance, can be effective Solve the problems, such as that stain occurs in product;And coal slag granules are thinner, and its space can be filled in green body fusant after fusing, reduces fusion hole Appearance, thus well solved cinder and easily precipitated, to product glaze generate spot, fusion hole, pin hole, bulge etc. ceramics defect Influence;On the other hand, the formula and performance for having adjusted base mud, by the aloxite of 30-40%, 15-20% wollastonite, The basestock of the plastic material of the potassium sand of 10-20% and 25-30% composition puts into ball mill, and adds that account for base mud total The waterglass of the 0.8-1.2% of quality, 0.1-0.3% sodium tripolyphosphate, 0.2-0.5% reinforcing agent and a certain proportion of water Part, it is mixed together and pulverizes to obtain that 325 mesh screen residue of fineness is 5-6%, specific gravity 1.68-1.75, biodiversity content are 32- 35%, viscosity is the base mud of 50-80s, then in proportion mixes the cinder mud of 5-10% with 90-95% base mud It closes, after cinder mud and base mud adjusting performance, the two can be better mixed uniformly, then pass through control subsequent handling Each process conditions, on the one hand the potsherd that finally prepares greatly reduces since raw material uses low-cost cinder Production cost, reduces the wasting of resources of cinder, on the other hand improves the performance of cinder mud, solves due to introducing cinder And glaze is caused to occur the problem of ceramics defect such as pin hole, fusion hole, spot, bulge, the properties of green body being made not to be affected, Guarantee the stability of production.
Specific embodiment
The invention will be further described with the following Examples.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of method preparing potsherd using cinder of the present embodiment, comprising the following steps:
Step a, the preparation of cinder mud
A1) the cinder batching that will be chosen;
A2) by mass percentage, the white clay of 75% cinder and 25% is put into 25 tons of ceramic ball mill processing, and Add 0.4% waterglass, 0.1% sodium tripolyphosphate, 0.1% sodium cellulose glycolate and one of cinder mud gross mass The moisture content of certainty ratio is mixed together after ball milling and obtains that 325 mesh screen residue of fineness is 0.8%, specific gravity 1.65, biodiversity content are 33%, viscosity is the cinder mud of 80s;In the step, white clay Al2O3The white clay that mass content is 23%;
A3 the cinder mud that ball milling processes) is crossed into 80 meshes, the pulp storage tank for being put into reserves 100t carries out batching, and mixing is equal It is even to ensure its stability, it is spare.
Step b, the preparation of base mud
By mass percentage, by 40% aloxite, 20% wollastonite, 10% potassium sand and 30% plastic material The basestock of composition puts into ball mill, and adds 0.8% waterglass, 0.1% tripolyphosphate for accounting for base mud gross mass Sodium, 0.2% reinforcing agent and a certain proportion of moisture content, be mixed together and pulverize to obtain that 325 mesh screen residue of fineness is 5%, specific gravity is 1.68, the base mud that biodiversity content is 32%, viscosity is 80s;
Wherein, by mass percentage, aloxite mainly contains K2O < 2%, Na2O < 1%, Al2O3It is 18%;Wollastonite Mainly contain CaO > 34%, Na2O < 1%;Potassium sand mainly contains K2O < 4%, Al2O3It is 15%;Plastic raw material is Al2O3Contain The white clay that amount is 23%.
Step c, the preparation of standard tile mud
5% cinder mud prepared by step a is added in 95% base mud of step b preparation and is uniformly mixed, After the sieve of 80 mesh and except iron, standard tile mud is obtained, spray tower drying is then pumped into, powder is made.
Step d, green body compression moulding
Powder is configured to ceramic body using high pressure 12000KN.
Step e, body drying
Ceramic body is dried into 60min at 100 DEG C of temperature.
Step f, green body biscuiting
By the ceramic body after drying in 1120 DEG C of progress biscuitings of temperature, time 30min.
Step g, green body glazing
Apply ground coat enamel and overglaze in ceramic body surface after biscuiting;Wherein:
The main chemical of ground coat enamel includes 50% SiO2, 16% Al2O3, 0.15% Fe2O3, 10%CaO, 3% MgO, 1% K2The Na of O and 1%2O;The performance parameter of ground coat enamel are as follows: 325 mesh screen residue of fineness is 0.6%, viscosity 28s, specific gravity It is 1.84, glaze volume 350g/m3
The main chemical of overglaze includes 50% SiO2, 16% Al2O3, 0.1% Fe2O3, 8%CaO, 1% MgO, 4% K2The Na of O and 2%2O;The performance parameter of overglaze are as follows: 325 mesh screen residue of fineness is 0.7%, viscosity 28s, and specific gravity is 1.87 glaze volume 360g/m3
Step h, product is burnt into
Ceramic body after glazing is burnt into, firing temperature be 1060 DEG C, time 40min to get arrive potsherd.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of method preparing potsherd using cinder of the present embodiment, comprising the following steps:
Step a, the preparation of cinder mud
A1) the cinder batching that will be chosen;
A2) by mass percentage, the white clay of 65% cinder and 35% is put into 25 tons of ceramic ball mill processing, and Add 0.8% waterglass, 0.2% sodium tripolyphosphate, 0.3% sodium cellulose glycolate and one of cinder mud gross mass The moisture content of certainty ratio is mixed together after ball milling and obtains that 325 mesh screen residue of fineness is 1.2%, specific gravity 1.75, biodiversity content are 35%, viscosity is the cinder mud of 50s;In the step, white clay Al2O3The white clay that mass content is 26%;
A3 the cinder mud that ball milling processes) is crossed into 82 meshes, the pulp storage tank for being put into reserves 200t carries out batching, and mixing is equal It is even to ensure its stability, it is spare.
Step b, the preparation of base mud
By mass percentage, by 38% aloxite, 18% wollastonite, 16% potassium sand and 28% plastic material The basestock of composition puts into ball mill, and adds 1.2% waterglass, 0.3% tripolyphosphate for accounting for base mud gross mass Sodium, 0.5% reinforcing agent and a certain proportion of moisture content, be mixed together and pulverize to obtain that 325 mesh screen residue of fineness is 6%, specific gravity is 1.75, the base mud that biodiversity content is 35%, viscosity is 50s;
Wherein, by mass percentage, aloxite mainly contains K2O < 2%, Na2O < 1%, Al2O3It is 23%;Wollastonite Mainly contain CaO > 34%, Na2O < 1%;Potassium sand mainly contains K2O < 4%, Al2O3It is 17%;Plastic raw material is Al2O3Contain The black mud that amount is 26%.
Step c, the preparation of standard tile mud
10% cinder mud prepared by step a is added in 90% base mud of step b preparation and is uniformly mixed, After the sieve of 70 mesh and except iron, standard tile mud is obtained, spray tower drying is then pumped into, powder is made.
Step d, green body compression moulding
Powder is configured to ceramic body using high pressure 14000KN.
Step e, body drying
Ceramic body is dried into 50min at 120 DEG C of temperature.
Step f, green body biscuiting
By the ceramic body after drying in 1150 DEG C of progress biscuitings of temperature, time 25min.
Step g, green body glazing
Apply ground coat enamel and overglaze in ceramic body surface after biscuiting;Wherein:
The main chemical of ground coat enamel includes 55% SiO2, 20% Al2O3, 0.2% Fe2O3, 15%CaO, 5% MgO, 2% K2The Na of O and 3%2O;The performance parameter of ground coat enamel are as follows: 325 mesh screen residue of fineness is 0.8%, viscosity 24s, and specific gravity is 1.86, glaze volume 380g/m3
The main chemical of overglaze includes 55% SiO2, 20% Al2O3, 0.15% Fe2O3, 12%CaO, 2% MgO, 6% K2The Na of O and 3%2O;The performance parameter of overglaze are as follows: 325 mesh screen residue of fineness is 0.9%, viscosity 24s, specific gravity It is 1.89, glaze volume 390g/m3
Step h, product is burnt into
Ceramic body after glazing is burnt into, firing temperature be 1100 DEG C, time 35min to get arrive potsherd.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of method preparing potsherd using cinder of the present embodiment, comprising the following steps:
Step a, the preparation of cinder mud
A1) the cinder batching that will be chosen;
A2) by mass percentage, the white clay of 70% cinder and 30% is put into 25 tons of ceramic ball mill processing, and Add 0.6% waterglass, 0.2% sodium tripolyphosphate, 0.2% sodium cellulose glycolate and one of cinder mud gross mass The moisture content of certainty ratio is mixed together after ball milling and obtains that 325 mesh screen residue of fineness is 1.0%, specific gravity 1.71, biodiversity content are 34%, viscosity is the cinder mud of 65s;In the step, white clay Al2O3The white clay that mass content is 25%;
A3 the cinder mud that ball milling processes) is crossed into 85 meshes, the pulp storage tank for being put into reserves 150t carries out batching, and mixing is equal It is even to ensure its stability, it is spare.
Step b, the preparation of base mud
By mass percentage, by 40% aloxite, 15% wollastonite, 20% potassium sand and 25% plastic material The basestock of composition puts into ball mill, and adds 1.0% waterglass, 0.2% tripolyphosphate for accounting for base mud gross mass Sodium, 0.4% reinforcing agent and a certain proportion of moisture content, be mixed together pulverize to obtain 325 mesh screen residue of fineness be 5.5%, specific gravity For the 1.73, base mud that biodiversity content is 33%, viscosity is 70s;
Wherein, by mass percentage, aloxite mainly contains K2O < 2%, Na2O < 1%, Al2O3It is 20%;Wollastonite Mainly contain CaO > 34%, Na2O < 1%;Potassium sand mainly contains K2O < 4%, Al2O3It is 16%;Plastic raw material is Al2O3Contain The white clay that amount is 24%.
Step c, the preparation of standard tile mud
7% cinder mud prepared by step a is added in 93% base mud of step b preparation and is uniformly mixed, After the sieve of 78 mesh and except iron, standard tile mud is obtained, spray tower drying is then pumped into, powder is made.
Step d, green body compression moulding
Powder is configured to ceramic body using high pressure 13000KN.
Step e, body drying
Ceramic body is dried into 53min at 110 DEG C of temperature.
Step f, green body biscuiting
By the ceramic body after drying in 1130 DEG C of progress biscuitings of temperature, time 27min.
Step g, green body glazing
Apply ground coat enamel and overglaze in ceramic body surface after biscuiting;Wherein:
The main chemical of ground coat enamel includes 52% SiO2, 18% Al2O3, 0.17% Fe2O3, 12%CaO, 4% MgO, 1.5% K2The Na of O and 2%2O;The performance parameter of ground coat enamel are as follows: 325 mesh screen residue of fineness be 0.7%, viscosity 25s, than Weight is 1.85, glaze volume 360g/m3
The main chemical of overglaze includes 52% SiO2, 17% Al2O3, 0.12% Fe2O3, 10%CaO, 1.4% MgO, 5% K2The Na of O and 2.3%2O;The performance parameter of overglaze are as follows: 325 mesh screen residue of fineness is 0.76%, and viscosity is 26s, specific gravity 1.88, glaze volume 370g/m3
Step h, product is burnt into
Ceramic body after glazing is burnt into, firing temperature be 1080 DEG C, time 38min to get arrive potsherd.
Embodiment 4:
A kind of method preparing potsherd using cinder of the present embodiment, comprising the following steps:
Step a, the preparation of cinder mud
A1) the cinder batching that will be chosen;
A2) by mass percentage, the white clay of 72% cinder and 28% is put into 25 tons of ceramic ball mill processing, and Add 0.5% waterglass, 0.1% sodium tripolyphosphate, 0.3% sodium cellulose glycolate and one of cinder mud gross mass The moisture content of certainty ratio is mixed together after ball milling and obtains that 325 mesh screen residue of fineness is 1.1%, specific gravity 1.73, biodiversity content are 35%, viscosity is the cinder mud of 70s;In the step, white clay Al2O3The white clay that mass content is 24%;
A3 the cinder mud that ball milling processes) is crossed into 80 meshes, the pulp storage tank for being put into reserves 180t carries out batching, and mixing is equal It is even to ensure its stability, it is spare.
Step b, the preparation of base mud
By mass percentage, by 30% aloxite, 20% wollastonite, 20% potassium sand and 30% plastic material The basestock of composition puts into ball mill, and adds 0.9% waterglass, 0.3% tripolyphosphate for accounting for base mud gross mass Sodium, 0.4% reinforcing agent and a certain proportion of moisture content, be mixed together pulverize to obtain 325 mesh screen residue of fineness be 5.8%, specific gravity For the 1.72, base mud that biodiversity content is 33%, viscosity is 70s;
Wherein, by mass percentage, aloxite mainly contains K2O < 2%, Na2O < 1%, Al2O3It is 21%;Wollastonite Mainly contain CaO > 34%, Na2O < 1%;Potassium sand mainly contains K2O < 4%, Al2O3It is 15%;Plastic raw material is Al2O3Contain The black mud that amount is 25%.
Step c, the preparation of standard tile mud
8% cinder mud prepared by step a is added in 92% base mud of step b preparation and is uniformly mixed, After the sieve of 75 mesh and except iron, standard tile mud is obtained, spray tower drying is then pumped into, powder is made.
Step d, green body compression moulding
Powder is configured to ceramic body using high pressure 13600KN.
Step e, body drying
Ceramic body is dried into 53min at 1150 DEG C of temperature.
Step f, green body biscuiting
By the ceramic body after drying in 1140 DEG C of progress biscuitings of temperature, time 27min.
Step g, green body glazing
Apply ground coat enamel and overglaze in ceramic body surface after biscuiting;Wherein:
The main chemical of ground coat enamel includes 54% SiO2, 19% Al2O3, 0.18% Fe2O3, 14%CaO, 4.5% MgO, 1.8% K2The Na of O and 2.5%2O;The performance parameter of ground coat enamel are as follows: 325 mesh screen residue of fineness is 0.75%, viscosity For 27s, specific gravity 1.85, glaze volume 370g/m3
The main chemical of overglaze includes 54% SiO2, 19% Al2O3, 0.14% Fe2O3, 11%CaO, 1.8% MgO, 5.5% K2The Na of O and 2.7%2O;The performance parameter of overglaze are as follows: 325 mesh screen residue of fineness is 0.85%, viscosity For 27s, specific gravity 1.89, glaze volume 380g/m3
Step h, product is burnt into
Ceramic body after glazing is burnt into, firing temperature be 1075 DEG C, time 38min to get arrive potsherd.
The present embodiment is merely illustrative of the technical solution of the present invention, rather than limiting the scope of the invention, although ginseng The present invention is explained in detail according to preferred embodiment, those skilled in the art should understand that, it can be to the present invention Technical solution be modified or replaced equivalently, without departing from the spirit and scope of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of method for preparing potsherd using cinder, it is characterised in that: the following steps are included:
Step a, the preparation of cinder mud
A1) the cinder batching that will be chosen;
A2) by mass percentage, the white clay of the cinder of 65-75% and 25-35% is put into ceramic ball mill processing, and added The waterglass of 0.4-0.8%, the sodium tripolyphosphate of 0.1-0.2%, the methylol of 0.1-0.3% of coal slag mud gross mass are fine Tie up plain sodium and a certain proportion of moisture content, be mixed together after ball milling obtain 325 mesh screen residue of fineness be 0.8-1.2%, specific gravity 1.65- 1.75, the cinder mud that biodiversity content is 33-35%, viscosity is 50-80s;
A3 it after the cinder mud sieving for) processing ball milling, is put into pulp storage tank and carries out batching, being uniformly mixed ensures its stability, It is spare;
Step b, the preparation of base mud
By mass percentage, by the aloxite of 30-40%, the wollastonite of 15-20%, the potassium sand of 10-20% and 25-30% can Plastic raw material composition basestock put into ball mill, and add account for base mud gross mass 0.8-1.2% waterglass, The reinforcing agent and a certain proportion of moisture content of 0.1-0.3% sodium tripolyphosphate, 0.2-0.5%, are mixed together and pulverize to obtain fineness The basic mud that 325 mesh screen residues are 5-6%, specific gravity 1.68-1.75, biodiversity content are 32-35%, viscosity is 50-80s Slurry;
Step c, the preparation of standard tile mud
It is equal that the cinder mud of the step a 5-10% prepared is added to mixing in the base mud of the 90-95% of step b preparation It is even, be sieved and except iron after obtain standard tile mud, it is dry to be then pumped into spray tower, and powder is made;
Step d, green body compression moulding
The powder is configured to ceramic body using high pressure 12000-14000KN;
Step e, body drying
Ceramic body is dried into 50-60min at 100-120 DEG C of temperature;
Step f, green body biscuiting
By the ceramic body after drying in 1120-1150 DEG C of temperature progress biscuiting, time 25-30min;
Step g, green body glazing
Apply ground coat enamel and overglaze in ceramic body surface after biscuiting;
Step h, product is burnt into
Ceramic body after glazing is burnt into, firing temperature is 1060-1100 DEG C, and time 35-40min is to get described in Potsherd.
2. a kind of method for preparing potsherd using cinder according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: in step a2, institute Stating white clay is Al2O3Mass content is the white clay of 23-26%.
3. a kind of method for preparing potsherd using cinder according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: in step a3, mistake The sieve of sieve is 80-85 mesh.
4. a kind of method for preparing potsherd using cinder according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: in step b, by matter Percentages are measured, the primary chemical composition in the basestock are as follows:
Contain K in the aloxite2O < 2%, Na2O < 1%, Al2O3For 18-23%;
Contain CaO > 34%, Na in the wollastonite2O < 1%;
Contain K in the potassium sand2O < 4%, Al2O3For 15-17%;
The plastic material is Al2O3Content is the white clay or black mud of 23-26%.
5. a kind of method for preparing potsherd using cinder according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: in step c, sieving Sieve be 70-80 mesh.
6. a kind of method for preparing potsherd using cinder according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: in step g, by matter Percentages are measured, the main chemical of the ground coat enamel includes the SiO of 50-55%2, 16-20% Al2O3, 0.15-0.2% Fe2O3, 10-15%CaO, 3-5% MgO, 1-2% K2The Na of O and 1-3%2O;
The performance parameter of the ground coat enamel are as follows: 325 mesh screen residue of fineness is 0.6-0.8%, viscosity 24-28s, specific gravity 1.84- 1.86, glaze volume 350-380g/m3
7. a kind of method for preparing potsherd using cinder according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: in step g, by matter Percentages are measured, the main chemical of the overglaze includes the SiO of 50-55%2, 16-20% Al2O3, 0.1-0.15% Fe2O3, 8-12%CaO, 1-2% MgO, 4-6% K2The Na of O and 2-3%2O;
The performance parameter of the overglaze are as follows: 325 mesh screen residue of fineness is 0.7-0.9%, viscosity 24-28s, specific gravity 1.87- 1.89, glaze volume 360-390g/m3
CN201910599990.8A 2019-07-04 2019-07-04 A method of potsherd is prepared using cinder Pending CN110357585A (en)

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