CN107866379B - Crops product storage processingequipment - Google Patents

Crops product storage processingequipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107866379B
CN107866379B CN201710968641.XA CN201710968641A CN107866379B CN 107866379 B CN107866379 B CN 107866379B CN 201710968641 A CN201710968641 A CN 201710968641A CN 107866379 B CN107866379 B CN 107866379B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
guide plate
screen
rack
processing device
Prior art date
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Active
Application number
CN201710968641.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107866379A (en
Inventor
陈玉海
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Anhui Rongguo Environmental Intelligent Technology Co.,Ltd.
Original Assignee
Anhui Rongguo Environmental Intelligent Technology Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Anhui Rongguo Environmental Intelligent Technology Co ltd filed Critical Anhui Rongguo Environmental Intelligent Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN201710968641.XA priority Critical patent/CN107866379B/en
Publication of CN107866379A publication Critical patent/CN107866379A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN107866379B publication Critical patent/CN107866379B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B9/00Combinations of apparatus for screening or sifting or for separating solids from solids using gas currents; General arrangement of plant, e.g. flow sheets
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23BPRESERVING, e.g. BY CANNING, MEAT, FISH, EGGS, FRUIT, VEGETABLES, EDIBLE SEEDS; CHEMICAL RIPENING OF FRUIT OR VEGETABLES; THE PRESERVED, RIPENED, OR CANNED PRODUCTS
    • A23B9/00Preservation of edible seeds, e.g. cereals
    • A23B9/08Drying; Subsequent reconstitution
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • B07B1/4609Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens constructional details of screening surfaces or meshes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B13/00Grading or sorting solid materials by dry methods, not otherwise provided for; Sorting articles otherwise than by indirectly controlled devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B4/00Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents
    • B07B4/02Separating solids from solids by subjecting their mixture to gas currents while the mixtures fall
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B2201/00Details applicable to machines for screening using sieves or gratings
    • B07B2201/04Multiple deck screening devices comprising one or more superimposed screens

Abstract

The invention discloses a crop product storage and processing device, which comprises a conveying device and a processing device, wherein the conveying device is positioned at one side of the processing device, the processing device comprises a rack and a material barrel, the material barrel is arranged at the top end of the rack and is fixedly connected with the rack through a reinforcing plate, a first material guide plate is arranged on the rack right below the material barrel, an upper screen is arranged right below the first material guide plate, a gripper is arranged right above the right end part of the upper screen, the gripper is fixed on a transverse plate, a second material guide plate is arranged right below the upper screen, a rotary heater is arranged right below the second material guide plate, a third material guide plate is arranged right below the rotary heater, the third material guide plate is fixed on a vertical baffle plate on the rack, a lower screen is arranged left below the third material guide plate, a fourth material guide plate is arranged left below the lower screen, the device has simple integral structure, is suitable for large-scale treatment and has good popularization and use values.

Description

Crops product storage processingequipment
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of agricultural product processing equipment, and particularly relates to a crop product storage and processing device.
Background
The crop refers to various plants cultivated in agriculture, and is one kind of organism. Including grain crops and economic crops (oil crops, vegetable crops, flowers, grasses and trees). Edible crops are one of the sources of basic food for humans. "people take food as day", which expresses the relationship between people and food and reflects that people can not leave crops. Common grain crops such as wheat, soybean, corn and the like need to be stored after being matured and harvested, and the crops need to be sorted, decontaminated, dried and the like before being stored. At present, people separate the operations, so that the complexity of the treatment process is improved, the processing cost is also improved, and the method for dispersedly treating the agricultural crops cannot be applied when the amount of the agricultural crops to be treated is large.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a crop product storage and processing device aiming at the existing problems.
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
a crop product storage and processing device comprises a conveying device and a processing device, wherein the conveying device is positioned on one side of the processing device, the processing device comprises a rack and a material barrel, the material barrel is arranged at the top end of the rack and is fixedly connected with the rack through a reinforcing plate, a first material guide plate is arranged on the rack right below the material barrel, an upper screen is arranged on the right lower side of the first material guide plate, a gripper is arranged right above the right end part of the upper screen, the gripper is fixed on a transverse plate, the transverse plate is fixedly connected with a cylinder rod of a cylinder arranged on the rack through a transverse plate fixing plate, a second material guide plate is arranged right below the upper screen, a rotary heater is arranged right below the second material guide plate, a third material guide plate is arranged right below the rotary heater, the third material guide plate is fixed on a vertical baffle plate on the rack, and a lower screen is arranged on the left lower side of the third, the left lower side of the lower screen is provided with a fourth material guide plate, the frame on the right side of the air cylinder is provided with an upper sewage discharge port, and the outer wall on the right side of the frame is provided with a sewage removal device.
Furthermore, the top end of a conveying belt on the conveying device is erected right above the material barrel.
Further, the upper screen is fixed on the frame through an upper screen fixing frame, an upper screen vibrator is further arranged at the center of the lower surface of the upper screen, the lower screen is fixed on the frame through a lower screen fixing frame, a lower screen vibrator is further arranged at the center of the lower surface of the lower screen, an upper blanking port is formed in the frame under the upper screen, and a lower blanking port is formed in the frame under the lower screen.
Furthermore, the tongs comprise a plurality of L-shaped steel bars arranged side by side.
Furthermore, the rotary heater is a spiral cylinder, the upper end part of the rotary heater is an upper feeding port, the lower end part of the rotary heater is a lower discharging port, the rotary heater is composed of an inner wall and an outer wall, a material passing pipeline is enclosed inside the inner wall, a heating cavity is enclosed between the inner wall and the outer wall, and heating resistance wires are arranged in the heating cavity.
Further, be equipped with the air-blower in the frame of heater left side below of circling round, be the debris room in the frame on vertical baffle right side, the upper left corner of debris room is the debris entry, has seted up drain down in the frame on debris room top, drain down is linked to each other with pollution cleaning device through last sewage pipes, drain down links to each other with pollution cleaning device through lower sewage pipes, be fixed with the debris bag on the opening of debris room right-hand member.
Furthermore, a finished product outlet is formed by the fourth material guide plate and the frame, and a finished product bag is fixed on the finished product outlet.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages:
the device has a simple integral structure, integrally performs the process operation required by the storage and processing of crop products, simplifies the treatment process, liberates labor force, has high impurity removal efficiency and good effect, is suitable for large-scale treatment, and has good popularization and use values.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of the cyclotron heater of the invention.
Fig. 3 is a partially enlarged schematic view of a portion a in fig. 2.
Detailed Description
For a further description of the invention, reference is made to the accompanying drawings.
A crop product storage and processing device comprises a conveying device 1 and a processing device, wherein the conveying device 1 is positioned on one side of the processing device, the processing device comprises a rack 2 and a material barrel 3, the material barrel 3 is arranged at the top end of the rack 2 and is fixedly connected with the rack 2 through a reinforcing plate 4, a first material guide plate 5 is arranged on the rack 2 right below the material barrel 3, an upper screen 6 is arranged at the right lower part of the first material guide plate 5, a gripper 7 is arranged right above the right end part of the upper screen 6, the gripper 7 is fixed on a transverse plate 8, the transverse plate 8 is fixedly connected with a cylinder rod 11 of a cylinder 10 arranged on the rack 2 through a transverse plate fixing plate 9, a second material guide plate 12 is arranged right below the upper screen 6, a rotary heater 14 is arranged right below the second material guide plate 12, a third material guide plate 16 is arranged right below the rotary heater 14, and the third material guide plate 16 is fixed on a vertical baffle 17 on the rack 2, a lower screen mesh 26 is arranged at the left lower part of the third material guide plate 16, a fourth material guide plate 29 is arranged at the left lower part of the lower screen mesh 26, an upper sewage discharge port 21 is formed in the frame 2 at the right side of the air cylinder 10, and a sewage removal device 23 is further arranged on the outer wall at the right side of the frame 2.
Further, the top end of the conveyer belt 101 on the conveyer 1 is erected right above the material barrel 3.
Further, the upper screen 6 is fixed on the frame 2 through an upper screen fixing frame 62, an upper screen vibrator 61 is further arranged at the center of the lower surface of the upper screen 6, the lower screen 26 is fixed on the frame 2 through a lower screen fixing frame 27, a lower screen vibrator 28 is further arranged at the center of the lower surface of the lower screen 26, an upper blanking port 13 is formed in the frame 2 under the upper screen 6, and a blanking port 30 is formed in the frame 2 under the lower screen 26.
Further, the hand grip 7 is composed of a plurality of L-shaped steel bars arranged side by side.
Further, the rotary heater 14 is a spiral cylinder, the upper end portion of the rotary heater is an upper feeding port 141, the lower end portion of the rotary heater is a lower discharging port 142, the rotary heater 14 is composed of an inner wall 143 and an outer wall 144, a material passing pipe 147 is enclosed inside the inner wall 143, a heating cavity 145 is enclosed between the inner wall 143 and the outer wall 144, and a heating resistance wire 146 is arranged in the heating cavity 145.
Further, an air blower 15 is arranged on a rack 2 at the lower left of the rotary heater 14, a sundries chamber 19 is arranged in the rack 2 at the right side of the vertical baffle 17, a sundries inlet 18 is arranged at the upper left corner of the sundries chamber 19, a lower drain outlet 24 is arranged on the rack 2 at the top end of the sundries chamber 19, the upper drain outlet 21 is connected with a dirt removing device 23 through an upper drain pipeline 22, the lower drain outlet 24 is connected with the dirt removing device 23 through a lower drain pipeline 25, and a sundries bag 20 is fixed on an opening at the right end of the sundries chamber 19.
Further, the fourth material guiding plate 29 and the frame 2 form a finished product outlet 31, and a finished product bag 32 is fixed on the finished product outlet 31.
The working principle of the invention is as follows: putting crop products to be processed into the conveying device 1, then falling into the material barrel 3 under the conveying of the conveying belt 101, then falling onto the upper screen 6 through the first material guide plate 5, at the moment, the upper screen vibrator 61 of the upper screen 6 works, because the upper screen 6 is obliquely arranged, the crop products move along the lower right side of the upper screen 6 under continuous vibration, when the crop products pass through the gripper 7, large sundries such as straws, blades and fruit pods in the crop products are intercepted, when a certain amount is reached, the cylinder 10 is started, the gripper 7 which is driven by the cylinder rod 11 and is stored with the large sundries is lifted up, the crop products are taken out of the frame, further one-time separation with the crop products is realized, then the crop products which are separated once are rotated fall into the material passing pipe 147 of the heater 14 from the upper material inlet 141 through the second material guide plate 12, at the moment, the heating resistance wire 146 in the heating cavity 145 works, the crop products in the material passing pipe 147 are heated and dried, the heated crop products fall out through the lower discharge port 142, at the moment, the air blower 15 works, under the action of wind power, meanwhile, according to the difference of particle weight, lighter impurities doped in the crop products are blown into the impurity chamber 19 and finally collected in the impurity bag 20 to complete secondary separation treatment, the crop products are firstly separated for the first time, larger impurities which are easy to separate can be separated out, the drying cost is reduced, but part of the light impurities are attached to the crop products due to moisture and the like and cannot be separated for the first time, at the moment, after the drying treatment, the crop products are screened by air blowing through the air blower 15, the impurity removal effect is further improved, then the crop products after the secondary separation treatment fall onto the lower screen 26 through the third material guide plate 16, at the moment, the lower screen vibrator 28 of the lower screen 26 works, because the lower screen 26 is obliquely arranged, crop products move along the lower left side of the lower screen 26 under continuous vibration to finish three times of separation treatment, finally flow out from a finished product outlet 31 through the fourth material guide plate 29 and are collected in a finished product bag 32, and the processing treatment is finished. Adopt upper screen 6 and lower screen cloth 26 twice to divide the sieve to handle, fine in with the crops product small particle impurity separation, the effectual cleanliness factor that promotes the crops product.

Claims (4)

1. A crop product storage and processing device is characterized by comprising a conveying device and a processing device, wherein the conveying device is positioned on one side of the processing device, the processing device comprises a frame and a material barrel, the material barrel is arranged at the top end of the frame and is fixedly connected with the frame through a reinforcing plate, a first guide plate is arranged on the frame under the material barrel, an upper screen is arranged below the right side of the first guide plate, a gripper is arranged above the right end of the upper screen, the gripper is fixed on a transverse plate, the transverse plate is fixedly connected with a cylinder rod of a cylinder arranged on the frame through a transverse plate fixing plate, a second guide plate is arranged below the right side of the upper screen, a rotary heater is arranged below the right side of the second guide plate, a third guide plate is arranged below the rotary heater and is fixed on a vertical baffle plate on the frame, and a lower screen is arranged below the left side of the third guide plate, a fourth material guide plate is arranged at the left lower part of the lower screen, an upper sewage discharge port is formed in the rack on the right side of the air cylinder, and a sewage removal device is further arranged on the outer wall on the right side of the rack;
the hand grip is composed of a plurality of L-shaped steel bars which are arranged side by side;
the rotary heater is a spiral cylinder, the upper end part of the rotary heater is an upper feeding port, the lower end part of the rotary heater is a lower discharging port, the rotary heater is composed of an inner wall and an outer wall, a material passing pipeline is enclosed inside the inner wall, a heating cavity is enclosed between the inner wall and the outer wall, and heating resistance wires are arranged in the heating cavity;
the rotary type trash remover is characterized in that an air blower is arranged on the rack below the left side of the rotary heater, a trash chamber is arranged in the rack on the right side of the vertical baffle, a trash inlet is formed in the upper left corner of the trash chamber, a lower drain outlet is formed in the rack at the top end of the trash chamber, the upper drain outlet is connected with a trash removing device through an upper drain pipeline, the lower drain outlet is connected with the trash removing device through a lower drain pipeline, and a trash bag is fixed on an opening at the right end of the trash chamber.
2. The storage and processing device for crop products as claimed in claim 1, wherein the top end of the conveyor belt of the conveyor means is mounted directly above the material barrel.
3. The crop product storage and processing device according to claim 1, wherein the upper screen is fixed on the frame by an upper screen fixing frame, an upper screen vibrator is further arranged at the center of the lower surface of the upper screen, the lower screen is fixed on the frame by a lower screen fixing frame, a lower screen vibrator is further arranged at the center of the lower surface of the lower screen, an upper blanking port is formed in the frame right below the upper screen, and a lower blanking port is formed in the frame right below the lower screen.
4. The storage and processing device for crop products as claimed in claim 1, wherein the fourth material guiding plate and the frame form a finished product outlet, and a finished product bag is fixed on the finished product outlet.
CN201710968641.XA 2017-10-18 2017-10-18 Crops product storage processingequipment Active CN107866379B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710968641.XA CN107866379B (en) 2017-10-18 2017-10-18 Crops product storage processingequipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710968641.XA CN107866379B (en) 2017-10-18 2017-10-18 Crops product storage processingequipment

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107866379A CN107866379A (en) 2018-04-03
CN107866379B true CN107866379B (en) 2020-10-30

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710968641.XA Active CN107866379B (en) 2017-10-18 2017-10-18 Crops product storage processingequipment

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109013303B (en) * 2018-09-27 2021-12-14 合肥托卡拉图科技有限公司 Wheat seed stoving dust removal loading and unloading all-in-one

Family Cites Families (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CH641976A5 (en) * 1979-01-19 1984-03-30 Buehler Ag Geb DEVICE FOR DRY CLEANING OF CEREALS.
US8863959B1 (en) * 2008-10-03 2014-10-21 General Kinematics Corporation Vibratory separator
CN203556573U (en) * 2013-11-06 2014-04-23 东莞市绰士食品有限公司 Nut screening device
CN203737598U (en) * 2014-03-14 2014-07-30 云南石丰种业有限公司 Multifunctional screening and cleaning machine
CN204866534U (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-12-16 徐伟明 Miniature grain cleaning plant
CN105248629A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-01-20 重庆渝西面制品有限公司 Wheat drying device
CN106954427A (en) * 2017-05-02 2017-07-18 安徽工程大学 Cinnamomum camphora seed collecting device

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Effective date of registration: 20200921

Address after: 236500 Guangwu Avenue 689, Dongcheng, Jieshou City, Fuyang City, Anhui Province

Applicant after: Anhui Rongguo Environmental Intelligent Technology Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 236500 Anhui city of Fuyang Province Jieshou City Ren Zhai Xiang Zhang Xu Xing Zheng Cun Zhou Qiao No. 28

Applicant before: Chen Yuhai

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