Railway clears up car
The present invention relates to a kind of railroad maintenance equipment, is a kind of railway Operation Van particularly.
Railway is the important component of transportation system of China, and in recent years, China railways realize the development of great-leap-forward, are
Ensure the safe operation of high-speed railway, it is necessary to strengthen the monitoring to railway, while ensure the care and maintenance after line clear；
One of maintenance work, it is to the cleaning at rail and sleeper；Due to the reciprocal traveling of goods train, rail nearby remains
Under the rubble, the plaster that drop, prolonged accumulation gradually will cover rail, sleeper, has a strong impact on the service life of rail, even
The danger of train derailing can occur；Existing cleaning mode is more original, and it uses manual cleaning, this mode clear up speed compared with
Slowly, labor intensity is larger, and cleaning cycle is longer, it is impossible to meets fast pace, efficient need that railway transportation is safeguarded, maintained
The content of the invention
In view of the above-mentioned problems, the present invention provides a kind of railway cleaning car, the cleaning car can effectively improve cleaning effect
Rate, while substantially reduce labor intensity, meet modernized railway efficiently, efficiently demand.
To solve the above problems, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is：This railway cleaning car includes operation bottom
Seat, traveling motor, action bars, seat and controller on operation base；
Cleaning device is additionally provided with the operation base, the cleaning device includes supporting rod structure, supporting rod structure
It is divided into transversal stretching bar and vertical expansion link, driving machine and cleaning wheel is installed in the end of vertical expansion link；Transversal stretching bar,
Vertical expansion link and driving machine are due to controller electric connection；
The cleaning wheel includes driving cylinder and cleansing tablet, and the cleansing tablet is equally distributed in the circumference of driving cylinder, each described
Cleansing tablet runs through the barrel of driving cylinder and can be along the radial direction alternating translational of driving cylinder；The top plate of the driving cylinder and barrel one
Shaping, top plate are fixedly connected with the rotating shaft of driving machine；It is described driving cylinder bottom plate can around driving cylinder axis, relative to barrel
Rotation；Adjustable column is installed with the bottom plate, regulation chute is offered in the side face of the adjustable column；Each cleaning
One end that piece penetrates driving cylinder is hinged with slide fastener, and the slide fastener Matching installation is in regulation chute；Driving cylinder it is each radially,
Adjustable column is with driving the distance between cylinder to differ.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows：The operation wheel run on base is placed on rail, driver passes through action bars
Control the work of traveling motor, stop, and then control operation base to travel, stop, moving forward and backward on rail；Pass through control
Device controls the operation of supporting rod structure and cleaning wheel, and under nature, transversal stretching bar and vertical expansion link remain retracted, cleaning
Wheel holding is lifted, inactive state；Operation base delivery inspector slowly travels on rail, and inspector observes rail on both sides rubble
Accumulation situation, when reaching the region for needing to clear up, operation suspension base, transversal stretching bar and vertical is extended by controller
Expansion link, fall cleaning wheel so that drive the contacts baseplate ground of cylinder；Start driving machine, drive driving cylinder operating；Drive cylinder
With ground static friction occurs for bottom plate so that bottom plate remains stationary, driving cylinder is with drive shaft synchronous rotary, therefore bottom plate is with driving cylinder
Relatively rotate；Cleansing tablet on driving cylinder is synchronized with the movement with driving cylinder, while the slide fastener edge regulation chute of cleansing tablet end
Slide, because adjustable column and spacing of the driving cylinder in driving each radial direction of cylinder differ, therefore cleansing tablet is with driving cylinder motion
Meanwhile alternating translational occurs by the traction of regulated post, and then along the radial direction of driving cylinder；Therefore cleansing tablet exposes driving cylinder
Part will periodically extend, shorten.
Therefore, in the rubble between clearing up two sleepers, cleansing tablet gradually extends when turning to rail, and by rail foot
Rubble draw out, when leaving rail, cleansing tablet is gradually shortened and produced close to the edge of sleeper, and now rubble is transferred to, thrown
Go out；The structure can not only clean the rubble on the outside of two rails, can more draw out the rail foot even rubble of inner side, so as to
Cleaning to carrying out depth around rail, effectively prevents the accumulation of rubble, ensures cleaning, being unimpeded for railway.
After one piece of region has been cleaned, the lifting of supporting rod structure is adjusted, you can cleaning wheel is transferred to subsequent region；Clearly
During clean, inspector overlooks downwards the work of cleaning wheel on operation base, can be more convenient, get information about cleaning wheel
Running status, effectively improves the efficiency of cleaning, while improves the accuracy of regulation；It is the delicate structure of the present invention, simple, conveniently patrol
Inspection person easily checks railroad conditions, while can accurately and efficiently clear up railway rubble, greatly improves cleaning efficiency, simultaneously
Reduce working strength.
Preferably, the end section of the adjustable column is oval, oval major semiaxis is vertical with rail；Drive cylinder band
During dynamic cleansing tablet rotates relative to adjustable column, the stretching that cleansing tablet can be by a relatively large margin, driving cylinder of retracting, so as to
The rubble of deeper inside is drawn out, and then improves cleaning effect.
Preferably, being additionally provided with monitoring head on the cleaning device, the monitoring head is with being arranged on operation base
Display board be electrically connected with；By monitoring head, inspector need not bend over, bow, you can easily it was observed that rail lower section rubble
Cleaning situation, while be easy to supporting rod structure accurately telescopic adjustment.
Preferably, it is pasted with valve rubber in the lower surface of the bottom plate；In order to improve rubbing between bottom plate and ground
Power is wiped, while improves the wearability of bottom plate.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the positive structure diagram that this railway clears up car one embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the overlooking the structure diagram of embodiment illustrated in fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the perspective structure schematic diagram of cleaning wheel in embodiment illustrated in fig. 1.
In the embodiment shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, this railway cleaning car include operation base 1, traveling motor, action bars,
Seat and controller 2 on operation base 1；
Cleaning device is additionally provided with the operation base 1, the cleaning device includes supporting rod structure 3, support rod knot
Structure 3 divides for transversal stretching bar 31 and vertical expansion link 32, and driving machine and cleaning wheel 4 are provided with the end of vertical expansion link 32；
Transversal stretching bar 31, vertical expansion link 32 and driving machine are electrically connected with due to controller 2；It is additionally provided with the cleaning device
Monitoring first 5, the monitoring first 5 are electrically connected with the display board 51 on operation base 1；
The cleaning wheel 4 includes driving cylinder 6 and cleansing tablet 7, and the cleansing tablet 7 is equally distributed in the circumference of driving cylinder 6, respectively
The cleansing tablet 7 runs through the barrel of driving cylinder 6 and can be along the radial direction alternating translational of driving cylinder 6；It is described driving cylinder 6 top plate with
Barrel is integrally formed, and top plate is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft of driving machine；It is described driving cylinder 6 bottom plate can around driving cylinder 6 axis,
Rotated relative to barrel；Valve rubber is pasted with the lower surface of the bottom plate；Adjustable column 8 is installed with the bottom plate,
Regulation chute 81 is offered in the side face of the adjustable column 8；One end that each cleansing tablet 7 penetrates driving cylinder 6 is hinged with slide fastener
71, the Matching installation of slide fastener 71 is in regulation chute 81；Driving cylinder 6 it is each radially, between adjustable column 8 and driving cylinder 6
Distance differ；In the present embodiment, the end section of the adjustable column 8 is oval, and oval major semiaxis hangs down with rail
Driver is controlled the work of traveling motor by action bars, stopped, so control the operation traveling of base 1, stopping,
Move forward and backward；Control the operation of supporting rod structure 3 and cleaning wheel 4 by controller 2, under nature, transversal stretching bar 31
Remained retracted with vertical expansion link 32, the holding of cleaning wheel 4 is lifted, inactive state；Run base 1 and deliver inspector on rail 91
Slowly traveling, inspector observe the accumulation situation of the both sides rubble of rail 91, when reaching the region for needing to clear up, operation suspension bottom
Seat 1, transversal stretching bar 31 and vertical expansion link 32 are extended by controller 2, fall cleaning wheel 4 so that the bottom plate of driving cylinder 6 connects
Tread surface；Start driving machine, drive driving cylinder 6 to operate；Static friction occurs for the bottom plate and ground for driving cylinder 6 so that bottom plate is kept
Static, stiction can further be improved by being attached to the valve rubber below bottom plate, while protect bottom plate；Cylinder 6 is driven with driving
Axle synchronous rotary, therefore bottom plate relatively rotates with driving cylinder 6；Cleansing tablet 7 on driving cylinder 6 is synchronized with the movement with driving cylinder 6,
The slide fastener 71 of the end of cleansing tablet 7 slides along regulation chute 81 simultaneously, due to adjustable column 8 with driving cylinder 6 in driving 6 each radial direction of cylinder
Spacing differs, thus cleansing tablet 7 with driving cylinder 6 move while, by the traction of regulated post 8, so along driving cylinder 6
Radial direction occur alternating translational；Therefore cleansing tablet 7, which is exposed, drives the part of cylinder 6 periodically to extend, shorten.
In the present embodiment, adjustable column 8 is in oval tubular, and the major semiaxis of cylindroid is vertical with rail 91, therefore, is being cleared up
During rubble between two sleepers 92, cleansing tablet 7 is gradually extended when turning to rail 91, and the rubble of the bottom of rail 91 is drawn out,
When leaving rail 91, cleansing tablet 7 is gradually shortened and produced close to the edge of sleeper 92, and now rubble is transferred to, dished out；The knot
Structure can not only clean the rubble in two outsides of rail 91, the bottom of the rail 91 even rubble of inner side can more be drawn out, so as to right
The cleaning of depth is carried out around rail 91, the accumulation of rubble is effectively prevented, ensures cleaning, being unimpeded for railway.
After one piece of region has been cleaned, the lifting of supporting rod structure 3 is adjusted, you can cleaning wheel 4 is transferred to subsequent region；
During cleaning, inspector overlooks downwards the work of cleaning wheel 4 on operation base 1, can be more convenient, get information about cleaning
The running status of wheel 4, effectively improves the efficiency of cleaning, while improve the accuracy of regulation；In addition, in the present embodiment, inspection
Member need not bend over, bow, by observing display board 51, you can easily it was observed that the cleaning situation of the lower section rubble of rail 91, together
When be easy to the accurately telescopic adjustment of supporting rod structure 3.
It is the delicate structure of the present invention, simple, facilitate inspector easily to check railroad conditions, while can accurately, it is efficient
Cleaning railway rubble, greatly improve cleaning efficiency, while reduce working strength；In addition, the present invention can be directly on rail
Operation, even if with a varied topography, bad environments, miriness around rail, normal operation is nor affected on, therefore be applicable with wider array of
Scope；Compared to traditional cleaning plant, compact structure of the present invention, light inertia are small, therefore operate sensitiveer, quick.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not intended to limit the invention, it is all the present invention spirit and
Within principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc., it should be included in the scope of the protection.