CN107858986A - Railway clears up car - Google Patents

Railway clears up car Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107858986A
CN107858986A CN201711112036.9A CN201711112036A CN107858986A CN 107858986 A CN107858986 A CN 107858986A CN 201711112036 A CN201711112036 A CN 201711112036A CN 107858986 A CN107858986 A CN 107858986A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
driving cylinder
cleaning
railway
car
plate
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Granted
Application number
CN201711112036.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107858986B (en
Inventor
顾钰锋
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Ding Wuxuan
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顾钰锋
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Priority to CN201711112036.9A priority Critical patent/CN107858986B/en
Publication of CN107858986A publication Critical patent/CN107858986A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN107858986B publication Critical patent/CN107858986B/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H8/00Removing undesirable matter from the permanent way of railways; Removing undesirable matter from tramway rails
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H8/00Removing undesirable matter from the permanent way of railways; Removing undesirable matter from tramway rails
    • E01H8/10Removing undesirable matter from rails, flange grooves, or the like railway parts, e.g. removing ice from contact rails, removing mud from flange grooves

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of railway to clear up car, and this railway cleaning car includes operation base, seat and controller;Cleaning device is additionally provided with the operation base, the cleaning device includes supporting rod structure, and supporting rod structure is divided into transversal stretching bar and vertical expansion link, and driving machine and cleaning wheel are provided with the end of vertical expansion link;The cleaning wheel includes driving cylinder and cleansing tablet, and the bottom plate of the driving cylinder can rotate around the axis of driving cylinder, relative to barrel;Adjustable column is installed with the bottom plate, regulation chute is offered in the side face of the adjustable column;One end that each cleansing tablet penetrates driving cylinder is hinged with slide fastener, and the slide fastener Matching installation is in regulation chute;Driving cylinder it is each radially, adjustable column is with driving the distance between cylinder to differ;The cleaning car can effectively improve cleaning efficiency, while substantially reduce labor intensity, meet modernized railway efficiently, efficiently demand.

Description

Railway clears up car
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of railroad maintenance equipment, is a kind of railway Operation Van particularly.
Background technology
Railway is the important component of transportation system of China, and in recent years, China railways realize the development of great-leap-forward, are Ensure the safe operation of high-speed railway, it is necessary to strengthen the monitoring to railway, while ensure the care and maintenance after line clear; One of maintenance work, it is to the cleaning at rail and sleeper;Due to the reciprocal traveling of goods train, rail nearby remains Under the rubble, the plaster that drop, prolonged accumulation gradually will cover rail, sleeper, has a strong impact on the service life of rail, even The danger of train derailing can occur;Existing cleaning mode is more original, and it uses manual cleaning, this mode clear up speed compared with Slowly, labor intensity is larger, and cleaning cycle is longer, it is impossible to meets fast pace, efficient need that railway transportation is safeguarded, maintained Ask.
The content of the invention
In view of the above-mentioned problems, the present invention provides a kind of railway cleaning car, the cleaning car can effectively improve cleaning effect Rate, while substantially reduce labor intensity, meet modernized railway efficiently, efficiently demand.
To solve the above problems, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:This railway cleaning car includes operation bottom Seat, traveling motor, action bars, seat and controller on operation base;
Cleaning device is additionally provided with the operation base, the cleaning device includes supporting rod structure, supporting rod structure It is divided into transversal stretching bar and vertical expansion link, driving machine and cleaning wheel is installed in the end of vertical expansion link;Transversal stretching bar, Vertical expansion link and driving machine are due to controller electric connection;
The cleaning wheel includes driving cylinder and cleansing tablet, and the cleansing tablet is equally distributed in the circumference of driving cylinder, each described Cleansing tablet runs through the barrel of driving cylinder and can be along the radial direction alternating translational of driving cylinder;The top plate of the driving cylinder and barrel one Shaping, top plate are fixedly connected with the rotating shaft of driving machine;It is described driving cylinder bottom plate can around driving cylinder axis, relative to barrel Rotation;Adjustable column is installed with the bottom plate, regulation chute is offered in the side face of the adjustable column;Each cleaning One end that piece penetrates driving cylinder is hinged with slide fastener, and the slide fastener Matching installation is in regulation chute;Driving cylinder it is each radially, Adjustable column is with driving the distance between cylinder to differ.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The operation wheel run on base is placed on rail, driver passes through action bars Control the work of traveling motor, stop, and then control operation base to travel, stop, moving forward and backward on rail;Pass through control Device controls the operation of supporting rod structure and cleaning wheel, and under nature, transversal stretching bar and vertical expansion link remain retracted, cleaning Wheel holding is lifted, inactive state;Operation base delivery inspector slowly travels on rail, and inspector observes rail on both sides rubble Accumulation situation, when reaching the region for needing to clear up, operation suspension base, transversal stretching bar and vertical is extended by controller Expansion link, fall cleaning wheel so that drive the contacts baseplate ground of cylinder;Start driving machine, drive driving cylinder operating;Drive cylinder With ground static friction occurs for bottom plate so that bottom plate remains stationary, driving cylinder is with drive shaft synchronous rotary, therefore bottom plate is with driving cylinder Relatively rotate;Cleansing tablet on driving cylinder is synchronized with the movement with driving cylinder, while the slide fastener edge regulation chute of cleansing tablet end Slide, because adjustable column and spacing of the driving cylinder in driving each radial direction of cylinder differ, therefore cleansing tablet is with driving cylinder motion Meanwhile alternating translational occurs by the traction of regulated post, and then along the radial direction of driving cylinder;Therefore cleansing tablet exposes driving cylinder Part will periodically extend, shorten.
Therefore, in the rubble between clearing up two sleepers, cleansing tablet gradually extends when turning to rail, and by rail foot Rubble draw out, when leaving rail, cleansing tablet is gradually shortened and produced close to the edge of sleeper, and now rubble is transferred to, thrown Go out;The structure can not only clean the rubble on the outside of two rails, can more draw out the rail foot even rubble of inner side, so as to Cleaning to carrying out depth around rail, effectively prevents the accumulation of rubble, ensures cleaning, being unimpeded for railway.
After one piece of region has been cleaned, the lifting of supporting rod structure is adjusted, you can cleaning wheel is transferred to subsequent region;Clearly During clean, inspector overlooks downwards the work of cleaning wheel on operation base, can be more convenient, get information about cleaning wheel Running status, effectively improves the efficiency of cleaning, while improves the accuracy of regulation;It is the delicate structure of the present invention, simple, conveniently patrol Inspection person easily checks railroad conditions, while can accurately and efficiently clear up railway rubble, greatly improves cleaning efficiency, simultaneously Reduce working strength.
Preferably, the end section of the adjustable column is oval, oval major semiaxis is vertical with rail;Drive cylinder band During dynamic cleansing tablet rotates relative to adjustable column, the stretching that cleansing tablet can be by a relatively large margin, driving cylinder of retracting, so as to The rubble of deeper inside is drawn out, and then improves cleaning effect.
Preferably, being additionally provided with monitoring head on the cleaning device, the monitoring head is with being arranged on operation base Display board be electrically connected with;By monitoring head, inspector need not bend over, bow, you can easily it was observed that rail lower section rubble Cleaning situation, while be easy to supporting rod structure accurately telescopic adjustment.
Preferably, it is pasted with valve rubber in the lower surface of the bottom plate;In order to improve rubbing between bottom plate and ground Power is wiped, while improves the wearability of bottom plate.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the positive structure diagram that this railway clears up car one embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the overlooking the structure diagram of embodiment illustrated in fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the perspective structure schematic diagram of cleaning wheel in embodiment illustrated in fig. 1.
Embodiment
Embodiment:
In the embodiment shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, this railway cleaning car include operation base 1, traveling motor, action bars, Seat and controller 2 on operation base 1;
Cleaning device is additionally provided with the operation base 1, the cleaning device includes supporting rod structure 3, support rod knot Structure 3 divides for transversal stretching bar 31 and vertical expansion link 32, and driving machine and cleaning wheel 4 are provided with the end of vertical expansion link 32; Transversal stretching bar 31, vertical expansion link 32 and driving machine are electrically connected with due to controller 2;It is additionally provided with the cleaning device Monitoring first 5, the monitoring first 5 are electrically connected with the display board 51 on operation base 1;
The cleaning wheel 4 includes driving cylinder 6 and cleansing tablet 7, and the cleansing tablet 7 is equally distributed in the circumference of driving cylinder 6, respectively The cleansing tablet 7 runs through the barrel of driving cylinder 6 and can be along the radial direction alternating translational of driving cylinder 6;It is described driving cylinder 6 top plate with Barrel is integrally formed, and top plate is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft of driving machine;It is described driving cylinder 6 bottom plate can around driving cylinder 6 axis, Rotated relative to barrel;Valve rubber is pasted with the lower surface of the bottom plate;Adjustable column 8 is installed with the bottom plate, Regulation chute 81 is offered in the side face of the adjustable column 8;One end that each cleansing tablet 7 penetrates driving cylinder 6 is hinged with slide fastener 71, the Matching installation of slide fastener 71 is in regulation chute 81;Driving cylinder 6 it is each radially, between adjustable column 8 and driving cylinder 6 Distance differ;In the present embodiment, the end section of the adjustable column 8 is oval, and oval major semiaxis hangs down with rail Directly.
Driver is controlled the work of traveling motor by action bars, stopped, so control the operation traveling of base 1, stopping, Move forward and backward;Control the operation of supporting rod structure 3 and cleaning wheel 4 by controller 2, under nature, transversal stretching bar 31 Remained retracted with vertical expansion link 32, the holding of cleaning wheel 4 is lifted, inactive state;Run base 1 and deliver inspector on rail 91 Slowly traveling, inspector observe the accumulation situation of the both sides rubble of rail 91, when reaching the region for needing to clear up, operation suspension bottom Seat 1, transversal stretching bar 31 and vertical expansion link 32 are extended by controller 2, fall cleaning wheel 4 so that the bottom plate of driving cylinder 6 connects Tread surface;Start driving machine, drive driving cylinder 6 to operate;Static friction occurs for the bottom plate and ground for driving cylinder 6 so that bottom plate is kept Static, stiction can further be improved by being attached to the valve rubber below bottom plate, while protect bottom plate;Cylinder 6 is driven with driving Axle synchronous rotary, therefore bottom plate relatively rotates with driving cylinder 6;Cleansing tablet 7 on driving cylinder 6 is synchronized with the movement with driving cylinder 6, The slide fastener 71 of the end of cleansing tablet 7 slides along regulation chute 81 simultaneously, due to adjustable column 8 with driving cylinder 6 in driving 6 each radial direction of cylinder Spacing differs, thus cleansing tablet 7 with driving cylinder 6 move while, by the traction of regulated post 8, so along driving cylinder 6 Radial direction occur alternating translational;Therefore cleansing tablet 7, which is exposed, drives the part of cylinder 6 periodically to extend, shorten.
In the present embodiment, adjustable column 8 is in oval tubular, and the major semiaxis of cylindroid is vertical with rail 91, therefore, is being cleared up During rubble between two sleepers 92, cleansing tablet 7 is gradually extended when turning to rail 91, and the rubble of the bottom of rail 91 is drawn out, When leaving rail 91, cleansing tablet 7 is gradually shortened and produced close to the edge of sleeper 92, and now rubble is transferred to, dished out;The knot Structure can not only clean the rubble in two outsides of rail 91, the bottom of the rail 91 even rubble of inner side can more be drawn out, so as to right The cleaning of depth is carried out around rail 91, the accumulation of rubble is effectively prevented, ensures cleaning, being unimpeded for railway.
After one piece of region has been cleaned, the lifting of supporting rod structure 3 is adjusted, you can cleaning wheel 4 is transferred to subsequent region; During cleaning, inspector overlooks downwards the work of cleaning wheel 4 on operation base 1, can be more convenient, get information about cleaning The running status of wheel 4, effectively improves the efficiency of cleaning, while improve the accuracy of regulation;In addition, in the present embodiment, inspection Member need not bend over, bow, by observing display board 51, you can easily it was observed that the cleaning situation of the lower section rubble of rail 91, together When be easy to the accurately telescopic adjustment of supporting rod structure 3.
It is the delicate structure of the present invention, simple, facilitate inspector easily to check railroad conditions, while can accurately, it is efficient Cleaning railway rubble, greatly improve cleaning efficiency, while reduce working strength;In addition, the present invention can be directly on rail Operation, even if with a varied topography, bad environments, miriness around rail, normal operation is nor affected on, therefore be applicable with wider array of Scope;Compared to traditional cleaning plant, compact structure of the present invention, light inertia are small, therefore operate sensitiveer, quick.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not intended to limit the invention, it is all the present invention spirit and Within principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc., it should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of railway clears up car, this railway cleaning car includes operation base(1), traveling motor, action bars, peace Mounted in operation base(1)On seat and controller(2);It is characterized in that:In the operation base(1)On be additionally provided with cleaning Device, the cleaning device include supporting rod structure(3), supporting rod structure(3)It is divided into transversal stretching bar(31)With vertically stretch Contracting bar(32), in vertical expansion link(32)End driving machine and cleaning wheel are installed(4);Transversal stretching bar(31), vertically stretch Contracting bar(32)With driving machine due to controller(2)It is electrically connected with;The cleaning wheel(4)Include driving cylinder(6)And cleansing tablet (7), the cleansing tablet(7)It is equally distributed on driving cylinder(6)Circumference on, each cleansing tablet(7)Through driving cylinder(6)Cylinder Wall and can along driving cylinder(6)Radial direction alternating translational;The driving cylinder(6)Top plate be integrally formed with barrel, top plate with drive The rotating shaft of motivation is fixedly connected;The driving cylinder(6)Bottom plate can around driving cylinder(6)Axis, rotate relative to barrel; Adjustable column is installed with the bottom plate(8), in the adjustable column(8)Side face offer regulation chute(81);It is each described Cleansing tablet(7)Penetrate driving cylinder(6)One end be hinged with slide fastener(71), the slide fastener(71)Matching installation is in regulation chute(81) It is interior;In driving cylinder(6)It is each radially, adjustable column(8)With driving cylinder(6)The distance between differ.
It is 2. according to claim 1, it is characterised in that railway clears up car:The adjustable column(8)End section in ellipse Circle, oval major semiaxis and rail(91)Vertically.
It is 3. according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that railway clears up car:Also set up on the cleaning device There is monitoring head(5), the monitoring head(5)With installed in operation base(1)On display board(51)It is electrically connected with.
It is 4. according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that railway clears up car:Attached in the lower surface of the bottom plate There is valve rubber.
CN201711112036.9A 2017-11-13 2017-11-13 Railway clears up vehicle Active CN107858986B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711112036.9A CN107858986B (en) 2017-11-13 2017-11-13 Railway clears up vehicle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711112036.9A CN107858986B (en) 2017-11-13 2017-11-13 Railway clears up vehicle

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CN107858986A true CN107858986A (en) 2018-03-30
CN107858986B CN107858986B (en) 2019-09-27

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110700176A (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-01-17 南京爱默升能源技术有限公司 Rail transit rail cleaning and maintaining device

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2918683A1 (en) * 2007-07-10 2009-01-16 Atmf Soc Par Actions Simplifie Material e.g. concrete, maintaining, abrading, stripping, removing and cleaning device for e.g. common transport, has chassis on which handlebar is fixed, and platform receiving and fixing device mounted on axle
CN102162221A (en) * 2011-01-20 2011-08-24 西北工业大学 A cleaning maintenance vehicle using in a track
JP2011190660A (en) * 2010-03-16 2011-09-29 East Japan Railway Co Foreign object removing device for track branch section
CN203684159U (en) * 2014-01-09 2014-07-02 河北钢铁股份有限公司邯郸分公司 Automatic track clearing vehicle
CN105951646A (en) * 2016-07-03 2016-09-21 安徽碧源环保工程有限公司 Garbage cleaning truck
CN206570752U (en) * 2017-02-22 2017-10-20 重庆工程职业技术学院 A kind of mine track obstacle automatic cleaning apparatus

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2918683A1 (en) * 2007-07-10 2009-01-16 Atmf Soc Par Actions Simplifie Material e.g. concrete, maintaining, abrading, stripping, removing and cleaning device for e.g. common transport, has chassis on which handlebar is fixed, and platform receiving and fixing device mounted on axle
JP2011190660A (en) * 2010-03-16 2011-09-29 East Japan Railway Co Foreign object removing device for track branch section
CN102162221A (en) * 2011-01-20 2011-08-24 西北工业大学 A cleaning maintenance vehicle using in a track
CN203684159U (en) * 2014-01-09 2014-07-02 河北钢铁股份有限公司邯郸分公司 Automatic track clearing vehicle
CN105951646A (en) * 2016-07-03 2016-09-21 安徽碧源环保工程有限公司 Garbage cleaning truck
CN206570752U (en) * 2017-02-22 2017-10-20 重庆工程职业技术学院 A kind of mine track obstacle automatic cleaning apparatus

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110700176A (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-01-17 南京爱默升能源技术有限公司 Rail transit rail cleaning and maintaining device

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Effective date of registration: 20190830

Address after: Tiantai County Xinqiao village Taizhou city Zhejiang province 317203 Lei Feng Xiang 1 Group No. 98

Applicant after: Ding Wuxuan

Address before: Room 813, Block A, Dell Plaza, Kaiping Road, Wujiang District, Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province

Applicant before: Gu Yufeng

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