CN203247535U - Road-protecting ice and snow removing machine - Google Patents

Road-protecting ice and snow removing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203247535U
CN203247535U CN 201320413748 CN201320413748U CN203247535U CN 203247535 U CN203247535 U CN 203247535U CN 201320413748 CN201320413748 CN 201320413748 CN 201320413748 U CN201320413748 U CN 201320413748U CN 203247535 U CN203247535 U CN 203247535U
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vehicle frame
deicing
fixed
wheels
snow
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CN 201320413748
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Chinese (zh)
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麻润存
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Individual
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a road-protecting ice and snow removing machine, and belongs to the technical field of ice and snow removing machines. The road-protecting ice and snow removing machine aims to achieve the purposes that road surfaces will not be damaged and ice and snow can be completely cleaned. According to the technical scheme, the road-protecting ice and snow removing machine comprises a frame, a cab, an ice and snow removing device, a lifting mechanism, a walking part, a walking power part and an ice removing power part, wherein the walking part is installed at the bottom of the frame and is divided into two front wheels and two rear wheels, the walking power part is installed on the frame and drives the two rear wheels, the cab is installed above the frame, and the ice and snow removing device is installed on the frame between the two rear frames and the two front wheels; the ice and snow removing device is movably installed on the frame through a guiding mechanism, and the guiding mechanism can ensure that the ice and snow removing device moves up and down relative to the frame; the lifting mechanism is further arranged between the ice and snow removing device and the frame, and the ice and snow removing device can be lifted above the ground through the lifting mechanism. The road-protecting ice and snow removing machine can be used for completely cleaning the road surfaces without damaging the road surfaces.

Description

A kind of road maintenance deicing machine
Technical field
A kind of road maintenance deicing of the utility model machine belongs to the deicing field of mechanical technique.
Background technology
In northern China, all can have a large amount of snowfalls winter, road snow or icing after the snowfall, can have a strong impact on traffic conditions, so the road surface deicing is very important after the snowfall, the method for more existing deicing has: one, salting, salting can stop accumulated snow to freeze, thereby it is slowly melted; Two, use the deicing sled that the ice and snow on the road surface is removed.First method can only be for the less situation of snowfall, and road conditions still can be relatively poor before snow melting.Second method can be in the situation that large accumulated snow or the ice in time removed of snowfall, keep road conditions unimpeded, but more existing deicing machines, all be that device for expelling ice and snow is installed in the car body front, and device for expelling ice and snow has plenty of shovel bucket form, have plenty of on the rotating roller and vertical steel plate to be installed to roll form, these two kinds of forms all can not be adjusted automatically according to height or the gradient on road surface, so just caused when having the gradient or height rise and fall on the road surface, not except unclean, be exactly with pavement damage, the effect of deicing is all bad.
The utility model content
The utility model overcomes the deficiency that prior art exists, and technical problem to be solved namely can not damaged the road surface for providing a kind of, road maintenance deicing machine that again can ice and snow removing is clean.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of road maintenance deicing machine, comprise: vehicle frame, driver's cabin, device for expelling ice and snow, hoisting mechanism, running gear, walking power section, deicing power section, running gear is installed in bottom of frame, described running gear is two front-wheels and two trailing wheels, the walking power section is installed in and drives two trailing wheels on the vehicle frame, driver's cabin is installed in vehicle frame top, on the vehicle frame between described two trailing wheels and two front-wheels device for expelling ice and snow is installed;
Described device for expelling ice and snow is movably arranged on the vehicle frame by guiding mechanism, and described guiding mechanism can make device for expelling ice and snow move up and down with respect to vehicle frame;
Also be provided with the hoisting mechanism that device for expelling ice and snow can be lifted from ground between described device for expelling ice and snow and the vehicle frame;
The structure of described device for expelling ice and snow is: skeleton be the frame construction of right-angled trapezium and its hypotenuse near two trailing wheels, four cross bars be disposed on right-angled trapezium inside with its be divided into five skies every; Four identical deicing rollers of structure be staggered installation of four adjacent skies every in, the rear of each deicing roller all is equipped with one and walks wheel mechanism; One end of described each deicing roller all is equipped with a belt pulley separately, and the deicing motor is installed on the skeleton, and the deicing motor rotates synchronously by four deicing rollers of belt drive;
Described deicing power section is fixed on the vehicle frame, and it is that a diesel engine drives a generator, and described generator provides energy for the deicing motor;
The described structure of walking wheel mechanism is: 2-4 steamboat is supported on the bottom of wheel carrier, the lower end of the first screw mandrel that vertically arranges is installed on the wheel carrier, and can mutually rotate between the first screw mandrel and the wheel carrier, the upper end of the first screw mandrel is fixedly connected with worm gear after passing horizontally disposed clamped beam, two guide pads by thread set on the first screw mandrel, and two guide pads all are fixedly connected with clamped beam, and the two ends overlap joint of clamped beam is installed on two adjacent cross bars; The worm screw that described worm gear and is installed on the skeleton cooperates, and the end of worm screw links to each other with the joystick of driver's cabin by universal joint, connecting rod;
Four structures of walking wheel mechanism are all identical.
The hypotenuse side of skeleton also is fixed with clearing apparatus in the described device for expelling ice and snow, the structure of clearing apparatus is: equidistant interval is equipped with four clean disks on the cleaning rack, the cleaning motor is fixed on the cleaning rack, the output of cleaning motor is connected by the one-level drive at two clean disk tops of belt and centre, and the stage transmission wheel at two other clean disk top is connected with adjacent one-level drive by belt separately; The cleaning motor provides energy by the generator in the described deicing power section;
The structure of described clean disk is: radioactivity fixedly has three angle steel on the circular disk body, all holds many wire rope with clamping plate by bolt clip on the vertical plane of every angle steel;
The two ends of described clearing apparatus respectively are connected with skeleton by a fixed mount, one end of fixed mount is fixed on the skeleton, the other end of fixed mount is positioned at the top of cleaning rack, the lower end of the second screw mandrel is fixed by nut after passing cleaning rack, middle part and the fixed mount of the second screw mandrel are threaded connection, the upper end of the second screw mandrel is fixed with the first sprocket wheel, connects by the first chain between two the first sprocket wheels on two fixed mounts.
Drawn a stay cord between described clearing apparatus and the vehicle frame, in order to overcome the twisting resistance that forms when clean disk is worked.
Described walking in the wheel mechanism, the both sides, front and back of wheel carrier are provided with baffle plate, and baffle plate is embedded in the guide groove fixing on the described skeleton keeping and keeps straight on.
The structure of described deicing roller is: the axially upper of axle is equipped with a plurality of chain groups by the screw equi-spaced apart, and each chain group includes four chains, and described four chains are distributed on the circumference of axle.
A plurality of cutter heads also are installed on the described deicing roller, and cutter head is fixed on the end of every chain in described a plurality of chain group.
Described running gear also comprises two auxiliary wheels that structure is identical, and two auxiliary wheels symmetries are installed in the both sides of vehicle frame, assists two trailing wheels and two front-wheels to support together complete machine;
The structure of described auxiliary wheels is: auxiliary wheel is installed on the horizontal arm of L shaped knee by bearing, be set with spring pedestal, spring and sleeve on the vertical arm of L shaped knee, spring pedestal is threaded connection on L shaped knee, the spring movable set is on L shaped knee, spring cup is threaded connection on sleeve, spring-compressed is between spring pedestal and spring cup, and sleeve is by junction plate and being bolted on the vehicle frame;
The bottom of the vertical arm of L shaped knee also is movably installed with guide strip, and described guide strip is bolted on the vehicle frame;
Be fixedly connected with horizontally disposed push rod on the termination of the vertical arm of described L shaped knee, be fixed with vertical gathering sill with the corresponding position of push rod on the vehicle frame, the termination of described push rod is arranged in gathering sill.
The structure of described guiding mechanism is: be provided with two downward guide pegs that are parallel to each other on the vehicle frame, all be set with slip wheels on the every guide peg, described slip wheels consist of by three wheels are installed between two blocks of side plates, described guide peg passes from the space that two blocks of side plates and three wheels surround, and described slip wheels are fixed on the device for expelling ice and snow.
The structure of described hoisting mechanism is: two the first movable pulley are installed in the rear portion of described skeleton, two the second movable pulley are installed in respectively on two slip wheels in the guiding mechanism, lifting motor and connected worm reduction gear are fixed on the mounting platform, described mounting platform is fixed on the vehicle frame, the first axle all is positioned on the vehicle frame of device for expelling ice and snow top by parallel being installed in of bearing with the second axle, the output of worm reduction gear drives the first axle by the chain transmission and rotates, the first axle drives the second axle by the chain transmission and rotates, the two ends of the second axle are fixed with second sprocket wheel separately, one end of two the second chains is fixed on corresponding the second sprocket wheel, and the other end is fixed on the vehicle frame after walking around corresponding the first movable pulley; The two ends of described the first axle are fixed with the 3rd sprocket wheel separately, and an end of two the 3rd chains is fixed on corresponding the 3rd sprocket wheel, and the other end is fixed on the vehicle frame after walking around corresponding the second movable pulley;
Described worm reduction gear is the worm reduction gear with self-locking, and described lifting motor provides energy by the generator in the deicing power section.
The utility model compared with prior art has following beneficial effect.
1, the utility model is installed in device for expelling ice and snow between the front and back wheel, and the connection between itself and the vehicle frame can be up and down, and device for expelling ice and snow is its oneself travelling wheel mechanism controls apart from the height on road surface, so that device for expelling ice and snow is constant all the time apart from the height on road surface, that is to say, even the road surface has height to rise and fall or the gradient, deicing roller also is constant apart from the height on road surface, like this, just can be good at the ice and snow removing on the road surface totally, and can closely not injure the road surface by a crashing object because deicing roller becomes apart from the road surface.
2, device for expelling ice and snow is installed on the vehicle frame by guiding mechanism in the utility model, so that device for expelling ice and snow vehicle frame is up and down relatively, guiding mechanism and be arranged on device for expelling ice and snow and cooperate with hoisting mechanism between the vehicle frame, when device for expelling ice and snow is not worked, it can be mentioned, make it not in contact with the ground, the utility model just can normally travel like this, can not damage away the steamboat in the wheel mechanism; And the hoisting mechanism in the utility model has used movable pulley, has reached the labour-saving purpose.
3, screw mandrel and the guide pad of walking wheel mechanism in the utility model are threaded connection, can drive worm gear with worm screw and rotate to regulate whole device for expelling ice and snow apart from the height on ground, deicing roller is adjusted to apart from behind the suitable height in ground, just can not injured by a crashing object the road surface; In addition, walk wheel mechanism and be installed in the deicing roller back, what the steamboat on it was chosen is the steamboat little with contact area of ground, guaranteed that walking wheel mechanism for four can contact on a direct sum road surface, the distance that also just can guarantee deicing roller and ground is constant all the time, reach and to remove clean ice and snow, can not damage again the effect on road surface.
4, the deicing roller in the utility model is that the structure of chain is installed on the axle, and also cutter head can be installed on the chain, and when axle rotated, chain and cutter head can be pounded rubble ice.
5, the utility model is provided with auxiliary wheels between front-wheel and trailing wheel, the weight of car is delivered on the auxiliary wheel by junction plate, sleeve, spring cup, spring, spring pedestal, L shaped knee, namely can help front and back wheel to bear the weight of car load, the spring on it also can play the effect of damping; And spring pedestal and spring cup can pass through threaded adjustment upper-lower position separately, regulates the purpose that auxiliary wheel bears the strength size thereby reach.
6, clearing apparatus is installed on the skeleton by fixed mount in the utility model, one end of fixed mount is fixed on the skeleton, the other end is positioned at the top of clearing apparatus, the bottom of leading screw is fixed on the cleaning rack by nut, the middle part of screw mandrel is threaded connection on fixed mount, like this, can adjust whole clearing apparatus with respect to the height on skeleton and ground by rotary screw rod, like this, the utility model just can use separately deicing roller, or use separately clearing apparatus, and can compensate within the specific limits the wearing and tearing of wire rope on the clean disk; In addition, clean disk adopts clamping plate by bolt rope cramp to be held in structure on the angle steel, after steel rope abrasion shortens, can unclamp clamping plate wire rope is put down compensation, when wire rope is too short can't use the time, can be only change steel rope more, not only increased the application life of clean disk, and reduced maintenance cost.
7, the utility model has drawn a stay cord between clearing apparatus and vehicle frame, can be ingenious and to offset cheaply clean disk work be the twisting resistance that whole device for expelling ice and snow brings.
Description of drawings
The utility model is described in more detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of device for expelling ice and snow in the utility model.
Fig. 4 is the top view of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of walking wheel mechanism in the utility model.
Fig. 6 is the stereogram of walking wheel mechanism in the utility model.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of clean disk in the utility model.
Fig. 8 is the top view of Fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of deicing roller in the utility model.
Figure 10 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 9.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of auxiliary wheels in the utility model.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of guiding mechanism in the utility model.
Figure 13 is the B-B sectional view of Figure 12.
Figure 14 is the structural representation of hoisting mechanism in the utility model.
Figure 15 is the top view of Figure 14.
Among the figure: 1 is vehicle frame, and 2 is driver's cabin, and 3 is device for expelling ice and snow, 5 is running gear, and 6 are the walking power section, and 7 are the deicing power section, 8 is guiding mechanism, and 9 is hoisting mechanism, and 10 is skeleton, 11 is cross bar, and 12 is deicing roller, and 13 for walking wheel mechanism, 14 is belt pulley, and 15 are the deicing motor, and 16 is diesel engine, 17 is generator, and 18 is steamboat, and 19 is wheel carrier, 20 is the first screw mandrel, and 21 is clamped beam, and 22 is worm gear, 23 is guide pad, and 24 is worm screw, and 25 is clearing apparatus, 26 is cleaning rack, and 27 is clean disk, and 28 are the cleaning motor, 29 is circular disk body, and 30 is angle steel, and 31 is wire rope, 32 is fixed mount, and 33 is the second screw mandrel, and 34 is the first sprocket wheel, 35 is the first chain, and 36 is stay cord, and 37 is baffle plate, 38 is axle, and 39 is the chain group, and 40 are auxiliary wheels, 41 is auxiliary wheel, and 42 is L shaped knee, and 43 is spring pedestal, 44 is spring, and 45 is sleeve, and 46 is spring cup, 47 is junction plate, and 48 is guide strip, and 49 is push rod, 50 is gathering sill, 51 is guide peg, and 52 are the slip wheels, and 53 is side plate, 54 is wheel, 55 is the first movable pulley, and 56 is the second movable pulley, and 57 is lifting motor, 58 is worm reduction gear, 59 is mounting platform, and 60 is the first axle, and 61 is the second axle, 62 is the second sprocket wheel, 63 is the second chain, and 64 is the 3rd sprocket wheel, and 65 is the 3rd chain.
The specific embodiment
A kind of road maintenance deicing of the utility model machine, comprise: vehicle frame 1, driver's cabin 2, device for expelling ice and snow 3, hoisting mechanism 9, running gear 5, walking power section 6, deicing power section 7, running gear 5 is installed in vehicle frame 1 bottom, described running gear 5 is two front-wheels and two trailing wheels, walking power section 6 is installed in and drives two trailing wheels on the vehicle frame 1, driver's cabin 2 is installed in vehicle frame 1 top, on the vehicle frame 1 between described two trailing wheels and two front-wheels device for expelling ice and snow 3 is installed;
Described device for expelling ice and snow 3 is movably arranged on the vehicle frame 1 by guiding mechanism 8, and described guiding mechanism 8 can make device for expelling ice and snow 3 move up and down with respect to vehicle frame 1;
Also be provided with the hoisting mechanism 9 that device for expelling ice and snow 3 can be lifted from ground between described device for expelling ice and snow 3 and the vehicle frame 1;
The structure of described device for expelling ice and snow 3 is: skeleton 10 is the frame construction of right-angled trapezium and its hypotenuse near two trailing wheels, four cross bars 11 be disposed on right-angled trapezium inside with its be divided into five skies every; Four identical deicing rollers 12 of structure be staggered installation of four adjacent skies every in, the rear of each deicing roller 12 all is equipped with one and walks wheel mechanism 13; One end of described each deicing roller 12 all is equipped with a belt pulley 14 separately, and deicing motor 15 is installed on the skeleton 10, and deicing motor 15 rotates synchronously by four deicing rollers 12 of belt drive;
Described deicing power section 7 is fixed on the vehicle frame 1, and it is that a diesel engine 16 drives a generator 17, and described generator 17 provides energy for deicing motor 15;
The described structure of walking wheel mechanism 13 is: 2-4 steamboat 18 is supported on the bottom of wheel carrier 19, the lower end of the first screw mandrel 20 that vertically arranges is installed on the wheel carrier 19, and can mutually rotate between the first screw mandrel 20 and the wheel carrier 19, the upper end of the first screw mandrel 20 is fixedly connected with worm gear 22 after passing horizontally disposed clamped beam 21, two guide pads 23 by thread set on the first screw mandrel 20, and two guide pads 23 all are fixedly connected with clamped beam 21, and the two ends overlap joint of clamped beam 21 is installed on two adjacent cross bars 11; The worm screw 24 that described worm gear 22 and is installed on the skeleton 10 cooperates, and the end of worm screw 24 links to each other with the joystick of driver's cabin 2 by universal joint, connecting rod;
Four structures of walking wheel mechanism 13 are all identical.
The hypotenuse side of skeleton 10 also is fixed with clearing apparatus 25 in the described device for expelling ice and snow 3, the structure of clearing apparatus 25 is: equidistant interval is equipped with four clean disks 27 on the cleaning rack 26, cleaning motor 28 is fixed on the cleaning rack 26, the output of cleaning motor 28 is connected by the one-level drive at two clean disk 27 tops of belt and centre, and the stage transmission wheel at two other clean disk 27 tops is connected with adjacent one-level drive by belt separately; Cleaning motor 28 provides energy by the generator 17 in the described deicing power section 7;
The structure of described clean disk 27 is: radioactivity fixedly has three angle steel 30 on the circular disk body 29, all holds many wire rope 31 with clamping plate by bolt clip on the vertical plane of every angle steel 30;
The two ends of described clearing apparatus 25 respectively are connected with skeleton 10 by a fixed mount 32, one end of fixed mount 32 is fixed on the skeleton 10, the other end of fixed mount 32 is positioned at the top of cleaning rack 26, the lower end of the second screw mandrel 33 is fixed by nut after passing cleaning rack 26, the middle part of the second screw mandrel 33 and fixed mount 32 are threaded connection, the upper end of the second screw mandrel 33 is fixed with between two the first sprocket wheels 34 on 34, two fixed mounts 32 of the first sprocket wheel and connects by the first chain 35.
Drawn a stay cord 36 between described clearing apparatus 25 and the vehicle frame 1, in order to overcome the twisting resistance that forms when clean disk 27 is worked.
Described walking in the wheel mechanism 13, the both sides, front and back of wheel carrier 19 are provided with baffle plate 37, and baffle plate 37 is embedded in the guide groove fixing on the described skeleton 10 keeping and keeps straight on.
The structure of described deicing roller 12 is: the axially upper of axle 38 is equipped with a plurality of chain groups 39 by the screw equi-spaced apart, and each chain group 39 includes four chains, and described four chains are distributed on the circumference of axle 38.
On the described deicing roller 12 a plurality of cutter heads are installed also, cutter head is fixed on the end of every chain in described a plurality of chain group 39.
Described running gear 5 comprises that also two identical 40, two auxiliary wheels 40 symmetries of auxiliary wheels of structure are installed in the both sides of vehicle frame 1, assist two trailing wheels and two front-wheels to support together complete machine;
The structure of described auxiliary wheels 40 is: auxiliary wheel 41 is installed on the horizontal arm of L shaped knee 42 by bearing, be set with spring pedestal 43, spring 44 and sleeve 45 on the vertical arm of L shaped knee 42, spring pedestal 43 is threaded connection on L shaped knee 42, spring 44 movable sets are on L shaped knee 42, spring cup 46 is threaded connection on sleeve 45, spring 44 is compressed between spring pedestal 43 and the spring cup 46, and sleeve 45 is by junction plate 47 and be bolted on the vehicle frame 1;
The bottom of L shaped knee 42 vertical arms also is movably installed with guide strip 48, and described guide strip 48 is bolted on the vehicle frame 1;
Be fixedly connected with horizontally disposed push rod 49 on the termination of described L shaped knee 42 vertical arms, be fixed with vertical gathering sill 50 with push rod 49 corresponding positions on the vehicle frame 1, the termination of described push rod 49 is arranged in gathering sill 50.
The structure of described guiding mechanism 8 is: be provided with two downward guide pegs 51 that are parallel to each other on the vehicle frame 1, all be set with slip wheels 52 on the every guide peg 51, described slip wheels 52 consist of by three wheels 54 are installed between two blocks of side plates 53, described guide peg 51 passes from the space that two blocks of side plates 53 and three wheels 54 surround, and described slip wheels 52 are fixed on the device for expelling ice and snow 3.
The structure of described hoisting mechanism 9 is: two the first movable pulley 55 are installed in the rear portion of described skeleton 10, two the second movable pulley 56 are installed in respectively on two slip wheels 52 in the guiding mechanism 8, lifting motor 57 and connected worm reduction gear 58 are fixed on the mounting platform 59, described mounting platform 59 is fixed on the vehicle frame 1, the first axle 60 all is positioned on the vehicle frame 1 of device for expelling ice and snow 3 tops by parallel being installed in of bearing with the second axle 61, the output of worm reduction gear 58 drives the first axle 60 by the chain transmission and rotates, the first axle 60 drives the second axle 61 by the chain transmission and rotates, the two ends of the second axle 61 are fixed with second sprocket wheel 62 separately, one end of two the second chains 63 is fixed on corresponding the second sprocket wheel 62, and the other end is fixed on the vehicle frame 1 after walking around corresponding the first movable pulley 55; The end that the two ends of described the first axle 60 are fixed with 64, two the 3rd chains 65 of the 3rd sprocket wheel separately is fixed on corresponding the 3rd sprocket wheel 64, and the other end is fixed on the vehicle frame 1 after walking around corresponding the second movable pulley 56;
Described worm reduction gear 58 is the worm reduction gear with self-locking, and described lifting motor 57 provides energy by the generator 17 in the deicing power section 7.
The course of work of the present utility model is: accumulated snow or when icing on snowing rear road surface winter, first device for expelling ice and snow 3 is mentioned by hoisting mechanism 9, and then the utility model is reached on the road surface that needs cleaning.Start diesel engine 16 and drive generators 17 generatings, if accumulated snow is less and freeze, can clearing apparatus 25 be put down by rotating the second screw mandrel 33, only use cleaning function of the present utility model; If accumulated snow freezes, then put down whole device for expelling ice and snow 3, in driver's cabin 2, adjust four by worm gear 22 and worm screw 24 and walk wheel mechanism 13, make deicing roller 12 apart from ground a suitable height be arranged, adjust simultaneously the height of clearing apparatus 25 by rotating the second screw mandrel 33, after all mixing up, driving the utility model advances, simultaneously deicing motor 15 drives deicing roller 12 rotation trash ices, and cleaning motor 28 drives ice bits and the accumulated snow after clean disk 27 cleanings are broken, until the road surface cleans out.When the road surface rises and falls or the slope is arranged, device for expelling ice and snow 3 can move relative to vehicle frame 1 by guiding mechanism 8, and can under the drive of vehicle frame 1, not break away from ground or injure ground by a crashing object, simultaneously can also in driver's cabin 2, finely tune four height of walking wheel mechanism 13 and clearing apparatus 25, reach and both clean out the road surface, do not damage again the purpose on road surface.
Wherein, when rotating the second screw mandrel 33 when the height that will adjust clearing apparatus 25, can manually realize by auxiliary effort-saving mechanism, also can realize by motor electronic.
In addition; because what adopt in the hoisting mechanism 9 is worm reduction gear 58 with self-locking; like this, when promoting device for expelling ice and snow 3, after lifting motor 57 outages; device for expelling ice and snow 3 can fix in the air by worm reduction gear 58; can not fall down again, after device for expelling ice and snow 3 is decided to live, can brake hoisting mechanism 9 with other check mechanism again; with protection worm reduction gear 58, can keep device for expelling ice and snow 3 skyborne stability simultaneously.

Claims (9)

1. road maintenance deicing machine, comprise: vehicle frame (1), driver's cabin (2), device for expelling ice and snow (3), hoisting mechanism (9), running gear (5), walking power section (6), deicing power section (7), running gear (5) is installed in vehicle frame (1) bottom, described running gear (5) is two front-wheels and two trailing wheels, walking power section (6) is installed in two trailing wheels of the upper driving of vehicle frame (1), driver's cabin (2) is installed in vehicle frame (1) top, it is characterized in that: on the vehicle frame (1) between described two trailing wheels and two front-wheels device for expelling ice and snow (3) is installed;
Described device for expelling ice and snow (3) is movably arranged on the vehicle frame (1) by guiding mechanism (8), and described guiding mechanism (8) can make device for expelling ice and snow (3) move up and down with respect to vehicle frame (1);
Also be provided with the hoisting mechanism (9) that device for expelling ice and snow (3) can be lifted from ground between described device for expelling ice and snow (3) and the vehicle frame (1);
The structure of described device for expelling ice and snow (3) is: skeleton (10) is the frame construction of right-angled trapezium and its hypotenuse near two trailing wheels, four cross bars (11) be disposed on right-angled trapezium inside with its be divided into five skies every; Four identical deicing rollers (12) of structure be staggered installation of four adjacent skies every in, the rear of each deicing roller (12) all is equipped with one and walks wheel mechanism (13); One end of described each deicing roller (12) all is equipped with a belt pulley (14) separately, and deicing motor (15) is installed on the skeleton (10), and deicing motor (15) drives synchronously rotation of four deicing rollers (12) by belt;
Described deicing power section (7) is fixed on the vehicle frame (1), and it is that a diesel engine (16) drives a generator (17), and described generator (17) provides energy for deicing motor (15);
The described structure of walking wheel mechanism (13) is: 2-4 steamboat (18) is supported on the bottom of wheel carrier (19), the lower end of the first screw mandrel (20) that vertically arranges is installed on the wheel carrier (19), and can mutually rotate between the first screw mandrel (20) and the wheel carrier (19), the upper end of the first screw mandrel (20) is fixedly connected with worm gear (22) after passing horizontally disposed clamped beam (21), two guide pads (23) by thread set on the first screw mandrel (20), and two guide pads (23) all are fixedly connected with clamped beam (21), and the two ends overlap joint of clamped beam (21) is installed on adjacent two cross bars (11); The worm screw (24) that described worm gear (22) and is installed on the skeleton (10) cooperates, and the end of worm screw (24) links to each other with the joystick of driver's cabin (2) by universal joint, connecting rod;
Four structures of walking wheel mechanism (13) are all identical.
2. a kind of road maintenance deicing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the hypotenuse side of skeleton (10) also is fixed with clearing apparatus (25) in the described device for expelling ice and snow (3), the structure of clearing apparatus (25) is: the upper equidistant interval of cleaning rack (26) is equipped with four clean disks (27), cleaning motor (28) is fixed on the cleaning rack (26), the output of cleaning motor (28) is connected by the one-level drive of belt with two clean disks (27) top, centre, and the stage transmission wheel at two other clean disk (27) top is connected with adjacent one-level drive by belt separately; Cleaning motor (28) provides energy by the generator (17) in the described deicing power section (7);
The structure of described clean disk (27) is: the upper radioactivity of circular disk body (29) fixedly has three angle steel (30), all holds many wire rope (31) with clamping plate by bolt clip on the vertical plane of every angle steel (30);
The two ends of described clearing apparatus (25) respectively are connected with skeleton (10) by a fixed mount (32), one end of fixed mount (32) is fixed on the skeleton (10), the other end of fixed mount (32) is positioned at the top of cleaning rack (26), the lower end of the second screw mandrel (33) is fixed by nut after passing cleaning rack (26), the middle part of the second screw mandrel (33) and fixed mount (32) are threaded connection, the upper end of the second screw mandrel (33) is fixed with the first sprocket wheel (34), connects by the first chain (35) between two the first sprocket wheels (34) on two fixed mounts (32).
3. a kind of road maintenance deicing machine according to claim 2 is characterized in that: drawn a stay cord (36) between described clearing apparatus (25) and the vehicle frame (1), in order to overcome the twisting resistance that forms when clean disk (27) is worked.
4. a kind of road maintenance deicing machine according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described walking in the wheel mechanism (13), the both sides, front and back of wheel carrier (19) are provided with baffle plate (37), and baffle plate (37) is embedded in the upper fixing guide groove of described skeleton (10) to keep craspedodrome.
5. a kind of road maintenance deicing machine according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the structure of described deicing roller (12) is: the axially upper of axle (38) is equipped with a plurality of chain groups (39) by the screw equi-spaced apart, each chain group (39) includes four chains, and described four chains are distributed on the circumference of axle (38).
6. a kind of road maintenance deicing machine according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described deicing roller also is equipped with a plurality of cutter heads on (12), and cutter head is fixed on the end of every chain in described a plurality of chain groups (39).
7. a kind of road maintenance deicing machine according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described running gear (5) also comprises two auxiliary wheels (40) that structure is identical, two auxiliary wheels (40) symmetry is installed in the both sides of vehicle frame (1), assists two trailing wheels and two front-wheels to support together complete machine;
The structure of described auxiliary wheels (40) is: auxiliary wheel (41) is installed on the horizontal arm of L shaped knee (42) by bearing, be set with spring pedestal (43) on the vertical arm of L shaped knee (42), spring (44) and sleeve (45), spring pedestal (43) is threaded connection on L shaped knee (42), spring (44) movable set is on L shaped knee (42), spring cup (46) is threaded connection on sleeve (45), spring (44) is compressed between spring pedestal (43) and the spring cup (46), and sleeve (45) is by junction plate (47) and be bolted on the vehicle frame (1);
L shaped knee (42) the vertically bottom of arm also is movably installed with guide strip (48), and described guide strip (48) is bolted on the vehicle frame (1);
Be fixedly connected with horizontally disposed push rod (49) on the termination of the vertical arm of described L shaped knee (42), on the vehicle frame (1) and the corresponding position of push rod (49) is fixed with vertical gathering sill (50), and the termination of described push rod (49) is arranged in gathering sill (50).
8. a kind of road maintenance deicing machine according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the structure of described guiding mechanism (8) is: be provided with two downward guide pegs (51) that are parallel to each other on the vehicle frame (1), all be set with slip wheels (52) on the every guide peg (51), described slip wheels (52) consist of by three wheels (54) are installed between two blocks of side plates (53), described guide peg (51) passes from the space that two blocks of side plates (53) and three wheels (54) surround, and described slip wheels (52) are fixed on the device for expelling ice and snow (3).
9. a kind of road maintenance deicing machine according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: the structure of described hoisting mechanism (9) is: two the first movable pulley (55) are installed in the rear portion of described skeleton (10), two the second movable pulley (56) are installed in respectively on two slip wheels (52) in the guiding mechanism (8), lifting motor (57) and connected worm reduction gear (58) are fixed on the mounting platform (59), described mounting platform (59) is fixed on the vehicle frame (1), the first axle (60) all is positioned on the vehicle frame (1) of device for expelling ice and snow (3) top by parallel being installed in of bearing with the second axle (61), the output of worm reduction gear (58) drives the first axle (60) by the chain transmission and rotates, the first axle (60) drives the second axle (61) by the chain transmission and rotates, the two ends of the second axle (61) are fixed with second sprocket wheel (62) separately, one end of two the second chains (63) is fixed on corresponding the second sprocket wheel (62), and the other end is fixed on the vehicle frame (1) after walking around corresponding the first movable pulley (55); The two ends of described the first axle (60) are fixed with the 3rd sprocket wheel (64) separately, and an end of two the 3rd chains (65) is fixed on corresponding the 3rd sprocket wheel (64), and the other end is fixed on the vehicle frame (1) after walking around corresponding the second movable pulley (56);
Described worm reduction gear (58) is the worm reduction gear with self-locking, and described lifting motor (57) provides energy by the generator (17) in the deicing power section (7).
CN 201320413748 2013-07-12 2013-07-12 Road-protecting ice and snow removing machine Expired - Fee Related CN203247535U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320413748 CN203247535U (en) 2013-07-12 2013-07-12 Road-protecting ice and snow removing machine

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CN203247535U true CN203247535U (en) 2013-10-23

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103669276A (en) * 2013-12-05 2014-03-26 重庆华世丹机械制造有限公司 Snow blower
CN107386189A (en) * 2017-08-07 2017-11-24 安徽机电职业技术学院 A kind of road snow removes special-purpose machinery head
CN108755558A (en) * 2018-05-19 2018-11-06 贵州理工学院 A kind of snow-removing ice-breaking machine

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103669276A (en) * 2013-12-05 2014-03-26 重庆华世丹机械制造有限公司 Snow blower
CN107386189A (en) * 2017-08-07 2017-11-24 安徽机电职业技术学院 A kind of road snow removes special-purpose machinery head
CN107386189B (en) * 2017-08-07 2019-11-29 宿州青果知识产权服务有限公司 A kind of road snow removing special-purpose machinery head
CN108755558A (en) * 2018-05-19 2018-11-06 贵州理工学院 A kind of snow-removing ice-breaking machine
CN108755558B (en) * 2018-05-19 2023-09-12 贵州理工学院 Snow removing and ice breaking machine

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