CN107808498A - A kind of monitoring method of landslide and the monitoring system of application this method - Google Patents

A kind of monitoring method of landslide and the monitoring system of application this method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107808498A
CN107808498A CN201711251305.XA CN201711251305A CN107808498A CN 107808498 A CN107808498 A CN 107808498A CN 201711251305 A CN201711251305 A CN 201711251305A CN 107808498 A CN107808498 A CN 107808498A
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China
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data
monitoring
landslide
massif
inclination
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CN201711251305.XA
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蒋娇娇
苟科磊
宋昌林
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HUIYUAN OPTICAL COMMUNICATION CO Ltd SICHUAN
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HUIYUAN OPTICAL COMMUNICATION CO Ltd SICHUAN
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Priority to CN201711251305.XA priority Critical patent/CN107808498A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B21/00Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal operating condition and not elsewhere provided for
    • G08B21/02Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons
    • G08B21/10Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons responsive to calamitous events, e.g. tornados or earthquakes
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08CTRANSMISSION SYSTEMS FOR MEASURED VALUES, CONTROL OR SIMILAR SIGNALS
    • G08C17/00Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link
    • G08C17/02Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link using a radio link

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of monitoring method of landslide and the monitoring system of application this method, the creative mode for being combined obliquity sensor and GPS/ Big Dipper Differential positionings monitors the motion state of massif to reach, and the judgement and early warning to landslide provide accurate initial data.Differential positioning method based on the GPS/ Big Dippeves is applied to monitoring slip mass by the present invention, the position data of the multiple monitoring points of massif is monitored simultaneously, eliminates satellite clock, satellite ephemeris, the fixed errors such as ionosphere is delayed and troposphere is delayed, greatly improve the positioning precision of the GPS/ Big Dippeves.

Description

A kind of monitoring method of landslide and the monitoring system of application this method
Technical field
The present invention relates to mountain landslide supervision field, more particularly to the monitoring method of a kind of landslide and using this method Monitoring system.
Background technology
Landslide is common natural geologic hazard, can usually cause interruption of communication, and river course blocks even large-scale people Member's injures and deaths cause heavy losses to nation-building and people's lives and properties, monitor massif state in real time, and issue landslide early warning letter Breath is significant to preventing and reducing natural disasters.Existing mountain landslide supervision method, more using obliquity sensor, rain sensor, Soil moisture sensor, the overall status of massif is monitored, to predict disaster of mountain massif coast.But above-mentioned monitoring method is due to uncertain Factor is more, it is necessary to which the data of substantial amounts of landslide case establish anticipation model as support, and need the fortune of complexity Calculation method and decision logic, the monitoring to landslide could be realized, while the precision monitored is poor.
In order to solve the above problems, the present invention proposes a kind of monitoring method of landslide and the monitoring system of application this method System.
The content of the invention
The present invention proposes a kind of monitoring method of landslide and the monitoring system of application this method.Bred from landslide Process is started with, and observation physical phenomenon obtains raw information, is scientifically done in research idea from landslide source, by infomation detection Deeply, key landslide information is analyzed and processed, and new viewpoint is merged on the basis of former achievements, with micromechanics Electronics, information, computer technology, it is creative by obliquity sensor and GPS/ north based on GPS/ Big Dipper differential positions The mode that bucket Differential positioning is combined monitors the motion state of massif to reach, and it is accurate that the judgement and early warning to landslide provide Initial data.
Obliquity sensor:The change at landslide location inclination angle is surveyed, is made up of micromechanics electronic module, its electric signal output size Reflect the change at slip mass inclination angle.
GPS/ Big Dipper Differential positionings:The GPRS/3G/4G or wireless data chain that are carried by module is received come self difference The differential data of data, services, is modified to current location.Positioning is using GPS/ Big Dipper Differential positioning methods are based on, to eliminate Satellite clock, satellite ephemeris, the fixed error such as ionosphere delay and troposphere delay.Greatly improve the positioning accurate of the GPS/ Big Dippeves Degree.The high elaborate position data of massif monitoring point in space can be learnt according to output information.
Obliquity sensor combines with GPS/ Big Dipper differential position systems forms monitoring node, and a supporting GPRS/3G/4G Communication and solar power supply apparatus.More group nodes, the change procedure on real time comprehensive monitoring landslide are laid in slip mass.At interval of Inclination value of certain time wake-up master system acquisition and position data, it will be sensed using GPRS/3G/4G wireless transmission methods Device is transferred to analyzing and alarming system in data set in the both the above monitoring information that slopes obtain, analyzing and alarming system in data set By the inclination data of upload using abscissa as the time, ordinate is respectively that one group of two dimension trend curve is drawn at inclination angle.By positional number Abscissa is the time according to this, further according to positional information drawing three-dimensional space coordinates.Can intuitively it be seen according to two groups of trend curves To the geographical change situation of monitoring point.Threshold value of warning can be set manually according to landslide soil body movement characteristic, newest inclination angle is set Sampled value deviates more than certain number of degrees relative to initial value, and position is deviateed more than certain distance, and system gives early warning letter at once Number.And early warning system can collect multiple areas simultaneously, multiple slope sections, the information of multiple monitoring points, mass data is in early warning system Collect, not only act as monitoring and warning effect and be also available for inquiring about, geological analysis, Geological assessment provides initial data.With reference to each slope Section data of monitoring point analysis can estimate the location whether have the possibility to come down and prejudge landslide scope and can The extent of injury caused by energy.It is convenient for people to make corresponding precautionary measures in time, avoids the generation of tragedy.
Host computer system is usually in battery saving mode, and modules enter resting state, and timing wake-up collection uploads a number According to immediately entering battery saving mode after the completion of upload.System is solar continuous to be charged for battery using solar powered, is stored Electricity is available for equipment to be worked more than 3 months in rainy weather.User need not consider further that powerup issue.
Specifically, the present invention monitors massif by the way of obliquity sensor and GPS/ Big Dipper Differential positionings are combined Motion state, an inclination value and position data are gathered at interval of certain time wake-up master, when the inclination value and position that monitor When putting data while occurring abnormal, the alarm signal of landslide is sent.
This method monitors multiple regional multiple massifs simultaneously, and the diverse location in each massif sets multigroup different Monitoring point, each monitoring point set at least 3 groups of obliquity sensors and GPS/ Big Dipper Differential positioning modules, analysis and early warning in data set Module obtains real time data of the average value of at least 3 groups Monitoring Datas of each monitoring point as the monitoring point automatically, described to incline In main frame, the outer surface of main frame is equipped with waterproof, anti-corrosion mechanism, main frame for angle transducer and GPS/ Big Dipper Differential positionings module Inside is provided with wireless communication module, and the real time information of multiple regional, multiple massifs is established into a database using wireless network, For inquiry and data analysis.
Further, the multiple monitoring points set on same massif and non-uniform Distribution, the prison that hill-side opening position is set Measuring point quantity will be more than other regions near hill-side, in addition to the position of hill-side, closer to the setting of the position on massif top The quantity of monitoring point will generally be more than the quantity closer to the monitoring point of the position of massif bottom, in other words, closer to massif The position on top, monitoring point set more intensive.Such as:For larger massif, the setting of monitoring point quantity can be according to height above sea level Height averagely successively decreases successively, then can be according to the true form of massif, it then follows adjacent for the approximate massif that centrum shape is presented The rule that spacing distance between monitoring point increases successively according to the order of height above sea level from high to low, while opening position is set on the hillside Monitoring point quantity will be more than hill-side near other regions.
This method utilizes analyzing and alarming system in data set to establish using the time as the inclination data of axis of abscissas and space seat The curve map of data is marked, analyzing and alarming system voluntarily sets the combined threshold value of two groups of data of early warning in the data set, distal end The data image of the real-time display massif on three-dimensional animation display screen, alarm signal is sent when two groups of data exceed threshold value simultaneously Number;System summarizes the real time information of how regional, multiple slopes section, multiple monitoring points, and mass data is collected in early warning system, not only Play monitoring and warning effect to be also available for inquiring about, geological analysis, and initial data is provided for the Geological assessment of each department.
In order to increase the accuracy that landslide is judged using above-mentioned monitoring method, this method will also monitor each mountain simultaneously The data such as mountain deformation speed, geological stratification vibration amplitude and the geological stratification liquid level of body, for feeding back, correcting the accurate of monitoring result Property, and aided synthesis judges the warning grade of landslide.
Main frame uses solar cell for supplying power, and main frame timing wake-up gathers and uploads a data, each after the completion of upload Module enters park mode, to save power consumption.When the inclination value that monitors is abnormal, position data is normal, or inclination value it is normal, During position data exception, pre-warning signal is not sent, but shorten the interval time of wake-up master gathered data;Go out when in a certain area When landslide occurs for existing at least one massif, increase main frame other in this area does not occur the number of the massif of landslide According to frequency acquisition, and carry out early warning work early stage.
The present invention also provides a kind of mountain landslide supervision system using above-mentioned monitoring method, including is analyzed in data set pre- Alert system, host computer system and solar electric power supply system, wherein, host computer system includes dip module, GPS/ Big Dipper Differential positioning moulds Block and data acquisition unit, host computer system are also built-in with communication module, and the communication module can pass through GPRS/3G/4G communication modes The data that host computer system gathers are sent to analyzing and alarming system in the data set, analyzing and alarming system will in the data set Inclination data and position data are depicted as using the time as the inclination data of axis of abscissas and the curve map of spatial data, described Analyzing and alarming system carries out data analysis and early warning according to real-time inclination data and position data in data set, while by data Store and establish the database of the geologic data including multiple regional, multiple massifs, for inquiry and geological analysis.
Further, host computer system also include mountain deformation speed monitoring modular, geological stratification vibration amplitude monitoring modular and Geological stratification level monitoring module, for feeding back, correcting the accuracy of monitoring result, and aided synthesis judges the early warning of landslide Grade.
Analyzing and alarming system and meteorological observatory, TV station, radio station, traffic, the emergent place of natural calamity in the data set Automatic poking line is provided between reason department to connect, when analyzing and alarming system judges that landslide occurs for a certain massif in data set, Automatically it can send landslide early-warning signal with above-mentioned unit line, report landslide position coordinates, warning grade, just Handled in timely reply.
The mountain landslide supervision system can be additionally used in dam safety monitoring, slope of highway monitoring, tunnel subsidence monitoring.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1st, first by GPS/ Big Dipper Differential positionings mode for detecting landslide, satellite clock, satellite ephemeris, ionization are eliminated The fixed error such as layer delay and troposphere delay, obtains high-precision positional information, and accurate original is provided for data analysis system Beginning data.
2nd, landslide is monitored by the way of GPS/ Big Dippeves Differential positioning and obliquity sensor are combined, is slided for massif The judgement on slope is direct, it is not necessary to which substantial amounts of landslide data are as model support, it is not necessary to complicated operation method and judgement Logic, it is not necessary to consider interfering between many factors.
3rd, Original Architectural Design two kinds of sensors obtain landslide preparation process information:Inclination angle and positional information, fully profit With new technologies such as modern microelectronic, micro electronmechanical, electromagnetism and GPS/ Big Dipper Differential positionings.
4th, the information for being obtained the multiple slopes slopes in multiple areas, slopes different monitoring points using modern wireless network technology It is automatic to collect simultaneously comprehensive analysis warning, establish big data system;Analyzing and alarming system is established using the time as horizontal stroke in data set The inclination data of reference axis and the curve map of spatial data, the datagram of the real-time display massif on three-dimensional animation display screen Picture, data are directly perceived, realize man-machine interaction.
5th, equipment is operated in the battery saving mode that interruption wakes up, and uses solar powered mode, without artificial power transmission, saves Manpower and resource, it is green.When monitoring that partial data is abnormal or nearby massif has landslide phenomenon, shorten each The interval time of wake-up, improve the judgement precision in landslide possibility higher period.
6th, analysis and early warning module and meteorological observatory, TV station, radio station, traffic, natural calamity emergency processing in data set It is provided with automatic poking line between department to connect, when host computer system judges that landslide occurs for a certain massif, the meeting very first time is automatic With above-mentioned unit line, landslide early-warning signal is sent, reports position coordinates, the warning grade of landslide, massif is slided The reply on slope and calamity post processing are more timely.
7th, for each massif, the data such as mountain deformation speed, geological stratification vibration amplitude and geological stratification liquid level are also monitored, The warning grade of landslide is judged for aided synthesis, corrects the judged result based on inclination data and position data, is improved Monitoring accuracy.
8th, the multiple monitoring points set on same massif and non-uniform Distribution, closer to the setting of the position on massif top Monitoring point quantity generally will be more than closer to the monitoring point of the position of massif bottom quantity, in other words, closer to mountain The position on body top, monitoring point setting is more intensive, while meets that the monitoring point quantity of hill-side opening position is more than its near hill-side His region;The monitoring result of above-mentioned set-up mode is accurate, and cost-effective.
9th, wide adaptation range and there is good promotion prospect, works design the lineament and money for having taken into full account mountain area Source condition, simple installation, operated without professional, and cost is low, can extensively lay and be applied to the village in mountain area, occupies Massif near people area, important railway and highway etc., has a extensive future.System have low cost, the long-life, simple installation, It is simple to operate, the features such as automatic early-warning, its popularization and application remarkable in economical benefits.The achievement in research of this works is slided to improving massif The early prediction on slope and working level of preventing and reducing natural disasters have important social benefit meaning.
10th, same monitoring scheme can be additionally used in dam safety monitoring, slope of highway monitoring, and tunnel subsidence etc. needs to monitor Situations such as movement of geology soil is caved in.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure chart of the mountain landslide supervision system based on obliquity sensor and GPS/ Big Dipper Differential positionings;
Fig. 2 is the workflow diagram of mountain landslide supervision system in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the differential calibration block diagram of GPS/ Big Dipper Differential positioning modules in way 1.
Embodiment
In order to which technical characteristic, purpose and the effect of the present invention is more clearly understood, now control illustrates this hair Bright embodiment.
As shown in figure 1, the present invention provides a kind of mountain landslide supervision based on GPS Big Dippeves Differential positioning and obliquity sensor Analyzing and alarming system, host computer system and solar electric power supply system in monitoring system, including data set, wherein, host computer system includes Dip module, GPS/ Big Dipper Differential positioning modules and data acquisition unit, host computer system are also built-in with communication module, the communication mould The data that host computer system gathers can be sent to analyzing and alarming system in the data set by block by GPRS/3G/4G communication modes, Inclination data and position data are depicted as the inclination data using the time as axis of abscissas by analyzing and alarming system in the data set With the curve map of spatial data, analyzing and alarming system enters according to real-time inclination data and position data in the data set Row data analysis and early warning, at the same by data storage and establish include multiple regional, multiple massifs geologic data database, For inquiry and geological analysis.
From landslide, preparation process is started with, observation physical phenomenon obtain raw information, research idea on scientifically from Landslide source is done, and is goed deep into by infomation detection, key landslide information is analyzed and processed, and on the basis of former achievements The new viewpoint of upper fusion, it is creative based on GPS/ Big Dipper differential positions with micromechanics electronics, information, computer technology The mode for being combined obliquity sensor and GPS/ Big Dipper Differential positionings reach monitoring massif motion state, to massif slide The judgement and early warning on slope provide accurate initial data.
Obliquity sensor:The change at landslide location inclination angle is surveyed, is made up of micromechanics electronic module, its electric signal output size Reflect the change at slip mass inclination angle.
GPS/ Big Dipper Differential positionings:The GPRS/3G/4G or wireless data chain that are carried by module is received come self difference The differential data of data, services, is modified to current location.Differential calibration step such as Fig. 3 of GPS/ Big Dipper Differential positioning modules It is shown, based on the Differential positioning method, satellite clock can be eliminated, satellite ephemeris, ionosphere delay and troposphere delay etc. are solid Determine error, greatly improve the positioning precision of the GPS/ Big Dippeves.It can learn massif monitoring point in space according to output information High elaborate position data.
Obliquity sensor combines with GPS/ Big Dipper differential position systems forms monitoring node, and a supporting GPRS/3G/4G Communication and solar power supply apparatus.More group nodes, the change procedure on real time comprehensive monitoring landslide are laid in slip mass.At interval of Inclination value of certain time wake-up master system acquisition and position data, it will be sensed using GPRS/3G/4G wireless transmission methods Device is transferred to analyzing and alarming system in data set in the both the above monitoring information that slopes obtain, analyzing and alarming system in data set By the inclination data of upload using abscissa as the time, ordinate is respectively that one group of two dimension trend curve is drawn at inclination angle.By positional number Abscissa is the time according to this, further according to positional information drawing three-dimensional space coordinates.Can intuitively it be seen according to two groups of trend curves To the geographical change situation of monitoring point.Threshold value of warning can be set manually according to landslide soil body movement characteristic, newest inclination angle is set Sampled value deviates more than certain number of degrees relative to initial value, and position is deviateed more than certain distance, and system gives early warning letter at once Number.And early warning system can collect multiple areas simultaneously, multiple slope sections, the information of multiple monitoring points, mass data is in early warning system Collect, not only act as monitoring and warning effect and be also available for inquiring about, geological analysis, Geological assessment provides initial data.With reference to each slope Section data of monitoring point analysis can estimate the location whether have the possibility to come down and prejudge landslide scope and can The extent of injury caused by energy.It is convenient for people to make corresponding precautionary measures in time, avoids the generation of tragedy.
Host computer system also includes mountain deformation speed monitoring modular, geological stratification vibration amplitude monitoring modular and geological stratification liquid level Monitoring modular, for feeding back, correcting the accuracy of monitoring result, and aided synthesis judges the warning grade of landslide.
Analysis and early warning module and meteorological observatory, TV station, radio station, traffic, the emergent place of natural calamity in the data set Automatic poking line is provided between reason department to connect, when host computer system judges that landslide occurs for a certain massif, understand automatically with it is above-mentioned Unit line, landslide early-warning signal is sent, report position coordinates, the warning grade of landslide, be easy at timely reply Reason.
Host computer system is usually in battery saving mode, and modules enter resting state, and timing wake-up collection uploads a number According to immediately entering battery saving mode after the completion of upload.System is solar continuous to be charged for battery using solar powered, is stored Electricity is available for equipment to be worked more than 3 months in rainy weather.User need not consider further that powerup issue.
As shown in Fig. 2 the present invention proposes a kind of mountain landslide supervision based on GPS Big Dippeves Differential positioning and obliquity sensor Monitoring method, the motion state of massif is monitored by the way of obliquity sensor and GPS/ Big Dipper Differential positionings are combined, often Separated in time wake-up master gathers an inclination value and position data, " at interval of certain time " described here, monitoring Personnel can rationally be set as the case may be, and restriction must be the time interval of some determination.When what is monitored inclines When angle value and position data occur abnormal simultaneously, the alarm signal of landslide is sent.This method monitors multiple regional simultaneously Multiple massifs, the diverse location in each massif set multigroup different monitoring point, and each monitoring point sets at least 3 groups of inclination angles Sensor and GPS/ Big Dipper Differential positioning modules, analysis and early warning module obtains at least 3 groups of each monitoring point automatically in data set Real time data of the average value of Monitoring Data as the monitoring point, obliquity sensor and the GPS/ Big Dipper Differential positioning module are set In in main frame, the outer surface of main frame is equipped with waterproof, anti-corrosion mechanism, is provided with wireless communication module inside main frame, utilizes wireless network The real time information of multiple regional, multiple massifs is established a database by network, for inquiry and data analysis.
Further, the multiple monitoring points set on same massif and non-uniform Distribution, closer to massif top The quantity for the monitoring point that position is set will generally be more than the quantity closer to the monitoring point of the position of massif bottom, in other words, Closer to the position on massif top, monitoring point sets more intensive.Such as:For larger massif, the setting of monitoring point quantity can Averagely to successively decrease successively according to height above sea level height;The shape of approximate centrum is presented in view of part massif, is monitored for such massif Point setting then can be according to the true form of massif, it then follows the spacing distance between adjacent monitoring point according to height above sea level from high to low The rule that increases successively of order, while the monitoring point quantity that opening position is set on the hillside will be more than other areas near hill-side Domain.
This method utilizes analyzing and alarming system in data set to establish using the time as the inclination data of axis of abscissas and space seat The curve map of data is marked, analyzing and alarming system voluntarily sets the combined threshold value of two groups of data of early warning in the data set, distal end The data image of the real-time display massif on three-dimensional animation display screen, alarm signal is sent when two groups of data exceed threshold value simultaneously Number;System summarizes the real time information of how regional, multiple slopes section, multiple monitoring points, and mass data is collected in early warning system, not only Play monitoring and warning effect to be also available for inquiring about, geological analysis, and initial data is provided for the Geological assessment of each department.
Main frame uses solar cell for supplying power, and main frame timing wake-up gathers and uploads a data, each after the completion of upload Module enters park mode, to save power consumption.When the inclination value that monitors is abnormal, position data is normal, or inclination value it is normal, During position data exception, pre-warning signal is not sent, but shorten the interval time of wake-up master gathered data;Go out when in a certain area When landslide occurs for existing at least one massif, increase main frame other in this area does not occur the number of the massif of landslide According to frequency acquisition, and carry out early warning work early stage.
In order to increase the accuracy that landslide is judged using above-mentioned monitoring method, this method will also monitor each mountain simultaneously The data such as mountain deformation speed, geological stratification vibration amplitude and the geological stratification liquid level of body, for feeding back, correcting the accurate of monitoring result Property, and aided synthesis judges the warning grade of landslide.
Analyzing and alarming system and meteorological observatory, TV station, radio station, traffic, natural calamity emergency processing portion in data set Automatic poking line is provided between to connect, can be certainly when analyzing and alarming system judges that landslide occurs for a certain massif in data set It is dynamic to send landslide early-warning signal, report position coordinates, the warning grade of landslide with above-mentioned unit line, be easy to and When reply handle.
This method can be additionally used in dam safety monitoring, slope of highway monitoring, tunnel subsidence monitoring.
It should be noted that for foregoing each embodiment of the method, in order to be briefly described, therefore it is all expressed as to a system The combination of actions of row, but those skilled in the art should know, the application is not limited by described sequence of movement, because For according to the application, certain some step can use other orders or carry out simultaneously.Secondly, those skilled in the art also should Know, embodiment described in this description belongs to preferred embodiment, involved action and unit not necessarily this Shen Please be necessary.
In the above-described embodiments, the description to each embodiment all emphasizes particularly on different fields, and is not described in some embodiment Part, may refer to the associated description of other embodiment.
Above disclosure is only preferred embodiment of present invention, can not limit the right model of the present invention with this certainly Enclose, therefore the equivalent variations made according to the claims in the present invention, still belong to the scope that the present invention is covered.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of monitoring method of landslide, it is characterised in that mutually tied with GPS/ Big Dippeves Differential positioning using obliquity sensor The mode of conjunction monitors the motion state of massif, and inclination value and position data are gathered at interval of certain time wake-up master, When the inclination value and position data that monitor while when occurring abnormal, the alarm signal of landslide is sent.
2. the monitoring method of landslide according to claim 1, it is characterised in that this method monitors multiple areas simultaneously Multiple massifs, diverse location in each massif sets multigroup different monitoring point, and each monitoring point sets at least 3 groups and inclined Angle transducer and GPS/ Big Dipper Differential positioning modules, analysis and early warning module obtains at least the 3 of each monitoring point automatically in data set Real time data of the average value of group Monitoring Data as the monitoring point, obliquity sensor and the GPS/ Big Dipper Differential positioning module In main frame, the outer surface of main frame is equipped with waterproof, anti-corrosion mechanism, and wireless communication module is provided with inside main frame, using wireless The real time information of multiple regional, multiple massifs is established a database by network, for inquiry and Analysing Geological Data.
3. the monitoring method of landslide according to claim 2, it is characterised in that this method utilizes to be analyzed in data set Early warning system is established using the time as the inclination data of axis of abscissas and the curve map of spatial data, is analyzed in the data set Early warning system voluntarily sets the combined threshold value of two groups of data of early warning, the real-time display massif on the three-dimensional animation display screen of distal end Data image, alarm signal is sent when two groups of data exceed threshold value simultaneously.
4. the monitoring method of landslide according to claim 1, it is characterised in that main frame is supplied using solar cell Electricity, main frame timing wake-up gather and upload a data, and modules enter park mode after the completion of upload, to save electricity consumption Amount.
5. the monitoring method of landslide according to claim 1, it is characterised in that when the inclination value that monitors is abnormal, Position data is normal, or when inclination value is normal, position data is abnormal, does not send pre-warning signal, but shortens wake-up master collection number According to interval time.
6. the monitoring method of landslide according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the multiple prisons set on same massif Measuring point and non-uniform Distribution, to be generally more than in the quantity closer to the monitoring point of the position on massif top setting closer to mountain The quantity of the monitoring point of the position of body bottom, while meet the monitoring point quantity of hill-side opening position more than other areas near hill-side Domain.
7. a kind of mountain landslide supervision system, it is characterised in that any in mountain landslide supervision system application claim 1-6 Monitoring method described in, including analyzing and alarming system, host computer system and solar electric power supply system in data set, wherein, main frame System includes dip module, GPS/ Big Dipper Differential positioning modules and data acquisition unit, host computer system and is also built-in with communication module, institute State communication module and the data that host computer system gathers can be sent in the data set by GPRS/3G/4G communication modes and analyzed Early warning system, inclination data and position data are depicted as using the time as axis of abscissas by analyzing and alarming system in the data set The curve map of inclination data and spatial data, analyzing and alarming system is according to real-time inclination data and position in the data set Put data and carry out data analysis and early warning, while data storage and establishing is included to the geologic data of multiple regional, multiple massifs Database, for inquiry and geological analysis.
8. mountain landslide supervision system according to claim 7, it is characterised in that host computer system also includes mountain deformation speed Rate monitoring modular, geological stratification vibration amplitude monitoring modular and geological stratification level monitoring module, above three monitoring modular are monitored To data be used for feeding back and judging the accuracy based on the monitoring result obtained by inclination data and position data, and aided synthesis Prejudge the warning grade of landslide.
9. mountain landslide supervision system according to claim 7, it is characterised in that analyzing and alarming system in the data set It is connected between meteorological observatory, TV station, radio station, traffic, natural calamity emergency processing department provided with automatic poking line, works as data When concentrating the analyzing and alarming system to judge that landslide occurs for a certain massif, understand automatically with above-mentioned meteorological observatory, TV station, radio station, friendship Alert department, natural calamity emergency processing department line, send landslide early-warning signal, report landslide position coordinates, Warning grade, it is easy to timely reply to handle.
10. according to the mountain landslide supervision system described in claim any one of 7-9, it is characterised in that the monitoring system may be used also For dam safety monitoring, slope of highway monitoring, tunnel subsidence monitoring.
CN201711251305.XA 2017-12-01 2017-12-01 A kind of monitoring method of landslide and the monitoring system of application this method Pending CN107808498A (en)

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CN108597166A (en) * 2018-03-22 2018-09-28 广东长亨石业有限公司 A kind of stone pit safety monitoring system and method
CN109489541A (en) * 2018-11-14 2019-03-19 中国铁路沈阳局集团有限公司科学技术研究所 Railway slope deformation monitoring and analysis system based on Beidou measuring technique
CN110468854A (en) * 2019-07-16 2019-11-19 重庆大学 A kind of quick emergence control method in landslide
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