CN105844858A - GNSS landslide monitoring and early warning system - Google Patents

GNSS landslide monitoring and early warning system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105844858A
CN105844858A CN201610201444.0A CN201610201444A CN105844858A CN 105844858 A CN105844858 A CN 105844858A CN 201610201444 A CN201610201444 A CN 201610201444A CN 105844858 A CN105844858 A CN 105844858A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
monitoring
subsystem
early warning
data
gnss
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CN201610201444.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
卢康
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南信大影像技术工程(苏州)有限公司
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Priority to CN201610201444.0A priority Critical patent/CN105844858A/en
Publication of CN105844858A publication Critical patent/CN105844858A/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B21/00Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal operating condition and not elsewhere provided for
    • G08B21/02Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons
    • G08B21/10Alarms for ensuring the safety of persons responsive to calamitous events, e.g. tornados or earthquakes

Abstract

The invention discloses a GNSS (global navigation satellite system) landslide monitoring and early warning system, comprising a monitoring subsystem, a data center subsystem, an early warning subsystem client and a communication network, wherein the monitoring subsystem, the data center subsystem and the early warning subsystem client are in communication connection through the communication network; the monitoring subsystem transmits monitoring data to the data center subsystem in real time; the data center subsystem processes the monitoring data; a user can access to the data center subsystem to obtain real time data through the early warning subsystem client. According to the mode, the GNSS landslide monitoring and early warning system integrates a data acquisition system and a data processing system, combines data acquisition, transmission, storage and processing, can realize real time monitoring under various weather conditions, and possesses the advantages of all weather, high precision and full automation.

Description

GNSS Landslide monitoring and early warning system
Technical field
The present invention relates to intellectual monitoring and early warning system, particularly relate to a kind of GNSS landslide monitoring and early warning system.
Background technology
The advanced technologies such as the Big Dipper/GPS/GLONASS Technique of Satellite Navigation and Positioning, sensor, radio network technique, computer technology are integrated based on GNSS landslide monitoring and early warning system, can be monitored in real time, quickly, accurately and efficiently to Landslide Hazards and early warning, by network, each subsystem can be carried out the remote control management simultaneously, automatically issued various early warning information by network, form the integrated Landslide Hazards monitoring of the advanced technologies such as the intelligentized GNSS of complete set, sensor, wireless network, computer and early warning system.It is applied to landslide monitoring and early warning by integrated for current advanced technology, to effectively overcome deficiency and the defect of existing plant quarantine, providing for Landslide Hazards is a kind of GNSS, wireless network, the intellectuality of sensor integration, the real-time monitoring of networking and early warning system.Along with the successful Application of this system, it not only has good market prospect and huge market scale, and will drive the development of the related industries such as GNSS, sensor, network communication equipment.
According to Ministry of Land and Resources of China statistics, Kuomintang-Communist spot matter disaster more than 30000 in 2010, causing 2246 people dead, 669 people are missing, 534 people are injured, cause direct economic loss 63.9 hundred million yuan.Along with developing rapidly of China's economy and deeply implementing of people-oriented spirit, the Chinese government the most all puts into substantial amounts of special fund and especially comes down all kinds of geological disasters and prevent and treat, in the urgent need to a set of can quickly, accurately Landslide Hazards be monitored and the intellectuality of early warning, networked system.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that present invention mainly solves is to provide a kind of GNSS landslide monitoring and early warning system, data collecting system is integrated in one with data handling system, by the collection of data, transmit, store and Treatment Analysis integration, this system possesses the ability realizing in real time monitoring in a variety of weather conditions, have round-the-clock, in high precision, the advantage such as full-automatic.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the technical scheme that the present invention uses is: provide a kind of GNSS landslide monitoring and early warning system, including monitoring subsystem, described monitoring subsystem includes monitoring point, datum mark and video surveillance point, for gathering the observation data in landslide areas and monitoring periphery bad border in real time;Data center subsystem, datum mark in receiving and dispatching monitoring subsystem and the observation data of monitoring point, it is analyzed process and obtains warning data, and according to warning data, sending early warning signal, data center subsystem also receives video signal simultaneously, is analyzed process by photogrammetric technology and obtains warning data, and according to warning data, send early warning signal;Early warning subsystem client, receives the early warning signal that sends of data center subsystem and carries out early warning process;And communication network, for providing network service between monitoring subsystem, data center subsystem and early warning subsystem, communication connection is carried out by network service between described monitoring subsystem, data center subsystem and early warning subsystem client, by monitoring subsystem by Monitoring Data real-time Transmission to data center subsystem, being analyzed processing to Monitoring Data by data center subsystem, user accesses the real time data in data center subsystem by early warning subsystem client.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, described monitoring point and datum mark are equipped with GNSS antenna, GNSS receiver, various kinds of sensors and electric supply installation, and described video surveillance point is provided with IP Camera.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, described GNSS receiver uses GNSS tri-system eight frequency receiver, and described three systems are China's Beidou satellite navigation system, american global positioning system and russian glonass;Described eight frequencies are the B1/B2/B3 wave band of BDS, the L1/L2/L5 wave band of GPS and the G1/G2 wave band of GLONASS.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, described various kinds of sensors includes inclination sensor, soil moisture probe and pluviometer.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, described electric supply installation is solar generator or wind-driven generator.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, described data center subsystem is provided with CORS rack, server, CORS base station and the data center software that mutual communication connects.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, described early warning subsystem client is provided with pc client, mobile client and emergency repair client, and described early warning subsystem client receives early warning signal that data center subsystem sends and carries out early warning process.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the communication form of described communication network includes Ethernet cable network or 3G/4G, WIFI wireless network two kinds.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the GNSS landslide monitoring of the present invention and early warning system, based on the Big Dipper/GPS, GIS, terminal development, network transmits, the deformation monitor information acquisition technique of being integrated in one of multielement bar such as computer and network communications technology, data processing technique based on multi-mode monitoring and method, in real time the safety information on landslide can be passed to data center, data center administrator early warning in time on this basis, data collecting system is integrated in one by this system with data handling system, by the collection of data, transmission, storage and Treatment Analysis integration, possesses the ability realizing monitoring in real time in a variety of weather conditions, have round-the-clock, in high precision, the advantage such as full-automatic.
Accompanying drawing explanation
For the technical scheme being illustrated more clearly that in the embodiment of the present invention, in describing embodiment below, the required accompanying drawing used is briefly described, apparently, accompanying drawing in describing below is only some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, on the premise of not paying creative work, it is also possible to obtain other accompanying drawing according to these accompanying drawings, wherein:
Fig. 1 is the structured flowchart of GNSS landslide monitoring of the present invention and a preferred embodiment of early warning system;
Fig. 2 is that GNSS landslide monitoring arranges schematic diagram with monitoring station in early warning system;
Fig. 3 is the GNSS continuous operational monitoring station schematic diagram of GNSS landslide monitoring and early warning system;
Fig. 4 is the operating structure figure of GNSS landslide monitoring and early warning system.
Detailed description of the invention
Technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, all other embodiments that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under not making creative work premise, broadly fall into the scope of protection of the invention.
As it is shown in figure 1, the embodiment of the present invention includes:
A kind of GNSS landslide monitoring and early warning system, including monitoring subsystem, described monitoring subsystem includes monitoring point, datum mark and video surveillance point, for gathering the observation data in landslide areas and monitoring periphery bad border in real time;Data center subsystem, datum mark in receiving and dispatching monitoring subsystem and the observation data of monitoring point, it is analyzed process and obtains warning data, and according to warning data, sending early warning signal, data center subsystem also receives video signal simultaneously, is analyzed process by photogrammetric technology and obtains warning data, and according to warning data, send early warning signal;Early warning subsystem client, receives the early warning signal that sends of data center subsystem and carries out early warning process;And communication network, for providing network service between monitoring subsystem, data center subsystem and early warning subsystem, communication connection is carried out by network service between described monitoring subsystem, data center subsystem and early warning subsystem client, by monitoring subsystem by Monitoring Data real-time Transmission to data center subsystem, being analyzed processing to Monitoring Data by data center subsystem, user accesses the real time data in data center subsystem by early warning subsystem client.
In above-mentioned, described monitoring point and datum mark are equipped with GNSS antenna, GNSS receiver, various kinds of sensors and electric supply installation, and described video surveillance point is provided with IP Camera.Wherein, described various kinds of sensors includes inclination sensor, soil moisture probe and pluviometer;Described electric supply installation is solar generator or wind-driven generator.
In monitoring point: described GNSS antenna is used for receiving satellite-signal, satellite signal transit to described GNSS receiver is carried out Differential positioning;Described inclination sensor is the inclination conditions detector of monitoring station;Described soil moisture probe is Soil Water Content detector;Described rainfall is calculated as monitoring the instrument of actual rainfall, and according to carrying out rainfall statistics per hour, precision is up to 0.1 millimeter.
In datum mark: described GNSS antenna is used for receiving satellite-signal, by satellite signal transit to described GNSS receiver, described GNSS receiver produce difference information;Described inclination sensor is the inclination conditions detector of monitoring station;Described soil moisture probe is Soil Water Content detector;Described rainfall is calculated as monitoring the instrument of actual rainfall, and according to carrying out rainfall statistics per hour, precision is up to 0.1 millimeter.
Wherein, described GNSS receiver uses GNSS tri-system eight frequency receiver, and described three systems are China's Beidou satellite navigation system (English abbreviation " BDS "), american global positioning system (English abbreviation " GPS "), russian glonass (English abbreviation " GLONASS ");Described eight frequencies are the B1/B2/B3 wave band of BDS, the L1/L2/L5 wave band of GPS, the G1/G2 wave band of GLONASS.
Described IP Camera is used for purpose monitoring point and the perimeter security of datum mark, by network real-time Transmission monitoring point and the monitor video of datum mark.
Further, described data center subsystem is provided with CORS rack, server, CORS base station and the data center software that mutual communication connects.Described CORS rack obtains a kind of safe, professional rack for placing data center server hardware system;The monitoring information that described server is collected for storage, is provided with the Slip moinitoring module classified monitoring system data, process, analyze, precipitation analysis and prediction module and expert decision-making and warning module;Described CORS base station is for sending differential data information to GNSS receiver;Described data center software is to develop based on GIS technology, for the monitoring information collected is carried out Treatment Analysis, founding mathematical models, intuitively shows and generates all kinds of graphic result.
Described early warning subsystem client is provided with pc client, mobile client and emergency repair client, and described early warning subsystem client receives early warning signal that data center subsystem sends and carries out early warning process.
The communication form of described communication network includes Ethernet cable network or 3G/4G, WIFI wireless network two kinds.
As in figure 2 it is shown, be that GNSS landslide monitoring arranges schematic diagram with monitoring station in early warning system, the present invention includes monitoring subsystem, data center subsystem, early warning subsystem client and network communication.
Wherein, monitoring subsystem includes GNSS continuous operational monitoring station and discontinuous real-time monitoring station.
GNSS continuous operational monitoring station comprises GNSS receiver, the GNSS antenna of geodesic survey type, ups power, feeder line, dipmeter, solar panel, forced centering apparatus, IP Camera, instrument and equipment case and pertinent instruments support, observation pier.The GNSS antenna feeder line being erected at observation pier top portion forced centering apparatus connects the GNSS interface of CORS receiver.In the present embodiment, GNSS receiver uses the KBM1001 series GNSS monitoring special receiver of independent development, it is provided that within 24 hours, uninterruptedly monitors service, and the most uninterruptedly uploads observation data to monitoring subsystem.Continuous real-time monitoring station is laid in survey line key position respectively, real-time tracking, gather, transmit, store GNSS satellite data, the differential data that real-time reception monitoring subsystem provides, realize network RTK, and the data observed by receiver by multiple network (optical fiber, GPRS, 3G, WIFI) upload to monitoring subsystem.
Discontinuous real-time monitoring station includes the various kinds of sensors equipment such as pluviometer, soil moisture probe.Various kinds of sensors is connected to above the GNSS receiver of independent development with the form of serial ports, by the relevant monitoring information of data center's software design patterns sensor of data center subsystem, the data that sensor observed by multiple network (optical fiber, GPRS, 3G, WIFI) can be passed through and upload to data center subsystem.
nullAs shown in Figure 3,GNSS continuous operational monitoring station schematic diagram for GNSS landslide monitoring Yu early warning system,This observation pier is that the cast of concrete wire pole concrete forms,Concrete wire pole height is not less than 4m,It is usually no more than 5m,Foundation ditch a size of 1.5m × 1.5m × 1.5m,Concrete wire pole keeps vertical erection in foundation ditch,And place the pvc pipe of an a diameter of 200mm to deposit dipmeter at its side,Pour into a mould with cement again,It is poured at electric pole overhead 1m,Forced centering apparatus is installed at concrete wire pole top,On the base plate central point of forced centering apparatus, band rotates screw thread or bayonet socket,GNSS antenna can directly be rotated on screw thread and maintain static,And strictly flatten,Suitable holder is installed additional to install IP Camera away from forced centering apparatus 0.1m,Suitable support is installed additional to support solar panel at 0.3m,Two can are installed additional to deposit ups power and GNSS receiver at 0.5m,Going out to bore the circular hole of an a diameter of 50mm from concrete wire pole top 0.5m,Respectively bore the circular hole of an a diameter of 100mm with pvc pipe bottom concrete wire pole,For burying the rain sensor cable that inclines underground.The most each data are all the examples being embodied as, and one of ordinary skill in the art is well understood to, and according to actually used situation, can be easily adjusted data.
As shown in Figure 4, operating structure figure for GNSS landslide monitoring Yu early warning system, this system data center subsystem, main by CORS rack, server, CORS base station, data center's software etc. form, it is connected with relying on signal feed between monitoring subsystem, the data that thered is provided of monitoring subsystem are provided and are transmitted to early warning subsystem client, data center subsystem and early warning subsystem client pass through GPRS, 3G, CDMA, the wireless network modes such as WIFI connect, data center subsystem can manage monitoring subsystem and early warning subsystem client, the data obtained is carried out data process, analyze, result output etc..
GNSS landslide monitoring and early warning system that the present invention provides compared with prior art, its remarkable advantage:
1. utilize the advanced technology height such as GNSS receiver, multiple environmental data measuring cell, wireless network communication to merge integrated, real-time automatic monitoring Landslide Hazards;
2.GNSS is a kind of technology multiple use in the present invention, not only can monitor the geometric distortion information of Landslide Hazards in real time, and precipitation etc. can be analyzed and prediction etc., analyzing for Landslide Hazards monitoring provides multivariate data, improves precision of prediction;
3. monitoring device intelligent operation, monitoring device power supply is integrated, it is ensured that round-the-clock unmanned real time execution, early warning platform intelligent, early warning channel diversities;
4. use solar energy, wind technology, provide energy safeguard for GNSS receiver and multiple environmental data measuring cell etc., it is achieved the unmanned of various monitoring devices.
In sum, the GNSS landslide monitoring of the present invention and early warning system, based on the Big Dipper/GPS, GIS, terminal development, network transmits, the deformation monitor information acquisition technique of being integrated in one of multielement bar such as computer and network communications technology, data processing technique based on multi-mode monitoring and method, in real time the safety information on landslide can be passed to data center, data center administrator early warning in time on this basis, data collecting system is integrated in one by this system with data handling system, by the collection of data, transmission, storage and Treatment Analysis integration, possesses the ability realizing monitoring in real time in a variety of weather conditions, have round-the-clock, in high precision, the advantage such as full-automatic.
The foregoing is only embodiments of the invention; not thereby the scope of the claims of the present invention is limited; every equivalent structure utilizing description of the invention content to be made or equivalence flow process conversion; or directly or indirectly it is used in other relevant technical field, the most in like manner it is included in the scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a GNSS landslide monitoring and early warning system, it is characterised in that include that monitoring subsystem, described monitoring subsystem include monitoring point, datum mark and video surveillance point, for gathering the observation data in landslide areas and monitoring periphery bad border in real time;Data center subsystem, datum mark in receiving and dispatching monitoring subsystem and the observation data of monitoring point, it is analyzed process and obtains warning data, and according to warning data, sending early warning signal, data center subsystem also receives video signal simultaneously, is analyzed process by photogrammetric technology and obtains warning data, and according to warning data, send early warning signal;Early warning subsystem client, receives the early warning signal that sends of data center subsystem and carries out early warning process;And communication network, for providing network service between monitoring subsystem, data center subsystem and early warning subsystem, communication connection is carried out by network service between described monitoring subsystem, data center subsystem and early warning subsystem client, by monitoring subsystem by Monitoring Data real-time Transmission to data center subsystem, being analyzed processing to Monitoring Data by data center subsystem, user accesses the real time data in data center subsystem by early warning subsystem client.
GNSS landslide monitoring the most according to claim 1 and early warning system, it is characterised in that described monitoring point and datum mark are equipped with GNSS antenna, GNSS receiver, various kinds of sensors and electric supply installation, described video surveillance point is provided with IP Camera.
GNSS landslide monitoring the most according to claim 2 and early warning system, it is characterized in that, described GNSS receiver uses GNSS tri-system eight frequency receiver, and described three systems are China's Beidou satellite navigation system, american global positioning system and russian glonass;Described eight frequencies are the B1/B2/B3 wave band of BDS, the L1/L2/L5 wave band of GPS and the G1/G2 wave band of GLONASS.
GNSS landslide monitoring the most according to claim 2 and early warning system, it is characterised in that described various kinds of sensors includes inclination sensor, soil moisture probe and pluviometer.
GNSS landslide monitoring the most according to claim 2 and early warning system, it is characterised in that described electric supply installation is solar generator or wind-driven generator.
GNSS landslide monitoring the most according to claim 1 and early warning system, it is characterised in that described data center subsystem is provided with CORS rack, server, CORS base station and the data center software that mutual communication connects.
GNSS landslide monitoring the most according to claim 1 and early warning system, it is characterized in that, described early warning subsystem client is provided with pc client, mobile client and emergency repair client, and described early warning subsystem client receives early warning signal that data center subsystem sends and carries out early warning process.
GNSS landslide monitoring the most according to claim 1 and early warning system, it is characterised in that the communication form of described communication network includes Ethernet cable network or 3G/4G, WIFI wireless network two kinds.
CN201610201444.0A 2016-04-05 2016-04-05 GNSS landslide monitoring and early warning system CN105844858A (en)

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Cited By (12)

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CN107016831A (en) * 2017-06-04 2017-08-04 安徽数地空间信息科技有限公司 A kind of high-precision real time on-line monitoring early warning systems of GNSS
CN107332576A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-11-07 芜湖航飞科技股份有限公司 A kind of Big Dipper terminal structure
CN107505634A (en) * 2017-06-28 2017-12-22 南京航空航天大学 A kind of landslide early-warning system based on Centimeter Level high accuracy satellite positioning tech
CN107808498A (en) * 2017-12-01 2018-03-16 四川汇源光通信有限公司 A kind of monitoring method of landslide and the monitoring system of application this method
WO2018119880A1 (en) * 2016-12-29 2018-07-05 柳成荫 Early warning method and device for rainfall induced landslides based on rainfall and soil moisture
CN109548189A (en) * 2017-08-10 2019-03-29 南京金正奇交通设备有限责任公司 A kind of dedicated GNSS receiver of high-speed rail monitoring
CN110519125A (en) * 2019-08-29 2019-11-29 桂林电子科技大学 A kind of deformation visualization real-time monitoring early warning system based on web
CN110596789A (en) * 2019-09-20 2019-12-20 淮阴师范学院 Geological disaster early warning monitoring devices
CN110610595A (en) * 2019-08-01 2019-12-24 江苏科博空间信息科技有限公司 Geological disaster early warning method based on Beidou water vapor inversion
CN110879053A (en) * 2019-12-20 2020-03-13 湖北楚航电子科技有限公司 Multi-sensor integrated automatic slope deformation monitoring device
CN111260891A (en) * 2020-03-05 2020-06-09 罗少辉 Rainfall type landslide monitoring and early warning device
CN111504392A (en) * 2020-06-10 2020-08-07 中国地质调查局水文地质环境地质调查中心 Landslide multi-element three-dimensional space monitoring system and method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2018119880A1 (en) * 2016-12-29 2018-07-05 柳成荫 Early warning method and device for rainfall induced landslides based on rainfall and soil moisture
CN107016831A (en) * 2017-06-04 2017-08-04 安徽数地空间信息科技有限公司 A kind of high-precision real time on-line monitoring early warning systems of GNSS
CN107332576A (en) * 2017-06-06 2017-11-07 芜湖航飞科技股份有限公司 A kind of Big Dipper terminal structure
CN107505634A (en) * 2017-06-28 2017-12-22 南京航空航天大学 A kind of landslide early-warning system based on Centimeter Level high accuracy satellite positioning tech
CN109548189A (en) * 2017-08-10 2019-03-29 南京金正奇交通设备有限责任公司 A kind of dedicated GNSS receiver of high-speed rail monitoring
CN107808498A (en) * 2017-12-01 2018-03-16 四川汇源光通信有限公司 A kind of monitoring method of landslide and the monitoring system of application this method
CN110610595A (en) * 2019-08-01 2019-12-24 江苏科博空间信息科技有限公司 Geological disaster early warning method based on Beidou water vapor inversion
CN110519125A (en) * 2019-08-29 2019-11-29 桂林电子科技大学 A kind of deformation visualization real-time monitoring early warning system based on web
CN110596789A (en) * 2019-09-20 2019-12-20 淮阴师范学院 Geological disaster early warning monitoring devices
CN110879053A (en) * 2019-12-20 2020-03-13 湖北楚航电子科技有限公司 Multi-sensor integrated automatic slope deformation monitoring device
CN111260891A (en) * 2020-03-05 2020-06-09 罗少辉 Rainfall type landslide monitoring and early warning device
CN111504392A (en) * 2020-06-10 2020-08-07 中国地质调查局水文地质环境地质调查中心 Landslide multi-element three-dimensional space monitoring system and method

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Application publication date: 20160810