CN110468854A - A kind of quick emergence control method in landslide - Google Patents

A kind of quick emergence control method in landslide Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110468854A
CN110468854A CN201910638725.6A CN201910638725A CN110468854A CN 110468854 A CN110468854 A CN 110468854A CN 201910638725 A CN201910638725 A CN 201910638725A CN 110468854 A CN110468854 A CN 110468854A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
landslide
warhead
grouting pipe
cable wire
slope
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910638725.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘汉龙
顾东明
丁选明
仉文岗
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Chongqing University
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Chongqing University
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Publication date
Application filed by Chongqing University filed Critical Chongqing University
Priority to CN201910638725.6A priority Critical patent/CN110468854A/en
Publication of CN110468854A publication Critical patent/CN110468854A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D17/00Excavations; Bordering of excavations; Making embankments
    • E02D17/20Securing of slopes or inclines
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/74Means for anchoring structural elements or bulkheads
    • E02D5/76Anchorings for bulkheads or sections thereof in as much as specially adapted therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D2600/00Miscellaneous
    • E02D2600/30Miscellaneous comprising anchoring details
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A10/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE at coastal zones; at river basins
    • Y02A10/23Dune restoration or creation; Cliff stabilisation

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of quick emergence control methods in landslide, belong to landslide control technical field, specific steps are as follows: and it is rapid by Landslide Forecast System or artificial observation discovery mountain deformation first, there is the potential risk for being further development of landslide;It sends special war team to the mountain top portion on hillside opposite, emits novel earth-drilling bomb towards unstable slopes, carry cable wire and Grouting Pipe after bullet;By Grouting Pipe, earth-drilling bomb enters the hole formed after slopes, the enlarged footing that the small-scale explosion of bullet is formed, to hole and enlarged footing injection swelling agent and accelerator, quickly solidification forms anchoring body, anchor pole is formed in conjunction with cable wire, to be finally reached the effect of reinforcing side slope.The present invention speedily carry out rescue work improvement project cost it is low, harnessing project implementation process it is easy to operate rapidly, governance process is not related to earthwork evacuation engineering, can quickly generate consolidation effect.

Description

A kind of quick emergence control method in landslide
Technical field
The invention belongs to preventing land slide technical fields, and in particular to a kind of landslide emergence control method.
Background technique
Landslide is common one of the geological disaster in China, especially in southwest, abundant rainfall and reservoir water level Fluctuation usually causes landslide disaster, brings and seriously threatens to lives and properties and reservoir safety operation.In general, Southwestern China area side Slope is high suddenly, river valley is deeply narrow, and big machinery, even personnel are difficult to obtain, and without enough construction surfaces, bring to the prevention and treatment of side slope Extreme difficulties.Currently, the prevention and treatment of landslide disaster is frequently with friction pile, barricade, anchor pole, anchor cable and cuts the engineerings such as slope off-load and arranges It applies.And the implementation of these common measures usually requires to arrange big machinery, personnel in slope table, and needs certain construction surface, examines Consider southwest side slope landform to rise steeply, above-mentioned common measure is often difficult to realize, and construction personnel and machinery were being constructed The risk on burst landslide is faced in journey.In addition, the implementation of these measures is often time-consuming very long, cannot achieve to potential slip mass and When, effective supporting.
In conclusion being directed to the prevention and treatment of Southwestern China area high gradient slope, problem of the existing technology is:
1) southwest side slope is high steep, and machinery needed for conventional control measure and construction personnel are often difficult to reach;
2) implementation of conventional control measure is often time-consuming very long, cannot achieve and in time, effectively props up potential slip mass Shield;
3) conventional control measure long construction period, so that construction personnel, the mechanical risk for facing burst landslide.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of quick emergence control methods in landslide that can solve prior art defect.
To realize the present invention purpose and the technical solution adopted is that a kind of such, quick emergence control side in landslide Method, comprising the following steps:
1) it verifies instable slope: the instable slope is identified by Landslide Forecast System or artificial observation.
2) emit novel earth-drilling bomb: novel earth-drilling bomb, the Novel drill are emitted to the instable slope by car launcher Ground bullet includes warhead, body, Grouting Pipe and cable wire.The body be in open at both ends hollow cylinder, the one of the body End is connected with warhead.The one end of the warhead far from body is filled with explosive in coniform inside the warhead.It is described Grouting Pipe protrudes into warhead after passing through body, and the cable wire protrudes into warhead after passing through Grouting Pipe.The novel earth-drilling bomb passes through It is protruded into after instable slope in stable massif, to form shell hole in the instable slope.The Grouting Pipe and cable wire are separate One end of warhead extends to instable slope surface after passing through shell hole.
3) warhead explodes: the warhead forms enlarged footing stablizing in massif explosion.
4) slip casting anchors: injection swelling agent and accelerator in Xiang Suoshu Grouting Pipe, swelling agent and accelerator flow into the expansion It is quickly solidified after major part and shell hole, the cable wire, swelling agent and accelerator combine and form anchor pole.
Further, the landslide in the step 1) includes position, area, thickness and the dangerous journey of instable slope Degree.
Further, also there is the step of carrying out tensioning and anchoring to cable wire in the step 4).
The solution have the advantages that unquestionable, the method for unstable slope is entered using the novel earth-drilling bomb of transmitting, By Grouting Pipe slip casting into shell hole enlarged footing and drilling, it is formed together anchor pole or anchor cable with cable wire, realizes that side slope quickly adds Solid purpose.With the application of the invention, the time-consuming of landslide control reduces the urgent consolidation, it can be achieved that unstable slope significantly, administered Journey is not related to earthwork evacuation engineering, can quickly generate consolidation effect, and the effect in Landslide Protection disposition is particularly evident.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of quick emergence control method flow diagram in landslide;
Fig. 2 is a kind of quick emergence control method schematic diagram in landslide;
Fig. 3 is novel earth-drilling bomb schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is novel earth-drilling bomb perspective view of the explosion.
In figure: instable slope 1, shell hole 101, novel earth-drilling bomb 2, warhead 201, body 202, Grouting Pipe 203, cable wire 204, car launcher 3, stable massif 4 and enlarged footing 401.
Specific embodiment
Below with reference to embodiment, the invention will be further described, but should not be construed the above-mentioned subject area of the present invention only It is limited to following embodiments.Without departing from the idea case in the present invention described above, according to ordinary skill knowledge and used With means, various replacements and change are made, should all include within the scope of the present invention.
Present embodiment discloses a kind of quick emergence control methods in landslide, and referring to Fig. 1, which is a kind of massif The flow chart for the quick emergence control method that comes down.
Specifically, a kind of quick emergence control method in landslide, comprising the following steps:
1) it verifies instable slope 1: the instable slope 1 is identified by Landslide Forecast System.In massif to be monitored Several routing sensor nodes and landslide side coordinator node, several routing sensor node acquisition landslides letter is arranged in surface Breath, the landslide includes position, area, thickness and the degree of danger of instable slope 1.Several routing sensor sections Point sends landslide to landslide side coordinator node by wireless communication.Landslide side coordinator node is by wireless communication Landslide is sent to repeater, the repeater sends landslide to monitoring room side coordinator node by wireless communication, Monitoring room side coordinator node sends landslide to server by wire communication, and the server is sent to display Landslide, user identify the instable slope 1 by the landslide of display.
2) emit novel earth-drilling bomb 2: according to the letter such as position, area, thickness of instable slope 1 obtained in step 1) The car launcher 3 for carrying the novel earth-drilling bomb 2 starts in breath, spy's war team.Referring to fig. 2, the car launcher 3 reaches instable slope At the mountain top on 1 opposite;Car launcher 3 emits 1 or more novel earth-drilling bomb 2 to the instable slope 1, it is ensured that the Novel drill Ground bullet 2 passes through instable slope 1 and protrudes into stable massif 4, to form shell hole 101 in the instable slope 1.Referring to figure 3, the novel earth-drilling bomb 2 includes warhead 201, body 202, Grouting Pipe 203 and cable wire 204.The body 202 is spacious in both ends The hollow cylinder of mouth, one end of the body 202 is connected with warhead 201.The warhead 201 far from body 202 one It is in coniform for holding, and explosive is filled with inside the warhead 201.The Grouting Pipe 203 protrudes into warhead after passing through body 202 201, the cable wire 204 protrudes into warhead 201 after passing through Grouting Pipe 203.Referring to fig. 2, the Grouting Pipe 203 and cable wire 204 are remote One end from warhead 201 extends to 1 surface of instable slope after passing through shell hole 101.
3) warhead 201 explodes: referring to fig. 4, the warhead 201 is stablizing explosion formation expansion on a small scale in massif 4 First 401.
4) slip casting anchors: injection swelling agent and accelerator, swelling agent and accelerator are made in gravity in Xiang Suoshu Grouting Pipe 203 The Grouting Pipe 203 described in lower edge flows into the enlarged footing 401 and shell hole 101 and quickly solidifies.The cable wire (204) are carried out again After tensioning, prestressed anchor is formed in conjunction with swelling agent and accelerator, to quickly generate consolidation effect.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of quick emergence control method in landslide, it is characterised in that: the following steps are included:
1) it verifies the instable slope (1): the instable slope is identified by Landslide Forecast System or artificial observation (1);
2) emit novel earth-drilling bomb (2): novel earth-drilling bomb (2), institute are emitted by car launcher (3) Xiang Suoshu instable slope (1) Stating novel earth-drilling bomb (2) includes warhead (201), body (202), Grouting Pipe (203) and cable wire (204);The body (202) In the hollow cylinder of open at both ends, one end of the body (202) is connected with warhead (201);The warhead (201) is remote One end from body (202) is filled with explosive in coniform inside the warhead (201);The Grouting Pipe (203) passes through bullet It is protruded into after body (202) warhead (201), the cable wire (204) protrudes into warhead (201) after passing through Grouting Pipe (203);It is described new Type earth-drilling bomb (2) protrudes into stable massif (4) after passing through instable slope (1), to form bullet in the instable slope (1) Hole (101);The Grouting Pipe (203) and cable wire (204) extend to after passing through shell hole (101) far from the one end of warhead (201) Instable slope (1) surface;
3) warhead (201) explodes: the warhead (201) forms enlarged footing (401) stablizing explosion in massif (4);
4) slip casting anchors: injection swelling agent and accelerator in Xiang Suoshu Grouting Pipe (203), swelling agent and accelerator flow into the expansion Quickly solidification, the cable wire (204), swelling agent and accelerator combine and form anchor pole afterwards for major part (401) and shell hole (101).
2. a kind of quick emergence control method in landslide according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: in the step 1) Landslide include instable slope (1) position, area, thickness and degree of danger.
3. a kind of quick emergence control method in landslide according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: in the step 4) Also there is the step of carrying out tensioning and anchoring to cable wire (204).
CN201910638725.6A 2019-07-16 2019-07-16 A kind of quick emergence control method in landslide Pending CN110468854A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201910638725.6A CN110468854A (en) 2019-07-16 2019-07-16 A kind of quick emergence control method in landslide

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910638725.6A CN110468854A (en) 2019-07-16 2019-07-16 A kind of quick emergence control method in landslide

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110468854A true CN110468854A (en) 2019-11-19

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004169294A (en) * 2002-11-18 2004-06-17 Seiichi Ozawa Method for preventing collapse of mt. fuji
CN101788551A (en) * 2010-01-07 2010-07-28 云南元磨高速公路建设指挥部 Expressway slide slope disease automatic monitoring system
JP2011122385A (en) * 2009-12-14 2011-06-23 Sadayuki Amiya Pile driving method
CN103774651A (en) * 2012-10-26 2014-05-07 兰州大学 Olive-shaped anti-slip key grouted anchoring supporting blasting anchor rod
CN107808498A (en) * 2017-12-01 2018-03-16 四川汇源光通信有限公司 A kind of monitoring method of landslide and the monitoring system of application this method
CN109594568A (en) * 2018-11-15 2019-04-09 温州大学瓯江学院 A kind of rock slope ecological safeguard structure and its method

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004169294A (en) * 2002-11-18 2004-06-17 Seiichi Ozawa Method for preventing collapse of mt. fuji
JP2011122385A (en) * 2009-12-14 2011-06-23 Sadayuki Amiya Pile driving method
CN101788551A (en) * 2010-01-07 2010-07-28 云南元磨高速公路建设指挥部 Expressway slide slope disease automatic monitoring system
CN103774651A (en) * 2012-10-26 2014-05-07 兰州大学 Olive-shaped anti-slip key grouted anchoring supporting blasting anchor rod
CN107808498A (en) * 2017-12-01 2018-03-16 四川汇源光通信有限公司 A kind of monitoring method of landslide and the monitoring system of application this method
CN109594568A (en) * 2018-11-15 2019-04-09 温州大学瓯江学院 A kind of rock slope ecological safeguard structure and its method

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
李艳翟越,石蕴美,王思维,董婧,蒋文祺: "《侵爆荷载作用下岩质边坡稳定性分析》", 《工业建筑》 *
郝杰忠,马士良,朱雯,施存程: "《钻地弹侵彻爆炸条件下岩石边坡稳定性分析》", 《武汉理工大学学报》 *

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